英语学习词典
  

served

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serve [ sə:v] vt.为…服务;招待

serve as 充当;起作用

serve right 活该;给应得的待遇

serve one's turn 合用,管用

serve as 作为,用作

serve right 活该;给应得的待遇

serve as
作为,用作

serve right
活该;给应得的待遇

serve [sə:v] vt. 服务,服役,供职,招待

serve [sə:v] 服务

挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit

近水楼台先得月 "First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first--the advantage of being in a favored position."

能官能民 be ready to both serve as an offical and be one of the common people

serving table送餐桌

serve sb right 活该

教育必须为社会主义现代化服务,必须同生产劳动相结合,培养德智体全面发展的建设者和接班人。
Education must serve the needs of socialist modernization, be integrated with
productive labor, and train builders and successors who are well developed
morally, intellectuall and physically.

ex-serving officer
已离职人员

representative member [representative of Provisional District Board serving on the Provisional Urban Council or Provisional Regional Council] 代表议员〔出任临时市政局或临时区域市政局议员的临时区议会代表〕

First come,first served.
捷足先登。

revolution —
①an injustice that serves to replace as soon as possible the injustice of yesterday by the injustice of tomorrow
②the setting-up of a new order contradictory to the traditional one
革命——
①能够促进尽快用明天的非正义取代昨天的非正义的一种非正义
②建立一种与传统秩序相反的新秩序。

An encounter between you and the man you have hurt will not serve any good purpose.
与那位被你弄伤的人碰面是不会有什么好处的。

You need to have patience if you want to get served in this shop.
想在这商店买东西,你得有耐心。

Chill the mixed fruit dish until serving time.
吃之前把水果拼盘冷藏起来。

That amount will not be enough to serve six people. You will have to cook more.
这些食物不够6个人吃,得再做一点。

Theory comes from practice and in turn serves practice.
理论来源于实践,转而又服务于实践。

This city serves as an important commercial center in the western region.
这座城市是西部地区一个重要的商业中心。

They are serving chocolate ice-creams for the children to consume in the kitchen.
他们给小孩子巧克力冰淇淋,让他们在厨房吃。

The restaurant has a reputation for serving some of the finest food in the country.
这家餐馆因提供一些全国最好的佳肴而闻名。

First come first served. 先到先得。

Besides serving the indefinite needs of its native speakers, English is a language in which some of important works in science, technology, and other fields are being produced, and not always by native speakers.
除了以英语为母语的人大量地使用英语外,很多重要的科学、技术文献也是由英语写成,而且作者不仅仅是以英语为母语的人。

These philosophical views serve as a guide in life.
这些哲学观点可以作为处世指南。

She has served the family faithfully for thirty years.
她为这个家忠心耿耿地操劳了30年。

We are well served with gas in this town.
这个城镇煤气供应得很好。

他很自私。
He's selfish. *selfish 带有轻视的语气,表示“自私的”、“利己的”、“不考虑别人的”。
I don't like John. (我不喜欢约翰。)
Why? (为什么?)
Because he's selfish. (他太自私了。)
He's self-centered. (他总是以自己为中心。)
He's self-serving. (他是个只顾自己的人。)
He only cares about himself. (他只想他自己的事。)
He doesn't care about anyone but himself. (他从来不想别人。)

报应!/活该。
Serves you right. *serve...right 短语,表示“当然的报应”。
I got a speeding ticket. (我超速挨罚了。)
Serves you right. (活该!)
Well, you got what you deserved.
Well, that'll teach you a lesson.
That serves you right.
You deserve it.
You asked for it.
You were asking for it.
You got what was coming to you.

A man cannot serve two masters.
一仆不能事二主。

First come, first served.
先来先卖。

He that is master must serve.
主人必须会服务。

He that serves God for money will serve the devil for better wages.
求财而供神者必倍求而敬鬼。

He that would command must serve.
欲做先生,先做学生。

Knavery may serve, but honestyis best.
欺诈可能得计,但诚实总是上策。

Riches either serve or govern the possessor.
财富可以侍候主人,也可以支配主人。

Riches serve a wise man but command a fool.
财富事智者,却又驭蠢人。

Serve somebody with the same sauce.
以其人之道还治其人之身。

Who serves everybody gets thanks from nobody.
人人都侍候,个个不见好。

The human being longs for a sense of being accomplished, of being able to do things. with his hand, with his mind, with his will. Each of us wants to feel he of she has the ability to do something that is meaningful and that serves a tribute to our inherent abilities.
LeonardR. Saylis, British writer
人们渴求有一种成就感,渴望有能力用自己的手、用自己的脑、用自己的意志办事。我们每个人都希望自己
能够作出有意义、并能显示出自己天赋的事来。
英国作家塞尔斯。L.R.

To make your life a sound structrure that will serve others and fulfil your own potential, you have to remember that strength, however massive , can't endure unless it has the interlocking supprt of others. Go it alone and you'll inevitably tumble.
Zichler Edward, Admerican writer
要使你的生活成为有益于他人同时又能发挥你自己的潜力的牢固的建筑,你必须记住,除非与他人的支持联系在一起,否则无论多么大的力量都难以持久,单枪匹马必将一事无成。
美国作家爱德华.Z.

I will not accept if nominated , and will serve if selected.
William Sherman, American general
如果被任命,我不愿接受,但是如果被选上,将效力。
美国将军舍曼.W.

Mishaps are like knives that either serve us or cut us as we grasp them by the handle or blade.
James Russell Lowell, American poetess and critic
灾难就像刀子,握住刀柄就可以为我们服务,拿住刀刃则会割破手。
美国女诗人、批评家洛威尔J R

@@@ 作为
as a means of 作为...的一种手段、方法
as a result of 作为...的结果, 由于...
as a whole 作为一个整体; 总的说来
design to do sth. 计划; 打算将...用作
liken to 把...比作...
make as if & make believe 假装, 装作
make an exception 把...作为例外
responsible for 对...负责; 作为...的原因, 应归咎或归功于
serve as/for 充当; 用作, 满足(需要)

@@@ 需要
cater to 满足...的需要, 迎合
get along without 可以没有, 可以不需要
in demand 被需求
in need of 需要, 急需
meet one's/the needs 满足需要
serve as/for 充当; 用作, 满足(需要)

out : 分发,传开(to a number of people or in all directions)
give out 分发
spread out 传开
set out 出发
hand out 分发
share out 分配
divide out 分配
call out 出动
start out 出发
send out 发送
break out 爆发,逃脱
serve out 分发口粮
drop out 离开,退出

get the hang of进入状态,摸到窍门
I think if I practice serving a couple of times, I'll get the hang of it.
我想如果我多练习几次发球,我就会魔到窍门了。

First come,first served.
捷足先登。

serve sb right 活该

"The roast duck that restaurant serves is my favorate dish. Every time I think about it, it makes my mouth water."
“我最喜欢吃那个饭馆的烤鸭。每当我想起它我就会流口水。”

serve…right 给…应得的惩罚

We can serve you with a broad range of coverage against all kinks of risks for sea transport.
我公司可以承保海洋运输的所有险别。

拌面 [bàn miàn] /noodles served with soy sauce/sesame butter etc/

帮闲 [bāng xián] /hang on to and serve the rich and powerful by literary hack work/etc/

充当 [chōng dāng] /serve as/play the role of/

伺候 [cì hòu] /(v) serve; act as a valet/

服完 [fú wán] /serve out (a sentence)/

服务 [fú wù] /to serve/service/

服刑 [fú xíng] /serve a prison sentence/

服役 [fú yì] /serve in the army/be in active service/

活该 [huó gāi] /(coll.) serve sb. right/deservedly/ought/should/

伙食 [huǒ shí] /(n) food or meal served at a mess hall/

开饭 [kāi fàn] /serve a meal/

连任 [lián rèn] /continue in (a political) office/serve for another term of office/

侍候 [shì hòu] /serve/wait upon/

为 [wéi] /act as/take...to be/to be/to do/to serve as/to become/

The vast consolidation within the rail industry means that most shippers are served by only one rail company.
铁路运输业内的大规模联合意味着多数客户将会依赖一家公司的服务。

You can make a mental blueprint of a desire as you would make a blueprint of a house, and each of us is continually making these blueprints in the general routine of everyday living.
你可以在头脑里勾画出一幅欲望的蓝图,就像你可以设计房屋的蓝图一样。
If we intend to have friends to dinner, we plan the menu, make a shopping list, decide which food to cook first, and such planning is an essential for any type of meal to be served.
而我们每个人在日常生活中都在不停地画着这样的欲望蓝图。比方我们想请朋友吃晚餐,我们就会筹划菜谱、写购物单、决定先煮什么菜等,这样的筹划对于举行任何形式的宴请都是必不可少的。

Money spent on advertising is money spent as well as any I know of.
花在广告上的钱和我所知花在任何别处的钱一样值得。
It serves directly to assist a rapid distribution of goods at reasonable price, thereby establishing a firm home market and so making it possible to provide for export at competitive prices.
它直接有助于商品以合理的价格销售,由此建立稳固的国内市场,并使商品能以富有竞争力的价格出口。
By drawing attention to new ideas it helps enormously to raise standards of living.
它吸引人们对新观念的注意,极大地提高生活标准。
By helping to increase demand it ensures an increased need for labour, and is therefore an effective way to fight unemployment.
广告有助于增加市场需求,从而确保对劳动力需求的增加,因此是遏制失业的一个有效方法。
It lowers the costs of many services: without advertisements your daily newspaper would cost four times as much, the price of your television licence would need to be doubled, and travel by bus or tube would cost 20 per cent more.
它降低了多种服务费用,没有广告,每天看的报纸价格会上涨四倍,电视收视费会翻番,公共汽车或地铁票也得提高20%以上。

Thus forgetting seems to serve the survival of the individual and the species.
因此遗忘似乎有助于个体及物种的存活。

{adj: able, able-bodied} having a strong healthy body
"an able seaman"
"every able-bodied young man served in the army"

{adj: acting} serving temporarily especially as a substitute
"the acting president"

{adj: admonitory, cautionary, exemplary, monitory, warning} serving to warn
"shook a monitory finger at him"
"an exemplary jail sentence"

{adj: appellative, naming} inclined to or serving for the giving of names
"the appellative faculty of children"
"the appellative function of some primitive rites"

{adj: archival} of or relating to or contained in or serving as an archive

{adj: au jus} served in its natural juices or gravy
"roast beef au jus"

{adj: basal, base} serving as or forming a base
"the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats"

{adj: basic, introductory} serving as a base or starting point
"a basic course in Russian"
"basic training for raw recruits"
"a set of basic tools"
"an introductory art course"

{adj: beginning, first} serving to begin
"the beginning canto of the poem"
"the first verse"

{adj: burned, burnt} ruined by overcooking
"she served us underdone bacon and burnt biscuits"

{adj: calefactory, calefactive} serving to heat
"a heating pad is calefactory"

{adj: cardinal, central, fundamental, key, primal} serving as an essential component
"a cardinal rule"
"the central cause of the problem"
"an example that was fundamental to the argument"
"computers are fundamental to modern industrial structure"

{adj: certificatory} serving to certify or endorse authoritatively

{adj: cheating, dirty, foul, unsporting, unsportsmanlike} violating accepted standards or rules
"a dirty fighter"
"used foul means to gain power"
"a nasty unsporting serve"
"fined for unsportsmanlike behavior"

{adj: coercive} serving or intended to coerce
"authority is directional instead of coercive"

{adj: collateral, confirmative, confirming, confirmatory, corroborative, corroboratory, substantiating, substantiative, validating, validatory, verificatory, verifying} serving to support or corroborate
"collateral evidence"

{adj: congealed, jelled, jellied} congealed into jelly; solidified by cooling
"in Georgia they serve congealed salads"

{adj: conjunctive} serving or tending to connect
<-> disjunctive

{adj: conserving, preserving} saving from harm or loss
"serves a conserving function"

{adj: contrastive} syntactically establishing a relation of contrast between sentences or elements of a sentence
"disjunctive conjunctions like `but', `or', or `though' serve a contrastive function"

{adj: coordinating, coordinative} serving to connect two grammatical constituents of identical construction
"`and' in `John and Mary' or in `John walked and Mary rode' is a coordinating conjunction; and so is `or' in `will you go or stay?'"
<-> subordinating

{adj: cosmetic, decorative, ornamental} serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose
"cosmetic fenders on cars"
"the buildings were utilitarian rather than decorative"

{adj: cosmetic, enhancive} serving an aesthetic purpose in beautifying the body
"cosmetic surgery"
"enhansive makeup"

{adj: counterbalancing} serving to equilibrate
"he added a counterbalancing weight"

{adj: criterial, criterional} serving as a basis for evaluation

{adj: defensive} serving as or appropriate for defending or protecting
"defensive fortifications"
"defensive dikes to protect against floods"

{adj: demonstrative of} serving to prove or demonstrate
"the oath of office is...demonstrative of the legislative opinion on this subject"- John Marshall

{adj: demonstrative, illustrative} serving to demonstrate

{adj: descriptive} serving to describe or inform or characterized by description
"the descriptive variable"
"a descriptive passage"
<-> undescriptive

{adj: designative} serving to designate

{adj: disjunctive} serving or tending to divide or separate
<-> conjunctive

{adj: distinguishing, identifying} serving to distinguish or identify a species or group
"the distinguishing mark of the species is its plumage"
"distinctive tribal tattoos"
"we were asked to describe any identifying marks or distinguishing features"

{adj: distributive} serving to distribute or allot or disperse
<-> collective

{adj: dividing, divisional} serving to divide or marking a division
"the divisional line between two states"

{adj: dividing} serving simply to separate or partition
"a dividing partition"

{adj: done} cooked until ready to serve

{adj: dysfunctional, nonadaptive} (of a trait or condition) failing to serve an adjustive purpose
"dysfunctional behavior"

{adj: edifying, enlightening} enlightening or uplifting so as to encourage intellectual or moral improvement
"the paintings in the church served an edifying purpose even for those who could not read"
<-> unedifying

{adj: emblematic, emblematical, symbolic, symbolical} serving as a visible symbol for something abstract
"a crown is emblematic of royalty"
"the spinning wheel was as symbolic of colonical Massachusetts as the codfish"

{adj: emblematic, exemplary, typic} being or serving as an illustration of a type
"the free discussion that is emblematic of democracy"
"an action exemplary of his conduct";

{adj: emotionless, passionless} unmoved by feeling
"he kept his emotionless objectivity and faith in the cause he served"
"this passionless girl was like an icicle in the sunshine"-Margaret Deland

{adj: endocentric} fulfilling the grammatical role of one of its constituents
"when `three blind mice' serves as a noun it is an endocentric construction"
<-> exocentric

{adj: evidential, evidentiary} serving as or based on evidence
"evidential signs of a forced entry"
"its evidentiary value"

{adj: evocative, redolent, remindful, reminiscent} serving to bring to mind
"cannot forbear to close on this redolent literary note"- Wilder Hobson
"a campaign redolent of machine politics"

{adj: ex officio} by virtue of an office or position
"the head of the department serves as an ex officio member of the board"

{adj: exocentric} not fulfilling the same grammatical role of any of its constituents
"when `until last Easter' serves as an adverb it is an exocentric construction"
<-> endocentric

{adj: expedient} serving to promote your interest
"was merciful only when mercy was expedient"
<-> inexpedient

{adj: explanatory} serving or intended to explain or make clear
"explanatory notes"
"an explanatory paragraph"

{adj: exploratory, explorative} serving in or intended for exploration or discovery
"an exploratory operation"
"exploratory reconnaissance"
"digging an exploratory well in the Gulf of Mexico"
"exploratory talks between diplomats"
<-> nonexploratory

{adj: explosive} serving to explode or characterized by explosion or sudden outburst
"an explosive device"
"explosive gas"
"explosive force"
"explosive violence"
"an explosive temper"
<-> nonexplosive

{adj: expository, expositive} serving to expound or set forth
"clean expository writing"

{adj: extraordinary} (of an official) serving an unusual or special function in addition to those of the regular officials
"an ambassador extraordinary"

{adj: familiarizing, familiarising} serving to make familiar

{adj: first-come-first-serve, rush} not accepting reservations

{adj: future, next, succeeding} (of elected officers) elected but not yet serving
"our next president"

{adj: headed} having a head of a specified kind or anything that serves as a head; often used in combination
"headed bolts"
"three-headed Cerberus"
"a cool-headed fighter pilot"
<-> headless

{adj: helpful} providing assistance or serving a useful function
<-> unhelpful

{adj: heuristic} of or relating to or using a general formulation that serves to guide investigation
<-> algorithmic

{adj: homologous} having the same evolutionary origin but serving different functions
"the wing of a bat and the arm of a man are homologous"
<-> analogous, heterologous

{adj: implemental, instrumental, subservient} serving or acting as a means or aid
"instrumental in solving the crime"

{adj: improvised, jury-rigged, makeshift} done or made using whatever is available
"crossed the river on improvised bridges"
"the survivors used jury-rigged fishing gear"
"the rock served as a makeshift hammer"

{adj: inaugural, initiative, initiatory, first, maiden} serving to set in motion
"the magazine's inaugural issue"
"the initiative phase in the negotiations"
"an initiatory step toward a treaty"
"his first (or maiden) speech in Congress"
"the liner's maiden voyage"

{adj: indexical} of or relating to or serving as an index

{adj: individual, separate, single} characteristic of or meant for a single person or thing
"an individual serving"
"single occupancy"
"a single bed"

{adj: inhalant} inhaling or serving for inhalation
"an inhalant pore"

{adj: instructive, informative} serving to instruct of enlighten or inform
<-> uninstructive

{adj: interim} serving during an intermediate interval of time
"an interim agreement"

{adj: introductory, prefatorial, prefatory} serving as an introduction or preface

{adj: introductory} serving to open or begin
"began the slide show with some introductory remarks"

{adj: irritating, irritative} (used of physical stimuli) serving to stimulate or excite
"an irritative agent"

{adj: marine} of or relating to military personnel who serve both on land and at sea (specifically the U.S. Marine Corps)
"marine barracks"

{adj: ministering, ministrant, attending} serving attendance on someone
"a ministering angel"
"the angels ministrant sang"
"the attending physician"

{adj: monumental} relating or belonging to or serving as a monument
"the use of the arch in monumental architecture"
"monumental sculptures"

{adj: nominative} serving as or indicating the subject of a verb and words identified with the subject of a copular verb
"nominative noun endings"
"predicate nominative"

{adj: normal} conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal
"serve wine at normal room temperature"
"normal diplomatic relations"
"normal working hours"
"normal word order"
"normal curiosity"
"the normal course of events"
<-> abnormal

{adj: objective, accusative} serving as or indicating the object of a verb or of certain prepositions and used for certain other purposes
"objective case"
"accusative endings"

{adj: otiose, pointless, superfluous, wasted} serving no useful purpose; having no excuse for being
"otiose lines in a play"
"advice is wasted words"

{adj: out} directed outward or serving to direct something outward
"the out doorway"
"the out basket"

{adj: partitive, separative} serving to separate or divide into parts
"partitive tendencies in education"
"the uniting influence was stronger than the separative"

{adj: partitive} indicating or characterized by or serving to create partition or division into parts
"partitive tendencies in education"

{adj: penal} serving as or designed to impose punishment
"penal servitude"
"a penal colony"

{adj: pinchbeck} serving as an imitation or substitute
"pinchbeck heroism"

{adj: possessive, genitive} serving to express or indicate possession
"possessive pronouns"
"the genitive endings"

{adj: promotional} of or relating to serving as publicity
"promotional fares"

{adj: prosthetic} relating to or serving as a prosthesis

{adj: proud} feeling self-respect or pleasure in something by which you measure your self-worth; or being a reason for pride
"proud parents"
"proud of his accomplishments"
"a proud moment"
"proud to serve his country"
"a proud name"
"proud princes"
<-> humble

{adj: provocative} serving or tending to provoke, excite, or stimulate; stimulating discussion or exciting controversy
"a provocative remark"
"a provocative smile"
"provocative Irish tunes which...compel the hearers to dance"- Anthony Trollope
<-> unprovocative

{adj: purgatorial, purging, purifying} serving to purge or rid of sin
"purgatorial rites"

{adj: purpose-built, purpose-made} designed and constructed to serve a particular purpose

{adj: purposeful} serving as or indicating the existence of a purpose or goal
<-> purposeless

{adj: rebarbative, repellent, repellant} serving or tending to repel
"he became rebarbative and prickly and spiteful"
"I find his obsequiousness repellent"

{adj: representative} serving to represent or typify
"representative moviegoers"
"a representative modern play"

{adj: restrictive} serving to restrict
"teenagers eager to escape restrictive home environments"
<-> unrestrictive

{adj: rudder-like} formed like and serving like a rudder

{adj: sanctionative, sanctioning} implying sanction or serving to sanction
"the guardian's duties were primarily sanctionative rather than administrative"

{adj: self-service} of or denoting an establishment (a restaurant or shop etc.) where customers serve themselves

{adj: self-serving, self-seeking} interested only in yourself

{adj: serviceable} intended or able to serve a purpose without elaboration
"serviceable low-heeled shoes";

{adj: single} existing alone or consisting of one entity or part or aspect or individual
"upon the hill stood a single tower"
"had but a single thought which was to escape"
"a single survivor"
"a single serving"
"a single lens"
"a single thickness"
<-> multiple

{adj: sliced} used of meat; cut into pieces for serving

{adj: stodgy} heavy and starchy and hard to digest
"stodgy food"
"a stodgy pudding served up when everyone was already full"

{adj: subordinating, subordinative} serving to connect a subordinate clause to a main clause
"`when' in `I will come when I can' is a subordinating conjunction"
<-> coordinating

{adj: sustentacular} serving to sustain or support
"sustentacular cells"

{adj: taped} secured or held in place by tape
"carefully taped pieces of glass served as a windowpane"

{adj: tractive} exerting traction and serving to pull

{adj: unreal} lacking in reality or substance or genuineness; not corresponding to acknowledged facts or criteria
"ghosts and other unreal entities"
"unreal propaganda serving as news"
<-> real

{adj: working} serving to permit or facilitate further work or activity
"discussed the working draft of a peace treaty"
"they need working agreements with their neighbor states on interstate projects"

{adv: a la mode} with ice cream on top or on the side
"we served the apple pie a la mode"

{adv: ad interim} for an intervening time; temporarily
"elected to serve ad interim"

{adv: additionally, in addition, to boot} by way of addition; furthermore
"he serves additionally as the CEO"

{adv: devotedly} with devotion
"He served his master devotedly"

{adv: hand and foot} in all ways possible
"they served him hand and foot"

{adv: justly, right} in accordance with moral or social standards
"that serves him right"
"do right by him"

{adv: meritoriously} in a meritorious manner
"he served his country meritoriously"

{adv: organically} as an important constituent
"the drapery served organically to cover the Madonna"

{adv: unofficially} not in an official capacity
"unofficially, he serves as the treasurer"
<-> officially

{n: Army National Guard, ARNG} a civilian reserve component of the United States Army comprised of guardsmen who serve during overseas peacekeeping missions and during local emergencies

{n: Black and Tan} an English recruit (who wore a uniform that was black and tan) serving in the Irish constabulary to suppress the Sinn Fein rebellion of 1919 to 1921

{n: Blighty} a slang term for England used by English troops serving abroad

{n: Bullfinch, Charles Bullfinch} United States architect who designed the Capitol Building in Washington which served as a model for state capitols throughout the United States (1763-1844)


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