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physician

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physician [ fi'ziʃən] n.医生,内科医生

physician [fi'ziʃən] n.医师,内科医师

Standard on Medical Requirements for Fire Fighters and Information for Fire Department Physicians
对消防队员的医疗救护要求标准

He prefers to be a surgeon rather than a physician.
他喜欢当外科医生而不愿作内科医生。

A survey conducted by a group of physicians indicates that pregnant women should pay more attention to their amount of iron reserves.
一组医生做的调查表明,孕妇更应该注意其体内铁离子的储存量。

An old physician, and a young lawyer.
医生年老的好,律师年轻的俏。

Exercise, temperance, fresh air, and needful rest are the best of all physicians.
锻链、节制、新鲜空气和必要的休息是最好的医生。

Feed by measure and defy physician.
饮食有节制,医生无用处。

Hide nothing from thy physician.
切莫讳疾忌医。

Nature, time, and patience are the three great physicians.
自然,时间和耐心,是三大伟大的医生。

Physicians of all men are most happy; most good success so ever they have, the world proclaimth,
and what faults they commit, the earth coverth.
Francis Quarles, British poet
世界上最幸福的人莫过于医生,他们的丰功伟绩为世人称颂,而他们的过失则被黄土淹没了。
英国诗人夸尔斯.F.

Unhappiness is best defined as the difference between our talents the difference between our talents and our expectations.
Edward de Bono.British physician
对不幸的最好解释是人们的才能和期望之间的差异。
英国医生达博诺.E.

All things are artificial , for nature is the art of God.
Sir Thomas Brown, British physician
一切都是人造的,连大自然也是上帝的杰作。
英国医生布朗爵士。.T.

Men have lost their reason in nothig so much as their religion, wherein stones and clouts make martyrs.
Sir Thomas Brown, British Physician
人们在宗教中失去理智最多,在那里石头和破布成了殉难者。
英国医生布朗爵士.T.

Let us suggest to the person in crisis that he cease concentrating so upon the dangers involved and the difficulties ,and concentrate instead upon the opptunity---for there is always opportunity in crisis.
Seebohm Caroline, British physician
让我们建议处在危机之中的人:不要把精力如此集中地放在所涉入的危险和困难上,相反而要集中在机会上——因为危机中总是存在着机会。
英国医生卡罗琳S

The more you fight something, the more anxious you become ---the more you're involved in a bad pattern, the more difficult it is to escape.
Seebohm Caroline, British Physician
你越是为了解决问题而拼斗,你就越变得急躁——在错误的思路中陷得越深,也越难摆脱痛苦。
英国医生卡罗琳S

Physicians — frustrated by their inability to cure the disease and fearing loss of hope in the patient — too often offer aggressive treatment far beyond what is scientifically justified.
医生由于不能治愈疾病,同时又担心病人失去希望,常常采用极端大胆的治疗方法,这些方法远远超出了科学能够认同的界限。

As a physician, I know the most costly and dramatic measures may be ineffective and painful.
作为一名医生,我深知最昂贵和最激进的手段也可能是无效的和痛苦的。

And thanks to the continual miniaturization of electronics and micro-mechanics, there are already robot systems that can perform some kinds of brain and bone surgery with submillimeter accuracy — far greater precision than highly skilled physicians can achieve with their hands alone.
由于电子和微观机械仪器的不断缩小,现在已有一些机器人系统能够进行精确到毫米的脑部和骨髓手术,其精确性远远超过熟练的医生用他们的双手所能达到的水平。

The Supreme Court's decisions on physician-assisted suicide carry important implications for how medicine seeks to relieve dying patients of pain and suffering.
最高法庭关于医生协助病人结束生命问题的裁决,对于如何用药物减轻病危者的痛苦这个问题来说,具有重要的意义。

Although it ruled that there is no constitutional right to physician-assisted suicide, the Court in effect supported the medical principle of "double effect, "a centuries-old moral principle holding that an action having two effects — a good one that is intended and a harmful one that is foreseen — is permissible if the actor intends only the good effect.
尽管裁决认为,宪法没有赋予医生帮助病人自杀的权利,然而最高法庭实际上却认可了医疗界的“双效”原则,这个存在了好几个世纪的道德原则认为,如果某种行为具有双重效果(希望达到的好效果和可以预见得到的坏效果),那么,只要行为实施只是想达到好的效果,这个行为就是可以允许的。

George Annas, chair of the health law department at Boston University, maintains that, as long as a doctor prescribes a drug for a legitimate medical purpose, the doctor has done nothing illegal even if the patient uses the drug to hasten death.
波士顿大学健康法律系主任乔治·安纳斯坚持认为,只要医生是出于合理的医疗目的开药,那么即使服用此药会加速病人的死亡,医生的行为也没有违法。
"It's like surgery," he says. "We don't call those deaths homicides because the doctors didn't intend to kill their patients, although they risked their death. If you're a physician, you can risk your patient's suicide as long as you don't intend their suicide."
“这就像做手术,”他说,“我们不能称那些死亡为杀人是因为医生并没有想杀死病人,尽管他们敢冒病人死亡的危险。假定你是一名医生,只要你并没有想让病人自杀,你就可以去冒你的病人自杀的风险。”

Just three weeks before the Court's ruling on physician-assisted suicide, the National Academy of Science (NAS) released a two-volume report, Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life.
就在最高法庭对医助自杀进行裁决的前三周,全国科学学会公布了一份长达两卷的报告——临近死亡:完善临终护理。
It identifies the undertreatment of pain and the aggressive use of "ineffectual and forced medical procedures that may prolong and even dishonor the period of dying" as the twin problems of end-of-life care.
报告指出了医院临终关怀护理中存在的两个问题:对病痛处理不力和大胆使用“无效而强制性的医疗程序,这些程序可能会延长死亡期,甚至会让死亡期难堪”。

Annas says lawyers can play a key role in insisting that these well-meaning medical initiatives translate into better care.
安纳斯说,律师可以在要求把医疗界的这些善意的行为变成更好的护理行动方面发挥关键作用。
"Large numbers of physicians seem unconcerned with the pain their patients are needlessly and predictably suffering," to the extent that it constitutes "systematic patient abuse."
“不少医生对病人所遭受的毫无必要的,可预见的痛苦无动于衷”,乃至于已构成“蓄意虐待病人”。
He says medical licensing boards "must make it clear... that painful deaths are presumptively ones that are incompetently managed and should result in license suspension."
他说,行医资格理事会“必须明确表明——病人痛苦地死亡,可以推定,是由于医生处理不力造成的,应该因此吊销其从医资格”。

The full import may take a while to sink in.
要充分理解这一法案的深刻意义可能需要一段时间。
The NT Rights of the Terminally Ill law has left physicians and citizens alike trying to deal with its moral and practical implications.
澳北州晚期病人权利法使得无论是内科医生还是普通市民都同样地力图从道义和实际意义两方面来对待这一问题。
Some have breathed sighs of relief, others, including churches, right-to-life groups and the Australian Medical Association, bitterly attacked the bill and the haste of its passage.
一些人如释重负,另一些人,包括教会,生命权利组织以及澳大利亚医学会成员都对这一决议及其仓促的通过进行了猛烈的抨击。

Many people mistakenly believe the term drug refers only to some sort of medicine or an illegal chemical taken by drug addicts.
很多人错误地认为“药物”这个词仅仅指某些药品或是吸毒者服用的违禁化学品。
They don't realize that familiar substances such as alcohol and tobacco are also drugs.
他们没有意识到诸如酒精、烟草这些我们熟悉的物质也是药物。
This is why the more neutral term substance is now used by many physicians and psychologists.
这也是现在许多内科医生和心理学家使用“物质”这个更加中性的词的原因。
The phrase "substance abuse" is often used instead of "drug abuse" to make clear that substances such as alcohol and tobacco can be just as harmfully misused as heroin and cocaine.
他们常用“物质滥用”而不用“药物滥用”来清楚表明滥用酒精、烟草这样的物质如同滥用海洛因和可卡因一样有害。

{adj: circumspect, discreet} heedful of potential consequences
"circumspect actions"
"physicians are now more circumspect about recommending its use"
"a discreet investor"

{adj: eminent} having achieved eminence
"an eminent physician"

{adj: human-centered, human-centred, humanist, humanistic, humanitarian} marked by humanistic values and devotion to human welfare
"a humane physician"
"released the prisoner for humanitarian reasons"
"respect and humanistic regard for all members of our species"

{adj: iatrogenic} induced by a physician's words or therapy (used especially of a complication resulting from treatment)

{adj: ministering, ministrant, attending} serving attendance on someone
"a ministering angel"
"the angels ministrant sang"
"the attending physician"

{adj: paramedical} of or denoting a person who supplements physicians and nurses in their activities
"ambulance drivers are paramedical personnel"

{adv: as needed, as required, pro re nata, PRN} according to need (physicians use PRN in writing prescriptions)
"add water as needed"

{n: Avicenna, ibn-Sina, Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina} Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)

{n: Barany, Robert Barany} Austrian physician who developed a rotational method for testing the middle ear (1876-1936)

{n: Bartholin, Caspar Bartholin} Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585-1629)

{n: Bruce, David Bruce, Sir David Bruce} Australian physician and bacteriologist who described the bacterium that causes undulant fever or brucellosis (1855-1931)

{n: Crohn, Burrill Bernard Crohn} United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884-1983)

{n: Down, John L. H. Down} English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)

{n: Eijkman, Christiaan Eijkman} Dutch physician who discovered that beriberi is caused by a nutritional deficiency (1858-1930)

{n: Fallot, Etienne-Louis Arthur Fallot} French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850-1911)

{n: Gilbert, William Gilbert} English court physician noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603)

{n: Gram, Hans C. J. Gram} Danish physician and bacteriologist who developed a method of staining bacteria to distinguish among them (1853-1938)

{n: Harley Street} a street in central London where the consulting rooms of many physicians and surgeons are located

{n: Harvey, William Harvey} English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood; he later proposed that all animals originate from an ovum produced by the female of the species (1578-1657)

{n: Hippocratic oath} an oath taken by physicians to observe medical ethics deriving from Hippocrates

{n: Hodgkin, Thomas Hodgkin} English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798-1866)

{n: Huntington, George Huntington} United States physician who first described Huntington's chorea

{n: Jacobs, Aletta Jacobs} Dutch physician who opened the first birth control clinic in the world in Amsterdam (1854-1929)

{n: Jenner, Edward Jenner} English physician who pioneered vaccination; Jenner inoculated people with small amounts of cowpox to prevent them from getting smallpox (1749-1823)

{n: Klinefelter, Harry F. Klinefelter, Harry Fitch Kleinfelter} United States physician who first described the XXY-syndrome (born in 1912)

{n: Lozier, Clemence Sophia Harned Lozier} United States physician who in 1863 founded a medical school for women (1813-1888)

{n: Manson, Sir Patrick Manson} Scottish physician who discovered that elephantiasis is spread by mosquitos and suggested that mosquitos also spread malaria (1844-1922)

{n: Mesmer, Franz Anton Mesmer, Friedrich Anton Mesmer} Austrian physician who tried to treat diseases with a form of hypnotism (1734-1815)

{n: Paracelsus, Philippus Aureolus Paracelsus, Theophrastus Philippus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim} Swiss physician who introduced treatments of particular illnesses based on his observation and experience; he saw illness as having an external cause (rather than an imbalance of humors) and replaced traditional remedies with chemical remedies (1493-1541)

{n: Reed, Walter Reed} United States physician who proved that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes (1851-1902)

{n: Roget, Peter Mark Roget} English physician who in retirement compiled a well-known thesaurus (1779-1869)

{n: Ross, Sir Ronald Ross} British physician who discovered that mosquitos transmit malaria (1857-1932)

{n: Rush, Benjamin Rush} physician and American Revolutionary leader; signer of the Declaration of Independence (1745-1813)

{n: Schweitzer, Albert Schweitzer} French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)

{n: Shaw, Anna Howard Shaw} United States physician and suffragist (1847-1919)

{n: Sydenham, Thomas Sydenham, English Hippocrates} English physician (1624-1689)

{n: Willebrand, von Willebrand, E. A. von Willebrand, Erik von Willebrand, Erik Adolf von Willebrand} Finnish physician who first described vascular hemophilia (1870-1949)

{n: Willis, Thomas Willis} English physician who was a pioneer in the study of the brain (1621-1675)

{n: allergist} a physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies

{n: angiologist} a physician who specializes in angiology

{n: bedside manner} manner or conduct of a physician in the presence of a patient

{n: bonesetter} someone (not necessarily a licensed physician) who sets broken bones

{n: defensiveness} excessive sensitivity to criticism
"his defensiveness was manifested in hurt silence"
"the fear of being sued for malpractice has magnified physicians' defensiveness"

{n: depressor} a device used by physician to press a part down or aside

{n: doctor, doc, physician, MD, Dr., medico} a licensed medical practitioner
"I felt so bad I went to see my doctor"

{n: doctor-patient relation} the responsibility of a physician to act in the best interests of the patient

{n: doctor} children take the roles of physician or patient or nurse and pretend they are at the physician's office
"the children explored each other's bodies by playing the game of doctor"

{n: ear doctor, ear specialist, otologist} a physician who specializes in the ear and its diseases

{n: embryologist} a physician who specializes in embryology

{n: endocrinologist} physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the endocrine system

{n: eponym} the name derived from a person (real or imaginary)
"Down's syndrome is an eponym for the English physician John Down"

{n: gastroenterologist} a physician who specializes in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

{n: general practitioner, GP} a physician who is not a specialist but treats all illnesses

{n: group practice} (medicine) the practice of medicine by a group of physicians who share their premises and other resources

{n: hakim, hakeem} a Muslim physician

{n: health maintenance organization, HMO} group insurance that entitles members to services of participating hospitals and clinics and physicians

{n: health, wellness} a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
"physicians should be held responsible for the health of their patients"
<-> illness, unwellness

{n: house physician, resident, resident physician} a physician (especially an intern) who lives in a hospital and cares for hospitalized patients under the supervision of the medical staff of the hospital
"the resident was receiving special clinical training at the hospital"

{n: locum tenens, locum} someone (physician or clergyman) who substitutes temporarily for another member of the same profession

{n: malpractice insurance} insurance purchased by physicians and hospitals to cover the cost of being sued for malpractice
"obstetricians have to pay high rates for malpractice insurance"

{n: nurse practitioner, NP, nurse clinician} a registered nurse who has received special training and can perform many of the duties of a physician

{n: nurse} one skilled in caring for young children or the sick (usually under the supervision of a physician)

{n: obstetrician, accoucheur} a physician specializing in obstetrics

{n: physician-assisted suicide} assisted suicide where the assistant is a physician

{n: physician-patient privilege} the right of a physician to refuse to divulge confidential information from a patient without the consent of the patient

{n: prescription} written instructions from a physician or dentist to a druggist concerning the form and dosage of a drug to be issued to a given patient

{n: primary care physician} the physician who provides primary care
"the primary care physician acts as a gatekeeper to the medical system"

{n: psychiatrist, head-shrinker, shrink} a physician who specializes in psychiatry

{n: psychoanalysis, analysis, depth psychology} a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
"his physician recommended psychoanalysis"

{n: quack} an untrained person who pretends to be a physician and who dispenses medical advice

{n: residency} the position of physician who is receiving special training in a hospital (usually after completing an internship)

{n: rheumatologist} a physician specializing in rheumatic diseases

{n: surgeon, operating surgeon, sawbones} a physician who specializes in surgery

{n: wick} any piece of cord that conveys liquid by capillary action
"the physician put a wick in the wound to drain it"

As one physician wrote: " Ours is a profession which traditionally has been guided by a precept that transcends the virtue of uttering the truth for truth's sake, and 'as far as possible do no harm. ' "
正如一位医师所写的那样: "我们这个职业传统上一直受一个信条支配: '职业传统上一直受一个信条支配:只要不造成伤害 '受一个信条支配:,可以超越讲真话的美德来编造谎言。 "

Studies show that, contrary to the belief of many physicians, an overwhelming majority of patients do want to be told the truth, even about grave illness, and feel betrayed when they learn that they have been misled.
恰恰与很多医师的观点相反,研究表明绝大多数患者确实希望被告知真实病情,哪怕病情严重。一旦得知受到欺骗,他们就有被出卖的感觉。

And Weil has noticed more and more physicians lending him an enthusiastic ear.
韦尔已经注意到越来越多的医生正倾听他的意见。

Among the millions who now attend carefully to what he has to say is the faculty of the University of Arizona College of Medicine where a radical and innovative programme of his design, to " train a new type of physician for the next century " begins next month.
现在正谨慎关注韦尔一定会说的话的上百万人中,包括亚利桑那大学医学院的全体成员。该学院下月开始实施他所设计的一个激进且创新的项目,以 "为下一世纪训练新型医生。 "

For all my thirteen years working for New York city's Department of Social Services, I had met people from all walks of life including thief, murderer, drug addict, model, police, lawyer, politician and physician. I have never come across a prostitute.
我在纽约市社会服务部工作了 13年,遇到过各行各业的人-小偷、杀人犯、瘾君子、模特、警察、律师、政客和医生等,从没碰见过妓女。

Since 1906, when German physician Alois Alzheimer described the degenerative brain disorder bearing his name, doctors have argued about what exactly causes the disease.
自德国医生阿洛斯·阿耳茨海默 1906年描述那后来以他的名字命名的早老性痴呆症以来,医生们一直未能就该病的起因达成一致意见。

As researchers, physicians, and caregivers met in Washington for the World Alzheimer Congress, the scientists favoring plaques as the culprit got a first crack at proving their hypothesis.
来自世界各地的科研人员、医生以及卫生护理专家出席了在华盛顿召开的世界阿耳茨海默氏病研讨会。

The text, Diagnosis, Management and Treatment of Dementia: A Practical Guide for Primary Care Physicians, is somewhat technical but contains a lot of useful information.
这本手册名为《痴呆症的诊断、处理和治疗:初级护理医生实用指南》,虽然学术性比较强,却提供了许多有用的信息。

Another 1998 report by German obesity expert Alfred Wirth, a professor of internal medicine and senior physician at Teutoburgerwald Clinic in Bad Tothenfelde, calculates that $19.4 billion is spent on the treatment of illness which can arise from obesity.
德国巴特托腾费尔德市条顿堡林山诊所的资深医生、内科教授、肥胖症专家艾尔弗雷德·沃思 1998年写的一份报告推算,用于治疗因肥胖症引起的各种疾病花费了 194亿美元。

The complexity of diagnosing the condition and designing a treatment for a specific patient, especially prescribing possibly addictive narcotic-based painkillers, can make this a task if a physician isn't well-versed in pain management.
为一个特定的患者诊断和设计治疗方案的过程非常复杂,尤其是需要开一些可能会上瘾的麻醉性止痛药时更难以把握,这对于一个并不善于治疗疼痛症的医生来说,实在是强人所难。

Physicians also recommend prescription doses of anti-inflammatory agents such as Naprosyn and ibuprofen to reduce Alzheimer's-related inflammation.
医生也认为按处方开出的剂量服用诸如普生和布洛芬之类的抗炎药,可以减少老年痴呆症引发的炎症。

The list of don'ts for ginkgo biloba include the warning that those taking aspirin or other blood thinners should first consult their physician because ginkgo, which has anticlotting characteristics, when taken in combination with a blood thinner can cause internal bleeding.
服用银杏制剂的注意事项之一是服用阿斯匹林或其它血液稀释药物的患者应当首先询问医生的意见,因为银杏具有抗凝血的特点,与血液稀释药物同时服用的话会导致内出血。

spsc-42192104
Physician stools and accessories
医师凳子和附件

spsc-85101604
Physicians personnel assistance services
助理医师

spsc-85121501
Primary care physicians home visits services
初级护理医师上门服务

spsc-85121502
Primary care physicians consultation services
初级护理医师咨询服务

spsc-85121503
Primary care physicians control services
初级护理控制服务

spsc-85121504
Primary care physicians emergency medical services
初级护理医师急诊服务

Physician 医生


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