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synthesis

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synthesis [ 'sinθisis] n.合成;综合,综合物

合成 [hé chéng] /compound/synthesis/mixture/

综合性 [zōng hé xìng] /synthesis/

{adj: synthetic, synthetical} involving or of the nature of synthesis (combining separate elements to form a coherent whole) as opposed to analysis
"limnology is essentially a synthetic science composed of elements...that extend well beyond the limits of biology"- P.S.Welch
<-> analytic

{adv: synthetically} by synthesis; in a synthetic manner
"some of these drugs have been derived from opium and others have been produced synthetically"

{adv: unmistakably} without possibility of mistake
"this watercolor is unmistakably a synthesis of nature"

{n: Fischer, Hans Fischer} German chemist noted for his synthesis of hemin (1881-1945)

{n: Manichaeism, Manichaeanism} a religion founded by Manes the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity; spread widely in the Roman Empire but had largely died out by 1000

{n: Ochoa, Severo Ochoa} United States biochemist (born in Spain) who studied the biological synthesis of nucleic acids (born in 1905)

{n: acetamide, ethanamide} a colorless solid amide of acetic acid used as a solvent and in the synthesis of organic compounds

{n: acetylene, ethyne, alkyne} a colorless flammable gas used chiefly in welding and in organic synthesis

{n: alpha-tocopheral} a potent form of vitamin E obtained from germ oils or by synthesis

{n: amyl alcohol} a mixture of 2 or more isomeric alcohols; used as a solvent and in organic synthesis

{n: anabolism, constructive metabolism} the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
<-> catabolism

{n: analysis, analytic thinking} the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations
<-> synthesis

{n: arsine} a poisonous colorless flammable gas used in organic synthesis and to dope transistors and as a poison gas in warfare

{n: chemosynthesis} synthesis of carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water; limited to certain bacteria and fungi

{n: construction, mental synthesis} the creation of a construct; the process of combining ideas into a congruous object of thought

{n: crystallization} a mental synthesis that becomes fixed or concrete by a process resembling crystal formation

{n: deduction, deductive reasoning, synthesis} reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)

{n: fabrication, manufacture} the act of making something (a product) from raw materials
"the synthesis and fabrication of single crystals"
"an improvement in the manufacture of explosives"
"manufacturing is vital to Great Britain"

{n: furan, furane, furfuran} a colorless toxic flammable liquid used in the synthesis of nylon

{n: gammopathy} a disturbance in the synthesis of immunoglobulins; proteins having antibody activity increase greatly in the blood

{n: hydrocyanic acid, prussic acid} a solution of hydrogen cyanide in water; weak solutions are used in fumigating and in the synthesis of organic compounds

{n: messenger RNA, mRNA, template RNA, informational RNA} the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell

{n: microsome} a tiny granule in the cytoplasm that is where protein synthesis takes place under the direction of mRNA

{n: naphthalene} a white crystalline strong-smelling hydrocarbon made from coal tar or petroleum and used in organic synthesis and as a fumigant in mothballs

{n: nucleolus, nucleole} a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus; such organelles contain RNA and are involved in protein synthesis

{n: nucleosynthesis} (astronomy) the cosmic synthesis of atoms more complex than the hydrogen atom

{n: photosynthesis} synthesis of compounds with the aid of radiant energy (especially in plants)

{n: potassium iodide} a crystalline salt in organic synthesis and in making photographic emulsions and in iodized table salt

{n: propylene, propene} a flammable gas obtained by cracking petroleum; used in organic synthesis

{n: ribosome} an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell; they attach to mRNA and move down it one codon at a time and then stop until tRNA brings the required amino acid; when it reaches a stop codon it falls apart and releases the completed protein molecule for use by the cell
"the ribosome is the site of protein synthesis"

{n: serine} a sweetish crystalline amino acid involved in the synthesis by the body of cysteine

{n: synthesis, synthetic thinking} the combination of ideas into a complex whole
<-> analysis

{n: synthesis} the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds)

{n: thalassemia, thalassaemia, Mediterranean anemia, Mediterranean anaemia} an inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin

{n: triplet code} the normal version of the genetic code in which a sequence of three nucleotides codes for the synthesis of a specific amino acid

{v: synthesize} combine and form a synthesis

{v: translate} genetics: determine the amino-acid sequence of a protein during its synthesis by using information on the messenger RNA

How do they know when to turn on and off the synthesis of particular proteins?
基因如何知道何时开始和结束某些蛋白质的合成呢?

How, scientists wondered, could a genetic mutation that causes a slowdown in the removal of LDL's from the blood also result in an increase in the synthesis of this cholesterol-carrying protein?
科学家感到纳闷,致使LDL's从血液中被去除掉的速度趋于滞缓的基因突变(genetic mutation),何以也会导致这种携带着胆固醇的蛋白质合成的增加呢?

HS2936
Provitamins and vitamins, natural or reproduced by synthesis ( including natural concentrates
维生素原和维生素及其作维生素的衍生物等

HS2937
Hormones, natural or reproduced by synthesis; derivatives thereof, used primarily as hormones
激素、前列腺素等及其衍生物和结构类似物

HS29379000
Other hormones, natural or reproduced by synthesis, nes
其他天然或合成再制的激素,包括改性链多肽

HS2938
Glycosides, natural or reproduced by synthesis, and their salts, ethers, esters and other der
天然或合成再制的苷及其盐、醚、酯等衍生物

HS2939
Vegetable alkaloids, natural or reproduced by synthesis, and their salts, ethers, esters and
生物碱及其盐、醚、酯等衍生物

spsc-41105903
Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid cDNA synthesis kits
反转录DNA合成装置

spsc-81141502
Materials synthesis
材料合成

E25
Adrenogenital disorders
Includes: adrenogenital syndromes, virilizing or feminizing,
whether acquired or due to adrenal hyperplasia consequent on inborn enzyme defects in
hormone synthesis
female:
. adrenal pseudohermaphroditism
. heterosexual precocious pseudopuberty
male:
. isosexual precocious pseudopuberty
. macrogenitosomia praecox
. sexual precocity with adrenal hyperplasia
virilization (female)
肾上皮性生殖异常
包含 : 肾上皮性生殖徵候群、男性化或女性化 , 不
管是後天性或起因於先天性激素合成酵素缺陷的肾
上腺增生
女性 :
. 肾上腺假阴阳症 
. 异性早熟性假青春期
男性 :
. 同性早熟性假青春期
. 早熟性巨生殖器巨体
    . 伴有肾上腺增生之性早熟
男性化 ( 女性 )

kinematic synthesis 运动综合

synthesis of mechanism 机构综合

Protein synthesis 蛋白质合成

Synthesis 合成作用

asymmetric synthesis 不对称合成

automatic synthesis 自动合成

biomimetic synthesis 仿生合成

complete synthesis 全合成

convergent synthesis 汇集合成

custom synthesis 委托合成

de novo synthesis 从头合成

enzymatic peptide synthesis 酶(促)多肽合成

enzymatic synthesis 酶(促)合成

Fourier synthesis 傅里叶合成

Merrifield synthesis Merrifield合成法[于1963年提出而至今仍广泛采用的固相多肽合成方案]

氨合成催化剂 Ammonia Synthesis Catalyst


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