英语学习词典
  

shock

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shock [ ʃɔk] n.冲击;震惊 vi.震动

shock [ʃɔk] n.&vt.打击,震动,使震惊

Motorcycle Shock Absorber 摩托车减震器

Shock Absorber 减震器

冲击波 shock wave; blast wave

热冲击试验
thermo-shock test

避震器前后活塞杆 Piston Rod of Front and Rear Shock Absorber

避震器 Shock Absorber

The ear tends to be lazy, craves the familiar and is shocked by the unexpected; the eye, on the other hand, tends to be impatient, craves the novel and is bored by repetition.
耳朵往往偷懒,渴望熟悉的东西,为意料之外的事情而震惊;眼睛则偏于急躁,渴望新奇的东西,由于重复而生厌。

He was shocked when he knew he was infected with the HIV virus.
当他知道自己染上艾滋病毒时感到很震惊。

You look as if you'd seen a spirit. (The person has probably not seen a spirit, but just looks shocked.)
看来你是见到鬼了。

With isolation, you try to avoid the effects of culture shock, or at least that’s what you think.
你试图通过独处躲避文化震撼的影响,或者不管怎样,你是这样想的。

I don’t wonder at your shock!
对你的吃惊我不感到惊讶。

Thus, for instance, it may come as a shock to mathematicians to learn that the Schrodinger equation for the hydrogen atom is not a literally correct description of this atom, but only an approximation to a somewhat more correct equation taking account of spin, magnetic dipole, and relatiristic effects, and that this corrected equation is itself only an imperfect approximation to an infinite set of quantum field theoretical equations.
这样,对于数学家们来说是非常惊诧的,例如,薛定谔方程式并不是氢原子的准确描述,而只是某种程度上的近似值。它近似于另外一种描述磁性偶极子相对效果的方程,而这个方程本身又是一套不定量子场论方程的近似值。

His death was a great shock to us all.
他的死使我们大家都大为震惊。

The violence and bad language in the program shocked many of the viewers.
节目中的暴力场面和难听的粗话使许多观众感到震惊。

Anyone touching that wire could get badly shocked.
任何人碰到那根电线都会遭到严重的电击。

He is shocked.他受到了打击。

She cried with shock.她因受惊吓而喊叫。

I'm still in shock. 我还在兴奋.

The machines must be well protected against dampness, moisture, rust and shock.
机器包装必须防湿、防潮、防锈、防震。

不象话的 shocking; outrageous; unreasonable

不正当的 wrong; unfair; wrongful; shocking

不像话 [bù xiàng huà] /unreasonable/shocking/outrageous/

吃惊 [chī jīng] /to be startled/to be shocked/to be amazed/

触电 [chù diàn] /to get an electric shock/

怛 [dá] /distressed/alarmed/shocked/grieved/

震 [zhèn] /shake/shock/sign in trigram/

震动 [zhèn dòng] /shake/shock/

震惊 [zhèn jīng] /to shock/to astonish/

This near-tripling of oil prices calls up scary memories of the 1973 oil shock, when prices quadrupled, and 1979-1980, when they also almost tripled.
这次近3倍的涨价令人想起了1973年和1979~1980年两次可怕的石油恐慌,当时的油价分别涨了4倍和近3倍。
Both previous shocks resulted in double-digit inflation and global economic decline.
前两次的油价暴涨都导致了两位数的通货膨胀和全球性的经济衰退。
So where are the headlines warning of gloom and doom this time?
那么这次警告人们厄运来临的头版新闻都到哪里去了呢?

I've attended research conferences where a scientist has been asked what he thinks about the advisability of continuing a certain experiment.
我出席过一些科研会议,会上有人问一位科学家继续某项实验是否是明智之举。
The scientist has frowned, looked at the graphs, and said "the data are still inconclusive."
那位科学家皱了皱眉,又看了看图表,然后说:“数据还是不够充分。”
"We know that," the men from the budget office have said, "but what do you think? Is it worthwhile going on? What do you think we might expect?"
预算部门的人说:“这点我们知道,但你的意见如何?你觉得值得做下去吗?你觉得我们可以期待什么呢?”
The scientist has been shocked at having even been asked to speculate.
这位科学家感到很震惊,他没有料到人们会让他做出预测。

{adj: aghast, appalled, dismayed, shocked} struck with fear, dread, or consternation

{adj: amazed, astonied, astonished, astounded, stunned} filled with the emotional impact of overwhelming surprise or shock
"an amazed audience gave the magician a standing ovation"
"I stood enthralled, astonished by the vastness and majesty of the cathedral"
"astounded viewers wept at the pictures from the Oklahoma City bombing"
"stood in stunned silence"
"stunned scientists found not one but at least three viruses"

{adj: anaphylactic} related to the hypersensitivity known as anaphylaxis
"anaphylactic shock"

{adj: ashen, blanched, bloodless, livid, white} anemic looking from illness or emotion
"a face turned ashen"
"the invalid's blanched cheeks"
"tried to speak with bloodless lips"
"a face livid with shock"
"lips...livid with the hue of death"- Mary W. Shelley
"lips white with terror"
"a face white with rage"

{adj: awful, dire, direful, dread, dreaded, dreadful, fearful, fearsome, frightening, horrendous, horrific, terrible} causing fear or dread or terror
"the awful war"
"an awful risk"
"dire news"
"a career or vengeance so direful that London was shocked"
"the dread presence of the headmaster"
"polio is no longer the dreaded disease it once was"
"a dreadful storm"
"a fearful howling"
"horrendous explosions shook the city"
"a terrible curse"

{adj: bad, big} very intense
"a bad headache"
"in a big rage"
"had a big (or bad) shock"
"a bad earthquake"
"a bad storm"

{adj: bare, mere, simple} apart from anything else; without additions or modifications
"only the bare facts"
"shocked by the mere idea"
"the simple passage of time was enough"
"the simple truth"

{adj: careworn, drawn, haggard, raddled, worn} showing the wearing effects of overwork or care or suffering
"looking careworn as she bent over her mending"
"her face was drawn and haggard from sleeplessness"
"that raddled but still noble face"
"shocked to see the worn look of his handsome young face"- Charles Dickens

{adj: civilized, civilised} having a high state of culture and development both social and technological
"terrorist acts that shocked the civilized world"
<-> noncivilized

{adj: cold} unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication
"the boxer was out cold"
"pass out cold"

{adj: dazed, stunned, stupefied, stupid} in a state of mental numbness especially as resulting from shock
"he had a dazed expression on his face"
"lay semiconscious, stunned (or stupefied) by the blow"
"was stupid from fatigue"

{adj: disgraceful, scandalous, shameful, shocking} giving offense to moral sensibilities and injurious to reputation
"scandalous behavior"
"the wicked rascally shameful conduct of the bankrupt"- Thackeray
"the most shocking book of its time"

{adj: frightened, scared} made afraid
"the frightened child cowered in the corner"
"too shocked and scared to move"

{adj: highly sensitive} readily affected by various agents
"a highly sensitive explosive is easily exploded by a shock"
"a sensitive colloid is readily coagulated"

{adj: jolted, shaken} disturbed psychologically as if by a physical jolt or shock
"retrieved his named from her jolted memory"
"the accident left her badly shaken"

{adj: live} exerting force or containing energy
"live coals"
"tossed a live cigarette out the window"
"got a shock from a live wire"
"live ore is unmined ore"
"a live bomb"
"a live ball is one in play"
<-> dead

{adj: lurid, shocking} glaringly vivid and graphic; marked by sensationalism
"lurid details of the accident"

{adj: nasty, awful} offensive or even (of persons) malicious
"in a nasty mood"
"a nasty accident"
"a nasty shock"
"a nasty smell"
"a nasty trick to pull"
"Will he say nasty things at my funeral?"- Ezra Pound
<-> nice

{adj: profound} of the greatest intensity; complete
"a profound silence"
"a state of profound shock"

{adj: shock-absorbent} having the capacity to absorb the energy of an impact
"the material absorbs shock and is used for shock-absorbent insoles"

{adj: shock-headed} having a shock (or untidy mass) of hair
"shock-headed teenagers"

{adj: shockable, narrow-minded} capable of being shocked
<-> unshockable

{adj: speechless, dumb} unable to speak temporarily
"struck dumb"
"speechless with shock"

{adj: startling} so remarkably different or sudden as to cause momentary shock or alarm
"Sydney's startling new Opera House"
"startling news"
"startling earthquake shocks"

{adj: stunning} causing or capable of causing bewilderment or shock or insensibility
"laid the poor fellow senseless with one stunning blow"
"a stunning detonation with volumes of black smoke"

{adj: stupefying} shocking with surprise and consternation
"the stupefying impact of the tragedy"

{adj: thrilling} causing quivering or shivering as by cold or fear or electric shock
"a thrilling wind blew off the frozen lake"

{adj: transformed} given a completely different form or appearance
"shocked to see the transformed landscape"

{adj: unprepared} without preparation; not prepared for
"unprepared remarks"
"the shock was unprepared"
"our treaty makers approached their immensely difficult problems unprepared"- R.E.Danielson
<-> prepared

{adj: unshockable, broad-minded} incapable of being shocked
"he was warmhearted, sensible and unshockable"
<-> shockable

{adj: vital, life-sustaining} performing an essential function in the living body
"vital organs"
"blood and other vital fluids"
"the loss of vital heat in shock"
"a vital spot"
"life-giving love and praise"

{adv: shockingly} in a shocking manner or to a shocking degree
"teachers were shockingly underpaid"

{n: aftershock} a tremor (or one of a series of tremors) occurring after the main shock of an earthquake

{n: air cushion, air spring} a mechanical device using confined air to absorb the shock of motion

{n: anaphylactic shock} a severe and rapid and sometimes fatal hypersensitivity reaction to a substance (especially a vaccine or penicillin or shellfish or insect venom) to which the organism has become sensitized by previous exposure

{n: asphyxia} a condition in which insufficient or no oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged on a ventilatory basis; caused by choking or drowning or electric shock or poison gas

{n: battle fatigue, combat fatigue, combat neurosis, shell shock} a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare

{n: blip} a sudden minor shock or meaningless interruption
"the market had one bad blip today"
"you can't react to the day-to-day blips"
"renewed jitters in the wake of a blip in retail sales"

{n: bombshell, thunderbolt, thunderclap} a shocking surprise
"news of the attack came like a bombshell"

{n: bouncing putty} a soft elastic silicone polymer that increases in elasticity with the application of force; used in the center of golf balls and as shock-absorbent padding

{n: broad-mindedness} an inclination to tolerate or overlook opposing or shocking opinions or behavior
<-> narrow-mindedness

{n: buffer, fender} a cushion-like device that reduces shock due to contact

{n: bumper} a mechanical device consisting of bars at either end of a vehicle to absorb shock and prevent serious damage

{n: cardiogenic shock} shock caused by cardiac arrest

{n: commando, ranger} a member of a military unit trained as shock troops for hit-and-run raids

{n: culture shock} a condition of disorientation affecting someone who is suddenly exposed to an unfamiliar culture or way of life or set of attitudes

{n: daze, shock, stupor} the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally
"his mother's death left him in a daze"
"he was numb with shock"

{n: death, decease, expiry} the event of dying or departure from life
"her death came as a terrible shock"
"upon your decease the capital will pass to your grandchildren"

{n: defibrillation} treatment by stopping fibrillation of heart muscles (usually by electric shock delivered by a defibrillator)

{n: defibrillator} an electronic device that administers an electric shock of preset voltage to the heart through the chest wall in an attempt to restore the normal rhythm of the heart during ventricular fibrillation

{n: distributive shock} shock caused by poor distribution of the blood flow

{n: dopamine, Dopastat, Intropin} a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension

{n: effeminacy, effeminateness, sissiness, softness, womanishness, unmanliness} the trait of being effeminate (derogatory of a man)
"the students associated science with masculinity and arts with effeminacy"
"he was shocked by the softness of the atmosphere surrounding the young prince, arising from the superfluity of the femininity that guided him"

{n: electric shock, electrical shock, shock} a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body
"subjects received a small electric shock when they made the wrong response"
"electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks"

{n: electric shock} the use of electricity to administer punishment or torture
"they used cattle prods to administer electric shocks"

{n: electric shock} trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body (as from contact with high voltage lines or being struck by lightning); usually involves burns and abnormal heart rhythm and unconsciousness

{n: electrocution} killing by electric shock

{n: exposure} presentation to view in an open or public manner
"the exposure of his anger was shocking"

{n: hypersensitivity reaction} an inappropriate and excessive reaction to an allergen (as pollen or dust or animal hair or certain foods); severity ranges from mild allergy to severe systemic reactions leading to anaphylactic shock

{n: hypovolemic shock} shock caused by severe blood or fluid loss

{n: insulin shock, insulin reaction} hypoglycemia produced by excessive insulin in the system causing coma

{n: insulin shock, insulin shock therapy, insulin shock treatment} the administration of sufficient insulin to induce convulsions and coma

{n: loss} the act of losing
"everyone expected him to win so his loss was a shock"

{n: manganese steel, austenitic manganese steel} a steel with a relatively large component (10-14%) of manganese; highly resistant to wear and shock

{n: metrazol shock, metrazol shock therapy, metrazol shock treatment} the administration of sufficient Metrazol to induce convulsions and coma

{n: narrow-mindedness, narrowness} an inclination to criticize opposing opinions or shocking behavior
<-> broad-mindedness

{n: obstructive shock} shock caused by obstruction of blood flow

{n: pentylenetetrazol, pentamethylenetetrazol, Metrazol} a drug used as a circulatory and respiratory stimulant; larger doses cause convulsions in shock therapy; Metrazol is a trademark

{n: punks} a youth subculture closely associated with punk rock music in the late 1970s; in part a reaction to the hippy subculture; dress was optional but intended to shock (plastic garbage bags or old school uniforms) and hair was dyed in bright colors (in Mohican haircuts or sometimes spiked in bright plumes)

{n: scandalization, scandalisation} the condition of being shocked (as by improper behavior)

{n: seismography} the measurement of tremors and shocks and undulatory movements of earthquakes

{n: shock absorber, shock, cushion} a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses
"the old car needed a new set of shocks"

{n: shock therapy, shock treatment} treatment of certain psychotic states by the administration of shocks that are followed by convulsions

{n: shock troops} soldiers who are specially trained and armed to lead an assault

{n: shock wave, blast wave} a region of high pressure travelling through a gas at a high velocity
"the explosion created a shock wave"

{n: shock, blow} an unpleasant or disappointing surprise
"it came as a shock to learn that he was injured"

{n: shock, impact} the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat
"the armies met in the shock of battle"

{n: shock, seismic disturbance} an instance of agitation of the earth's crust
"the first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch"

{n: shock} (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor
"loss of blood is an important cause of shock"

{n: shock} a bushy thick mass (especially hair)
"he had an unruly shock of black hair"

{n: shock} a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field
"corn is bound in small sheaves and several sheaves are set up together in shocks"
"whole fields of wheat in shock"

{n: silence} the state of being silent (as when no one is speaking)
"there was a shocked silence"
"he gestured for silence"

{n: sonic boom} an explosive sound caused by the shock wave of an airplane traveling faster than the speed of sound
"a sonic boom follows an aircraft as a wake follows a ship"

{n: squeamishness} the trait of being excessively fastidious and easily shocked
"the program was withdrawn because of the squeamishness of some viewers"
"he refused to allow squeamishness to deter him from his duty"

{n: stun gun, stun baton} a weapon designed to disable a victim temporarily by delivering a nonlethal high-voltage electric shock

{n: suspension, suspension system} a mechanical system of springs or shock absorbers connecting the wheels and axles to the chassis of a wheeled vehicle

{n: toxic shock, toxic shock syndrome, TSS} syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus; characterized by fever and diarrhea and nausea and diffuse erythema and shock; occurs especially in menstruating women using highly absorbent tampons

{n: transfusion reaction} reaction of the body to a transfusion of blood that is not compatible with its own blood; an adverse reaction can range from fever and hives to renal failure and shock and death

{n: trauma, psychic trauma} an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects

{v: bring up} cause to come to a sudden stop
"The noise brought her up in shock"

{v: come} come to pass ; arrive, as in due course
"The first success came three days later"
"It came as a shock"
"Dawn comes early in June"

{v: dampen, damp, soften, weaken, break} lessen in force or effect
"soften a shock"
"break a fall"

{v: defibrillate} stop the fibrillation and restore normal contractions, usually by means of electric shocks
"The patient's heart had to be defibrillated to save his life"

{v: electrocute} kill by electric shock
"She dropped the hair dryer into the bathtub and was instantly electrocuted"

{v: galvanize, galvanise} stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock

{v: jar, shake up, bump around} shock physically
"Georgia was shaken up in the Tech game"

{v: numb, benumb, blunt, dull} make numb or insensitive
"The shock numbed her senses"

{v: recuperate, recover, convalesce} get over an illness or shock
"The patient is recuperating"
<-> deteriorate

{v: reverberate} be reflected as heat, sound, or light or shock waves
"the waves reverberate as far away as the end of the building"

{v: shock, offend, scandalize, scandalise, appal, appall, outrage} strike with disgust or revulsion
"The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends"

{v: shock, stun, floor, ball over, blow out of the water, take aback} surprise greatly ; knock someone's socks off
"I was floored when I heard that I was promoted"

{v: shock} collect or gather into shocks
"shock grain"

{v: shock} collide violently

{v: shock} strike with horror or terror
"The news of the bombing shocked her"

{v: shock} subject to electrical shocks

{v: stagger} astound or overwhelm, as with shock
"She was staggered with bills after she tried to rebuild her house following the earthquake"

{v: strike dumb} render speechless, as by surprising or shocking
"we were dumbstruck by the candidate's announcement"

{v: suffer, sustain, have, get} undergo (as of injuries and illnesses)
"She suffered a fracture in the accident"
"He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars"
"She got a bruise on her leg"
"He got his arm broken in the scuffle"

{v: traumatize, traumatise, shock} inflict a trauma upon

{v: zap} strike suddenly and with force
"This show zaps the viewers with some shocking scenes"

By day four my kidney remained in shock.
到第四天,移植的肾脏仍然有排异反应。

I told her we wanted some information about her so as to find out whether she met the requirements for city-subsidized public housing.
我告诉她,我们要了解她的情况,以便审查她是否符合规定,可以享受城市津贴公用房。
My first question put to her was,
我问她的第一个问题是:
Her straight answer shocked me, I could hardly believe my ears.
她坦率的回答使我大吃一惊,我几乎难以相信自己的耳朵。
" I was selling my body on the streets. "
"我在街头出卖身体。 "
I rephrased my question:
我又问:
She uttered without hesitation: " A prostitute. "
她毫不犹豫说: "妓女。 "

On a recent visit there, Baker was shocked to find himself assigned to a desk equipped with a pen-and-pencil holder.
最近一次去内珀维尔,贝克遇到了一件让他感到惊奇的事:在他预定的办公桌上放着一个笔筒。

Industry experts were so shocked that the nation's second( American) and third( Delta) largest carriers might even consider creating such a monster that they suggested the talks were a ploy against the Federal Government.
美国第二大航空公司(美利坚航空公司)与第三大航空公司(达美航空公司)可能正在考虑合并以便组建一个巨无霸,业内专家对此深表震惊。他们认为,两大公司之间的谈判是一项针对美国联邦政府的密谋。

And the director, Neil LaBute, pays attention to them, in a way that he was not when he directed his own screenplays - In the Company of Men and Your Friends and Neighbors - which were so claustrophobic, so tense with the desire to hurt and shock.
本片导演尼尔·拉巴特对这些人物给予了关注,这是他在执导自己编写的剧本《恶男日记》和《我的朋友和邻居》时所不曾有的。在那两部影片中,他所描写的净是些患有幽闭恐惧症、情绪紧张、想伤害和恐吓他人的人物。

Surely it's not asking too much to expect cars of the future to incorporate a palpable electric shock that reminds front-seat passengers to keep their stupid feet off the dashboard?
当然,我们下面的期盼也并不过分:未来的汽车将装上一个触按式电震器,以提醒前排乘客,把他们愚蠢的双脚从仪表盘上拿开。

The new models, however, are made from lightweight metals, sport faster and more shock-absorbent wheels, are narrow enough to thread through congested sidewalks and have collapsible steering columns.
不过,最新型号是用轻型金属做的,滑行速度更快,车轮防震效果更好。车小巧,可在拥挤的人行道上穿梭,而且操纵杆可折叠。

As usual he's smiling, shaking hands and shocking new employees with his distinctive laugh, a rapid honk that sounds like a flock of geese.
和往常一样,他微笑着与新雇员握手,他那特有的大笑让他们很惊讶。他的笑声频率很快,宛如鹅群从你身边经过。

There are no shock cuts to the monster.
影片中没有突然跳出一只怪物。

The biggest Blair Witch shock has been felt by the movie's directors.
影片给谁带来的振动最大?当然要算该片导演。

Sun CEO Scott McNealy probably shocked a few Detroit executives at a press event when he said he " often refers to the automobile as nothing more than a Java browser with tires. "
在一次新闻发布会上, Sun 公司首席执行官斯科特·麦克尼利称自己经常把汽车说成是一种带轮胎的 Java 浏览器。这让十多位来自底特律的汽车公司主管人员大吃一惊。

If that is not enough of a shock for phone companies, industry pundits are even predicting that voice may even cease to exist as a service, gradually being subsumed into other services like videoconferencing or included for free.
如果这还不足以让电话公司感到震惊,业界权威人士甚至预言,作为一种服务项目,语音将来可能不复存在,将逐渐被其他服务如视频会议所吞并或向用户免费提供。

Weighing in at 137 g, this savvy " GPS-Shock " is lighter and smaller than other handheld GPS units.
该种灵巧的 GPS-Shock 表重 137克,比其它手持 GPS 装置更轻更校

Initially the Vinaver theory that Malory's eight romances, once thought to be fundamentally unified, were in fact eight independent works produced both a sense of relief and an unpleasant shock.
最初,维纳弗(Vinaver)的理论,即马洛礼(Malory)的八部罗曼司——曾经被认为根本上完整统一的——事实上却是八部互为独立的作品,既产生了一种轻慰感,又产了一种令人不愉快的惊愕。

Thus, for instance, it may come as a shock to mathematicians to learn that the Schrodinger equation for the hydrogen atom is not a literally correct description of this atom, but only an approximation to a somewhat more correct equation taking account of spin, magnetic dipole, and relativistic effects; and that this corrected equation is itself only an imperfect approximation to an infinite set of quantum field-theoretical equations.
因此,举例来说,对数学家而言,了解到下述情形可能会令其惊愕不已,即薛定谔(Schrodinger)的氢原子方程式并非是对该原子作出的一种绝然正确的描述,而仅仅是个近似值,趋近于一个在某种程度上更为正确的将自旋、磁性偶极子、以及相对论效应考虑在内的方程式;而这个得以纠正的方程式就其本身而言也只是一个不完美的近似值,趋近于无穷无尽的一整套量子场论方程式。

In addition, it is likely that small live animals in the advected water might be killed or stunned by thermal and/or chemical shock, thereby contributing to the food supply of vents.
此外,有可能的是,平流的水中活着的小动物有可能被热休克和(或)化学休克弄死或致晕,从而进一步增加了热液口的食物供给。

"The reported act of sacrilege has shocked the people of every faith all over the world," he said. "The National Assembly condemns [this act] and demands USA to bring to justice the perpetrators who committed this shameful act."
他说:“亵渎可兰经事件的报道震惊了世界上信仰各种宗教的人们。国民大会谴责这次事件并要求美国将犯下这一无耻行为的罪犯绳之以法。”

The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said anyone who was not aware of the exemptions had not been paying attention. He said it was a "red herring" to try now and claim that this was some shocking new revelation.
这名不愿透露姓名的官员说,任何不知道豁免事宜的人都是不关心这件事的人。他说,现在试图把这些东西称作令人震惊的新发现,这是在转移人们的视线。

A U.S Army investigation into abuses of Iraqi inmates at Abu Ghraib prison is expected to place blame on low-level soldiers, while generally clearing senior commanders of involvement. Seven U.S. soldiers are already facing charges of abuse in connection with a scandal that shocked the world.
预计美国军方对伊拉克的阿布格拉布监狱虐囚案的调查将会把责任归咎于下层的士兵,基本上开脱美国高级军官的干系。七名士兵因为和这起震惊世界的虐囚丑闻有关,已经受到了起诉。

shocking pink 鲜粉红色

Shock absorber 避震器

防水、防震、防磁 waterproof, shock-resistant and antimagnetic

HS87088090
Shock absorbers of vehicles of 87.01, 87.02, 87,04, 87.05
机动车辆的其他悬挂减震器

spsc-20121513
Downhole shock absorbers
井下减震器

spsc-25172003
Truck shock absorbers
卡车震动减震器

spsc-25172004
Automobile shock absorbers
汽车振动减振器

spsc-25172011
Shock absorber
减震器

spsc-25202509
Aircraft shock mounts
飞机的震动装置

spsc-41114620
Shock testing apparatus
振动试验仪器

spsc-42171603
Anti shock garments
抗震服

A41
Other septicaemia
Excludes: bacteraemia NOS (A49.9)
during labour (O75.3)
following:
.abortion or ectopic or molar pregnancy (O03-O07,O08.0)
.immunization (T88.0)
.infusion, transfusion or therapeutic injection (T80.2)
septicaemia (due to)(in):
.actinomycotic (A42.7)
.anthrax (A22.7)
.candidal (B37.7)
.Erysipelothrix (A26.7)
.extraintestinal yersiniosis (A28.2)
.gonococcal (A54.8)
.herpesviral (B00.7)
.listerial (A32.7)
.meningococcal (A39.2-A39.4)
.neonatal (P36.-)
.postprocedural (T81.4)
.puerperal (O85)
.streptococcal (A40.-)
.tularaemia (A21.7)
septicaemic:
.melioidosis (A24.1)
.plague (A20.7)
toxic shock syndrome (A48.3)
其他败血症
不包含 : 其他未明示的菌血症 ( A49.9 )
分娩时 ( O75.3 )
下列事件後的链球菌败血症 :
. 流产或异位的或胎块妊娠 ( O03-O07 , O08.0 )
. 疫苗接种 ( T88.0 )
. 输液、输血或治疗性注射 ( T80.2 )
败血症 ( 肇因於 ) :
. 放射菌的 ( A42.7 )
. 炭疽病 ( A22.7 )
. 念珠菌性 ( B37.7 )
. 丹毒丝菌病 ( Erysipelothrix ) ( A26.7 )
. 肠道外耶希尼菌病 ( yersiniosis ) ( A28.2 )
. 淋球菌的 ( A54.8 )
. 疹病毒的 ( B00.7 )
. 李士德菌的 ( A32.7 )
. 脑膜炎球菌的 ( A39.2-A39.4 )
. 新生儿的 ( P36.- )
. 医疗处置後的 ( T81.4 )
. 产後的 ( O85 )
. 链球菌的 ( A40.- )
. 土拉伦斯菌病 ( A21.7 )
败血症的 :
. 类鼻疽病 ( A24.1 )
. 鼠疫 ( A20.7 )
毒性休克徵候群 ( A48.3 )

A41.9
Septicaemia, unspecified
Septic shock
未明示的败血症
败血性休克

A48.3
Toxic shock syndrome
Excludes: endotoxic shock NOS (R57.8)
septicaemia NOS (A41.9)
毒性休克徵候群
不包含 : 其他未明示的内毒素性休克 ( R57.8 )
其他未明示的败血症 ( A41.9 )

E86
Volume depletion
Dehydration
Depletion of volume of plasma or extracellular fluid
Hypovolaemia
Excludes: dehydration of newborn (P74.1)
hypovolaemic shock:
. NOS (R57.1)
. postoperative (T81.1)
. traumatic (T79.4)
体液量耗竭
脱水
细胞外液或血浆容积耗竭
低血容量症
不包含 : 新生儿脱水 (P74.1)
低血容量性休克 :
. 其他未明示 (R57.1)
. 术後 (T81.1)
. 外伤性 (T79.4)

F43.0
Acute stress reaction
A transient disorder that develops in an individual without any other apparent mental
disorder in response to exceptional physical and mental stress and that usually subsides
within hours or days. Individual vulnerability and coping capacity play a role in the
occurrence and severity of acute stress reactions. The symptoms show a typically mixed and
changing picture and include an initial state of "daze" with some constriction
of the field of consciousness and narrowing of attention, inability to comprehend stimuli,
and disorientation. This state may be followed either by further withdrawal from the
surrounding situation (to the extent of a dissociative stupor-F44.2), or by agitation
and over-activity (flight reaction or fugue). Autonomic signs of panic anxiety
(tachycardia, sweating, flushing) are commonly present. The symptoms usually appear within
minutes of the impact of the stressful stimulus or event, and disappear within two to
three days (often within hours). Partial or complete amnesia (F44.0) for the episode may
be present. If the symptoms persist, a change in diagnosis should be considered.
Acute:
. crisis reaction
. reaction to stress
Combat fatigue
Crisis state
Psychic shock
急性压力反应
一种短暂的疾病 , 发生於原来无其他精神疾病的人
, 当遇到严重的身体或精神压力时发作 , 但於数小
时或数天内消逝。个体的脆弱性或适应能力在急性
压力反应的发作及严重度扮演重大角色。典型的临


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