英语学习词典
  

off

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off [ ɔ:f] ad.(离)开;(停)止

off balance 不平稳的,摇摆的

beat off 击退,打退(进攻)

blow off 吹掉,将(热水等)放出

break off (使)折断;中断;断绝

buy off 收买

buzz off (俚)急忙离去

call off 叫走,叫开;取消

carry off 拿走,夺去…的生命

clear off 消除,摆脱(负担等)

come off (计划等)实现;举行

cross off 从…划掉,删去

cry off 取消(买卖、契约等)

cut off 切掉;切断;阻隔

die off 一个个死掉

drain off 流掉;渐渐枯竭

drop off 睡着;(让…)下车

off duty 下班

eat off 吃掉,腐烂掉

end off 结束

get off 下车;离开;开始

give off 发出或放出(蒸气等)

go off 离去;去世;被发射

go off with 拿去;抢走;拐走

jump off 开始,开始进攻

keep off 避开;不让…接近

kill off 消灭,杀光

knock off 把…敲掉;击倒;停工

laugh off 用笑摆脱(困境等)

lay off 停止;(临时)解雇

learn off 记熟,背下来

leave off (使)停止;停下来

let off 放(炮);开(枪);宽恕

live off 住在…之外;靠…生活

make off with 携…而逃

mark off 划分出

move off 离去,走掉

off and on 断断续续地,不时地

pay off 还清(债款)

pick off 摘下,摘掉

pull off 脱(帽等);努力实现

put off 推迟,拖延;阻碍

ride off 岔开去

ring off 挂断电话;停止讲话

round off (园满)完成

rub off 擦掉,磨去

run off (使)逃跑;复制

see sb. off 为某人送行

sell off 廉价出清(存货)

send off 寄出;为…送行;解雇

set off 动身,出发;使爆炸

shake off 撵走,摆脱;抖落

show off 炫耀,卖弄

shrug off 耸肩表示对…不屑理睬

start off 出发,动身;开始

stop off 中途停留;中途下车

sweep off 拂去;大量清除

switch off (用开关)关掉

take off 拿走;脱下(衣帽等)

take oneself off 走开,离去

tear off 急速脱掉

throw off 扔开;匆匆脱掉(衣服)

trail off (声音等)逐渐变弱

turn off 关(水源等);拐弯

walk off (突然)离开;带走

wear off 逐渐消失;磨掉;耗损

work off 排除;清理;卖掉

write off 注销;勾销;写信寄出

back down off 放弃,让步,退却

bear off 赢得;使离开;驶离

be better off 境况富裕;更富有

bring off 救出;成功地做某事

brush off 刷去;掸去;拂去

clear off (云雾等)消散

fall off 下降,跌落,减少

head off 绕到前面去;拦住

be off one's head 神经错乱,神志不清

hold off 不接近;拖延;迟疑

lead off 开始,开头,率先

pass off (感觉等)终止;中止

tick off 列出;用记号勾出

touch off 开(炮等);触发

back down/off 放弃,让步,退却

break off 断绝,结束

call off 放弃,取消

carry off 夺去

come off 实现,成功,终于

cut off 切断,使隔绝;剪去,删去;打断,停止

drop off 减弱,减少

get off 从...下来,离开,动身,开始

give off 放出,释放

go off 爆炸,发射;动身,离开

keep off 不接近,避开

lay off 解雇

let off 放(炮,烟火),开(枪);宽

off and on 断断续续,不时地

off duty 下班

pass off 中止,停止

pay off 还清(债), 给清工资后遗散

pull off 脱(帽、衣等)

put off 推迟,推延

ring off 挂断电话

run off 复印,打印

set off 出发,动射 ,引起,使发生

show off 炫耀,卖弄

take off 拿走,脱下;起飞

turn off 关掉,断开;拐弯,叉开

wear off 逐渐消逝

write off 报废,勾销,注销

back down/off
放弃,让步,退却

break off
断绝,结束

call off
放弃,取消

carry off
夺去

come off
实现,成功,终于

cut off
切断,使隔绝;剪去,删去;打断,停止

drop off
减弱,减少

get off
从...下来,离开,动身,开始

give off
放出,释放

go off
爆炸,发射;动身,离开

keep off
不接近,避开

lay off
解雇

let off
放(炮,烟火),开(枪);宽

off and on
断断续续,不时地

off duty
下班

pass off
中止,停止

pay off
还清(债), 给清工资后遗散

pull off
脱(帽、衣等)

put off
推迟,推延

ring off
挂断电话

run off
复印,打印

set off
出发,动射 ,引起,使发生

show off
炫耀,卖弄

take off
拿走,脱下;起飞

turn off
关掉,断开;拐弯,叉开

wear off
逐渐消逝

write off
报废,勾销,注销


off [ɔ:f, ɔf] prep.离开,脱离,(走)开 ad. 离开;(电,水)停了,中断

well off 阔绰的,富裕的

摆脱贫困 shake off poverty; lift oneself from poverty

摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances

剥离不良资产 strip bad assets off

比上不足,比下有余 "worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst"

出风头 show off;in the limelight

等外品 "off-grade goods, rejects"

(把…当成)耳旁风 Like water off (on) a duck's back

放下架子 to relinguish haughty airs; to get off one's high horse; throw off one's airs

末位淘汰 (under the new personnel system) the person graded last in the performance evaluation will be laid off from his position

碰一鼻子灰 be sent off with a flea in one's ear; be snubbedd; get a rebuff

破釜沉舟 cut off all means of retreat; burn one‘s own way of retreat and be determined to fight to the end

扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work

脱贫致富 "cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity"

蓄势而发 accumulate strength for a take-off

小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity

小康之家 well-off family; comfortably-off family

下网 off line

下岗职工 laid-off workers

预算外支出 off-budget expenditure

隐形牧人 invisible income; off-payroll income

隐性收入 invisible income; off-payroll income; side money

宰人 rip off

资产剥离 peel off (bad) assets of a company

Prevent falling off due to turning 防止旋转脱落

balance cut-off saw 平衡截断锯

Off- color 变色的,退色的,不标准的颜色

蹭脏 set-off
指油墨由于固着得过慢以致污染压在上面印品背面的现象。

off-the-cuff 即席的。

cool off 使冷静

off-job training 脱产培训
in-job training 在职培训

10% off:九折

爆竹 firecrackers (People scare off evil spirits and ghosts with the loud pop.)

Prevent falling off due to turning 防止旋转脱落

You blow it! 你把事情搞砸了!
A: We could have got the deal , but you blew the whole thing!
A: 我们原本可以达成那笔交易的, 但是你把整个事情都搞砸了!
B: What did I do?
B: 我作了什么呢?
- blow up 是「发脾气」的意思。
"You'd better take off right now. Kevin will blow up if you're late again."
你最好现在就出发吧! 你要是再迟到, Kevin 会气炸的。

Cool it! 冷静点!
A: I'm gonna kill Cliff for doing this crap to me.
A: Cliff 对我作这样的「好事」, 我要把他杀了。
B: Hey! Cool it!
B: 嘿! 冷静点!
- "crap" 是原意是「排泄物」的意思, 有些人觉得"shit"这个字很粗, 就会用"crap"来代替它。
"Cool it." 是当一个人很冲动时, 用来劝他静下来的词语。
除了"Cool it!"、 "Cool off!"外, "Cool out!"; "Chill out! 都是一样的意思。

off the record 不宜公开报道

On 打开 ( 放)
Off

Hands Off 请勿用手摸

be off 走吧;滚蛋

Be off! 滚开!

bite one's head off 大发脾气

blow off steam 发脾气

break it off 吹了

brush off (男女之间)甩;撇开

call it off 取消

call off 取消

come off it 吹牛皮

cool off 冷却下来

cut sb off 把电话挂断.

day off 放假日

drop it off 把它放到...

drop sb off 让某人下车

eat one's head off 食量惊人

fly off the handle 平时有教养的人突然失去常态

get off on the wrong foot 开始就乱了步骤

get off the ground 进行顺利;刚开始

get sth off one's chest 把心中的话讲出来

goof off 逃学;不尽职

poorly off 穷困潦倒

pull off 成功;完成

put off 延期

see off 送行

show off 炫耀

switch off 关掉

take one's hat off to 表示尊敬佩服

take the load off one's feet 坐下休息

talk one's head off 说得天花乱坠

don’t brush me off 不要敷衍我

15% off with this flyer 凭此宣传品优惠15%

50% off on selected lines 部分商品降半价

Buy any two together and save 10% off both products 一次性买俩,每个优惠10%

Sale 50% off original price按原价的50%销售

Save up to 50% off 50%大降价

Fire escape, asked to be cleared off obstruction.安全出口,请保持通畅

15% off with this flyer 持本广告85折优惠

比上不足,比下有余
"worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst

破釜沉舟
cut off all means of retreat;
burn one‘s own way of retreat and be determined to fight to the end

蓄势而发 accumulate strength for a take-off

垂直起落飞机 vertical take-off and landing

off and on 断断续续,间歇地 

off duty 下班

to take off, take-off 起飞

to get off a plane, alight from a plane 下飞机

off-job training 脱产培训

交通规则 traffic regulation
路标 guide post
里程碑 milestone
停车标志 mark car stop
红绿灯 traffic light
自动红绿灯 automatic traffic signal light
红灯 red light
绿灯 green light
黄灯 amber light
交通岗 traffic post
岗亭 police box
交通警 traffic police
打手势 pantomime
单行线 single line
双白线 double white lines
双程线dual carriage-way
斑马线 zebra stripes
划路线机 traffic line marker
交通干线 artery traffic
车行道 carriage-way
辅助车道 lane auxiliary
双车道 two-way traffic
自行车通行 cyclists only
单行道 one way only
窄路 narrow road
潮湿路滑 slippery when wet
陡坡 steep hill
不平整路 rough road
弯路 curve road ; bend road
连续弯路 winding road
之字路 double bend road
之字公路 switch back road
下坡危险 dangerous down grade
道路交叉点 road junction
十字路 cross road
左转 turn left
右转 turn right
靠左 keep left
靠右 keep right
慢驶 slow
速度 speed
超速 excessive speed
速度限制 speed limit
恢复速度 resume speed
禁止通行 no through traffic
此路不通 blocked
不准驶入 no entry
不准超越 keep in line ; no overhead
不准掉头 no turns
让车道 passing bay
回路 loop
安全岛 safety island
停车处 parking place
停私人车 private car park
只停公用车 public car only
不准停车 restricted stop
不准滞留 restricted waiting
临街停车 parking on-street
街外停车 parking off-street
街外卸车 loading off-street
当心行人 caution pedestrian crossing
当心牲畜 caution animals
前面狭桥 narrow bridge ahead
拱桥 hump bridge
火车栅 level crossing
修路 road works
医院 hospital
儿童 children
学校 school
寂静地带 silent zone
非寂静地带 silent zone ends
交通管理 traffic control
人山人海 crowded conditions
拥挤的人 jam-packed with people
交通拥挤 traffic jam
水泄不通 overwhelm
顺挤 extrusion direct
冲挤 extrusion impact
推挤 shoved
挨身轻推 nudging
让路 give way
粗心行人 careless pedestrian
犯交通罪 committing traffic offences
执照被记违章 endorsed on driving license
危险驾驶 dangerous driving
粗心驾车 careless driving
无教员而驾驶 driving without an instructor
无证驾驶 driving without license
未经车主同意 without the owner's consent
无第三方保险 without third-party insurance
未挂学字牌 driving without a "L" plate
安全第一 safety first
轻微碰撞 slight impact
迎面相撞 head-on collision
相撞 collided
连环撞 a chain collision
撞车 crash
辗过 run over
肇事逃跑司机 hit-run driver
冲上人行道 drive onto the pavement

下岗职工 laid-off workers

下岗职工 laid-off workers

下岗 laid-off workers

下网 off line

小康之家 well-off family; comfortably-off family

脱贫致富 cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road toprosperity

下岗职工 laid-off workers

脱贫 to shake off poverty; anti-poverty

末件比较 last off part comparison

off-invoice discounts 发票之外的折扣

pay-off control 支出控制

price-off promotions 降价促销

  反向假冒 Reverse Passing-Off

  显行反向假冒 Express Reverse Passing-Off

  隐形反向假冒 Implied Reverse Passing-Off

结清 to clear off; to pya off

折扣用语 从价格打10%的折扣 to make a discount of 10% off the price; to make 10% discount off the price

兹同函奉上以Robert父子公司为付款人、面额26.15美元的即期汇票一张, 用以清偿所欠贵方债务。
Enclosed is a sight draft for $26.15 on Messrs. Robert & Sons, which clears off our indebtedness to you.

off-peak time 非高峰时间

off-running time 收车时间

药品核准标示外使用 off-label use

off-label use 药品核准标示外使用

alternate Saturday-off system
长短周制度

Application for Write-off under SPR 1070(a)(ii) [GF 403]
依据《物料供应及采购规例》第1070(a)(ii)条注销物料申请书〔通用表格第403号〕

Application for Write-off under SPR 1070(b)(iv) [GF 402]
依据《物料供应及采购规例》第1070(b)(iv)条注销物料申请书〔通用表格第402号〕

basic off-the-job training
基本职外训练

cut-off date
截算日期

cut-off point [allowance]
截分点〔津贴〕

Cutting-off bushing 环形下料模; 下料环

partnership, leasing, contract operation and sell-off 租赁,承包经营和出售

Laid-off workers 下岗职工

charge off 注销,冲销

direct charge-off method 直接冲销法

Lay-offs 下岗人员

paid off 付清

pay off 清偿

shake off poverty 摆脱贫困

Sell-off of enterprise’s assets 廉价销售企业资产

Write-off 冲销,注销

断油开关
cut-off cock

单缸熄火试验
one cylinder shut off test

熄灯温度
light-off temperature

越野车
off-road vehicle

轻型越野车
light-off-road vehicle

中型越野车
medium off-road vehicle

重型越野车
heavy off -road vehicle

超重型越野车
extra heavy off- road vehicle

车厢可卸式汽车
roll-off skip loader

驶离道路
run off the roadway

滤膜萃取率
percentage of film taken off

取力器(动力输出机构)
power take-off

Come off it!
别胡说!

Hands off.
不许碰。

Get off my back!
不要嘲笑我!

Back off.
滚开。

She likes to show off.
她很喜欢出风头。

Well, one can always consult a man and ask him: "Would you like your head cut off tomorrow?" and after he has said: "I would rather not", cut it off. Consultation is a vagues and elastic term.
是的,什么时候都可以跟一个人商量,问他:“你愿意明天被砍头吗?”接着,在他说了“我不愿意”之后,砍掉他的脑袋。磋商是个含糊的带弹性的词。

Two delusions fostered by higher education are that what is taught corresponds to what is learned, and that it will somehow pay off in money.
高等教育造成了两种错觉,一是教的东西就等于学到的东西,二是它总会通过某种方式以金钱回报。

consultant — someone who will take your watch off your wrist and tell you what time it is
顾问——把你的手表从你手腕上摘下来,然后告诉你时间的人。

Every scene, even the commonest, is wonderful, if only one can detach oneself, casting off all memory of use and custom and beholding it as if for the first times.
生活中的每个情景,甚至最普通的一幕,都是奇妙的——只要一个人能够离开自我,抛弃对习惯的全部记忆,就像第一次一样观察。

In order to pay off his debts, he had to trade in his piano for money.
为了还债,他只好把钢琴拿去换钱。

She grabbed the book and went off for school.
她抓起书就上学校去了。

Turn off the light before you leave the room.
离开房间前请把灯关上。

Never forget to turn off the lights of your car after you park, or you won't be able to start your car.
停车后千万不要忘记关上灯,否则你就不能发动汽车了。

The swimmer dried off in the hot sun.
游泳者在烈日下晒干身子。

She ran in after the rainstorm and dried herself off with a thick towel.
大雨过后她跑进来,用一块厚毛巾把身子擦干。

The driver of the car in front made an angry gesture and drove off.
前面那辆车的司机作了个愤怒的手势,然后开走了。

Please turn off the TV because the noise will distract the children from their homework.
请把电视机关掉,因为噪音会使孩子们分心,不能专心做作业。

A strong blast of wind blew the car sideways off the road.
一阵狂风把汽车吹到了路边。

Wipe the dirt off your shoes before you come in.
进来前先把你鞋上的尘土擦去。

The street lights come on at dusk and go off at dawn.
黄昏时路灯亮起来,拂晓时熄灭。

They set off in search of the lost child.
他们出发去寻找失踪的小孩。

Turn the light out (= Turn the light off) before you leave.
你离开前, 请把灯关了。

He set off very early for fear that he might be late for the interview.
他早早就出发了,生怕面试迟到。

The plane is about to take off, and yet I left my ticket behind.
飞机就要起飞了,可我却忘了带机票。

He fell asleep soon after he turned off the light.
他关上灯很快就睡着了。

Get your coat off.
把大衣脱下来。

They managed to get the authentic painting by a famous painter off the wall.
他们设法将那幅著名画家的真迹从墙上弄了下来。

I can't get my shoes off my swollen feet.
我无法把鞋子从我的一双肿脚上脱下来。

Can you get that dirty mark off the wall?
你能把墙上的斑点擦掉吗?

He lived on a small island off the coast of France.


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