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physician [ fi'ziʃən] n.医生,内科医生

physician [fi'ziʃən] n.医师,内科医师

Standard on Medical Requirements for Fire Fighters and Information for Fire Department Physicians

He prefers to be a surgeon rather than a physician.

A survey conducted by a group of physicians indicates that pregnant women should pay more attention to their amount of iron reserves.

An old physician, and a young lawyer.

Exercise, temperance, fresh air, and needful rest are the best of all physicians.

Feed by measure and defy physician.

Hide nothing from thy physician.

Nature, time, and patience are the three great physicians.

Physicians of all men are most happy; most good success so ever they have, the world proclaimth,
and what faults they commit, the earth coverth.
Francis Quarles, British poet

Unhappiness is best defined as the difference between our talents the difference between our talents and our expectations.
Edward de Bono.British physician

All things are artificial , for nature is the art of God.
Sir Thomas Brown, British physician

Men have lost their reason in nothig so much as their religion, wherein stones and clouts make martyrs.
Sir Thomas Brown, British Physician

Let us suggest to the person in crisis that he cease concentrating so upon the dangers involved and the difficulties ,and concentrate instead upon the opptunity---for there is always opportunity in crisis.
Seebohm Caroline, British physician

The more you fight something, the more anxious you become ---the more you're involved in a bad pattern, the more difficult it is to escape.
Seebohm Caroline, British Physician

Physicians — frustrated by their inability to cure the disease and fearing loss of hope in the patient — too often offer aggressive treatment far beyond what is scientifically justified.

As a physician, I know the most costly and dramatic measures may be ineffective and painful.

And thanks to the continual miniaturization of electronics and micro-mechanics, there are already robot systems that can perform some kinds of brain and bone surgery with submillimeter accuracy — far greater precision than highly skilled physicians can achieve with their hands alone.

The Supreme Court's decisions on physician-assisted suicide carry important implications for how medicine seeks to relieve dying patients of pain and suffering.

Although it ruled that there is no constitutional right to physician-assisted suicide, the Court in effect supported the medical principle of "double effect, "a centuries-old moral principle holding that an action having two effects — a good one that is intended and a harmful one that is foreseen — is permissible if the actor intends only the good effect.

George Annas, chair of the health law department at Boston University, maintains that, as long as a doctor prescribes a drug for a legitimate medical purpose, the doctor has done nothing illegal even if the patient uses the drug to hasten death.
"It's like surgery," he says. "We don't call those deaths homicides because the doctors didn't intend to kill their patients, although they risked their death. If you're a physician, you can risk your patient's suicide as long as you don't intend their suicide."

Just three weeks before the Court's ruling on physician-assisted suicide, the National Academy of Science (NAS) released a two-volume report, Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life.
It identifies the undertreatment of pain and the aggressive use of "ineffectual and forced medical procedures that may prolong and even dishonor the period of dying" as the twin problems of end-of-life care.

Annas says lawyers can play a key role in insisting that these well-meaning medical initiatives translate into better care.
"Large numbers of physicians seem unconcerned with the pain their patients are needlessly and predictably suffering," to the extent that it constitutes "systematic patient abuse."
He says medical licensing boards "must make it clear... that painful deaths are presumptively ones that are incompetently managed and should result in license suspension."

The full import may take a while to sink in.
The NT Rights of the Terminally Ill law has left physicians and citizens alike trying to deal with its moral and practical implications.
Some have breathed sighs of relief, others, including churches, right-to-life groups and the Australian Medical Association, bitterly attacked the bill and the haste of its passage.

Many people mistakenly believe the term drug refers only to some sort of medicine or an illegal chemical taken by drug addicts.
They don't realize that familiar substances such as alcohol and tobacco are also drugs.
This is why the more neutral term substance is now used by many physicians and psychologists.
The phrase "substance abuse" is often used instead of "drug abuse" to make clear that substances such as alcohol and tobacco can be just as harmfully misused as heroin and cocaine.

{adj: circumspect, discreet} heedful of potential consequences
"circumspect actions"
"physicians are now more circumspect about recommending its use"
"a discreet investor"

{adj: eminent} having achieved eminence
"an eminent physician"

{adj: human-centered, human-centred, humanist, humanistic, humanitarian} marked by humanistic values and devotion to human welfare
"a humane physician"
"released the prisoner for humanitarian reasons"
"respect and humanistic regard for all members of our species"

{adj: iatrogenic} induced by a physician's words or therapy (used especially of a complication resulting from treatment)

{adj: ministering, ministrant, attending} serving attendance on someone
"a ministering angel"
"the angels ministrant sang"
"the attending physician"

{adj: paramedical} of or denoting a person who supplements physicians and nurses in their activities
"ambulance drivers are paramedical personnel"

{adv: as needed, as required, pro re nata, PRN} according to need (physicians use PRN in writing prescriptions)
"add water as needed"

{n: Avicenna, ibn-Sina, Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina} Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)

{n: Barany, Robert Barany} Austrian physician who developed a rotational method for testing the middle ear (1876-1936)

{n: Bartholin, Caspar Bartholin} Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585-1629)

{n: Bruce, David Bruce, Sir David Bruce} Australian physician and bacteriologist who described the bacterium that causes undulant fever or brucellosis (1855-1931)

{n: Crohn, Burrill Bernard Crohn} United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884-1983)

{n: Down, John L. H. Down} English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)

{n: Eijkman, Christiaan Eijkman} Dutch physician who discovered that beriberi is caused by a nutritional deficiency (1858-1930)

{n: Fallot, Etienne-Louis Arthur Fallot} French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850-1911)

{n: Gilbert, William Gilbert} English court physician noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603)

{n: Gram, Hans C. J. Gram} Danish physician and bacteriologist who developed a method of staining bacteria to distinguish among them (1853-1938)

{n: Harley Street} a street in central London where the consulting rooms of many physicians and surgeons are located

{n: Harvey, William Harvey} English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood; he later proposed that all animals originate from an ovum produced by the female of the species (1578-1657)

{n: Hippocratic oath} an oath taken by physicians to observe medical ethics deriving from Hippocrates

{n: Hodgkin, Thomas Hodgkin} English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798-1866)

{n: Huntington, George Huntington} United States physician who first described Huntington's chorea

{n: Jacobs, Aletta Jacobs} Dutch physician who opened the first birth control clinic in the world in Amsterdam (1854-1929)

{n: Jenner, Edward Jenner} English physician who pioneered vaccination; Jenner inoculated people with small amounts of cowpox to prevent them from getting smallpox (1749-1823)

{n: Klinefelter, Harry F. Klinefelter, Harry Fitch Kleinfelter} United States physician who first described the XXY-syndrome (born in 1912)

{n: Lozier, Clemence Sophia Harned Lozier} United States physician who in 1863 founded a medical school for women (1813-1888)

{n: Manson, Sir Patrick Manson} Scottish physician who discovered that elephantiasis is spread by mosquitos and suggested that mosquitos also spread malaria (1844-1922)

{n: Mesmer, Franz Anton Mesmer, Friedrich Anton Mesmer} Austrian physician who tried to treat diseases with a form of hypnotism (1734-1815)

{n: Paracelsus, Philippus Aureolus Paracelsus, Theophrastus Philippus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim} Swiss physician who introduced treatments of particular illnesses based on his observation and experience; he saw illness as having an external cause (rather than an imbalance of humors) and replaced traditional remedies with chemical remedies (1493-1541)

{n: Reed, Walter Reed} United States physician who proved that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes (1851-1902)

{n: Roget, Peter Mark Roget} English physician who in retirement compiled a well-known thesaurus (1779-1869)

{n: Ross, Sir Ronald Ross} British physician who discovered that mosquitos transmit malaria (1857-1932)

{n: Rush, Benjamin Rush} physician and American Revolutionary leader; signer of the Declaration of Independence (1745-1813)

{n: Schweitzer, Albert Schweitzer} French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)

{n: Shaw, Anna Howard Shaw} United States physician and suffragist (1847-1919)

{n: Sydenham, Thomas Sydenham, English Hippocrates} English physician (1624-1689)

{n: Willebrand, von Willebrand, E. A. von Willebrand, Erik von Willebrand, Erik Adolf von Willebrand} Finnish physician who first described vascular hemophilia (1870-1949)

{n: Willis, Thomas Willis} English physician who was a pioneer in the study of the brain (1621-1675)

{n: allergist} a physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies

{n: angiologist} a physician who specializes in angiology

{n: bedside manner} manner or conduct of a physician in the presence of a patient

{n: bonesetter} someone (not necessarily a licensed physician) who sets broken bones

{n: defensiveness} excessive sensitivity to criticism
"his defensiveness was manifested in hurt silence"
"the fear of being sued for malpractice has magnified physicians' defensiveness"

{n: depressor} a device used by physician to press a part down or aside

{n: doctor, doc, physician, MD, Dr., medico} a licensed medical practitioner
"I felt so bad I went to see my doctor"

{n: doctor-patient relation} the responsibility of a physician to act in the best interests of the patient

{n: doctor} children take the roles of physician or patient or nurse and pretend they are at the physician's office
"the children explored each other's bodies by playing the game of doctor"

{n: ear doctor, ear specialist, otologist} a physician who specializes in the ear and its diseases

{n: embryologist} a physician who specializes in embryology

{n: endocrinologist} physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the endocrine system

{n: eponym} the name derived from a person (real or imaginary)
"Down's syndrome is an eponym for the English physician John Down"

{n: gastroenterologist} a physician who specializes in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

{n: general practitioner, GP} a physician who is not a specialist but treats all illnesses

{n: group practice} (medicine) the practice of medicine by a group of physicians who share their premises and other resources

{n: hakim, hakeem} a Muslim physician

{n: health maintenance organization, HMO} group insurance that entitles members to services of participating hospitals and clinics and physicians

{n: health, wellness} a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
"physicians should be held responsible for the health of their patients"
<-> illness, unwellness

{n: house physician, resident, resident physician} a physician (especially an intern) who lives in a hospital and cares for hospitalized patients under the supervision of the medical staff of the hospital
"the resident was receiving special clinical training at the hospital"

{n: locum tenens, locum} someone (physician or clergyman) who substitutes temporarily for another member of the same profession

{n: malpractice insurance} insurance purchased by physicians and hospitals to cover the cost of being sued for malpractice
"obstetricians have to pay high rates for malpractice insurance"

{n: nurse practitioner, NP, nurse clinician} a registered nurse who has received special training and can perform many of the duties of a physician

{n: nurse} one skilled in caring for young children or the sick (usually under the supervision of a physician)

{n: obstetrician, accoucheur} a physician specializing in obstetrics

{n: physician-assisted suicide} assisted suicide where the assistant is a physician

{n: physician-patient privilege} the right of a physician to refuse to divulge confidential information from a patient without the consent of the patient

{n: prescription} written instructions from a physician or dentist to a druggist concerning the form and dosage of a drug to be issued to a given patient

{n: primary care physician} the physician who provides primary care
"the primary care physician acts as a gatekeeper to the medical system"

{n: psychiatrist, head-shrinker, shrink} a physician who specializes in psychiatry

{n: psychoanalysis, analysis, depth psychology} a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
"his physician recommended psychoanalysis"

{n: quack} an untrained person who pretends to be a physician and who dispenses medical advice

{n: residency} the position of physician who is receiving special training in a hospital (usually after completing an internship)

{n: rheumatologist} a physician specializing in rheumatic diseases

{n: surgeon, operating surgeon, sawbones} a physician who specializes in surgery

{n: wick} any piece of cord that conveys liquid by capillary action
"the physician put a wick in the wound to drain it"

As one physician wrote: " Ours is a profession which traditionally has been guided by a precept that transcends the virtue of uttering the truth for truth's sake, and 'as far as possible do no harm. ' "
正如一位医师所写的那样: "我们这个职业传统上一直受一个信条支配: '职业传统上一直受一个信条支配:只要不造成伤害 '受一个信条支配:,可以超越讲真话的美德来编造谎言。 "

Studies show that, contrary to the belief of many physicians, an overwhelming majority of patients do want to be told the truth, even about grave illness, and feel betrayed when they learn that they have been misled.

And Weil has noticed more and more physicians lending him an enthusiastic ear.

Among the millions who now attend carefully to what he has to say is the faculty of the University of Arizona College of Medicine where a radical and innovative programme of his design, to " train a new type of physician for the next century " begins next month.
现在正谨慎关注韦尔一定会说的话的上百万人中,包括亚利桑那大学医学院的全体成员。该学院下月开始实施他所设计的一个激进且创新的项目,以 "为下一世纪训练新型医生。 "

For all my thirteen years working for New York city's Department of Social Services, I had met people from all walks of life including thief, murderer, drug addict, model, police, lawyer, politician and physician. I have never come across a prostitute.
我在纽约市社会服务部工作了 13年,遇到过各行各业的人-小偷、杀人犯、瘾君子、模特、警察、律师、政客和医生等,从没碰见过妓女。

Since 1906, when German physician Alois Alzheimer described the degenerative brain disorder bearing his name, doctors have argued about what exactly causes the disease.
自德国医生阿洛斯·阿耳茨海默 1906年描述那后来以他的名字命名的早老性痴呆症以来,医生们一直未能就该病的起因达成一致意见。

As researchers, physicians, and caregivers met in Washington for the World Alzheimer Congress, the scientists favoring plaques as the culprit got a first crack at proving their hypothesis.

The text, Diagnosis, Management and Treatment of Dementia: A Practical Guide for Primary Care Physicians, is somewhat technical but contains a lot of useful information.

Another 1998 report by German obesity expert Alfred Wirth, a professor of internal medicine and senior physician at Teutoburgerwald Clinic in Bad Tothenfelde, calculates that $19.4 billion is spent on the treatment of illness which can arise from obesity.
德国巴特托腾费尔德市条顿堡林山诊所的资深医生、内科教授、肥胖症专家艾尔弗雷德·沃思 1998年写的一份报告推算,用于治疗因肥胖症引起的各种疾病花费了 194亿美元。

The complexity of diagnosing the condition and designing a treatment for a specific patient, especially prescribing possibly addictive narcotic-based painkillers, can make this a task if a physician isn't well-versed in pain management.

Physicians also recommend prescription doses of anti-inflammatory agents such as Naprosyn and ibuprofen to reduce Alzheimer's-related inflammation.

The list of don'ts for ginkgo biloba include the warning that those taking aspirin or other blood thinners should first consult their physician because ginkgo, which has anticlotting characteristics, when taken in combination with a blood thinner can cause internal bleeding.

Physician stools and accessories

Physicians personnel assistance services

Primary care physicians home visits services

Primary care physicians consultation services

Primary care physicians control services

Primary care physicians emergency medical services

Physician 医生

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