英语学习词典
  

require

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require [ ri'kwaiə] vt.需要;要求,命令

require [ri'kwaiə] vt. 需求;要求

require [ri'kwaiə] 需求

required 必需

Core Curriculum(核心课程、基础课程):高等院校设置一批各种主题领域的本科课程,作
为攻读某一学位学生必修的课程,也称"Required Courses"(必修课程)。

Course(课程):按预定计划进行的课堂教学,在一个学期中每周安排一至五课时(也可能
是五小时以上)。一项授给学位的课程总是由特定数目的必修课程(Required Courses)和
选修课程(elective courses)组成,各校的规定各不相同。学校开设的课程通常都有指定的
名称和代号(如数学101),以示区分。

Required Courses(必修课程):学生为获得特定学位所必须学习并取得合格成绩的课程。

The law requires you wear a seatbelt 法规要求系安全带。

You will be required to leave a deposit when you pick up the car.取车时需交押金。

All tours require advance booking. 旅游需要提前定票。

必修课 required/compulsory course

Core Curriculum(核心课程、基础课程):高等院校设置一批各种主题领域的本科课程,作为攻读某一学位学生必修的课程,也称“Required Courses”(必修课程)。

Course(课程):按预定计划进行的课堂教学,在一个学期中每周安排一至五课时(也可能是五小时以上)。一项授给学位的课程总是由特定数目的必修课程(Required Courses)和选修课程(elective courses)组成,各校的规定各不相同。学校开设的课程通常都有指定的名称和代号(如数学101),以示区分。

Required Courses(必修课程):学生为获得特定学位所必须学习并取得合格成绩的课程。

更改处应加盖印章 alterations require initials

action required
公事待办;待办公事

PAD(Paint As Required) 按需涂漆

legally required audit 法定审计

majority required 规定多数

Required 要求的

required rate of return 要求的回报率

required reserve 规定的准备金

Anybody can sympathize with the sufferings of a friend, but it requires a very fine nature to sympathize with a friend's success.
人人都能同情朋友的痛苦,然而共享朋友的成功需要非常优良的品性。

Freedom is a way of life which requires authority, discipline, and government of its own kind.
自由是一种生活方式,它需要权威、纪律,以及具有自由本身性质的统治。

The company required its clients to pay their bills in advance.
这家公司要求顾客预先支付费用。

They were required to take part in the literacy movement.
他们被要求参加识字运动。

Considerable experience is required to become a general in the army.
要成为一名将军,需要相当的经验。

They hope to reinforce their idea that online learning is not easier than learning in regular classrooms. In fact, many students say it requires much more time and effort.
他们希望强调他们的观点,即网上学习不比课堂学习容易。事实上,许多学生说它需要花更多的时间和力气。

Military training is required for every student.
每一位学生都要军训。

A large company usually requires the employment of many people.
大公司通常要雇用很多人。

The examination of statistics requires knowledge of mathematics.
数据分析需要数学知识。

Your performance in the exam did not reach the required standard — in other words, you failed.
你的考试成绩没有达到规定标准——换句话说,你不及格。

I was required to submit an essay to my teacher this May.
要求我在五月份交一篇文章给老师。

The nuclear industry was required to prove that every operational and safety aspect had been fully researched.
核工业被要求证实,所有操作及安全方面的事宜都已经彻底检查过了。

May I know the quantity you require? 请问你们需要多少数量的货物?

Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.
只要可能,在下午做那些程序化的工作,把需要更多能量的工作留到你效率最好的时候去做。

Even the doctoral degree, long recognized as a required “ union card” in the academic world, has come under severe criticism as the pursuit of learning for its own sake and the accumulation of knowledge without immediate application to a professor’s classroom duties.
即使是学术界被长时间认作必须“同盟卡”的博士学位,现在也因为仅仅为了学习本身和知识的累积而学习,却不把知识应用到教授的教学职责中去而受到了严厉的批评。

This patient requires intensive care.
该病人需要加强护理。

The machinery requires constant maintenance.
这些机器需要经常保养维修。

The wall requires a new coat of paint.
这墙需要再涂一层新油漆。

The floor requires washing.
这地板该洗了。

All passengers are required to show their tickets.
所有乘客都必须出示车票。

We should require a survey report, so that we may know the extent of the damage.
我们将要求出具检验报告,以便我们能了解损坏的程度。

Thank you for your inquiry. Please tell us the quantity you require so that we can work out the offers.
感谢贵方询价。请告诉我们贵方所需数量以便我方报价。

Would you please give us a rough idea of the quantity you require?
请告知你方大概要订多少?

I am pleased to say that we will be able to deliver the transport facilities you require.
很高兴告诉您你方要求的运输设备我方可以发货。

Different articles require different forms of packing.
不同商品需要不同的包装。

Great designs require great consideration.
宏伟的计划须要慎重考虑。

To preserve a friend three things are required: to honour him present, praise him absent, and assist him in his necessities.
维持友谊需要三点∶当面尊重他,背后赞扬他,需要时帮助他。

When society requires to be rebuilt, there is no use attempting to rebuild it on the old plan.
John Stuart Mill, BAritish economist
当社会需要重建时,试图墨守旧的蓝图重建它是徒劳无益的。
英国经济学家穆勒.J.S.

When society requires to be rebuilt, there is no use attempting to rebuild it on the old plan.
John Stuart Mill, BAritish economist
当社会需要重建时,试图墨守旧的蓝图重建它是徒劳无益的。
英国经济学家穆勒.J.S.

@@@ 必须
attendance required 要求参加, 必须参加
be a must 必须做的事
be bound to do sth. 一定会..., 必然...
bread and butter 生活必需品; 衣、食和住, 生计
have got to 必须, 不得不
if necessary 如果必要的话
indispensable for/to 对...绝对必要的
make a point of doing sth. 认为某事重要; 认为某事完全有必要; 一定要做某事
no doubt 无疑地, 必定
order of the day 某一时间内必须做或通常做的事
prerequisite for ...是必须的, ...是先决条件
see to it that... 一定注意到...; 务必
vital to 对...(的存在、成功或运作)极重要的, 必不可少的

@@@ 参加, 从事
attendance required 要求参加, 必须参加
carry on (with sth.) 1.继续
2.经营; 从事
drop out (of) 1.(从活动竞赛等中)退出, 停止参加
2.辍学, 退学
engage in 从事, 参加; 使从事于, 使忙于
enroll in 参加; 注册
enter into 1.进入; 参加; 成为...的一部分
2.载入史册
get in on 参加(活动), 加入
get involved 参与, 卷入; 感兴趣
go about 着手做; 从事
go in for 从事; 参加
involve in sth./doing sth. 包括, 包含; 参与
join in 参加, 加入
participate in 参加, 参与
share in sth. 分享, 分摊(某物); 参与
take part in sth. 参加..., 参与...
try out for (为获得球队或演出的一个角色职位等)参加选拔
take up 1.开始从事
2.提出
3.接纳, 吸收
well attended 参加的人多

@@@ 要求, 请求
ask for 要, 要求; 找
at one's request & at the request of 在...的要求之下, 应...的要求
attendance required 要求参加, 必须参加
be hard on 对...要求严厉
beg A for B 向A恳求得到B
by request 应邀, 应...的请求
call for 需要; 要求
call on/uponsb. to do sth. 邀请或要求某人做某事
change for 收费, 要价
excuse from 请求免除; 得到解脱
fall back on 依赖, 依靠; 求助于
fit the bill 符合要求, 适合要求
go after 追求; 争取
hunger for 渴望, 渴求
insist on/upon 坚持, 坚决要求
lay claim to 声称/要求...是自己的; 争...的所有权
make demands of/on 对...提出要求; 有求于...
meet demands (of) 满足要求
push for 急切要求; 力图得到
put forward 提出(要求、事实等)
satisfy one's needs & satisfy the need of 满足...要求

As I've said, we require payment by L/C.
我已经说过了,我们要求以信用证付款。

We always require L/C for our exports.
我们出口一向要求以信用证付款。

For payment we require 100% value, irrevocable L/C in our favour with partial shipment allowed clause available by draft at sight.
我们要求用不可撤消的、允许分批装运、金额为全部货款、并以我方为抬头人的信用证,凭即期汇票支付。

The order No. 105 is so urgently required that we have to ask you to speed up shipment.
第105号订单所订货物我们要急用,请你们加快装船速度。

Signed attested invoice combined with certificate of origin and value in 6 copies as required for imports into Nigeria.
以签署的,连同产地证明和货物价值的,输入尼日利亚的联合发票一式六份

Different articles require different packing.
不同商品需要不同的包装。

This is the minimum quantity we require.
这是我们所需要的最小数量。

Would you tell us your best prices C.I.F. Humburg for the chairs.
请告诉你方椅子到汉堡到岸价的最低价格。
Will you please tell the quantity you require so as to enable us to sort out the offers?
为了便于我方报价,可以告诉我们你们所要的数量吗?

Please get in touch with our agents for the supply of the goods you require.
你们所需的商品,请与我们的代理联系。

As our usual practice, insurance covers basic risks only, at 110 percent of the invoice value. If coverage against other risks is required, such as breakage, leakage, TPND, hook and contamination damages, the extra premium involved would be for the buyer's account.
按照我们的惯例,只保基本险,按发票金额110%投保。如果要加保其它险别,例如破碎险、渗漏险、盗窃遗失险、钩损和污染险等,额外保险费由买方负担。

必需的 necessary; required

必修 [bì xiū] /a required course/

必修课 [bì xiū kè] /a required course/

必要 [bì yào] /necessary/essential/indispensable/required/

加急 [jiā jí] /(v) require urgent measures to handle a matter/

势在必行 [shì zài bì xíng] /be imperative/be required by circumstances/

所需 [suǒ xū] /necessary (for)/required/

需 [xū] /to require/to need/to want/necessity/need/

需要 [xū yào] /to need/to want/to demand/needs/to require/

要求 [yāo qiú] /request/require/stake a claim (to something)/to ask/to demand/

要有 [yào yǒu] /need/require/

主科 [zhǔ kē] /required courses in the major subject/

The profession is taking steps to require young doctors to train in hospices, to test knowledge of aggressive pain management therapies, to develop a Medicare billing code for hospital-based care, and to develop new standards for assessing and treating pain at the end of life.
“医疗行业采取步骤,让年轻医生去晚期病人休养所培训,对各种大胆的镇痛疗法方面的知识进行评估,为医院护理制定一份符合美国医疗保障方案的付款条例,以及为评估和治疗临终痛苦制定新的标准。

I believe that the most important forces behind the massive M&A wave are the same that underlie the globalization process: falling transportation and communication costs, lower trade and investment barriers and enlarged markets that require enlarged operations capable of meeting customers' demands.
我认为,推动这股巨大的并购浪潮的最主要的力量,也是推动全球化进程的力量,包括日趋下降的运输与通讯费用,较低的贸易与投资壁垒,以及市场的扩大和为满足市场需求而进行的扩大生产。

This speeding up of life, says the Futurist, requires a new form of expression.
未来派诗人声称,这种加速的生活节奏需要一种新的表达形式。
We must speed up our literature too, if we want to interpret modern stress.
如果我们想诠释现代生活的压力,就必须加快文学发展的步伐。
We must pour out a large stream of essential words, unhampered by stops, or qualifying adjectives, of finite verbs.
我们必须大量使用基本词汇,摆脱句号,修饰性形容词及限定动词的羁绊。

While warnings are often appropriate and necessary — the dangers of drug interactions, for example — and many are required by state or federal regulations, it isn't clear that they actually protect the manufacturers and sellers from liability if a customer is injured.
虽然警示语常常是合理而必要的,如对药物副作用而产生的危险的警示语,并且很多是州或联邦法规所要求的,但是当消费者受伤,这些警示语能否真正保护制造商和销售商使之免于责任,这还很难说。

An education that aims at getting a student a certain kind of job is a technical education, justified for reasons radically different from why education is universally required by law.
旨在使学生胜任某种工作的教育是职业教育,它存在的理由与法律所规定的普及教育之间有很大差别。
It is not simply to raise everyone's job prospects that all children are legally required to attend school into their teens.
根据法律要求,所有儿童都必须就学至十几岁,其目的并非简单地增加他们的谋职能力。

Rather, we have a certain conception of the American citizen, a character who is incomplete if he cannot competently assess how his livelihood and happiness are affected by things outside of himself.
我们更应该具有的是作为美国公民的某种观念,即他必须准确判断自身的生活和幸福是如何受到外界影响的,否则他的公民特征就是不完整的。
But this was not always the case; before it was legally required for all children to attend school until a certain age, it was widely accepted that some were just not equipped by nature to pursue this kind of education.
但是情况并不总是如此;在法律要求所有儿童必须上学至一定年龄之前,人们普遍认为有些儿童天生就适合接受这种教育。

Dependence is marked first by an increased tolerance, with more and more of the substance required to produce the desired effect, and then by the appearance of unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the substance is discontinued.
依赖的最初表现是不断增长的耐药量,要产生预期的效果需要的药剂量越来越大,而一旦中断使用就会出现难受的停药症状。

Yet the BBC will have to change, because the broadcasting world around it is changing.
然而BBC将不得不进行变革,因为周围的广播世界正发生变化。
The commercial TV channels — ITV and Channel 4 — were required by the Thatcher Government's Broadcasting Act to become more commercial, competing with each other for advertisers, and cutting costs and jobs.
商业电视频道——ITV和第四频道——应撒切尔政府广播法案的要求进行商业化,彼此竞争广告业务,降低成本,裁减员工。
But it is the arrival of new satellite channels — funded partly by advertising and partly by viewers' subscriptions — which will bring about the biggest changes in the long term.
但从长远来看会引起最大变化的是新的卫星频道的出现,它们的部分资金来自广告收入,部分来自用户收视费。

Given this optimistic approach to technological innovation, the American worker took readily to that special kind of nonverbal thinking required in mechanical technology.
有了这种对技术革新的乐观态度,美国工人很快便习惯了机械技术需要的那种特别的非语言的思维方式。
As Eugene Ferguson has pointed out, "A technologist thinks about objects that cannot be reduced to unambiguous verbal descriptions; they are dealt with in his mind by a visual, nonverbal process... The designer and the inventor... are able to assemble and manipulate in their minds devices that as yet do not exist."
正如尤金·弗格森曾指出的:“技术人员思考那些不能被简化成功用明确的语言进行描述的物体;这些物体在他的头脑中以视觉性的、非语言性的方式被处理加工……设计者和发明者……能把那些尚不存在的机械在头脑中组装和操作。”

{adj: Solomonic} exhibiting or requiring the wisdom of Solomon in making difficult decisions

{adj: a posteriori} requiring evidence for validation or support

{adj: acid-loving} thriving in a relatively acidic environment (especially of plants requiring a pH well below 7)
<-> alkaline-loving

{adj: adequate to, capable, equal to, up to} having the requisite qualities for
"equal to the task"
"the work isn't up to the standard I require"

{adj: alkaline-loving} thriving in a relatively alkaline environment; (especially of plants requiring a pH above 7)
<-> acid-loving

{adj: ambitious, challenging} requiring full use of your abilities or resources
"ambitious schedule"
"performed the most challenging task without a mistake"

{adj: arcane} requiring secret or mysterious knowledge
"the arcane science of dowsing"

{adj: astonishing, astounding, staggering, stupefying} so surprisingly impressive as to stun or overwhelm
"such an enormous response was astonishing"
"an astounding achievement"
"the amount of money required was staggering"
"suffered a staggering defeat"
"the figure inside the boucle dress was stupefying"

{adj: asynchronous} (digital communication) pertaining to a transmission technique that does not require a common clock between the communicating devices; timing signals are derived from special characters in the data stream itself
<-> synchronous

{adj: canonic, canonical} of or relating to or required by canon law

{adj: chewy} (of a consistency) requiring chewing
"chewy caramels"

{adj: chewy} requiring much chewing

{adj: clear} free from confusion or doubt
"a complex problem requiring a clear head"
"not clear about what is expected of us"

{adj: closed} requiring union membership
"a closed shop"

{adj: collectible, collectable, payable} subject to or requiring payment especially as specified
"a collectible bill"
"a note payable on demand"
"a check payable to John Doe"

{adj: compulsory, mandatory, required} required by rule
"in most schools physical education is compulsory"
"attendance is mandatory"
"required reading"

{adj: de rigueur} required by etiquette or usage or fashion
"instruction as to when and where a silk hat is de rigueur"

{adj: delicate, ticklish, touchy} difficult to handle; requiring great tact
"delicate negotiations with the big powers";"hesitates to be explicit on so ticklish a matter"
"a touchy subject"

{adj: demanding} requiring more than usually expected or thought due; especially great patience and effort and skill
"found the job very demanding"
"a baby can be so demanding"
<-> undemanding

{adj: derelict, delinquent, neglectful, remiss} failing in what duty requires
"derelict (or delinquent) in his duty"
"neglectful of his duties"
"remiss of you not to pay your bills"

{adj: difficult, hard} not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure
"a difficult task"
"nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access"
"difficult times"
"a difficult child"
"found himself in a difficult situation"
"why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?"
<-> easy

{adj: difficult} requiring much effort and trouble
"the mountain climb was long, steep, and difficult"

{adj: dress, full-dress} (of an occasion) requiring formal clothes
"a dress dinner"
"a full-dress ceremony"

{adj: drip-dry, permanent-press} used of fabrics that do not require ironing
"drip-dry shirts for travel"

{adj: easy} posing no difficulty; requiring little effort
"an easy job"
"an easy problem"
"an easy victory"
"the house is easy to heat"
"satisfied with easy answers"
"took the easy way out of his dilemma"
<-> difficult

{adj: effortful} requiring great physical effort
<-> effortless

{adj: effortless} requiring or apparently requiring no effort
"the swallows glided in an effortless way through the busy air"
<-> effortful

{adj: emergent} occurring unexpectedly and requiring urgent action
"emergent repair of an aorta"

{adj: essential} absolutely required and not to be used up or sacrificed

{adj: excess, extra, redundant, spare, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary, surplus} more than is needed, desired, or required
"trying to lose excess weight"
"found some extra change lying on the dresser"
"yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"
"skills made redundant by technological advance"
"sleeping in the spare room"
"supernumerary ornamentation"
"it was supererogatory of her to gloat"
"delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"
"extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"
"surplus cheese distributed to the needy"

{adj: exigent, exacting} requiring precise accuracy
"an exacting job"
"became more exigent over his pronunciation"

{adj: farseeing, farsighted, foresighted, foresightful, prospicient, long, longsighted} planning prudently for the future
"large goals that required farsighted policies"
"took a long view of the geopolitical issues"

{adj: forthcoming} available when required or as promised
"federal funds were not forthcoming"

{adj: fourhanded} (of card games) involving or requiring four players

{adj: grave, grievous, heavy, weighty} of great gravity or crucial import; requiring serious thought
"grave responsibilities"
"faced a grave decision in a time of crisis"
"a grievous fault"
"heavy matters of state"
"the weighty matters to be discussed at the peace conference"

{adj: half-hardy} (of plants) requiring protection from frost
"half-hardy annuals"

{adj: hard-fought} requiring great effort
"a hard-fought primary"

{adj: heavy, labored, laboured} requiring or showing effort
"heavy breathing"
"the subject made for labored reading"

{adj: herculean} extremely difficult; requiring the strength of a Hercules
"a herculean task"

{adj: heterotrophic} requiring organic compounds of carbon and nitrogen for nourishment
"most animals are heterotrophic"
<-> autotrophic

{adj: hygrophytic} requiring an abundance of moisture
"some tropical ferns are hygrophytic"

{adj: imperative} requiring attention or action
"as nuclear weapons proliferate, preventing war becomes imperative"
"requests that grew more and more imperative"
<-> beseeching

{adj: intellectual, rational, noetic} of or associated with or requiring the use of the mind
"intellectual problems"
"the triumph of the rational over the animal side of man"

{adj: intransitive} designating a verb that does not require or cannot take a direct object
<-> transitive

{adj: keyless} lacking or not requiring a key
"a keyless lock operated by a series of pushbuttons"
<-> keyed

{adj: labor-intensive, labour-intensive} requiring a large expenditure of labor but not much capital
"cottage industries are labor intensive"

{adj: manual} doing or requiring physical work
"manual labor"
"manual laborer"

{adj: manual} requiring human effort
"a manual transmission"
<-> automatic

{adj: medical} requiring or amenable to treatment by medicine especially as opposed to surgery
"medical treatment"
"pneumonia is a medical disease"
<-> surgical

{adj: mindless} requiring little mental effort
"mindless tasks"

{adj: needed, needful, required, requisite} necessary for relief or supply
"provided them with all things needful"

{adj: nervy} showing or requiring courage and contempt of danger
"the nervy feats of mountaineers"

{adj: nice, skillful} done with delicacy and skill
"a nice bit of craft"
"a job requiring nice measurements with a micrometer"
"a nice shot"

{adj: nonmandatory, nonobligatory} not required by rule or law

{adj: notifiable} requiring that official notification be given
"a notifiable disease"

{adj: obligatory} required by obligation or compulsion or convention
"he made all the obligatory apologies"

{adj: open} not requiring union membership
"an open shop employs nonunion workers"

{adj: painless} requiring little hard work or exertion
"a painless solution to the problem"

{adj: prerequisite} required as a prior condition or course of study

{adj: reportable} (of income) required by law to be reported
"reportable income"
<-> unreportable

{adj: responsible} worthy of or requiring responsibility or trust; or held accountable
"a responsible adult"
"responsible journalism"
"a responsible position"
"the captain is responsible for the ship's safety"
"the cabinet is responsible to the parliament"
<-> irresponsible

{adj: sedentary} requiring sitting or little activity
"forced by illness to lead a sedentary life"

{adj: semiformal, semi-formal, black-tie} moderately formal; requiring a dinner jacket
"he wore semiformal attire"
"a black-tie dinner"

{adj: semiskilled} possessing or requiring limited skills
"semiskilled dockworkers"
"a semiskilled job"

{adj: serious} requiring effort or concentration; complex and not easy to answer or solve
"raised serious objections to the proposal"
"the plan has a serious flaw"

{adj: skilled} having or showing or requiring special skill
"only the most skilled gymnasts make an Olympic team"
"a skilled surgeon has many years of training and experience"
"a skilled reconstruction of her damaged elbow"
"a skilled trade"
<-> unskilled

{adj: stand-up} requiring a standing position
"a stand-up bar"
"a stand-up comic"

{adj: supposed} required or under orders
"I'm supposed to be there at ten"
"he was supposed to go to the store"

{adj: surgical, operative} relating to or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery especially as opposed to medicine
"a surgical appendix"
"a surgical procedure"
"operative dentistry"
<-> medical

{adj: synchronous} (digital communication) pertaining to a transmission technique that requires a common clock signal (a timing reference) between the communicating devices in order to coordinate their transmissions
<-> asynchronous

{adj: through} (of a route or journey etc.) continuing without requiring stops or changes
"a through street"
"a through bus"
"through traffic"

{adj: transitive} designating a verb that requires a direct object to complete the meaning
<-> intransitive

{adj: two-handed, bimanual} requiring two hands or designed for two people
"a two-handed sledgehammer"
"a two-handed crosscut saw"
"a machine designed for bimanual operation"

{adj: uncalled-for} not required or requested
"uncalled-for suggestions"

{adj: undemanding} not demanding; requiring little if any patience or effort or skill
"the pay was adequate and the job undemanding"
"simple undemanding affection"
"an undemanding boss"
<-> demanding

{adj: underdeveloped} (of a photograph) lacking in contrast because it was left in the developer for less than the required time

{adj: unfit} below the required standards for a purpose
"an unfit parent"
"unfit for human consumption"
<-> fit

{adj: unreportable} (of income) not reportable; not required by law to be reported
"very little income is unreportable"
<-> reportable

{adj: unskilled} not having or showing or requiring special skill or proficiency
"unskilled in the art of rhetoric"
"an enthusiastic but unskillful mountain climber"
"unskilled labor"
"workers in unskilled occupations are finding fewer and fewer job opportunities"
"unskilled workmanship"
<-> skilled

{adj: wash-and-wear, drip-dry} treated so as to be easily or quickly washed and dried and requiring little or no ironing
"a wash-and-wear shirt"

{adj: white-tie} requiring white ties and tailcoats for men
"a white-tie occasion"

{adv: as needed, as required, pro re nata, PRN} according to need (physicians use PRN in writing prescriptions)
"add water as needed"

{adv: on} in a state required for something to function or be effective
"turn the lights on"
"get a load on"

{adv: rotationally} in a rotational manner
"the required influence lines are found by subjecting the model to small displacements horizontally, vertically and rotationally"

{adv: unfeelingly} without compassionate feelings
"unfeelingly, she required her maid to work on Christmas Day"
<-> feelingly

{n: Bacon, Roger Bacon} English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)

{n: British thermal unit, BTU, B.Th.U.} a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit at one atmosphere pressure; equivalent to 251.997 calories

{n: Calorie, kilogram calorie, kilocalorie, large calorie, nutritionist's calorie} a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy-producing potential in food

{n: Fifth Amendment} an amendment to the Constitution of the United States that imposes restrictions on the government's prosecution of persons accused of crimes; mandates due process of law and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy; requires just compensation if private property is taken for public use

{n: Riot Act} a former English law requiring mobs to disperse after a magistrate reads the law to them

{n: Stamp Act} an act passed by the British parliament in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents; opposition by the colonies resulted in the repeal of the act in 1766

{n: ability, power} possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done
"danger heightened his powers of discrimination"
<-> inability

{n: acrobat} an athlete who performs acts requiring skill and agility and coordination

{n: active transport} transport of a substance (as a protein or drug) across a cell membrane against the concentration gradient; requires an expenditure of energy

{n: adagio} a slow section of a pas de deux requiring great skill and strength by the dancers

{n: aerobe} an organism (especially a bacterium) that requires air or free oxygen for life

{n: air} a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of
"air pollution"
"a smell of chemicals in the air"
"open a window and let in some air"
"I need some fresh air"

{n: anabolic steroid} any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones used to stimulate muscle and bone growth; more than 100 have been developed and each requires a prescription to be used legally in the United States; sometimes used illicitly by athletes to increase their strength

{n: anaerobe} an organism (especially a bacterium) that does not require air or free oxygen to live

{n: anticipatory breach, constructive breach} a breach of contract committed prior to the time of required performance

{n: application, coating, covering} the work of applying something
"the doctor prescribed a topical application of iodine"
"a complete bleach requires several applications"
"the surface was ready for a coating of paint";

{n: application, diligence} a diligent effort
"it is a job requiring serious application"

{n: art dealer} a dealer in works of art requiring esthetic evaluation

{n: attention} the faculty or power of mental concentration
"keeping track of all the details requires your complete attention"

{n: balanced diet} a diet that contains adequate amounts of all the necessary nutrients required for healthy growth and activity

{n: ball, formal} a lavish dance requiring formal attire


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