英语学习词典
  

road

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road [ rəud] n.路,道路,公路

on the road 在旅途中

take the road 出动,动身;走…道路

take the road of 占先,居…之上

on the road 在旅途中

on the road
在旅途中

ring-road n. 环形公路

road [rəud] n. 路,道路

高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road

路演 road show

内环路 inner ring road

三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)"

四项基本原则 "the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought"

脱贫致富 "cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity"

养路费 road toll

有中国特色的社会主义道路 road of socialism with Chinese characteristics

Standard for Road Tunnels, Bridges, and Other Limited Access Highways
地下渠道、桥梁和限制级高速公路的标准

road

road game 客场比赛

Road Up. Detour 马路施工,请绕行

road hog 驾车乱抢路的人

royal road 容易取得成功的捷径

Road and Traffic 公路和交通

Road closed 此路封闭

on the road 在旅途中 

road

交通规则 traffic regulation
路标 guide post
里程碑 milestone
停车标志 mark car stop
红绿灯 traffic light
自动红绿灯 automatic traffic signal light
红灯 red light
绿灯 green light
黄灯 amber light
交通岗 traffic post
岗亭 police box
交通警 traffic police
打手势 pantomime
单行线 single line
双白线 double white lines
双程线dual carriage-way
斑马线 zebra stripes
划路线机 traffic line marker
交通干线 artery traffic
车行道 carriage-way
辅助车道 lane auxiliary
双车道 two-way traffic
自行车通行 cyclists only
单行道 one way only
窄路 narrow road
潮湿路滑 slippery when wet
陡坡 steep hill
不平整路 rough road
弯路 curve road ; bend road
连续弯路 winding road
之字路 double bend road
之字公路 switch back road
下坡危险 dangerous down grade
道路交叉点 road junction
十字路 cross road
左转 turn left
右转 turn right
靠左 keep left
靠右 keep right
慢驶 slow
速度 speed
超速 excessive speed
速度限制 speed limit
恢复速度 resume speed
禁止通行 no through traffic
此路不通 blocked
不准驶入 no entry
不准超越 keep in line ; no overhead
不准掉头 no turns
让车道 passing bay
回路 loop
安全岛 safety island
停车处 parking place
停私人车 private car park
只停公用车 public car only
不准停车 restricted stop
不准滞留 restricted waiting
临街停车 parking on-street
街外停车 parking off-street
街外卸车 loading off-street
当心行人 caution pedestrian crossing
当心牲畜 caution animals
前面狭桥 narrow bridge ahead
拱桥 hump bridge
火车栅 level crossing
修路 road works
医院 hospital
儿童 children
学校 school
寂静地带 silent zone
非寂静地带 silent zone ends
交通管理 traffic control
人山人海 crowded conditions
拥挤的人 jam-packed with people
交通拥挤 traffic jam
水泄不通 overwhelm
顺挤 extrusion direct
冲挤 extrusion impact
推挤 shoved
挨身轻推 nudging
让路 give way
粗心行人 careless pedestrian
犯交通罪 committing traffic offences
执照被记违章 endorsed on driving license
危险驾驶 dangerous driving
粗心驾车 careless driving
无教员而驾驶 driving without an instructor
无证驾驶 driving without license
未经车主同意 without the owner's consent
无第三方保险 without third-party insurance
未挂学字牌 driving without a "L" plate
安全第一 safety first
轻微碰撞 slight impact
迎面相撞 head-on collision
相撞 collided
连环撞 a chain collision
撞车 crash
辗过 run over
肇事逃跑司机 hit-run driver
冲上人行道 drive onto the pavement

脱贫致富 cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road toprosperity

There are several reasons for this problem. One of the main reasons is that the number of vehicles is increasing much more rapidly than building of roads. Another primary reason is that there seem to be too many private cars and not enough public buses.
关于这个问题,有很多原因。一个主要原因是车辆增加的数量远快于道路的建设。另一个主要原因是私家车过多而公交车不够。

左侧围应力蒙皮
R/S stretching skin (road side)

道路负荷试验
road load test

道路试验法
road test method

道路车辆
road vehicle

越野车
off-road vehicle

轻型越野车
light-off-road vehicle

中型越野车
medium off-road vehicle

重型越野车
heavy off -road vehicle

超重型越野车
extra heavy off- road vehicle

道路列车
road train

客用道路列车
passenger road train

铰接式道路列车
articulated road train

双挂式道路列车
double road train

混合式道路列车
composite road train

筑路工程用车
road machine

压路机
road roller

A wet road is usually slippery.
潮湿的路往往是滑的。

subway to cross the road
穿过马路的人行隧道

The road-works caused much complaint among local neighbours.
修路工程使当地居民叫苦连天。

A strong blast of wind blew the car sideways off the road.
一阵狂风把汽车吹到了路边。

The bus pulled into the opening at the side of the road to let the cars pass.
公交车开到路边的空地上,让那些小汽车通过。

Because the road was being repaired, barriers were put up to prevent people from driving in that area.
因为修路而架起了栅栏,不让汽车开到那里。

The road links all the new towns.
这公路将所有的新城镇都连接了起来。

When the new road was built, the small town was transformed into a large city.
新的公路建成之后,这个小镇就变成了一个大城市了。

We turned the corner and saw that the road descended sharply.
我们转过弯,看到路陡然下斜。

The stream parallels the road for several miles.
小溪沿着路流淌了几英里。

I don’t know how Mike managed to keep the car on the road for so long. At the end, it was practically falling apart.
我不明白迈克是如何设法开着这车在路上跑了这么长时间。事实上到最后车都快散架了。

One lane is closed while the workers are paving the road.
路上的一条车道在工人铺路期间关闭了。

Will the lorries stand up to the journey over rough roads?
货车能经得起这颠簸不平的路途吗?

A hedge is a row of bushes or small trees, usually along the edge of a garden, field, or road.
树篱是一排灌木或小树,通常围在院子、田野或道路旁边。

Waste products from factories can be made into road-building material.
工厂的废品可改造成筑路材料。

The country has both a road commissioner and a commissioner for public health.
该国既有公路委员又有公共卫生委员。

The road divides here. 这条路在这里分岔。

A wet road is usually slippery. 潮湿的路往往是滑的。

The pursuit of private interests with as little interference as possible from government was seen as the road to human happiness and progress rather than the public obligation and involvement in the collective community that emphasized by the Greeks.
尽可能没有政府干预地追求个人利益被看作为通往人类幸福的道路和进步,而不是像希腊人强调的集体社会中的公共义务与参与。

Where previously it had concentrated on the big infrastructure projects such as dams, roads and bridges, it began to switch to projects which directly improved the basic services of a country.
以前的重心是诸如大坝、道路和桥梁等大型基础设施的建设,现在开始转换到能直接提高国家的基础服务的项目上来了。

Bent stripes, called chevrons painted on the roads make drivers think that they are driving faster than they really are, and thus drivers slow down.
喷刷在马路上的弯曲的人字型条纹, 使司机们觉得他们驾驶的速度比实际的快, 因此司机会减速行驶

We walked along the road.
我们沿着路走。

The road was blocked by a huge rock.
道路被一块大石头堵住了。

The road bridge is now open to traffic.
这座公路桥现在开放通行。

Jack's shoes were caked with mud in a country road after a shower.
阵雨过后走在乡村小路上,杰克的鞋子上沾了些泥块。

Be careful when you cross the road.
过马路时要当心。

It was difficult for us to decide which road to take.
对我们来说,很难决定走哪一条路。

She drummed it into the children that they must not cross the road alone.
她反复地给孩子们说,他们不可以独自横过马路。

Take the east road; it's the shortest way.
走东边这条路吧,这是最近的路。

You may take either of the roads.
两条路你随便走哪一条。

A fall of rocks blocked the road.
掉落的岩石把路封住了。

Where does this road go to?
这条路通向哪?

The road we should take is marked on the map.
我们要走的路已经标在地图上了。

There are more cars on the road in the summer than in the winter.
夏天路上的车子比冬天多。

The road looks beautiful covered by golden pine needles.
这条路上铺满了金黄色的松针,看上去美极了。

The workers are laying pipes under the road.
工人们正在道路下面铺设管道。

He is reading a report of the state of the roads.
他正在看一篇关于道路状况的报告。

All roads lead to Rome.
条条大道通罗马。

The rough road made the car vibrate.
崎岖不平的道路使车颠簸得很厉害。

It's very important to teach the children about road safety.
把交通安全常识教给孩子们是非常重要的。

The roads were sanded after the snowstorm.
道路在暴风雪之后铺上了沙子。

Take special care tonight because the road is icy.
路面结冰了,今晚要格外小心。

The road turned square to the left.
这条路成直角向左转去。

This road leads to London.
这条路通向伦敦。

那,我们走吧。
Let's get going. *这是常用的句子,最好能记住。
Let's get going. (那我们走吧。)
I'll be ready in five minutes. (我5分钟就好。)
Let's go.
Let's take off.
Shall we go? (我们可以走了吗?)
Okay, let's go. (好了,走吧。)
Let's hit the road! *直译是“开路”,是常用的句子,最好能记住。

Because of the type of purchase, we can only ship by road.
由于商品的性质,我方只能使用公路运输。

All roads lead to Rome.
条条道路通罗马。

A road of a thousand miles begins with one step.
千里之行始于足下。

No road is long with good company.
途有好伴,不觉路远。

There is no royal road to learning.
治学无坦途。

The road to hell is paved with good intentions.
徒有良好的愿望而不去努力实现,后悔莫及。

We must repeat a thousand and one times that perseverance is the only road to success.
我们必须千百次地反覆说明,坚韧不拔是取得胜利的唯一道路。

A What’s the best way to go there and see the Olympic site?
A 去看奥运会址的最好方式是什么?
B If you drive, get on the Third Ring Road and head north.
B 如果你开车,就上三环路然后向北。
A And then I should find it easily?
A 然后我就应该很容易找到它吗?
B Yes, keep driving and just follow the signs. It won’t be difficult.
B 是的,一直按着指示牌向前开。不会很难。
A But remember, there will be Olympic events all over the city. The football will be at the Worker’s Stadium, for instance.
A 但是别忘了,北京各处都将举行奥运比赛。例如,足球赛将在工人体育场举行。
B I can’t wait for it to start. Beijing is going to be so exciting during the Olympics.
B 我都等不及奥运会的召开了。奥运会期间北京将是一片欢腾的景象。

A We could go out to the Summer Palace on the weekend if it’s nice weather. And maybe the Ming Tombs too.
A 如果天气好的话,这个周末我们可以去颐和园。也许还去明十三陵。
B That would be nice. Do you have a car?
B 那好啊。你有车吗?
A Yes, I do. I’ve got a car. I could pick you up on Saturday early morning and we could drive before it gets busy.
A 是的,我有。我有一辆小汽车。我可以在周六早晨早早接你,然后我们在交通变得繁忙之前驾车出行。
B That would be fine if it’s OK for you on Saturday early morning.
B 如果周六清早对你合适的话就太好了。
A I prefer it earlier. It’s nicer driving. The roads are quieter, not so busy.
A 我喜欢早一点。那时开车比较好。道路比较安静,车辆不多。
B That’s true. And it’s usually quieter on Saturday anyway.
B 是这样。而且周六通常要安静一些。

A Is there a big difference between driving in Beijing and driving in London?
A 在北京开车和在伦敦开车有很大区别吗?
B Well, the biggest difference is that in Britain we drive on the left. Here, you drive on the right side of the road.
B 哦,最大的区别是在英国我们是左侧通行。在这里,你们是右侧通行。
A Of course. I forgot! This must be very strange for you then?
A 当然, 我忘了!你对这个一定感到很奇怪吧?
B Not really. I’m used to it. In Europe and America, they drive on the same side as China.
B 不太奇怪。我习惯了。在欧洲和美国,也跟中国一样是右侧通行。
A So, is it only Britain that drives on the left?
A 那么说,只有英国是左侧通行了?
B No, not at all. Hong Kong, Japan, India – they’re all the same as Britain. They drive on the left too.
B 不,不是。在香港、日本和印度——都跟英国一样,都是左侧通行。

A You should get a bike too. It’s such good exercise.
A 你应该也买辆自行车。骑自行车是非常好的锻炼。
B Maybe I will. But the traffic worries me! I’m not sure about cycling in such heavy traffic.
B 也许我会的。但是交通使我担心!在这么拥挤的车辆中骑自行车我不太肯定。
A Don’t worry about it. Thousands and thousands of people cycle everyday in Beijing.
A 不必担心。北京成千上万的人每天都在骑自行车。
B I suppose you’re right. I should get a bike.
B 我想你是对的。我应该买辆自行车。
A And remember, lots of the roads have special cycle lanes anyway, so you don’t have to worry about cars.
A 还有记住,很多道路有专门的自行车道,所以你不必担心汽车。

A There’re lots of good things you can do with a bike.
A 有了自行车,你可以做很多有益的事情。
B Like what?
B 比如什么?
A Well, you can go through the Hutongs and forget about cars and traffic.
A 哦,你可以在胡同里穿梭,忘记汽车和其他车辆。
B That’s true. And around places like Houhai.
B 这是真的。还可以在像后海那样的地方转转。
A And you can cycle all through the university area on pretty quiet roads.
A 你可以骑自行车在相当安静的道路上穿越大学区。
B That’s what I’ll do. I’ll get a bike. I’ll cycle along the quiet roads.
B 这是我要做的。我将买辆自行车。我会在安静的道路上骑车。

A I'm very impressed with all the preparations for the Olympics.
A 对奥运会的召开所做的一切准备给我留下了极其深刻的印象。
B So am I. New roads, new metro lines, new sports centres - there's so much going on.
B 我也是。新的道路,新的地铁线,新的体育中心——这么多的东西都在建设中。
A I'm sure they'll be really successful.
A 我肯定它们将非常成功。
B I'm sure they will. The organisation seems excellent.
B 我肯定它们会的。组织工作看起来非常有序。

A The new stadium looks fantastic!
A 新体育场看起来棒极了!
B Yes, it’s wonderful. It’s a really dramatic building.
B 是的,非常好。这真是一个壮观的建筑。
A I guess that whole area of north Beijing will change because of the Olympics.
A 我想奥林匹克运动会将给整个北京带来一个巨大的变化。
B Yes, it’s not just the stadium – it’s new roads, parks, other Olympic buildings too.
B 是的,不仅仅是体育场——还有崭新的道路、公园以及其他的奥运会场馆。
A Big changes everywhere! The Olympics are really changing the city.
A 到处都焕然一新! 奥运会正改变着整个北京城。

A What’s the best way to see the Olympic site?
A 从哪里看奥运会场址最好?
B If you take a taxi or drive, go north round the Third Ring Road. Follow the signs.
B 如果你乘出租车或者自己开车,向北绕三环走。按照路牌的指示走就可以。
A And then I should see it easily?
A 那样我就可以很容易看到奥运会场址吗?
B Yes. It won’t be difficult. You can’t miss it.
B 是的。不难。你一定会看到的。
A I must try and get tickets for the events. I’d love to see it.
A 我一定要设法弄到观看比赛的票。我非常想看比赛。
B Me too. I can’t wait for it to start.
B 我也是。我都迫不及待奥运会的召开了。

A Do you know a good shop for watches? I’d like to but a new watch.
A 你知道卖表的商店吗?我想买只新表。
B Yes. In fact, there’s one very near your hotel.
B 是的,知道。事实上,在你所住的旅馆附近就有一家。
A Is there? That would be really convenient. Where exactly?
A 有吗?那可太方便了。具体在哪里?
B In the shopping mall opposite the hotel. Straight across the road.
B 在旅馆对面的购物中心里。穿过马路就是。
A Do you know which floor?
A 你知道在几楼吗?
B It’s on the second or third floor. I can’t remember exactly, but you’ll find it easily.
B 在二楼或者三楼。我记不太清楚了,但是你很容易就能找到。

A Beijing will be amazing next year.
A 明年北京将非常迷人。
B I guess Beijing will be absolutely crowded during the Olympics.
B 我想在奥运会召开期间北京将极其拥挤。
A Yes, there will be people from everywhere, every nationality.
A 是的,到时人们将来自世界各地,各个国家。
B Full hotels, busy roads, traffic jams, lots of tourists . . .
B 饭店会爆满,街道拥挤,交通堵塞,许多的观光客. . .
A Maybe the best thing is to stay at home and watch it on TV!
A 也许到时最好呆在家里通过电视看奥运会比赛盛况!

A I'm very impressed with all the preparations for the Olympics.
A 中国对奥运会所做的种种准备给我留下了深刻的印象。
B So am I. New roads, new metro lines, new sports centres - there's so much going on.
B 我也是。 新的道路,新的地铁线路,新的运动中心——这么多的事情都在进行当中。
A I'm sure the Games will be really successful.
A 我肯定奥运会将取得巨大的成功。
B Me too. The organisation is excellent.
B 我也这样想。奥运会的组织工作非常出色。
A It’s really changing the whole face of Beijing.
A 北京的整个面貌都焕然一新。

A What’s the best way to go and see the Olympic stadium?
A 怎么走最容易如果我想去看奥运场馆?
B If you are driving, go round the Third Ring Road and head north.
B 如果你开车的话,沿着三环往北开。
A And then I should find it easily?
A 然后就能很快找到吗?
B Yes, or you could take a taxi. There’s also the subway.
B 是的,或者你可以乘出租车去。还有乘坐地铁。

There’s a lot of traffic jams.
这里有很多交通堵塞的状况。
I think there’s too many cars on the roads.
我想这条路上的车太多了。
All the traffic causes pollution.
所有的交通都引起污染。

I was stuck in a traffic jam.
我被困在了交通堵塞的情况中。
The traffic wasn’t moving.
车都停住了。
The traffic was very slow.
交通非常缓慢。
The roads were crowded.
马路上是拥堵极了。

There is no royal road to science,and only those who do not dread the fatiguing climb of its steep paths have a chance of gaining its luminous summits.
Karl Marx, German revolutionary
在科学上没有平坦的大道,只有不畏劳苦沿着其崎岖之路攀登的人,才有希望达到它光辉的顶点。
德国革命家马克恩.K.

There is no royal road to learning.
Anthony Trollope, British novelist
求学没有平坦的大道。
英国小说家特罗洛普.A. 

Activity is the only road to knowedge.
George Bernard shaw, British dramalist  
行动是通往知识的唯一道路。
英国剧作家肖伯纳,G

Never look down to test the ground before taking your step; only he who keeps his eye fixed on the far horizon will find his right road.
Day Hammarskjold, American writer  
迈步之前千万不能向下看去试脚下的地面;只有注视远处地平线的人才能找到正确的道路。
美国作家哈马舍尔德D . 

A novel is a mirror walking along a main road.
一部小说犹如一面在大街上走的镜子。
法国作家司汤达

Let's go for a ride. / Let's take a road trip.
我们开车去兜风吧。

This is our play road.这里是我们游戏的地方。

hit the road上路
We should probably hit the road. It's going to take us two hours to get home.
我们可能该上路了吧?到家的两个小时呢!

road hog 驾车乱抢路的人

royal road 容易取得成功的捷径

"Driving to a friend's house last night I took the wrong turn off the main highway and got lost. I didn't have a road map but I flew by the seat of my pants and after twenty minutes I found the street I was looking for."
“昨晚在我开车去一个朋友家的路上,我在一条高速公路上拐错了一个弯,结果就迷失了方向。我当时又没有地图。我只好凭着自己的猜测开,过了二十分钟我终于找到了我要去的那条路。”

"I try to keep an ear to the ground and what I hear these days is that most people think we spend too much money on building roads and not enough on our schools."
“我总是设法注意人们的想法。最近我听说,大多数人认为我们在筑路方面花钱太多,而用在学校方面的钱却不足。”

必由之路 [bì yóu zhī lù] /the road one must follow or take/the only way/

便道 [biàn dào] /shortcut/pavement/sidewalk/makeshift road/

岔 [chà] /branch in a road/astray/diverge/

冲 [chōng] /to rinse/to collide/to water/to rush/to dash (against)/to wash out/to charge/highway/public road/

重蹈 [chóng dào] /to repeat/to follow the same road as/

道 [dào] /direction/way/method/road/path/principle/truth/reason/skill/method/Tao (of Taoism)/a measure word/to say/to speak/to talk/

道路 [dào lù] /road/path/way/

干线 [gàn xiàn] /(n) main road; primary route/

公路 [gōng lù] /public road/

开辟 [kāi pì] /(v) open the flow of some stream; start/(v) build a road/

立交桥 [lì jiāo qiáo] /(n) grade splitting bridge for road traffic, one road goes on top and the other below/

路 [lù] /(surname)/road/path/way/

路口 [lù kǒu] /crossing/intersection (of roads)/

路桥 [lù qiáo] /road bridge/

路上 [lù shang ] /(n) road surface/(n) while on a journey/

马路 [mǎ lù] /street/road/

马路口 [mǎ lù kǒu] /intersection (of roads)/

平地机 [píng dì jī] /land grader/road grader/

铺平 [pū píng] /spread out (material)/pave (the way, a road, etc.)/

岐 [qí] /divergent/side road/steep/

歧 [qí] /divergent/side road/

阡 [qiān] /road leading north and south/

十字 [shí zì] /cross road/cross-shaped/crucifix/the character ten/

丝绸之路 [sī chóu zhī lù] /the Silk Road/

坦途 [tǎn tú] /highway/level road/

途 [tú] /way/route/road/

沿途 [yán tú] /(idiom) along the way; the sides of the road/

越野车 [yuè yě chē] /off-road vehicle/all terrain vehicle/sport utility vehicle/

But the human mind can glimpse a rapidly changing scene and immediately disregard the 98 percent that is irrelevant, instantaneously focusing on the monkey at the side of a winding forest road or the single suspicious face in a big crowd.
但是人的大脑能够扫描一个快速变化的场景,迅速排除98%的不相干的物体,立即聚焦于森林中婉蜒道路旁的一只猴子,或者人群中的一张可疑的脸。

When the United States built its industrials infrastructure, it didn't have the capital to do so.
And that is why America's Second Wave infrastructure — including roads, harbors, highways, ports and so on — were built with foreign investment.
当初美国建设自己的工业基础设施时,缺乏必要的资金,因此美国的第二次浪潮基础设施——包括公路、港口,高速公路、港口城市等等——都是用国外资金建造的。
The English, the Germans, the Dutch and the French were investing in Britain's former colony.
英国人、德国人、荷兰人和法国人都在前英国殖民地投资。
They financed them. Immigrant Americans built them.
他们提供资金,美洲移民建造。
Guess who owns them now? The Americans.
想想看,现在谁拥有这一切?美国人。

The process is not the road itself, but rather the attitudes and feelings people have, their caution or courage, as they encounter new experiences and unexpected obstacles.
成长过程不是道路本身,而是当遭遇新的情况或未曾预料的坎坷时所持的态度和情感,是慎重行事还是勇往直前。

In order to grow, to travel new roads, people need to have a willingness to take risks, to confront the unknown, and to accept the possibility that they may "fail" at first.
要想成长,要想探索新的道路,人们就得乐于冒险,乐于面对未知世界,并敢于接受初次尝试便失败的可能性。

{adj: all-weather} usable or operative or practiced in all kinds of weather
"a good all-weather road"
"all-weather flying"

{adj: astute, sharp, shrewd} marked by practical hardheaded intelligence
"a smart businessman"
"an astute tenant always reads the small print in a lease"
"he was too shrewd to go along with them on a road that could lead only to their overthrow"

{adj: blocked, plugged} completely obstructed or closed off
"the storm was responsible for many blocked roads and bridges"
"the drain was plugged"

{adj: boggy, marshy, miry, mucky, muddy, quaggy, sloppy, sloughy, soggy, squashy, swampy, waterlogged} (of soil) soft and watery


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