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philosopher [ fi'lɔsəfə] n.哲学家

My advice to you is to get married. If you find a good wife, you’ll be happy; if not, you’ll become a philosopher.

The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point is to change it.

In the very books in which philosophers bid us scorn fame, they inscribe their names.

It's not good for a society to have more philosophers than plumbers.

To a society both philosophers and plumbers are important.

If you would go up high, then use your own legs! Do not let yourselves carried aloft; do not seat yourselves on other people's backs and heads.
F. W. Nietzsche, German Philosopher

It enables men to construct an intellectual vision of a new world, and it preserves the zest of life by the suggestion of satisfying purpose.
Alfred North Whitehead, British philosopher and mathematician  
英国哲学家。数学家怀特海. A. N.
It is at our mother's knee that we acquire our noblest and truest and highest ideals, but there is seldom any money in them.
Mark Twain. American writer

One cannot help being old, but one can resist being aged.
H.L.Samusel.British philosopher and writer

Apply yourself to true riches; it is shameful to depend upon silver and gold for a happy life.
Lrcius Annaeus Seneca, Ancient Roman Philosopher

Beggars do not envy millionaires, though of course they will envy other beggars who are more successful.
Betrand Russell, British philosopher

Economy is in itself a source of great revenue.
Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Ancient Roman Philosopher

Money is a good servant and a bad master.
Francis Bacon, British Philosopher

To be without some of the things you want is an indispensable part of happiness.
B. Russell, British philosopher

Time cures sorrows and squabbles because we all change, and are no longer the same persons. Neither the offender nor the offended is the same.
Blaise Pascal, French mathematician and philosopher

A smile is ever the most bright and beautiful with a tear upon it. What is the dawn without its dew? The tear, by the smile is made precious above the smile itself.
Susanne K.Langer, American Philosopher and educator

It is a curious fact that in bad days we can very vividly recall the good time that is now no more; but that in good days we have only a very cold and imperfect memory of the bad.
Arthur Schopenharer, German philosopher

Labor is often the father of pleasure.
French Philosopher and historian

Rest is a good thing, but boredom is its brother.
Voltaire, French philosopher

The foundation of true happiness is in the conscience.
Lucius Annaeus Seneca, ancient Roman Philosopher

Travel, in the younger sort, is a part of education; in the elder, a part of experience.
Francis Bacon,British Philosopher

Beauty is like a rich stone, best plain set.
Francis Bacon, Btitish Philosopher

All men are liable to error; and most men are, in many points, by passion or interest, under temptation to it.
John Locke, British Philosopher

Morality is not really the doctrine of how to make ourselves happy but of how we are to be worthy of happiness.
Immanuel Kant, German Philosopher

Morality is the herd instinct in the individual.
German Philosopher

Custom, then is the great guide of human life.
David Hume, British philosopher

Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly controlling my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind.
Bertrand Russell, British philosopher

Beauty in things exists in the mind which contemplates them.
D.Hume, British Philosopher

Grammar must be learned through language, and not language through grammar.
Johann G. Herdor, German philosopher

Histories make men wise; poems witty; the mathematics subtle; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend.
Francis Bacon, British Philosopher

It is not shame for a man to learn that which he knows not, whatever his age.
Soctates, Ancient Greek Philosopher

It is only when we see without any preconception, any image, that we are able to be in direct contact with anything in life.
Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian religious philosopher

Live to learn, not learn to live.
Francis Bacon, British philosopher

Maxims are the condensed good sense of nations.
James Mackingtosh, British philosopher

Reading good books is like having a conversation with the hihgly worthy persons of the past who wrote them; indeed, it is like having a prepared conversation in which those persons disclose to us only their thinking.
Renes Descartes, French Philosopher and mathematician

One of the symptoms of approaching nervous breakdown is the belief that one's .work is terribly important, and that to take a holiday would bring all kinds of disaster, If I were a medical man , I should precribe a holiday to many patient who consicered his work important.
Bernard Russell, British philosopher

Work banishes those three great evils: boredom, vice ,and poverty.
Voltaire, French Philosopher 

Don't try to win a friend by presenting gifts. You should instead contribute your sincere love and learn how to win others 'heart through appropriate ways.
Socrates, Ancient Greek philosopher

Every man is a poet when he is in love Plato.
ancient Creek philosopher  

Happy are the families where the government of parents is the reign of affection, and obedience of the children the submission to love.
Francis Bacon, British philosopher

The family is one of nature's masterpieses.
George Santayana, American Philosopher and poet

The fundamental defect of fathers is that they want their children to be a credit to them.
Bretrand Rrssell, British philosopher

It is a strange desire to seek power and to lose liberty, or to seek power over others and to lose power over a man's self.
Francis Bacon, British Philosopher

God is a circle whose centre is everywhere and whose circumference is nowhere.
Empedocles, Ancient Greek Philosopher

If God did not exist , it would be necessary to invent Him.
Voltaire, French Philosopher

The two great European narcotics:alcohol and Christianity.
Friedrich Nietzxche ,German philosopher

Witiout philosopher man cannot know what he makes ;without religion he cannot know why .
Eril Gill. Uk sculptor

Force , and fraud , are in war the two cardinal virtues.
Thomas Hobbes, British philosopher

Experience is the father of wisdom and memory the mother.
Charles Bernard, French philosopher  

Knowledge is power.
Francis Baco, British philosopher  

Not ignorance, but the ignorance of ignorance, is the death of knowledge.
A N. Whitehead, British philosopher  
英国哲学家怀特海,A. N  

The good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge are necessary, love is in a sense more fundamental, since it will lead intelligent people to seek knowledge, in order to find out how to benefit those they love. Delight without well-wishing may be cruel; well- wishing without delight easily tends to become cold and little superior.
Bertrand Russell British philosopher  

This atmosphere of excitement, arising from imagination, transforms knowledge.
Alfred Norty Whitehea British philosopher and mathematician
英国哲学家、数学家怀特海. A. N.

True science teaches, above all, to doubt and be ignorant.
de Unamuno Spanish philosopher  

When you want knowledge like you want air under water then you will get it.
Scrates.Ancient Greet philosopher Ancien Philosopher  

Experience more than sufficiently teaches that men govern nothing with more difficulty than their tongues .
Bendict de spinoza, Dutch philosopher

Experience without learning is better than learning without excperi-ence.
Bertuand Russell, British philosopher and mathematician

Mistakes are an essential part of education.
Bertrand Russell, Bdritish philosopher
英国哲学家罗素. B . 

The tragedy of the world is that those who are imaginative have but slight experience, and those who are experienced have feeble imaginations.
Alfred North Whitehead, British philosopher and nathematician  
英国哲学家、数学家怀特海.A . N.  

The great difficulty in education is to get experience out of ideas.
George Santayana, Spain-born American philosopher and poet

The sum of behavior is to retain a man's own dignity, without in -truing upon the liberty of others.
Francis Bacon, British philosopher  
英国哲学家培根. F . 

Almost any situation---good or bad ---is affected by the attitude we bring to .
Lucius Annaus Seneca, Ancient Roman philosopher
古罗马哲学家西尼加L A

Light troubles speak; great troubles keep silent.
Lucius Annaeus Seneneca, Ancient Roman Philosopher
古罗马哲学家尼加L A

Optimists always picture themselves accomplishing their goals.
Lucius Anaeus Seneca, Ancient Roman philosopher
古罗马哲学家西尼加L A

Prosperity doth best discover vice, but adversity doth discover virtue.
Francis Bacon, British Philosopher
Rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation.
John dennedy, American president

Tough--minded optimists approach problems with a can-do philosophy and emerge stronger from tragedies.
Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Ancient Roman Philosopher
古罗马哲学家西尼加L A

A certain amount of care or pain or trouble is necessary for every man at all times .A ship without a ballast is unstable and will not go straight.
Arthur Schopenhauer.Geman philosopher

As empty vessels make the loudest sound, so they that have least wit are the greatest babblers.
Plato , Ancient Greek Philosopher

One must mourn not the death of men but their birth.
Charles Scondat Montesquieu, French thinker and Philosopher

Tears are the silent language of grief.
Voltaire, French philosopher

Prejudice is the reason of fools .
Voltaire, French Philosopher

Avarice , the apur of industry.
David Hume , Bdritish Philosopher

Law is order , and good law is good order.
Aristole, Ancient Greek philosopher 

Mankind censure injustice, fearing that they may be the victims of it and not because they shrink from commintting it.
Plato, Ancint Grek philosopher 

Dancing in all its forms cannot be excluded from the curriculum of all noble education: dancing with the feet, with ideas, with works, and ,need I add that one must also be able to dance with the pen?
Friedrich W.Nietzsche, German philosopher 
德国哲学家尼采F W 

Education has for its object the formation of character.
Herbert Spencer, British philosopher 

Only the educated are free.
Epictetus, Ancient Greek philosopher 

Plato is dear to me , but dearer still is truth.
Aristotle, Ancient Greek philosopher

The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.
Aristtle, Ancient Greek Philosopher 

The university imparts information, but it imparts it imaginatively.
Alfred North Whitehead, British philosopher and mathematician 
英国哲学家、数学家怀特海A N 

Art is the mold of feeling as language is the mold of thought.
Susanne Langer, American philosopher 

Art is the object of feeling , and the subject of nature.
S.K.langer, American philosopher and educator 
美国哲学家、教育家兰格S K 

黑格尔 [hēi gé ěr] /Hegel (philosopher)/

哲学家 [zhé xué jiā] /philosopher/

Anti-science clearly means different things to different people.
Gross and Levitt find fault primarily with sociologists, philosophers and other academics who have questioned science's objectivity.
Sagan is more concerned with those who believe in ghosts, creationism and other phenomena that contradict the scientific worldview.

Indeed, some observers fear that the anti-science epithet is in danger of becoming meaningless.
"The term 'anti-science' can lump together too many, quite different things," notes Harvard University philosopher Gerald Holton in his 1993 work Science and Anti-Science, "They have in common only one thing that they tend to annoy or threaten those who regard themselves as more enlightened."

Kitcher is philosopher, and this may account, in part, for the clarity and effectiveness of his arguments.
The non-specialist will be able to obtain at least a notion of the sorts of data and argument that support evolutionary theory.
The final chapter on the creationists will be extremely clear to all.
On the dust jacket of this fine book, Stephen Jay Gould says: "This book stands for reason itself."
And so it does — and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.

{adj: German} of or pertaining to or characteristic of Germany or its people or language
"German philosophers"
"German universities"
"German literature"

{adj: Rousseauan} of or pertaining to or characteristic of French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)

{adj: baffled, befuddled, bemused, bewildered, confounded, confused, lost, mazed, mixed-up, at sea} perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment
"obviously bemused by his questions"
"bewildered and confused"
"a cloudy and confounded philosopher"
"just a mixed-up kid"
"she felt lost on the first day of school"

{adj: experiential, existential} derived from experience or the experience of existence
"the rich experiential content of the teachings of the older philosophers"- Benjamin Farrington
"formal logicians are not concerned with existential matters"- John Dewey

{adj: philosophic, philosophical} of or relating to philosophy or philosophers
"philosophical writing"
"a considerable knowledge of philosophical terminology"

{adj: philosophical, philosophic} characteristic of or imbued with the attitude of a philosopher or based on philosophy
"that breadth of outlook that distinguishes the philosophic mind"
"their differences were philosophical"
<-> nonphilosophical

{adj: philosophical, philosophic} characterized by the attitude of a philosopher; meeting trouble with level-headed detachment
"philosophical resignation"
"a philosophic attitude toward life"

{adj: professed} professing to be qualified
"a professed philosopher"

{adj: transcendent} beyond and outside the ordinary range of human experience or understanding
"philosophers...often explicitly reject the notion of any transcendent reality beyond thought...and claim to be concerned only with thought itself..."- W.P.Alston
"the unknowable mysteries of life"

{n: Abelard, Peter Abelard, Pierre Abelard} French philosopher and theologian; lover of Heloise (1079-1142)

{n: Anaxagoras} a presocratic Athenian philosopher who maintained that everything is composed of very small particles that were arranged by some eternal intelligence (500-428 BC)

{n: Anaximander} a presocratic Greek philosopher and student of Thales who believed the universal substance to be infinity rather than something resembling ordinary objects (611-547 BC)

{n: Anaximenes} a presocratic Greek philosopher and associate of Anaximander who believed that all things are made of air in different degrees of density (6th century BC)

{n: Antoninus, Aurelius, Marcus Aurelius, Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, Marcus Annius Verus} Emperor of Rome; nephew and son-in-law and adoptive son of Antonius Pius; Stoic philosopher; the decline of the Roman Empire began under Marcus Aurelius (121-180)

{n: Arendt, Hannah Arendt} United States historian and political philosopher (born in Germany) (1906-1975)

{n: Aristotle} one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers; pupil of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great (384-322 BC)

{n: Averroes, ibn-Roshd, Abul-Walid Mohammed ibn-Ahmad Ibn-Mohammed ibn-Roshd} Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)

{n: Avicenna, ibn-Sina, Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina} Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)

{n: Bacon, Francis Bacon, Sir Francis Bacon, Baron Verulam, 1st Baron Verulam, Viscount St. Albans} English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)

{n: Bentham, Jeremy Bentham} English philosopher and jurist; founder of utilitarianism (1748-1831)

{n: Bergson, Henri Bergson, Henri Louis Bergson} French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)

{n: Berkeley, Bishop Berkeley, George Berkeley} Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)

{n: Bloomsbury Group} an inner circle of writers and artists and philosophers who lived in or around Bloomsbury early in the 20th century and were noted for their unconventional lifestyles

{n: Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius} a Roman who was an early Christian philosopher and statesman who was executed for treason; Boethius had a decisive influence on medieval logic (circa 480-524)

{n: Bruno, Giordano Bruno} Italian philosopher who used Copernican principles to develop a pantheistic monistic philosophy; condemned for heresy by the Inquisition and burned at the stake (1548-1600)

{n: Buber, Martin Buber} Israeli religious philosopher (born in Austria); as a Zionist he promoted understanding between Jews and Arabs; his writings affected Christian thinkers as well as Jews (1878-1965)

{n: Cassirer, Ernst Cassirer} German philosopher concerned with concept formation in the human mind and with symbolic forms in human culture generally (1874-1945)

{n: Chuang-tzu} 4th-century Chinese philosopher on whose teachings Lao-tse based Taoism

{n: Cleanthes} ancient Greek philosopher who succeeded Zeno of Citium as the leader of the Stoic school (300-232 BC)

{n: Comte, Auguste Comte, Isidore Auguste Marie Francois Comte} French philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism; he also established sociology as a systematic field of study

{n: Condorcet, Marquis de Condorcet, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat} French mathematician and philosopher (1743-1794)

{n: Confucius, Kongfuze, K'ung Futzu, Kong the Master} Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)

{n: Cynic} a member of a group of ancient Greek philosophers who advocated the doctrine that virtue is the only good and that the essence of virtue is self-control

{n: Democritus} Greek philosopher who developed an atomistic theory of matter (460-370 BC)

{n: Derrida, Jacques Derrida} French philosopher and critic (born in Algeria); exponent of deconstructionism (1930-2004)

{n: Descartes, Rene Descartes} French philosopher and mathematician; developed dualistic theory of mind and matter; introduced the use of coordinates to locate a point in two or three dimensions (1596-1650)

{n: Dewey, John Dewey} United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)

{n: Diderot, Denis Diderot} French philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France; principal editor of an encyclopedia that disseminated the scientific and philosophical knowledge of the time (1713-1784)

{n: Diogenes} an ancient Greek philosopher and Cynic who rejected social conventions (circa 400-325 BC)

{n: Empedocles} Greek philosopher who taught that all matter is composed of particles of fire and water and air and earth (fifth century BC)

{n: Epictetus} Greek philosopher who was a Stoic (circa 50-130)

{n: Epicurus} Greek philosopher who believed that the world is a random combination of atoms and that pleasure is the highest good (341-270 BC)

{n: Haeckel, Ernst Heinrich Haeckel} German biologist and philosopher; advocated Darwinism and formulated the theory of recapitulation; was an exponent of materialistic monism (1834-1919)

{n: Hartley, David Hartley} English philosopher who introduced the theory of the association of ideas (1705-1757)

{n: Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel} German philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)

{n: Heidegger, Martin Heidegger} German philosopher whose views on human existence in a world of objects and on Angst influenced the existential philosophers (1889-1976)

{n: Heraclitus} a presocratic Greek philosopher who said that fire is the origin of all things and that permanence is an illusion as all things are in perpetual flux (circa 500 BC)

{n: Herbart, Johann Friedrich Herbart} German philosopher (1776-1841)

{n: Herder, Johann Gottfried von Herder} German philosopher who advocated intuition over reason (1744-1803)

{n: Hobbes, Thomas Hobbes} English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)

{n: Hume, David Hume} Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)

{n: Husserl, Edmund Husserl} German philosopher who developed phenomenology (1859-1938)

{n: Hypatia} Greek philosopher and astronomer; she invented the astrolabe (370-415)

{n: James, William James} United States pragmatic philosopher and psychologist (1842-1910)

{n: Kant, Immanuel Kant} influential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804)

{n: Kierkegaard, Soren Kierkegaard, Soren Aabye Kierkegaard} Danish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813-1855)

{n: Lao-tzu, Lao-tse, Lao-zi} Chinese philosopher regarded as the founder of Taoism (6th century BC)

{n: Leibniz, Leibnitz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz} German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)

{n: Locke, John Locke} English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)

{n: Lucretius, Titus Lucretius Carus} Roman philosopher and poet; in a long didactic poem he tried to provide a scientific explanation of the universe (96-55 BC)

{n: Lully, Raymond Lully, Ramon Lully} Spanish philosopher (1235-1315)

{n: Mach, Ernst Mach} Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)

{n: Maimonides, Moses Maimonides, Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon} Spanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)

{n: Malebranche, Nicolas de Malebranche} French philosopher (1638-1715)

{n: Marcuse, Herbert Marcuse} United States political philosopher (born in Germany) concerned about the dehumanizing effects of capitalism and modern technology (1898-1979)

{n: Mead, George Herbert Mead} United States philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931)

{n: Mill, James Mill} Scottish philosopher who expounded Bentham's utilitarianism; father of John Stuart Mill (1773-1836)

{n: Mill, John Mill, John Stuart Mill} English philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)

{n: Montesquieu, Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat} French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)

{n: Moore, G. E. Moore, George Edward Moore} English philosopher (1873-1958)

{n: Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche} influential German philosopher remembered for his concept of the superman and for his rejection of Christian values; considered, along with Kierkegaard, to be a founder of existentialism (1844-1900)

{n: Occam, William of Occam, Ockham, William of Ockham} English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)

{n: Origen} Greek philosopher and theologian who reinterpreted Christian doctrine through the philosophy of Neoplatonism; his work was later condemned as unorthodox (185-254)

{n: Ortega y Gasset, Jose Ortega y Gasset} Spanish philosopher who advocated leadership by an intellectual elite (1883-1955)

{n: Parmenides} a presocratic Greek philosopher born in Italy; held the metaphysical view that being is the basic substance and ultimate reality of which all things are composed; said that motion and change are sensory illusions (5th century BC)

{n: Pascal, Blaise Pascal} French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (1623-1662)

{n: Peirce, Charles Peirce, Charles Franklin Peirce} United States philosopher and logician; pioneer of pragmatism (1839-1914)

{n: Perry, Ralph Barton Perry} United States philosopher (1876-1957)

{n: Plato} ancient Athenian philosopher; pupil of Socrates; teacher of Aristotle (428-347 BC)

{n: Plotinus} Roman philosopher (born in Egypt) who was the leading representative of Neoplatonism (205-270)

{n: Pythagoras} Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem; considered to be the first true mathematician (circa 580-500 BC)

{n: Quine, W. V. Quine, Willard Van Orman Quine} United States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)

{n: Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan} Indian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)

{n: Reid, Thomas Reid} Scottish philosopher of common sense who opposed the ideas of David Hume (1710-1796)

{n: Rosicrucian} a member of a secret 17th-century society of philosophers and scholars versed in mystical and metaphysical and alchemical lore

{n: Rousseau, Jean-Jacques Rousseau} French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution (1712-1778)

{n: Russell, Bertrand Russell, Bertrand Arthur William Russell, Earl Russell} English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)

{n: Sartre, Jean-Paul Sartre} French writer and existentialist philosopher (1905-1980)

{n: Scholastic} a Scholastic philosopher or theologian

{n: Schopenhauer, Arthur Schopenhauer} German pessimist philosopher (1788-1860)

{n: Schweitzer, Albert Schweitzer} French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)

{n: Seneca, Lucius Annaeus Seneca} Roman statesman and philosopher who was an advisor to Nero; his nine extant tragedies are modeled on Greek tragedies (circa 4 BC - 65 AD)

{n: Socrates} ancient Athenian philosopher; teacher of Plato and Xenophon (470-399 BC)

{n: Sophist} any of a group of Greek philosophers and teachers in the 5th century BC who speculated on a wide range of subjects

{n: Spencer, Herbert Spencer} English philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies (1820-1903)

{n: Spengler, Oswald Spengler} German philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936)

{n: Spinoza, de Spinoza, Baruch de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza} Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)

{n: Stewart, Dugald Stewart} Scottish philosopher and follower of Thomas Reid (1753-1828)

{n: Stoicism} (philosophy) the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno

{n: Tagore, Rabindranath Tagore, Sir Rabindranath Tagore} Indian writer and philosopher whose poetry (based on traditional Hindu themes) pioneered the use of colloquial Bengali (1861-1941)

{n: Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin} French paleontologist and philosopher (1881-1955)

{n: Thales, Thales of Miletus} a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; he held that all things originated in water (624-546 BC)

{n: Theophrastus} Greek philosopher who was a student of Aristotle and who succeeded Aristotle as the leader of the Peripatetics (371-287 BC)

{n: Weil, Simone Weil} French philosopher (1909-1943)

{n: Whitehead, Alfred North Whitehead} English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (1861-1947)

{n: Williams, Sir Bernanrd Williams, Bernanrd Arthur Owen Williams} English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003)

{n: Wittgenstein, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johan Wittgenstein} British philosopher born in Austria; a major influence on logic and logical positivism (1889-1951)

{n: Xenophanes} Greek philosopher (560-478 BC)

{n: Zeno, Zeno of Citium} ancient Greek philosopher who founded the Stoic school (circa 335-263 BC)

{n: Zeno, Zeno of Elea} ancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)

{n: alchemist} one who was versed in the practice of alchemy and who sought an elixir of life and a panacea and an alkahest and the philosopher's stone

{n: atomism, atomic theory, atomist theory, atomistic theory} (chemistry) any theory in which all matter is composed of tiny discrete finite indivisible indestructible particles
"the ancient Greek philosophers Democritus and Epicurus held atomic theories of the universe"
<-> holism

{n: empiricist} a philosopher who subscribes to empiricism

{n: epicureanism} a doctrine of hedonism that was defended by several ancient Greek philosophers

{n: esthetician, aesthetician} a philosopher who specializes in the nature of beauty

{n: ethicist, ethician} a philosopher who specializes in ethics

{n: existentialist, existentialist philosopher} a philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable

{n: gymnosophy} the doctrine of a sect of Hindu philosophers who practiced nudity and asceticism and meditation

{n: historical school} a school of 19th century German economists and legal philosophers who tried to explain modern economic systems in evolutionary or historical terms

{n: mechanist} a philosopher who subscribes to the doctrine of mechanism

{n: moralist} a philosopher who specializes in morals and moral problems

{n: nativist} a philosopher who subscribes to nativism

{n: nominalist} a philosopher who has adopted the doctrine of nominalism

{n: philosopher's stone, philosophers' stone, elixir} a hypothetical substance that the alchemists believed to be capable of changing base metals into gold

{n: philosopher} a specialist in philosophy

{n: philosopher} a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity

{n: pluralist} a philosopher who believes that no single explanation can account for all the phenomena of nature

{n: pre-Socratic} any philosopher who lived before Socrates

{n: realist} a philosopher who believes that universals are real and exist independently of anyone thinking of them

{n: zinc oxide, flowers of zinc, philosopher's wool, philosophers' wool} oxide of zinc; a white powder used as a pigment or in cosmetics or glass or inks and in zinc ointment

{v: agree, hold, concur, concord} be in accord ; be in agreement
"We agreed on the terms of the settlement"
"I can't agree with you!"
"I hold with those who say life is sacred"

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