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stress [ stres] n.压力;重音 vt.着重

高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness

三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)

五讲四美三热爱 the movement of "five stresses, four points of beauty and three loves"(The five stresses are: stress on decorum, manners, hygiene, discipline and morals. The four points of beauty are: beauty of the mind, language, behavior adn the enviornment. The three loves are: love of the motherland, socialism and the Communist Party.)

德才兼备 to combine ability with character; equal stress on integrity and ability

紧张 stress

“五讲四美” five stresses and four points of beauty

Since it is unnecessary to consider student's routine life, day school can lay stress on teaching instead of other aspects, such as management of dormitory and cafeteria.

Additional social stresses may also occur because of the population explosion or problems arising from mass migration movements-themselves made relatively easy nowadays by modern means of transport.

Multi-axial stress 多轴向应力

Stress at definite elongation 定伸应力

Twisting stress 扭胁强, 扭应力

Upper yield stress 上屈服应力

Vibratory stress 振动应力

Warping stress 翘曲应力

Yield point under bending stress 弯曲应力下的屈服点

Yield stress 屈服应力, 屈服点

Yield stress controlled bonding 屈服应力粘结

Many people believe that overweight results from overeating and stress.

The examination put a lot of stress on him.

He suffered from great stress.

the stresses and strains of modern life

He feels that there is not enough stress on drawing at the school.

He stressed the need of careful planning.

The word "machine" is stressed on its second syllable. "machine"

In five years the stress of her father's sickness transformed the happy young girl into a sad and unhappy woman.

Money problems place great stress on close family relationships.

There is a lot of evidence that stress is partly responsible for disease.

The examination put a lot of stress on him.那次考试给了他很大的压力。

Many people believe that overweight results from overeating and stress.很多人认为肥胖超重是因为吃得过多和压力造成的。

Finally, other people may give us instrumental support——financial aid, material resources, and needed services-that reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.

We must stress that these payment terms are very important to us.

Piezoelectric stress constant 压电应力常数

We must stress that these payment terms are very important to us.

A I think the quality of driving is worst at rush hour.
A 我想高峰时刻的驾驶质量是很低的。
B Rush hour is really bad! I think it’s because everybody wants to get home from work.
B 高峰时刻太糟了!我想这是因为大家都要在下班后赶回家。
A Yes. Everyone seems so stressed and bad-tempered.
A 是的,似乎每个人压力都很大,脾气都很坏。
B You can really sense that everyone is in a bad mood in heavy traffic.
B 在交通拥挤的时候你能真切地感觉到大家的情绪都很糟糕。
A I know. I guess it’s because they’re in a hurry but not moving very fast.
A 我知道。我想这是因为他们都很着急,但是又都移动得非常缓慢。
B That’s when accidents happen.
B 事故就发生在这个时候。

When something sensational happens to us, sharing the happiness of the occasion with friends intensifies our joy. Conversely, in times of trouble and tension, when our spirits are low, unburdening our worries and fears to compassionate friends alleviates the stress.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, American thinker

啊 [á] /an interjection/to express doubt or to question/to show realization/to stress/

并重 [bìng zhòng] /lay equal stress on/pay equal attention to/

风潮 [fēng cháo] /campaign/storm and stress/

强调 [qiáng diào] /to emphasize (a statement)/to stress/

重音 [zhòng yīn] /accent/stress/

着重 [zhuó zhòng] /put emphasis on/to stress/to emphasize/

I have discovered, as perhaps Kelsey will after her much-publicized resignation from the editorship of She after a build-up of stress, that abandoning the doctrine of "juggling your life", and making the alternative move into “downshifting” brings with it far greater rewards than financial success and social status.
Nothing could persuade me to return to the kind of life Kelsey used to advocate and I once enjoyed: 12-hour working days, pressured deadlines, the fearful strain of office politics and the limitations of being a parent on "quality time".

This speeding up of life, says the Futurist, requires a new form of expression.
We must speed up our literature too, if we want to interpret modern stress.
We must pour out a large stream of essential words, unhampered by stops, or qualifying adjectives, of finite verbs.

While often praised by foreigners for its emphasis on the basics, Japanese education tends to stress test taking and mechanical learning over creativity and self-expression.
"Those things that do not show up in the test scores — personality, ability, courage or humanity are completely ignored," says Toshiki Kaifu, chairman of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party's education committee.
“在考分中得不到体现的那些东西——个性、能力、勇气或人性——完全被忽视,”执政的自民党教育委员会主席Toshiki Kaifu说,
"Frustration against this kind of thing leads kids to drop out and run wild."

{adj: accentual} (of verse) having a metric system based on stress rather than syllables or quantity
"accentual poetry is based on the number of stresses in a line"
"accentual rhythm"
<-> quantitative, syllabic

{adj: accentual} of or pertaining to accent or stress

{adj: alliterative} having the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable
"alliterative verse"

{adj: assonant} having the same sound (especially the same vowel sound) occurring in successive stressed syllables
"note the assonant words and syllables in `tilting at windmills'"

{adj: assonant} having the same vowel sound occurring with different consonants in successive words or stressed syllables

{adj: atonic, unaccented} used of syllables
"an atonic syllable carries no stress"
<-> tonic

{adj: burned-out, burnt-out} exhausted as a result of longtime stress
"she was burned-out before she was 30"

{adj: centrifugal} tending away from centralization, as of authority
"the division of Europe into warring blocs produces ever-increasing centrifugal stress"

{adj: comfortable} free from stress or conducive to mental ease; having or affording peace of mind
"was settled in a comfortable job, one for which he was well prepared"
"the comfortable thought that nothing could go wrong"
"was comfortable in his religious beliefs"
"she's a comfortable person to be with"
"she felt comfortable with her fiance's parents"
<-> uncomfortable

{adj: composed} serenely self-possessed and free from agitation especially in times of stress
"the performer seemed completely composed as she stepped onto the stage"
"I felt calm and more composed than I had in a long time"
<-> discomposed

{adj: maladjusted} poorly adjusted to demands and stresses of daily living
"a maladjusted child"
<-> adjusted

{adj: prosodic} of or relating to the rhythmic aspect of language or to the suprasegmental phonemes of pitch and stress and juncture and nasalization and voicing

{adj: ragged} worn out from stress or strain
"run ragged"

{adj: recognizable} easily perceived; easy to become aware of
"this situation produces recognizable stress symptoms"

{adj: strained} under great stress
"her voice was strained as she asked the question"

{adj: stressed, accented} bearing a stress or accent
"an iambic foot consists of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable as in `delay'"
<-> unstressed

{adj: stressed, distressed, in a bad way} suffering severe physical strain or distress
"he dropped out of the race, clearly distressed and having difficulty breathing"
"the victim was in a bad way and needed immediate attention"

{adj: syllabic} (of verse) having lines based on number of syllables rather than on rhythmical arrangement of stresses or quantities
<-> accentual, quantitative

{adj: syncopated} stressing a normally weak beat

{adj: tensile} of or relating to tension
"tensile stress"
"tensile pull"

{adj: tolerant, resistant} able to tolerate environmental conditions or physiological stress
"the plant is tolerant of saltwater"
"these fish are quite tolerant as long as extremes of pH are avoided"
"the new hybrid is more resistant to drought"

{adj: tonic, accented} used of syllables
"a tonic syllables carries the main stress in a word"
<-> atonic

{adj: ultimate} being the last or concluding element of a series
"the ultimate sonata of that opus"
"a distinction between the verb and noun senses of `conflict' is that in the verb the stress is on the ultimate (or last) syllable"

{adj: unaccented, light, weak} used of vowels or syllables; pronounced with little or no stress
"a syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light syllable"
"a weak stress on the second syllable"

{adj: unstrained} not placed under psychological stress
"the campaign would not leave party loyalties unstrained"

{adj: unstressed} not bearing a stress or accent
"short vowels are unstressed"
<-> stressed

{adj: weak} likely to fail under stress or pressure
"the weak link in the chain"

{adv: calmly} with self-possession (especially in times of stress)
"he spoke calmly to the rioting students"

{adv: comfortably} in mental comfort; without stress
"he works comfortably on three continents"

{adv: unwarrantably} in an unwarrantable manner or to an unwarranted degree
"in this painting, the relationship of the upper part of the body to the lower is uneasy and the right thigh seems unwarrantably stressed"

{n: Bacon, Roger Bacon} English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)

{n: Bushido} traditional code of the Japanese samurai which stressed courage and loyalty and self-discipline and simple living

{n: Cezanne, Paul Cezanne} French Post-impressionist painter who influenced modern art (especially cubism) by stressing the structural components latent in nature (1839-1906)

{n: Hooke's law} (physics) the principle that (within the elastic limit) the stress applied to a solid is proportional to the strain produced

{n: Leninism, Marxism-Leninism} the political and economic theories of Lenin which provided the guiding doctrine of the Soviet Union; the modification of Marxism by Lenin stressed that imperialism is the highest form of capitalism (which shifts the struggle from developed to underdeveloped countries)

{n: Pietism} 17th and 18th-century German movement in the Lutheran Church stressing personal piety and devotion

{n: Robinson, James Harvey Robinson} United States historian who stressed the importance of intellectual and social events for the course of history (1863-1936)

{n: Trinitarianism} Christian doctrine stressing belief in the Trinity

{n: Turner, Frederick Jackson Turner} United States historian who stressed the role of the western frontier in American history (1861-1951)

{n: Unitarianism} Christian doctrine that stresses individual freedom of belief and rejects the Trinity

{n: accent, accent mark} a diacritical mark used to indicate stress or placed above a vowel to indicate a special pronunciation

{n: alliteration, initial rhyme, beginning rhyme, head rhyme} use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
"around the rock the ragged rascal ran"

{n: amphibrach} a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed-unstressed syllables (e.g., `remember')

{n: anapest, anapaest} a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed-stressed syllables

{n: assay, check} an appraisal of the state of affairs
"they made an assay of the contents"
"a check on its dependability under stress"

{n: assonance, vowel rhyme} the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

{n: battle fatigue, combat fatigue, combat neurosis, shell shock} a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare

{n: biomedicine} the branch of medical science that studies the ability of organisms to withstand environmental stress (as in space travel)

{n: breaking point} (psychology) stress at which a person breaks down or a situation becomes crucial

{n: breaking point} the degree of tension or stress at which something breaks

{n: coefficient of elasticity, modulus of elasticity, elastic modulus} (physics) the ratio of the applied stress to the change in shape of an elastic body

{n: comedy ballet} a ballet that stresses the drama with features of comedy

{n: composure, calm, calmness, equanimity} steadiness of mind under stress
"he accepted their problems with composure and she with equanimity"
<-> discomposure

{n: dactyl} a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed-unstressed syllables

{n: deformation} alteration in the shape or dimensions of an object as a result of the application of stress to it

{n: emphasis} special and significant stress by means of position or repetition e.g.

{n: endurance} the power to withstand hardship or stress
"the marathon tests a runner's endurance"

{n: epinephrine, epinephrin, adrenaline, Adrenalin} a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action

{n: escape, escapism} an inclination to retreat from unpleasant realities through diversion or fantasy
"romantic novels were her escape from the stress of daily life"
"his alcohol problem was a form of escapism"

{n: evangelicalism} stresses the importance of personal conversion and faith as the means of salvation

{n: fatigue fracture, stress fracture} fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury

{n: fatigue} used of materials (especially metals) in a weakened state caused by long stress
"metal fatigue"

{n: functionalism} any doctrine that stresses utility or purpose

{n: galvanic skin response, GSR, psychogalvanic response, electrodermal response, electrical skin response, Fere phenomenon, Tarchanoff phenomenon} a change in the electrical properties of the skin in response to stress or anxiety; can be measured either by recording the electrical resistance of the skin or by recording weak currents generated by the body

{n: hot seat} a difficult position where you are subjected to stress and criticism

{n: iamb, iambus} a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed syllables

{n: intellectualization, intellectualisation} (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that uses reasoning to block out emotional stress and conflict

{n: irritable bowel syndrome, spastic colon, mucous colitis} recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea (often alternating with periods of constipation); often associated with emotional stress

{n: lastingness, durability, enduringness, strength} permanence by virtue of the power to resist stress or force
"they advertised the durability of their products"

{n: low-fat diet} a diet containing limited amounts of fat and stressing foods high in carbohydrates; used in treatment of some gallbladder conditions

{n: margin of safety, safety margin, margin of error} the margin required in order to insure safety
"in engineering the margin of safety is the strength of the material minus the anticipated stress"

{n: oxytone} word having stress or an acute accent on the last syllable

{n: paroxytone} word having stress or acute accent on the next to last syllable

{n: peace, peacefulness, peace of mind, repose, serenity, heartsease, ataraxis} the absence of mental stress or anxiety

{n: performance} any recognized accomplishment
"they admired his performance under stress"
"when Roger Maris powered four home runs in one game his performance merits awe"

{n: physical education} training in the development of and care for the human body; stresses athletics; includes hygiene

{n: piezoelectricity, piezoelectric effect, piezo effect} electricity produced by mechanical pressure on certain crystals (notably quartz or Rochelle salt); alternatively, electrostatic stress produces a change in the linear dimensions of the crystal

{n: pilomotor reflex, gooseflesh, goose bump, goosebump, goose pimple, goose skin, horripilation} reflex erection of hairs of the skin in response to cold or emotional stress or skin irritation

{n: posttraumatic stress disorder, PTSD} an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images

{n: proparoxytone} word having stress or acute accent on the antepenult

{n: prosody, inflection} the patterns of stress and intonation in a language

{n: pulmonary reserve} the additional volume of air that the lungs can inhale and exhale when breathing to the limit of capacity in times of stress

{n: reinforced concrete, ferroconcrete} concrete with metal and/or mesh added to provide extra support against stresses

{n: repose, quiet, placidity, serenity, tranquillity, tranquility} a disposition free from stress or emotion

{n: rest-cure} rest as a medical treatment for stress or anxiety etc.

{n: rhythm, speech rhythm} the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements
"the rhythm of Frost's poetry"

{n: safety factor, factor of safety} the ratio of the breaking stress of a structure to the estimated maximum stress in ordinary use

{n: sentence stress} the distribution of stresses within a sentence

{n: solid, solidness, solid state} the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it; and retains a definite size and shape

{n: spondee} a metrical unit with stressed-stressed syllables

{n: strain, mental strain, nervous strain} (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress
"his responsibilities were a constant strain"
"the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"

{n: stress incontinence} urinary incontinence that occurs when involuntary pressure is put on the bladder by coughing or laughing or sneezing or lifting or straining

{n: stress mark} a mark indicating the stress on a syllable

{n: stress test} a test measuring how a system functions when subjected to controlled amounts of stress

{n: stress, emphasis, accent} the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)
"he put the stress on the wrong syllable"

{n: stress, focus} special emphasis attached to something
"the stress was more on accuracy than on speed"

{n: stress, strain} difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
"she endured the stresses and strains of life"
"he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson

{n: stressor} any agent that causes stress to an organism

{n: stress} (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body
"the intensity of stress is expressed in units of force divided by units of area"

{n: supply-side economics} the school of economic theory that stresses the costs of production as a means of stimulating the economy; advocates policies that raise capital and labor output by increasing the incentive to produce

{n: tensile strength} the strength of material expressed as the greatest longitudinal stress it can bear without tearing apart

{n: tension headache} a headache located at the back of the head; usually caused by body tension resulting from overwork or psychological stress

{n: tension, tenseness, stress} (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense
"he suffered from fatigue and emotional tension"
"stress is a vasoconstrictor"

{n: tension} (physics) a stress that produces an elongation of an elastic physical body
"the direction of maximum tension moves asymptotically toward the direction of the shear"

{n: theater of the absurd} plays stressing the irrational or illogical aspects of life, usually to show that modern life is pointless
"Samuel Beckett and Eugene Ionesco have written plays for the theater of the absurd"

{n: tranquilizer, tranquillizer, tranquilliser, antianxiety agent, ataractic drug, ataractic agent, ataractic} a drug used to reduce stress or tension without reducing mental clarity

{n: treadmill test} a stress test in which the patient walks on a moving treadmill while the heart and breathing rates are monitored

{n: tremor} shaking or trembling (usually resulting from weakness or stress or disease)

{n: trochee} a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed syllables

{n: type II diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, ketosis-resistant diabetes mellitus, ketosis-resistant diabetes, ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes mellitus, ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes, adult-onset diabetes mellitus, adult-onset diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes mellitus, maturity-onset diabetes, mature-onset diabetes} mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors; can usually be controlled by diet and hypoglycemic agents without injections of insulin

{n: urinary hesitancy} difficulty in beginning the flow of urine; associated with prostate enlargement in men and with narrowing of the urethral opening in women; may be caused by emotional stress in either men or women

{n: vasoconstrictor, vasoconstrictive, pressor} any agent that causes a narrowing of an opening of a blood vessel: cold or stress or nicotine or epinephrine or norepinephrine or angiotensin or vasopressin or certain drugs; maintains or increases blood pressure

{n: weakness} the property of lacking physical or mental strength; liability to failure under pressure or stress or strain
"his weakness increased as he became older"
"the weakness of the span was overlooked until it collapsed"
<-> strength

{n: whiteness} lightness or fairness of complexion
"only the whiteness of her cheeks gave any indication of the stress from which she was suffering"

{n: word stress, word accent} the distribution of stresses within a polysyllabic word

{v: break} be broken in
"If the new teacher won't break, we'll add some stress"

{v: deform, distort, strain} alter the shape of (something) by stress
"His body was deformed by leprosy"

{v: give, yield} be flexible under stress of physical force
"This material doesn't give"

{v: kill} tire out completely
"The daily stress of her work is killing her"

{v: overdrive} drive or work too hard
"The teacher is overworking his students"
"Overdriving people often suffer stress"

{v: relieve} alleviate or remove
"relieve the pressure and the stress"

{v: stress, accent, accentuate} put stress on ; utter with an accent
"In Farsi, you accent the last syllable of each word"

{v: stress, emphasize, emphasise, punctuate, accent, accentuate} to stress, single out as important
"Dr. Jones emphasizes exercise in addition to a change in diet"

{v: syncopate} modify the rhythm by stressing or accenting a weak beat

{v: tire, wear upon, tire out, wear, weary, jade, wear out, outwear, wear down, fag out, fag, fatigue} exhaust or tire through overuse or great strain or stress
"We wore ourselves out on this hike"
<-> refresh

{v: topicalize} emphasize by putting have stress on or by moving to the front of the sentence
"Speakers topicalize more often than they realize"
"The object of the sentence is topicalized in what linguists call `Yiddish Movement'"

{v: try, strain, stress} test the limits of
"You are trying my patience!"

{v: wear, wear off, wear out, wear thin} deteriorate through use or stress
"The constant friction wore out the cloth"

The garden offered Monet the kind of refuge from the stress of daily life that many people share when looking at his paintings.

But walks of any length beat sitting at home with your feet up and watching television, they stress.

Instead they 're trying to figure out how this cell growth can be controlled to treat everything from epilepsy to stress to depression.

Some have observed that during stress, neurogenesis in the learning center of the brain in several animal species slows considerably - which may help explain depressive episodes that accompany stress.

Between 1995 and 1999, the number of people calling in sick because of stress more than tripled.
1995至 1999年间,美国请病假的人增长了两倍多。

" Half of all Americans report some kind of stress, and 63% say they'd rather have more time off than more money, " says Robinson.
鲁宾逊说:近一半的美国人反映生活过于紧张, 63%的人可少赚点钱以换取更多的休息时间。

But he stresses that he is no prophet like Arthur C. Clarke.

SHOCKWAVE.COM Perfect for a midday break at the office, shockwave.com is chock-full of animated games( my favorite stress buster is Water Balloon Drop), cartoons( including Stan Lee's excellent 7th Portal and snippets from South Park) and music clips.
SHOCKWAVE.COM 非常棒的午间休息网站。该网站收有众多的动画游戏(我的最佳松弛游戏是投掷水气球),卡通片(包括斯坦李的杰作《第七大门》和《南方公园》中的片段)和其他音乐片段。

A prudent policy that stresses conservation and alternate energy sources seems to me to be wise insurance in an uncertain age.

They want their parents less stressed and tired from work.

Instead, the most common wish( among 34% ) was that parents would be less stressed and tired by work.
最普遍的愿望(达到 34%)是:父母能少些工作上的压力,别那么辛苦。

In his 1976 study of slavery in the United States, Herbert Gutman, like Fogel, Engerman, and Genovese, has rightly stressed the slaves' achievements.
赫伯特·古特曼(Herbert Gutman)在其1976年对美国奴隶制度的研究中,如同福格尔(Fogel)、恩格曼(Engerman)、以及吉诺维斯(Genovese)那样,正确地强调了奴隶们所取得的成就。

Long before the Romantics stressed intuition and self-expression, the frenzy of inspiration was regarded as fundamental to art, but philosophers had always assumed it must be controlled by law and by the intellectual power of putting things into harmonious order.

Increasingly, as in the individual studies of Lund, Round, and Reynolds, researchers began to stress the importance of environmental factors such as temperature, light, and water movements in controlling algal numbers.
正如在伦德、朗德、和雷诺兹(Lund,Round,and Reynolds)的单独研究中那样,科研人员开始越来越强调诸如温度光照、以及水的运动这类环境因素在控制水藻数量方面的重要性。

Ragtime style stresses a pattern of repeated rhythms, not the constant inventions and variations of jazz.

In general, excessive stress is placed on one factor or the other, depending on whether the commentator is North American or Puerto Rican.

But the Afghan leader stressed that the Taleban has no possibility of returning to power now. He said the disarmament process in his country has gone very well. The first phase was completed some weeks ago and almost 95 percent of the heavy weapons have been collected.

A senior U.S. official said his delegation would stay in Beijing "as long as it is useful" to stay. Officials stress, they cannot allow another 13-month-long gap to set in. The stakes, they say, are too high.

The British prime minister said that as Iraq is being helped to establish democracy, efforts are also being made to build the capability of its security forces. As that capability grows, he added, the need for foreign troops to do the security work will diminish. The timetable for that, Mr. Blair stressed, is set by the job being done.

Bush administration officials have gone to some length to stress their concern about the matter, including Secretary Rice who began a Senate appearance Thursday with an appeal to Muslims around the world to reject any incitement to violence by those who she said would mischaracterize U.S. intentions.

Administration officials have also stressed the elaborate procedures that have been put in place at the Guantanamo facility since it opened in 2002 to facilitate religious practice by Muslim detainees.

On the sidelines of the festivities, President Putin will oversee a weekend summit Sunday of leaders of the Commonwealth of Independent states - a grouping of former Soviet republics. He also hosts an EU-Russia Summit on Tuesday. Mr. Putin is also to hold talks with President Bush, who, U.S. officials say, will continue to stress U.S. concerns about democracy in Russia.

On other matters, the president once again stressed his support for his nominee to be U.N. Ambassador, John Bolton.

FAO official Samuel Jutzi stresses that H5N1 could turn into a virulent human strain at any time.

Vietnam and the United States are both racing to develop human vaccines for H5N1, but until those vaccines are ready, officials stress that animal control is the only way to stop the disease in its tracks.

At his meeting with Mr. Powell, the new Ukrainian leader said his country's political breakthrough would not have happened without support from outside partners with shared values including the United States. But, Mr. Yushchenko stressed that Ukraine's new democracy is home-grown and independent.

This has become the cliché of an American Christmas - a shopping frenzy that boosts the earnings of stores across the United States, and leaves shoppers exhausted and stressed. But Christmas is more than that.

But in a joint news appearance with Mr. Annan, Secretary Powell said he thinks the U.N. is doing a good job in its election work, stressing not the size of the U.N. contingent in the country, but the number of Iraqis who have been trained to run the voting.

President Musharraf has stressed that resolving the Israeli-Palestinian dispute is crucial to Muslims and the war on terrorism. He told reporters it was the most important issue they discussed."I'm grateful for the extreme understanding that the president has shown towards the concerns of Pakistan," said General Musharraf.

During an appearance on the NBC television program, Meet the Press, Mr. Blair stressed the coalition will remain in Iraq until its mission is complete. "The exit strategy is a democratic Iraq, and if that happens, the impact on the whole region and, therefore, on our security, America and Britain, will be enormous," he said.

Top Bush administration officials say a plan is in place to deal with insurgents in Iraq. The president's foreign policy advisors stress the insurgency will not derail Iraqi elections scheduled for early 2005.

She told ABC's This Week program that insurgents want to stop the political process in Iraq. But she stressed they will not succeed."There are some people who want to take Iraq back to the days of mass graves and torture chambers and seeking weapons of mass destruction and threatening its neighbors," she says. "It is not going to happen."

Asked if the United States would consider a military strike against Iran's nuclear facilities, National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice said President Bush is not ruling out any possible courses of action. But, also speaking on CNN's Late Edition, she stressed that the administration wants to resolve the issue peacefully."We believe that this is something that is best resolved by diplomatic means, and that can be resolved by diplomatic means. The world is united in saying to the Iranians that it is not acceptable for them, under cover of a civilian nuclear program, to engage in activities that might allow them to build a military program," she added.

During an appearance on CNN's Late Edition program, Ms. Rice stressed the declaration of genocide, which has been rejected by the Sudanese government, was not the first display of American concern about Darfur.

She says there are hopeful signs coming out of Iraq. But at the same time, she stresses Americans must remember the transition to democracy is not easy or quick."We need to be both more patient of people who are making these early steps, less critical of every twist and turn, less certain that every up and down is going to collapse the process and more humble about how long it has taken us to get to a multi-ethnic democracy that works," she said.

城区压力 Urban stress

Heat stress monitors

Pulmonary stress test products

Coping with stress instructional materials

Well fracturing stress management services

It is stressed that 他们强调

Postconcussional syndrome
A syndrome that occurs following head trauma (usually sufficiently severe to result in
loss of consciousness) and includes a number of disparate symptoms such as headache,
dizziness, fatigue, irritability, difficulty in concentration and performing mental tasks,
impairment of memory, insomnia, and reduced tolerance to stress, emotional excitement, or
Postcontusional syndrome (encephalopathy)
Post-traumatic brain syndrome, nonpsychotic
此徵候群发生於头部创伤 ( 通常严重到造成意识丧
失 ) 之後 , 并包含一些不同的症状 , 诸如头痛、头
晕 ( 通常缺乏真正眩晕的现象 ) , 疲倦 , 易激怒性
, 专心操作心智事务产生困难 , 记忆缺损 , 失眠 ,
脑挫伤後徵候群 ( 脑病变 )  
创伤後脑徵候群 , 非精神病性 

Acute and transient psychotic disorders
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by the acute onset of psychotic symptoms
such as delusions, hallucinations, and perceptual disturbances, and by the severe
disruption of ordinary behaviour. Acute onset is defined as a crescendo development of a
clearly abnormal clinical picture in about two weeks or less. For these disorders there is
no evidence of organic causation. Perplexity and puzzlement are often present but
disorientation for time, place and person is not persistent or severe enough to justify a
diagnosis of organically caused delirium (F05.-). Complete recovery usually occurs within
a few months, often within a few weeks or even days. If the disorder persists, a change in
classification will be necessary. The disorder may or may not be associated with acute
stress, defined as usually stressful events preceding the onset by one to two weeks.
此类具高异质性之疾病 , 其特徵是精神病性症状 ,
如妄想、幻觉、知觉障碍等之急性发作 , 对日常生
没有器质性病因之存在。常有迷惘或迷惑之症状 ,
均不足以明显到可做器质性谵妄 (F05.-) 之诊断。一般
状持续 , 则要改变诊断。此疾病不一定与急性压力
有关 , 所谓急性压力是病前一、二星期内压力事件

Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform
disorders (F40-F48)
Excludes: when associated with conduct disorders in F91.- (F92.8)
精神官能性、压力相关性与拟身体障碍性疾病 (F40-F48)
不包含 : 伴有行为障碍症者 (F91.-,F92.8) 。

Reaction to severe stress, and adjustment disorders
This category differs from others in that it includes disorders identifiable on the basis
of not only symptoms and course but also the existence of one or other of two causative
influences: an exceptionally stressful life event producing an acute stress reaction, or a
significant life change leading to continued unpleasant circumstances that result in an
adjustment disorder. Although less severe psychosocial stress ("life events")
may precipitate the onset or contribute to the presentation of a very wide range of
disorders classified elsewhere in this chapter, its etiological importance is not always
clear and in each case will be found to depend on individual, often idiosyncratic,
vulnerability, i.e. the life events are neither necessary nor sufficient to explain the
occurrence and form of the disorder. In contrast, the disorders brought together here are
thought to arise always as a direct consequence of acute severe stress or continued
trauma. The stressful events or the continuing unpleasant circumstances are the primary
and overriding causal factor and the disorder would not have occurred without their
impact. The disorders in this section can thus be regarded as maladaptive responses to
severe or continued stress, in that they interfere with successful coping mechanisms and
therefore lead to problems of social functioning.
此一类诊断与其他类不同乃在於要确认此种疾病 ,
不仅要基於症状学和病程 , 而且也要基於一两个影
响的原因 - 包含一个非比寻常的压力事件产生压力
反应 , 或是一个显着的生活改变导致继续不适意的
会压力 ( 生活事件 ) 会发生或促发在本章中处处所
提的较广范围之疾病表现 , 然而此类压力在病因学
上的重要性并不一定清楚 , 而每个个案上的特异性
够解释疾病的发生及型式 * 相对地 , 本项疾病被认为
具决定性的因子 , 如果没有此种冲击疾病必然不会
良反应 , 此情况会干扰个体应付事情之机转 , 以致

Acute stress reaction
A transient disorder that develops in an individual without any other apparent mental
disorder in response to exceptional physical and mental stress and that usually subsides
within hours or days. Individual vulnerability and coping capacity play a role in the
occurrence and severity of acute stress reactions. The symptoms show a typically mixed and
changing picture and include an initial state of "daze" with some constriction
of the field of consciousness and narrowing of attention, inability to comprehend stimuli,
and disorientation. This state may be followed either by further withdrawal from the
surrounding situation (to the extent of a dissociative stupor-F44.2), or by agitation
and over-activity (flight reaction or fugue). Autonomic signs of panic anxiety
(tachycardia, sweating, flushing) are commonly present. The symptoms usually appear within
minutes of the impact of the stressful stimulus or event, and disappear within two to
three days (often within hours). Partial or complete amnesia (F44.0) for the episode may
be present. If the symptoms persist, a change in diagnosis should be considered.
. crisis reaction
. reaction to stress
Combat fatigue
Crisis state
Psychic shock
一种短暂的疾病 , 发生於原来无其他精神疾病的人
, 当遇到严重的身体或精神压力时发作 , 但於数小
床表现是混合性与多变性的症状 , 包含一开始出现
昏眩并伴随意识的领域紧缩 , 注意力变得窄化 , 失
生从周遭环境退缩的情形 ( 甚至到达解离性静呆状

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