英语学习词典
  

vital

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vital [ 'vaitl] a.生命的;有生命力的

vital [ 'vaitl] a.生命的,生机的

vital ['vaitl] a.生动的,不可缺少的

It is vital for the government to take immediate measures to deal with the situation.
政府立即采取措施对付这种局势是极其重要的。

Perseverance is vital to success.
不屈不挠是成功之本。

@@@ 必须
attendance required 要求参加, 必须参加
be a must 必须做的事
be bound to do sth. 一定会..., 必然...
bread and butter 生活必需品; 衣、食和住, 生计
have got to 必须, 不得不
if necessary 如果必要的话
indispensable for/to 对...绝对必要的
make a point of doing sth. 认为某事重要; 认为某事完全有必要; 一定要做某事
no doubt 无疑地, 必定
order of the day 某一时间内必须做或通常做的事
prerequisite for ...是必须的, ...是先决条件
see to it that... 一定注意到...; 务必
vital to 对...(的存在、成功或运作)极重要的, 必不可少的

@@@ 重要, 必要
a big deal 重要的交易; 重要的事物或人
above all 首先; 最重要的是
attach to 1.依附在...上; 系在...上
2.依恋; 喜爱
3.认为...有重要性
boil down (to) 熬浓; 摘要; 归结为
come to the point 说到要点; 扼要地说
count for 有价值; 有重要性
essential to 对...不可缺少
first and foremost 首要地, 首先
First things first 最重要的事
for the most part 主要地; 大多数情况下
in the forefront (of sth.) 在...的最前沿; 在...最重要之处
indispensable for/to 对...绝对必要的
instrumental in doing sth. 对...有帮助的; 在...上很重要
least of all 最不重要的
make a difference 有影响; 很重要
make a point of doing sth. 认为某事重要; 认为某事完全有必要; 一定要做某事
miss the point 抓不着要点
of special note 特别显著; 特别重要
play a (+adj.) role in 在...扮演角色; 在...中起重要作用
to the point 中肯, 扼要
vital to 对...(的存在、成功或运作)极重要的, 必不可少的

百年大计 [bǎi nián dà jì] /a project of vital and lasting importance/

表证 [biǎo zhèng] /illness that has not attacked the vital organs of the human body/

病入膏肓 [bìng rù gāo huāng] /the disease has attacked the vitals - beyond cure/

气 [qì] /gas/air/smell/weather/vital breath/to make sb. angry/to get angry/to be enraged/

要 [yào] /important/vital/to want/to be going to/must/

有活力 [yǒu huó lì] /energetic/vital/

{adj: artificial} not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes

{adj: critical, vital} urgently needed; absolutely necessary
"a critical element of the plan"
"critical medical supplies"
"vital for a healthy society"
"of vital interest"

{adj: crucial, important} of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis
"a crucial moment in his career"
"a crucial election"
"a crucial issue for women"
<-> noncrucial

{adj: crude, raw} not processed or subjected to analysis
"raw data"
"the raw cost of production"
"only the crude vital statistics"

{adj: full of life, lively, vital} full of spirit
"a dynamic full of life woman"
"a vital and charismatic leader"
"this whole lively world"

{adj: sapless} destitute of sap and other vital juices; dry
"the rats and roaches scurrying along the sapless planks"- Norman Mailer

{adj: spiritual} lacking material body or form or substance
"spiritual beings"
"the vital transcendental soul belonging to the spiritual realm"-Lewis Mumford

{adj: technical} of or relating to proficiency in a practical skill
"no amount of technical skill and craftsmanship can take the place of vital interest"- John Dewey

{adj: vital, life-sustaining} performing an essential function in the living body
"vital organs"
"blood and other vital fluids"
"the loss of vital heat in shock"
"a vital spot"
"life-giving love and praise"

{adj: vital} manifesting or characteristic of life
"a vital, living organism"
"vital signs"

{adv: vitally} to a vital degree
"this is vitally important"

{n: Bergson, Henri Bergson, Henri Louis Bergson} French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)

{n: adipose tissue, fat, fatty tissue} a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs
"fatty tissue protected them from the severe cold"

{n: biochemical mechanism} a chemical mechanism involved in vital processes occurring in living organisms

{n: demographer, demographist, population scientist} a scientist who studies the growth and density of populations and their vital statistics

{n: fabrication, manufacture} the act of making something (a product) from raw materials
"the synthesis and fabrication of single crystals"
"an improvement in the manufacture of explosives"
"manufacturing is vital to Great Britain"

{n: heartbeat} an animating or vital unifying force
"New York is the commercial heartbeat of America"

{n: jugular} a vital part that is vulnerable to attack
"he always goes for the jugular"

{n: kernel, substance, core, center, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, marrow, meat, nub, pith, sum, nitty-gritty} the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
"the gist of the prosecutor's argument"
"the heart and soul of the Republican Party"
"the nub of the story"

{n: life force, vital force, vitality, elan vital} (biology) a hypothetical force (not physical or chemical) once thought by Henri Bergson to cause the evolution and development of organisms

{n: medulla oblongata, medulla, bulb} lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata)
"the medulla oblongata is the most vital part of the brain because it contains centers controlling breathing and heart functioning"

{n: nucleic acid} (biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells

{n: reserve} (medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions

{n: spirit} the vital principle or animating force within living things

{n: spirometer} a measuring instrument for measuring the vital capacity of the lungs

{n: spirometry} the use of a spirometer to measure vital capacity

{n: stimulant, stimulant drug, excitant} a drug that temporarily quickens some vital process

{n: suspended animation} a temporary cessation of vital functions with loss of consciousness resembling death; usually resulting from asphyxia

{n: vital capacity} the maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation (usually tested with a spirometer); used to determine the condition of lung tissue

{n: vital organ, vitals} a bodily organ that is essential for life

{n: vital principle, life principle} a hypothetical force to which the functions and qualities peculiar to living things are sometimes ascribed

{n: vital sign} sign of life; usually an indicator of a person's general physical condition
"he was still alive but his vital signs were weak"

{n: vital statistics} data relating to births and deaths and health and diseases and marriages

{n: vitalism} (philosophy) a doctrine that life is a vital principle distinct from physics and chemistry

{v: eviscerate} take away a vital or essential part of
"the compromise among the parties eviscerated the bill that had been proposed"

Calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, has long been recognised as vital for the formation and maintenance of strong bones and teeth.
钙是人体中最丰富的矿物质,长期以来一直被认为在强壮的骨骼和牙齿的形成和保持方面作用至关重要。

The young woman is especially vital.
那个年轻女子尤其栩栩如生。

Postcrash amnesia has robbed him of the vital three or four minutes that preceded the crash in the Pont d'Alma tunnel and its aftermath, when he lay suspended between life and death.
撞车造成的健忘症已抹掉了关于阿尔玛桥隧道里撞车前至关紧要的三四分钟以及事后情况的记忆。那时他正悬命于生死之间。

In Health and Healing he expands on the importance of breathing, that " most " vital and mysterious function ".
在《健康与痊愈》中,他详述呼吸的重要性说,那是 "最性命攸关和不可思议的机能 "。

If Dogme spreads beyond art houses, it will be not because it suggests a vital new way to make pictures, but because today's directors feel crushed by technological gimmickry.
这些清规戒律正在步出严肃的电影圈,向整个电影界蔓延。究其原因,并不是因为它代表了一种拍摄电影的新方法,而是因为今天的导演都有一种为技术与设备所累的感觉。

That's why the Trustees for Alaska, a public interest law firm, has sued the U.S. government for failing to protect areas vital to endangered marine mammals.
这就是一家名叫阿拉斯加信托公司的公共利益法律事务所控告美国政府保护濒临灭绝的海洋生物不力的理由。

In the future, microchips in running shoes will monitor the body's vital signs.
未来,装在运动鞋内的微晶片将监测人体的生命特征。

In effect, in trying to demonstrate that the imagination is more profound and less submissive to the intellect than Saint-Beuve assumed, Proust elicited vital memories of his own and, finding subtle connections between them, began to amass the material for Remembrance.
事实上,为了试图证明想象力要比圣伯夫所假设的来得更为深刻,且并非那么易于屈服于理性,普鲁斯特引发了他自己的至关重要的记忆,发现它们之间不无微妙的联系,便开始为《似水年华》收集材料。

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said Friday the United Nations cannot survive as a vital force in international politics if it does not reform. She spoke in support of the Bush administration's controversial nominee for Ambassador to the U.N., John Bolton, who has been a critic of the world body.
美国国务卿赖斯星期五表示,联合国如果不改革,便无法作为国际政治中一个至关重要的力量而继续存在。赖斯表态支持布什总统提名的约翰·博尔顿出任驻联合国大使。博尔顿一直对联合国持批评态度,布什提名他出任驻联合国大使后引起了争议。

Ms. Rice said that with the United Nations facing scandals over the Iraq oil-for-food program and the conduct of peacekeepers in Africa, it in her words "cannot survive as a vital force in international politics if it does not reform its organizations, secretariat and management practices."
赖斯指出,鉴于联合国面临“石油换食品”计划和一些驻非洲的维和人员行为不检的丑闻,联合国“如果不改革它的各个组织、秘书处以及管理方式,就不能作为国际政治中至关重要的力量而继续存在”。

Initially, Mr. Sharon's plan called for a four-stage withdrawal of all 21 Jewish settlements from Gaza and four small ones from the West Bank to take place in the second half of 2005. Mr. Sharon has said the disengagement is vital for Israel's security. Finance Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who is one of Mr. Sharon main political rivals within Likud, said he's not opposed to the withdrawal plan, but he wants a slower and more measured approach. Mr. Netanyahu said the withdrawal should be gradual to avoid chaos and the perception that Israel is giving in to terrorism and fleeing from attacks by Palestinian militants.
沙龙最终要从加沙撤走所有21个犹太定居点,并从约旦河西岸撤走4个小型定居点。最初,沙龙的方案分成四个阶段,而且撤离行动原定在2005年后半年开始进行。沙龙说,他的撤离方案对以色列的安全来说至关重要。沙龙在利库德集团内的主要政治对手、以色列财政部长内塔尼亚胡表示,他不反对撤离方案,但是他希望撤离行动能够放缓步骤,并有条不紊地进行。内塔尼亚胡说:撤离行动要循序渐进,以避免混乱,而且不要让人误认为以色列是在向恐怖主义屈服、是在巴勒斯坦激进分子的攻击面前临阵脱逃。

益气养阴,生津增液,补肺健脾 supplement the vital energy and nourish yin, promote the production of body fluid and saliva

spsc-42181904
Transport or mobile multiparameter vital sign units or accessories
传送、移动多参数重要标记单元和附件

F32.2
Severe depressive episode without psychotic symptoms
An episode of depression in which several of the above symptoms are marked and
distressing, typically loss of self-esteem and ideas of worthlessness or guilt. Suicidal
thoughts and acts are common and a number of "somatic" symptoms are usually
present.
Agitated depression-single episode without psychotic symptoms
Major depression-single episode without psychotic symptoms
Vital depression-single episode without psychotic symptoms
无精神病性症状之重度郁症发作
上述症状有多项出现 , 且症状显着 , 而感到相当的
痛苦 , 明显地丧失自尊或自觉无用或有罪恶感。自
杀意念与行为是常见的且通常会有几种身体性症状
之出现。
激动性郁症 , 无精神病性症状单一发作
重郁症 , 无精神病性症状单一发作
生机性郁症 , 无精神病性症状单一发作

F33
Recurrent depressive disorder
A disorder characterized by repeated episodes of depression as described for depressive
episode (F32.-), without any history of independent episodes of mood elevation and
increased energy (mania). There may however, be brief episodes of mild mood elevation and
overactivity (hypomania) immediately after a depressive episode, sometimes precipitated by
antidepressant treatment. The more severe forms of recurrent depressive disorder (F33.2
and F33.3) have much in common with earlier concepts such as manic-depressive depression,
melancholia vital depression and endogenous depression. The first episode may occur at any
age from childhood to old age, the onset may be either acute or insidious, and the
duration varies from a few weeks to many months. The risk that a patient with recurrent
depressive disorder will have an episode of mania never disappears completely, however
many depressive episodes have been experienced. If such an episode does occur, the
diagnosis should be changed to bipolar affective disorder (F31 .-).
Includes: recurrent episodes of:
. depressive reaction
. psychogenic depression
. reactive depression
seasonal depressive disorder
Excludes: recurrent brief depressive episodes (F38.1)
复发性郁症
疾病特徵是重覆发作的郁症 (F32.-) , 而且没有躁症如
情绪高昂、活动过度的发作病史。然而若一忧郁发
作之後 , 立即有轻微情绪高昂与过动的短暂轻躁症
发作有时是因抗郁剂治疗忧郁症所诱发的 , 仍要使
用此项分类。较严重之复发性郁症 (F33.2和F33.3) 与以前
躁郁性郁症 , melancholia , 生机性郁症与内因性郁症之概
念相似。初次发作可以由孩童期到老年期之任何年
龄 ; 发作或急性或渐近性 ; 其生病期间可以是几星
期至几个月不一定。复发性郁症者会发生躁症发作
的危险性 ( 无论经验多少次的忧郁发作 ) 决不会完
全消失。若发生躁症发作应将诊断改为双相情感障
碍症 (F31.-) 。
包含 : 重覆发作 :
. 忧郁性反应 (depressive reaction)
. 心因性忧郁 (psychogenic depression)
. 反应性忧郁症 (reactive depression)
季节性情感障碍症 (sasonal affective disorder)(F33.0或F33.1)
不包含 : 复发性短暂忧郁发作 (F38.1)

F33.2
Recurrent depressive disorder, current episode severe without psychotic
symptoms A disorder characterized by repeated episodes of depression, the current episode
being severe without psychotic symptoms, as in F32.2, and without any history of mania.
Endogenous depression without psychotic symptoms
Major depression, recurrent without psychotic symptoms
Manic-depressive psychosis, depressed type without psychotic symptoms
Vital depression, recurrent without psychotic symptoms
无精神病症状之重度复发性郁症
复发性郁症 , 且现在之发作符合无精神病性的重度
郁症发作 (F32.2) , 且无任何躁症病史。
无精神病性症状内因性郁症
重郁症 , 无精神病性症状复发性
躁郁性精神病 , 无精神病性症状郁型
生机性郁症 , 无精神病性症状复发性

R94.2
Abnormal results of pulmonary function studies
Reduced:
. ventilatory capacity
vital capacity
肺功能检查结果异常
下列之一减少 :
. 换气量
. 肺活量

4
While resting, sleeping, eating or engaging in other vital activities
Personal hygiene
当休息、睡眠、进食或从事其他维持生命所不可缺
少的活动之时个人卫生

Z73.0
Burn-out
State of vital exhaustion
精神力气耗尽
生活力耗尽的状态

Vital capacity 肺活量


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