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shrub

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shrub [ ʃrʌb] n.ľľ

scrub; shrub

֭ˮ shrub

ľ [gun m] /bush/shrub/

[zhn] /evergreen shrub/

{adj: barbed, barbellate, briary, briery, bristled, bristly, burred, burry, prickly, setose, setaceous, spiny, thorny} having or covered with protective barbs or quills or spines or thorns or setae etc.
"a horse with a short bristly mane"
"bristly shrubs"
"burred fruits"
"setaceous whiskers"

{adj: coniferous, cone-bearing} of or relating to or part of trees or shrubs bearing cones and evergreen leaves

{adj: deciduous} (of plants and shrubs) shedding foliage at the end of the growing season
<-> evergreen

{adj: evergreen} (of plants and shrubs) bearing foliage throughout the year
<-> deciduous

{adj: nut-bearing} (of shrubs or trees) producing nuts

{adj: oleaceous} of or pertaining to or characteristic of trees or shrubs of the olive family

{adj: rootbound} having the roots matted or densely tangled
"shaggy untended lawns of old trees and rootbound scented flowers and shrubs"- William Faulkner

{adj: shrubby, fruticose, fruticulose} of or relating to or resembling a shrub

{n: Abutilon, genus Abutilon} herbs or shrubs or small trees: flowering maple; parlor maple; Indian mallow

{n: Acalypha, genus Acalypha} a genus of herbs and shrubs belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae

{n: Acanthaceae, family Acanthaceae, acanthus family} widely distributed herbs and shrubs and trees; sometimes placed in the order Scrophulariales

{n: Acer, genus Acer} type genus of the Aceraceae; trees or shrubs having winged fruit

{n: Aceraceae, family Aceraceae, maple family} a family of trees and shrubs of order Sapindales including the maples

{n: Acocanthera, genus Acocanthera, Acokanthera, genus Acokanthera} small genus of trees and shrubs containing strongly toxic cardiac glycosides; Arabia to Africa

{n: Acroclinium, genus Acroclinium} genus of herbs and shrubs of Australia and South Africa: everlasting flower; most species usually placed in genus Helipterum

{n: Actinidiaceae, family Actinidiaceae} tropical trees or shrubs or woody vines

{n: Adenium, genus Adenium} one species: succulent shrub or tree of tropical Africa and Arabia

{n: Aesculus, genus Aesculus} deciduous trees or some shrubs of North America; southeastern Europe; eastern Asia

{n: African daisy, yellow ageratum, Lonas inodora, Lonas annua} shrub of southwestern Mediterranean region having yellow daisylike flowers

{n: African hemp, Sparmannia africana} large shrub of South Africa having many conspicuously hairy branches with large hairy leaves and clusters of conspicuous white flowers

{n: African holly, Solanum giganteum} woolly-stemmed biennial arborescent shrub of tropical Africa and southern Asia having silvery-white prickly branches, clusters of blue or white flowers, and bright red berries resembling holly berries

{n: Afrocarpus, genus Afrocarpus} dioecious evergreen trees or shrubs; equatorial to southern and southeastern Africa: yellowwood; similar to trees or genus Podocarpus

{n: Ageratina, genus Ageratina} annual to perennial herbs or shrubs of eastern United States and Central and South America

{n: Aizoaceae, family Aizoaceae, Tetragoniaceae, family Tetragoniaceae, carpetweed family} succulent herbs or small shrubs mostly of South Africa but also New Zealand and North America: carpetweeds; fig marigolds

{n: Alexandria senna, Alexandrian senna, true senna, tinnevelly senna, Indian senna, Senna alexandrina, Cassia acutifolia, Cassia augustifolia} erect shrub having racemes of tawny yellow flowers; the dried leaves are used medicinally as a cathartic; sometimes placed in genus Cassia

{n: Alstonia, genus Alstonia} genus of evergreen trees or shrubs with white funnel-shaped flowers and milky sap; tropical Africa to southeastern Asia and Polynesia

{n: Amaranthaceae, family Amaranthaceae, amaranth family} cosmopolitan family of herbs and shrubs

{n: Amelanchier, genus Amelanchier} North American deciduous trees or shrubs

{n: American angelica tree, devil's walking stick, Hercules'-club, Aralia spinosa} small deciduous clump-forming tree or shrub of eastern United States

{n: American barberry, Berberis canadensis} deciduous shrub of eastern North America whose leaves turn scarlet in autumn and having racemes of yellow flowers followed by ellipsoid glossy red berries

{n: American fly honeysuckle, fly honeysuckle, Lonicera canadensis} erect deciduous North American shrub with yellow-white flowers

{n: American hazel, Corylus americana} nut-bearing shrub of eastern North America

{n: American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana} tree or large shrub with grey bark and blue-green leaves that turn red-orange in autumn

{n: American red elder, red-berried elder, stinking elder, Sambucus pubens} common North American shrub or small tree

{n: Amur privet, Ligustrum amurense} eastern Asian shrub cultivated especially for its persistent foliage

{n: Anacardiaceae, family Anacardiaceae, sumac family} the cashew family; trees and shrubs and vines having resinous (sometimes poisonous) juice; includes cashew and mango and pistachio and poison ivy and sumac

{n: Anadenanthera colubrina, Piptadenia macrocarpa} Brazilian shrub having twice-pinnate leaves and small spicate flowers followed by flat or irregularly torulose pods; sometimes placed in genus Piptadenia

{n: Anadenanthera, genus Anadenanthera} 2 species of tropical American shrubs or trees

{n: Anagyris, genus Anagyris} very small genus of shrubs of southern Europe having backward curving seed pods

{n: Annona, genus Annona} type genus of the Annonaceae; tropical American trees or shrubs

{n: Annonaceae, family Annonaceae, custard-apple family} chiefly tropical trees or shrubs

{n: Anthyllis, genus Anthyllis} genus of Mediterranean herbs and shrubs

{n: Apalachicola rosemary, Conradina glabra} small shrub of Apalachicola River area in southeastern United States having highly aromatic pinkish flowers; a threatened species

{n: Apocynaceae, family Apocynaceae, dogbane family} chiefly tropical trees or shrubs or herbs having milky juice and often showy flowers; many are sources of drugs

{n: Aquifoliaceae, family Aquifoliaceae, holly family} widely distributed shrubs and trees

{n: Araliaceae, family Araliaceae, ivy family} mostly tropical trees and shrubs and lianas: genera Panax and Hedera

{n: Arecidae, subclass Arecidae} one of four subclasses or superorder of Monocotyledones; comprises about 6400 species in 5 families of trees and shrubs and terrestrial herbs and a few free-floating aquatics including: Palmae; Araceae; Pandanaceae and Lemnaceae

{n: Argyroxiphium, genus Argyroxiphium} small genus of Hawaiian spreading and rosette-forming shrubs

{n: Aristotelia, genus Aristotelia} small genus of shrubs or small trees of Australia and New Zealand and western South America

{n: Arizona white oak, Quercus arizonica} semi-evergreen shrub or small tree of Arizona and New Mexico having acorns with hemispherical cups

{n: Asclepiadaceae, family Asclepiadaceae, milkweed family} widely distributed family of herbs and shrubs of the order Gentianales; most with milky juice

{n: Asiatic sweetleaf, sapphire berry, Symplocus paniculata} deciduous shrub of eastern Asia bearing decorative bright blue fruit

{n: Aspalathus, genus Aspalathus} genus of South African heathlike shrubs

{n: Asteridae, subclass Asteridae} a group of mostly sympetalous herbs and some trees and shrubs mostly with 2 fused carpels; contains 43 families including Campanulales; Solanaceae; Scrophulariaceae; Labiatae; Verbenaceae; Rubiaceae; Compositae; sometimes classified as a superorder

{n: Astragalus, genus Astragalus} large genus of annual or perennial herbs or shrubs of north temperate regions; largest genus in the family Leguminosae

{n: Astroloma, genus Astroloma} evergreen shrubs of Australia and Tasmania

{n: Aucuba, genus Aucuba} hardy evergreen dioecious shrubs and small trees from Japan

{n: Australian grass tree, Richea dracophylla} stout Australian shrub with narrow leaves crowded at ends of branches and terminal clusters of white or pink flowers

{n: Avicennia, genus Avicennia} small genus of tropical shrubs or trees

{n: Baccharis, genus Baccharis} shrubs of western hemisphere often having honey-scented flowers followed by silky thistlelike heads of tiny fruits; often used for erosion control

{n: Baphia, genus Baphia} small genus of shrubs and lianas and trees of Africa and Madagascar

{n: Bartram Juneberry, Amelanchier bartramiana} open-growing shrub of eastern North America having pure white flowers and small waxy almost black fruits

{n: Batis, genus Batis} small genus of plants constituting the family Batidaceae: low straggling dioecious shrubs

{n: Begoniaceae, family Begoniaceae, begonia family} monoecious succulent herbs or shrubs of tropical and warm regions especially America

{n: Berberidaceae, family Berberidaceae, barberry family} shrubs or herbs

{n: Berberis, genus Berberis} large genus of shrubs of temperate zones of New and Old Worlds

{n: Betulaceae, family Betulaceae, birch family} monoecious trees and shrubs (including the genera Betula and Alnus and Carpinus and Corylus and Ostrya and Ostryopsis)

{n: Bignoniaceae, family Bignoniaceae} trees or shrubs or woody vines or herbs having fruit resembling gourds or capsules; sometimes placed in the order Scrophulariales

{n: Biscutella, genus Biscutella} genus of Eurasian herbs and small shrubs: buckler mustard

{n: Blighia, genus Blighia} small genus of western African evergreen trees and shrubs bearing fleshy capsular three-seeded fruits edible when neither unripe nor overripe

{n: Brazilian pepper tree, Schinus terebinthifolius} small Brazilian evergreen resinous tree or shrub having dark green leaflets and white flowers followed by bright red fruit; used as a street tree and lawn specimen

{n: Brunfelsia, genus Brunfelsia} genus of tropical American shrubs grown for their flowers followed by fleshy berrylike fruits

{n: Brya, genus Brya} genus of prickly shrubs and small trees of the Caribbean region; source of a durable hardwood

{n: Bumelia, genus Bumelia} deciduous or evergreen American shrubs small trees having very hard wood and milky latex

{n: Bursera, genus Bursera} type genus of Burseraceae; tropical and subtropical American shrubs and trees some yielding timber and gum elemi

{n: Burseraceae, family Burseraceae, torchwood family} resinous or aromatic chiefly tropical shrubs or trees

{n: Butea, genus Butea} genus of East Indian trees or shrubs: dhak

{n: Buxaceae, family Buxaceae, box family} widely distributed evergreen shrubs and trees

{n: Caesalpinia, genus Caesalpinia} small spiny tropical trees or shrubs; includes the small genus or subgenus Poinciana

{n: Caesalpiniaceae, family Caesalpiniaceae} spiny trees, shrubs, or perennial herbs, including the genera Caesalpinia, Cassia, Ceratonia, Bauhinia; commonly included in the family Leguminosae

{n: California privet, Ligustrum ovalifolium} semi-evergreen Japanese shrub having malodorous flowers; used extensively for hedges because more likely to stay green that common privet

{n: California sagebrush, California sage, Artemisia californica} low ashy-grey California shrub

{n: Callitris, genus Callitris} evergreen monoecious coniferous trees or shrubs: cypress pines

{n: Calycanthaceae, family Calycanthaceae, calycanthus family, strawberry-shrub family} shrubs or small trees having aromatic bark; the eastern United States and eastern Asia

{n: Capparis, genus Capparis} tropical or subtropical evergreen shrubs or small trees

{n: Caprifoliaceae, family Caprifoliaceae, honeysuckle family} shrubs and small trees and woody vines

{n: Cardiospermum, genus Cardiospermum} tendril-climbing herbs or shrubs whose seeds have a white heart-shaped spot

{n: Carolina allspice, strawberry shrub, strawberry bush, sweet shrub, Calycanthus floridus} hardy shrub of southeastern United States having clove-scented wood and fragrant red-brown flowers

{n: Carolina buckthorn, indian cherry, Rhamnus carolinianus} deciduous shrub of eastern and central United States having black berrylike fruit; golden-yellow in autumn

{n: Carpinus, genus Carpinus} mostly deciduous monoecious trees or shrubs: hornbeams; sometimes placed in subfamily Carpinaceae

{n: Cassiope, genus Cassiope} low tufted evergreen shrubs of colder parts of north temperate regions having mosslike foliage and nodding white or pink flowers

{n: Castanopsis, genus Castanopsis} evergreen trees and shrubs of warm regions valued for their foliage; southeastern United States and eastern Australia and northern New Zealand

{n: Casuarinales, order Casuarinales} order of chiefly Australian trees and shrubs comprising the casuarinas; 1 family: Casuarinaceae

{n: Catalina cherry, Prunus lyonii} evergreen shrub or small tree found on Catalina Island (California)

{n: Catha edulis} a shrub that is cultivated by Arabs for its leaves which are chewed or used to make tea

{n: Catha, genus Catha} a genus of African evergreen shrubs characterized by thick leaves and white flowers

{n: Celastraceae, family Celastraceae, spindle-tree family, staff-tree family} trees and shrubs and woody vines usually having bright-colored fruits

{n: Celastrus, genus Celastrus} genus of woody vines and erect shrubs (type genus of the Celastraceae) that is native chiefly to Asia and Australia: includes bittersweet

{n: Celtis, genus Celtis} large genus of trees and shrubs with berrylike fruit

{n: Cercidium, genus Cercidium} spiny shrubs or small trees sometimes placed in genus Parkinsonia: paloverde

{n: Cercis, genus Cercis} deciduous shrubs and trees of eastern Asia, southern Europe and the United States

{n: Cestrum, genus Cestrum} genus of fragrant tropical American shrubs

{n: Chilean nut, Chile nut, Chile hazel, Chilean hazelnut, Guevina heterophylla, Guevina avellana} Chilean shrub bearing coral-red fruit with an edible seed resembling a hazelnut

{n: Chilean rimu, Lepidothamnus fonkii} about the hardiest Podocarpaceae species; prostrate spreading shrub similar to mountain rimu; mountains of southern Chile

{n: Chimonanthus, genus Chimonanthus} small genus of Asian deciduous or evergreen shrubs having fragrant flowers: winter sweet

{n: China rose, Chinese hibiscus, Rose of China, shoeblack plant, shoe black, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis} large showy Asiatic shrub or small tree having large single or double red to deep-red flowers

{n: Chinese holly, Ilex cornuta} dense rounded evergreen shrub of China having spiny leaves; widely cultivated as an ornamental

{n: Chinese pea tree, Caragana sinica} shrub with dark-green glossy foliage and solitary pale yellow flowers; northern China

{n: Chinese privet, white wax tree, Ligustrum lucidum} erect evergreen treelike shrub of China and Korea and Japan having acuminate leaves and flowers in long erect panicles; resembles Japanese privet

{n: Chiococca, genus Chiococca} shrubs of tropical and subtropical New World

{n: Chionanthus, genus Chionanthus} deciduous trees or shrubs: fringe tree

{n: Chloranthaceae, family Chloranthaceae} small family of tropical herbs and shrubs and trees

{n: Chorizema, genus Chorizema} genus of Australian twining vines and small shrubs: flame peas

{n: Christ's-thorn, Jerusalem thorn, Paliurus spina-christi} thorny Eurasian shrub with dry woody winged fruit

{n: Christmas bush, Christmas tree, Ceratopetalum gummiferum} Australian tree or shrub with red flowers; often used in Christmas decoration

{n: Christmasberry, Christmas berry, Lycium carolinianum} spiny evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having spreading branches usually blue or mauve flowers and red berries

{n: Chrysophyllum, genus Chrysophyllum} tropical American evergreen trees or shrubs

{n: Chrysothamnus, genus Chrysothamnus} genus of low branching shrubs of western North America

{n: Cinnamomum, genus Cinnamomum} Asiatic and Australian aromatic trees and shrubs

{n: Cistaceae, family Cistaceae, rockrose family} shrubs or woody herbs of temperate regions especially Mediterranean

{n: Cistus, genus Cistus} small to medium-sized evergreen shrubs of southern Europe and North Africa

{n: Clethra, genus Clethra} type and sole genus of the Clethraceae; deciduous shrubs or small trees: white alder, summer-sweet

{n: Clitoria, genus Clitoria} genus of tropical shrubs or vines having pinnate leaves and large axillary flowers

{n: Cocculus, genus Cocculus} climbing plants or shrubs

{n: Codiaeum, genus Codiaeum} evergreen tropical trees and shrubs with thick and colorful leathery leaves; Malaya and Pacific islands

{n: Colubrina, genus Colubrina} mostly tropical American shrubs or small trees with small yellowish flowers and yellow or red fruits

{n: Colutea, genus Colutea} small genus of Eurasian shrubs with yellow flowers and bladdery pods

{n: Combretaceae, family Combretaceae, combretum family} a family of tropical trees and shrubs of the order Myrtales

{n: Coniferales, order Coniferales} profusely branching and chiefly evergreen trees and some shrubs having narrow or needlelike leaves

{n: Connaraceae, family Connaraceae, zebrawood family} mostly tropical climbing shrubs or small trees; closely related to Leguminosae

{n: Connarus, genus Connarus} large genus of tropical trees and shrubs; type genus of the Connaraceae

{n: Connemara heath, St. Dabeoc's heath, Daboecia cantabrica} low straggling evergreen shrub of western Europe represented by several varieties with flowers from white to rose-purple

{n: Conospermum, genus Conospermum} Australian shrubs (some trees) with flowers in dense spikes: smoke bush

{n: Conradina, genus Conradina} small genus of low aromatic shrubs of southeastern United States

{n: Cordia, genus Cordia} tropical deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs of the family Boraginaceae

{n: Cordyline, genus Cordyline} Asiatic and Pacific trees or shrubs; fragments of the trunk will regrow to form whole plants

{n: Cornish heath, Erica vagans} bushy shrub having pink to white flowers; common on the moors of Cornwall and in southwestern Europe; cultivated elsewhere

{n: Cornus, genus Cornus} a rosid dicot genus of the family Cornaceae including: dogwood; cornel: perennial chiefly deciduous shrubs or small trees of temperate regions of northern hemisphere

{n: Corokia, genus Corokia} evergreen shrubs with intricately twisted wiry stems that in summer are smothered in small yellow flowers; grows in New Zealand

{n: Corylopsis, genus Corylopsis} small genus of deciduous shrubs of temperate regions of Asia

{n: Corylus, genus Corylus} deciduous monoecious nut-bearing shrubs of small trees: hazel; sometimes placed in the subfamily or family Corylaceae

{n: Cotoneaster dammeri} climbing evergreen shrub with white flowers and red berries; often used as ground cover

{n: Cotoneaster horizontalis} deciduous flat-growing shrub with a fanned herringbone pattern and having reddish flowers and orange-red berries; used as a ground cover

{n: Crassula, genus Crassula} type genus of Crassulaceae; herbs and small shrubs having woody stems and succulent aerial parts

{n: Crassulaceae, family Crassulaceae, stonecrop family} succulent shrubs and herbs

{n: Crataegus, genus Crataegus} thorny shrubs and small trees: hawthorn; thorn; thorn apple

{n: Crateva, genus Crateva} tropical genus of small trees or shrubs

{n: Cunoniaceae, family Cunoniaceae, cunonia family} trees or shrubs or climbers; mostly southern hemisphere

{n: Cyrilliaceae, family Cyrilliaceae, cyrilla family, titi family} shrubs and trees with leathery leaves and small white flowers in racemes: genera Cyrilla and Cliftonia

{n: Cytisus, genus Cytisus} large genus of stiff or spiny evergreen or deciduous Old World shrubs: broom

{n: Dacrycarpus, genus Dacrycarpus} evergreen coniferous shrubs or trees of New Zealand to Malaysia and Philippines

{n: Dacrydium, genus Dacrydium} Australasian evergreen trees or shrubs

{n: Dalmatian laburnum, Petteria ramentacea, Cytisus ramentaceus} erect shrub having large trifoliate leaves and dense clusters of yellow flowers followed by poisonous seeds; Yugoslavia; sometimes placed in genus Cytisus

{n: Daviesia, genus Daviesia} genus of Australasian shrubs and subshrubs having small yellow or purple flowers followed by short triangular pods

{n: Desmanthus, genus Desmanthus} genus of American herbs or shrubs with sensitive pinnate leaves and small whitish flowers

{n: Diervilla, genus Diervilla} small genus of low deciduous shrubs: bush honeysuckles

{n: Dilleniaceae, family Dilleniaceae} chiefly tropical shrubs and trees and climbers having leathery leaves or flattened leaflike stems: genera Dillenia and Hibbertia

{n: Dilleniidae, subclass Dilleniidae} a group of families of more or less advanced trees and shrubs and herbs having either polypetalous or gamopetalous corollas and often with ovules attached to the walls of the ovary; contains 69 families including Ericaceae and Cruciferae and Malvaceae; sometimes classified as a superorder

{n: Diospyros, genus Diospyros} a genus of trees or shrubs that have beautiful and valuable wood

{n: Dipteronia, genus Dipteronia} small genus of large deciduous shrubs having large clusters of winged seeds that turn red as they mature; central and southern China

{n: Dirca, genus Dirca} deciduous shrub of North America: leatherwood

{n: Dodonaea, genus Dodonaea} a genus of tropical shrub or tree

{n: Dovyalis, genus Dovyalis} small genus of sometimes spiny shrubs or small trees; Africa; India; Sri Lanka

{n: Dracocephalum, genus Dracocephalum} genus of American herbs and dwarf shrubs of the mind family: dragonheads

{n: Drimys, genus Drimys} shrubs and trees of southern hemisphere having aromatic foliage

{n: Droseraceae, family Droseraceae, sundew family} a family of carnivorous herbs and shrubs

{n: Ebenales, order Ebenales} trees or shrubs of the families Ebenaceae or Sapotaceae or Styracaceae or Symplocaceae

{n: Echium, genus Echium} a genus of bristly herbs and shrubs of the family Boraginaceae

{n: Elaeagnaceae, family Elaeagnaceae, oleaster family} shrubs or small trees often armed

{n: Elaeocarpaceae, family Elaeocarpaceae, elaeocarpus family} genus of trees and shrubs widely distributed in warm regions some yielding useful timber; in some classifications included in the family Santalaceae

{n: Embothrium, genus Embothrium} small genus of South American evergreen shrubs or small trees with long willowy branches and flowers in flamboyant terminal clusters

{n: Empetraceae, family Empetraceae, crowberry family} heathlike shrubs

{n: Encelia, genus Encelia} genus of shrubs of southwestern United States and Mexico: brittlebush

{n: English lavender, Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula officinalis} aromatic Mediterranean shrub widely cultivated for its lilac flowers which are dried and used in sachets

{n: Entelea, genus Entelea} a genus of evergreen shrub that grows in New Zealand

{n: Epacridaceae, family Epacridaceae, epacris family} Australasian shrubs or small trees

{n: Epigaea, genus Epigaea} small creeping evergreen shrubs: trailing arbutus

{n: Eriodictyon, genus Eriodictyon} small genus of evergreen shrubs of southwestern United States and Mexico

{n: Eriophyllum, genus Eriophyllum} genus of hairy herbs and shrubs of western North America

{n: Erythroxylon coca, coca, coca plant} a South American shrub whose leaves are chewed by natives of the Andes; a source of cocaine

{n: Erythroxylon truxiuense} a South American shrub whose leaves are a source of cocaine

{n: Erythroxylon, genus Erythroxylon, Erythroxylum, genus Erythroxylum} a large genus of South American shrubs and small trees of the family Erythroxylaceae

{n: Eugenia, genus Eugenia} tropical trees and shrubs with aromatic leaves and often valuable hard wood

{n: Euonymus, genus Euonymus} widely distributed chiefly evergreen shrubs or small trees or vines

{n: European fly honeysuckle, European honeysuckle, Lonicera xylosteum} cultivated Eurasian shrub with twin yellowish-white flowers and scarlet fruit

{n: European red elder, red-berried elder, Sambucus racemosa} Eurasian shrub

{n: Fabiana, genus Fabiana} genus of South and Central American heathlike evergreen shrubs

{n: Fagaceae, family Fagaceae, beech family} chiefly monoecious trees and shrubs: beeches; chestnuts; oaks; genera Castanea, Castanopsis, Chrysolepis, Fagus, Lithocarpus, Nothofagus, Quercus

{n: Falcatifolium, genus Falcatifolium} sickle pines: dioecious evergreen tropical trees and shrubs having sickle-shaped leaves; similar to Dacrycarpus in habit; Malaysia and Philippines to New Guinea and New Caledonia

{n: Ficus, genus Ficus} large genus of tropical trees or shrubs or climbers including fig trees

{n: Firmiana, genus Firmiana} small genus of Asian trees or shrubs

{n: Flacourtia, genus Flacourtia} often spiny trees or shrubs of tropical Asia and Africa

{n: Flacourtiaceae, family Flacourtiaceae, flacourtia family} chiefly tropical trees and shrubs

{n: Fortunella, genus Fortunella} small genus of shrubs native to south China producing small ovoid fruits resembling oranges: includes kumquats

{n: Fouquieria, genus Fouquieria} resinous succulent trees or shrubs of desert and semidesert regions of southwestern United States that are leafless most of the year

{n: Fouquieriaceae, family Fouquieriaceae} small family of spiny shrubs or trees of southwestern United States

{n: Garcinia, genus Garcinia} evergreen trees and shrubs: mangosteens

{n: Gaultheria, genus Gaultheria} widely distributed genus of creeping or upright evergreen shrubs

{n: Gaylussacia, genus Gaylussacia} deciduous or evergreen shrubs of North America: black huckleberries

{n: Gelsemium, genus Gelsemium} evergreen twining shrubs of Americas and southeastern Asia

{n: Genista, genus Genista} chiefly deciduous shrubs or small trees of Mediterranean area and western Asia: broom

{n: Geoffroea, genus Geoffroea} small genus of shrubs or small trees of tropical and subtropical America

{n: Geogia holly} a holly shrub

{n: Gesneriaceae, family Gesneriaceae, gesneria family} large family of tropical herbs or shrubs or lianas; in some classification systems placed in the order Scrophulariales

{n: Goodenia} a genus of shrubs and herbs that grow in Australia and New Guinea and Malaysia and southeast Asia

{n: Gossypium, genus Gossypium} herbs and shrubs and small trees: cotton

{n: Grewia, genus Grewia} a genus of tropical and subtropical Old World climbers or shrubs or trees

{n: Griselinia, genus Griselinia} evergreen shrubs of New Zealand and South America

{n: Guaiacum, genus Guaiacum} small genus of evergreen resinous trees or shrubs of warm and tropical America

{n: Guttiferae, family Guttiferae, Clusiaceae, family Clusiaceae, St John's wort family} widely distributed family of chiefly tropical trees and shrubs and vines that produce oils and resins and some usable timber

{n: Haematoxylum, genus Haematoxylum, Haematoxylon, genus Haematoxylon} small genus of tropical American spiny bushy shrubs or trees

{n: Hakea, genus Hakea} Australian shrubs and small trees with evergreen usually spiny leaves and dense clusters of showy flowers

{n: Halesia, genus Halesia} deciduous small trees or shrubs of China and eastern North America

{n: Halocarpus, genus Halocarpus} dioecious trees or shrubs of New Zealand; similar in habit to Dacrydium

{n: Hamamelis, genus Hamamelis} deciduous shrubs or small trees: witch hazel

{n: Haplopappus, genus Haplopappus} genus of North and South American perennial herbs or shrubs with yellow flowers; in some classifications include species placed in other genera especially Hazardia

{n: Hazardia, genus Hazardia} small genus of shrubs and subshrubs of western United States having flowers that change color as they mature

{n: Helichrysum, genus Helichrysum} large genus of mostly African and Australian herbs and shrubs: everlasting flowers; in some classifications includes genus Ozothamnus

{n: Helicteres, genus Helicteres} genus of shrubs and small trees of tropical America and Asia having cylindrical fruits spirally twisted around one another

{n: Helipterum, genus Helipterum} genus of South African and Australian herbs or shrubs grown as everlastings; the various Helipterum species are currently in process of being assigned to other genera especially genera Pteropogon and Hyalosperma

{n: Helwingia, genus Helwingia} deciduous dioecious shrubs native to woodland thickets in low mountains in Japan

{n: Hibbertia, genus Hibbertia} evergreen heathlike or scandent shrubs of Madagascar; Australasia; Polynesia

{n: Himalaya honeysuckle, Leycesteria formosa} shrub honeysuckle with drooping spikes of purplish flowers

{n: Himalayan lilac, Syringa emodi} robust upright shrub of mountains of northern India having oblong-elliptic leaves and pale lilac or white malodorous flowers

{n: Hoheria, genus Hoheria} small genus of shrubs and small trees of New Zealand: lacebarks

{n: Holarrhena, genus Holarrhena} genus of deciduous trees and shrubs of tropical Africa and Asia

{n: Hungarian lilac, Syringa josikaea, Syringa josikea} central European upright shrub having elliptic leaves and upright clusters of lilac or deep violet flowers

{n: Hybanthus, genus Hybanthus} a genus of herbs and small shrubs with white or purple flowers; grows in tropical or subtropical regions

{n: Hymenanthera, genus Hymenanthera} a genus of slender evergreen shrubs; grow in Australia and New Zealand

{n: Hypericum, genus Hypericum} large almost cosmopolitan genus of evergreen or deciduous shrubs and herbs with often showy yellow flowers; cosmopolitan except tropical lowlands and arctic or high altitudes and desert regions

{n: Ilex, genus Ilex} a large genus of dicotyledonous trees and shrubs of the family Aquifoliaceae that have small flowers and berries (including hollies)

{n: Indian rhododendron, Melastoma malabathricum} evergreen spreading shrub of India and southeastern Asia having large purple flowers

{n: Indigofera, genus Indigofera} genus of tropical herbs and shrubs having odd-pinnate leaves and spurred flowers in long racemes or spikes

{n: Italian honeysuckle, Italian woodbine, Lonicera caprifolium} deciduous climbing shrub with fragrant yellow-white flowers in axillary whorls

{n: Jacksonia, genus Jacksonia} genus of yellow-flowered Australian unarmed or spiny shrubs without true leaves but having leaflike stems or branches

{n: Japan allspice, Japanese allspice, winter sweet, Chimonanthus praecox} deciduous Japanese shrub cultivated for its fragrant yellow flowers

{n: Japanese angelica tree, Aralia elata} deciduous clump-forming Asian shrub or small tree; adventive in the eastern United States

{n: Japanese barberry, Berberis thunbergii} compact deciduous shrub having persistent red berries; widespread in cultivation especially for hedges

{n: Japanese maple, Acer palmatum} ornamental shrub or small tree of Japan and Korea with deeply incised leaves; cultivated in many varieties

{n: Japanese privet, Ligustrum japonicum} evergreen shrub of Japan and Korea having small dark leaves and flowers in loose panicles; related to but smaller than Chinese privet

{n: Japanese quince, Chaenomeles speciosa} deciduous thorny shrub native to China having red or white blossoms

{n: Jasminum, genus Jasminum} shrubs and woody climbers mostly of tropical and temperate Old World: jasmine; jessamine

{n: Jerusalem cherry, winter cherry, Madeira winter cherry, Solanum pseudocapsicum} small South American shrub cultivated as a houseplant for its abundant ornamental but poisonous red or yellow cherry-sized fruit

{n: Jerusalem thorn, horsebean, Parkinsonia aculeata} large shrub or shrubby tree having sharp spines and pinnate leaves with small deciduous leaflets and sweet-scented racemose yellow-orange flowers; grown as ornamentals or hedging or emergency food for livestock; tropical America but naturalized in southern United States

{n: Jewbush, Jew-bush, Jew bush, redbird cactus, redbird flower, Pedilanthus tithymaloides} low tropical American shrub having powerful emetic properties

{n: Juneberry, serviceberry, service tree, shadbush, shadblow} any of various North American trees or shrubs having showy white flowers and edible blue-black or purplish fruit

{n: Jupiter's beard, silverbush, silver-bush, Anthyllis barba-jovis} silvery hairy European shrub with evergreen foliage and pale yellow flowers

{n: Kiggelaria, genus Kiggelaria} small genus of South African shrubs or small trees

{n: Kirkia, genus Kirkia} small genus of tropical South African trees and shrubs

{n: Knightia, genus Knightia} small genus of trees or shrubs of New Zealand and New Caledonia

{n: Labiatae, family Labiatae, Lamiaceae, family Lamiaceae, mint family} the mints: aromatic herbs and shrubs having flowers resembling the lips of a mouth and four-lobed ovaries yielding four one-seeded nutlets and including thyme; sage; rosemary

{n: Labrador tea, crystal tea, Ledum groenlandicum} evergreen shrub of eastern North America having white or creamy bell-shaped flowers and dark green hairy leaves used for tea during American Revolution

{n: Laburnum, genus Laburnum} flowering shrubs or trees having bright yellow flowers; all parts of the plant are poisonous

{n: Lagerstroemia, genus Lagerstroemia} shrubs or small trees of tropical Asia and Africa usually with showy white, pink, or purplish flowers

{n: Lambertia, genus Lambertia} small genus of Australian shrubs

{n: Lardizabalaceae, family Lardizabalaceae, lardizabala family} thick-stemmed lianas and some shrubs; some have edible fruit

{n: Larrea, genus Larrea} xerophytic evergreen shrubs; South America to southwestern United States

{n: Laurus, genus Laurus} small evergreen trees or shrubs with aromatic leaves

{n: Lavatera, genus Lavatera} widespread genus of herbs or softwood arborescent shrubs cultivated for their showy flowers

{n: Ledum, genus Ledum} evergreen shrubs of north temperate regions

{n: Leguminosae, family Leguminosae, Fabaceae, family Fabaceae, legume family, pea family} a large family of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs bearing bean pods; divided for convenience into the subfamilies Caesalpiniaceae; Mimosaceae; Papilionaceae

{n: Leucadendron, genus Leucadendron} large genus of evergreen trees and shrubs having silvery white leaves and solitary terminal flowers with conspicuous silvery bracts

{n: Leucaena, genus Leucaena} small genus of tropical evergreen trees or shrubs having pods like those of the acacia

{n: Leycesteria, genus Leycesteria} small species of shrubs of western Himalayas to China

{n: Ligustrum obtusifolium} small deciduous shrub having graceful arching branches and luxuriant foliage

{n: Ligustrum, genus Ligustrum} genus of Old World shrubs: privet

{n: Lindera, genus Lindera} aromatic evergreen or deciduous dioecious shrubs or trees of eastern Asia and North America

{n: Logania, genus Logania} type genus of the Loganiaceae; Australian and New Zealand shrubs sometimes cultivated for their flowers

{n: Lonchocarpus, genus Lonchocarpus} genus of chiefly tropical American shrubs and trees having pinnate leaves and red or white flowers

{n: Loranthaceae, family Loranthaceae, mistletoe family} in some classification includes Viscaceae: parasitic or hemiparasitic shrublets or shrubs or small trees of tropical and temperate regions; attach to hosts by haustoria

{n: Lupinus, genus Lupinus} herbs or shrubs: lupin

{n: Lycium, genus Lycium} deciduous and evergreen shrubs often spiny; cosmopolitan in temperate and subtropical regions

{n: Lyonia, genus Lyonia} evergreen or deciduous shrubs or small trees of United States to Antilles and eastern Asia to the Himalaya

{n: Lysiloma, genus Lysiloma} small genus of tropical American trees and shrubs with pinnate leaves and flat straight pods

{n: Lythraceae, family Lythraceae, loosestrife family} herbs and shrubs and small trees with pink or purple flowers

{n: Maclura, genus Maclura} yellowwood trees or shrubs

{n: Magnoliidae, subclass Magnoliidae, ranalian complex} a group of families or trees and shrubs and herbs having well-developed perianths and apocarpous ovaries and generally regarded as the most primitive extant flowering plants; contains 36 families including Magnoliaceae and Ranunculaceae; sometimes classified as a superorder

{n: Mahonia, genus Mahonia} evergreen shrubs and small trees of North and Central America and Asia

{n: Malacothamnus, genus Malacothamnus} genus of shrubs or small trees: chaparral mallow

{n: Malpighiaceae, family Malpighiaceae} tropical shrubs or trees

{n: Malvaceae, family Malvaceae, mallow family} herbs and shrubs and some trees: mallows; cotton; okra

{n: Malvaviscus, genus Malvaviscus} small genus of shrubs of Central and South America: wax mallows

{n: Medinilla magnifica} a beautiful tropical evergreen epiphytic shrub grown for its lush foliage and huge panicles of pink flowers; Philippines

{n: Medinilla, genus Medinilla} tropical Old World ornamental evergreen shrubs having fleshy leaves and large panicles of white pink flowers

{n: Melastoma, genus Melastoma} type genus of Melastomataceae; Asiatic shrubs with leathery leaves and large purple flowers followed by edible fleshy black berries

{n: Meliaceae, family Meliaceae, mahogany family} tropical trees and shrubs including many important timber and ornamental trees

{n: Melicoccus, genus Melicoccus, Melicocca, genus Melicocca} tropical American trees and shrubs bearing berries

{n: Melicytus, genus Melicytus} a genus of deciduous shrubs or trees; fruit is a berry; grow in New Zealand and Fiji and Solomon Islands

{n: Menziesia, genus Menziesia} deciduous shrubs of North America and eastern Asia

{n: Mexican sunflower, tithonia} any plant of the genus Tithonia; tall coarse herbs or shrubs of Mexico to Panama having large flower heads resembling sunflowers with yellow disc florets and golden-yellow to orange-scarlet rays

{n: Microstrobos, genus Microstrobos} 2 species of small evergreen shrubs of Australia and Tasmania

{n: Mimosaceae, family Mimosaceae} family of spiny woody plants (usually shrubs or small trees) whose leaves mimic animals in sensitivity to touch; commonly included in the family Leguminosae

{n: Moraceae, family Moraceae, mulberry family} trees or shrubs having a milky juice; in some classifications includes genus Cannabis

{n: Morrow's honeysuckle, Lonicera morrowii} a grey deciduous honeysuckle shrub paired white flowers turning yellow; Japan

{n: Myrciaria, genus Myrciaria, Myrcia} a genus of tropical American trees and shrubs of the myrtle family

{n: Myrica, genus Myrica} deciduous aromatic shrubs or small trees

{n: Myricaria, genus Myricaria} small genus of deciduous shrubs or subshrubs of southern Europe to Siberia and China; tolerant of chalky soil

{n: Myrsinaceae, family Myrsinaceae, myrsine family} family of Old World tropical trees and shrubs; some in Florida

{n: Myrsine, genus Myrsine} evergreen trees and shrubs having aromatic foliage; Africa; Asia (New Zealand)

{n: Myrtaceae, family Myrtaceae, myrtle family} trees and shrubs yielding a fragrant oil

{n: Mysore thorn, Caesalpinia decapetala, Caesalpinia sepiaria} spreading thorny shrub of tropical Asia bearing large erect racemes of red-marked yellow flowers

{n: Nauclea, genus Nauclea} small genus of evergreen tropical shrubs or trees with smooth leathery leaves

{n: New Zealand daisybush, Olearia haastii} bushy New Zealand shrub cultivated for its fragrant white flower heads

{n: Newfoundland dwarf birch, American dwarf birch, Betula glandulosa} small shrub of colder parts of North America and Greenland

{n: Nicotiana, genus Nicotiana} American and Asiatic aromatic herbs and shrubs with viscid foliage

{n: Ochna, genus Ochna} type genus of Ochnaceae; evergreen trees and shrubs of Old World tropics

{n: Ochnaceae, family Ochnaceae, ochna family} family of tropical evergreen trees and shrubs with thick shining parallel-veined leaves

{n: Olea, genus Olea} evergreen trees and shrubs having oily one-seeded fruits

{n: Oleaceae, family Oleaceae, olive family} trees and shrubs having berries or drupes or capsules as fruits; sometimes placed in the order Oleales: olive; ash; jasmine; privet; lilac

{n: Olearia, genus Olearia} large genus of Australian evergreen shrubs or small trees with large daisylike flowers

{n: Oregon crab apple, Malus fusca} small tree or shrub of western United States having white blossoms and tiny yellow or red fruit

{n: Oregon grape, Mahonia nervosa} small shrub with grey-green leaves and yellow flowers followed by glaucous blue berries

{n: Oregon grape, Oregon holly grape, hollygrape, mountain grape, holly-leaves barberry, Mahonia aquifolium} ornamental evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having dark green pinnate leaves and racemes of yellow flowers followed by blue-black berries

{n: Oriental arborvitae, Thuja orientalis, Platycladus orientalis} Asiatic shrub or small tree widely planted in United States and Europe; in some classifications assigned to its own genus

{n: Orites, genus Orites} small genus of Australian shrubs or trees

{n: Ormosia, genus Ormosia} genus of tropical shrubs and trees having usually odd-pinnate leaves with large leaflets and pink to reddish wood

{n: Osmanthus, genus Osmanthus} widely distributed genus of evergreen shrubs or trees of southern United States and Middle East and China and Japan

{n: Ostryopsis, genus Ostryopsis} deciduous monoecious shrubs of China and Mongolia resembling trees of the genus Ostrya; sometimes placed in subfamily or family Carpinaceae

{n: Oxytropis, genus Oxytropis} large widely-distributed genus of evergreen shrubs or subshrubs having odd-pinnate leaves and racemose or spicate flowers each having a pea-like corolla with a clawed petal

{n: Ozothamnus, genus Ozothamnus} genus of Australian shrubs and perennial herbs; sometimes included in genus Helichrysum

{n: Paeoniaceae, family Paeoniaceae, peony family} perennial rhizomatous herbs and shrubs; of temperate Europe and North America

{n: Paliurus, genus Paliurus} thorny Eurasian shrubs

{n: Palmae, family Palmae, Palmaceae, family Palmaceae, Arecaceae, family Arecaceae, palm family} chiefly tropical trees and shrubs and vines usually having a tall columnar trunk bearing a crown of very large leaves; coextensive with the order Palmales

{n: Panama redwood tree, Panama redwood, Platymiscium pinnatum} large erect shrub of Columbia having large odd-pinnate leaves with large leaflets and axillary racemes of fragrant yellow flowers

{n: Papaveraceae, family Papaveraceae, poppy family} herbs or shrubs having milky and often colored juices and capsular fruits

{n: Parkinsonia, genus Parkinsonia} small genus of spiny shrubs or small trees

{n: Parry manzanita, Arctostaphylos manzanita} erect treelike shrub forming dense thickets and having drooping panicles of white or pink flowers and red berrylike drupes; California

{n: Parthenium, genus Parthenium} small genus of North American herbs and shrubs with terminal panicles of small ray flowers

{n: Pedilanthus, genus Pedilanthus} tropical American succulent shrubs

{n: Persian lilac, Syringa persica} small densely branching Asiatic shrub having lanceolate leaves and panicles of fragrant lilac flowers

{n: Phillyrea, genus Phillyrea} small genus of evergreen shrubs of the Mediterranean region

{n: Photinia, genus Photinia} genus of deciduous and evergreen east Asian trees and shrubs widely cultivated as ornamentals for their white flowers and red fruits; in some classifications includes genus Heteromeles

{n: Phyllodoce, genus Phyllodoce} small genus of evergreen arctic and alpine shrubs

{n: Phytolaccaceae, family Phytolaccaceae, pokeweed family} chiefly tropical herbaceous plants (including shrubs and trees) with racemose flowers: genera Phytolacca, Agdestis, Ercilla, Rivina, Trichostigma

{n: Pieris, genus Pieris} decorative evergreen shrubs of woody vines

{n: Pinckneya, genus Pinckneya} small genus of shrubs or small trees of southeastern United States and northern South America

{n: Piper, genus Piper} type genus of the Piperaceae: large genus of chiefly climbing tropical shrubs

{n: Piptadenia, genus Piptadenia} tropical American trees and shrubs; often placed in other genera

{n: Piscidia, genus Piscidia} genus of shrubs or small trees having indehiscent pods with black seeds; roots and bark yield fish poisons

{n: Pisonia, genus Pisonia} genus of often thorny tropical trees and shrubs and some vines; mainly America

{n: Pithecellobium, genus Pithecellobium, Pithecolobium, genus Pithecolobium} thorny shrubs and trees of tropical and subtropical America and Asia

{n: Plagianthus, genus Plagianthus} small genus of shrubs and trees of Australia and New Zealand

{n: Plantaginaceae, family Plantaginaceae, plantain family} cosmopolitan family of small herbs and a few shrubs; most are troublesome weeds

{n: Platylobium, genus Platylobium} small genus of Australian evergreen leguminous shrubs or subshrubs

{n: Plumbaginaceae, family Plumbaginaceae, leadwort family, sea-lavender family} perennial herbs and shrubs and lianas; cosmopolitan especially in saltwater areas

{n: Plumeria, genus Plumeria, Plumiera} deciduous shrubs and trees of tropical America having branches like candelabra and fragrant white or pink flowers

{n: Podalyria, genus Podalyria} genus of South African leguminous shrubs often placed in genus Sophora

{n: Podocarpus, genus Podocarpus} evergreen trees or shrubs; sometimes classified as member of the family Taxaceae

{n: Pogostemon, genus Pogostemon} genus of Asiatic shrubs or trees whose leaves yield a fragrant oil

{n: Poinciana, subgenus Poinciana} small subgenus of ornamental tropical shrubs or trees; not recognized in some classifications

{n: Polygalaceae, family Polygalaceae, milkwort family} trees, shrubs, and herbs widely distributed throughout both hemispheres

{n: Pomaderris, genus Pomaderris} a genus of Australasian shrubs and trees

{n: Port Jackson heath, Epacris purpurascens} small shrub of southern and western Australia having pinkish to rosy purple tubular flowers

{n: Potentilla, genus Potentilla} chiefly perennial northern hemisphere herbs and shrubs: cinquefoil

{n: Poterium, genus Poterium} a genus of thorny herbs or shrubs of the family Rosaceae

{n: Prince-of-Wales'-heath, Prince of Wales heath, Erica perspicua} South African shrub grown for its profusion of white flowers

{n: Prosopis, genus Prosopis} genus of tropical or subtropical branching shrubs or trees: mesquite

{n: Proteaceae, family Proteaceae, protea family} large family of Australian and South African shrubs and trees with leathery leaves and clustered mostly tetramerous flowers; constitutes the order Proteales

{n: Prunus, genus Prunus} a genus of shrubs and trees of the family Rosaceae that is widely distributed in temperate regions

{n: Pseudobombax, genus Pseudobombax} tropical American deciduous shrubs or small trees

{n: Pseudowintera, genus Pseudowintera, Wintera, genus Wintera} evergreen shrubs or small trees of Australia and New Zealand

{n: Psoralea, genus Psoralea} widely distributed genus of herbs or shrubs with glandular compound leaves and spicate or racemose purple or white flowers

{n: Psychotria, genus Psychotria} tropical chiefly South American shrubs and trees

{n: Pterospermum, genus Pterospermum} genus of tropical Asian trees and shrubs

{n: Pyracantha, pyracanth, fire thorn, firethorn} any of various thorny shrubs of the genus Pyracantha bearing small white flowers followed by hard red or orange-red berries

{n: Pyrularia, genus Pyrularia} small genus of chiefly Asiatic parasitic shrubs

{n: Radyera, genus Radyera} very small species of shrubs of southern hemisphere: bush hibiscus

{n: Ranales, order Ranales, Ranunculales, order Ranunculales} herbs, shrubs and trees: includes families Ranunculaceae; Annonaceae; Berberidaceae; Magnoliaceae; Menispermaceae; Myristicaceae; Nymphaeaceae; Lardizabalaceae; Lauraceae; Calycanthaceae; Ceratophyllaceae; Cercidiphyllaceae

{n: Retama, genus Retama} small genus of Mediterranean shrubs; often included in genus Genista

{n: Retrophyllum, genus Retrophyllum} small genus of tropical evergreen dioecious shrubs or trees of Oceania and tropical South America

{n: Rhamnaceae, family Rhamnaceae, buckthorn family} trees and shrubs usually thorny bearing drupaceous fruit many having medicinal value

{n: Rhizophora, genus Rhizophora} type genus of the Rhizophoraceae; a small genus of tropical trees and shrubs

{n: Rhizophoraceae, family Rhizophoraceae, mangrove family} trees and shrubs that usually form dense jungles along tropical seacoasts

{n: Rhus, genus Rhus} deciduous or evergreen shrubs and shrubby trees of temperate and subtropical North America, South Africa, eastern Asia and northeastern Australia; usually limited to nonpoisonous sumacs (see genus Toxicodendron)

{n: Ribes, genus Ribes} a flowering shrub bearing currants or gooseberries; native to northern hemisphere

{n: Richea, genus Richea} evergreen trees or shrubs of mountains of Australia and Tasmania

{n: Robinia, genus Robinia} deciduous flowering trees and shrubs

{n: Rosa, genus Rosa} large genus of erect or climbing prickly shrubs including roses

{n: Rosidae, subclass Rosidae} a group of trees and shrubs and herbs mostly with polypetalous flowers; contains 108 families including Rosaceae; Crassulaceae; Myrtaceae; Melastomaceae; Euphorbiaceae; Umbelliferae

{n: Rubiaceae, family Rubiaceae, madder family} widely distributed family of mostly tropical trees and shrubs and herbs; includes coffee and chinchona and gardenia and madder and bedstraws and partridgeberry

{n: Rumex, genus Rumex} docks: coarse herbs and shrubs mainly native to north temperate regions

{n: Ruscus, genus Ruscus} a genus of European evergreen shrubs; sometimes placed in family Asparagaceae

{n: Russian almond, dwarf Russian almond, Prunus tenella} Asiatic shrub cultivated for its rosy red flowers

{n: Sabinea, genus Sabinea} small genus of deciduous West Indian trees or shrubs: carib wood

{n: Salicaceae, family Salicaceae, willow family} two genera of trees or shrubs having hairy catkins: Salix; Populus

{n: Salix, genus Salix} a large and widespread genus varying in size from small shrubs to large trees: willows

{n: Salsola, genus Salsola} chiefly Old World herbs or shrubs: saltworts

{n: Salvadora, genus Salvadora} genus of evergreen trees or shrubs; fruit is a drupe; grows in Africa through Arabia to India and China

{n: Salvadoraceae, family Salvadoraceae, Salvadora family} a family of Old World shrubs and trees of order Gentianales; related to Oleaceae but having four stamens and four petals

{n: Santalaceae, family Santalaceae, sandalwood family} chiefly tropical herbs or shrubs or trees bearing nuts or one-seeded fruit

{n: Sapindaceae, family Sapindaceae, soapberry family} chiefly tropical New and Old World deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs bearing leathery drupes with yellow translucent flesh; most plants produce toxic saponins

{n: Sapotaceae, family Sapotaceae, sapodilla family} tropical trees or shrubs with milky juice and often edible fleshy fruit

{n: Sarcocephalus, genus Sarcocephalus} genus of tropical African trees and shrubs

{n: Schinus, genus Schinus} genus of evergreen shrubs and trees of tropical and subtropical regions of South and Central America and Canary Islands and China

{n: Schizophragma, genus Schizophragma} small genus of deciduous climbing and creeping shrubs with white flowers in flat clusters; sometimes placed in family Saxifragaceae

{n: Scotch laburnum, Alpine golden chain, Laburnum alpinum} an ornamental shrub or tree of the genus Laburnum

{n: Senecio, genus Senecio} enormous and diverse cosmopolitan genus of trees and shrubs and vines and herbs including many weeds

{n: Siberian pea tree, Caragana arborescens} large spiny shrub of eastern Asia having clusters of yellow flowers; often cultivated in shelterbelts and hedges

{n: Sideritis, genus Sideritis} genus of woolly aromatic herbs or subshrubs or shrubs of Mediterranean region

{n: Sierra plum, Pacific plum, Prunus subcordata} shrub of the Pacific coast of the United States bearing small red insipid fruit

{n: Simarouba, genus Simarouba} type genus of Simaroubaceae; tropical American trees and shrubs having a pale soft wood and bitter bark

{n: Simaroubaceae, family Simaroubaceae, quassia family} chiefly tropical trees and shrubs with bitter bark having dry usually one-seeded winged fruit

{n: Sinningia, genus Sinningia} genus of perennial tuberous herbs and shrubs of Central and South America

{n: Solanaceae, family Solanaceae, potato family} large and economically important family of herbs or shrubs or trees often strongly scented and sometimes narcotic or poisonous; includes the genera Solanum, Atropa, Brugmansia, Capsicum, Datura, Hyoscyamus, Lycopersicon, Nicotiana, Petunia, Physalis, and Solandra

{n: Sonora lac} resembling lac; secreted by a scale living on twigs of certain Mexican shrubs; used locally as medicine

{n: Sophora, genus Sophora} cosmopolitan genus of trees and shrubs having odd-pinnate leaves and showy flowers; some species placed in genus Podalyria

{n: Sorbus, genus Sorbus} a genus of shrubs or trees of the family Rosaceae having feathery leaves

{n: Southern crab apple, flowering crab, Malus angustifolia} small tree or shrub of southeastern United States; cultivated as an ornamental for its rose-colored blossoms

{n: Spanish broom, Spanish gorse, Genista hispanica} erect shrub of southwestern Europe having racemes of golden yellow flowers

{n: Spanish broom, weaver's broom, Spartium junceum} tall thornless shrub having pale yellow flowers and flexible rushlike twigs used in basketry; of southwestern Europe and Mediterranean; naturalized in California

{n: Spanish heath, Portuguese heath, Erica lusitanica} erect dense shrub native to western Iberian peninsula having profuse white or pink flowers; naturalized in southwestern England

{n: Sparmannia, genus Sparmannia} small genus of tropical African shrubs

{n: Stachys, genus Stachys} large genus of usually woolly or hairy herbs or subshrubs or shrubs; temperate eastern hemisphere; tropical Australasia

{n: Staphylea, genus Staphylea} a genus of small trees or shrubs of the family Staphylaceae

{n: Stenotus, genus Stenotus} genus of western North American low evergreen shrubs growing in dense tufts

{n: Strongylodon, genus Strongylodon} genus of Polynesian or southeastern Asian shrubs or vines

{n: Styphelia, genus Styphelia} Australian heathlike shrubs

{n: Styracaceae, family Styracaceae, storax family, styrax family} a widely distributed family of shrubs and trees of order Ebenales

{n: Symphoricarpos, genus Symphoricarpos} deciduous shrubs of North America and Central America and China

{n: Syngonium, genus Syngonium} epiphytic or terrestrial climbing shrubs of Central and South America; used as ornamental houseplants for their velvety foliage

{n: Syringa, genus Syringa} genus of Old World shrubs or low trees having fragrant flowers in showy panicles: lilacs

{n: Tabernaemontana, genus Tabernaemontana} evergreen tropical trees and shrubs with milky sap

{n: Tamaricaceae, family Tamaricaceae, tamarisk family} family of desert shrubs and trees (mostly halophytes and xerophytes)

{n: Tamarix, genus Tamarix} genus of deciduous shrubs or small trees of eastern Mediterranean regions and tropical Asia

{n: Tasman dwarf pine, Microstrobos niphophilus} small shrub or Tasmania having short stiff branches

{n: Telopea, genus Telopea} Australian evergreen shrubs: waratahs

{n: Templetonia, genus Templetonia} genus of Australian shrubs or subshrubs: coral bush

{n: Tephrosia, genus Tephrosia} genus of tropical and subtropical herbs or shrubs: hoary peas

{n: Teucrium, genus Teucrium} large widely distributed genus of perennial herbs or shrubs or subshrubs; native to Mediterranean region to western Asia

{n: Theaceae, family Theaceae, tea family} a family of trees and shrubs of the order Parietales

{n: Theophrastaceae, family Theophrastaceae} family of mainly tropical American trees and shrubs similar to those of the Myrsinaceae; often included in the Myrsinaceae

{n: Thevetia, genus Thevetia} genus of poisonous tropical American evergreen shrubs and trees having entire leaves and large cymose flowers

{n: Thymelaeaceae, family Thymelaeaceae, daphne family} family of trees and shrubs and herbs having tough bark that are found especially in Australia and tropical Africa

{n: Tiliaceae, family Tiliaceae, linden family} chiefly trees and shrubs of tropical and temperate regions of especially southeastern Asia and Brazil; genera Tilia, Corchorus, Entelea, Grewia, Sparmannia

{n: Trichostigma, genus Trichostigma} a genus of erect or climbing shrubs found in tropical South America

{n: Ulex, genus Ulex} genus of Eurasian spiny shrubs: gorse

{n: Umbellales, order Umbellales} plants having umbels or corymbs of uniovulate flowers; includes the Umbelliferae (chiefly herbs) and Cornaceae (chiefly trees or shrubs)

{n: Vaccinium, genus Vaccinium} evergreen or deciduous berry-bearing shrubs of northern hemisphere: cranberries; blueberries

{n: Valeriana, genus Valeriana} genus of widely distributed perennial herbs and some shrubs

{n: Vangueria, genus Vangueria} tropical African and Asiatic trees and shrubs having one-seeded fruit

{n: Venetian sumac, wig tree, Cotinus coggygria} Old World shrub having large plumes of yellowish feathery flowers resembling puffs of smoke

{n: Verbenaceae, family Verbenaceae, verbena family, vervain family} family of New World tropical and subtropical herbs and shrubs and trees

{n: Verbesina, genus Verbesina} herbs and shrubs of warm North America to Mexico; includes plants formerly placed in genus Actinomeris

{n: Viburnum, genus Viburnum} deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees: arrow-wood; wayfaring tree

{n: Viminaria, genus Viminaria} one species: Australian leafless shrubs: swamp oak

{n: Virginian witch hazel, Hamamelis virginiana} common shrub of eastern North America having small yellow flowers after the leaves have fallen

{n: Viscum, genus Viscum} type genus of the Viscaceae: Old World evergreen shrubs parasitic on many trees including oaks but especially apple trees, poplars, aspens and cottonwoods

{n: Western sand cherry, Rocky Mountains cherry, Prunus besseyi} dwarf ornamental shrub of western United States having large black to red and yellow sweet edible fruit

{n: Winteraceae, family Winteraceae, winter's bark family} small family of chiefly tropical shrubs and trees of genera Drimys and Pseudowintera; sometimes included in Magnoliaceae

{n: Xylomelum, genus Xylomelum} small species of Australian trees or shrubs; grown for their fruit and flowers

{n: Xylopia, genus Xylopia} tropical evergreen trees or shrubs; chiefly African

{n: Zanthoxylum, genus Zanthoxylum} deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs: prickly ash

{n: Ziziphus, genus Ziziphus} spiny chiefly tropical American and Asiatic shrubs: jujubes

{n: Zygophyllaceae, family Zygophyllaceae, bean-caper family} small trees, shrubs, and herbs of warm arid and saline regions; often resinous; some poisonous: genera Zygophyllum, Tribulus, Guaiacum, Larrea

{n: Zygophyllum, genus Zygophyllum} usually tropical herbs or shrubs having ill-smelling foliage and flower buds that are used as capers: bean capers

{n: abelia} any of various deciduous or evergreen ornamental shrubs of the genus Abelia having opposite simple leaves and cymes of small white or pink or purplish flowers; Asia and Mexico

{n: acacia} any of various spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Acacia

{n: acerola, barbados cherry, surinam cherry, West Indian cherry} acid red or yellow cherry-like fruit of a tropical American shrub very rich in vitamin C

{n: alder, alder tree} north temperate shrubs or trees having toothed leaves and conelike fruit; bark is used in tanning and dyeing and the wood is rot-resistant

{n: alderleaf Juneberry, alder-leaved serviceberry, Amelanchier alnifolia} shrub or small tree of northwestern North America having fragrant creamy white flowers and small waxy purple-red fruits

{n: allspice} deciduous shrubs having aromatic bark; eastern China; southwestern and eastern United States

{n: alpine azalea, mountain azalea, Loiseleuria procumbens} creeping mat-forming evergreen shrub of high mountain regions of northern hemisphere grown for its rose-pink flowers

{n: alpine bearberry, black bearberry, Arctostaphylos alpina} deciduous creeping shrub bright red in autumn having black or blue-black berries; alpine and circumpolar

{n: alpine totara, Podocarpus nivalis} low wide-spreading coniferous shrub of New Zealand mountains

{n: andromeda, Japanese andromeda, lily-of-the-valley tree, Pieris japonica} broad-leaved evergreen Asiatic shrub with glossy leaves and drooping clusters of white flowers

{n: andromeda} any of several shrubs of the genus Andromeda having leathery leaves and clusters of small flowers

{n: anil, Indigofera suffruticosa, Indigofera anil} shrub of West Indies and South America that is a source of indigo dye

{n: anise tree} any of several evergreen shrubs and small trees of the genus Illicium

{n: arboretum, botanical garden} a facility where trees and shrubs are cultivated for exhibition

{n: arbor} tree (as opposed to shrub)

{n: arbutus} any of several evergreen shrubs of the genus Arbutus of temperate Europe and America

{n: arctic willow, Salix arctica} low creeping shrub of arctic Europe and America

{n: aroeira blanca, Schinus chichita} small resinous tree or shrub of Brazil

{n: arrow wood, southern arrow wood, Viburnum dentatum} deciduous shrub of eastern North America having blue-black berries and tough pliant wood formerly used to make arrows

{n: artemisia} any of various composite shrubs or herbs of the genus Artemisia having aromatic green or greyish foliage

{n: asterid dicot family} family of more or less advanced dicotyledonous herbs and some trees and shrubs

{n: asterid dicot genus} genus of more or less advanced dicotyledonous herbs and some trees and shrubs

{n: avaram, tanner's cassia, Senna auriculata, Cassia auriculata} evergreen Indian shrub with vivid yellow flowers whose bark is used in tanning; sometimes placed in genus Cassia

{n: ayapana, Ayapana triplinervis, Eupatorium aya-pana} low spreading tropical American shrub with long slender leaves used to make a mildly stimulating drink resembling tea; sometimes placed in genus Eupatorium

{n: azalea} any of numerous ornamental shrubs grown for their showy flowers of various colors

{n: banksia} any shrub or tree of the genus Banksia having alternate leathery leaves apetalous yellow flowers often in showy heads and conelike fruit with winged seeds

{n: barbados cherry, acerola, Surinam cherry, West Indian cherry, Malpighia glabra} tropical American shrub bearing edible acid red fruit resembling cherries

{n: barbasco, joewood, Jacquinia keyensis} West Indian shrub or small tree having leathery saponaceous leaves and extremely hard wood

{n: bastard indigo, Tephrosia purpurea} East Indian shrub

{n: bayberry, candleberry, swamp candleberry, waxberry, Myrica pensylvanica} deciduous aromatic shrub of eastern North America with grey-green wax-coated berries

{n: beach plum, beach plum bush, Prunus maritima} seacoast shrub of northeastern North America having showy white blossoms and edible purple fruit

{n: bean caper, Syrian bean caper, Zygophyllum fabago} perennial shrub of the eastern Mediterranean region and southwestern Asia having flowers whose buds are used as capers


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