英语学习词典
  

stress

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stress [ stres] n.压力;重音 vt.着重

高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness

三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)

五讲四美三热爱 the movement of "five stresses, four points of beauty and three loves"(The five stresses are: stress on decorum, manners, hygiene, discipline and morals. The four points of beauty are: beauty of the mind, language, behavior adn the enviornment. The three loves are: love of the motherland, socialism and the Communist Party.)

德才兼备 to combine ability with character; equal stress on integrity and ability

紧张 stress

“五讲四美” five stresses and four points of beauty

Since it is unnecessary to consider student's routine life, day school can lay stress on teaching instead of other aspects, such as management of dormitory and cafeteria.
由于无需考虑学生的日常生活,日制学校可以将重点放在教学上而不是放在像宿舍和食堂管理这些方面。

Additional social stresses may also occur because of the population explosion or problems arising from mass migration movements-themselves made relatively easy nowadays by modern means of transport.
由于人口的猛增或大量人口流动(现代交通工具使这种流动相对容易)引发的种种问题也会对社会造成新的压力。

Multi-axial stress 多轴向应力

Stress at definite elongation 定伸应力

Twisting stress 扭胁强, 扭应力

Upper yield stress 上屈服应力

Vibratory stress 振动应力

Warping stress 翘曲应力

Yield point under bending stress 弯曲应力下的屈服点

Yield stress 屈服应力, 屈服点

Yield stress controlled bonding 屈服应力粘结

Many people believe that overweight results from overeating and stress.
很多人认为肥胖超重是因为吃得过多和压力造成的。

The examination put a lot of stress on him.
那次考试给了他很大的压力。

He suffered from great stress.
他受到很大压力。

the stresses and strains of modern life
现代生活的紧张和压力

He feels that there is not enough stress on drawing at the school.
他认为学校对绘画重视不够。

He stressed the need of careful planning.
他强调要精心计划。

The word "machine" is stressed on its second syllable. "machine"
这个词第二个音节读重音。

In five years the stress of her father's sickness transformed the happy young girl into a sad and unhappy woman.
五年来,父亲生病所造成的压力,把她从一个快乐的小姑娘变成了一个悲伤、忧郁的妇人。

Money problems place great stress on close family relationships.
钱的问题给亲密的家庭关系带来很大压力。

There is a lot of evidence that stress is partly responsible for disease.
有很多证据表明,压力是致病的部分原因。

The examination put a lot of stress on him.那次考试给了他很大的压力。

Many people believe that overweight results from overeating and stress.很多人认为肥胖超重是因为吃得过多和压力造成的。

Finally, other people may give us instrumental support——financial aid, material resources, and needed services-that reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.
最后,其他的人给我们提供物质性支持—经济援助,物质资料和必需服务—通过帮助我们处理问题来减轻我们的压力。

We must stress that these payment terms are very important to us.
我们必须强调这些付款条件对我们很重要。

Piezoelectric stress constant 压电应力常数

We must stress that these payment terms are very important to us.
我们必须强调这些付款条件对我们很重要。

A I think the quality of driving is worst at rush hour.
A 我想高峰时刻的驾驶质量是很低的。
B Rush hour is really bad! I think it’s because everybody wants to get home from work.
B 高峰时刻太糟了!我想这是因为大家都要在下班后赶回家。
A Yes. Everyone seems so stressed and bad-tempered.
A 是的,似乎每个人压力都很大,脾气都很坏。
B You can really sense that everyone is in a bad mood in heavy traffic.
B 在交通拥挤的时候你能真切地感觉到大家的情绪都很糟糕。
A I know. I guess it’s because they’re in a hurry but not moving very fast.
A 我知道。我想这是因为他们都很着急,但是又都移动得非常缓慢。
B That’s when accidents happen.
B 事故就发生在这个时候。

When something sensational happens to us, sharing the happiness of the occasion with friends intensifies our joy. Conversely, in times of trouble and tension, when our spirits are low, unburdening our worries and fears to compassionate friends alleviates the stress.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, American thinker
欣逢喜事,与朋友分享其乐,喜上加喜。反之,身处逆境,情绪颓丧,向富有同情心的朋友倾诉愁苦才会减轻痛苦。
美国思想家爱默生.R.W.

啊 [á] /an interjection/to express doubt or to question/to show realization/to stress/

并重 [bìng zhòng] /lay equal stress on/pay equal attention to/

风潮 [fēng cháo] /campaign/storm and stress/

强调 [qiáng diào] /to emphasize (a statement)/to stress/

重音 [zhòng yīn] /accent/stress/

着重 [zhuó zhòng] /put emphasis on/to stress/to emphasize/

I have discovered, as perhaps Kelsey will after her much-publicized resignation from the editorship of She after a build-up of stress, that abandoning the doctrine of "juggling your life", and making the alternative move into “downshifting” brings with it far greater rewards than financial success and social status.
我已经发现(由于压力过大,凯茜已多次公开宣称要辞去《她》杂志编辑的职务,在这之后她也许会有同样发现),放弃“忙忙碌碌”的生活哲学,转而过一种“放慢生活节奏”的生活所带来的回报,比经济成功和社会地位更有价值。
Nothing could persuade me to return to the kind of life Kelsey used to advocate and I once enjoyed: 12-hour working days, pressured deadlines, the fearful strain of office politics and the limitations of being a parent on "quality time".
什么也说服不了我回到过去那种凯茜所宣扬的、我也曾自得其乐的生活中去:每天12小时的工作日,压得人喘不过气来的最后期限,可怕而紧张的办公室的争权夺利,以及因为时间有限连做母亲也得“高效率”所造成的种种限制。

This speeding up of life, says the Futurist, requires a new form of expression.
未来派诗人声称,这种加速的生活节奏需要一种新的表达形式。
We must speed up our literature too, if we want to interpret modern stress.
如果我们想诠释现代生活的压力,就必须加快文学发展的步伐。
We must pour out a large stream of essential words, unhampered by stops, or qualifying adjectives, of finite verbs.
我们必须大量使用基本词汇,摆脱句号,修饰性形容词及限定动词的羁绊。

While often praised by foreigners for its emphasis on the basics, Japanese education tends to stress test taking and mechanical learning over creativity and self-expression.
虽然日本的教育因强调基础知识而经常受到外国人的赞扬,但是它往往强调考试和机械学习,而不重视创造性和自我表现。
"Those things that do not show up in the test scores — personality, ability, courage or humanity are completely ignored," says Toshiki Kaifu, chairman of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party's education committee.
“在考分中得不到体现的那些东西——个性、能力、勇气或人性——完全被忽视,”执政的自民党教育委员会主席Toshiki Kaifu说,
"Frustration against this kind of thing leads kids to drop out and run wild."
“对这类事情灰心丧气,致使孩子辍学、放荡不羁。”

{adj: accentual} (of verse) having a metric system based on stress rather than syllables or quantity
"accentual poetry is based on the number of stresses in a line"
"accentual rhythm"
<-> quantitative, syllabic

{adj: accentual} of or pertaining to accent or stress

{adj: alliterative} having the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable
"alliterative verse"

{adj: assonant} having the same sound (especially the same vowel sound) occurring in successive stressed syllables
"note the assonant words and syllables in `tilting at windmills'"

{adj: assonant} having the same vowel sound occurring with different consonants in successive words or stressed syllables

{adj: atonic, unaccented} used of syllables
"an atonic syllable carries no stress"
<-> tonic

{adj: burned-out, burnt-out} exhausted as a result of longtime stress
"she was burned-out before she was 30"

{adj: centrifugal} tending away from centralization, as of authority
"the division of Europe into warring blocs produces ever-increasing centrifugal stress"

{adj: comfortable} free from stress or conducive to mental ease; having or affording peace of mind
"was settled in a comfortable job, one for which he was well prepared"
"the comfortable thought that nothing could go wrong"
"was comfortable in his religious beliefs"
"she's a comfortable person to be with"
"she felt comfortable with her fiance's parents"
<-> uncomfortable

{adj: composed} serenely self-possessed and free from agitation especially in times of stress
"the performer seemed completely composed as she stepped onto the stage"
"I felt calm and more composed than I had in a long time"
<-> discomposed

{adj: maladjusted} poorly adjusted to demands and stresses of daily living
"a maladjusted child"
<-> adjusted

{adj: prosodic} of or relating to the rhythmic aspect of language or to the suprasegmental phonemes of pitch and stress and juncture and nasalization and voicing

{adj: ragged} worn out from stress or strain
"run ragged"

{adj: recognizable} easily perceived; easy to become aware of
"this situation produces recognizable stress symptoms"

{adj: strained} under great stress
"her voice was strained as she asked the question"

{adj: stressed, accented} bearing a stress or accent
"an iambic foot consists of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable as in `delay'"
<-> unstressed

{adj: stressed, distressed, in a bad way} suffering severe physical strain or distress
"he dropped out of the race, clearly distressed and having difficulty breathing"
"the victim was in a bad way and needed immediate attention"

{adj: syllabic} (of verse) having lines based on number of syllables rather than on rhythmical arrangement of stresses or quantities
<-> accentual, quantitative

{adj: syncopated} stressing a normally weak beat

{adj: tensile} of or relating to tension
"tensile stress"
"tensile pull"

{adj: tolerant, resistant} able to tolerate environmental conditions or physiological stress
"the plant is tolerant of saltwater"
"these fish are quite tolerant as long as extremes of pH are avoided"
"the new hybrid is more resistant to drought"

{adj: tonic, accented} used of syllables
"a tonic syllables carries the main stress in a word"
<-> atonic

{adj: ultimate} being the last or concluding element of a series
"the ultimate sonata of that opus"
"a distinction between the verb and noun senses of `conflict' is that in the verb the stress is on the ultimate (or last) syllable"

{adj: unaccented, light, weak} used of vowels or syllables; pronounced with little or no stress
"a syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light syllable"
"a weak stress on the second syllable"

{adj: unstrained} not placed under psychological stress
"the campaign would not leave party loyalties unstrained"

{adj: unstressed} not bearing a stress or accent
"short vowels are unstressed"
<-> stressed

{adj: weak} likely to fail under stress or pressure
"the weak link in the chain"

{adv: calmly} with self-possession (especially in times of stress)
"he spoke calmly to the rioting students"

{adv: comfortably} in mental comfort; without stress
"he works comfortably on three continents"

{adv: unwarrantably} in an unwarrantable manner or to an unwarranted degree
"in this painting, the relationship of the upper part of the body to the lower is uneasy and the right thigh seems unwarrantably stressed"

{n: Bacon, Roger Bacon} English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)

{n: Bushido} traditional code of the Japanese samurai which stressed courage and loyalty and self-discipline and simple living

{n: Cezanne, Paul Cezanne} French Post-impressionist painter who influenced modern art (especially cubism) by stressing the structural components latent in nature (1839-1906)

{n: Hooke's law} (physics) the principle that (within the elastic limit) the stress applied to a solid is proportional to the strain produced

{n: Leninism, Marxism-Leninism} the political and economic theories of Lenin which provided the guiding doctrine of the Soviet Union; the modification of Marxism by Lenin stressed that imperialism is the highest form of capitalism (which shifts the struggle from developed to underdeveloped countries)

{n: Pietism} 17th and 18th-century German movement in the Lutheran Church stressing personal piety and devotion

{n: Robinson, James Harvey Robinson} United States historian who stressed the importance of intellectual and social events for the course of history (1863-1936)

{n: Trinitarianism} Christian doctrine stressing belief in the Trinity

{n: Turner, Frederick Jackson Turner} United States historian who stressed the role of the western frontier in American history (1861-1951)

{n: Unitarianism} Christian doctrine that stresses individual freedom of belief and rejects the Trinity

{n: accent, accent mark} a diacritical mark used to indicate stress or placed above a vowel to indicate a special pronunciation

{n: alliteration, initial rhyme, beginning rhyme, head rhyme} use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
"around the rock the ragged rascal ran"

{n: amphibrach} a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed-unstressed syllables (e.g., `remember')

{n: anapest, anapaest} a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed-stressed syllables

{n: assay, check} an appraisal of the state of affairs
"they made an assay of the contents"
"a check on its dependability under stress"

{n: assonance, vowel rhyme} the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

{n: battle fatigue, combat fatigue, combat neurosis, shell shock} a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare

{n: biomedicine} the branch of medical science that studies the ability of organisms to withstand environmental stress (as in space travel)

{n: breaking point} (psychology) stress at which a person breaks down or a situation becomes crucial

{n: breaking point} the degree of tension or stress at which something breaks

{n: coefficient of elasticity, modulus of elasticity, elastic modulus} (physics) the ratio of the applied stress to the change in shape of an elastic body

{n: comedy ballet} a ballet that stresses the drama with features of comedy

{n: composure, calm, calmness, equanimity} steadiness of mind under stress
"he accepted their problems with composure and she with equanimity"
<-> discomposure

{n: dactyl} a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed-unstressed syllables

{n: deformation} alteration in the shape or dimensions of an object as a result of the application of stress to it

{n: emphasis} special and significant stress by means of position or repetition e.g.

{n: endurance} the power to withstand hardship or stress
"the marathon tests a runner's endurance"

{n: epinephrine, epinephrin, adrenaline, Adrenalin} a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action

{n: escape, escapism} an inclination to retreat from unpleasant realities through diversion or fantasy
"romantic novels were her escape from the stress of daily life"
"his alcohol problem was a form of escapism"

{n: evangelicalism} stresses the importance of personal conversion and faith as the means of salvation

{n: fatigue fracture, stress fracture} fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury

{n: fatigue} used of materials (especially metals) in a weakened state caused by long stress
"metal fatigue"

{n: functionalism} any doctrine that stresses utility or purpose

{n: galvanic skin response, GSR, psychogalvanic response, electrodermal response, electrical skin response, Fere phenomenon, Tarchanoff phenomenon} a change in the electrical properties of the skin in response to stress or anxiety; can be measured either by recording the electrical resistance of the skin or by recording weak currents generated by the body

{n: hot seat} a difficult position where you are subjected to stress and criticism

{n: iamb, iambus} a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed syllables

{n: intellectualization, intellectualisation} (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that uses reasoning to block out emotional stress and conflict

{n: irritable bowel syndrome, spastic colon, mucous colitis} recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea (often alternating with periods of constipation); often associated with emotional stress

{n: lastingness, durability, enduringness, strength} permanence by virtue of the power to resist stress or force
"they advertised the durability of their products"

{n: low-fat diet} a diet containing limited amounts of fat and stressing foods high in carbohydrates; used in treatment of some gallbladder conditions

{n: margin of safety, safety margin, margin of error} the margin required in order to insure safety
"in engineering the margin of safety is the strength of the material minus the anticipated stress"

{n: oxytone} word having stress or an acute accent on the last syllable

{n: paroxytone} word having stress or acute accent on the next to last syllable

{n: peace, peacefulness, peace of mind, repose, serenity, heartsease, ataraxis} the absence of mental stress or anxiety

{n: performance} any recognized accomplishment
"they admired his performance under stress"
"when Roger Maris powered four home runs in one game his performance merits awe"

{n: physical education} training in the development of and care for the human body; stresses athletics; includes hygiene

{n: piezoelectricity, piezoelectric effect, piezo effect} electricity produced by mechanical pressure on certain crystals (notably quartz or Rochelle salt); alternatively, electrostatic stress produces a change in the linear dimensions of the crystal

{n: pilomotor reflex, gooseflesh, goose bump, goosebump, goose pimple, goose skin, horripilation} reflex erection of hairs of the skin in response to cold or emotional stress or skin irritation

{n: posttraumatic stress disorder, PTSD} an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images

{n: proparoxytone} word having stress or acute accent on the antepenult

{n: prosody, inflection} the patterns of stress and intonation in a language

{n: pulmonary reserve} the additional volume of air that the lungs can inhale and exhale when breathing to the limit of capacity in times of stress

{n: reinforced concrete, ferroconcrete} concrete with metal and/or mesh added to provide extra support against stresses

{n: repose, quiet, placidity, serenity, tranquillity, tranquility} a disposition free from stress or emotion

{n: rest-cure} rest as a medical treatment for stress or anxiety etc.

{n: rhythm, speech rhythm} the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements
"the rhythm of Frost's poetry"

{n: safety factor, factor of safety} the ratio of the breaking stress of a structure to the estimated maximum stress in ordinary use

{n: sentence stress} the distribution of stresses within a sentence

{n: solid, solidness, solid state} the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it; and retains a definite size and shape

{n: spondee} a metrical unit with stressed-stressed syllables

{n: strain, mental strain, nervous strain} (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress
"his responsibilities were a constant strain"
"the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"

{n: stress incontinence} urinary incontinence that occurs when involuntary pressure is put on the bladder by coughing or laughing or sneezing or lifting or straining

{n: stress mark} a mark indicating the stress on a syllable

{n: stress test} a test measuring how a system functions when subjected to controlled amounts of stress

{n: stress, emphasis, accent} the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)
"he put the stress on the wrong syllable"

{n: stress, focus} special emphasis attached to something
"the stress was more on accuracy than on speed"

{n: stress, strain} difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
"she endured the stresses and strains of life"
"he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson

{n: stressor} any agent that causes stress to an organism

{n: stress} (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body
"the intensity of stress is expressed in units of force divided by units of area"

{n: supply-side economics} the school of economic theory that stresses the costs of production as a means of stimulating the economy; advocates policies that raise capital and labor output by increasing the incentive to produce

{n: tensile strength} the strength of material expressed as the greatest longitudinal stress it can bear without tearing apart

{n: tension headache} a headache located at the back of the head; usually caused by body tension resulting from overwork or psychological stress

{n: tension, tenseness, stress} (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense
"he suffered from fatigue and emotional tension"
"stress is a vasoconstrictor"

{n: tension} (physics) a stress that produces an elongation of an elastic physical body
"the direction of maximum tension moves asymptotically toward the direction of the shear"

{n: theater of the absurd} plays stressing the irrational or illogical aspects of life, usually to show that modern life is pointless
"Samuel Beckett and Eugene Ionesco have written plays for the theater of the absurd"

{n: tranquilizer, tranquillizer, tranquilliser, antianxiety agent, ataractic drug, ataractic agent, ataractic} a drug used to reduce stress or tension without reducing mental clarity

{n: treadmill test} a stress test in which the patient walks on a moving treadmill while the heart and breathing rates are monitored

{n: tremor} shaking or trembling (usually resulting from weakness or stress or disease)

{n: trochee} a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed syllables

{n: type II diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, ketosis-resistant diabetes mellitus, ketosis-resistant diabetes, ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes mellitus, ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes, adult-onset diabetes mellitus, adult-onset diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes mellitus, maturity-onset diabetes, mature-onset diabetes} mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors; can usually be controlled by diet and hypoglycemic agents without injections of insulin

{n: urinary hesitancy} difficulty in beginning the flow of urine; associated with prostate enlargement in men and with narrowing of the urethral opening in women; may be caused by emotional stress in either men or women

{n: vasoconstrictor, vasoconstrictive, pressor} any agent that causes a narrowing of an opening of a blood vessel: cold or stress or nicotine or epinephrine or norepinephrine or angiotensin or vasopressin or certain drugs; maintains or increases blood pressure

{n: weakness} the property of lacking physical or mental strength; liability to failure under pressure or stress or strain
"his weakness increased as he became older"
"the weakness of the span was overlooked until it collapsed"
<-> strength

{n: whiteness} lightness or fairness of complexion
"only the whiteness of her cheeks gave any indication of the stress from which she was suffering"

{n: word stress, word accent} the distribution of stresses within a polysyllabic word

{v: break} be broken in
"If the new teacher won't break, we'll add some stress"

{v: deform, distort, strain} alter the shape of (something) by stress
"His body was deformed by leprosy"

{v: give, yield} be flexible under stress of physical force
"This material doesn't give"

{v: kill} tire out completely
"The daily stress of her work is killing her"

{v: overdrive} drive or work too hard
"The teacher is overworking his students"
"Overdriving people often suffer stress"

{v: relieve} alleviate or remove
"relieve the pressure and the stress"

{v: stress, accent, accentuate} put stress on ; utter with an accent
"In Farsi, you accent the last syllable of each word"

{v: stress, emphasize, emphasise, punctuate, accent, accentuate} to stress, single out as important
"Dr. Jones emphasizes exercise in addition to a change in diet"

{v: syncopate} modify the rhythm by stressing or accenting a weak beat

{v: tire, wear upon, tire out, wear, weary, jade, wear out, outwear, wear down, fag out, fag, fatigue} exhaust or tire through overuse or great strain or stress
"We wore ourselves out on this hike"
<-> refresh

{v: topicalize} emphasize by putting have stress on or by moving to the front of the sentence
"Speakers topicalize more often than they realize"
"The object of the sentence is topicalized in what linguists call `Yiddish Movement'"

{v: try, strain, stress} test the limits of
"You are trying my patience!"

{v: wear, wear off, wear out, wear thin} deteriorate through use or stress
"The constant friction wore out the cloth"

The garden offered Monet the kind of refuge from the stress of daily life that many people share when looking at his paintings.
这座花园使莫奈得以摆脱日常生活的压力,人们在欣赏这些画的时候也会分享其恬静而美丽的气氛。

But walks of any length beat sitting at home with your feet up and watching television, they stress.
不过,他们强调说,不论步行的距离有多少,都比呆在家里架着双腿看电视要好得多。

Instead they 're trying to figure out how this cell growth can be controlled to treat everything from epilepsy to stress to depression.
他们正在努力弄清如何控制这种脑细胞的生长,以便治愈癫痫、精神紧张、抑郁症等疾玻

Some have observed that during stress, neurogenesis in the learning center of the brain in several animal species slows considerably - which may help explain depressive episodes that accompany stress.
一些科学家观察到,在紧张状态下,一些动物的大脑学习区内的神经形成速度明显放慢。这可以帮助我们解释抑郁为什么总是伴随紧张而来。

Between 1995 and 1999, the number of people calling in sick because of stress more than tripled.
1995至 1999年间,美国请病假的人增长了两倍多。

" Half of all Americans report some kind of stress, and 63% say they'd rather have more time off than more money, " says Robinson.
鲁宾逊说:近一半的美国人反映生活过于紧张, 63%的人可少赚点钱以换取更多的休息时间。

But he stresses that he is no prophet like Arthur C. Clarke.
但是他强调说自己不是阿瑟·克拉克那样的预言家。

SHOCKWAVE.COM Perfect for a midday break at the office, shockwave.com is chock-full of animated games( my favorite stress buster is Water Balloon Drop), cartoons( including Stan Lee's excellent 7th Portal and snippets from South Park) and music clips.
SHOCKWAVE.COM 非常棒的午间休息网站。该网站收有众多的动画游戏(我的最佳松弛游戏是投掷水气球),卡通片(包括斯坦李的杰作《第七大门》和《南方公园》中的片段)和其他音乐片段。

A prudent policy that stresses conservation and alternate energy sources seems to me to be wise insurance in an uncertain age.
在我看来,强调节约现有能源、寻求代替能源的谨慎的政策是这个不确定的年代中明智而安全的选择。

They want their parents less stressed and tired from work.
他们希望父母能少些压力,别为工作那么辛苦。

Instead, the most common wish( among 34% ) was that parents would be less stressed and tired by work.
最普遍的愿望(达到 34%)是:父母能少些工作上的压力,别那么辛苦。

In his 1976 study of slavery in the United States, Herbert Gutman, like Fogel, Engerman, and Genovese, has rightly stressed the slaves' achievements.
赫伯特·古特曼(Herbert Gutman)在其1976年对美国奴隶制度的研究中,如同福格尔(Fogel)、恩格曼(Engerman)、以及吉诺维斯(Genovese)那样,正确地强调了奴隶们所取得的成就。

Long before the Romantics stressed intuition and self-expression, the frenzy of inspiration was regarded as fundamental to art, but philosophers had always assumed it must be controlled by law and by the intellectual power of putting things into harmonious order.
早在浪漫主义艺术家强调直觉和自我表达之前,灵感的癫狂被视作艺术之根本,但哲学家一贯认为,它必须受制于规律法则,受制于那种将万物组织成和谐秩序的理性力量。

Increasingly, as in the individual studies of Lund, Round, and Reynolds, researchers began to stress the importance of environmental factors such as temperature, light, and water movements in controlling algal numbers.
正如在伦德、朗德、和雷诺兹(Lund,Round,and Reynolds)的单独研究中那样,科研人员开始越来越强调诸如温度光照、以及水的运动这类环境因素在控制水藻数量方面的重要性。

Ragtime style stresses a pattern of repeated rhythms, not the constant inventions and variations of jazz.
散拍乐风格强调一种由重复节奏构成的样式,而非爵士乐那种持续不断的自创发挥和变奏。

In general, excessive stress is placed on one factor or the other, depending on whether the commentator is North American or Puerto Rican.
普遍而言,人们过分强调其中一个因素而偏废另一个因素,取决于评论者到底是北美人还是波多黎各人。

But the Afghan leader stressed that the Taleban has no possibility of returning to power now. He said the disarmament process in his country has gone very well. The first phase was completed some weeks ago and almost 95 percent of the heavy weapons have been collected.
可是卡尔扎伊强调,塔利班绝不可能重掌政权。他说,解除塔利班武装的进程非常顺利。几个星期前,阿富汗完成了解除塔利班武装的第一阶段,缴获了将近95%的重型武器。

A senior U.S. official said his delegation would stay in Beijing "as long as it is useful" to stay. Officials stress, they cannot allow another 13-month-long gap to set in. The stakes, they say, are too high.
一位美国高级官员说,美国代表团将待在北京,“只有还能发挥作用,就一直待下去”。官员们强调说,他们不能容忍在本轮会谈结束之后再出现一次持续13个月的间断。他们说,其中的利害关系太大了。

The British prime minister said that as Iraq is being helped to establish democracy, efforts are also being made to build the capability of its security forces. As that capability grows, he added, the need for foreign troops to do the security work will diminish. The timetable for that, Mr. Blair stressed, is set by the job being done.
布莱尔说,国际社会在协助伊拉克建立民主的同时还协助伊拉克建立强大的安全部队。随着伊拉克安全部队力量的增强,外国军队留在伊拉克、提供安全的必要性就会减少。布莱尔说,外国军队撤离伊拉克的时间表取决于在伊拉克的工作成果。

Bush administration officials have gone to some length to stress their concern about the matter, including Secretary Rice who began a Senate appearance Thursday with an appeal to Muslims around the world to reject any incitement to violence by those who she said would mischaracterize U.S. intentions.
布什政府官员已经做出努力,强调他们对这一事件的关注。国务卿赖斯星期四在参议院出席听证会时,呼吁世界各地的穆斯林拒绝煽动,不要使用暴力的方式。她说,那些煽动者错误地描绘了美国的意图。

Administration officials have also stressed the elaborate procedures that have been put in place at the Guantanamo facility since it opened in 2002 to facilitate religious practice by Muslim detainees.
美国政府官员还强调指出,关塔纳摩湾监狱自2002年开始使用以来制订了非常详细的规则,以便满足穆斯林囚犯进行祷告的需要。

On the sidelines of the festivities, President Putin will oversee a weekend summit Sunday of leaders of the Commonwealth of Independent states - a grouping of former Soviet republics. He also hosts an EU-Russia Summit on Tuesday. Mr. Putin is also to hold talks with President Bush, who, U.S. officials say, will continue to stress U.S. concerns about democracy in Russia.
除了庆祝活动以外,普京总统将主持星期天召开的独联体国家首脑会议,这些都是前苏联加盟共和国。普京总统星期二还要主持欧盟同俄罗斯的高峰会。普京还会和布什总统会面。据美国官员透露,布什将继续向普京表达美国对俄罗斯实施民主的关切。

On other matters, the president once again stressed his support for his nominee to be U.N. Ambassador, John Bolton.
在其它问题上,布什总统重申了他对美国驻联合国大使提名人约翰·博尔顿的支持。

FAO official Samuel Jutzi stresses that H5N1 could turn into a virulent human strain at any time.
联合国粮农组织官员于茨强调说,H5N1病毒随时都可能转变成易传染的人体病毒。

Vietnam and the United States are both racing to develop human vaccines for H5N1, but until those vaccines are ready, officials stress that animal control is the only way to stop the disease in its tracks.
越南和美国正在加紧研制对付H5N1病毒的人体疫苗,但是官员们强调,在疫苗研制出来之前,禽类控制是防止病毒传播的唯一方法。

At his meeting with Mr. Powell, the new Ukrainian leader said his country's political breakthrough would not have happened without support from outside partners with shared values including the United States. But, Mr. Yushchenko stressed that Ukraine's new democracy is home-grown and independent.
这位乌克兰新领导人在与鲍威尔国务卿会晤时说,如果没有来自包括美国在内价值观一致的外在伙伴的支持,乌克兰的政治突破是不可能发生的。但是尤先科强调说,乌克兰新的民主制度是土生土长的、独立的。

This has become the cliché of an American Christmas - a shopping frenzy that boosts the earnings of stores across the United States, and leaves shoppers exhausted and stressed. But Christmas is more than that.
圣诞节期间,全美各地的消费者因疯狂购物而累得筋疲力尽,但也因此提高了商店的利润,每年圣诞节,人们似乎都是这么度过的。但是,圣诞节的内容远远不止这些。

But in a joint news appearance with Mr. Annan, Secretary Powell said he thinks the U.N. is doing a good job in its election work, stressing not the size of the U.N. contingent in the country, but the number of Iraqis who have been trained to run the voting.
不过,当鲍威尔这次和安南举行联合记者会时,鲍威尔说,他认为联合国在选举事务上表现良好,他所注重的不是在伊拉克的联合国工作人员数目,而是联合国人员为这次选举训练出来的伊拉克人的数目。

President Musharraf has stressed that resolving the Israeli-Palestinian dispute is crucial to Muslims and the war on terrorism. He told reporters it was the most important issue they discussed."I'm grateful for the extreme understanding that the president has shown towards the concerns of Pakistan," said General Musharraf.
穆沙拉夫总统强调,解决巴以争端对穆斯林世界以及反恐战争都非常重要。他告诉记者,这是他们讨论的最重要的议题。穆沙拉夫说:“对于布什总统对巴基斯坦关切的事情表达出非常深入的了解,我对此非常感激。”

During an appearance on the NBC television program, Meet the Press, Mr. Blair stressed the coalition will remain in Iraq until its mission is complete. "The exit strategy is a democratic Iraq, and if that happens, the impact on the whole region and, therefore, on our security, America and Britain, will be enormous," he said.
布莱尔在美国全国广播公司NBC的《同媒体见面》电视节目中强调,在使命完成之前,联军将一直留在伊拉克。布莱尔说:“我们撤离的原则是一个出现了民主的伊拉克之后。如果伊拉克实现民主,将给整个地区,将给我们的安全,将给美国和英国的安全带来巨大的影响。”

Top Bush administration officials say a plan is in place to deal with insurgents in Iraq. The president's foreign policy advisors stress the insurgency will not derail Iraqi elections scheduled for early 2005.
布什政府高层官员说,政府已经制定出一项对付伊拉克反叛活动的计划。总统的外交政策顾问强调说,反叛活动不会干扰伊拉克定于2005年初举行的大选。

She told ABC's This Week program that insurgents want to stop the political process in Iraq. But she stressed they will not succeed."There are some people who want to take Iraq back to the days of mass graves and torture chambers and seeking weapons of mass destruction and threatening its neighbors," she says. "It is not going to happen."
赖斯对美国广播公司的“本周”节目说,反叛分子想要阻止伊拉克的政治进程。但她强调说,他们是不会得逞的。赖斯说:“过去伊拉克有许多乱葬坑和酷刑室,萨达姆政权寻求制造大规模杀伤性武器,并且威胁伊拉克的邻国。有些人要把伊拉克拉回到过去的老路上去,这是不会得逞的。”

Asked if the United States would consider a military strike against Iran's nuclear facilities, National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice said President Bush is not ruling out any possible courses of action. But, also speaking on CNN's Late Edition, she stressed that the administration wants to resolve the issue peacefully."We believe that this is something that is best resolved by diplomatic means, and that can be resolved by diplomatic means. The world is united in saying to the Iranians that it is not acceptable for them, under cover of a civilian nuclear program, to engage in activities that might allow them to build a military program," she added.
当被问道美国是否会考虑对伊朗的核设施实行军事打击时,美国国家安全顾问赖斯女士说,布什总统没有排除采取任何行动的可能。但是,赖斯在CNN的午后新闻节目中强调,布什政府希望和平解决这一问题。赖斯说:“我们相信,这件事最好通过外交方式解决,而且也是可以外交解决的。整个世界都在对伊朗说,借着民用核能项目的名义进行武器项目发展活动是不能接受的。”

During an appearance on CNN's Late Edition program, Ms. Rice stressed the declaration of genocide, which has been rejected by the Sudanese government, was not the first display of American concern about Darfur.
赖斯在美国有线电视新闻网的“午后新闻”节目里强调说,“达尔富尔的种族灭绝已经是有目共睹的事实,但是苏丹政府拒不承认。美国目前对达尔富尔的关注已经不是第一次。”

She says there are hopeful signs coming out of Iraq. But at the same time, she stresses Americans must remember the transition to democracy is not easy or quick."We need to be both more patient of people who are making these early steps, less critical of every twist and turn, less certain that every up and down is going to collapse the process and more humble about how long it has taken us to get to a multi-ethnic democracy that works," she said.
赖斯说,伊拉克正在出现希望的迹象。但是她同时强调指出,美国人不能忘记,朝民主过渡不是一朝一夕就能够完成的。赖斯说:“我们需要人们更加耐心,不要对每一次反复都提出批评,不要那么肯定地认为每次起伏都会导致这个过程失败,另外,还应当对建立一个正常运转的多元化民主制度所需要的时间估计的更充份一些。”

城区压力 Urban stress

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Heat stress monitors
热应力监控器

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Pulmonary stress test products
肺部压力测试产品

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Coping with stress instructional materials
应对压力指导材料

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Well fracturing stress management services
井压裂压力维护

It is stressed that 他们强调

F07.2
Postconcussional syndrome
A syndrome that occurs following head trauma (usually sufficiently severe to result in
loss of consciousness) and includes a number of disparate symptoms such as headache,
dizziness, fatigue, irritability, difficulty in concentration and performing mental tasks,
impairment of memory, insomnia, and reduced tolerance to stress, emotional excitement, or
alcohol.
Postcontusional syndrome (encephalopathy)
Post-traumatic brain syndrome, nonpsychotic
脑震汤後徵候群 
此徵候群发生於头部创伤 ( 通常严重到造成意识丧
失 ) 之後 , 并包含一些不同的症状 , 诸如头痛、头
晕 ( 通常缺乏真正眩晕的现象 ) , 疲倦 , 易激怒性
, 专心操作心智事务产生困难 , 记忆缺损 , 失眠 ,
以及对压力、情绪兴奋、或酒精之忍受力降低。 
脑挫伤後徵候群 ( 脑病变 )  
创伤後脑徵候群 , 非精神病性 

F23
Acute and transient psychotic disorders
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by the acute onset of psychotic symptoms
such as delusions, hallucinations, and perceptual disturbances, and by the severe
disruption of ordinary behaviour. Acute onset is defined as a crescendo development of a
clearly abnormal clinical picture in about two weeks or less. For these disorders there is
no evidence of organic causation. Perplexity and puzzlement are often present but
disorientation for time, place and person is not persistent or severe enough to justify a
diagnosis of organically caused delirium (F05.-). Complete recovery usually occurs within
a few months, often within a few weeks or even days. If the disorder persists, a change in
classification will be necessary. The disorder may or may not be associated with acute
stress, defined as usually stressful events preceding the onset by one to two weeks.
急性与短暂性精神病症 
此类具高异质性之疾病 , 其特徵是精神病性症状 ,
如妄想、幻觉、知觉障碍等之急性发作 , 对日常生
活有严重干扰。急性发作是二星期内渐进性发作。
没有器质性病因之存在。常有迷惘或迷惑之症状 ,
但对人、地与时间之定向感障碍之持续性与严重性
均不足以明显到可做器质性谵妄 (F05.-) 之诊断。一般
在几个月、几星期或甚至几天内即完全恢复。若症
状持续 , 则要改变诊断。此疾病不一定与急性压力
有关 , 所谓急性压力是病前一、二星期内压力事件
之发生。  

Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform
disorders (F40-F48)
Excludes: when associated with conduct disorders in F91.- (F92.8)
精神官能性、压力相关性与拟身体障碍性疾病 (F40-F48)
不包含 : 伴有行为障碍症者 (F91.-,F92.8) 。

F43
Reaction to severe stress, and adjustment disorders
This category differs from others in that it includes disorders identifiable on the basis
of not only symptoms and course but also the existence of one or other of two causative
influences: an exceptionally stressful life event producing an acute stress reaction, or a
significant life change leading to continued unpleasant circumstances that result in an
adjustment disorder. Although less severe psychosocial stress ("life events")
may precipitate the onset or contribute to the presentation of a very wide range of
disorders classified elsewhere in this chapter, its etiological importance is not always
clear and in each case will be found to depend on individual, often idiosyncratic,
vulnerability, i.e. the life events are neither necessary nor sufficient to explain the
occurrence and form of the disorder. In contrast, the disorders brought together here are
thought to arise always as a direct consequence of acute severe stress or continued
trauma. The stressful events or the continuing unpleasant circumstances are the primary
and overriding causal factor and the disorder would not have occurred without their
impact. The disorders in this section can thus be regarded as maladaptive responses to
severe or continued stress, in that they interfere with successful coping mechanisms and
therefore lead to problems of social functioning.
严重压力之反应与适应障碍症
此一类诊断与其他类不同乃在於要确认此种疾病 ,
不仅要基於症状学和病程 , 而且也要基於一两个影
响的原因 - 包含一个非比寻常的压力事件产生压力
反应 , 或是一个显着的生活改变导致继续不适意的
环境因而引起适应障碍症。虽然较不严重的心理社
会压力 ( 生活事件 ) 会发生或促发在本章中处处所
提的较广范围之疾病表现 , 然而此类压力在病因学
上的重要性并不一定清楚 , 而每个个案上的特异性
与脆弱性是较为重要的。它们并不必然也不充分能
够解释疾病的发生及型式 * 相对地 , 本项疾病被认为
是直接导因於急性严重的压力或持续创伤所致之後
果。此种压力事件或持续的不愉快情境是主要的或
具决定性的因子 , 如果没有此种冲击疾病必然不会
发生。本节之疾病可以说是对严重或持续压力之不
良反应 , 此情况会干扰个体应付事情之机转 , 以致
引起社会性功能之障碍。 

F43.0
Acute stress reaction
A transient disorder that develops in an individual without any other apparent mental
disorder in response to exceptional physical and mental stress and that usually subsides
within hours or days. Individual vulnerability and coping capacity play a role in the
occurrence and severity of acute stress reactions. The symptoms show a typically mixed and
changing picture and include an initial state of "daze" with some constriction
of the field of consciousness and narrowing of attention, inability to comprehend stimuli,
and disorientation. This state may be followed either by further withdrawal from the
surrounding situation (to the extent of a dissociative stupor-F44.2), or by agitation
and over-activity (flight reaction or fugue). Autonomic signs of panic anxiety
(tachycardia, sweating, flushing) are commonly present. The symptoms usually appear within
minutes of the impact of the stressful stimulus or event, and disappear within two to
three days (often within hours). Partial or complete amnesia (F44.0) for the episode may
be present. If the symptoms persist, a change in diagnosis should be considered.
Acute:
. crisis reaction
. reaction to stress
Combat fatigue
Crisis state
Psychic shock
急性压力反应
一种短暂的疾病 , 发生於原来无其他精神疾病的人
, 当遇到严重的身体或精神压力时发作 , 但於数小
时或数天内消逝。个体的脆弱性或适应能力在急性
压力反应的发作及严重度扮演重大角色。典型的临
床表现是混合性与多变性的症状 , 包含一开始出现
昏眩并伴随意识的领域紧缩 , 注意力变得窄化 , 失
去理解刺激的能力及定向感障碍等。接下来可能发
生从周遭环境退缩的情形 ( 甚至到达解离性静呆状


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