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resist

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resist [ ri'zist] vt.&vi.抵抗,抵制

resist [ri'zist] v. 抵抗;挡开, 忍得住

抗美援朝战争 War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea

They are resisting any limitation of their powers.
他们在抵制对他们权力的任何限制。

One cannot help being old, but one can resist being aged.
H.L.Samusel.British philosopher and writer
一个人无法不变老。但是他可以抵制衰朽。
英国哲学家、作家塞缪尔。H.L.

I can't resist the temptation.
我不能抵挡诱惑。

保护层 resist

保护层 resist

挡 [dǎng] /hinder/resist/obstruct/hinder/cover/keep off/a cover/to block/to get in the way of/

抵 [dǐ] /hold up/on the whole/push against/to support/to resist/to reach/to arrive/mortgage/

抵抗 [dǐ kàng] /to resist/resistance/

反抗 [fǎn kàng] /revolt/resist/

拒 [jù] /to resist/to repel/to refuse/

抗 [kàng] /to resist/to fight/to defy/

抗击 [kàng jī] /resist (a military attack)/

相对 [xiāng duì] /relatively/opposite/to resist/to oppose/relative/vis-a-vis/

御 [yù] /defend/resist/

阻挡 [zǔ dǎng] /to stop/to resist/to obstruct/

{adj: bombproof, shellproof} able to resist the explosive force of bombs and shells
"bombproof shelter"

{adj: craved, desired} wanted intensely
"the child could no longer resist taking one of the craved cookies"
"it produced the desired effect"

{adj: defiant, noncompliant} boldly resisting authority or an opposing force
"brought up to be aggressive and defiant"
"a defiant attitude"
<-> compliant

{adj: fire-retardant, fire-resistant, fire-resisting, fire-resistive} difficult to burn

{adj: forbearing, longanimous} showing patient and unruffled self-control and restraint under adversity; slow to retaliate or express resentment
"seemly and forbearing...yet strong enough to resist aggression"
"was longanimous in the face of suffering"

{adj: hard} resisting weight or pressure
<-> soft

{adj: hostile} unsolicited and resisted by the management of the target company ( used of attempts to buy or take control of a business)
"hostile takeover"
"hostile tender offer"
"hostile bid"

{adj: incompressible} impossible to compress; resisting compression
"mounds of incompressible garbage"
<-> compressible

{adj: inert} unable to move or resist motion

{adj: irresistible, resistless} impossible to resist; overpowering
"irresistible (or resistless) impulses"
"what happens when an irresistible force meets an immovable object?"
<-> resistible

{adj: rebellious} resisting control or authority
"temperamentally rebellious"
"a rebellious crew"

{adj: resistible} capable of being resisted or withstood or frustrated
"a resistible attack"
"such resistible temptations"
<-> irresistible

{adj: treated} subjected to a physical (or chemical) treatment or action or agent
"the sludge of treated sewage can be used as fertilizer"
"treated timbers resist rot"
"treated fabrics resist wrinkling"
<-> untreated

{adj: unascertainable, undiscoverable} not able to be ascertained; resisting discovery

{adv: overwhelmingly, overpoweringly, irresistibly} incapable of being resisted
"the candy looked overwhelmingly desirable to the dieting man"

{adv: similarly, likewise} in like or similar manner
"He was similarly affected"
"some people have little power to do good, and have likewise little strength to resist evil"- Samuel Johnson

{n: Bowie, Jim Bowie, James Bowie} United States pioneer and hero of the Texas revolt against Mexico; he shared command of the garrison that resisted the Mexican attack on the Alamo where he died (1796-1836)

{n: Crazy Horse, Tashunca-Uitco} a chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877)

{n: Hunkpapa} a member of the Siouan people who constituted a division of the Teton Sioux and who formerly lived in the western Dakotas; they were prominent in resisting the white encroachment into the northern Great Plains

{n: Ku Klux Klan, Klan, KKK} a secret society of white Southerners in the United States; was formed in the 19th century to resist the emancipation of slaves; used terrorist tactics to suppress Black people

{n: Masoud, Ahmad Shah Masoud} Afghan leader of forces opposed to the Taliban; won fame by successfully resisting the Soviets in the 1980s; was assassinated by men posing as journalists (1953-2001)

{n: Ni-hard, Ni-hard iron} cast iron to which nickel has been added to make it resist abrasion

{n: Ni-resist, Ni-resist iron} cast iron consisting of graphite in a matrix of austenite

{n: Penelope} (Greek mythology) the wife of Odysseus and a symbol of devotion and fidelity; for 10 years while Odysseus fought the Trojan War she resisted numerous suitors until Odysseus returned and killed them

{n: Red Cloud} leader of the Oglala who resisted the development of a trail through Wyoming and Montana by the United States government (1822-1909)

{n: backwater} any backward region that is isolated from the world and resists progress

{n: buffer} an ionic compound that resists changes in its pH

{n: bulletproof vest} a vest capable of resisting the impact of a bullet

{n: bunker mentality} defensiveness resulting from repeated attacks
"after so many suicide bombings the Israelis have to resist developing a bunker mentality"

{n: butcher paper} a strong wrapping paper that resists penetration by blood or meat fluids

{n: domestication} accommodation to domestic life
"her explorer husband resisted all her attempts at domestication"

{n: helmet} a protective headgear made of hard material to resist blows

{n: hostile takeover} a takeover that is resisted by the management of the target company

{n: immunity, resistance} (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease

{n: indestructibility} the strength to resist destruction
<-> destructibility

{n: indulgence, self-indulgence} an inability to resist the gratification of whims and desires

{n: introduction} a new proposal
"they resisted the introduction of impractical alternatives"

{n: irresistibility, irresistibleness} the quality of being overpowering and impossible to resist

{n: judo} a sport adapted from jujitsu (using principles of not resisting) and similar to wrestling; developed in Japan

{n: lastingness, durability, enduringness, strength} permanence by virtue of the power to resist stress or force
"they advertised the durability of their products"

{n: lockout} a management action resisting employee's demands; employees are barred from entering the workplace until they agree to terms

{n: moment of inertia} the tendency of a body to resist angular acceleration

{n: negativity, negativeness, negativism} characterized by habitual skepticism and a disagreeable tendency to deny or oppose or resist suggestions or commands
<-> positiveness, positivity

{n: nullifier} an advocate of nullification; someone who believes that a state can resist federal laws

{n: part} in so far as the actor specified is concerned
"it requires vigilance on our part"
"they resisted every effort on his part"

{n: permanent press, permanent-press fabric, durable press, durable-press fabric} a fabric that has been chemically processed to resist wrinkles and hold its shape

{n: resistance} the military action of resisting the enemy's advance
"the enemy offered little resistance"

{n: resisting arrest} physical efforts to oppose a lawful arrest; the resistance is classified as assault and battery upon the person of the police officer attempting to make the arrest

{n: resistor, resistance} an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current

{n: retaining wall} a wall that is built to resist lateral pressure (especially a wall built to prevent the advance of a mass of earth)

{n: rigidity, rigidness} the physical property of being stiff and resisting bending

{n: ruggedization, ruggedisation} the act of making a piece of equipment rugged (strengthening to resist wear or abuse)

{n: shopaholic} a compulsive shopper
"shopaholics can never resist a bargain"

{n: solid, solidness, solid state} the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it; and retains a definite size and shape

{n: strut} brace consisting of a bar or rod used to resist longitudinal compression

{n: tin, Sn, atomic number 50} a silvery malleable metallic element that resists corrosion; used in many alloys and to coat other metals to prevent corrosion; obtained chiefly from cassiterite where it occurs as tin oxide

{n: violence, force} an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists)
"he may accomplish by craft in the long run what he cannot do by force and violence in the short one"

{n: wild mango, dika, wild mango tree, Irvingia gabonensis} African tree with edible yellow fruit resembling mangos; valued for its oil-rich seed and hardy green wood that resists termites

{n: withstander} an opponent who resists with force or resolution
"obstinate withstanders of innovation"

{v: buck, go against} resist
"buck the trend"

{v: cling, cleave, adhere, stick, cohere} come or be in close contact with ; stick or hold together and resist separation
"The dress clings to her body"
"The label stuck to the box"
"The sushi rice grains cohere"

{v: defy, resist, refuse} elude, especially in a baffling way
"This behavior defies explanation"
<-> lend oneself

{v: defy, withstand, hold, hold up} resist or confront with resistance
"The politician defied public opinion"
"The new material withstands even the greatest wear and tear"
"The bridge held"

{v: fight, oppose, fight back, fight down, defend} fight against or resist strongly
"The senator said he would oppose the bill"
"Don't fight it!"

{v: outbrave} resist bravely
"He outbraved the enemy"

{v: protest, resist, dissent} express opposition through action or words
"dissent to the laws of the country"

{v: resist, balk, baulk, jib} refuse to comply

{v: resist, hold out, withstand, stand firm} stand up or offer resistance to somebody or something
<-> surrender

{v: resist, reject, refuse} resist immunologically the introduction of some foreign tissue or organ
"His body rejected the liver of the donor"

{v: resist, stand, fend} withstand the force of something
"The trees resisted her"
"stand the test of time"
"The mountain climbers had to fend against the ice and snow"

{v: stand up, hold up, hold water} resist or withstand wear, criticism, etc.
"Her shoes won't hold up"
"This theory won't hold water"

{v: surrender, give up} give up or agree to forego to the power or possession of another
"The last Taleban fighters finally surrendered"
<-> resist

Although research shows the accuracy of both adults and children can be affected by leading or suggestive questions, the ability to resist the influence of external suggestion increases with age
虽然研究表明成年人和儿童记忆的准确性都会受到引导性提问或诱导性提问的影响,但是抵抗外来暗示的能力随着年龄的增长而增加。

When he was offered the job he couldn't resist the challenge of brightening up the London base of Aeroflot, the Russian airline which had a very serious reputation.
在接受这项任命时,他抵挡不住这样的挑战:要使以严肃着称的俄罗斯航空公司的伦敦基地更加活跃。

I can't resist adding that moderate drinkers have much lower death rates from heart attack than teetotalers.
我忍不住要附带补充一句:适度的饮酒者比完全禁酒者心脏病死亡率要低得多。

The harder they try to catch his attention, the more he resists.
它们越是想引诱他,他就越加戒备。

For decades, General Motors and the Ford Motor Co. have publicly resisted attempts to tighten fuel economy and clean up toxic tailpipes.
多年来,通用汽车公司和福特汽车公司一直公开反对降低耗油量,反对减少有毒的尾气排放量。

The fixes to the supersonic plane could include tires that resist rupture and explosion, reinforcing the protection of fuel tanks and perhaps coating the underside of the wings with tough materials like Kevlar.
对这种超音速飞机的维修,包括换用防爆裂轮胎,加强油箱保护措施,也许还得在机翼底部涂一层像凯夫拉尔这样的质地坚硬的防护材料。

Arnault swears that no matter how much he pays for his toniest brands, he will resist the impulse to recoup his investment by degrading them in that way.
阿诺尔特发誓:无论他要为那些专为社会上层服务的品牌付出多大代价,都将经受住这样的诱惑:通过授权其他公司使用自己的品牌、降低自身档次收回投资。

Einstein himself resisted all efforts to explore his psyche, rejecting, for example, a Freudian analyst's offer to put him on the couch.
爱因斯坦不允许别人探索他的精神世界。例如,一位弗洛伊德精神分析家曾自告奋勇,要给他释梦,被他一口回绝。

And we might then begin to resist their pressure.
这样一来,我们或许可以开始抵制它们的压力。

This is not because such an interpretation necessarily stiffens into a thesis (although rigidity in any interpretation of this or of any novel is always a danger), but because Wuthering Heights has recalcitrant elements of undeniable power that, ultimately, resist inclusion in an all-encompassing interpretation.
这倒不是因为这样的一种解释必定会僵化成为一个命题(尽管对这部或任何一部小说的解释中,僵化死板总是一种危险),而是因为《呼啸山庄》拥有一些极难驾御的因素,以其无可辩驳的力度,最终拒绝被囿于一个囊括无遗的解释中。

Viruses, infectious particles consisting of nucleic acid packaged in a protein coat (the capsid), are difficult to resist.
病毒,即由包裹在一层蛋白质衣壳(病毒壳体,the capsid)内的核酸所构成的感染性微粒,是难于抵制的。

Humans have difficulty resisting colds because rhinoviruses are so diverse, including at least 100 strains.
人类难于抵制感冒,因为鼻病毒是如此多种多样,包括至少100种。

Mr. Thaksin's office minister, Suranand Vejjajiva, speaking by telephone from Yala, acknowledged that some shops were closed, but said the government was urging people to resist intimidation.
他信总理办公室部长索兰南德在雅拉打来的电话中承认,一些商店星期五关闭了。可是他说,政府呼吁人们抵制恐吓行径。

U.S Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has said the U.S. government will take action if the allegations are proven true. She has urged Muslims to resist calls for violence, saying any disrespect to the Koran would never by tolerated by the United States.
美国国务卿赖斯已经表示,如果亵渎事件属实,美国政府将会采取行动。她呼吁穆斯林不要响应参加暴力示威的号召,并说美国绝不会容忍对可兰经的任何不尊重行为。

The president said there are still some people in Iraq who are resisting the shift to democracy. But he said progress is being made in preparing the Iraqis to take more control of their own security, saying U.S. generals on the ground are upbeat about the training and recruitment of Iraqi troops.
布什总统说,伊拉克仍然有一些人抗拒向民主的过渡。但是他说,有关方面在训练伊拉克人更多地负责安全任务方面取得了进展。他说,在伊拉克的美国将军对训练和招募伊拉克军队的进展感到乐观。

F42
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
The essential feature is recurrent obsessional thoughts or compulsive acts. Obsessional
thoughts are ideas, images, or impulses that enter the patient's mind again and again in a
stereotyped form. They are almost invariably distressing and the patient often tries,
unsuccessfully, to resist them. They are, however, recognized as his or her own thoughts,
even though they are involuntary and often repugnant. Compulsive acts or rituals are
stereotyped behaviours that are repeated again and again. They are not inherently
enjoyable, nor do they result in the completion of inherently useful tasks. Their function
is to prevent some objectively unlikely event, often involving harm to or caused by the
patient, which he or she fears might otherwise occur. Usually, this behaviour is
recognized by the patient as pointless or ineffectual and repeated attempts are made to
resist. Anxiety is almost invariably present. If compulsive acts are resisted the anxiety
gets worse.
Includes: anankastic neurosis
obsessive-compulsive neurosis
Excludes: obsessive-compulsive personality (disorder) (F60.5)
强迫症
基本的特徵是反覆的强迫性思考或强迫性行动。强
迫性思考是指意念、心象或冲动以一种刻板的方式
, 一次又一次的进入病人的思绪当中。这些通常是
令人困扰的 , 病人通常会试着去抵抗上述意念 , 但
都不会成功。这些意念一向被病人认为是自己的思
考 , 纵使他们是非志愿或厌恶的。强迫性行动或仪
式行动是一种刻板的行为 , 被一次又一无可奈何次
的重复。这些并不令人感到愉快 , 也不能达成有用
的任务。病人通常把这些行动视为是一种用来避免
在客观上并不可能发生的对患者或他人的伤害 , 这
些行为通常会被病人认为是没有意义的或亳无作用
的 , 而且屡次地想来抵抗此行动 , 同时会有焦虑。
若试图抵抗此重覆行为 , 焦虑会加重。
包含 : 强迫性精神官能症 (anankastic neurosis)
强迫性精神官能症 (obsessive-compulsive neurosis)
不包含 : 强迫性人格障碍症 (F60.5)

F63.2
Pathological stealing [kleptomania] ,br> Disorder char.lcterizcd hy
repeated failure to resist impulses to steal objects that are not acquired for personal
use or monetary gain. The objects may instead be discarded, given away, or hoarded. This
behaviour is usually accompanied by an increasing sense of tension before, and a sense of
gratification during and immediately after, the act.
Excludes: depressive disorder with stealing (F31-F33)
organic mental disorders (F00-F09)
shoplifting as the reason for observation for suspected mental disorder (Z03.2)
病态偷窃症 ( 窃盗癖 )
此障碍症之患者会一再无法抗拒偷窃的冲动而行窃
, 但其目地并不是为了个人使用之需要 , 也不是为
了其金钱价值。而且经常会将其所窃得之物品丢弃
, 送人或囤积起来。此障碍症之患者通常会描述 :
在从事偷窃前会感受逐渐升高的紧张和压力 , 偷窃
後会有高度的愉悦、满足及解脱感。
不包含 : 忧郁疾患的偷窃 (F31-F33)
器质性精神疾病 (F00-F09)
疑似有其他精神疾病 (Z03.2)

F63.3
Trichotillomania
A disorder characterized by noticeable hair-loss due to a recurrent failure to resist
impulses to pull out hairs. The hair-pulling is usually preceded by mounting tension and
is followed by a sense of relief or gratification. This diagnosis should not be made if
there is a pre- existing inflammation of the skin, or if the hair-pulling is in response
to a delusion or a hallucination.
Excludes: stereotyped movement disorder with hair-plucking (F98.4)
拔毛症
此诊断之特徵是因无法抗拒拔毛的冲动 , 而有明显
的失毛现象 , 通常在发生之前 , 患者会感受逐渐增
加之压力和紧张 , 以及事後会有高度的愉悦、满足
及解脱感。若是有皮肤发炎或是有妄想或幻觉所造
成则此诊断不成立。
不包含 : 重覆动作疾患之拔毛行为 (F98.4)

F63.8
Other habit and impulse disorders
Other kinds of persistently repeated maladaptive behaviour that are not secondary to a
recognized psychiatric syndrome, and in which it appears that the patient is repeatedly
failing to resist impulses to carry out the behaviour. There is a prodromal period of
tension with a feeling of release at the time of the act.
Intermittent explosive disorder
其他的习惯和冲动障碍症
其他种类的重覆性不适当行为 , 非续发於其他精神
障碍症。重覆他无法其抗拒冲动的行为 , 其有动作
前的紧张及动作後的放松感。
间歇性暴发性行为障碍症


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