英语学习词典
  

tissue

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tissue [ 'tisju:] n.薄绢;薄纸;组织

Printed Tissue Paper 印花棉纸

Tissue Box 纸巾盒

Tissue Cover 纸巾盒套

Tissue Paper 薄绵纸

examine a tissue sample under a microscope 在显微镜下研究组织细胞的样品
examine the structure of a novel 分析一部小说的结构
examine one's own reasons 剖析自己的动机

薄的纱织品 tissue

薄绢 tissue

白棉纸 [bái mián zhǐ] /stencil tissue paper/

剥离 [bō lí] /(of tissue, skin, covering, etc.) come off/peel off/be stripped/

薄纸 [bó zhǐ] /tissue/kleenex/

腠 [còu] /the tissue between the skin and the flesh/

器官 [qì guān] /organ (part of body tissue)/apparatus/

卫生纸 [wèi shēng zhǐ] /toilet paper/bathroom tissue/

{adj: adenoid} relating to or resembling lymphatic glands or lymphoid tissue

{adj: adipose} composed of animal fat
"adipose tissue constitutes the fat of meat"

{adj: allogeneic} denoting or relating to cells or tissues from individuals belonging to the same species but genetically dissimilar (and hence immunologically incompatible)
<-> xenogeneic

{adj: anoxic} relating to or marked by a severe deficiency of oxygen in tissues or organs

{adj: areolar, areolate} relating to or like or divided into areolae
"areolar tissue"

{adj: assimilable} able to be absorbed and incorporated into body tissues

{adj: astringent} tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue
"astringent cosmetic lotions"
<-> nonastringent

{adj: bloated, distended, puffed, puffy, swollen, intumescent, tumescent, tumid, turgid} abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas
"hungry children with bloated stomachs"
"he had a grossly distended stomach"
"eyes with puffed (or puffy) lids"
"swollen hands"
"tumescent tissue"
"puffy tumid flesh"

{adj: caseous} of damaged or necrotic tissue; cheeselike

{adj: confined} not invading healthy tissue
<-> invasive

{adj: connective} connecting or tending to connect
"connective remarks between chapters"
"connective tissue in animals"
"conjunctive tissue in plants"

{adj: diseased, morbid, pathologic, pathological} caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology
"diseased tonsils"
"a morbid growth"
"pathologic tissue"
"pathological bodily processes"

{adj: epitheliod} resembling epithelium
"epithelial tissue"

{adj: erectile, cavernous} filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood
"erectile tissue"
"the penis is an erectile organ"

{adj: fatty, fat} containing or composed of fat
"fatty food"
"fat tissue"
<-> nonfat

{adj: fibrocalcific} involving or resulting from calcification of fibrous tissue

{adj: firm} possessing the tone and resiliency of healthy tissue
"firm muscles"

{adj: formative} capable of forming new cells and tissues
"a formative zone in developing bone"

{adj: friable} easily broken into small fragments or reduced to powder
"friable sandstone"
"friable carcinomatous tissue"
"friable curds formed in the stomach"

{adj: gangrenous, mortified} suffering from tissue death

{adj: homologous} corresponding or similar in position or structure or function or characteristics; especially derived from an organism of the same species
"a homologous tissue graft"
<-> heterologous, autologous

{adj: hygienic, hygienical} tending to promote or preserve health
"hygienic habits like using disposable tissues"
"hygienic surroundings with plenty of fresh air"

{adj: hypertonic} (of living tissue) in a state of abnormally high tension
"hypertonic muscle tissue"
<-> hypotonic

{adj: hypotonic} (of living tissue) lacking normal tone or tension
<-> hypertonic

{adj: invasive} marked by a tendency to spread especially into healthy tissue
"invasive cancer cells"
<-> confined

{adj: ligneous} consisting of or containing lignin or xylem
"ligneous (or woody) tissue"

{adj: lymphoid} resembling lymph or lymphatic tissues

{adj: lyophilized, lyophilised, freeze-dried} used of tissue or blood or serum or other biological substances; dried by freezing in a high vacuum

{adj: mesomorphic, muscular} having a robust muscular body-build characterized by predominance of structures (bone and muscle and connective tissue) developed from the embryonic mesodermal layer
<-> ectomorphic, endomorphic

{adj: mucous, mucose} of or secreting or covered with or resembling mucus
"mucous tissue"
"mucous glands of the intestine"

{adj: necrotic} relating to or affected by necrosis
"necrotic tissue"

{adj: neuroanatomic, neuroanatomical} of or relating to neural tissue or the nervous system

{adj: neurogenic} arising in or stimulated by nerve tissues

{adj: neuroglial} relating to or consisting of neuroglia
"neuroglial tissue"

{adj: neuromuscular} affecting or characteristic of both neural and muscular tissue

{adj: osseous, osteal, bony} composed of or containing bone
"osseous tissue"

{adj: perithelial} of or relating to the tissue layer around small blood vessels

{adj: radiolucent} almost complete transparent to X-rays or other forms of radiation
"radiolucent tissues"
<-> radiopaque

{adj: sclerotic} of or relating to the sclera of the eyeball
"sclerotic tissue"

{adj: styptic, hemostatic} tending to check bleeding by contracting the tissues or blood vessels

{adj: tonic} of or relating to or producing normal tone or tonus in muscles or tissue
"a tonic reflex"
"tonic muscle contraction"

{adj: trichromatic, trichrome, tricolor} having or involving three colors
"trichromatic vision"
"a trichromatic printing process"
"trichromatic staining is the staining of tissue samples differentially in three colors"
"tricolor plumage"
"a tricolor process in photography"

{adj: xenogeneic} denoting or relating to cells or tissues from individuals belonging to different species
<-> allogeneic

{n: Bryophyta, division Bryophyta} a division of nonflowering plants characterized by rhizoids rather than true roots and having little or no organized vascular tissue and showing alternation of generations between gamete-bearing forms and spore-bearing forms; comprises true mosses (Bryopsida) and liverworts (Hepaticopsida) and hornworts (Anthoceropsida)

{n: Haversian canal} any of the many tiny canals that contain blood vessels and connective tissue and that form a network in bone

{n: Hodgkin's disease} a malignant disorder in which there is progressive (but painless) enlargement of lymph tissue followed by enlargement of the spleen and liver

{n: Medawar, Peter Medawar, Sir Peter Brian Medawar} British immunologist (born in Brazil) who studied tissue transplants and discovered that the rejection of grafts was an immune response (1915-1987)

{n: Metazoa, subkingdom Metazoa} multicellular animals having cells differentiated into tissues and organs and usually a digestive cavity and nervous system

{n: Pacinian corpuscle} a specialized bulblike nerve ending located in the subcutaneous tissue of the skin; occurs abundantly in the skin of palms and soles and joints and genitals

{n: Purkinje network, Purkinje's tissue, Purkinje's system} a network of Purkinje fibers that carry the cardiac impulse from the atrioventricular node to the ventricles of the heart and causes them to contract

{n: REM} (Roentgen Equivalent Man) the dosage of ionizing radiation that will cause the same amount of injury to human tissue as 1 roentgen of X-rays

{n: Radiigera fuscogleba} a fungus similar to an earthstar except that it does not open up; the spore mass is brown at maturity with a column of sterile tissue extending up into it

{n: Rickettsiaceae, family Rickettsiaceae} microorganism resembling bacteria inhabiting arthropod tissues but capable of causing disease in vertebrates

{n: Ringer's solution, Ringer solution} an aqueous solution containing the chlorides of sodium and potassium and calcium that is isotonic to animal tissues; used to correct dehydration and (in physiological experiments) as a medium for in vitro preparations

{n: Schwann, Theodor Schwann} German physiologist and histologist who in 1838 and 1839 identified the cell as the basic structure of plant and animal tissue (1810-1882)

{n: Secotiaceae, family Secotiaceae} a family of fungi that have a stalk and cap and a wrinkled mass of tissue (the gleba) where spores are produced; are often dismissed as misshapen forms of other fungi

{n: Spermatophyta, division Spermatophyta} seed plants; comprises the Angiospermae (or Magnoliophyta) and Gymnospermae (or Gymnospermophyta); in some classification systems Spermatophyta is coordinate with Pteridophyta (spore producing plants having vascular tissue and roots) and Bryophyta (spore producing plants lacking vascular tissue and roots)

{n: Tay-Sachs disease, Tay-Sachs, Sachs disease, infantile amaurotic idiocy} a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occuring most frequently in individuals of Jewish descent in eastern Europe; accumulation of lipids in nervous tissue results in death in early childhood

{n: Truncocolumella citrina} a fungus with a round yellow to orange fruiting body that is found on the surface of the ground or partially buried; has a distinctive sterile column extending into the spore-bearing tissue

{n: abiotrophy} a loss of vitality and a degeneration of cells and tissues not due to any apparent injury

{n: ablation, extirpation, cutting out, excision} surgical removal of a body part or tissue

{n: abscessed tooth} an abscess of a common kind in the tissue around a tooth

{n: abscess} symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue

{n: abscission} shedding of flowers and leaves and fruit following formation of scar tissue in a plant

{n: accessory fruit, pseudocarp} fruit containing much fleshy tissue besides that of the ripened ovary; as apple or strawberry

{n: acidosis} abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues

{n: acute brain disorder, acute organic brain syndrome} any disorder (as sudden confusion or disorientation) in an otherwise normal person that is due to reversible (temporary) impairment of brain tissues (as by head injuries or drugs or infection)

{n: adenomatous polyp} a polyp that consists of benign neoplastic tissue derived from glandular epithelium
"adenomatous polyps are visible protrusions that can develop on the mucosal surface of the colon or rectum"

{n: adenopathy} a glandular disease or enlargement of glandular tissue (especially of the lymph glands)

{n: adenosine triphosphate, ATP} a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions

{n: adhesion} a fibrous band of scar tissue that binds together normally separate anatomical structures

{n: adhesion} abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen

{n: adipose tissue, fat, fatty tissue} a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs
"fatty tissue protected them from the severe cold"

{n: agglutination test} a blood test used to identify unknown antigens; blood with the unknown antigen is mixed with a known antibody and whether or not agglutination occurs helps to identify the antigen; used in tissue matching and blood grouping and diagnosis of infections

{n: albumin, albumen} a simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids

{n: alkalosis} abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues

{n: altitude sickness} effects (as nosebleed or nausea) of oxygen deficiency in the blood and tissues at high altitudes

{n: alveolar bed} lung tissue densely packed with alveoli

{n: amyloid plaque, amyloid protein plaque} a plaque consisting of tangles of amyloid protein in nervous tissue (a pathological mark of Alzheimer's disease)

{n: amyloidosis} a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma

{n: amyloid} (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue

{n: amyotrophia, amyotrophy} progressive wasting of muscle tissues

{n: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease} thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs

{n: anabolism, constructive metabolism} the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
<-> catabolism

{n: anasarca} generalized edema with accumulation of serum in subcutaneous connective tissue

{n: angiosarcoma} a rare malignant neoplasm arising from vascular tissue; usually occurs in the breast and skin and is believed to originate from the endothelial cells of blood vessels

{n: animal tissue} the tissue in the bodies of animals

{n: anosmia} absence of the sense of smell (as by damage to olfactory nasal tissue or the olfactory nerve or by obstruction of the nasal passages)

{n: anoxia} severe hypoxia; absence of oxygen in inspired gases or in arterial blood or in the tissues

{n: antiseptic} a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues

{n: aplasia} failure of some tissue or organ to develop

{n: approximation, bringing close together} the act of bringing near or bringing together especially the cut edges of tissue

{n: areolar tissue} fibrous connective tissue with the fibers arranged in a mesh or net

{n: areola} small space in a tissue or body part such as the area between veins on a leaf or an insect's wing

{n: astringency, stypsis} the ability to contract or draw together soft body tissues to check blood flow or restrict secretion of fluids

{n: astringent, astringent drug, styptic} a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals

{n: astroglia, macroglia} tissue consisting of large stellate neuroglial cells

{n: autoantibody} an antibody acting against tissues of the organism that produces it

{n: autograft, autoplasty} tissue that is taken from one site and grafted to another site on the same person
"skin from his thigh replaced the burned skin on his arms"

{n: autoimmune disease, autoimmune disorder} any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues

{n: autoimmunity} production of antibodies against the tissues of your own body; produces autoimmune disease or hypersensitivity reactions

{n: autolysis, self-digestion} lysis of plant or animal tissue by an internal process

{n: autoplasty} surgical repair by using tissue from another part of the patient's own body

{n: biopsy} examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease

{n: blackheart} any of various diseases in which the central tissues blacken

{n: blood extravasation} the leakage of blood from a vessel into tissues surrounding it; can occur in injuries or burns or allergic reactions

{n: blood-brain barrier} a mechanism that creates a barrier between brain tissues and circulating blood; serves to protect the central nervous system
"the brain was protected from the large molecules of the virus by the blood-brain barrier"

{n: blood} the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart
"blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and carries waste products away"
"the ancients believed that blood was the seat of the emotions"

{n: bone, osseous tissue} the porous calcified substance from which bones are made

{n: bone, os} rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates

{n: brown rot} any of certain fungous diseases of plants characterized by browning and decay of tissues

{n: buttock, cheek} either of the two large fleshy masses of muscular tissue that form the human rump

{n: cadaverine} a colorless toxic ptomaine with an unpleasant odor formed during the putrefaction of animal tissue

{n: calcification} tissue hardened by deposition of lime salts

{n: callus} (botany) an isolated thickening of tissue, especially a stiff protuberance on the lip of an orchid

{n: callus} bony tissue formed during the healing of a fractured bone

{n: cambium} a formative one-cell layer of tissue between xylem and phloem in most vascular plants that is responsible for secondary growth

{n: capillary bed} a layer of tissue densely packed with capillaries

{n: carcinoma in situ, preinvasive cancer} a cluster of malignant cells that has not yet invaded the deeper epithelial tissue or spread to other parts of the body

{n: carcinoma} any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer

{n: cardiac muscle, heart muscle} the muscle tissue of the heart; adapted to continued rhythmic contraction

{n: cartilage bone} any bone that develops within cartilage rather than a fibrous tissue

{n: cartilage, gristle} tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults

{n: cartilaginification} abnormal formation of cartilage from other tissues; observed in some Orientals

{n: cataplasia} (biology) degenerative reversion of cells or tissue to a less differentiated or more primitive form

{n: caustic} any chemical substance that burns or destroys living tissue

{n: cautery, cauterant} an instrument or substance used to destroy tissue for medical reasons (eg removal of a wart) by burning it with a hot iron or an electric current or a caustic or by freezing it

{n: cautery, cauterization, cauterisation} the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing

{n: cell-mediated immune response} an immune response (chiefly against viral or fungal invasions or transplanted tissue) that involves T cells

{n: cellulitis} an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain

{n: cellulose} a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers

{n: cell} (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals

{n: chalaza} one of two spiral bands of tissue connecting the egg yolk to the enclosing membrane at either end of the shell

{n: chemosurgery} use of chemical to destroy diseased or malignant tissue; used in treatment of skin cancer

{n: cholesterol, cholesterin} an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues

{n: chorionic villus sampling, chorionic villus biopsy} a prenatal test to detect birth defects at an early stage of pregnancy; tissue from the chorionic villi is assayed

{n: chorionic villus} one of the tiny villi that stick out of the fetal chorion and combine with the mother's uterine tissue to form the placenta

{n: chronic glossitis} glossitis with atrophy of tongue tissue; sometimes accompanies pernicious anemia

{n: cigarette paper, rolling paper} a strong tissue paper that burns evenly and is sufficiently porous to control the burning of the tobacco in a cigarette

{n: circulatory failure} failure of the cardiovascular system to supply adequate amounts of blood to body tissues

{n: circulatory system, cardiovascular system} the organs and tissues involved in circulating blood and lymph through the body

{n: collagen} a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling

{n: compound fracture, open fracture} bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound

{n: congestive heart failure} inability to pump enough blood to avoid congestion in the tissues

{n: connective tissue} tissue of mesodermal origin consisting of e.g. collagen fibroblasts and fatty cells; supports organs and fills spaces between them and forms tendons and ligaments

{n: contrast medium, contrast material} a substance that is opaque to x-rays; when administered it allows a radiologist to examine the organ or tissue it fills

{n: corpus luteum} yellow endocrine tissue that forms in a ruptured Graafian follicle following the release of an ovum

{n: cortex} the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal
<-> medulla

{n: creatine, creatin} an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction

{n: cryobiology} the branch of biology that studies the effects of low temperatures on living tissues or organs or organisms

{n: cryocautery} an instrument for destroying tissue by freezing it

{n: cryocautery} application of a substance that destroys tissue by freezing it

{n: cryonics} the freezing of a seriously ill or recently deceased person to stop tissues from decomposing; the body is preserved until new medical cures are developed that might bring the person back to life
"cryonics is more science fiction than serious science"

{n: cryosurgery} the use of extreme cold (usually liquid nitrogen) to destroy unwanted tissue (warts or cataracts or skin cancers)

{n: curettage, curettement} surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette

{n: curette, curet} a surgical instrument shaped like a scoop to remove tissue from a bodily cavity

{n: cutaneous vein, vena cutanea} one of a number of veins in the subcutaneous tissue that empty into deep veins

{n: debridement} surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing

{n: decidua} the epithelial tissue of the endometrium

{n: dehiscence} (biology) release of material by splitting open of an organ or tissue; the natural bursting open at maturity of a fruit or other reproductive body to release seeds or spores or the bursting open of a surgically closed wound

{n: dentine, dentin} bone (calcified tissue) surrounding the pulp cavity of a tooth

{n: deossification} the loss of the mineral content of bone tissue

{n: diapedesis} passage of blood cells (especially white blood cells) through intact capillary walls and into the surrounding tissue

{n: diathermy machine} a medical instrument for local heating of bodily tissues for medical purposes

{n: diathermy} a method of physical therapy that involves generating local heat in body tissues by high-frequency electromagnetic currents

{n: dilation and curettage, dilatation and curettage, D and C} a surgical procedure usually performed under local anesthesia in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrial lining of the uterus is scraped with a curet; performed to obtain tissue samples or to stop prolonged bleeding or to remove small tumors or to remove fragments of placenta after childbirth or as a method of abortion

{n: donor} (medicine) someone who gives blood or tissue or an organ to be used in another person (the host)

{n: double chin, buccula} a fold of fatty tissue under the chin

{n: dry gangrene, cold gangrene, mumification necrosis, mummification} (pathology) gangrene that develops in the presence of arterial obstruction and is characterized by dryness of the dead tissue and a dark brown color

{n: eagle ray} powerful free-swimming tropical ray noted for `soaring' by flapping winglike fins; usually harmless but has venomous tissue near base of the tail as in stingrays

{n: ecchymosis} the escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels into the surrounding tissue to form a purple or black-and-blue spot on the skin

{n: ectoderm, exoderm, ectoblast} the outer germ layer that develops into skin and nervous tissue

{n: edema, oedema, hydrops, dropsy} swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue

{n: edible fat} oily or greasy matter making up the bulk of fatty tissue in animals and in seeds and other plant tissue

{n: elastic tissue} connective tissue consisting chiefly of elastic fibers found in the dermis of the skin and in the walls of veins and arteries and in some tendons and ligaments

{n: elastin} a fibrous scleroprotein found in elastic tissues such as the walls of arteries

{n: elastosis} breakdown of elastic tissue (as the loss of elasticity in the skin of elderly people that results from degeneration of connective tissue)

{n: electrocautery} application of a needle heated by an electric current to destroy tissue (as to remove warts)

{n: embryonic tissue} tissue in an embryo

{n: encephalocele} protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull

{n: endoneurium} delicate connective tissue around individual nerve fibers in nerve

{n: endosperm} nutritive tissue surrounding the embryo within seeds of flowering plants

{n: engram, memory trace} a postulated biochemical change (presumably in neural tissue) that represents a memory

{n: epicondylitis} painful inflammation of the muscles and soft tissues around an epicondyle

{n: epikeratophakia} using a piece of donated corneal tissue to repair the eye of someone who has had a cataract removed
"epikeratophakia gave her a living contact lens"

{n: epithelioma} a malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue

{n: epithelium, epithelial tissue} membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the body

{n: erectile organ} an organ containing erectile tissue

{n: erectile tissue} vascular tissue capable of filling with blood and becoming rigid

{n: extravasation} the process of exuding or passing out of a vessel into surrounding tissues; said of blood or lymph or urine

{n: face lift, facelift, lift, face lifting, cosmetic surgery, rhytidectomy, rhytidoplasty, nip and tuck} plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and other signs of aging from your face; an incision is made near the hair line and skin is pulled back and excess tissue is excised
"some actresses have more than one face lift"

{n: facial tissue} tissue paper suitable for use on the face

{n: fascia, facia} a sheet or band of fibrous connective tissue separating or binding together muscles and organs etc

{n: fat embolism} serious condition in which fat blocks an artery; fat can enter the blood stream after a long bone is fractured or if adipose tissue is injured or as a result of a fatty liver

{n: fat} a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides)
"pizza has too much fat"

{n: fibroblast} a cell from which connective tissue develops

{n: fibrocartilage} cartilage that is largely composed of fibers like those in ordinary connective tissue

{n: fibroid tumor, fibroid} benign tumor containing fibrous tissue (especially in the uterus)

{n: fibroma} nonmalignant tumor of connective tissue

{n: fibromyositis} local inflammation of muscle and connective tissue

{n: fibrosis} development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ

{n: fibrositis} inflammation of white fibrous tissues (especially muscle sheaths)

{n: fibrous dysplasia of bone} a disturbance in which bone that is undergoing lysis is replaced by an abnormal proliferation of fibrous tissue resulting in bone lesions or skin lesions

{n: fibrous tissue} tissue consisting of or containing fibers in both animals and plants

{n: filariasis} a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels

{n: filaria} slender threadlike roundworms living in the blood and tissues of vertebrates; transmitted as larvae by biting insects

{n: firmness, soundness} the muscle tone of healthy tissue
"his muscular firmness"
<-> unsoundness

{n: fixation, fixing} (histology) the preservation and hardening of a tissue sample to retain as nearly as possible the same relations they had in the living body

{n: fixative} a compound (such as ethanol or formaldehyde) that fixes tissues and cells for microscopic study

{n: flag smut fungus} a smut fungus causing a smut in cereals and other grasses that chiefly affects leaves and stems and is characterized chains of sori within the plant tissue that later rupture releasing black masses of spores

{n: flap} a movable piece of tissue partly connected to the body

{n: flesh} the soft tissue of the body of a vertebrate: mainly muscle tissue and fat

{n: food, nutrient} any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue

{n: fracture, break} breaking of hard tissue such as bone
"it was a nasty fracture"
"the break seems to have been caused by a fall"

{n: freeze-drying, lyophilization, lyophilisation} a method of drying food or blood plasma or pharmaceuticals or tissue without destroying their physical structure; material is frozen and then warmed in a vacuum so that the ice sublimes

{n: frostbite, cryopathy} destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene

{n: gall} abnormal swelling of plant tissue caused by insects or microorganisms or injury

{n: gangrene, sphacelus, slough} necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass

{n: gas gangrene, clostridial myonecrosis, emphysematous gangrene, emphysematous phlegmon, gangrenous emphysema, gas phlegmon, progressive emphysematous necrosis} (pathology) a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death; can be used as a bioweapon

{n: gelatin, gelatine} a colorless water-soluble glutinous protein obtained from animal tissues such as bone and skin

{n: genetic profiling, genetic fingerprinting} the procedure of analyzing the DNA in samples of a person's body tissue or body fluid for the purpose of identification

{n: germ} a small apparently simple structure (as a fertilized egg) from which new tissue can develop into a complete organism

{n: gingiva, gum} the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth

{n: glans clitoridis} small mass of erectile tissue at the end of the body of the clitoris

{n: glans penis} the conical mass of erectile tissue that forms the head of the penis

{n: graft, transplant} (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient

{n: granulation, granulation tissue} new connective tissue and tiny blood vessels that form on the surfaces of a wound during the healing process

{n: granuloma} a tumor composed of granulation tissue resulting from injury or inflammation or infection

{n: grey matter, gray matter, grey substance, gray substance, substantia grisea} greyish nervous tissue containing cell bodies as well as fibers; forms the cerebral cortex consisting of unmyelinated neurons

{n: growth} (pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor)

{n: hardening} abnormal hardening or thickening of tissue

{n: hemochromatosis, iron-storage disease, iron overload, bronzed diabetes} pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues; characterized by bronzed skin and enlarged liver and diabetes mellitus and abnormalities of the pancreas and the joints

{n: hemoglobin, haemoglobin, Hb} a hemoprotein composed of globin and heme that gives red blood cells their characteristic color; function primarily to transport oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues
"fish have simpler hemoglobin than mammals"

{n: hernia, herniation} rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes

{n: heterograft, xenograft} tissue from an animal of one species used as a temporary graft (as in cases of severe burns) on an individual of another species

{n: histidine} an essential amino acid found in proteins that is important for the growth and repair of tissue

{n: histiocyte} a macrophage that is found in connective tissue

{n: histocompatibility} condition in which the cells of one tissue can survive in the presence of cells of another tissue
"a successful graft or transplant requires a high degree of histocompatibility"

{n: histoincompatibility} incompatibility in which one person's tissue cannot be transplanted to another person

{n: histologist} anatomist who specializes in the microscopic study of animal tissues

{n: histology} the branch of biology that studies the microscopic structure of animal or plant tissues

{n: homogenate} material that has been homogenized (especially tissue that has been ground and mixed)
"liver homogenate"

{n: homograft, allograft} tissue or organ transplanted from a donor of the same species but different genetic makeup; recipient's immune system must be suppressed to prevent rejection of the graft

{n: hormone, endocrine, internal secretion} the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect

{n: host} (medicine) recipient of transplanted tissue or organ from a donor

{n: hyaluronic acid} a viscous mucopolysaccharide found in the connective tissue space and the synovial fluid of movable joints and the humors of the eye; a cementing and protective substance

{n: hyaluronidase, spreading factor, Hyazyme} an enzyme (trade name Hyazyme) that splits hyaluronic acid and so lowers its viscosity and increases the permeability of connective tissue and the absorption of fluids

{n: hymen, maidenhead, virginal membrane} a fold of tissue that partly covers the entrance to the vagina of a virgin

{n: hypertonia, hypertonus, hypertonicity} (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypertonic
<-> hypotonia, hypotonicity, hypotonus

{n: hypotonia, hypotonus, hypotonicity} (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypotonic
<-> hypertonia, hypertonicity, hypertonus

{n: hypoxia} a very strong drive resulting from a deficiency of available oxygen in the blood and bodily tissues (short of anoxia)

{n: immune system} a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response

{n: immunofluorescence} (immunology) a technique that uses antibodies linked to a fluorescent dye in order to study antigens in a sample of tissue

{n: immunoglobulin, Ig, immune serum globulin, immune gamma globulin, immune globulin} a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response

{n: immunohistochemistry} an assay that shows specific antigens in tissues by the use of markers that are either fluorescent dyes or enzymes (such as horseradish peroxidase)

{n: implant} a prosthesis placed permanently in tissue

{n: incision, section, surgical incision} the cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as part of an operation)

{n: incompatibility} (immunology) the degree to which the body's immune system will try to reject foreign material (as transfused blood or transplanted tissue)

{n: infection} (medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease

{n: inflammation, redness, rubor} a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat

{n: infusion} (medicine) the passive introduction of a substance (a fluid or drug or electrolyte) into a vein or between tissues (as by gravitational force)

{n: interstice} a small structural space between tissues or parts of an organ
"the interstices of a network"

{n: interstitial pneumonia} chronic lung disease affecting the interstitial tissue of the lungs

{n: interstitial tissue} tissue between the cells of a structure or part in plant or animal

{n: iontophoresis, ionic medication, iontotherapy, electromotive drug administration, EMDA} therapy that uses a local electric current to introduce the ions of a medicine into the tissues

{n: isoantibody, alloantibody} an antibody that occurs naturally against foreign tissues from a person of the same species

{n: isthmus, band} a cord-like tissue connecting two larger parts of an anatomical structure

{n: juice} the liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue

{n: keloid, cheloid} raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury; results from excessive tissue repair

{n: keratin, ceratin} a fibrous scleroprotein that occurs in the outer layer of the skin and in horny tissues such as hair feathers nails and hooves

{n: keratoplasty, corneal graft, corneal transplant} a surgical procedure in which part or all of a damaged or diseased cornea is replaced by healthy corneal tissue from a donor

{n: kernicterus} an abnormal accumulation of bile pigment in the brain and other nerve tissue; causes yellow staining and tissue damage

{n: kite} plaything consisting of a light frame covered with tissue paper; flown in wind at end of a string

{n: kuru} a progressive disease of the central nervous system marked by increasing lack of coordination and advancing to paralysis and death within a year of the appearance of symptoms; thought to have been transmitted by cannibalistic consumption of diseased brain tissue since the disease virtually disappeared when cannibalism was abandoned

{n: laminitis, founder} inflammation of the laminated tissue that attaches the hoof to the foot of a horse

{n: lard} soft white semisolid fat obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the hog

{n: leaf miner, leaf-miner} any of various small moths or dipterous flies whose larvae burrow into and feed on leaf tissue especially of the family Gracilariidae

{n: lenticel} one of many raised pores on the stems of woody plants that allow the interchange of gas between the atmosphere and the interior tissue

{n: leukemia, leukaemia, leucaemia, cancer of the blood} malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer

{n: ligament} a sheet or band of tough fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages or supporting muscles or organs

{n: lignum} woody tissue

{n: lipectomy, selective lipectomy} plastic surgery involving the breakdown and suction of fatty tissue

{n: lipoma, adipose tumor} a tumor consisting of fatty tissue

{n: lip} fleshy folds of tissue as those surrounding the mouth

{n: lumpectomy} surgical removal of a tumor without removing much of the surrounding tissue or lymph nodes; performed in some cases of breast cancer

{n: lupus erythematosus, LE} a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)

{n: lymphatic system, systema lymphaticum} the interconnected system of spaces and vessels between body tissues and organs by which lymph circulates throughout the body

{n: lymphatic tissue, lymphoid tissue} tissue making up the lymphatic system

{n: lymphedema} swelling (usually in the legs) caused by lymph accumulating in the tissues

{n: lymphocytic leukemia} leukemia characterized by enlargement of lymphoid tissues and lymphocytic cells in the circulating blood

{n: lymphoma} a neoplasm of lymph tissue that is usually malignant; one of the four major types of cancer

{n: malacia} a state of abnormal softening of tissue

{n: mammogram} X-ray film of the soft tissue of the breast

{n: marrow, bone marrow} the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones

{n: marrow, bone marrow} very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones

{n: mass-action principle, mass action} (neruology) the principle that the cortex of the brain operates as a coordinated system with large masses of neural tissue involved in all complex functioning

{n: mast cell, mastocyte, labrocyte} a large connective tissue cell that contains histamine and heparin and serotonin which are released in allergic reactions or in response to injury or inflammation

{n: matrix, intercellular substance, ground substance} the body substance in which tissue cells are embedded

{n: matrix} the formative tissue at the base of a nail

{n: membrane bone} any bone that develops within membranous tissue without previous cartilage formation; e.g. the clavicle and bones of the skull

{n: membrane, tissue layer} a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects organs or cells of animals

{n: meningitis} infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea

{n: meningocele} a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)

{n: meristem} undifferentiated tissue from which new cells are formed, as at the tip of a stem or root

{n: mesenchyme} mesodermal tissue that forms connective tissue and blood and smooth muscles

{n: mesoderm, mesoblast} the middle germ layer that develops into muscle and bone and cartilage and blood and connective tissue

{n: microgliacyte} a cell of the microglia that may become phagocytic and collect waste products of nerve tissue

{n: microglia} neuroglial tissue of mesodermal origin that can become phagocytic

{n: microscopic anatomy} the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs

{n: mons, mons veneris, mons pubis} a mound of fatty tissue covering the pubic area in women

{n: mucopolysaccharide} complex polysaccharides containing an amino group; occur chiefly as components of connective tissue

{n: mucopolysaccharidosis} any of a group of genetic disorders involving a defect in the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides resulting in greater than normal levels of mucopolysaccharides in tissues

{n: muscle, muscular tissue} animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells

{n: musculoskeletal system} the system of muscles and tendons and ligaments and bones and joints and associated tissues that move the body and maintain its form

{n: myeloblastic leukemia} a malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by numerous myeloblasts in the blood stream

{n: myelocytic leukemia, granulocytic leukemia} a malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; marked by proliferation of myelocytes and their presence in the blood

{n: myocardial infarction, myocardial infarct, MI} destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle

{n: myocardial inflammation, myocarditis} inflammation of the myocardium (the muscular tissue of the heart)

{n: myoglobin} a hemoprotein that receives oxygen from hemoglobin and stores it in the tissues until needed

{n: myoma} a benign tumor composed of muscle tissue

{n: myosarcoma} sarcoma of muscle tissue

{n: myositis} inflammation of muscle tissue

{n: myringoplasty} surgical repair of a perforated eardrum with a tissue graft

{n: myxoma} a benign tumor of connective tissue containing jellylike material

{n: naprapathy} a drugless method of treatment based on the belief that disease symptoms arise from problems with ligaments and connective tissues

{n: necrolysis} disintegration and dissolution of dead tissue

{n: necrotizing enterocolitis, NEC} an acute inflammatory disease occurring in the intestines of premature infants; necrosis of intestinal tissue may follow

{n: needle biopsy} biopsy of deep tissue that is obtained through a hollow needle

{n: nerve, nervus} any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body

{n: nervous tissue, nerve tissue} tissue composed of neurons

{n: neural tube} a tube of ectodermal tissue in the embryo from which the brain and spinal cord develop

{n: neurogenesis} the development of nerve tissues

{n: neuroglia, glia} sustentacular tissue that surrounds and supports neurons in the central nervous system; glial and neural cells together compose the tissue of the central nervous system

{n: neurosarcoma, malignant neuroma} a malignant neoplasm of nerve tissue and fibrous tissue and connective tissue

{n: neurotoxin, neurolysin} any toxin that affects neural tissues

{n: neurotropism} an affinity for neural tissues

{n: nitrogen, N, atomic number 7} a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues

{n: noli-me-tangere} a cancerous ulcer of soft tissue and bone

{n: nonvascular organism} organisms without vascular tissue: e.g. algae, lichens, fungi, mosses

{n: nude mouse} a mouse with a genetic defect that prevents them from growing hair and also prevents them from immunologically rejecting human cells and tissues; widely used in preclinical trials

{n: ochronosis} an accumulation of dark pigment in cartilage and other connective tissue; usually a symptom of alkaptonuria or phenol poisoning

{n: oligodendroglia, oligodendria} tissue consisting of glial cells with sheetlike processes that form the myelin sheath of nerve fibers

{n: ossification} the calcification of soft tissue into a bonelike material

{n: osteoblastoma} benign tumor of bone and fibrous tissue; occurs in the vertebrae or femur or tibia or arm bones (especially in young adults)

{n: osteoclast} cell that functions in the breakdown and resorption of bone tissue

{n: osteogenesis imperfecta} autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue characterized by brittle bones that fracture easily

{n: osteoma} a slow growing benign tumor of consisting of bone tissue; usually on the skull or mandible

{n: osteoporosis} abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women

{n: ovotestis} hermaphroditic gonad that contains both testicular and ovarian tissue

{n: pacemaker, cardiac pacemaker, sinoatrial node, SA node} a specialized bit of heart tissue that controls the heartbeat

{n: palatopharyngoplasty, PPP, uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, UPPP} surgical resection of unnecessary palatal and oropharyngeal tissue to open the airway; intended to cure extreme cases of snoring (with or without sleep apnea)

{n: papilla} a small projection of tissue at the base of a hair or tooth or feather

{n: parametritis} inflammation of connective tissue adjacent to the uterus

{n: parenchyma} animal tissue that constitutes the essential part of an organ as contrasted with e.g. connective tissue and blood vessels

{n: parenchyma} the primary tissue of higher plants composed of thin-walled cells that remain capable of cell division even when mature; constitutes the greater part of leaves, roots, the pulp of fruits, and the pith of stems

{n: paronychia} infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe

{n: pars intermedia} a thin piece of tissue that has become part of the posterior pituitary

{n: peduncle} the thin process of tissue that attaches a polyp to the body

{n: perfusion} pumping a liquid into an organ or tissue (especially by way of blood vessels)

{n: periarteritis nodosa, polyarteritis nodosa} a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries; nodules may block the artery and result in inadequate circulation to the particular area

{n: perimysium} the sheath of connective tissue that covers a bundle of muscle fibers

{n: perineurium} the sheath of connective tissue that covers a bundle of nerve fibers

{n: perisperm} the nutritive tissue outside the sac containing the embryo in some seeds

{n: perithelium} tissue layer around small blood vessels

{n: pharyngeal tonsil, adenoid, Luschka's tonsil, third tonsil, tonsilla pharyngealis, tonsilla adenoidea} a collection of lymphatic tissue in the throat behind the uvula (on the posterior wall and roof of the nasopharynx)
"hypertrophy of the pharyngeal tonsils is called adenoids"
"enlarged adenoids may restrict the breathing of children"

{n: phellem, cork} (botany) outer tissue of bark; a protective layer of dead cells

{n: phloem, bast} (botany) tissue that conducts synthesized food substances (e.g., from leaves) to parts where needed; consists primarily of sieve tubes

{n: photocoagulation} surgical procedure that uses an intense laser beam to destroy diseased retinal tissue or to make a scar that will hold the retina in cases of detached retina

{n: phyllo} tissue thin sheets of pastry used especially in Greek dishes

{n: physiological sphincter} a sphincter that is not recognizable at autopsy because its resting arrangement cannot be distinguished from adjacent tissue

{n: pigmentation} coloration of living tissues by pigment
<-> depigmentation

{n: pinguecula} a slightly elevated elastic tissue deposit in the conjunctiva that may extend to the cornea but does not cover it

{n: plant tissue} the tissue of a plant

{n: plastic surgery, reconstructive surgery, anaplasty} surgery concerned with therapeutic or cosmetic reformation of tissue

{n: plastination} a process involving fixation and dehydration and forced impregnation and hardening of biological tissues; water and lipids are replaced by curable polymers (silicone or epoxy or polyester) that are subsequently hardened
"the plastination of specimens is valuable for research and teaching"

{n: porphyrin} any of various pigments distributed widely in living tissues

{n: positron emission tomography, PET} using a computerized radiographic technique to examine the metabolic activity in various tissues (especially in the brain)

{n: potato scab bacteria, Streptomyces scabies} cause of a potato disease characterized by brownish corky tissue

{n: prostaglandin} a potent substance that acts like a hormone and is found in many bodily tissues (and especially in semen); produced in response to trauma and may affect blood pressure and metabolism and smooth muscle activity

{n: protective fold} a flap of tissue that protects what it covers

{n: protein} any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
"a diet high in protein"

{n: proud flesh} the swollen tissue around a healing wound or ulcer

{n: provitamin} vitamin precursor; a substance that is converted into a vitamin in animal tissues

{n: psammoma, sand tumor} a tumor derived from fibrous tissue of the meninges or choroid plexus or certain other structures associated with the brain; characterized by sandlike particles

{n: pteridophyte, nonflowering plant} plants having vascular tissue and reproducing by spores

{n: quinsy, peritonsillar abscess} a painful pus filled inflammation of the tonsils and surrounding tissues; usually a complication of tonsillitis

{n: raw wound} a wound that exposes subcutaneous tissue

{n: receptor} a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response

{n: red blood cell, RBC, erythrocyte} a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the bodily tissues; a biconcave disc that has no nucleus

{n: regeneration} (biology) growth anew of lost tissue or destroyed parts or organs

{n: reproductive system, genital system} organs and tissues involved in the production and maturation of gametes and in their union and subsequent development as offspring

{n: respiration, internal respiration, cellular respiration} the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules; processes that take place in the cells and tissues during which energy is released and carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be transported to the lungs

{n: respiratory syncytial virus} a paramyxovirus that forms syncytia in tissue culture and that is responsible for severe respiratory diseases such as bronchiolitis and bronchial pneumonia (especially in children)

{n: rheumatism} any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues

{n: sarcoma} a usually malignant tumor arising from connective tissue (bone or muscle etc.); one of the four major types of cancer

{n: sawfly} insect whose female has a saw-like ovipositor for inserting eggs into the leaf or stem tissue of a host plant

{n: scar tissue} the connective tissue that forms a scar; consists of fibroblasts in new scars and collagen fibers in old scars

{n: scar, cicatrix, cicatrice} a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue

{n: scleredema} a skin disease marked by hard edema of the tissue usually beginning in the face


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