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radiate [ 'reidieit] v.发光,放热

radiate ['reidieit] 辐射

ERP Effective Radiated Power 有效辐射功率

Although these molecules allow radiation at visible at wave lengths, where most of the energy of sunlight is concentrated, to pass through, they absorb some of the longer-wavelength, infrared emission radiated from the Earth,s surface, radiation that would otherwise be transmitted back into space.

radiate v.放射;辐射

放射 [fàng shè] /to radiate/radioactive/

幅射 [fú shè] /radiation/radiate/

辐射波 [fú shè bō] /radiation (wave)/radiated wave/

{adj: abactinal} (of radiate animals) located on the surface or end opposite to that on which the mouth is situated
<-> actinal

{adj: actinal} (of radiate organisms) located on the surface or end on which the mouth is situated
<-> abactinal

{adj: beaming, beamy, effulgent, radiant, refulgent} radiating or as if radiating light
"the beaming sun"
"the effulgent daffodils"
"a radiant sunrise"
"a refulgent sunset"

{adj: palmate, palm-shaped} of a leaf shape; having leaflets or lobes radiating from a common point

{adj: palmately-lobed} having lobes radiating from a central point

{adj: pedate} of a leaf shape; having radiating lobes, each deeply cleft or divided

{adj: radial, stellate} arranged like rays or radii; radiating from a common center
"radial symmetry"
"a starlike or stellate arrangement of petals"
"many cities show a radial pattern of main highways"

{adj: radially symmetrical, centrosymmetric} having a symmetrical arrangement of radiating parts about a central point

{adj: radiating} diverging from a common point

{n: Disciotis venosa, cup morel} an edible morel with a cup-shaped or saucer-shaped fruiting body can be up to 20 cm wide; the fertile surface inside the cup has wrinkles radiating from the center; can be easily confused with inedible mushrooms

{n: Planck's law} (physics) the basis of quantum theory; the energy of electromagnetic waves is contained in indivisible quanta that have to be radiated or absorbed as a whole; the magnitude is proportional to frequency where the constant of proportionality is give by Planck's constant

{n: Planck's radiation law} (physics) an equation that expresses the distribution of energy in the radiated spectrum of an ideal black body

{n: Texas star, Lindheimera texana} Texas annual with coarsely pinnatifid leaves; cultivated for its showy radiate yellow flower heads

{n: Zeeman, Pieter Zeeman} Dutch physicist honored for his research on the influence of magnetism on radiation which showed that light is radiated by the motion of charged particles in an atom (1865-1943)

{n: absorption} (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium
"the absorption of photons by atoms or molecules"

{n: actinopod} protozoa having stiff rodlike radiating pseudopods

{n: basket star, basket fish} any starfish-like animal of the genera Euryale or Astrophyton or Gorgonocephalus having slender complexly branched interlacing arms radiating from a central disc

{n: bastard feverfew, Parthenium hysterophorus} tropical American annual weed with small radiate heads of white flowers; adventive in southern United States

{n: black-body radiation, blackbody radiation} the electromagnetic radiation that would be radiated from an ideal black body; the distribution of energy in the radiated spectrum of a black body depends only on temperature and is determined by Planck's radiation law

{n: brittle star, brittle-star, serpent star} an animal resembling a starfish with fragile whiplike arms radiating from a small central disc

{n: candle, candela, cd, standard candle} the basic unit of luminous intensity adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; equal to 1/60 of the luminous intensity per square centimeter of a black body radiating at the temperature of 2,046 degrees Kelvin

{n: cockle} common edible European bivalve mollusk having a rounded shell with radiating ribs

{n: cosmos, cosmea} any of various mostly Mexican herbs of the genus Cosmos having radiate heads of variously colored flowers and pinnate leaves; popular fall-blooming annuals

{n: crinoid} primitive echinoderms having five or more feathery arms radiating from a central disk

{n: dreadlock} one of many long thin braids of hair radiating from the scalp; popularized by Rastafarians

{n: electronic warfare-support measures, ESM} electronic warfare undertaken under direct control of an operational commander to locate sources of radiated electromagnetic energy for the purpose of immediate threat recognition

{n: emanation} something that is emitted or radiated (as a gas or an odor or a light etc.)

{n: field, field of force, force field} the space around a radiating body within which its electromagnetic oscillations can exert force on another similar body not in contact with it

{n: gill, lamella} any of the radiating leaflike spore-producing structures on the underside of the cap of a mushroom or similar fungus

{n: greenhouse effect, greenhouse warming} warming that results when solar radiation is trapped by the atmosphere; caused by atmospheric gases that allow sunshine to pass through but absorb heat that is radiated back from the warmed surface of the earth

{n: heat sink} a metal conductor specially designed to conduct (and radiate) heat

{n: heliozoan} protozoa with spherical bodies and stiff radiating pseudopods

{n: latent heat, heat of transformation} heat absorbed or radiated during a change of phase at a constant temperature and pressure

{n: lumen, lm} a unit of luminous flux equal to the amount of light given out through a solid angle of 1 steradian by a point source of 1 candela intensity radiating uniformly in all directions

{n: palmate leaf} a leaf resembling an open hand; having lobes radiating from a common point

{n: pedate leaf} a leaf having the radiating lobes each deeply cleft or divided

{n: prickle cell} a cell in the germinal layer of the skin (the prickle-cell layer); has many spines and radiating processes

{n: quantum field theory} the branch of quantum physics that is concerned with the theory of fields; it was motivated by the question of how an atom radiates light as its electrons jump from excited states

{n: radiation} energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles

{n: radiator} any object that radiates energy

{n: radio source} an object that radiates radio waves

{n: radiolarian} protozoa with amoeba-like bodies and radiating filamentous pseudopods

{n: renal colic} sharp pain in the lower back that radiates into the groin; associated with the passage of a renal calculus through the ureter

{n: sea lily} crinoid with delicate radiating arms and a stalked body attached to a hard surface

{n: spider angioma, spider nevus, vascular spider} a dilation of superficial capillaries with a central red dot from which blood vessels radiate

{n: spindle} (biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division; the fibers radiate from two poles and meet at the equator in the middle
"chromosomes are distributed by spindles in mitosis and meiosis"

{n: star} (astronomy) a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energy derived from thermonuclear reactions in the interior

{n: tetraskelion, tetraskele} a figure consisting of four stylized human arms or legs (or bent lines) radiating from a center

{n: triskelion, triskele} a figure consisting of three stylized human arms or legs (or three bent lines) radiating from a center

{n: umbrella tent} a small tent with a single supporting pole and radiating metal ribs

{v: diversify, radiate} spread into new habitats and produce variety or variegate
"The plants on this island diversified"

{v: glow, beam, radiate, shine} especially of the complexion: show a strong bright color, such as red or pink
"Her face glowed when she came out of the sauna"

{v: glow, beam, radiate, shine} experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotion
"She was beaming with joy"
"Her face radiated with happiness"

{v: radiate, ray} extend or spread outward from a center or focus or inward towards a center
"spokes radiate from the hub of the wheel"
"This plants radiates spines in all directions"

{v: radiate} cause to be seen by emitting light as if in rays
"The sun is radiating"

{v: radiate} issue or emerge in rays or waves
"Heat radiated from the metal box"

{v: radiate} send out rays or waves
"The sun radiates heat"

{v: radiate} send out real or metaphoric rays
"She radiates happiness"

Since sunlight is always falling on the earth, the laws of physics decree that the planet has to radiate the same amount of energy back into space to keep the books balanced.

Indeed, the energy radiated by the stars is produced by nuclear reactions.

Although these molecules allow radiation at visible wavelengths, where most of the energy of sunlight is concentrated, to pass through, they absorb some of the longer-wavelength, infrared emissions radiated from the Earth's surface, radiation that would otherwise be transmitted back into space.
虽然这些分子允许可见波长(visible wavelength)的辐射——阳光的绝大部分能量就汇集于此——不受阻挡地穿透,但它们却会吸收某些较长波长(longer-wavelength),亦即从地球表面辐射出的红外发射(infrared cmission),这种辐射若不是二氧化碳的缘故就会被重新输送回太空。

Below this altitude (called the radiating level), the temperature increases by about 6°C per kilometer approaching the Earth's surface, where the average temperature is about 15°C.

As the capacity of the atmosphere to absorb infrared radiation increases, the radiating level and the temperature of the surface must rise.

Therefore, more infrared radiation would be absorbed and radiated back to the Earth's surface.

Our visual perception depends on the reception of energy reflecting or radiating from that which we wish to perceive.
我们的视觉感知(visual perception)取决于我们能否接收到从我们所希望感知的物体所折射或辐射出来的能量。

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