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reduce [ ri'dju:s] vt.减少,减小;简化

reduce [ri'dju:s] vt. 减少,缩减

reduce [ri'dju:s] 减少

大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all

国有股减持 reduce state's stake in listed companies

以产定人,减员增效 employ workers in accordance with production needs and increase efficiency while reducing the staff

增加信任,减少麻烦,发展合作,不搞对抗 enhance trust, reduce trouble, develop cooperation and avoid confrontation

reduce 减少,降低(成本等)

reduced price:减价,削价

reduced to clear:削价处理

Reduced Speed Now 减速行驶

Reduced rates for elderly.

try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all

reduce 减少,降低(成本等)

学生减负 to reduce study load

学生减负 to reduce study load

防范和化解金融风险 take precautions against and reduce financial risks

学生减负 to reduce study load

打折扣-让价 to reduce; to make a reduction

Circumstances in which Pension may be Suspended, Cancelled or Reduced

It is suggested that governments ought to make efforts to reduce the increasing gap between cities and countryside. They ought to set aside an appropriate fund for improvement of the standard of peasants' lives. They ought to invite some experts in agriculture to share their experiences, information and knowledge with peasants, which will contribute directly to the economic growth of rural areas.

At the same time, young people should be encouraged to communicate with their peers and develop their interpersonal skills, which may help them greatly to reduce dependence on their parents and are essential in the maintenance of healthy mental condition.

Increase capital and reduce debts through various channels 多渠道增资减债

Reduce staff to improve efficiency 减员增效

Reduce 减少

The tendency of modern science is to reduce proof to absurdity by continually reducing absurdity to proof.

The amount of the loan from the bank was progressively reduced.

The company was squeezed by the reduced sales.

Airline personnel can buy flight tickets at reduced prices.

a major project to reduce pollution in our river

People running for president often advocate reducing taxes.

an election pledge to reduce taxes

The amount of the loan from the bank was progressively reduced.

As well as helping the environment, energy conservation reduces your fuel bills.

reduce the country's $18 billion foreign debt

Wearing a seat belt saves lives; it reduces your chance of death or serious injury by more than half.

Later, people tried to lift a building off its foundation, and insert rubber and steel between the building and its foundation to reduce the impact of ground vibrations.

Finally, other people may give us instrumental support——financial aid, material resources, and needed services-that reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.

We talk about reducing our costs, but it's easier said than done.

His forceful arguments reduced his opponents to silence.

The police are advising motorists to reduce speed because of the fog.

The new government's prime task is to reduce the level of inflation.

Without practice, hopes will be reduced to zero.

Remember the various ways you can use the verb help / help, eg: It should help cut pollution / It should help cut pollution. The new metro should help reduce traffic / The new metro should help reduce traffic.
记住动词help / 帮助的不同用法, 例如: It should help cut pollution /这应该对减少污染有帮助。The new metro should help reduce traffic /新的地铁线路将有助于缓解交通拥挤的状况。

A I think the best way to reduce traffic and pollution is more public transport.
A 我认为最便捷的方式来减轻交通流量和污染是开发更多的公共交通工具。
B More buses and subways mean less cars.
B 更多公共汽车和地铁轨道就等于更少量的私家汽车。
A And less cars means less pollution and less traffic jams.
A 少量的汽车就等于减少污染和交通堵塞的状况。
B And more people cycling! Lots of good healthy exercise.
B 更多骑自行车的人!对身体健康很有益。

There will be new subways soon.
That will help the traffic.
New bus systems will also help.
Less cars will reduce pollution.

@@@ 处于...
at risk 处于危险中; 冒险
at ware 处于交战状态
be better off doing sth. 日子更好过, 处境更加佳
gain the upper hand 占上风, 处于有利地位
get (sb.) into hot water 使(某人)处于困境
in flux 处于不断变化之中; 动荡不定
in shape 1.在外形上
2.处于良好状态, 健康
in the spotlight 处于公众注意的中心
in trouble 处在不幸/苦恼/困境中
reduce to 变少; 使处于, 使成为(某种情况或状态)

@@@ 减
cut back on 削减, 缩减
cut corners 节省开支; 节省气力
cut down 1.砍倒(树木), 砍伐
2.减少...的量; 缩减
deduct from 从...中扣除; 从...中减去
die away (风、声音)逐渐消失; 减少或减弱
fade away 逐渐凋谢; (声音)慢慢减弱, 逐渐消失
let up 减小, 渐渐停止
lose weight 体重减轻; 减肥
reduce to 变少; 使处于, 使成为(某种情况或状态)
slow down 减速, 慢下来; 松弛

@@@ 改变, 转换
adaptation to 针对...的适应性的变化
bring over 把...带来; 使某人转变(思想或信仰)
change for the better 改进; 改善; 好转
change for the worse 恶化; 每况愈下
change hands 易手; 易主
change of pace 变换活动; 换口味
change one's mind 改变主意/想法
change sth. into 把...变成...
change the subject 转移话题
cheer (sb.) up 使高兴, 使情绪好转
clear up 1.(天气)变晴, 天空晴朗
2.说明, 澄清
convert sth. into sth. 转变, 变换
cool down/off 变凉爽; 使冷静
develop into 发展成为..., 演变成...
direct at/to sth./sb. 使...转向或对准某一方向; 指示, 命令...
emigrate (from) to (从...)移居到...
evolve from/out of 从...进化来; 从...发展来
evolve into 演化成
fix up 修理; 重新装饰或改装
for the better 好转, 向好的方向发展
get above oneself 变得自高自大
go bad 变坏; 腐败
improve on 对...做出改进
in flux 处于不断变化之中; 动荡不定
in other words 换句话说, 换言之
in place of 代替; 更换
leave much to be desired 不够好; 有待改善
make over 把(财产)转让; 改造
melt away (使某物)融化或溶解而消失; 逐渐消失
move about/around 走来走去; 动来动去; 不断迁移
move away 离开; 搬走
move into 搬入; 迁居
move out (of) 搬出
pass on 把...传给别人; 转移
range from A to B 在A和B之间变化或变动; 从A延伸到B
reduce to 变少; 使处于, 使成为(某种情况或状态)
remove sth. from 将某物从...移到...; 去掉; 免除(职务)
that is to say 那就是说, 换句话说
thaw out 1.(人的态度、行为等)变得随便; 变得温和
2.解冻, 变暖和
toss and turn 辗转反侧, 无法入眠
transfer to 转移到...; 调转到...; 转学到...
transform ... into ... 把...变成...
turn around 回转, 转向
turn into 使变成, 使成为
turn over 翻身; 翻转
vary from ... to ... 从...到...变动/变化
warm up 1.使...变热(暖和)
2.(体育锻炼之前, 音乐演奏之前的)热身

- play into someone's hand 正中某人下怀
Think it over. If we reduce the price, I'm sure we're playing into his hand.

- steal a march on someone 抢在他人前面,暗渡陈仓
We stole a march on our rivals by reducing 5% of our price and got back our market.

We can't accept your offer unless the price is reduced by 5%.

I'll respond to your counter-offer by reducing our price by three dollars.

If you can reduce the price by 2% and give us three months to raise money, we’d be willing to give you a 10% down payment. 

贬 demote; reduce

裁 judge; dismiss; reduce

裁减 cut down; reduce

贬 [biǎn] /to diminish/to demote/reduce or devaluate/disparage/censure/depreciate/

补泻 [bǔ xiè] /reinforcing and reducing methods (in acupuncture)/

裁 [cái] /cut out (as a dress)/cut/trim/reduce/diminish/decision/judgment/

裁减 [cái jiǎn] /to reduce/to lessen/to cut down/

减 [jiǎn] /to lower/to decrease/to reduce/to subtract/to diminish/

减低 [jiǎn dī] /(v) lower; reduce/

减免 [jiǎn miǎn] /to lower tax/to reduce duties/

减少 [jiǎn shǎo] /to lessen/to decrease/to reduce/to lower/

减刑 [jiǎn xíng] /reduce penalty/shortened or commuted (judicial) sentence/

减灾 [jiǎn zāi] /measures to reduce disasters/

降低 [jiàng dī] /to reduce/to lower/to bring down/

紧缩 [jǐn suō] /reduce/tighten/cut back (budget, etc)/

精简 [jīng jiǎn] /to simplify/to reduce/

精简开支 [jīng jiǎn kāi zhī] /to reduce spending/to cut spending/

缩 [suō] /to withdraw/to pull back/to contract/to shrink/to reduce/

缩减 [suō jiǎn] /to cut/to reduce/

缩小 [suō xiǎo] /reduce/decrease/

削 [xuē] /to reduce/to pare (away)/to cut (down)/

削减 [xuē jiǎn] /to cut down/to reduce/to lower/

Railroads justify rate discrimination against captive shippers on the grounds that in the long run it reduces everyone's cost.

Energy conservation, a shift to other fuels and a decline in the importance of heavy, energy-intensive industries have reduced oil consumption.

At the core of this debate is chairman Gerald Levin, 56, who took over for the late Steve Ross in 1992.
On the financial front, Levin is under pressure to raise the stock price and reduce the company's mountainous debt, which will increase to $ 17.3 billion after two new cable deals close.
He has promised to sell off some of the property and restructure the company, but investors are waiting impatiently.

Given this optimistic approach to technological innovation, the American worker took readily to that special kind of nonverbal thinking required in mechanical technology.
As Eugene Ferguson has pointed out, "A technologist thinks about objects that cannot be reduced to unambiguous verbal descriptions; they are dealt with in his mind by a visual, nonverbal process... The designer and the inventor... are able to assemble and manipulate in their minds devices that as yet do not exist."

If, on the other hand, producing more of a commodity results in reducing its cost, this will tend to increase the supply offered by seller-producers, which in turn will lower the price and permit more consumers to buy the product.

{adj: antiadrenergic} relating to blocking or reducing adrenergic effects in the body

{adj: antipollution} intended to reduce pollution
"antipollution laws"
"antipollution devices on automobile exhaust systems"

{adj: attenuate, attenuated, faded, weakened} reduced in strength
"the faded tones of an old recording"

{adj: attenuated} of an electrical signal; reduced in amplitude with little or no distortion

{adj: back-geared, double-geared} (of a lathe) equipped with gearing for reducing the speed of the spindle from that of the driving pulley
"a back-geared lathe"

{adj: basic, canonic, canonical} reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality
"a basic story line"
"a canonical syllable pattern"

{adj: blotted out, obliterate, obliterated} reduced to nothingness

{adj: clement} (used of persons or behavior) inclined to show mercy
"a more clement judge reduced the sentence"
<-> inclement

{adj: compressed} reduced in volume by pressure
"compressed air"

{adj: concentrated} of or relating to a solution whose dilution has been reduced

{adj: contracted} reduced in size or pulled together
"the contracted pupils of her eyes"
<-> expanded

{adj: crunched} reduced to small pieces
"crunched nuts"

{adj: cut, slashed} (used of rates or prices) reduced usually sharply
"the slashed prices attracted buyers"

{adj: decreased, reduced} made less in size or amount or degree
<-> increased

{adj: diluted, dilute} reduced in strength or concentration or quality or purity
"diluted alcohol"
"a dilute solution"
"dilute acetic acid"
<-> undiluted

{adj: dim-sighted, near-blind, purblind, sand-blind, visually impaired, visually challenged} having greatly reduced vision

{adj: dissolved} (of solid matter) reduced to a liquid form
"add the dissolved gelatin"

{adj: friable} easily broken into small fragments or reduced to powder
"friable sandstone"
"friable carcinomatous tissue"
"friable curds formed in the stomach"

{adj: homogenized, homogenised} formed by blending unlike elements especially by reducing one element to particles and dispersing them throughout another substance

{adj: infinitesimal, minute, microscopic} infinitely or immeasurably small
"two minute whiplike threads of protoplasm"
"reduced to a microscopic scale"

{adj: liquefied, liquified} reduced to a liquid state
"liquefied petroleum gas"

{adj: lubricated, greased} smeared with oil or grease to reduce friction
<-> unlubricated

{adj: minimized} reduced to the smallest possible size or amount or degree

{adj: molten, liquefied, liquified} reduced to liquid form by heating
"a mass of molten rock"

{adj: narrowed} having the opening reduced squeezed

{adj: narrowed} reduced in size as by squeezing together
"his narrowed eyes"

{adj: nonskid} designed to reduce or prevent skidding
"nonskid tires"

{adj: nonslip} designed to reduce or prevent slipping
"a nonslip surface"

{adj: reduced, rock-bottom} well below normal (especially in price)

{adj: reducible} capable of being reduced
"reducible to a set of principles of human nature"- Edmund Wilson
<-> irreducible

{adj: scalelike} reduced to a small appressed thing that resembles a scale
"scalelike leaves"

{adj: shriveled, shrivelled, shrunken} reduced in efficacy or vitality or intensity
"our shriveled receipts during the storm"
"as the project wore on she found her enthusiasm shriveled"
"the dollar's shrunken buying power"

{adj: shrunk, shrunken} reduced in size by being drawn together
"the shrunken dress was entirely too tight to wear"

{adj: silenced} reduced to silence
"the silenced crowd waited expectantly"
<-> unsilenced

{adj: subjugated} reduced to submission
"subjugated peoples"

{adj: syncretic, syncretical, syncretistic, syncretistical} relating to a historical tendency for a language to reduce its use of inflections
"modern English is a syncretic language"

{adj: systematized, systematised} reduced to a system
"systematized knowledge"

{adj: trial-and-error} trying out various means or theories until error is satisfactorily reduced or eliminated
"he argued that all learning is a trial-and-error process that resembles biological evolution"

{adj: unshrinkable} incapable of being shrunk or diminished or reduced
<-> shrinkable

{adv: proportionately} in proportion
"the height of this wall must be reduced proportionately to give the room pleasant dimensions"
<-> disproportionately

{n: Agrobacterium, genus Agrobacterium} small motile bacterial rods that can reduce nitrates and cause galls on plant stems

{n: Anguilliformes, order Anguilliformes, order Apodes} elongate fishes with pelvic fins and girdle absent or reduced

{n: Babbitt metal, babbitt} an alloy of tin with some copper and antimony; a lining for bearings that reduces friction

{n: Brachyura, suborder Brachyura} an order of crustaceans (including true crabs) having a reduced abdomen folded against the ventral surface

{n: Brandt, Willy Brandt} German statesman who as chancellor of West Germany worked to reduce tensions with eastern Europe (1913-1992)

{n: Bureau of Justice Assistance, BJA} the bureau in the Department of Justice that assists local criminal justice systems to reduce or prevent crime and violence and drug abuse

{n: Cox-2 inhibitor} an anti-inflammatory drug that blocks Cox-2 activity without impeding the activity of Cox-1
"Cox-2 inhibitors reduce the symptoms of arthritis without endangering the stomach and kidneys"

{n: Cycadales, order Cycadales} primitive tropical gymnosperms abundant in the Mesozoic, now reduced to a few scattered tropical forms

{n: Dolby, Ray M. Dolby} United States electrical engineer who devised the Dolby system used to reduce background noise in tape recording

{n: Eleocharis, genus Eleocharis} sedges having dense spikes of flowers and leaves reduced to basal sheaths

{n: Environmental Protection Agency, EPA} an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment

{n: European Union, EU, European Community, EC, European Economic Community, EEC, Common Market, Europe} an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
"he took Britain into Europe"

{n: Klinefelter's syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome, XXY-syndrome} syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male

{n: Maksutov telescope} reflecting telescope in which the aberration of the concave mirror is reduced by a meniscus lens

{n: Yosemite, Yosemite Falls} a series of waterfalls in Yosemite National Park in California; is reduced to a trickle for part of each year

{n: ablation} the erosive process that reduces the size of glaciers

{n: activation energy, energy of activation} the energy that an atomic system must acquire before a process (such as an emission or reaction) can occur
"catalysts are said to reduce the energy of activation during the transition phase of a reaction"

{n: adiposity, adiposeness, fattiness} having the property of containing fat
"he recommended exercise to reduce my adiposity"

{n: admixture, alloy} the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something

{n: air pollution} pollution of the atmosphere
"air pollution reduced the visibility"

{n: airbrake, dive brake} a small parachute or articulated flap to reduce the speed of an aircraft

{n: angina pectoris, angina} a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart

{n: anti-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory drug} a medicine intended to reduce inflammation

{n: antiflatulent} any agent that reduces intestinal gas

{n: antihypertensive, antihypertensive drug} a drug that reduces high blood pressure

{n: antiknock} any of various compounds that are added to gasoline to reduce engine knocking

{n: antiperspirant} an astringent substance applied to the skin to reduce perspiration

{n: arginine} a bitter tasting amino acid found in proteins and necessary for nutrition; its absence from the diet leads to a reduced production of spermatozoa

{n: atomism} (psychology) a theory that reduces all mental phenomena to simple elements (sensations and feelings) that form complex ideas by association

{n: atomization, atomisation} annihilation by reducing something to atoms

{n: atorvastatin, Lipitor} an oral drug (trade name Lipitor) that is effective in lowering triglycerides; potent in reducing LDL cholesterol because higher doses can be given

{n: attenuation} the property of something that has been weakened or reduced in thickness or density

{n: back burner} reduced priority
"dozens of cases were put on the back burner"
<-> front burner

{n: bank, cant, camber} a slope in the turn of a road or track; the outside is higher than the inside in order to reduce the effects of centrifugal force

{n: beggary, mendicancy, mendicity} the state of being a beggar or mendicant
"they were reduced to mendicancy"

{n: bilge keel} either of two lengthwise fins attached along the outside of a ship's bilge; reduces rolling

{n: blennioid fish, blennioid} elongated mostly scaleless marine fishes with large pectoral fins and reduced pelvic fins

{n: block grant} a grant of federal money to state and local governments to support social welfare programs
"block grants reduce federal responsibility for social welfare"

{n: bloodletting} formerly used as a treatment to reduce excess blood (one of the four humors of medieval medicine)

{n: bookclub} a club that people join in order to buy selected books at reduced prices

{n: bourguignon, bourguignon sauce, Burgundy sauce} reduced red wine with onions and parsley and thyme and butter

{n: budget cut} the act of reducing budgeted expenditures

{n: buffer, fender} a cushion-like device that reduces shock due to contact

{n: bushing, cylindrical lining} a cylindrical metal lining used to reduce friction

{n: calcium hydride, hydrolith} a saltlike binary compound (CaH2) used as a reducing agent and source of hydrogen

{n: carvedilol} beta blocker that can reduce the progression of heart failure in individuals whose disease is not advanced

{n: cataphyll} a reduced or scarcely developed leaf at the start of a plant's life (i.e., cotyledons) or in the early stages of leaf development

{n: cerivastatin, Baycol} an oral drug (trade name Baycol) to reduce blood cholesterol levels

{n: chicane} a movable barrier used in motor racing; sometimes place before a dangerous corner to reduce speed as cars pass in single file

{n: clearance sale, inventory-clearance sale} a sale to reduce inventory

{n: clofibrate, Atromid-S} a drug (trade name Atromid-S) that reduces lipids in the blood serum; used to treat some cardiovascular diseases

{n: colobus, colobus monkey} arboreal monkey of western and central Africa with long silky fur and reduced thumbs

{n: commutation ticket, season ticket} a ticket good for several trips or to attend a season of entertainments; sold at a reduced rate

{n: compensating balance, offsetting balance} a minimum credit balance that a bank may require a borrower to keep on deposit as a condition for granting a loan; a common requirement for establishing a line of credit at a bank
"the compensating balance increases the effective interest rate to the bank since the net amount loaned is reduced but the interest paid is unchanged"

{n: complex instruction set computing, complex instruction set computer, CISC} (computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a large number of instructions hard coded into the CPU chip
<-> RISC, reduced instruction set computer, reduced instruction set computing

{n: compression} encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required
<-> decompression

{n: compress} a cloth pad or dressing (with or without medication) applied firmly to some part of the body (to relieve discomfort or reduce fever)

{n: concentrate} a concentrated form of a foodstuff; the bulk is reduced by removing water

{n: conscience money} payment made voluntarily to reduce guilt over dishonest dealings

{n: constriction, bottleneck, chokepoint} a narrowing that reduces the flow through a channel

{n: corticosteroid, corticoid, adrenal cortical steroid} a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response
"adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"

{n: counterirritant} a medicine applied locally to produce superficial inflammation in order to reduce deeper inflammation

{n: crash barrier} a strong protective barrier that is erected around a racetrack or in the middle of a dual-lane highway in order to reduce the likelihood of severe accidents

{n: crematory, crematorium, cremation chamber} a furnace where a corpse can be burned and reduced to ashes

{n: cut} the act of reducing the amount or number
"the mayor proposed extensive cuts in the city budget"

{n: day return} a return ticket (at reduced fare) for traveling both ways in the same day

{n: decrease, diminution, reduction, step-down} the act of decreasing or reducing something
<-> increase

{n: defense mechanism, defense reaction, defence mechanism, defence reaction, defense, defence} (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires

{n: demand} the ability and desire to purchase goods and services
"the automobile reduced the demand for buggywhips"
"the demand exceeded the supply"
<-> supply

{n: depopulation} the condition of having reduced numbers of inhabitants (or no inhabitants at all)

{n: depressor, depressor nerve} any nerve whose activity tends to reduce the activity or tone of the body part it serves

{n: desensitization, desensitisation} the process of reducing sensitivity
"the patient was desensitized to the allergen"

{n: deterioration, impairment} a symptom of reduced quality or strength

{n: devitalization, devitalisation} the act of reducing the vitality of something

{n: dilution} weakening (reducing the concentration) by the addition of water or a thinner
<-> concentration

{n: dimness, subduedness} the property of lights or sounds that lack brilliance or are reduced in intensity

{n: dipterous insect, two-winged insects, dipteran, dipteron} insects having usually a single pair of functional wings (anterior pair) with the posterior pair reduced to small knobbed structures and mouth parts adapted for sucking or lapping or piercing

{n: disarming, disarmament} act of reducing or depriving of arms
"the disarmament of the aggressor nations must be complete"
<-> armament, arming

{n: discount, price reduction, deduction} the act of reducing the selling price of merchandise

{n: double blind} a test procedure in which the identity of those receiving the intervention is concealed from both the administrators and the subjects until after the test is completed; designed to reduce or eliminate bias in the results

{n: double glazing} a window with two panes of glass and a space between them; reduces heat and noise transmission through the window

{n: drape} a sterile covering arranged over a patient's body during a medical examination or during surgery in order to reduce the possibility of contamination

{n: dutch auction} a method of selling in which the price is reduced until a buyer is found

{n: dynamic balance} (aeronautics) the state of equilibrium in which centrifugal forces due to a rotating mass (e.g., a propeller) do not produce force in the shaft and so vibration is reduced

{n: earless seal, true seal, hair seal} any of several seals lacking external ear flaps and having a stiff hairlike coat with hind limbs reduced to swimming flippers

{n: easing, easement, alleviation, relief} the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance)
"he asked the nurse for relief from the constant pain"

{n: electromotive series, electromotive force series, electrochemical series} a serial arrangement of metallic elements or ions according to their electrode potentials determined under specified conditions; the order shows the tendency of one metal to reduce the ions of any other metal below it in the series

{n: electronic countermeasures, ECM} electronic warfare undertaken to prevent or reduce an enemy's effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum

{n: electronic warfare, EW} military action involving the use of electromagnetic energy to determine or exploit or reduce or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum

{n: ephedra, joint fir} jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds

{n: equalizer, equaliser} electronic equipment that reduces frequency distortion

{n: evisceration} altering something (as a legislative act or a statement) in such a manner as to reduce its value
"the adoption of their amendments would have amounted to an evisceration of the act"

{n: excursion rate} a reduced rate for a round-trip ticket

{n: factor analysis} any of several methods for reducing correlational data to a smaller number of dimensions or factors; beginning with a correlation matrix a small number of components or factors are extracted that are regarded as the basic variable that account for the interrelations observed in the data

{n: fad diet} a reducing diet that enjoys temporary popularity

{n: fluidity, fluidness, liquidity, liquidness, runniness} the property of flowing easily
"adding lead makes the alloy easier to cast because the melting point is reduced and the fluidity is increased"
"they believe that fluidity increases as the water gets warmer"

{n: fog, fogginess, murk, murkiness} an atmosphere in which visibility is reduced because of a cloud of some substance

{n: golf ball} a small hard ball used in playing golf; dimpled to reduce wind resistance

{n: government, authorities, regime} the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
"the government reduced taxes"
"the matter was referred to higher authorities"

{n: group insurance} insurance that is purchased by a group (such as the employees of a company) usually at a reduced rate to individual members of the group

{n: guanabenz, Wytensin} antihypertensive drug (trade name Wytensin) that reduces blood pressure by its effect on the central nervous system

{n: gyrostabilizer, gyrostabiliser} a stabilizer consisting of a heavy gyroscope that spins on a vertical axis; reduces side-to-side rolling of a ship or plane

{n: half-pay} reduced wage paid to someone who is not working full time

{n: happy hour} the time of day when a bar sells alcoholic drinks at a reduced price

{n: haze} atmospheric moisture or dust or smoke that causes reduced visibility

{n: hedge, hedging} any technique designed to reduce or eliminate financial risk; for example, taking two positions that will offset each other if prices change

{n: hydrazine} a colorless fuming corrosive liquid; a powerful reducing agent; used chiefly in rocket fuels

{n: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy} a disorder in which the heart muscle is so strong that it does not relax enough to fill with the heart with blood and so has reduced pumping ability

{n: ice pack, ice bag} a waterproof bag filled with ice: applied to the body (especially the head) to cool or reduce swelling

{n: immunodeficiency} immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
<-> immunocompetence

{n: incineration} the act of burning something completely; reducing it to ashes

{n: indexation} a system of economic regulation: wages and interest are tied to the cost-of-living index in order to reduce the effects of inflation

{n: insulating material, insulant, insulation} a material that reduces or prevents the transmission of heat or sound or electricity

{n: insulation} the act of protecting something by surrounding it with material that reduces or prevents the transmission of sound or heat or electricity

{n: irregular, second} merchandise that has imperfections; usually sold at a reduced price without the brand name

{n: item} a whole individual unit; especially when included in a list or collection
"they reduced the price on many items"

{n: lactifuge} any agent that reduces milk secretion (as given to a woman who is not breast feeding)

{n: latent hostility, tension} feelings of hostility that are not manifest
"he could sense her latent hostility to him"
"the diplomats' first concern was to reduce international tensions"

{n: lead time} the time interval between the initiation and the completion of a production process
"the lead times for many publications can vary tremendously"
"planning is a area where lead time can be reduced"

{n: leaded gasoline} gasoline treated with a lead compound to reduce motor knocks
"combustion of leaded gasoline released lead into the air where it could cause lead poisoning"
<-> unleaded gasoline

{n: leflunomide, Arava} an anti-TNF compound (trade name Arava) that is given orally; can slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis by slowing the proliferation of white blood cells which reduces inflammation in the synovium

{n: light beer} lager with reduced alcohol content

{n: light filter, diffusing screen} a transparent filter that reduces the light (or some wavelengths of the light) passing through it

{n: limekiln} a kiln used to reduce naturally occuring forms of calcium carbonate to lime

{n: lovastatin, Mevacor} an oral drug (trade name Mevacor) to reduce blood cholesterol levels; used when dietary changes have proved inadequate

{n: lubricant, lubricator, lubricating substance, lube} a substance capable of reducing friction by making surfaces smooth or slippery

{n: measure, step} any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal
"the situation called for strong measures"
"the police took steps to reduce crime"

{n: meno mosso} played at reduced speed; less rapid

{n: microdot} photograph reduced to the size of a dot (usually for purposes of security)

{n: microfilm} film on which materials are photographed at greatly reduced size; useful for storage; a magnification system is used to read the material

{n: midazolam, Versed} an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures

{n: miniature, toy} copy that reproduces something in greatly reduced size

{n: miniaturization, miniaturisation} act of making on a greatly reduced scale

{n: minimization, minimisation} the act of reducing something to the least possible amount or degree or position
<-> maximization

{n: minor tranquilizer, minor tranquillizer, minor tranquilliser, antianxiety drug, anxiolytic, anxiolytic drug} a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability

{n: mitigating circumstance} (law) a circumstance that does not exonerate a person but which reduces the penalty associated with the offense

{n: morphallaxis} regeneration on a reduced scale of a body part; observed especially in invertebrates such as certain lobsters

{n: mulch} a protective covering of rotting vegetable matter spread to reduce evaporation and soil erosion

{n: muscle relaxant} a drug that reduces muscle contractility by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses or by decreasing the excitability of the motor end plate or by other actions

{n: narcotic} a drug that produces numbness or stupor; often taken for pleasure or to reduce pain; extensive use can lead to addiction

{n: nephrocalcinosis} renal lithiasis in which calcium deposits form in the renal parenchyma and result in reduced kidney function and blood in the urine

{n: nephrosclerosis, nephroangiosclerosis} kidney disease that is usually associated with hypertension; sclerosis of the renal arterioles reduces blood flow that can lead to kidney failure and heart failure

{n: net sales} gross sales reduced by customer discounts, returns, freight out, and allowances

{n: night vision, night-sight, scotopic vision, twilight vision} the ability to see in reduced illumination (as in moonlight)

{n: no fault insurance, no fault automobile insurance} a system of automobile insurance where a party who is injured in an automobile accident recovers damages up to a specific amount against his own insurance company regardless of who was responsible for the accident
"the amount of litigation resulting from minor accidents is reduced by no fault insurance"

{n: nothing, nil, nix, nada, null, aught, cipher, cypher, goose egg, naught, zero, zilch, zip, zippo} a quantity of no importance
"it looked like nothing I had ever seen before"
"reduced to nil all the work we had done"
"we racked up a pathetic goose egg"
"it was all for naught"
"I didn't hear zilch about it"

{n: nymphalid, nymphalid butterfly, brush-footed butterfly, four-footed butterfly} medium to large butterflies found worldwide typically having brightly colored wings and much-reduced nonfunctional forelegs carried folded on the breast

{n: ocean sunfish, sunfish, mola, headfish} among the largest bony fish; pelagic fish having an oval compressed body with high dorsal and anal fins and caudal fin reduced to a rudder-like lobe; worldwide in warm waters

{n: opacity, opaqueness} the quality of being opaque to a degree; the degree to which something reduces the passage of light
<-> clarity

{n: oxidation-reduction indicator} an indicator that shows a reversible color change between oxidized and reduced forms

{n: pay cut, salary cut} the act of reducing a salary

{n: piquet} a card game for two players using a reduced pack of 32 cards

{n: pravastatin, Pravachol} an oral drug (trade name Pravachol) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after nonfatal heart attacks

{n: presbyopia} farsightedness resulting from a reduced ability to focus caused by loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens with age

{n: probenecid} a uricosuric drug that reduces the level of uric acid in the blood; used to treat gout

{n: procyclidine, Kemadrin} drug (trade name Kemadrin) used to reduce tremors in Parkinsonism

{n: rate of depreciation, depreciation rate} the rate at which the value of property is reduced; used to calculate tax deduction

{n: reduced instruction set computing, reduced instruction set computer, RISC} (computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a relatively small set of computer instructions that it can perform
<-> CISC, complex instruction set computer, complex instruction set computing

{n: reducing agent, reducer, reductant} a substance capable of bringing about the reduction of another substance as it itself is oxidized; used in photography to lessen the density of a negative or print by oxidizing some of the slackened silver

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