英语学习词典
  

pass

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pass [ pa:s] vt.经过;通过;度过

pass away 消失;去世;终止

pass by 走过;(时间)逝去

pass on 把…传给别人;转入

pass out 失去知觉;分发

pass through 穿过;经历;遭受

let pass 放过,不追究

pass off (感觉等)终止;中止

pass up 放过,放弃,拒绝

pass away 去世,逝世

pass off 中止,停止

pass out 失去知觉,昏倒

pass away
去世,逝世

pass off
中止,停止

pass out
失去知觉,昏倒

pass [pa:s] vt. 传,递;经过;通过

pass [pa:s] v.传送,传递,遍(数)

把关 guard a pass

尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass

免验放行 pass without examination (P.W.E)

题外话 digression; mention in passing

踢皮球 pass the buck

HSDB High-Pass Filter 高通滤波器

LVR Low Pass Filter 低通滤波器

Standard on Personal Alert Safety Systems (PASS)
个人安全警报系统标准

pass 及格
fail 不及格

(throw a) baseball pass (快攻时)长传

登机牌 boarding pass (card)

Do Not Pass 禁止超车

No Passing 禁止通行

pass away 过世

pass out 昏倒;分发

pass over 忽略

in the east 与 on the east的区别
1.in the east表示我们生活中和地理位置上的绝对方向。如:
The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
太阳从东边升起,从西边落下。
The Great Wall begins in the east from the Shanghaiguan Pass and ends at the Jiayuguan Pass in the west.
长城东起山海关,西至嘉峪关。
2.on the east表示某事物位于另一事物所朝的方向。这里的方向是相对而言的。如:
China faces the Pacific on the east.
中国东临太平洋。
The United States faces the Atlantic on the east and the Pacific on the west.
美国东临大西洋,西濒太平洋。

Pass/Fail grading System:只记"通过"satisfactory ("pass")或者"不通过"unsatisfactory
("fail"),不记成绩等级的评分法。

Pass/Fail grading System:只记“通过”satisfactory (“pass”)或者“不通过”unsatisfactory (“fail”),不记成绩等级的评分法。

pass 及格

交通规则 traffic regulation
路标 guide post
里程碑 milestone
停车标志 mark car stop
红绿灯 traffic light
自动红绿灯 automatic traffic signal light
红灯 red light
绿灯 green light
黄灯 amber light
交通岗 traffic post
岗亭 police box
交通警 traffic police
打手势 pantomime
单行线 single line
双白线 double white lines
双程线dual carriage-way
斑马线 zebra stripes
划路线机 traffic line marker
交通干线 artery traffic
车行道 carriage-way
辅助车道 lane auxiliary
双车道 two-way traffic
自行车通行 cyclists only
单行道 one way only
窄路 narrow road
潮湿路滑 slippery when wet
陡坡 steep hill
不平整路 rough road
弯路 curve road ; bend road
连续弯路 winding road
之字路 double bend road
之字公路 switch back road
下坡危险 dangerous down grade
道路交叉点 road junction
十字路 cross road
左转 turn left
右转 turn right
靠左 keep left
靠右 keep right
慢驶 slow
速度 speed
超速 excessive speed
速度限制 speed limit
恢复速度 resume speed
禁止通行 no through traffic
此路不通 blocked
不准驶入 no entry
不准超越 keep in line ; no overhead
不准掉头 no turns
让车道 passing bay
回路 loop
安全岛 safety island
停车处 parking place
停私人车 private car park
只停公用车 public car only
不准停车 restricted stop
不准滞留 restricted waiting
临街停车 parking on-street
街外停车 parking off-street
街外卸车 loading off-street
当心行人 caution pedestrian crossing
当心牲畜 caution animals
前面狭桥 narrow bridge ahead
拱桥 hump bridge
火车栅 level crossing
修路 road works
医院 hospital
儿童 children
学校 school
寂静地带 silent zone
非寂静地带 silent zone ends
交通管理 traffic control
人山人海 crowded conditions
拥挤的人 jam-packed with people
交通拥挤 traffic jam
水泄不通 overwhelm
顺挤 extrusion direct
冲挤 extrusion impact
推挤 shoved
挨身轻推 nudging
让路 give way
粗心行人 careless pedestrian
犯交通罪 committing traffic offences
执照被记违章 endorsed on driving license
危险驾驶 dangerous driving
粗心驾车 careless driving
无教员而驾驶 driving without an instructor
无证驾驶 driving without license
未经车主同意 without the owner's consent
无第三方保险 without third-party insurance
未挂学字牌 driving without a "L" plate
安全第一 safety first
轻微碰撞 slight impact
迎面相撞 head-on collision
相撞 collided
连环撞 a chain collision
撞车 crash
辗过 run over
肇事逃跑司机 hit-run driver
冲上人行道 drive onto the pavement

  反向假冒 Reverse Passing-Off

  显行反向假冒 Express Reverse Passing-Off

  隐形反向假冒 Implied Reverse Passing-Off

编入某中帐项下 to pass to the account of; to place to the account of

兹奉上棒铁总价为512,000元清单一份, 恳请列入我公司贷方帐项为荷。
We hand you our account on the bar iron, amounting to $512,000, which kindly pass to our credit.

依照佐藤先生指示并受其委托,兹奉上即期汇票一纸面额200000元。请贷入该人的帐户为荷。
By order and for account of Mr.Satoh, I hand you enclosed a draft for $200,000 at sight, which please pass to the credit of his account.

付款已收到为结清委托销售,我们已收到面额100000元支票一张,现已转入贵贷方帐户,非常感谢。
We acknowledge receipt of your cheque, $100,000, in settlement of the charges on the consignment, and pass this sum to your credit, with best thanks.

谨同函奉上贵方的往来帐, 我方顺差500美元, 如核查无误, 请列入新帐为荷。
Enclosed I now wait on you with your account current, leaving a balance of $500 in my favour, which if found correct, you will be so good as to pass to a new account.

If you want to achieve something or intend to fulfill one of your ambitions, you must work hard, make efforts and get prepared. Otherwise, you will take no advantage of opportunities when they come to visit you.
假如你要取得成就或要实现你的雄心壮志,你必须努力工作、艰苦奋斗、准备好条件。否则,机遇来临你却无法利用。 189. The difference between a man who succeeds and one who does not lies only in the way each treats opportunities. The successful person always makes adequate preparations to meet opportunities as they duly arrive. The unsuccessful person, on the other hand, works little and just waits to see pass by.
成功者与失败者的区别在于处理机遇的态度。成功者做好充分准备迎接机遇的适时来临。而失败者工作懒散,眼看机遇悄然而过。

恒温器旁通阀
thermostat by-pass valve

旁通进水口
water by-pass inlet neck

分流式机油滤清器
by-pass oil filter

旁通阀
by-pass oil filter

低通滤波器
low-pass filter

Don't let chances pass by.
不要让机遇从我们身边溜走。

She is making a pass at you.
她对你眉来眼去的。

As a reward for passing the exams, she got a new bike from her parents.
她因为通过了考试,父母给她买了一辆新自行车作为奖励。

My teacher told me not to give up; I can still pass if I study hard for the final-term exam.
老师要我不要放弃,只要努力我仍可通过期终考试。

The minimum passing mark is 40 out of 100.
这次考试的最低合格线是百分制的四十分。

He amazed everyone by passing his driving test.
他通过了驾驶员考试而令大家非常惊讶。

We were amazed to hear that she passed the test without much difficulty.
听说她轻而易举地通过了考试, 我们都很惊奇。

Time passes quickly when you are absorbed in reading a good book.
当你全神贯注阅读一本好书时,时间会过得很快。

It is not an easy job to pass out the papers to so many students.
将试卷分发给这么多学生并不容易。

She passed out at the news that her parents were killed.
听到父母亲被杀害的消息,她晕倒了。

She experienced pain in thinking of her husband who had passed away years ago.
她丈夫于几年前去世, 她经历了一段思念亡夫的悲痛过程。

The bus pulled into the opening at the side of the road to let the cars pass.
公交车开到路边的空地上,让那些小汽车通过。

He passed the examination, contrary to what I expected.
他考试及格了,这出乎我的预料。

They predict that about twenty percent of the students will fail to pass the examination.
他们预计将有20%的学生考试不及格。

Students who cannot meet the minimum requirements would not be able to pass the exams.
不能达到最低要求的学生将不可能通过考试。

He repeatedly failed to pass the examination.
他一次又一次地考试不及格。

This pass enables me to travel half-price on trains.
这张通行证使我能够以半价乘火车旅行。

They nodded in embarrassment and passed in haste.
他们尴尬地点了点头,然后匆匆离开了。

The two houses stand apart and there is a path between them wide enough for two cars to pass at the same time.
两栋房子隔着一段距离,中间有条道路,其宽度足可以同时通过两辆轿车。

He feels confident about passing the exam.
他相信自己会通过考试的。

She bet that I wouldn't pass my exam.
她打赌说我考试不会及格。

Sorry! We've passed the street. The previous one was the right one.
对不起,我们已走过了那条街了,前面我们走过的那条街才是对的。

Passing the English examination should enhance your chances of getting the post.
通过了英语考试会增加你获得这个职位的机会。

As she is very clever and capable, she can pass the exam with ease.
她很聪明,又有能力,能够轻而易举地通过这场考试。

May all of you pass the exam!
祝你们都通过考试!

May you pass the entrance examination.
祝你能通过入学考试。

If you hand something over to someone, you pass it to him.
如果你将什么东西递交给什么人,那你就是将它交给他了。

When we are travelling with (or: at) speed, the passing countryside just seems a blur.
当我们高速开车旅行时, 沿途经过的乡村显得一片模糊。

The initiative has passed to us.
主动权已转到了我们一方。

She alleviated the tiring waiting by counting the cars passing on the street.
她用计算街上过往的汽车来消除由于等待带来的烦躁。

He barely passed the exam.
他勉强通过了考试。

Passes are available for one month’s unlimited travel within Europe.
欧洲无限制旅行一个月的通票有售。

They have done so much work that they are bound to pass the exam.
他们付出了很大努力,一定会通过考试。

The teacher forecast that only 15 of his pupils would pass the examination.
这位老师预测他的学生中只有15人能通过考试。

Tom's formula for his success in passing the examination is to study on his own but ask the teacher for help whenever he has any questions.
汤姆成功通过考试的诀窍就是坚持自学,但如有疑问,就请教老师。

You'll have to exert yourself more if you want to pass your exam.
如果你想通过考试,就必须更加努力。

Even if you take the exam again, you won't pass it.
就算再考一次你也通不过。

Don't let chances pass by. 不要让机遇从我们身边溜走。

I learnt that I had passed the test. 我获悉我测验及格了。

If you don't work, you will fail to pass the exam.如果你不学习,你考试就会不及格。

In the Warren Court era, voters asked the Court to pass on issues concerning the size and shape of electoral districts, partly out of desperation because no other branch of government offered relief, and partly out of hope that the Court would reexamine old decisions in this area as it had in others, looking at basic constitutional principles in the light of modern living conditions.
在Warren法庭时代,选民们要求法庭通过有关选区的大小和形状的问题,一方面因为出于绝望-没有什么其他的政府部门提供缓解的办法;一方面出于希望-法庭根据现代的生活条件来审视基本的宪法原则,像其他地区一样重新审查在这一地区的旧的规定。

Although these molecules allow radiation at visible at wave lengths, where most of the energy of sunlight is concentrated, to pass through, they absorb some of the longer-wavelength, infrared emission radiated from the Earth,s surface, radiation that would otherwise be transmitted back into space.
尽管这些分子能够透过可见光,阳光的大部分热量-都集中在这个波段,但是它们吸收长波,从地表来的红外辐射,或者将有些辐射折射回空中。

The hydrologic cycle, a major topic in this science, is the complete cycle of phenomena through which water passes, beginning as atmospheric water vapor, passing into liquid and solid form as precipitation, thence along and into the ground surface, and finally again returning to the form of atmospheric water vapor by means of evaporation and transpiration.
水文地质循环是这一科学里面的一个重要课题,它是水的完全循环过程。这一过程从水蒸汽开始中,以降水量的形式成为液态或者固态水,这样就到了地表,最后又通过蒸发或者散发方式回到水蒸汽的状态。

Parliament has passed an Act forbidding the killing of rare animals.
国会通过了一项法令, 禁止捕杀珍稀动物。

He didn't pass the exam, but it was a good attempt.
他虽然没有通过考试,但他做了很大的努力。

Many centuries have passed since that time.
从那时起,几百年过去了。

She passed by with only a distant nod.
她只冷淡地点了一下头就走了过去。

He had passed the entrance examination of the college.
他已经通过了大学的入学考试。

He got a fail in history and passes in other subjects.
他历史考试不及格,其他科目都通过了。

He passed me one fifth of the cake.
他递给我五分之一个蛋糕。

The carriage passed through the palace gate.
马车进入了宫殿的大门。

He passed judgement on the guilty man.
他对那个罪犯做出了裁决。

Most students passed the examination.
大多数学生通过了考试。

She nodded when she passed me in the street.
她在街上走过我身旁时向我点了点头。

Where did you pass the vacation?
你在什么地方度过假期的?

I passed the store on my way to the library.
我在去图书馆的路上经过了那家商店。

Please pass me the pepper.
请把胡椒粉递给我。

Please show me your monthly bus pass.
请出示公共汽车月票。

She is sure to pass the examination.
她一定会通过考试。

她昏过去了。
She passed out. *pass out“昏过去,失去知觉”。

他去世了。
He passed away. *比用die要委婉,“去世、咽气”。

我想追求她。
I'm trying to make a pass at her. *make a pass at...“(特别是对女性)挑逗,求爱”。
I'm trying to make a pass at her. (我想追求她。)
I don't blame you. ([她对你来说很有魅力,]我理解你的心情。)
I'm trying to pick her up. (我打算把她弄到手。) *pick up 是口语“把异性弄到手”、“勾搭女人”、“追女人”的意思。
I'm trying to get a date with her. (我打算和她约会。) *get a date with...“和……约会”、“约会”。

你脸上都写着呢呀!
It's written all over your face.
Did you pass the exam? (考试都通过了?)
How did you know? (你怎么知道的?)
It's written all over your face. (你脸上都写着呢呀!)
It's obvious. (明显地能看出来。) *obvious “一眼就能看出来的,明显的”。
I can see it in your eyes. *你的眼睛告诉了我。

请您把糖拿过来行吗?
Could you pass the sugar, please? *用于吃饭时等请别人拿自己够不到的东西时。
Could you pass the sugar, please? (请您把糖拿过来行吗?)
Sure. Here you are. (好的。给你。)
Could I have the sugar, please?
Could you hand me the sugar, please?
Could you give me the sugar, please?
Sugar, please. *比较随便的说法。

成功了!
I made it! *用来表现自己“成功了!”、“达到某个目标”时。如果是对对方说时用You did it!。
Did you pass the exam? (考试通过了吗?)
I made it! (通过了。)
I did it!

啊!可以松口气了!
What a relief!
I passed! What a relief. (我通过了,总算可以松口气了。)
Good for you. (太好了。)
That's a relief! (总算放心了。)
I'm relieved.
Everything worked out well. (所有的事都解决好了。)
I'm relieved. (我总算可以松口气了。)
I feel relieved.
I feel a lot better now.

这是一个机会。
There's a chance. *鼓励对方打起精神的说法。“愿望有可能实现”,但带有希望不大的语感。
I'll never pass that test. (我肯定考不过。)
There's a chance. (这可是个机会。)
There's a possibility.
It's not impossible. (不是不可能的。)
It could happen. (还是有可能的。)

I'd like to buy an excursion pass instead.
我要买一张优待票代替。

He passed out.
他已经昏倒了!
原句: He fainted.

That which one least anticipates soonest comes to pass.
事非逆料偏易发生。

Three things soon pass away; the echo of the woods, the rainbow, and woman's beauty.
三样东西最易消逝∶树林的回响,
彩虹和妇女的美貌。

All products have to pass strict inspection before they go out.
所有产品出厂前必须要经过严格检查。

A Is it difficult to pass the test and get a licence?
A 通过考试获得驾驶执照难吗?
B Yes, it can be quite tough. You don’t always pass the test first time.
B 是的,会相当不容易。不是每个人都能一次通过考试 。
A Do you go to a special driving school for lessons?
A 你去专门的驾驶学校上课吗?
B Yes, and it’s not cheap. But I really want to learn.
B 是的,而且学费不便宜。但是我确实想去学。
A I can understand that. Everybody wants to drive.
A 我能理解。每个人都想开车。
B It would make such a big difference to my life, especially going to work everyday.
B 学会开车对我的生活将带来很大的变化,尤其是对每天上班来说。

The stream of time, which is continually washing the dissoluble fabrics of other poets, passes withut injury by the adamant of Shakespeare.
Samuel Johnson, British writer
时光之流不停顿地冲刷着其他诗人们的那些易摧毁的塑像,但是在莎士比亚的巨像面前,却一晃而过,不损分毫。
英国作家约翰逊.S.

Animals are such agreeable friends --they ask no questions, they pass no criticism.
George Eliot, British novelist
动物是极易相处的朋友,它们从来不提问,也从不会批评。
英国小说家艾略特.G.

To most men , experience is like the stern light of a ship which il-luminates only the track it has passed.
Samuel Tylor Coleridge, British poet  
对于大多数人,经验像是一艘船上的尾灯,只照亮船驶过的航道。
英国诗人柯勒津治. S .T . 

The jury returned a verdict of guilty, and the judge will pass sentence next week.
陪审团裁定有罪,法官将于下周判刑。

We don't like them to pass through here.我们不希望汽车通过这里

He is passing less urine than usual.
他小便比平时少。

@@@ 当作, 以为, 持
confuse sb. with sb. 把...误当作...; 混淆
have a bias towards 对...持偏见
look on the bright side of things 对事物持乐观态度
pass down 把...传给后世, 把...当作遗产给予
read sth. into sth. 将本来没有的意思加进去解释, 自以为有某种含义
take a dim view of sth. 不赞成..., 对...持怀疑态度; 对...持悲观态度
think of ... as ... 把...看作是, 以为...是
treat ... as 把...待如; 把...看作
viewed as 被看作是

@@@ 用时
fit in 1.放/嵌进去
2.为...安排时间
fool around 闲荡, 浪费时间
get around to doing sth. (做完其他事后)终于能做某事; 找出时间做某事
get time off (from ...) 从...中抽出时间
go by 1.走过; (时间)逝去, 过去
2.依...做, 按...判断
keep up with the times 跟上时代
laze about/around 轻松愉快地打发时间
pass through 穿过, 经历(一段时间)
put off 推迟, 使延期
run out of time 用完全部时间, 没有时间了
take up (one's) time 占用(某人的)时间
tell time 报时

@@@ 错
apologize to (sb.) (for) 向...道歉, 认错
be out of one's mind 精神错乱
by mistake 错误地; 无心地
confuse sb. with sb. 把...误当作...; 混淆
do wrong 做错; 作恶; 犯罪
get away with 做错事而未受处罚
get off on the wrong foot 开始就不顺利; 一开始就犯了个错误
mixed up 弄混淆; 搞错了
out of sorts 心情糟, 觉得不对劲儿
pass up 放弃, 错过

@@@ 改变, 转换
adaptation to 针对...的适应性的变化
bring over 把...带来; 使某人转变(思想或信仰)
change for the better 改进; 改善; 好转
change for the worse 恶化; 每况愈下
change hands 易手; 易主
change of pace 变换活动; 换口味
change one's mind 改变主意/想法
change sth. into 把...变成...
change the subject 转移话题
cheer (sb.) up 使高兴, 使情绪好转
clear up 1.(天气)变晴, 天空晴朗
2.说明, 澄清
convert sth. into sth. 转变, 变换
cool down/off 变凉爽; 使冷静
develop into 发展成为..., 演变成...
direct at/to sth./sb. 使...转向或对准某一方向; 指示, 命令...
emigrate (from) to (从...)移居到...
evolve from/out of 从...进化来; 从...发展来
evolve into 演化成
fix up 修理; 重新装饰或改装
for the better 好转, 向好的方向发展
get above oneself 变得自高自大
go bad 变坏; 腐败
improve on 对...做出改进
in flux 处于不断变化之中; 动荡不定
in other words 换句话说, 换言之
in place of 代替; 更换
leave much to be desired 不够好; 有待改善
make over 把(财产)转让; 改造
melt away (使某物)融化或溶解而消失; 逐渐消失
move about/around 走来走去; 动来动去; 不断迁移
move away 离开; 搬走
move into 搬入; 迁居
move out (of) 搬出
pass on 把...传给别人; 转移
range from A to B 在A和B之间变化或变动; 从A延伸到B
reduce to 变少; 使处于, 使成为(某种情况或状态)
remove sth. from 将某物从...移到...; 去掉; 免除(职务)
that is to say 那就是说, 换句话说
thaw out 1.(人的态度、行为等)变得随便; 变得温和
2.解冻, 变暖和
toss and turn 辗转反侧, 无法入眠
transfer to 转移到...; 调转到...; 转学到...
transform ... into ... 把...变成...
turn around 回转, 转向
turn into 使变成, 使成为
turn over 翻身; 翻转
vary from ... to ... 从...到...变动/变化
warm up 1.使...变热(暖和)
2.(体育锻炼之前, 音乐演奏之前的)热身

on : 向前,向上(forward, onward)
add on 加上
mark on 标上
paint on 漆上
press on 向前
pass on 传递
send on 转送
stamp on 盖章于
get on 上车
hand on 传送

off : 完成,停止(indicating completion)
finish off 结束
pay off 付清
break off 停止,中断
send off 结束
leave off 停止
pass off 终止,停止
sign off 停止播音
wear off 消失,
write off 注销,购销
bring off 完成
call off 取消
lay off 停止, 解雇

over : 经过(from one side to the other, across a space or distance)
jump over
climb over
come over
go over
swim over
pass over
walk over


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