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serve [ sə:v] vt.为…服务;招待

serve as 充当;起作用

serve right 活该;给应得的待遇

serve one's turn 合用,管用

serve as 作为,用作

serve right 活该;给应得的待遇

serve as

serve right

serve [sə:v] vt. 服务,服役,供职,招待

serve [sə:v] 服务

挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit

近水楼台先得月 "First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first--the advantage of being in a favored position."

能官能民 be ready to both serve as an offical and be one of the common people

serving table送餐桌

serve sb right 活该

Education must serve the needs of socialist modernization, be integrated with
productive labor, and train builders and successors who are well developed
morally, intellectuall and physically.

ex-serving officer

representative member [representative of Provisional District Board serving on the Provisional Urban Council or Provisional Regional Council] 代表议员〔出任临时市政局或临时区域市政局议员的临时区议会代表〕

First come,first served.

revolution —
①an injustice that serves to replace as soon as possible the injustice of yesterday by the injustice of tomorrow
②the setting-up of a new order contradictory to the traditional one

An encounter between you and the man you have hurt will not serve any good purpose.

You need to have patience if you want to get served in this shop.

Chill the mixed fruit dish until serving time.

That amount will not be enough to serve six people. You will have to cook more.

Theory comes from practice and in turn serves practice.

This city serves as an important commercial center in the western region.

They are serving chocolate ice-creams for the children to consume in the kitchen.

The restaurant has a reputation for serving some of the finest food in the country.

First come first served. 先到先得。

Besides serving the indefinite needs of its native speakers, English is a language in which some of important works in science, technology, and other fields are being produced, and not always by native speakers.

These philosophical views serve as a guide in life.

She has served the family faithfully for thirty years.

We are well served with gas in this town.

He's selfish. *selfish 带有轻视的语气,表示“自私的”、“利己的”、“不考虑别人的”。
I don't like John. (我不喜欢约翰。)
Why? (为什么?)
Because he's selfish. (他太自私了。)
He's self-centered. (他总是以自己为中心。)
He's self-serving. (他是个只顾自己的人。)
He only cares about himself. (他只想他自己的事。)
He doesn't care about anyone but himself. (他从来不想别人。)

Serves you right. *serve...right 短语,表示“当然的报应”。
I got a speeding ticket. (我超速挨罚了。)
Serves you right. (活该!)
Well, you got what you deserved.
Well, that'll teach you a lesson.
That serves you right.
You deserve it.
You asked for it.
You were asking for it.
You got what was coming to you.

A man cannot serve two masters.

First come, first served.

He that is master must serve.

He that serves God for money will serve the devil for better wages.

He that would command must serve.

Knavery may serve, but honestyis best.

Riches either serve or govern the possessor.

Riches serve a wise man but command a fool.

Serve somebody with the same sauce.

Who serves everybody gets thanks from nobody.

The human being longs for a sense of being accomplished, of being able to do things. with his hand, with his mind, with his will. Each of us wants to feel he of she has the ability to do something that is meaningful and that serves a tribute to our inherent abilities.
LeonardR. Saylis, British writer

To make your life a sound structrure that will serve others and fulfil your own potential, you have to remember that strength, however massive , can't endure unless it has the interlocking supprt of others. Go it alone and you'll inevitably tumble.
Zichler Edward, Admerican writer

I will not accept if nominated , and will serve if selected.
William Sherman, American general

Mishaps are like knives that either serve us or cut us as we grasp them by the handle or blade.
James Russell Lowell, American poetess and critic
美国女诗人、批评家洛威尔J R

@@@ 作为
as a means of 作为...的一种手段、方法
as a result of 作为...的结果, 由于...
as a whole 作为一个整体; 总的说来
design to do sth. 计划; 打算将...用作
liken to 把...比作...
make as if & make believe 假装, 装作
make an exception 把...作为例外
responsible for 对...负责; 作为...的原因, 应归咎或归功于
serve as/for 充当; 用作, 满足(需要)

@@@ 需要
cater to 满足...的需要, 迎合
get along without 可以没有, 可以不需要
in demand 被需求
in need of 需要, 急需
meet one's/the needs 满足需要
serve as/for 充当; 用作, 满足(需要)

out : 分发,传开(to a number of people or in all directions)
give out 分发
spread out 传开
set out 出发
hand out 分发
share out 分配
divide out 分配
call out 出动
start out 出发
send out 发送
break out 爆发,逃脱
serve out 分发口粮
drop out 离开,退出

get the hang of进入状态,摸到窍门
I think if I practice serving a couple of times, I'll get the hang of it.

First come,first served.

serve sb right 活该

"The roast duck that restaurant serves is my favorate dish. Every time I think about it, it makes my mouth water."

serve…right 给…应得的惩罚

We can serve you with a broad range of coverage against all kinks of risks for sea transport.

拌面 [bàn miàn] /noodles served with soy sauce/sesame butter etc/

帮闲 [bāng xián] /hang on to and serve the rich and powerful by literary hack work/etc/

充当 [chōng dāng] /serve as/play the role of/

伺候 [cì hòu] /(v) serve; act as a valet/

服完 [fú wán] /serve out (a sentence)/

服务 [fú wù] /to serve/service/

服刑 [fú xíng] /serve a prison sentence/

服役 [fú yì] /serve in the army/be in active service/

活该 [huó gāi] /(coll.) serve sb. right/deservedly/ought/should/

伙食 [huǒ shí] /(n) food or meal served at a mess hall/

开饭 [kāi fàn] /serve a meal/

连任 [lián rèn] /continue in (a political) office/serve for another term of office/

侍候 [shì hòu] /serve/wait upon/

为 [wéi] /act as/take...to be/to be/to do/to serve as/to become/

The vast consolidation within the rail industry means that most shippers are served by only one rail company.

You can make a mental blueprint of a desire as you would make a blueprint of a house, and each of us is continually making these blueprints in the general routine of everyday living.
If we intend to have friends to dinner, we plan the menu, make a shopping list, decide which food to cook first, and such planning is an essential for any type of meal to be served.

Money spent on advertising is money spent as well as any I know of.
It serves directly to assist a rapid distribution of goods at reasonable price, thereby establishing a firm home market and so making it possible to provide for export at competitive prices.
By drawing attention to new ideas it helps enormously to raise standards of living.
By helping to increase demand it ensures an increased need for labour, and is therefore an effective way to fight unemployment.
It lowers the costs of many services: without advertisements your daily newspaper would cost four times as much, the price of your television licence would need to be doubled, and travel by bus or tube would cost 20 per cent more.

Thus forgetting seems to serve the survival of the individual and the species.

{adj: able, able-bodied} having a strong healthy body
"an able seaman"
"every able-bodied young man served in the army"

{adj: acting} serving temporarily especially as a substitute
"the acting president"

{adj: admonitory, cautionary, exemplary, monitory, warning} serving to warn
"shook a monitory finger at him"
"an exemplary jail sentence"

{adj: appellative, naming} inclined to or serving for the giving of names
"the appellative faculty of children"
"the appellative function of some primitive rites"

{adj: archival} of or relating to or contained in or serving as an archive

{adj: au jus} served in its natural juices or gravy
"roast beef au jus"

{adj: basal, base} serving as or forming a base
"the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats"

{adj: basic, introductory} serving as a base or starting point
"a basic course in Russian"
"basic training for raw recruits"
"a set of basic tools"
"an introductory art course"

{adj: beginning, first} serving to begin
"the beginning canto of the poem"
"the first verse"

{adj: burned, burnt} ruined by overcooking
"she served us underdone bacon and burnt biscuits"

{adj: calefactory, calefactive} serving to heat
"a heating pad is calefactory"

{adj: cardinal, central, fundamental, key, primal} serving as an essential component
"a cardinal rule"
"the central cause of the problem"
"an example that was fundamental to the argument"
"computers are fundamental to modern industrial structure"

{adj: certificatory} serving to certify or endorse authoritatively

{adj: cheating, dirty, foul, unsporting, unsportsmanlike} violating accepted standards or rules
"a dirty fighter"
"used foul means to gain power"
"a nasty unsporting serve"
"fined for unsportsmanlike behavior"

{adj: coercive} serving or intended to coerce
"authority is directional instead of coercive"

{adj: collateral, confirmative, confirming, confirmatory, corroborative, corroboratory, substantiating, substantiative, validating, validatory, verificatory, verifying} serving to support or corroborate
"collateral evidence"

{adj: congealed, jelled, jellied} congealed into jelly; solidified by cooling
"in Georgia they serve congealed salads"

{adj: conjunctive} serving or tending to connect
<-> disjunctive

{adj: conserving, preserving} saving from harm or loss
"serves a conserving function"

{adj: contrastive} syntactically establishing a relation of contrast between sentences or elements of a sentence
"disjunctive conjunctions like `but', `or', or `though' serve a contrastive function"

{adj: coordinating, coordinative} serving to connect two grammatical constituents of identical construction
"`and' in `John and Mary' or in `John walked and Mary rode' is a coordinating conjunction; and so is `or' in `will you go or stay?'"
<-> subordinating

{adj: cosmetic, decorative, ornamental} serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose
"cosmetic fenders on cars"
"the buildings were utilitarian rather than decorative"

{adj: cosmetic, enhancive} serving an aesthetic purpose in beautifying the body
"cosmetic surgery"
"enhansive makeup"

{adj: counterbalancing} serving to equilibrate
"he added a counterbalancing weight"

{adj: criterial, criterional} serving as a basis for evaluation

{adj: defensive} serving as or appropriate for defending or protecting
"defensive fortifications"
"defensive dikes to protect against floods"

{adj: demonstrative of} serving to prove or demonstrate
"the oath of office is...demonstrative of the legislative opinion on this subject"- John Marshall

{adj: demonstrative, illustrative} serving to demonstrate

{adj: descriptive} serving to describe or inform or characterized by description
"the descriptive variable"
"a descriptive passage"
<-> undescriptive

{adj: designative} serving to designate

{adj: disjunctive} serving or tending to divide or separate
<-> conjunctive

{adj: distinguishing, identifying} serving to distinguish or identify a species or group
"the distinguishing mark of the species is its plumage"
"distinctive tribal tattoos"
"we were asked to describe any identifying marks or distinguishing features"

{adj: distributive} serving to distribute or allot or disperse
<-> collective

{adj: dividing, divisional} serving to divide or marking a division
"the divisional line between two states"

{adj: dividing} serving simply to separate or partition
"a dividing partition"

{adj: done} cooked until ready to serve

{adj: dysfunctional, nonadaptive} (of a trait or condition) failing to serve an adjustive purpose
"dysfunctional behavior"

{adj: edifying, enlightening} enlightening or uplifting so as to encourage intellectual or moral improvement
"the paintings in the church served an edifying purpose even for those who could not read"
<-> unedifying

{adj: emblematic, emblematical, symbolic, symbolical} serving as a visible symbol for something abstract
"a crown is emblematic of royalty"
"the spinning wheel was as symbolic of colonical Massachusetts as the codfish"

{adj: emblematic, exemplary, typic} being or serving as an illustration of a type
"the free discussion that is emblematic of democracy"
"an action exemplary of his conduct";

{adj: emotionless, passionless} unmoved by feeling
"he kept his emotionless objectivity and faith in the cause he served"
"this passionless girl was like an icicle in the sunshine"-Margaret Deland

{adj: endocentric} fulfilling the grammatical role of one of its constituents
"when `three blind mice' serves as a noun it is an endocentric construction"
<-> exocentric

{adj: evidential, evidentiary} serving as or based on evidence
"evidential signs of a forced entry"
"its evidentiary value"

{adj: evocative, redolent, remindful, reminiscent} serving to bring to mind
"cannot forbear to close on this redolent literary note"- Wilder Hobson
"a campaign redolent of machine politics"

{adj: ex officio} by virtue of an office or position
"the head of the department serves as an ex officio member of the board"

{adj: exocentric} not fulfilling the same grammatical role of any of its constituents
"when `until last Easter' serves as an adverb it is an exocentric construction"
<-> endocentric

{adj: expedient} serving to promote your interest
"was merciful only when mercy was expedient"
<-> inexpedient

{adj: explanatory} serving or intended to explain or make clear
"explanatory notes"
"an explanatory paragraph"

{adj: exploratory, explorative} serving in or intended for exploration or discovery
"an exploratory operation"
"exploratory reconnaissance"
"digging an exploratory well in the Gulf of Mexico"
"exploratory talks between diplomats"
<-> nonexploratory

{adj: explosive} serving to explode or characterized by explosion or sudden outburst
"an explosive device"
"explosive gas"
"explosive force"
"explosive violence"
"an explosive temper"
<-> nonexplosive

{adj: expository, expositive} serving to expound or set forth
"clean expository writing"

{adj: extraordinary} (of an official) serving an unusual or special function in addition to those of the regular officials
"an ambassador extraordinary"

{adj: familiarizing, familiarising} serving to make familiar

{adj: first-come-first-serve, rush} not accepting reservations

{adj: future, next, succeeding} (of elected officers) elected but not yet serving
"our next president"

{adj: headed} having a head of a specified kind or anything that serves as a head; often used in combination
"headed bolts"
"three-headed Cerberus"
"a cool-headed fighter pilot"
<-> headless

{adj: helpful} providing assistance or serving a useful function
<-> unhelpful

{adj: heuristic} of or relating to or using a general formulation that serves to guide investigation
<-> algorithmic

{adj: homologous} having the same evolutionary origin but serving different functions
"the wing of a bat and the arm of a man are homologous"
<-> analogous, heterologous

{adj: implemental, instrumental, subservient} serving or acting as a means or aid
"instrumental in solving the crime"

{adj: improvised, jury-rigged, makeshift} done or made using whatever is available
"crossed the river on improvised bridges"
"the survivors used jury-rigged fishing gear"
"the rock served as a makeshift hammer"

{adj: inaugural, initiative, initiatory, first, maiden} serving to set in motion
"the magazine's inaugural issue"
"the initiative phase in the negotiations"
"an initiatory step toward a treaty"
"his first (or maiden) speech in Congress"
"the liner's maiden voyage"

{adj: indexical} of or relating to or serving as an index

{adj: individual, separate, single} characteristic of or meant for a single person or thing
"an individual serving"
"single occupancy"
"a single bed"

{adj: inhalant} inhaling or serving for inhalation
"an inhalant pore"

{adj: instructive, informative} serving to instruct of enlighten or inform
<-> uninstructive

{adj: interim} serving during an intermediate interval of time
"an interim agreement"

{adj: introductory, prefatorial, prefatory} serving as an introduction or preface

{adj: introductory} serving to open or begin
"began the slide show with some introductory remarks"

{adj: irritating, irritative} (used of physical stimuli) serving to stimulate or excite
"an irritative agent"

{adj: marine} of or relating to military personnel who serve both on land and at sea (specifically the U.S. Marine Corps)
"marine barracks"

{adj: ministering, ministrant, attending} serving attendance on someone
"a ministering angel"
"the angels ministrant sang"
"the attending physician"

{adj: monumental} relating or belonging to or serving as a monument
"the use of the arch in monumental architecture"
"monumental sculptures"

{adj: nominative} serving as or indicating the subject of a verb and words identified with the subject of a copular verb
"nominative noun endings"
"predicate nominative"

{adj: normal} conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal
"serve wine at normal room temperature"
"normal diplomatic relations"
"normal working hours"
"normal word order"
"normal curiosity"
"the normal course of events"
<-> abnormal

{adj: objective, accusative} serving as or indicating the object of a verb or of certain prepositions and used for certain other purposes
"objective case"
"accusative endings"

{adj: otiose, pointless, superfluous, wasted} serving no useful purpose; having no excuse for being
"otiose lines in a play"
"advice is wasted words"

{adj: out} directed outward or serving to direct something outward
"the out doorway"
"the out basket"

{adj: partitive, separative} serving to separate or divide into parts
"partitive tendencies in education"
"the uniting influence was stronger than the separative"

{adj: partitive} indicating or characterized by or serving to create partition or division into parts
"partitive tendencies in education"

{adj: penal} serving as or designed to impose punishment
"penal servitude"
"a penal colony"

{adj: pinchbeck} serving as an imitation or substitute
"pinchbeck heroism"

{adj: possessive, genitive} serving to express or indicate possession
"possessive pronouns"
"the genitive endings"

{adj: promotional} of or relating to serving as publicity
"promotional fares"

{adj: prosthetic} relating to or serving as a prosthesis

{adj: proud} feeling self-respect or pleasure in something by which you measure your self-worth; or being a reason for pride
"proud parents"
"proud of his accomplishments"
"a proud moment"
"proud to serve his country"
"a proud name"
"proud princes"
<-> humble

{adj: provocative} serving or tending to provoke, excite, or stimulate; stimulating discussion or exciting controversy
"a provocative remark"
"a provocative smile"
"provocative Irish tunes which...compel the hearers to dance"- Anthony Trollope
<-> unprovocative

{adj: purgatorial, purging, purifying} serving to purge or rid of sin
"purgatorial rites"

{adj: purpose-built, purpose-made} designed and constructed to serve a particular purpose

{adj: purposeful} serving as or indicating the existence of a purpose or goal
<-> purposeless

{adj: rebarbative, repellent, repellant} serving or tending to repel
"he became rebarbative and prickly and spiteful"
"I find his obsequiousness repellent"

{adj: representative} serving to represent or typify
"representative moviegoers"
"a representative modern play"

{adj: restrictive} serving to restrict
"teenagers eager to escape restrictive home environments"
<-> unrestrictive

{adj: rudder-like} formed like and serving like a rudder

{adj: sanctionative, sanctioning} implying sanction or serving to sanction
"the guardian's duties were primarily sanctionative rather than administrative"

{adj: self-service} of or denoting an establishment (a restaurant or shop etc.) where customers serve themselves

{adj: self-serving, self-seeking} interested only in yourself

{adj: serviceable} intended or able to serve a purpose without elaboration
"serviceable low-heeled shoes";

{adj: single} existing alone or consisting of one entity or part or aspect or individual
"upon the hill stood a single tower"
"had but a single thought which was to escape"
"a single survivor"
"a single serving"
"a single lens"
"a single thickness"
<-> multiple

{adj: sliced} used of meat; cut into pieces for serving

{adj: stodgy} heavy and starchy and hard to digest
"stodgy food"
"a stodgy pudding served up when everyone was already full"

{adj: subordinating, subordinative} serving to connect a subordinate clause to a main clause
"`when' in `I will come when I can' is a subordinating conjunction"
<-> coordinating

{adj: sustentacular} serving to sustain or support
"sustentacular cells"

{adj: taped} secured or held in place by tape
"carefully taped pieces of glass served as a windowpane"

{adj: tractive} exerting traction and serving to pull

{adj: unreal} lacking in reality or substance or genuineness; not corresponding to acknowledged facts or criteria
"ghosts and other unreal entities"
"unreal propaganda serving as news"
<-> real

{adj: working} serving to permit or facilitate further work or activity
"discussed the working draft of a peace treaty"
"they need working agreements with their neighbor states on interstate projects"

{adv: a la mode} with ice cream on top or on the side
"we served the apple pie a la mode"

{adv: ad interim} for an intervening time; temporarily
"elected to serve ad interim"

{adv: additionally, in addition, to boot} by way of addition; furthermore
"he serves additionally as the CEO"

{adv: devotedly} with devotion
"He served his master devotedly"

{adv: hand and foot} in all ways possible
"they served him hand and foot"

{adv: justly, right} in accordance with moral or social standards
"that serves him right"
"do right by him"

{adv: meritoriously} in a meritorious manner
"he served his country meritoriously"

{adv: organically} as an important constituent
"the drapery served organically to cover the Madonna"

{adv: unofficially} not in an official capacity
"unofficially, he serves as the treasurer"
<-> officially

{n: Army National Guard, ARNG} a civilian reserve component of the United States Army comprised of guardsmen who serve during overseas peacekeeping missions and during local emergencies

{n: Black and Tan} an English recruit (who wore a uniform that was black and tan) serving in the Irish constabulary to suppress the Sinn Fein rebellion of 1919 to 1921

{n: Blighty} a slang term for England used by English troops serving abroad

{n: Bullfinch, Charles Bullfinch} United States architect who designed the Capitol Building in Washington which served as a model for state capitols throughout the United States (1763-1844)

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