英语学习词典
  

period

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period [ 'piəriəd] n.时期;学时;句号

period ['piəriəd] n.时期,时代,学时

period [ 'piəriəd] n.句号

period ['piəriəd] 句点

保质期 guarantee period

伯乐 a good judge of talent (a name of a legendary person in the state of Qin during the Spring and Autumn Period who excelled in evaluating horses)

挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit

宽限期 grace period

试用期 probationary period

土地承包期 land contract period

offering period 报价日

contract period (or contract term) 合同期限

insurance during a period of illness 疾病保险

first (second, third, fourth) period 比赛的第一(第二,第三,第四)节

学习年限 period of schooling

定期存款的条件为年利6%, 存期6个月以上, 只要金额1,000元, 我们均乐意接受。
We shall be pleased to receive a fixed deposit for any amount more than $1,000, for a period over six months at the rate of 6% p.a.

main flow during the peak period 高峰主流向,高单向

潜伏期 incubation period

incubation period 潜伏期

赎回通知期 Redemption Notice Period

accounting period
会计期

annual leave eligibility period
年假资格周期

appraisal period
评核期

eligibility period
资格周期;可享假期期间;具资格期间

extended probationary period
延长试用期

consultation period 咨询期

public consultation period 公众咨询期

registration period 选民登记期

allocations to accounting periods 会计期间内的分摊

Grace period 债务宽限期

pay back period 还本期

Payback period of investment 投资回收期

Period 周期

period cost 期间成本

period of depreciation 折旧期数

period of production 生产周期

valid period 有效期

It is the interaction of his personality and period that results in the formation of a composer's style.
作曲家风格的形成,是其个性与时代相互作用的结果。

About 10,000 people a day filed past Tian'anmen Square during the celebration period.
在欢庆期间,每天约有一万人走过天安门广场。

The child has received formal education over an extended period.
这孩子接受过长期的正规教育。

The company is going through a very difficult period.
公司正处于十分困难的时期。

This period in history is not famous for its religious tolerance.
历史上的这个时期并不是以宗教上的宽容为特征的。

In her novel, she characterizes the whole year as a period of changes.
她在她的小说中把这一年描绘成一个充满变革的时期。

The war was followed by a long period of peace and prosperity.
战争结束之后,有一段很长时间的和平和繁荣。

After so much change we now need a period of stability.
经历了这么多变化,我们现在需要一个安定期。

In the early 1950’s historians who studies preindustrial Europe (which we may define here as Europe in the period from roughly 1300 to 1800) began, for the first time in large numbers, to investigate more of the preindustrial European population than the 2 or 3 percent who comprised the political and social elite: the kings, generals, judges, nobles, bishops, and local magnates who had hitherto usually filled history books.
早在20世纪50年代,许多研究前工业时代欧洲(我们可将其粗略定义为1300年至1800年间的欧洲)的历史学家们开始研究更多的欧洲人群,而不仅仅局在只占人口总数2%到3%的那些至今还充斥着历史书籍的政治、社会、精英人物:国王、将军、法官、贵族主教和地方要人。

The period in which man learnt to make tools of iron is called the Iron Age.
人类学会用铁制造工具的时代称为铁器时代。

She has a detailed knowledge of this period.
她对这段时期的情况了解地相当详细。

We have three periods of chemistry a week.
我们一星期三节化学课。

Which period of history are you studying?
你正在学哪一段历史?

什么时候到期?
When is this due? *due“必须支付”、“支付期限到了”。日常生活中常使用带有due的表达方式。
Here's the phone bill. (这是电话费通知单。)
When is this due? (交费截止到什么时候?)
When is the rent due? (房租截止到几号?)
When is the paper due? (交论文的时间截止到几号?)
When is the last day I can pay for this?
How long is the pay period?
When do I have to pay this by?
When does this have to be finished by?

付款截止到什么时候?
When is this due? *due“已到付款截止日期”。
When do I have to pay this by?
When is the last day I can pay for this?
How long is the pay period?
When is the pay period over?
When does this have to be finished by?

All disputes arising in the course of the consignment period shall be settled amicably through friendly negotiation.
所有在运输途中引起的纠纷都将通过友好协商,妥善加以解决。

We agree to insert a clause giving you a ten-day grace period.
我们同意给你加上一条10天宽限期的条款。

To him I owe the discovery that even very short periods of time add up to all useful hours I need, if I plunge in without delay.
Johm Erskine, American educator
我感激他使我发现即使是很短的时刻,只要我分秒必争的一头钻进工作,积累起来就成为我需要的特别有用的几个钟头。
美国教育家厄斯金.J.

If there are no room available for the above period, please inform me ASAP as I must look for another hotel.
如果在上述期间没有空房,请尽快告知以边另寻旅馆。

She has heavy bleeding with her periods.
她月经来的很多。

She has noticed occasional spotting of blood between periods.
在月经来的前后,她有时也发觉有滴滴达达的流血。

She has painful periods and abnormal vaginal discharge.
她月经来时疼痛,而且阴道有不正常的分泌物。

period a.时代;句号;休止符

Couldn't you extend the delivery period by …… or so? That would make things much easier for us.
贵方不能将交货期再延长……吗?那会让我们易办得多。

Would you accept delivery spread over a period of time?
不知你们能不能接受在一段时间里分批交货?

I propose a sole agency agreement for bicycles for a period of 3 years.
我建议订一个专销自行车的为期三年的独家代理协议。

The agency agreement has been drawn up for the period of one year.
为期一年的代理协议书已经拟订出来。

I want to sign a sole agency agreement with you on this item for a period of 2 years.
我想和你们签定一项为期两年的独家代理协议。

A: What’s the big holiday period in Beijing?
A: 在北京大的节假日是哪段时间?
B: We have a big holiday in October. October 1st is National Day. We usually get a few days for vacation. Sometimes, we even get a week.
B: 我们在10月有一个长假。10月1日是国庆节。我们通常有几天的假期,一般是一周时间。
A: That sounds good.
A: 听起来很好。
B: It is. And we also have the New Year and Spring Festival holidays early in the year.
B: 是的。在年初我们还有新年和春节。
A: That must be a busy time.
A: 那时候一定很繁忙。
B: It is. The train stations and the airport are really busy.
B: 是的,火车站和飞机场都非常繁忙。

奥陶纪 [ào táo jì] /Ordovician (geological period)/

霸主 [bà zhǔ] /a powerful chief of the princes of the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC)/overlord/hegemon/

白垩纪 [bái è jì] /Cretaceous (geological period)/

白垩世 [bái è shì] /Cretaceous (geological period)/

百家争鸣 [bǎi jiā zhēng míng] /(saying) "let a hundred schools of thought strive"; refers to the rise of philosophies during the Warring States Period/

不时之需 [bù shí zhī xū] /a possible period of want or need/

初期 [chū qī] /initial stage/beginning period/

代 [dài] /substitute/replace/generation/dynasty/geological era/era/age/period/

二叠纪 [èr dié jì] /Permian (geological period)/

二迭纪 [èr dié jì] /Permian (geological period)/

寒武纪 [hán wǔ jì] /Cambrian (geological period)/

后代 [hòu dài] /posterity/later periods/later ages/later generations/

后期 [hòu qī] /late stage/later period/

浣 [huàn] /to wash/to rinse/10 day period in the month (during Tang dynasty)/

季 [jì] /season/period/

纪 [jì] /discipline/age/era/period/order/record/

季节 [jì jié] /time/season/period/

届 [jiè] /arrive at (place or time)/period/to become due/measure words for events (e.g., meetings, elections)/

句号 [jù hào] /period/

开发周期 [kāi fā zhōu qī] /development cycle/development period/

课时 [kè shí] /class/period/

例假 [lì jià] /legal holiday/menstrual period/

历来 [lì lái] /always/throughout (a period of time)/(of) all-time/

历时 [lì shí] /to last/to take (time)/period/

泥盆纪 [ní pén jì] /Devonian (geological period)/

年代 [nián dài] /a decade of a century (e.g. the Sixties)/age/era/period/

年之久 [nián zhī jiǔ] /period of ... years/

片刻 [piàn kè] /(n) short period of time/

期 [qī] /a period of time/phase/stage/(used for issue of a periodical, courses of study)/time/term/period/to hope/

期间 [qī jiān] /period of time/time/time period/period/

前期 [qián qī] /(n) the time period preceeding some other time/

全新纪 [quán xīn jì] /holocene/period since the last ice age/

全新世 [quán xīn shì] /holocene/period since the last ice age/

三叠纪 [sān dié jì] /Triassic (geological period)/

三迭纪 [sān dié jì] /Triassic (geological period)/

生前 [shēng qián] /(n) period of time during one's life; while living/

时 [shí] /O'clock/time/when/hour/season/period/

时辰 [shí chen ] /time/one of the 12 two-hour periods of the day/

时代 [shí dài] /age/era/epoch/period/

时光 [shí guāng] /(n) time; era; period of time/

时候 [shí hòu] /time/length of time/moment/period/

时间 [shí jiān] /time/period/

时间内 [shí jiān nèi] /within (a period of time)/

时期 [shí qī] /a period in time or history/period/time (interval)/phase/

石炭纪 [shí tàn jì] /Carboniferous (geological period)/

随机时间 [suí jī shí jiān] /random period of time/random interval/

同期 [tóng qī] /the corresponding time period (e.g. compare inflation now with the rate during the same month last year)/

旺季 [wàng jì] /busy season/peak period/

小康 [xiǎo kāng] /comparatively good living standard/a period of peace and prosperity/

学时 [xué shí] /class hour/period/

早期 [zǎo qī] /early period/early phase/early stage/

阵 [zhèn] /disposition of troops/short period/wave/spate/burst/spell/

志留纪 [zhì liú jì] /Silurian (geological period)/

中叶 [zhōng yè] /mid- (e.g., mid-century)/middle period/

周期 [zhōu qī] /period/cycle/

侏罗纪 [zhū luō jì] /Jurassic (geological period)/

Just three weeks before the Court's ruling on physician-assisted suicide, the National Academy of Science (NAS) released a two-volume report, Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life.
就在最高法庭对医助自杀进行裁决的前三周,全国科学学会公布了一份长达两卷的报告——临近死亡:完善临终护理。
It identifies the undertreatment of pain and the aggressive use of "ineffectual and forced medical procedures that may prolong and even dishonor the period of dying" as the twin problems of end-of-life care.
报告指出了医院临终关怀护理中存在的两个问题:对病痛处理不力和大胆使用“无效而强制性的医疗程序,这些程序可能会延长死亡期,甚至会让死亡期难堪”。

Although the process of professionalisation and specialisation was already well under way in British geology during the nineteenth century, its full consequences were thus delayed until the twentieth century. In science generally, however, the nineteenth century must be reckoned as the crucial period for this change in the structure of science.
虽然职业化和专业化过程在19世纪的英国地质学界中已经得到迅速发展,但是它的效果直到20世纪才充分显示出来。然而,从科学这个整体来看,19世纪必须被视为科学结构发生变化的关键时期。

A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force.
一段长时间并且不费力而成功的历史可能成为一种可怕的不利因素,但若处理得当,这种不利因素也有可能转化为一种积极的推动力。
When the United States entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale. Its scientists were the world's best, its workers the most skilled.
二战结束后,美国恰好进入了这样的一个辉煌时期,当时,它拥有比任何竞争者大8倍的市场,这使其工业经济具有前所未有的规模经济。美国的科学家是世上最优秀的,它的工人是最富于技术的。

Self-doubt has yielded to blind pride.
到如今,对自身的怀疑已被盲目乐观所取代。
"American industry has changed its structure, has gone on a diet, has learnt to be more quick-witted," according to Richard Cavanaugh, executive dean of Harvard's Kennedy School of Government.
“美国的工业已经改变了结构,消除了滞胀,学会了明智”,这是哈佛大学肯尼迪管理学院行政院长理查德·卡佛纳的看法。
"It makes me proud to be an American just to see how our businesses are improving their productivity," says Stephen Moore of the Cato Institute, a think-tank in Washington, D.C.
华盛顿特区的智囊团——卡托研究院的史蒂芬·莫尔说,“看到我们的企业正在提高自身的生产率,作为一个美国人,我感到自豪。”
And William Sahlman of the Harvard Business School believes that people will look back on this period as "a golden age of business management in the United States."
哈佛商学院的威廉·萨尔曼相信人们将会把这一时期视为“美国企业管理的黄金时代”。

Under the new Northern Territory law, an adult patient can request death — probably by a deadly injection or pill — to put an end to suffering.
根据澳北州所通过的这项新法案,成年病人可以要求安乐死——可能是通过注射致死药剂或服用致死药片——来结束痛苦。
The patient must be diagnosed as terminally ill by two doctors.
但此前病人必须由两名医生诊断其确实已病入膏肓,
After a "cooling off" period of seven days, the patient can sign a certificate of request. After 48 hours the wish for death can be met.
然后再经过7天的冷静思考期,方可签署一份申请证明。48小时后,才可以满足其安乐死的愿望。

For a long period of time and in many parts of the country, a traveler was a welcome break in an otherwise dull existence.
过去很长一段时间,在美国很多地方,旅行者的到来因暂时打破原本的单调生活而受人欢迎。

Over a period of no practice what has been learned tends to be forgotten; and the adaptive consequences may not seem obvious.
有一段时间不实践,学到的东西往往就会忘记(渐进性地遗忘);其适应性结果也就显得不太明显。

{adj: Cretaceous} of or relating to or denoting the third period of the Mesozoic era

{adj: Jurassic} of or relating to or denoting the second period of the Mesozoic era

{adj: Triassic} of or relating to or denoting the first period of the Mesozoic era

{adj: ancient} belonging to times long past especially of the historical period before the fall of the Western Roman Empire
"ancient history"
"ancient civilizations such as those of the Etruscans and Sumerians"
"ancient Greece"

{adj: antebellum} belonging to a period before a war especially the American Civil War

{adj: antediluvian, antediluvial} of or relating to the period before the biblical flood
"antediluvian man"

{adj: antediluvian, antiquated, archaic} so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period
"a ramshackle antediluvian tenement"
"antediluvian ideas"
"archaic laws"

{adj: anthropic, anthropical} relating to mankind or the period of mankind's existence

{adj: asynchronous} not synchronous; not occurring or existing at the same time or having the same period or phase
<-> synchronous

{adj: avifaunal, avifaunistic} of or relating to birds of a particular region or period

{adj: bicentennial, bicentenary} of or relating to or completing a period of 200 years
"bicentennial celebration"

{adj: centennial, centenary} of or relating to or completing a period of 100 years
"centennial celebration"

{adj: coetaneous, coeval, contemporaneous} of the same period

{adj: colorful, colourful} striking in variety and interest
"a colorful period of history"
"a colorful character"
"colorful language"
<-> colorless, colourless

{adj: comparable, corresponding, like} conforming in every respect
"boxes with corresponding dimensions"
"the like period of the preceding year"

{adj: consequent, ensuant, resultant, resulting, sequent} following as an effect or result
"the period of tension and consequent need for military preparedness"
"the ensuant response to his appeal"
"the resultant savings were considerable"
"the health of the plants and the resulting flowers"

{adj: contemporaneous, contemporary} occurring in the same period of time
"a rise in interest rates is often contemporaneous with an increase in inflation"
"the composer Salieri was contemporary with Mozart"

{adj: costumed} dressed in clothing characteristic of a period, country, or class

{adj: deciduous} (of teeth, antlers, etc.) being shed at the end of a period of growth
"deciduous teeth"

{adj: diestrous, dioestrous, diestrual, dioestrual} (of animals that have several estrous cycles in one breeding season) in a period of sexual inactivity

{adj: early} at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time
"early morning"
"an early warning"
"early diagnosis"
"an early death"
"took early retirement"
"an early spring"
"early varieties of peas and tomatoes mature before most standard varieties"
<-> middle, late

{adj: eolithic} of or relating to the earliest period of the Stone Age (characterized by the use of eoliths)

{adj: exilic} of or relating to a period of exile (especially the exile of the Jews known as the Babylonian Captivity)

{adj: expired} having come to an end or become void after passage of a period of time
"an expired passport"
"caught driving with an expired license"
<-> unexpired

{adj: fourth, 4th, quaternary} coming next after the third and just before the fifth in position or time or degree or magnitude
"the quaternary period of geologic time extends from the end of the tertiary period to the present"

{adj: geosynchronous} of or having an orbit with a fixed period of 24 hours (although the position in the orbit may not be fixed with respect to the earth)

{adj: ideal} constituting or existing only in the form of an idea or mental image or conception
"a poem or essay may be typical of its period in idea or ideal content"

{adj: late, later} at or toward an end or late period or stage of development
"the late phase of feudalism"
"a later symptom of the disease"
"later medical science could have saved the child"
<-> early

{adj: late} being or occurring at an advanced period of time or after a usual or expected time
"late evening"
"late 18th century"
"a late movie"
"took a late flight"
"had a late breakfast"
<-> early, middle

{adj: lively} filled with events or activity
"a lively period in history"

{adj: long-acting} active over a long period of time

{adj: menstrual, catamenial} of or relating to menstruation or the menses
"menstrual period"

{adj: mesolithic} of or relating to a middle period of the Stone Age (following the paleolithic)

{adj: middle} between an earlier and a later period of time
"in the middle years"
"in his middle thirties"
<-> late, early

{adj: neolithic} of or relating to the most recent period of the Stone Age (following the mesolithic)
"evidence of neolithic settlements"

{adj: neonatal} relating to or affecting the infant during the first month after birth
"neonatal care"
"the neonatal period"

{adj: off-peak} of a period of less than maximal use or demand or activity
"off-peak telephone rates"
"off-peak fares"
<-> peak

{adj: paleolithic, palaeolithic} of or relating to the second period of the Stone Age (following the eolithic)
"paleolithic artifacts"

{adj: peak} of a period of maximal use or demand or activity
"at peak hours the streets traffic is unbelievable"
<-> off-peak

{adj: perinatal} occurring during the period around birth (5 months before and 1 month after)
"perinatal mortality"
"perinatal care"
<-> postnatal, prenatal

{adj: polyestrous, polyoestrous} having more than one period of estrus per year

{adj: postexilic} of or relating to the period in Jewish history after 539 BC (after the Babylonian Captivity)

{adj: postglacial} relating to or occurring during the time following a glacial period

{adj: postictal} pertaining to the period following a seiz]ure or convulsion
"postictal drowsiness"

{adj: postmillennial} of or relating to the period following the millennium

{adj: postwar} belonging to the period after a war
"postwar resettlement"
"postwar inflation"
<-> prewar

{adj: pre-Jurassic} of or relating to or denoting the time before the Jurassic period

{adj: premature} born after a gestation period of less than the normal time
"a premature infant"
<-> full-term

{adj: premenstrual} of or relating to or occurring during the period just before menstruation

{adj: prenatal, antenatal, antepartum} occurring or existing before birth
"the prenatal period"
"antenatal care"
<-> perinatal, postnatal

{adj: quantitative} (of verse) having a metric system based on relative duration of syllables
"in typical Greek and Latin verse of the classical period the rhymic system is based on some arrangement of long and short elements"
<-> syllabic, accentual

{adj: rapid} done or occurring in a brief period of time
"a rapid rise through the ranks"

{adj: recrudescent} the revival of an unfortunate situation after a period of abatement
"the patient presented with a case of recrudescent gastralgia"

{adj: refractory} temporarily unresponsive or not fully responsive to nervous or sexual stimuli
"the refractory period of a muscle fiber"

{adj: remittent} (of a disease) characterized by periods of diminished severity
"a remittent fever"

{adj: running} continually repeated over a period of time
"a running joke among us"

{adj: semestral, semestrial} occurring every six months or during every period of six months

{adj: settled} not changeable
"a period of settled weather"

{adj: short-run, short-term} relating to or extending over a limited period
"short-run planning"
"a short-term lease"
"short-term credit"

{adj: showery, rainy} (of weather) wet by periods of rain
"showery weather"
"rainy days"

{adj: squally, squalling} characterized by short periods of noisy commotion
"a home life that has been extraordinarily squally"

{adj: squally} characterized by brief periods of violent wind or rain
"a grey squally morning"

{adj: synchronic, descriptive} concerned with phenomena (especially language) at a particular period without considering historical antecedents
"synchronic linguistics"
"descriptive linguistics"
<-> diachronic

{adj: synchronic} (of taxa) occurring in the same period of geological time

{adj: synchronous, synchronal, synchronic} occurring or existing at the same time or having the same period or phase
"recovery was synchronous with therapy"- Jour.A.M.A.
"a synchronous set of clocks"
"the synchronous action of a bird's wings in flight"
"synchronous oscillations"
<-> asynchronous

{adj: terminal} relating to or occurring in a term or fixed period of time
"terminal examinations"
"terminal payments"

{adj: time-release} of or relating to a preparation that gradually releases an active substance (especially a drug) over a period of time

{adj: tricentenary, tricentennial} of or relating to or completing a period of 300 years

{adj: unsupervised} not supervised or under constant observation
"the school maintains unsupervised study halls during free periods"
"reliable workers are generally unsupervised"
<-> supervised

{adj: waning} (of the moon) pertaining to the period during which the visible surface of the moon decreases
"after full moon comes the waning moon"
<-> waxing

{adj: waxing} (of the moon) pertaining to the period during which the visible surface of the moon increases
"the waxing moon passes from new to full"
<-> waning

{adj: young, immature} (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth
"young people"
<-> old

{adv: BCE, B.C.E.} of the period before the Common Era; preferred by some writers who are not Christians
"in 200 BCE"

{adv: CE, C.E., Common Era} of the period coinciding with the Christian era; preferred by some writers who are not Christians
"in 200 CE"

{adv: all along, right along} all the time or over a period of time
"She had known all along"
"the hope had been there all along"

{adv: contemporaneously} during the same period of time
"contemporaneously, or possibly a little later, there developed a great Sumerian civilisation"

{adv: finally, eventually, at length} after a long period of time or an especially long delay
"at length they arrived"

{adv: in the long run, in the end} after a very lengthy period of time
"she will succeed in the long run"

{adv: over, o'er} throughout a period of time
"stay over the weekend"

{adv: pluckily} in a plucky manner
"he was Brentford's defensive star in pluckily holding out the determined Reading raids for long periods"

{adv: prematurely} (of childbirth) before the end of the normal period of gestation
"the child was born prematurely"

{adv: presently, currently} at this time or period; now
"he is presently our ambassador to the United Nations"
"currently they live in Connecticut"

{adv: spiritually} in a spiritual manner
"the ninth century was the spiritually freest period"

{n: Bernini, Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini} Italian sculptor and architect of the baroque period in Italy; designed many churches and chapels and tombs and fountains (1598-1680)

{n: Bronze Age} (archeology) a period between the Stone and Iron Ages, characterized by the manufacture and use of bronze tools and weapons

{n: Cambrian, Cambrian period} from 544 million to about 500 million years ago; marine invertebrates

{n: Carboniferous, Carboniferous period} from 345 million to 280 million years ago

{n: Christian era, Common era} the time period beginning with the supposed year of Christ's birth

{n: Christmas, Christmastide, Christmastime, Yule, Yuletide, Noel} period extending from Dec. 24 to Jan. 6

{n: Church Father, Father of the Church, Father} (Christianity) any of about 70 theologians in the period from the 2nd to the 7th century whose writing established and confirmed official church doctrine; in the Roman Catholic Church some were later declared saints and became Doctor of the Church; the best known Latin Church Fathers are Ambrose, Augustine, Gregory the Great, and Jerome; those who wrote in Greek include Athanasius, Basil, Gregory Nazianzen, and John Chrysostom

{n: Clifford trust, grantor trust} a trust established to shift the income to someone who is taxed at a lower rate than the grantor for a period of 10 years or more

{n: Coniferopsida, class Coniferopsida, Coniferophytina, subdivision Coniferophytina, Coniferophyta} cone-bearing gymnosperms dating from the Carboniferous period; most are substantial trees; includes the classes Pinopsida (subdivision Pinophytina) and Ginkgopsida (subdivision Ginkgophytina) and Taxopsida (subdivision Taxophytina) which in turn include the surviving orders Coniferales and Taxales (yews) and sometimes Ginkgoales as well as extinct orders such as Cordaitales (of the Carboniferous and Permian)

{n: Cordaitales, order Cordaitales} extinct plants having tall arborescent trunks comparable to or more advanced than cycads; known from the Pennsylvanian period; probably extinct since the Mesozoic era

{n: Cretaceous, Cretaceous period} from 135 million to 63 million years ago; end of the age of reptiles; appearance of modern insects and flowering plants

{n: Cycliophora, phylum Cycliophora} tiny marine organisms each the size of a period found in great numbers on lobsters' lips; identified tentatively in 1995 as a new phylum or as possible link between Entoprocta and Ectoprocta

{n: Cynodontia, division Cynodontia} a division of the order Therapsida from the Triassic period comprising small carnivorous tetrapod reptiles often with mammal-like teeth

{n: Depression, Great Depression} a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment

{n: Devonian, Devonian period, Age of Fishes} from 405 million to 345 million years ago; dominance of fishes and appearance of amphibians and ammonites

{n: Edwards, Jonathan Edwards} American theologian whose sermons and writings stimulated a period of renewed interest in religion in America (1703-1758)

{n: Elizabethan age} a period in British history during the reign of Elizabeth I in the 16th century; an age marked by literary achievement and domestic prosperity

{n: Golden Age} (classical mythology) the first and best age of the world, a time of ideal happiness, prosperity, and innocence; by extension, any flourishing and outstanding period

{n: Great Schism} the period from 1378 to 1417 during which there were two papacies in the Roman Catholic Church, one in Rome and one in Avignon

{n: Halley, Edmond Halley, Edmund Halley} English astronomer who used Newton's laws of motion to predict the period of a comet (1656-1742)

{n: Harlem Renaissance} a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished

{n: Hayes, Rutherford B. Hayes, Rutherford Birchard Hayes, President Hayes} 19th President of the United States; his administration removed federal troops from the South and so ended the Reconstruction Period (1822-1893)

{n: Holy Year} (Roman Catholic Church) a period of remission from sin (usually granted every 25 years)

{n: Ibero-mesornis} sparrow-sized fossil bird of the Cretaceous period having a vestigial tail; found in Spain; considered possibly the third most primitive of all birds

{n: Ictodosauria, order Ictodosauria} extinct reptiles of the later Triassic period

{n: Indian summer, Saint Martin's summer} a period of unusually warm weather in the autumn

{n: Iron Age} (archeology) the period following the Bronze Age; characterized by rapid spread of iron tools and weapons

{n: Italian Renaissance} the early period when Italy was the center of the Renaissance

{n: Jurassic, Jurassic period} from 190 million to 135 million years ago; dinosaurs; conifers

{n: Kepler's third law, harmonic law} a law stating that the ratio of the square of the revolutionary period (in years) to the cube of the orbital axis (in astronomical units) is the same for all planets

{n: Lent, Lententide} a period of 40 weekdays from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday

{n: Lubavitch} a town in Belarus that was the center of the Chabad movement for a brief period during the 19th century

{n: Middle Ages, Dark Ages} the period of history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance

{n: Middle Paleolithic} the time period of Neanderthal man; ended about 35,000 years BC

{n: Mississippian, Missippian period, Lower Carboniferous, Lower Carboniferous period} from 345 million to 310 million years ago; increase of land areas; primitive ammonites; winged insects

{n: Myxinikela siroka} fossil hagfish of the Pennsylvanian period (c. 300 million years ago) that resembled modern hagfishes

{n: Naegele's rule} rule for calculating an expected delivery date; subtract three months from the first day of the last menstrual period and add seven days to that date

{n: New Deal} the historic period (1933-1940) in the United States during which President Franklin Roosevelt's economic policies were implemented

{n: Ordovician, Ordovician period} from 500 million to 425 million years ago; conodonts and ostracods and algae and seaweeds

{n: Pangaea, Pangea} (plate tectonics) a hypothetical continent including all the landmass of the earth prior to the Triassic period when it split into Laurasia and Gondwanaland

{n: Pax Romana} the Roman peace; the long period of peace enforced on states in the Roman Empire

{n: Pennsylvanian, Pennsylvanian period, Upper Carboniferous, Upper Carboniferous period} from 310 million to 280 million years ago; warm climate; swampy land

{n: Permian, Permian period} from 280 million to 230 million years ago; reptiles

{n: Phanerozoic, Phanerozoic eon, Phanerozoic aeon} the period from about 5,400 million years ago until the present

{n: Precambrian, Precambrian eon, Precambrian aeon, Precambrian period} the eon following the Hadean time and preceding the Phanerozoic eon; from about 3,800 million years ago until 544 million years ago

{n: Prix de Rome} an annual prize awarded by the French government in a competition of painters and artists and sculptors and musicians and architects; the winner in each category receives support for a period of study in Rome

{n: Quaternary, Quaternary period, Age of Man} last 2 million years

{n: Ramadan} the ninth month of the Islamic calendar; the month of fasting; the holiest period for the Islamic faith

{n: Reconstruction, Reconstruction Period} the period after the American Civil War when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union; 1865-1877

{n: Regency} the period from 1811-1820 when the Prince of Wales was regent during George III's periods of insanity

{n: Reign of Terror} the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
"the Reign of the Bourbons ended and the Reign of Terror began"

{n: Renaissance, Renascence} the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world; a cultural rebirth from the 14th through the middle of the 17th centuries

{n: Roman times} the time period during which Rome dominated Europe

{n: Russian Revolution, October Revolution} the coup d'etat by the Bolsheviks under Lenin in November 1917 that led to a period of civil war which ended in victory for the Bolsheviks in 1922

{n: Silurian, Silurian period} from 425 million to 405 million years ago; first air-breathing animals

{n: Sinornis} sparrow-sized fossil bird of the Jurassic period to the Cretaceous period having a keeled breastbone and vestigial tail; found in China; considered possibly the second most primitive of all birds

{n: Stone Age} (archeology) the earliest known period of human culture, characterized by the use of stone implements

{n: Tertiary, Tertiary period} from 63 million to 2 million years ago

{n: Triassic, Triassic period} from 230 million to 190 million years ago; dinosaurs, marine reptiles; volcanic activity

{n: Tudor architecture} a style of English-Gothic architecture popular during the Tudor period; characterized by half-timbered houses

{n: Upper Paleolithic} the time period during which only modern Homo sapiens was known to have existed; ended about 10,000 years BC

{n: Vaughan Williams, Ralph Vaughan Williams} English composer influenced by folk tunes and music of the Tudor period (1872-1958)

{n: Victorian age} a period in British history during the reign of Queen Victoria in the 19th century; her character and moral standards restored the prestige of the British monarchy but gave the era a prudish reputation

{n: Western, horse opera} a film about life in the western United States during the period of exploration and development

{n: Wild West} the western United States during its frontier period

{n: addition, increase, gain} a quantity that is added
"there was an addition to property taxes this year"
"they recorded the cattle's gain in weight over a period of weeks"

{n: adjusting entry} an accounting entry made at the end of an accounting period to allocate items between accounting periods

{n: adolescence} the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood

{n: adulthood, maturity} the period of time in your life after your physical growth has stopped and you are fully developed

{n: adversity} a stroke of ill fortune; a calamitous event
"a period marked by adversities"

{n: air alert} the time period during which military and civilian agencies are prepared for an enemy air attack

{n: air alert} the warning signal that begins an period of preparation for an enemy air attack

{n: allowance} an amount allowed or granted (as during a given period)
"travel allowance"
"my weekly allowance of two eggs"
"a child's allowance should not be too generous"

{n: amnesty} a period during which offenders are exempt from punishment

{n: amortization, amortisation} the reduction of the value of an asset by prorating its cost over a period of years

{n: anabiosis} suspended animation in organisms during periods of extreme drought from which they revive when moisture returns

{n: ancients} people who lived in times long past (especially during the historical period before the fall of the Roman Empire in western Europe)

{n: anestrus, anestrum, anoestrus, anoestrum} applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or interval of sexual inactivity between two periods of estrus
<-> estrus

{n: annuity in advance} an annuity paid in a series of more or less equal payments at the beginning of equally spaced periods
"rent payable in advance constitutes an annuity in advance for the landlord"


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