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origin [ 'ɔridʒin] n.起源,由来;出身

origin ['ɔridʒin] n. 起源,由来

origin ['ɔridʒin] 起始地址

物种起源 origin of species

原产地保护 protection of place of origin

Inspection Certificate of Origin 产地检验证书

Inspection Certificate of Origin 产地检验证书

姓 family name
名 First (Given) Name
年 year
月 month
性别 sex
偕行人数 accompanying number
男 male
女 female
职业 occupation
专业技术人员 professionals & technical
国籍 nationality
国籍 country of citizenship
行政管理人员 legislators &administrators
办事员 clerk
护照号 passport No.
商业人员 commerce (Business People)
原住地 country of Origin (Country where you live)
服务人员 service
前往目的地国 destination country
登机城市 city where you boarded
签证签发地 city where visa was issued
签发日期 date issue
前往国家的住址 address while in
签名 signature
街道及门牌号 number and street
官方填写 official use only
城市及国家 city and state
日 day
出生日期 date of Birth (Birthdate)    

C.O (certificate of origin)一般原产地证

FOB origin pricing FOB产地定价法

race and ethnic origin 种族和民族

  原产地名称 Appellation Of Origin (AOS)

origin station 起点站,首站

origin stop 始发站

origin-destination survey 起迄点调查,O-D调查

passenger origin 客向,客流流向

country of origin

Its origin is still a mystery now. 它的起源至今仍是个谜。

We want to purchase Chinese tea. Please send us your best offer by fax indicating origin packing, quantity available and the earliest time of shipment.

C/O (Certificate of Origin)产地证

certificate of origin 产地证明书

We are collecting this material at the point of origin.

Beneficiary's original signed commercial invoices at least in 8 copies issued in the name of the buyer indicating (showing/evidencing/specifying/declaration of)the merchandise, country of origin and any other relevant information.

Signed attested invoice combined with certificate of origin and value in 6 copies as required for imports into Nigeria.

本源 origin; source; fountainhead

本 [běn] /roots or stems of plants/origin/source/this/the current/root/foundation/basis/(a measure word)/

本源 [běn yuán] /origin/source/

出身 [chū shēn] /family background/class origin/

根源 [gēn yuán] /origin/root (cause)/

来历 [lái lì] /history/antecedents/origin/

来源 [lái yuán] /source (of information, etc)/origin/

老家 [lǎo jiā] /native place/place of origin/home state or region/

起源 [qǐ yuán] /origin/to originate/to come from/

由来 [yóu lái] /origin/

源 [yuán] /root/source/origin/

缘起 [yuán qǐ] /origin/

源泉 [yuán quán] /(n) fountainhead; source or origin (of water)/(n) source/

原因 [yuán yīn] /cause/origin/root cause/reason/

Rumor has it that more than 20 books on creationism/evolution are in the publisher's pipelines.
A few have already appeared.
The goal of all will be to try to explain to a confused and often unenlightened citizenry that there are not two equally valid scientific theories for the origin and evolution of universe and life.

{adj: analogous} corresponding in function but not in evolutionary origin
"the wings of a bee and those of a hummingbird are analogous"
<-> homologous, heterologous

{adj: anthropogenetic, anthropogenic} of or relating to the study of the origins and development of human beings

{adj: bicipital} having two heads or points of origin as a biceps

{adj: black} of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin
"a great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization"- Martin Luther King Jr.
<-> white

{adj: cosmologic, cosmological, cosmogonic, cosmogonical, cosmogenic, cosmogenical} pertaining to the branch of astronomy dealing with the origin and history and structure and dynamics of the universe
"cosmologic science"
"cosmological redshift"
"cosmogonic theories of the origin of the universe"

{adj: cryptic, cryptical, deep, inscrutable, mysterious, mystifying} of an obscure nature
"the new insurance policy is written without cryptic or mysterious terms"
"a deep dark secret"
"the inscrutable workings of Providence"
"in its mysterious past it encompasses all the dim origins of life"- Rachel Carson
"rituals totally mystifying to visitors from other lands"

{adj: distal} situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone
<-> proximal

{adj: door-to-door} (of e.g. journeys or deliveries) direct from point of origin to point of destination
"the limousine offers door-to-door service"

{adj: earthborn} connected with earthly life; of earthly origin
"earthborn cares and pleasures"

{adj: earthborn} of earthly origin (as mortals are)
"earthborn existence"

{adj: faint} indistinctly understood or felt or perceived
"a faint clue to the origin of the mystery"
"haven't the faintest idea"

{adj: genetic} pertaining to or referring to origin
"genetic history reconstructs the origins of a literary work"

{adj: heterologous, heterologic, heterological} not corresponding in structure or evolutionary origin
<-> analogous, homologous

{adj: homologic, homological} similar in evolutionary origin but not in function

{adj: homologous} having the same evolutionary origin but serving different functions
"the wing of a bat and the arm of a man are homologous"
<-> analogous, heterologous

{adj: homophonous} characteristic of the phenomenon of words of different origins that are pronounced the same way
"'horse' and 'hoarse' are homophonous words"

{adj: lowborn} of humble birth or origins
"a topsy-turvy society of lowborn rich and blue-blooded poor"
<-> noble

{adj: man-made, semisynthetic, synthetic} not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially
"man-made fibers"
"synthetic leather"

{adj: national} of or relating to nationality
"national origin"

{adj: native} characteristic of or existing by virtue of geographic origin
"the native North American sugar maple"
"many native artists studied abroad"
<-> foreign

{adj: nebular, nebulous} of or relating to or resembling a nebula
"the nebular hypothesis of the origin of the solar system"

{adj: ontogenetic} of or relating to the origin and development of individual organisms
"ontogenetic development"

{adj: proximal} situated nearest to point of attachment or origin
"the proximal end of a bone"
<-> distal

{adj: psychogenetic} of or relating to the origin and development of the mind

{adj: psychogenic} mental or emotional rather than physiological in origin
"a psychogenic disorder"

{adj: questionable} subject to question
"questionable motives"
"a questionable reputation"
"a fire of questionable origin"
<-> unquestionable

{adj: recent} near to or not long before the present
"recent times"
"of recent origin"

{adj: related} connected by kinship, common origin, or marriage
<-> unrelated

{adj: somatogenic, somatogenetic} of or arising from physiological causes rather than being psychogenic in origin
"somatogenic theories of schizophrenia"

{adj: superstitious} showing ignorance or the laws of nature and faith in magic or chance
"finally realized that the horror he felt was superstitious in origin"

{adj: uncertain} not established beyond doubt; still undecided or unknown
"an uncertain future"
"a manuscript of uncertain origin"
"plans are still uncertain"
"changes of great if uncertain consequences"
"without further evidence his story must remain uncertain"
<-> certain

{adj: unwritten} based on custom rather than documentation
"an unwritten law"
"rites...so ancient that they well might have had their unwritten origins in Aurignacian times"- J.L.T.C.Spence
<-> written

{adj: zero} indicating an initial point or origin

{adv: primitively, originally, in the beginning} with reference to the origin or beginning

{n: Abyssinian, Abyssinian cat} a small slender short-haired breed of African origin having brownish fur with a reddish undercoat

{n: Basque} a member of a people of unknown origin living in the western Pyrenees in France and Spain

{n: Border terrier} small rough-coated terrier of British origin

{n: Caribbean, Caribbean Sea} an arm of the Atlantic Ocean between North and South America; the origin of the Gulf stream

{n: Chukchi, Chukchi language} an indigenous and isolated language of unknown origin spoken by the Chukchi that is pronounced differently by men and women

{n: Cyprus, Republic of Cyprus} a country on the island of Cyprus; 80% of the people are of Greek origin and 20% or Turkish origin

{n: Devon} red dual-purpose cattle of English origin

{n: Doberman, Doberman pinscher} medium large breed of dog of German origin with a glossy black and tan coat; used as a watchdog

{n: Fiji Islands, Fijis} a group of more than 800 islands (100 inhabited) in the southwestern Pacific; larger islands (Viti Levu and Vanua Levu) are of volcanic origin surrounded by coral reefs; smaller islands are coral

{n: Gaucher's disease} a rare chronic disorder of lipid metabolism of genetic origin

{n: Gulf War syndrome, Persian Gulf illness} a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War; characterized by fatigue and headache and dizziness and nausea and rashes and joint pain and respiratory disorders

{n: Heraclitus} a presocratic Greek philosopher who said that fire is the origin of all things and that permanence is an illusion as all things are in perpetual flux (circa 500 BC)

{n: Kabbalah, Kabbala, Kabala, Cabbalah, Cabbala, Cabala, Qabbalah, Qabbala} an esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries

{n: Laplace, Marquis de Laplace, Pierre Simon de Laplace} French mathematician and astronomer who formulated the nebular hypothesis concerning the origins of the solar system and who developed the theory of probability (1749-1827)

{n: Lemaitre, Georges Henri Lemaitre, Edouard Lemaitre} Belgian cosmologist who proposed the big-bang theory of the origin of the universe (1894-1966)

{n: Parsee, Parsi} a member of a monotheistic sect of Zoroastrian origin; descended from the Persians; now found in western India

{n: Selkup, Ostyak-Samoyed} one of the people of mixed Ostyak and Samoyed origin in Siberia

{n: Wicca} the polytheistic nature religion of modern witchcraft whose central deity is a mother goddess; claims origins in pre-Christian pagan religions of western Europe

{n: adenoma} a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin

{n: almond moth, fig moth, Cadra cautella} a moth whose larvae feed on and mat together with webbing various stored products of vegetable origin

{n: anthropology} the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings

{n: asthma, asthma attack, bronchial asthma} respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin

{n: authentication, hallmark, assay-mark} a mark on an article of trade to indicate its origin and authenticity

{n: ballad, lay} a narrative poem of popular origin

{n: basenji} small smooth-haired breed of African origin having a tightly curled tail and the inability to bark

{n: bastard, mongrel} derogatory term for a variation that is not genuine; something irregular or inferior or of dubious origin
"the architecture was a kind of bastard suggesting Gothic but not true Gothic"

{n: beginning, origin, root, rootage, source} the place where something begins, where it springs into being
"the Italian beginning of the Renaissance"
"Jupiter was the origin of the radiation"
"Pittsburgh is the source of the Ohio River"
"communism's Russian root"

{n: biceps} any skeletal muscle having two origins (but especially the muscle that flexes the forearm)

{n: big bang} (cosmology) the cosmic explosion that is hypothesized to have marked the origin of the universe

{n: birthplace, cradle, place of origin, provenance, provenience} where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence
"the birthplace of civilization"

{n: black bee, German bee} dark-colored ill-tempered honeybee supposedly of German origin

{n: blood relation, blood relative, cognate, sib} one related by blood or origin; especially on sharing an ancestor with another

{n: bloodhound, sleuthhound} a breed of large powerful hound of European origin having very acute smell and used in tracking

{n: bola} a rope with weights attached to the ends; is thrown to entangle the legs of an animal; of South American origin

{n: bolo, bolo knife} long heavy knife with a single edge; of Philippine origin

{n: boulder, bowlder} a large smooth mass of rock detached from its place of origin

{n: camlet, camlet fabric} a fabric of Asian origin; originally made of silk and camel's hair

{n: cancan} a high-kicking dance of French origin performed by a female chorus line

{n: cardiomyopathy, myocardiopathy} a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle (myocardium)

{n: cartesian coordinate system} a coordinate system for which the coordinates of a point are its distances from a set perpendicular lines that intersect at the origin of the system

{n: cause} events that provide the generative force that is the origin of something
"they are trying to determine the cause of the crash"

{n: chondrite} a rock of meteoric origin containing chondrules

{n: connective tissue} tissue of mesodermal origin consisting of e.g. collagen fibroblasts and fatty cells; supports organs and fills spaces between them and forms tendons and ligaments

{n: cosmic ray} highly penetrating ionizing radiation of extraterrestrial origin; consisting chiefly of protons and alpha particles; collision with atmospheric particles results in rays and particles of many kinds

{n: cosmology, cosmogony, cosmogeny} the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe

{n: cosmology} the metaphysical study of the origin and nature of the universe

{n: cytogenesis, cytogeny} the origin and development and variation of cells

{n: dateline} a line at the beginning of a news article giving the date and place of origin of the news dispatch

{n: dementia, dementedness} mental deterioration of organic or functional origin

{n: departure time, time of departure} the time at which a public conveyance is scheduled to depart from a given point of origin

{n: derivation} the act of deriving something or obtaining something from a source or origin

{n: derivation} the source or origin from which something derives (i.e. comes or issues)
"he prefers shoes of Italian derivation"
"music of Turkish derivation"

{n: deriving, derivation, etymologizing} (historical linguistics) an explanation of the historical origins of a word or phrase

{n: endothelium} an epithelium of mesoblastic origin; a thin layer of flattened cells that lines the inside of some body cavities

{n: equal opportunity} the right to equivalent opportunities for employment regardless of race or color or sex or national origin

{n: ethnology} the branch of anthropology that deals with the division of humankind into races and with their origins and distribution and distinctive characteristics

{n: etymological dictionary} a dictionary giving the historical origins of each word

{n: evil, evilness} the quality of being morally wrong in principle or practice
"attempts to explain the origin of evil in the world"
<-> good, goodness

{n: fatherland, homeland, motherland, mother country, country of origin, native land} the country where you were born

{n: folk art} genre of art of unknown origin that reflects traditional values of a society

{n: fox grape, Vitis labrusca} native grape of northeastern United States; origin of many cultivated varieties e.g. Concord grapes

{n: germination} the origin of some development
"the germination of their discontent"

{n: glacial boulder} a boulder that has been carried by a glacier to a place far distant from its place of origin

{n: glove anesthesia} a mental disorder involving loss of sensitivity in the hand and wrist
"since no combination of nerves serve this area a glove anesthesia is clearly psychogenic in origin"

{n: griffon, Brussels griffon, Belgian griffon} breed of various very small compact wiry-coated dogs of Belgian origin having a short bearded muzzle

{n: guyot} a seamount of volcanic origin (especially in the Pacific Ocean)

{n: higher criticism} the scientific study of biblical writings to determine their origin and meaning

{n: homophony} the same pronunciation for words of different origins

{n: hybrid} a composite of mixed origin
"the vice-presidency is a hybrid of administrative and legislative offices"

{n: landmark} an anatomical structure used as a point of origin in locating other anatomical structures (as in surgery) or as point from which measurements can be taken

{n: lineage, line, line of descent, descent, bloodline, blood line, blood, pedigree, ancestry, origin, parentage, stemma, stock} the descendants of one individual
"his entire lineage has been warriors"

{n: logarithmic scale} scale on which actual distances from the origin are proportional to the logarithms of the corresponding scale numbers

{n: macumba} a Brazilian religious cult of African origin; combines voodoo elements with singing a chanting and dancing

{n: microglia} neuroglial tissue of mesodermal origin that can become phagocytic

{n: monte, four-card monte, three-card monte} a gambling card game of Spanish origin; 3 or 4 cards are dealt face up and players bet that one of the will be matched before the others as the cards are dealt from the pack one at a time

{n: muscadine, Vitis rotundifolia} native grape of southeastern United States; origin of many cultivated varieties

{n: myoclonus epilepsy, Lafora's disease} epilepsy characterized by clonus of muscle groups and progressive mental deterioration and genetic origin

{n: nationality} people having common origins or traditions and often comprising a nation
"immigrants of the same nationality often seek each other out"
"such images define their sense of nationality"

{n: nativeness} the quality of belonging to or being connected with a certain place or region by virtue of birth or origin
<-> foreignness

{n: neencephalon, neoencephalon} the part of the brain having the most recent phylogenetic origin; the cerebral cortex and related parts

{n: obeah, obi} a religious belief of African origin involving witchcraft and sorcery; practiced in parts of the West Indies and tropical Americas

{n: old country} the country of origin of an immigrant

{n: onomastics} the branch of lexicology that studies the forms and origins of proper names

{n: origin, descent, extraction} properties attributable to your ancestry
"he comes from good origins"

{n: origin, origination, inception} an event that is a beginning; a first part or stage of subsequent events

{n: origin} the point of intersection of coordinate axes; where the values of the coordinates are all zero

{n: painted daisy, pyrethrum, Tanacetum coccineum, Chrysanthemum coccineum} spring-flowering garden perennial of Asiatic origin having finely divided aromatic leaves and white to pink-purple flowers; source of an insecticide; sometimes placed in genus Chrysanthemum

{n: paleobiology, palaeobiology} a branch of paleontology that deals with the origin and growth and structure of fossil animals and plants as living organisms

{n: petrology, lithology} the branch of geology that studies rocks: their origin and formation and mineral composition and classification

{n: pointer, Spanish pointer} a strong slender smooth-haired dog of Spanish origin having a white coat with brown or black patches; scents out and points game

{n: positivist, rationalist} someone who emphasizes observable facts and excludes metaphysical speculation about origins or ultimate causes

{n: protology} the study of origins and first things
"To Christians, protology refers to God's fundamental purpose for humanity"

{n: psychogenesis} a general term for the origin and development of almost any aspect of the mind

{n: pug, pug-dog} small compact smooth-coated breed of Asiatic origin having a tightly curled tail and broad flat wrinkled muzzle

{n: radius vector} a line connecting a point in space to the origin of a polar coordinate system

{n: rain stick} a percussion instrument that is made from a dried cactus branch that is hollowed out and filled with small pebbles and capped at both ends; makes the sound of falling rain when tilted; origin was in Chile where tribesmen used it in ceremonies to bring rain

{n: repatriate} a person who has returned to the country of origin or whose citizenship has been restored

{n: repatriation} the act of returning to the country of origin

{n: river boulder} a boulder that has been carried by a river to a place remote from its place of origin

{n: rotation} (mathematics) a transformation in which the coordinate axes are rotated by a fixed angle about the origin

{n: samosa} small turnover of Indian origin filled with vegetables or meat and fried and served hot

{n: scablands} (geology) flat elevated land with poor soil and little vegetation that is scarred by dry channels of glacial origin (especially in eastern Washington)

{n: second moment} the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from the point of origin

{n: shore boulder} a boulder found on a shore remote from its place of origin

{n: soapwort, hedge pink, bouncing Bet, bouncing Bess, Saponaria officinalis} plant of European origin having pink or white flowers and leaves yielding a detergent when bruised

{n: spice} aromatic substances of vegetable origin used as a preservative

{n: steel drum} a concave percussion instrument made from the metal top of an oil drum; has an array of flattened areas that produce different tones when struck (of Caribbean origin)

{n: tam, tam-o'-shanter, tammy} a woolen cap of Scottish origin

{n: tango} a ballroom dance of Latin-American origin

{n: tannin, tannic acid} any of various complex phenolic substances of plant origin; used in tanning and in medicine

{n: taxonomist, taxonomer, systematist} a biologist who specializes in the classification of organisms into groups on the basis of their structure and origin and behavior

{n: taxonomy} a classification of organisms into groups based on similarities of structure or origin etc

{n: theogony} the study of the origins and genealogy of the gods

{n: theory of evolution, theory of organic evolution, evolutionism} (biology) a scientific theory of the origin of species of plants and animals

{n: thorn} a Germanic character of runic origin

{n: thrombus} a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin

{n: translation} (mathematics) a transformation in which the origin of the coordinate system is moved to another position but the direction of each axis remains the same

{n: triceps brachii, musculus triceps brachii} the skeletal muscle having three origins that extends the forearm when it contracts

{n: triceps} any skeletal muscle having three origins (but especially the triceps brachii)

{n: trypsin} an enzyme of pancreatic origin; catalyzes the hydrolysis of proteins to smaller polypeptide units

{n: unidentified flying object, UFO, flying saucer} an (apparently) flying object whose nature is unknown; especially those considered to have extraterrestrial origins

{n: vin ordinaire} cheap French table wine of unspecified origin

{n: vintage, time of origin} the oldness of wines

{n: wax} any of various substances of either mineral origin or plant or animal origin; they are solid at normal temperatures and insoluble in water

{n: xenolith} (geology) a piece of rock of different origin from the igneous rock in which it is embedded

{n: zombi, zombie, snake god} a god of voodoo cults of African origin worshipped especially in West Indies

{v: derive, come, descend} come from ; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example
"She was descended from an old Italian noble family"
"he comes from humble origins"

{v: sensualize, carnalize} ascribe to an origin in sensation

{v: shroud, enshroud, hide, cover} cover as if with a shroud
"The origins of this civilization are shrouded in mystery"

{v: source} specify the origin of
"The writer carefully sourced her report"

The Origin of Life and Future of Humans

Hutchison Whampoa has origins dating back to the 1800s.
哈奇森·惠姆波公司的起家要追溯到 19世纪。

The same kind of young men, from the same area and from similar humble origins, migrated to Hawaii in those days.

Hooper re-creates the early days of polio-vaccine research and tells the story of HIV's origins. It begins to fail when it hits Africa.

With new discoveries making the origin of these groups ever more remote, he adds, " any find dating to this period is clearly very crucial. "

We would need to comprehend thoroughly their adaptive origins in order to understand how badly they guide us now.

I do not mean that one can adequately explain the eloquence of her work in terms of its political origins, or that left-wing politics were the single most important influence on it.

Adequate three-dimensional images of intact pillows are essential for defining the true geometry of pillowed flows and thus ascertaining their mode of origin.

Since most orb weavers belong either to the Araneidae or the Uloboridae families, the origin of the orb web can be determined only by ascertaining whether the families are related.

Theorists are divided concerning the origin of the Moon.

Furthermore, the ideological origins of feminism in the United States have been obscured because, even when historians did take into account those feminist ideas and activities occurring within the United States, they failed to recognize that feminism was then a truly international movement actually centered in Europe.

Thus, a complete understanding of the origins and development of nineteenth-century feminism in the United States requires that the geographical focus be widened to include Europe and that the detailed study already made of social conditions be expanded to include the ideological development of feminism.

These igneous meteorites are known as achondrites because they lack chondrules—small stony spherules found in the thousands of meteorites (called "chondrites") composed primarily of unaltered minerals that condensed from dust and gas at the origin of the solar system.

In order to account for such an unlikely source, some unusual factor must be invoked, because the impact needed to accelerate a fragment of rock to escape the gravitational field of a body even as small as the Moon is so great that no meteorites of lunar origin have been discovered.

The great objection to the Martian origin of shergottites is the absence of lunar meteorites on Earth.

"The ban of advertising so as not to promote smoking propaganda, publicity, sponsorship and promotion," said Vera Luiza da Costa e Silva. "Measures to raise taxes and prices. One of the most important measures that I can describe is the measure that addresses smuggling, which is a big cause of increasing availability of cigarettes with small prices and cigarettes of totally unknown origin."

The tremendous power of the event suggests a novel solution to a long-standing astronomical mystery. Scientists want to know the origins of the strange phenomenon of brief gamma ray bursts observed hundreds of times over recent decades. They say these short-duration flashes emit gamma rays in the same way the neutron star did in December and that such stars could explain a large number of the occurrences.
这次事件的巨大能量甚至可以认为是长期存在的天文学之迷的一种离奇解释。科学家们想知道伽马射线短暂爆发这种奇特现象的起源,在最近的几十年里他们观测到了几百次这种现象。他们表示这些短暂的闪亮和12月的中子星释放伽玛射线的道理是一样的。 这些恒星可以解释以前发生的一些现象。

Secretary Abraham was in Vienna for a conference on combating nuclear smuggling. He said the United States supports a project, together with Russia and the IAEA, to return spent fuel from old reactors to the country of origin.

C.O (certificate of origin)一般原产地证

C/O 产地证 Certificate of Origin

C/O;c.o. Certificate of origin 产地证明书

产地证明书 Certificate of Origin
1.Certificate of origin of China showing 中国产地证明书 stating 证明 evidencing 列明 specifying 说明 indicating 表明 declaration of 声明
2.Certificate of Chinese origin 中国产地证明书
3.Certificate of origin shipment of goods of … origin prohibited 产地证,不允许装运……的产品
4.Declaration of origin 产地证明书(产地生明)
5.Certificate of origin separated 单独出具的产地证
6.Certificate of origin “form A” “格式A”产地证明书
7.Generalised system of preference certificate of origin form “A” 普惠制格式“A”产地证明书

Certificate customs invoice on form 59A combined certificate of value and origin for developing countries

Combined certificate of value and Chinese origin

Dairy produce; birds' eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere sp

Edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included

Other edible products of animal origin, nes

Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included

Natural sponges of animal origin

Natural sponges of animal origin

Substances of human or animal origin, for therapeutic uses,nes

Tanning extracts of vegetable origin; tannins and their salts, ethers, esters and other deriv

Other tanning extracts of vegetable origin, nes

Tannins and their derivatives of vegetable origin, nes

Colouring matter of vegetable or animal origin ( including dyeing extracts but excluding anim

Other colouring matter of vegetable origin, & preps, nes

Colouring matter of animal origin, & prep.s

Isinglass; other glues of animal origin

Organic tanning extracts of animal origin

Organic tanning extracts of vegetable origin

Diarrhoea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin
Note: In countries where any term listed in A09 without further
specification can be assumed to be of noninfectious origin, the condition should be
classified to K52.9.
Catarrh, enteric or intestinal
Colitis-NOS haemorrhagic septic
Enteritis-NOS haemorrhagic septic
Gastroenteritis-NOS haemorrhagic septic
Infectious diarrhoeal disease NOS
Excludes: due to bacterial, protozoal, viral and other specified infectious agents
noninfective diarrhoea (K52.9)
.neonatal (P78.3)
注 : 在任何国家列於 A09 而无更进一步明示之非感染
性腹泻及胃肠炎 , 应归类於 K52.9 。
大肠炎 - 其他未明示的出血性败血性
肠炎 - 其他未明示的出血性败血性
胃肠炎 - 其他未明示的出血性败血性
腹泻 :
. 其他未明示者
. 痢疾性
. 流行性
不包含 : 细菌性、原虫性、病毒性和其他明示的感
染原所致 ( A00-A08 )
非感染性腹泻 ( K52.9 )
. 新生儿的 ( P78.3 )

Malignant neoplasms overlapping site boundaries and the use of
subcategory.8 (overlapping lesion)
Categories C00-C75 classify primary malignant neoplasms according to their point of
origin. Many three-character categories are further divided into named parts or
subcategories of the organ in question. A neoplasm that overlaps two or more contiguous
sites within a three- character category and whose point of origin cannot be determined
should be classified to the subcategory.8 ("overlapping lesion"), unless the
combination is specifically indexed elsewhere. For example, carcinoma of oesophagus and
stomach is specifically indexed to C16.0 (cardia), while carcinoma of the tip and ventral
surface of the tongue should be assigned to C02.8. On the other hand, carcinoma of the tip
of the tongue extending to involve the ventral surface should be coded to C02.1 as the
point of origin, the tip, is known. "Overlapping" implies that the sites
involved are contiguous (next to each other). Numerically consecutive subcategories are
frequently anatomically contiguous, but this is not invariably so (e.g. bladder C67.-) and
the coder may need to consult anatomical texts to determine the topographical
Sometimes a neoplasm overlaps the boundaries of three-character categories within certain
systems. To take care of this the following subcategories have been designated:
恶性肿瘤的位置重叠 , 以及次类别 .8 ( 重叠性病灶 )
C00-C75 类别是根据原发部位来归类原发性恶性肿瘤 ,
, 在叁码分类内一个肿瘤如果跨越一个以上相邻部
位且原发部位不明者可归类於次分类 . 8 , 此重叠区
已在其他地方有特殊归类则不在此限。例如 : 食道
和胃癌是明示在 C16.0 ( 贲门部 ) , 而舌尖和舌腹面癌
, 被定为 C02.8 , 当原发部位已知为舌尖 , 舌尖癌扩展
至舌腹面 , 必须登录为 C02.1 , 重叠性意为侵犯的部位
是连接的 ( 至另一邻近部位 ) 而连续的数字类别在
解剖学上常常是连续的 , 这是会变化的 ( 如 : 膀胱 (
C67.- ) ) 登录者需要查解剖书来决定局部解剖的关系

在一些系统里有时肿瘤在叁特质类别范围有重叠 ,
为了收录这些特性而有下列的次类别命名 :

Overlapping lesion of tongue [See note 5 on page 182]
Malignant neoplasm of tongue whose point of origin cannot be classified to any one of the
categories C01-C02.4
舌的重叠性病灶〔请参考第 182 页第 5 注解〕
舌恶性肿瘤 , 其原发点无法归类於 C01-C02.4。

Overlapping lesion of major salivary glands [See note 5 on page 182]
Malignant neoplasm of major salivary glands whose point of origin cannot be classified to
any one of the categories C07-C08.1

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