英语学习词典
  

organizations

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organization [ ɔ:gənai'zeiʃən] n.组织;团体,机构

organization [7ɔ:gənai'zeiʃən] 组织

organization [ɔ:gənai'zeiʃən] 组织

巴解 the Palestinian Liberation Organization

北约 NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

党政机关 Party and government organizations

挂靠户 an adjunct organization

国际劳工组织 ILO (International Labor Organization)

国际标准化组织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization)

国际禁止化学武器组织 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW)

黑社会 Mafia-style organizations; gangland

基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level

机构臃肿 overstaffing in organizations (government)

联合国粮农组织 FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation)

上海合作组织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

ITV International Standards Organization 国际标准化组织

ISO International organization for Standardization 国际标准化组织

Recommended Practice in Emergency Service Organization Risk Management
应急服务组织危险管理的推荐操作

Standard for the Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations, and Special Operations to the Public by Career Fire Departments
专业消防部门消防行动、紧急医疗事故处理和特别行动的组织和部署标准

Standard for the Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations and Special Operations to the Public by Volunteer Fire Departments
志愿消防部门消防行动、紧急医疗事故处理和特别行动的组织和部署标准

commissary in charge of studies 学习委员
commissary in charge of entertainment 文娱委员
commissary in charge of sports 体育委员
commissary in charge of physical labor 劳动委员
Party branch secretary 党支部书记
League branch secretary 团支部书记
commissary in charge of organization 组织委员
commissary in charge of publicity 宣传委员

国际劳工组织 International Labor Organization

非正式组织 informal organization

组织发展 organization development,OD

commissary in charge of organization 组织委员

customer organization of sales force 按客户组织销售队伍

functional organization of sales force 按销售职能组织销售队伍

geographical organization of sales force 按地区组织销售队伍

health maintenance organizations (HMOs) (美国)卫生保健组织

non-profit organization 非盈利组织

OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) 欧佩克(石油输出国组织)

organization area audit 组织领域的审计

organization buying center 组织采购中心

perceptual organization 感知组织

private/for-profit organization 私营/盈利性组织

product(ion)-oriented organization 产品/生产导向型组织

public organization 公共组织

sales organization 销售组织

service organization 服务组织

the Council of American Survey Research Organization 美国调查研究组织委员会

世界贸易组织《WTO》 World Trade Organization

  世界知识产权组织《WIPO》 World Intellectual Property Organization

  法语非洲知识产权组织 Organization Of African Intellectual Property

艾滋病服务组织 AIDS service organization (ASO)

AIDS service organization (ASO) 艾滋病服务组织

Agreement on Government Procurement [World Trade Organization]
《政府采购协定》〔世界贸易组织〕

district organization 区域组织

Joint Association of People's Organizations for Promotion of Democracy 民间团体促进民主政制联会

launching ceremony [political organizations] 誓师大会〔政治团体〕

political organization 政治组织;政治团体

representative organization 代表团体

计算机系统结构 Computer Systems Organization

中央组织部 Organization Department, CCCPC

阿拉伯联盟教科文组织 Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO)

阿拉伯石油输出国组织 Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC)

安第斯条约组织 Andean Pact Organization (APO); Pacto Andino (PA)

北大西洋公约组织(北约) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

北太平洋海洋科学组织 North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES)

朝鲜半岛能源开发组织 Korea Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO)

东加勒比组织 Organization of the Eastern Caribbean States

东盟各国议会组织 ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Organization

泛非妇女组织 Organization Panafricaine des Femmes (OPF); Pan-African Women’s Organization (PAWO)

非洲统一组织(非统组织) Organization of African Unity (OAU)

国际标准化知识 International Standardization Organization (ISO)

国际雇主知识 International Organization of Employers (IOE)

国际海道测量知识 International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)

国际海事卫星知识 International Maritime Satellite Organization (INMARSAT)

国际毛纺知识 International Wool Textile Organization (IWTO)

国际难民知识 International Refugee Organization (IRO)

国际通讯卫星知识 International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT)

国际刑警组织 International Criminal Police Organization (INERPOL; ICPO)

国际移民组织 International Organization for Migration (IOM)

经济合作与发展组织(经合组织) organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

拉丁美洲和加勒比禁止核武器组织 Organization for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean

拉丁美洲能源组织 Latin American Energy Organization (OLAE)

美洲国际组织 Organization of American States (OAS)

欧洲安全与合作组织(欧安组织,原欧洲安全与合作会议) Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE, formerly known as Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe)

欧洲经济合作组织 Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC)

区域合作发展组织 Regional Cooperation Organization for Development (RCOD)

石油输出国组织(欧佩克) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

世界残疾人组织理事会 Council of World Organizations Interested in the Handicapped (CWOIH)

世界海关组织 World Customs Organization

世界旅游组织 World Tourism Organization (WTO)

世界贸易组织 World Trade Organization (WTO)

世界幼儿教育组织 World Organization for Early Children’s Education

亚非拉人民团结组织 Organization of Solidarity of the Peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America (OSPAALA)

亚非人民团结组织 Afro-Asian People’s Solidarity Organization (AAPSO)

亚洲生产力组织 Asian Productivity Organization

亚洲-太平洋通讯社组织 Organization of Asia-Pacific News Agencies (OANA)

伊斯兰会议组织 Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)

中美洲国家组织 Organization of Central American States

Re-organization, association, merger, joint 改组,联合,兼并,股份合作制

administrative organization 行政机构

functional organization 职能机构

matrix organization 矩阵组织结构

Organization 机构,组织

World Trade Organization(WTO) 世界贸易组织

Several programs have been delayed by poor organization.
几个项目由于组织不力而被耽搁。

I think the organization of the book is not good.
我认为这本书的结构安排不好。

They have improved their organization and fighting capacity.
他们提高了自己的组织能力和战斗力。

The Royal Institution is an organization for scientists in England.
皇家学会是英国科学家的团体。

If it were to reveal its secrets, that organization would collapse in shame.
如果机密被揭露, 那家机构就会不体面地倒闭。

You think he should make a positive career move outside this organization — in other words you think he should leave.
你认为他应该在这个机构外另谋发展——换句话说,你希望他走人。

A commissioner is an important official in a government department or other organizations.
专员是政府部门或其他组织里的要员。

There are several steps that can be taken, of which the chief one is to demand of all the organizations that exist with the declared objectives of safeguarding the interests of animals that they should declare clearly where they stand on violence towards people.
有几项措施可以采取,其中主要的是要所有宣布以保护动物利益为目标的组织都明确宣布他们对于人类所受到的暴力袭击表决坚定的立场、

He seldom ignores that many potential votes, and it did not escape the notice of congressmen that these Negro organizations, some of which had almost as much trouble getting out a crowd as the Washington Senators several years ago, were now capable of organizing the largest demonstrating throng ever gathered at one spot in the District of Columbia..
他很少忽略许多潜在的选票,许多黑人组织也没有逃过议员们的眼睛,几年前还像高级议员一样很难冲出人群的黑人组织现在已经能够组织哥伦比亚区最大的群众集会了。

A Hi! Good to meet you. I believe we work in the same business area.
A 你好!很高兴见到你。我想我们是同行。
B Yes, so I understand. How did you get into the IT business?
B 是的,我也这样理解。你是怎么进入IT行业的?
A I got interested in computers at university I guess.
A 我想我上大学的时候就对电脑感兴趣。
B It was the same for me. It seemed an interesting field to be in.
B 我也是。电脑业似乎是个有趣的领域。
A Yes, every organization needs IT.
A 是的,每个机构都需要IT.。
B I agree. It’s a very good area for work. Lots of opportunities.
B 我同意。这是一个很好的领域。有很多的机会。

Politics, as a pracitice, whatever its professions , has always been the systematic organization of hatreds.
Adams Henry, American historian
政治作为一种实践,不管它如何表白,始终是有条不紊的煸动仇恨的组织。
美国历史学家享利.A.

- give someone the shirt off one's back 为某人慷慨解囊,毫不吝啬的接济某人
He works in the charity organization and strongly believes that he who gives others the shirt off his back will be blessed by the God.

八旗 [bā qí] /the "Eight Banners" (military organization in Qing Dynasty)/

摆摊子 [bǎi tān zǐ] /set up a stall/maintain a large staff and organization/

北大西洋公约组织 [běi dà xī yáng gōng yuē zǔ zhī] /the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)/

便函 [biàn hán] /an informal letter sent by an organization/

标准组织 [biāo zhǔn zǔ zhī] /standards organization/standards body/

补助组织 [bǔ zhù zǔ zhī] /auxiliary organizations/

采购 [cǎi gòu] /make purchases for an organization or enterprise/purchase/

非盈利的组织 [fēi yíng lì de zǔ zhī] /non-profit organization/

非政府组织 [fēi zhèng fǔ zǔ zhī] /non-governmental organization (NGO)/

国际标准组织 [guó jì biāo zhǔn zǔ zhī] /International Standards Organization/ISO/

国际民间组织 [guó jì mín jiān zǔ zhī] /international humanitarian organization/

红新月会 [hóng xīn yuè huì] /Red Crescent (humanitarian organization)/

机构 [jī gòu] /organization/agency/institution/

基金会 [jī jīn huì] /a foundation (i.e., an organization)/

教学机构 [jiào xué jī gòu] /educational organization/

接纳 [jiē nà] /admit (into membership of an organization)/

俱乐部 [jù lè bù] /club (i.e. a group or organization)/

贸易组织 [mào yì zǔ zhī] /trade organization/

民间组织 [mín jiān zǔ zhī] /humanitarian organization/

名称 [míng chēng] /name (of a thing)/name (of an organization)/

欧佩克 [ōu pèi kè] /OPEC/Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries/

欧洲安全与合作组织 [ōu zhōu ān quán yǔ hé zuò zǔ zhī] /Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)/

人权观察 [rén quán guān chá] /Human Rights Watch (organization)/

商业机构 [shāng yè jī gòu] /commercial organization/

世界贸易组织 [shì jiè mào yì zǔ zhī] /WTO (World Trade Organization)/

世界气象组织 [shì jiè qì xiàng zǔ zhī] /World Meteorological Organization/WMO/

世界卫生组织 [shì jiè wèi shēng zǔ zhī] /World Health Organization/

世贸组织 [shì mào zǔ zhī] /WTO (World Trade Organization)/

世卫 [shì wèi] /World Health Organization/WHO/

体制 [tǐ zhì] /system/organization/

团体 [tuán tǐ] /group/organization/team/

亚太经合组织 [yà tài jīng hé zǔ zhī] /APEC (organization)/

严密 [yán mì] /strict/tight (organization, surveillance, etc.)/

政府机构 [zhèng fǔ jī gòu] /government organization/

政治机构 [zhèng zhì jī gòu] /political organization/

自律性组织 [zì lǜ xìng zǔ zhī] /Self-Regulation Organization/SRO/

组织 [zǔ zhī] /organization/

Why do so many Americans distrust what they read in their newspapers?
为什么那么多美国人不相信自己在报纸上看到的东西?
The American Society of Newspaper Editors is trying to answer this painful question.
美国新闻编辑协会正试图回答这个痛苦的问题。
The organization is deep into a long self-analysis known as the journalism credibility project.
该组织正深深陷入一个长期的自我剖析过程,即新闻可信度调查项目。

Today there are many charitable organizations which specialize in helping the weary traveler.
如今,有了很多的慈善组织专门帮助疲惫的旅行者。

{adj: active, participating} taking part in an activity
"an active member of the club"
"he was politically active"
"the participating organizations"

{adj: cellular} characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization)
"the cellular construction of a beehive"
"any effective opposition to a totalitarian regime must be secretive and cellular"
<-> noncellular

{adj: chaotic, helter-skelter} lacking a visible order or organization

{adj: cohesive} cohering or tending to cohere; well integrated
"a cohesive organization"

{adj: dead, defunct} no longer in force or use; inactive
"a defunct (or dead) law"
"a defunct organization"

{adj: derived} formed or developed from something else; not original
"the belief that classes and organizations are secondary and derived"- John Dewey
<-> underived

{adj: diffuse} spread out; not concentrated in one place
"a large diffuse organization"

{adj: informal, loose} not officially recognized or controlled
"an informal agreement"
"a loose organization of the local farmers"

{adj: inner} exclusive to a center; especially a center of influence
"inner regions of the organization"
"inner circles of government"

{adj: integrated, structured} resembling a living organism in organization or development
"society as an integrated whole"

{adj: internecine} (of conflict) within a group or organization
"an internecine feud among proxy holders"

{adj: molecular} relating to simple or elementary organization
"proceed by more and more detailed analysis to the molecular facts of perception"--G.A. Miller
<-> molar

{adj: nontaxable, exempt} (of goods or funds) not subject to taxation
"the funds of nonprofit organizations are nontaxable"
"income exempt from taxation"
<-> taxable

{adj: organizational, organisational} of or relating to an organization
"organizational structure"

{adj: patriarchal} characteristic of a form of social organization in which the male is the family head and title is traced through the male line
<-> matriarchal

{adj: professional} of or relating to or suitable as a profession
"professional organizations"
"a professional field such as law"

{adj: tight-knit, tightly knit} closely and firmly integrated
"a tight-knit organization"

{adj: umbrella} covering or applying simultaneously to a number of similar items or elements or groups
"an umbrella organization"
"umbrella insurance coverage"

{adj: uncoordinated} lacking in cooperative planning and organization
"uncoordinated scheduling often resulted in conflicting games"

{adj: unstructured} lacking definite structure or organization
"an unstructured situation with no one in authority"
"a neighborhood gang with a relatively unstructured system"
"children in an unstructured environment often feel insecure"
"unstructured inkblots"
<-> structured

{adj: unsystematic} lacking systematic arrangement or method or organization
"unsystematic and fragmentary records"
"he works in an unsystematic manner"
<-> systematic

{adj: well-conducted} characterized by good organization and control
"a well-conducted meeting"

{adj: white, lily-white} restricted to whites only
"under segregation there were even white restrooms and white drinking fountains"
"a lily-white movement which would expel Negroes from the organization"

{adv: organizationally} with regard to organization
"organizationally, the conference was a disaster!"

{adv: structurally} with respect to structure
"structurally, the organization is healthy"

{adv: underground} in or into hiding or secret operation
"the organization was driven underground"

{n: 15 May Organization} a terrorist organization formed in 1979 by a faction of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine but disbanded in the 1980s when key members left to join a faction of al-Fatah

{n: A-team} a group of elite soldiers or a leadership group of advisors or workers in an organization

{n: Al Nathir} a Palestinian terrorist organization formed in 2002 and linked to Fatah movement of Yasser Arafat

{n: Alcoholics Anonymous, AA} an international organization that provides a support group for persons trying to overcome alcoholism

{n: American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, AFL-CIO} the largest federation of North American labor unions; formed in 1955

{n: American Federation of Labor, AFL} a federation of North American labor unions that merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955

{n: American Legion} the largest organization of United States war veterans

{n: Arab League} an international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperation

{n: Arafat, Yasser Arafat} Palestinian statesman who was chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (1929-2004)

{n: Armata Corsa, Corsican Army} a terrorist organization founded in 1999 to oppose the link between nationalists and the Corsican mafia
"the attacks of Armata Corsa are aimed at symbolic targets of colonialism in Corsica"

{n: Armed Islamic Group, GIA} a terrorist organization of Islamic extremists whose violent activities began in 1992; aims to overthrow the secular Algerian regime and replace it with an Islamic state
"the GIA has embarked on a terrorist campaign of civilian massacres"

{n: Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia, ASALA, Orly Group, 3rd October Organization} a militant Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization formed in 1975 to force Turkey to acknowledge killing more than a million Armenians and forcibly removing them from border areas in 1915; wants Turkey to pay reparations and cede territory to Armenia
"ASALA bombing at Orly Airport in Paris in 1983 killed 8 and wounded 55 people"

{n: Army for the Liberation of Rwanda, ALIR, Former Armed Forces, FAR, Interahamwe} a terrorist organization that seeks to overthrow the government dominated by Tutsi and to institute Hutu control again
"in 1999 ALIR guerrillas kidnapped and killed eight foreign tourists"

{n: Aum Shinrikyo, Aum, Supreme Truth} a terrorist organization whose goal is to take over Japan and then the world; based on a religion founded in 1987 that combines elements of Buddhism with Christianity
"in 1995 Aum members released deadly sarin gas on a Tokyo subway train"

{n: Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, BMDO} an agency in the Department of Defense that is responsible for making ballistic missile defense a reality

{n: Basque Homeland and Freedom, Basque Fatherland and Liberty, Euskadi ta Askatasuna, ETA} a terrorist organization organized in 1959 by student activists who were dissatisfied with the moderate nationalism of the traditional Basque party; want to create on independent homeland in Spain's western Pyrenees
"in 1968 ETA launched a campaign of political assassinations of government officials"

{n: Belgium, Kingdom of Belgium, Belgique} a monarchy in northwestern Europe; headquarters for the European Union and for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

{n: Black September Movement} a former Palestinian terrorist organization (now merged with Fatah Revolutionary Council) that assassinated the Prime Minister of Jordan and during the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich killed 11 Israeli athletes

{n: Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgian capital, capital of Belgium} the capital and largest city of Belgium; seat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

{n: Cali cartel} a drug cartel that seized control of cocaine production in Colombia in 1993; adopted techniques used by terrorist organizations (small cells and sophisticated communications equipment and close ties with politicians etc.)

{n: Committee for State Security, KGB, Soviet KGB} formerly the predominant security police organization of Soviet Russia

{n: Congress of Industrial Organizations, CIO} a federation of North American industrial unions that merged with the American Federation of Labor in 1955

{n: Congress of Racial Equality, CORE} an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality

{n: Continuity Irish Republican Army, CIRA, Continuity Army Council} a terrorist organization formed in Ireland in 1994 as a clandestine armed wing of Sinn Fein

{n: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, DARPA} the central research and development organization for the United States Department of Defense; responsible for developing new surveillance technologies since 9/11

{n: Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service, DRMS} the organization in the Defense Logistics Agency that inventories and evaluates and sells reusable United States government surplus

{n: Drug Enforcement Administration, Drug Enforcement Agency, DEA} federal agency responsible for enforcing laws and regulations governing narcotics and controlled substances; goal is to immobilize drug trafficking organizations

{n: European Union, EU, European Community, EC, European Economic Community, EEC, Common Market, Europe} an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
"he took Britain into Europe"

{n: Europol, European Law Enforcement Organisation} police organization for the European Union; aims to improve effectiveness and cooperation among European police forces

{n: Fatah Revolutionary Council, Fatah-RC, Abu Nidal Organization, ANO, Arab Revolutionary Brigades, Black September, Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims} a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries
"in the 1980s the Fatah-RC was considered the most dangerous and murderous Palestinian terror group"

{n: Federal Protective Service, FPS} an agency in the General Services Administration that is a security organization to provide a safe environment where Federal agencies can conduct their business

{n: Food and Agriculture Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO} the United Nations agency concerned with the international organization of food and agriculture

{n: Friedan, Betty Friedan, Betty Naomi Friedan} United States feminist who founded a national organization for women (born in 1921)

{n: Geneva, Geneve, Genf} a city in southwestern Switzerland at the western end of Lake Geneva; it is the headquarters of various international organizations

{n: Gestalt law of organization, Gestalt principle of organization} a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization

{n: Girl Scouts} an organization of young women and girls founded in 1912 for character development and citizenship training

{n: Green, William Green} United States labor leader who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1924 to 1952 and who led the struggle with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (1873-1952)

{n: Greenpeace} an international organization that works for environmental conservation and the preservation of endangered species

{n: Harkat-ul-Mujahidin, HUM, Harkat ul-Ansar, HUA, Harkat ul-Mujahedeen, Al Faran, Movement of Holy Warriors} an Islamic fundamentalist group in Pakistan that fought the Soviet Union in Afghanistan in the 1980s; now operates as a terrorist organization primarily in Kashmir and seeks Kashmir's accession by Pakistan

{n: Hizballah, Hezbollah, Hizbollah, Hizbullah, Lebanese Hizballah, Party of God, Islamic Jihad, Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine, Revolutionary Justice Organization, Organization of the Oppressed on Earth} a Shiite terrorist organization with strong ties to Iran; seeks to create an Iranian fundamentalist Islamic state in Lebanon; car bombs are the signature weapon

{n: Intelligence Community, National Intelligence Community, United States Intelligence Community, IC} a group of government agencies and organizations that carry out intelligence activities for the United States government; headed by the Director of Central Intelligence

{n: International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO} the United Nations agency concerned with civil aviation

{n: International Grandmaster} a chess player who has been awarded the highest title by an international chess organization

{n: International Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and Crusaders} a terrorist group organized by Osama bin Laden in 1998 that provided an umbrella organization for al-Qaeda and other militant groups in Egypt and Algeria and Pakistan and Bangladesh

{n: International Labor Organization, International Labour Organization, ILO} the United Nations agency concerned with the interests of labor

{n: International Maritime Organization, IMO} the United Nations agency concerned with international maritime activities

{n: International} any of several international socialist organizations

{n: Irish Republican Army, IRA, Provisional Irish Republican Army, Provisional IRA, Provos} a militant organization of Irish nationalists who used terrorism and guerilla warfare in an effort to drive British forces from Northern Ireland and achieve a united independent Ireland

{n: Islamic Great Eastern Raiders-Front, IBDA-C} a Turkish terrorist organization that claimed responsibility for bombing a British consulate and bank in Istanbul; a violent opponent of Turkey's secular government and its ties to the European Union and NATO

{n: Jaish-i-Mohammed, Jaish-e-Muhammad, JEM, Army of Muhammad} a terrorist organization founded in 2000; a militant Islamic group active in Kashmir and closely aligned with al-Rashid Trust; seeks to secure release of imprisoned fellow militants by kidnappings

{n: Kahane Chai, Kach} a terrorist organization founded for Jewish defense; fights antisemitism and hopes to restore the biblical state of Israel

{n: Khmer Rouge, KR, Party of Democratic Kampuchea, Communist Party of Kampuchea} a communist organization formed in Cambodia in 1970; became a terrorist organization in 1975 when it captured Phnom Penh and created a government that killed an estimated three million people; was defeated by Vietnamese troops but remained active until 1999

{n: Lashkar-e-Omar, Al Qanoon} a terrorist organization formed in Pakistan in 2002 as a coalition of extremist Islamic militant groups including Lashkar-e-Taiba and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Jaish-e-Muhammad and elements of al-Qaeda

{n: Laskar Jihad, Holy War Warriors} a paramilitary terrorist organization of militant Muslims in Indonesia; wages a jihad against Christians in Indonesia; subscribes to the Wahhabi creed of Islam

{n: League of Nations} an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations; although suggested by Woodrow Wilson, the United States never joined and it remained powerless; it was dissolved in 1946 after the United Nations was formed

{n: Lewis, John L. Lewis, John Llewelly Lewis} United States labor leader who was president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1920 to 1960 and president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations from 1935 to 1940 (1880-1969)

{n: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, LTTE, Tamil Tigers, Tigers, World Tamil Association, World Tamil Movement} a terrorist organization in Sri Lanka that began in 1970 as a student protest over the limited university access for Tamil students; currently seeks to establish an independent Tamil state called Eelam; relies on guerilla strategy including terrorist tactics that target key government and military personnel
"the Tamil Tigers perfected suicide bombing as a weapon of war"

{n: Mafia, Maffia, Sicilian Mafia} a secret terrorist group in Sicily; originally opposed tyranny but evolved into a criminal organization in the middle of the 19th century

{n: Maktab al-Khidmat, MAK} a terrorist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in the 1980s to provide money and recruit fighters around the world; enlisted and transported thousands of men to Afghanistan to fights the Russians; a split in the group led bin Laden and the extremist faction of MAK to form al-Qaeda

{n: Marine Corps Intelligence Activity, MCIA} an agency of the United States Marine Corps that provides responsive and broad intelligence support for the worldwide Marine Corps organization

{n: Markaz-ud-Dawa-wal-Irshad, MDI} a Sunni organization formed in 1989 and based in Pakistan; opposes missionary groups from the United States; has Lashkar-e-Tayyiba as its armed wing

{n: Militant Tendency} a Trotskyist political organization in Great Britain set up in 1964 inside the Labour Party

{n: Mujahidin-e Khalq Organization, MKO, MEK, People's Mujahidin of Iran} a terrorist organization formed in the 1960s by children of Iranian merchants; sought to counter the Shah of Iran's pro-Western policies of modernization and opposition to communism; following a philosophy that mixes Marxism and Islam it now attacks the Islamic fundamentalists who deposed the Shah

{n: National Liberation Army, ELN, Nestor Paz Zamora Commission, CNPZ} a terrorist organization in Bolivia that acts as an umbrella for numerous small indigenous subversive groups; a revival of a group with Marxist-Leninist ideologies originally established by Che Guevara in the 1960s

{n: National Security Agency, NSA} the United States cryptologic organization that coordinates and directs highly specialized activities to protect United States information systems and to produce foreign intelligence information

{n: National Trust, NT} an organization concerned to preserve historic monuments and buildings and places of historical interest or natural beauty; founded in 1895 and supported by endowment and private subscription

{n: New People's Army, NPA} a terrorist organization that is the militant wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines; a Maoist organization formed to overthrow the government; uses hit squads called Sparrow Units; opposes United States military presence in the Philippines

{n: North Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO} an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security

{n: Orange Order, Association of Orangemen} a Protestant political organization in Northern Ireland

{n: Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, OPCW} international organization for chemical disarmament; administers the Chemical Weapons Convention

{n: Organization of American States, OAS} an association of countries in the western hemisphere; created in 1948 to promote military and economic and social and cultural cooperation

{n: Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries, OPEC} an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum

{n: Palestine Liberation Organization, PLO} a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine; when formed in 1964 it was a terrorist organization dominated by Yasser Arafat's al-Fatah; in 1968 Arafat became chairman; received recognition by the United Nations and by Arab states in 1974 as a government in exile; has played a largely political role since the creation of the Palestine National Authority

{n: Pan American Union} the administrative agency of the Organization of American States

{n: Parkinson's law} C. Northcote Parkinson's cynical observation that the number of subordinates in an organization will increase linearly regardless of the amount of work to be done

{n: Peace Corps} a civilian organization sponsored by the United States government; helps people in developing countries

{n: People against Gangsterism and Drugs, PAGAD} a terrorist organization in South Africa formed in 1996 to fight drug lords; evolved into a vigilante group with anti Western views closely allied with Qibla; is believed to have ties to Islamic extremists in the Middle East; is suspected of conducting bouts of urban terrorism

{n: Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command, PFLP-GC} a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that conducted several attacks in western Europe

{n: Puka Inti, Sol Rojo, Red Sun} a small but violent terrorist organization formed in Ecuador in the early 1990s; responsible for bombing several government buildings

{n: Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, National Volunteers Association} a secret all-male organization begun in 1925 to foster nationalism in India's Hindus

{n: Red Army Faction, RAF} a Marxist and Maoist terrorist organization in Germany; a network of underground guerillas who committed acts of violence in the service of the class struggle; a successor to the Baader-Meinhof Gang; became one of Europe's most feared terrorist groups; disbanded in 1998

{n: Red Brigades, Brigate Rosse, BR} a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate Italy from NATO and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989

{n: Red Cross} an international organization that cares for the sick or wounded or homeless in wartime

{n: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarios de Colombia, FARC} a powerful and wealthy terrorist organization formed in 1957 as the guerilla arm of the Colombian communist party; opposed to the United States; has strong ties to drug dealers

{n: Revolutionary Organization 17 November, 17 November} a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization in Greece that is violently opposed to imperialism and capitalism and NATO and the United States; an active terrorist group during the 1980s

{n: Revolutionary People's Liberation Party, Revolutionary People's Liberation Front} an extreme Marxist terrorist organization in Turkey that is opposed to NATO and the United States; attacks Turkish security and military officials

{n: Rosicrucian} a member of any of various organizations that subsequently derived from the 17th-century society

{n: Salvation Army} a charitable and religious organization to evangelize and to care for the poor and homeless

{n: Shining Path, Sendero Luminoso, SL} a terrorist group formed in Peru in the late 1960s as a splinter group from the communist party of Peru; is among the most ruthless guerilla organizations in the world; seeks to destroy Peruvian institutions and replace them with a Maoist peasant regime; is involved in the cocaine trade
"Shining Path has been responsible for 30,000 deaths"

{n: Sipah-e-Sahaba} a vicious sectarian organization in Pakistan that persecutes Shiite Muslims and collaborates with al-Qaeda to attack foreigners and to disrupt the government of Pakistan

{n: Tammany Hall, Tammany Society, Tammany} a political organization within the Democratic Party in New York City (late 1800's and early 1900's) seeking political control by corruption and bossism

{n: Tareekh e Kasas, Movement for Revenge} an organization of Muslims in India who killed Hindus in September 2002; believed to have ties with Muslim terrorists in Pakistan

{n: Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement, Movimiento Revolucionario Tupac Anaru, MRTA} a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization in Peru; was formed in 1983 to overthrow the Peruvian government and replace it with a Marxist regime; has connections with the ELN in Bolivia

{n: Umma Tameer-e-Nau, UTN} a nongovernmental organization of Pakistani scientists that has been a supporter of terrorism; has provided information about chemical and biological and nuclear warfare to Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda and the Taliban

{n: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO} an agency of the United Nations that promotes education and communication and the arts

{n: United Nations, UN} an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security

{n: United Self-Defense Force of Colombia, United Self-Defense Group of Colombia, Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia, AUC} a terrorist organization in Colombia formed in 1997 as an umbrella for local and regional paramilitary groups; is financed by earnings from narcotics and serves to protect the economic interests of its members
"the AUC conducted over 800 assassinations in one year"

{n: Veterans of Foreign Wars, VFW} an organization of United States war veterans

{n: Wise, Isaac Mayer Wise} United States religious leader (born in Bohemia) who united reform Jewish organizations in the United States (1819-1900)

{n: World Council of Churches} an ecumenical organization of Protestant and eastern churches; intended to promote unity and cooperation in religious and secular matters

{n: World Health Organization, WHO} a United Nations agency to coordinate international health activities and to help governments improve health services

{n: World Meteorological Organization, WMO} the United Nations agency concerned with the international collection of meteorological data

{n: World Trade Organization, WTO} an international organization based in Geneva that monitors and enforces rules governing global trade

{n: action} an act by a government body or supranational organization
"recent federal action undermined the segregationist position"
"the United Nations must have the power to propose and organize action without being hobbled by irrelevant issues"
"the Union action of emancipating Southern slaves"

{n: address} the place where a person or organization can be found or communicated with

{n: adhocracy} an organization with little or no structure
"the choice between bureaucracy and adhocracy represents a common dilemma"
"the need for informational flexibility can lead to adhocracy"

{n: administration, governance, governing body, establishment, brass, organization, organisation} the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
"he claims that the present administration is corrupt"
"the governance of an association is responsible to its members"
"he quickly became recognized as a member of the establishment"

{n: administrivia} the tiresome but essential details that must be taken care of and tasks that must be performed in running an organization
"he sets policy and leaves all the administrivia to his assistant"

{n: affiliate} a subordinate or subsidiary associate; a person who is affiliated with another or with an organization

{n: affiliate} a subsidiary or subordinate organization that is affiliated with another organization
"network affiliates"

{n: agent} a representative who acts on behalf of other persons or organizations

{n: al Sunna Wal Jamma, Followers of the Phrophet} a resurgent Islamic fundamentalist organization based in Nigeria that is thought to be planning terrorist attacks

{n: al-Fatah, Fatah, al-Asifa} a Palestinian political and military organization founded by Yasser Arafat in 1958 to work toward the creation of a Palestinian state; during the 1960s and 1970s trained terrorist and insurgent groups
"al-Fatah carried out numerous acts of international terrorism in western Europe and the Middle East in the 1970s"

{n: al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya, Islamic Group} a terrorist organization of militant Islamists organized into tiny cells of extreme fundamentalists; emerged during the 1970s mainly in Egyptian jails
"al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya uses force to push Egyptian society toward Islamic rule"

{n: alliance, coalition, alignment, alinement} an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty
<-> nonalignment

{n: anti-racketeering law, Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, RICO Act, RICO} law intended to eradicate organized crime by establishing strong sanctions and forfeiture provisions

{n: army, regular army, ground forces} a permanent organization of the military land forces of a nation or state

{n: arrangement, organization, organisation, system} an organized structure for arranging or classifying
"he changed the arrangement of the topics"
"the facts were familiar but it was in the organization of them that he was original"
"he tried to understand their system of classification"

{n: association} a formal organization of people or groups of people
"he joined the Modern Language Association"

{n: auditor} a qualified accountant who inspects the accounting records and practices of a business or other organization

{n: beta test} (computer science) a second test of an experimental product (such as computer software) carried out by an outside organization

{n: black operation} a covert operation not attributable to the organization carrying it out

{n: blood} people viewed as members of a group
"we need more young blood in this organization"

{n: blue} any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are blue
"the Union army was a vast blue"

{n: bossism} domination of a political organization by a party boss

{n: boycott} a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies

{n: branch, subdivision, arm} an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization
"a branch of Congress"

{n: bureaucracy} any organization in which action is obstructed by insistence on unnecessary procedures and red tape

{n: bus line} an organization responsible for operating a bus transportation system

{n: business, concern, business concern, business organization, business organisation} a commercial or industrial enterprise and the people who constitute it
"he bought his brother's business"
"a small mom-and-pop business"
"a racially integrated business concern"

{n: centralism} the political policy of concentrating power in a central organization

{n: charter member} one of the original members when an organization was founded

{n: civil order, polity} the form of government of a social organization

{n: civilization, civilisation} a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)
"the people slowly progressed from barbarism to civilization"

{n: class structure} the organization of classes within a society

{n: closure, law of closure} a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive incomplete objects as complete and to close or fill gaps and to perceive asymmetric stimuli as symmetric

{n: collectivization, collectivisation} the organization of a nation or economy on the basis of collectivism

{n: committee, citizens committee} a self-constituted organization to promote something

{n: common fate, law of common fate} a Gestalt principle of organization holding that aspects of perceptual field that move or function in a similar manner will be perceived as a unit

{n: commonwealth} a world organization of autonomous states that are united in allegiance to a central power but are not subordinate to it or to one another

{n: communization, communisation} the organization of a nation of the basis of communism

{n: company, troupe} organization of performers and associated personnel (especially theatrical)
"the traveling company all stayed at the same hotel"

{n: computer architecture, architecture} (computer science) the structure and organization of a computer's hardware or system software
"the architecture of a computer's system software"

{n: confederation, confederacy, federation} a union of political organizations

{n: conglomerate, empire} a group of diverse companies under common ownership and run as a single organization

{n: constitution, establishment, formation, organization, organisation} the act of forming something
"the constitution of a PTA group last year"
"it was the establishment of his reputation"
"he still remembers the organization of the club"

{n: consulting firm, consulting company} a firm of experts providing professional advice to an organization for a fee

{n: counterintelligence} intelligence activities concerned with identifying and counteracting the threat to security posed by hostile intelligence organizations or by individuals engaged in espionage or sabotage or subversion or terrorism

{n: culture} the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
"the developing drug culture"
"the reason that the agency is doomed to inaction has something to do with the FBI culture"

{n: data structure} (computer science) the organization of data (and its storage allocations in a computer)

{n: data system, information system} system consisting of the network of all communication channels used within an organization

{n: defense, defence, defense force, defence force} an organization of defenders that provides resistance against attack
"he joined the defense against invasion"

{n: deliberate defense, deliberate defence} a defensive organized before contact is made with the enemy and while time for organization is available; usually includes a fortified zone (with pillboxes) and communication systems

{n: denomination} a group of religious congregations having its own organization and a distinctive faith

{n: department, section} a specialized division of a large organization
"you'll find it in the hardware department"
"she got a job in the historical section of the Treasury"

{n: detribalization, detribalisation} the decline or termination of tribal organization
<-> tribalisation, tribalization

{n: direct tax} a tax paid directly by the person or organization on whom it is levied

{n: domain name} strings of letters and numbers (separated by periods) that are used to name organizations and computers and addresses on the internet
"domain names are organized hierarchically with the more generic parts to the right"

{n: drug baron, drug lord} a person who controls an organization dealing in illegal drugs

{n: drug cartel} an illicit cartel formed to control the production and distribution of narcotic drugs
"drug cartels sometimes finance terrorist organizations"

{n: enterprise} an organization created for business ventures
"a growing enterprise must have a bold leader"

{n: establishment} any large organization

{n: exclusive, scoop} a news report that is reported first by one news organization
"he got a scoop on the bribery of city officials"

{n: facility} a service that an organization or a piece of equipment offers you
"a cell phone with internet facility"

{n: father} a person who holds an important or distinguished position in some organization
"the tennis fathers ruled in her favor"
"the city fathers endorsed the proposal"

{n: federalism} the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units

{n: federation} an organization formed by merging several groups or parties

{n: fiefdom} an organization that is controlled by a dominant person or group

{n: fifth columnist, saboteur} a member of a clandestine subversive organization who tries to help a potential invader

{n: file clerk, filing clerk, filer} a clerk who is employed to maintain the files of an organization

{n: financial institution, financial organization, financial organisation} an institution (public or private) that collects funds (from the public or other institutions) and invests them in financial assets

{n: fire brigade, fire company} a private or temporary organization of individuals equipped to fight fires

{n: firm, house, business firm} the members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments
"he worked for a brokerage house"

{n: format, formatting, data format, data formatting} the organization of information according to preset specifications (usually for computer processing)

{n: good continuation, continuation, law of continuation} a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive a line as continuing its established direction

{n: government, authorities, regime} the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
"the government reduced taxes"
"the matter was referred to higher authorities"

{n: grey, gray} any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are grey
"the Confederate army was a vast grey"

{n: health maintenance organization, HMO} group insurance that entitles members to services of participating hospitals and clinics and physicians

{n: hierarchy, power structure, pecking order} the organization of people at different ranks in an administrative body

{n: high command, supreme headquarters} the highest leaders in an organization (e.g. the commander-in-chief and senior officers of the military)

{n: host} any organization that provides resources and facilities for a function or event
"Atlanta was chosen to be host for the Olympic Games"


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