英语学习词典
  

obtain

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obtain [ əb'tein] vt.获得,得到,买到

obtain [əb'tein] vt. 获得;得到

骗汇、逃汇、套汇 "obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage "

停薪留职 retain one's position with one's salary suspended; obtain an indefinite leave of absence from one's work unit

专升本 upgrade from junior college student to university student; students with the diploma of junior college try to obtain the undergraduate diplomat through self-taught study

to get an offer(or to obtain an offer) 获得…报盘

All passengers are strongly advised to obtain travel insurance. 建议所有乘客购买旅游保险。

骗汇、逃汇、套汇 obtain foreign currency under false pretenses, not turn over foreign owed to the government and illegal arbitrage

Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.
尽管这一观点被广泛接受,很少有证据表明教育能够在任何地点、任何年龄进行。

Consequently, the extra money obtained from part-time job will strongly support students to continue to their study life.
因此,业余工作挣来的钱将强有力地支持学生们继续他们的求学生活。

Many parents believe that additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, they maintain, their children are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge, which will put them in a beneficial position in the future job markets when they grow up.
许多家长相信额外的教育活动有许多优点,通过学习,他们的孩子可以获得很多实践技能和有用的知识,当他们长大后,这些对他们就业是大有好处的。

Bodily exercise, when compulsory, does no harm to the body; but knowledge which is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind.
强制的身体锻炼不会损害身体,但被迫学习的知识占据不了头脑。

The value of a man is decided by what he has contributed, not by what he has obtained.
人的价值取决于他所贡献的,而非他所获取的。

The news writer immediately set out to obtain the important facts.
那位新闻记者立即着手去设法了解这些重要的事实。

Ordinary people will then be able to use the Internet to obtain valuable information.
到那时普通百姓将能使用因特网去获取有用的信息。

The company is hoping to obtain a $259 million cash injection from the government.
公司希望政府提供2.59亿美元的现金。

Computer technology enabled the researchers to obtain precise measurements of the volume of the front and side sections of the brain, which relate to intellect (智能)and emotion, and determine the human character.
计算机技术帮助研究人员获得人脑前部和侧部的准确体积,这是与人的智能和情绪有关的部分,而且也决定人的性格特点。

Thank you for your inquiry, but we cannot make you an offer right now because we are presently unable to obtain appropriate materials.
谢谢贵方询价,但我们不能马上发盘,因为目前我们得不到合适的原料。

He that returns good for evil obtains the victory.
以德报怨的人得到胜利。

Real knowledge, like everything else of value, is not to be obtained easily, it must be worked for, studied for, thought for, and more than all, must be prayed for.
真正的学问,像其他一切有价值的东西一样,是不容易得到的,必须学习、钻研、思考,最重要的是必须有迫切的要求。

According to our records/the information we hae obtained...
根据我方记载/根据我方已得到的信息...

A free man obtains knowledge from many sources besides books.
Thomas Jefferson American president  
一个自由的人除了从书本上获取知识外,还可以从许多别的来源获得知识。
美国总统杰斐逊.T.

I am ready to die for my Lord, that in my blood the Church may obtain liberty and peace.
Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury.
我准备为我的主而死,在我的血液里流淌着与生俱来的信念,教堂可以获取自由与和平。
坎特伯雷大主教柏克特T.

- Have a chip on one's shoulder 叫阵,叫板
He is not popular among his peers. He always seems to have a chip on his shoulder.
此外该语还有“不满”,“对抗”的意思
Mary has got a chip on her shoulder about not having obtained the scholarship.

逼供信 [bī gòng xìn] /obtain confessions by compulsion/confession under duress/

博 [bó] /extensive/ample/rich/obtain/aim/to win/to get/rich/plentiful/to gamble/

得 [dé] /obtain/get/gain/proper/suitable/proud/contented/allow/permit/ready/finished/

得不到 [dé bù dào] /cannot get/cannot obtain/

得出 [dé chū] /obtain (results)/arrive at (a conclusion)/

得到 [dé dào] /to get/to obtain/to receive/

得票率 [dé piào lǜ] /percentage of votes obtained/

分享 [fēn xiǎng] /obtain one's share (of wealth, rights, etc.)/partake/

获 [huò] /to catch/to obtain/to capture/

获得 [huò dé] /to obtain/to receive/to get/

获利 [huò lì] /profit/obtain benefits/benefits obtained/

获释 [huò shì] /obtain release (from prison)/

获益 [huò yì] /obtain a benefit/profit from something/

获准 [huò zhǔn] /obtain permission/

教训 [jiào xun ] /(teach someone or learn a) lesson (i.e. obtain wisdom from an experience)/

谋取 [móu qǔ] /try to gain/seek/obtain/

求得 [qiú dé] /(v) ask for and receive/(v) try to obtain/(v) look for and obtain/

取得 [qǔ dé] /to acquire/to get/to obtain/

取得大学学位 [qǔ dé dà xué xué wèi] /to obtain a university education/

Kitcher is philosopher, and this may account, in part, for the clarity and effectiveness of his arguments.
金切尔是位哲学家,这也许能部分说明他的立论为何明确而有说服力。
The non-specialist will be able to obtain at least a notion of the sorts of data and argument that support evolutionary theory.
非专业人士起码可以了解支持进化论的各种数据和观点。
The final chapter on the creationists will be extremely clear to all.
关于创世纪论者的最后一章对每个人来说都阐述得极为清楚。
On the dust jacket of this fine book, Stephen Jay Gould says: "This book stands for reason itself."
这部优秀作品的护封上引用了斯蒂芬·杰?古尔德的一句话,“本书赌注是理性”。
And so it does — and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.
的确如此——如果理性是创世纪论和进化论之争的惟一裁判,一切问题就已解决了。

{adj: accessible} easily obtained
"most students now have computers accessible"
"accessible money"

{adj: accommodative, cooperative} willing to adjust to differences in order to obtain agreement

{adj: alloyed} (used of metals) blended to obtain a desired property

{adj: clean, clear, light, unclouded} (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims
"efforts to obtain a clean bass in orchestral recordings"
"clear laughter like a waterfall"
"clear reds and blues"
"a light lilting voice like a silver bell"

{adj: deep-mined} of coal, as contrasted with coal obtained from a strip mine
"deep-mined coal"

{adj: dirty, ill-gotten} obtained illegally or by improper means
"dirty money"
"ill-gotten gains"

{adj: easy} obtained with little effort or sacrifice, often obtained illegally
"easy money"

{adj: gettable, getable, obtainable, procurable} capable of being obtained
"savings of up to 50 percent are obtainable"

{adj: holophytic} obtaining nourishment as green plants do
<-> holozoic

{adj: holozoic} obtaining nourishment as animals do by ingesting complex organic matter
<-> holophytic

{adj: hopeful} having or manifesting or inspiring hope
"a line of people hopeful of obtaining tickets"
"found a hopeful way of attacking the problem"
<-> hopeless

{adj: inaccessible, unobtainable, unprocurable, untouchable} not capable of being obtained
"a rare work, today almost inaccessible"
"timber is virtually unobtainable in the islands"
"untouchable resources buried deep within the earth"

{adj: intuitive, nonrational, visceral} obtained through intuition rather than from reasoning or observation

{adj: lactic} of or relating to or obtained from milk (especially sour milk or whey)
"lactic acid"
"lactic fermentation"

{adj: photographic} relating to photography or obtained by using photography
"photographic equipment"

{adj: reproducible, consistent} capable of being reproduced
"astonishingly reproducible results can be obtained"
<-> unreproducible

{adj: saprophytic} obtaining food osmotically from dissolved organic material

{adj: seeking} trying to obtain
"profit-seeking producers"
"people seeking happiness"

{adj: succinic} of or relating to or obtained from amber

{adj: telegnostic} obtaining knowledge of distant events allegedly without use of normal sensory mechanisms

{adj: unable} (usually followed by `to') not having the necessary means or skill or know-how
"unable to get to town without a car"
"unable to obtain funds"
<-> able

{adj: uric} in or relating to or obtained from urine
"uric acid"

{adv: fraudulently} in a dishonest and fraudulent manner
"this money was fraudulently obtained"

{n: Boer War} either of two wars: the first when the Boers fought England in order to regain the independence they had given up to obtain British help against the Zulus (1880-1881); the second when the Orange Free State and Transvaal declared war on Britain (1899-1902)

{n: Buddhism} the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth

{n: DNA fingerprint, genetic fingerprint} biometric identification obtained by examining a person's unique sequence of DNA base pairs; often used for evidence in criminal law cases

{n: Japan wax, Japan tallow} a yellow wax obtained from sumac berries; used in polishes

{n: Kendal green, Kendal} a green dye, often used to color cloth, which is obtained from the woad plant

{n: Manila hemp, Manilla hemp, abaca} a kind of hemp obtained from the abaca plant in the Philippines

{n: Otaheite arrowroot, Otaheite arrowroot starch} a starch obtained from the root of the pia

{n: Saturday night special} a cheap handgun that is easily obtained

{n: Shetland wool} a wool obtained from sheep of the Shetland islands

{n: Sukarno, Achmad Sukarno} Indonesian statesman who obtained the independence of Indonesia from the Netherlands in 1949 and served as president until ousted by Suharto in a coup d'etat (1901-1970)

{n: Tyrian purple} a red-purple to deep purple dye obtained from snails or made synthetically

{n: Williams, Roger Williams} English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism; he founded Providence in 1636 and obtained a royal charter for Rhode Island in 1663 (1603-1683)

{n: X-raying, X-radiation} obtaining images by the use of X rays

{n: access} the right to obtain or make use of or take advantage of something (as services or membership)

{n: achira, indian shot, arrowroot, Canna indica, Canna edulis} canna grown especially for its edible rootstock from which arrowroot starch is obtained

{n: adrenosterone} a steroid having androgenic activity; obtained from the cortex of the adrenal gland

{n: aldol, aldehyde-alcohol} an oily colorless liquid obtained by the condensation of two molecules of acetaldehyde; contains an alcohol group (-OH) and an aldehyde group (-CHO)

{n: alimentary tract smear} any of several cytologic smears obtained from different parts of the alimentary tract; obtained by specialized lavage techniques and used mainly to diagnose cancer in those parts

{n: alpha-tocopheral} a potent form of vitamin E obtained from germ oils or by synthesis

{n: anil, indigo, indigotin} a blue dye obtained from plants or made synthetically

{n: aniline, aniline oil, aminobenzine, phenylamine} oily poisonous liquid amine obtained from nitrobenzene and used to make dyes and plastics and medicines

{n: animal fat} any fat obtained from animals
"animal fat is high in saturated fatty acids"

{n: animal glue} a protein gelatin obtained by boiling e.g. skins and hoofs of cattle and horses

{n: animal oil} any oil obtained from animal substances

{n: appeal} (law) a legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting of a new trial
"their appeal was denied in the superior court"

{n: arithmetic progression} (mathematics) a progression in which a constant is added to each term in order to obtain the next term
"1-4-7-10-13- is the start of an arithmetic progression"

{n: arrowroot} a nutritive starch obtained from the root of the arrowroot plant

{n: arum} starch resembling sago that is obtained from cuckoopint root

{n: attar of roses, rose oil} a volatile fragrant oil obtained from fresh roses by steam distillation

{n: attar, atar, athar, ottar} essential oil or perfume obtained from flowers

{n: barilla, Halogeton souda} Algerian plant formerly burned to obtain calcium carbonate

{n: barium dioxide, barium peroxide} a white toxic powder obtained by heating barium oxide in air

{n: bar} a counter where you can obtain food or drink
"he bought a hot dog and a coke at the bar"

{n: basic cognitive process} cognitive processes involved in obtaining and storing knowledge

{n: bast, bast fiber} strong woody fibers obtained especially from the phloem of from various plants

{n: bay rum} an aromatic liquid originally obtained by distilling the leaves of the bayberry tree with rum

{n: bayberry wax, bayberry tallow} a fragrant green wax obtained from the wax myrtle and used in making candles

{n: beef tallow} tallow obtained from a bovine animal

{n: bill of review} a proceeding brought to obtain an explanation or an alteration or a reversal of a decree by the court that rendered it

{n: biprism} an optical device for obtaining interference fringes

{n: bitter almond oil} pale yellow essential oil obtained from bitter almonds by distillation from almond cake or meal

{n: body temperature, blood heat} temperature of the body; normally 98.6 F or 37 C in humans; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health

{n: bone oil, Dippel's oil} dark-colored ill-smelling oil obtained by carbonizing bone; used especially in sheep dips and in denaturing alcohol

{n: borrowing} obtaining funds from a lender

{n: bowstring hemp} hemp obtained from the sansevieria

{n: bowstring hemp} strong fiber that resembles hemp; obtained from sansevieria and used for e.g. cordage

{n: burnt umber} dark brown pigment obtained by heating umber

{n: calf's-foot jelly} a savory jelly made with gelatin obtained by boiling calves' feet

{n: camphor} a resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment

{n: cane sugar} sucrose obtained from sugar cane

{n: cannabin, cannabis resin} a resin obtained from the hemp plant; thought to be the active narcotic agent in marijuana

{n: cardiac glycoside, cardiac glucoside} obtained from a number of plants and used to stimulate the heart in cases of heart failure

{n: cellulose xanthate, viscose} a cellulose ester obtained by treating cellulose with caustic soda

{n: cephalosporin, Mefoxin} one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity

{n: charcoal, wood coal} a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic matter in the absence of air

{n: chondrin} a substance that resembles gelatin and is obtained by boiling cartilage in water

{n: clove oil, oil of cloves} essential oil obtained from cloves and used to flavor medicines

{n: coconut milk, coconut cream} white liquid obtained from compressing fresh coconut meat

{n: cod-liver oil, cod liver oil} an oil obtained from the livers of cod and similar fishes; taken orally as a source of vitamins A and D

{n: condensation pump, diffusion pump} vacuum pump used to obtain a high vacuum

{n: converse} a proposition obtained by conversion

{n: core} a cylindrical sample of soil or rock obtained with a hollow drill

{n: costus oil} a yellow volatile essential oil obtained from costusroot; used in perfumes

{n: coumarone-indene resin, coumarone resin} a thermoplastic resin obtained by polymerization of indene and coumarone; used in coatings and paint and asphalt tile

{n: cows' milk} milk obtained from dairy cows

{n: credit union} a cooperative depository financial institution whose members can obtain loans from their combined savings

{n: creosote, coal-tar creosote} a dark oily liquid obtained by distillation of coal tar; used as a preservative for wood

{n: creosote} a colorless or yellowish oily liquid obtained by distillation of wood tar; used as an antiseptic

{n: derivation} the act of deriving something or obtaining something from a source or origin

{n: detective story} a narrative about someone who investigates crimes and obtains evidence leading to their resolution

{n: detective} an investigator engaged or employed in obtaining information not easily available to the public

{n: dextrin} any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch; a tasteless and odorless gummy substance that is used as a thickening agent and in adhesives and in dietary supplements

{n: differentiation} the mathematical process of obtaining the derivative of a function

{n: difficulty} a factor causing trouble in achieving a positive result or tending to produce a negative result
"serious difficulties were encountered in obtaining a pure reagent"

{n: digitalis, digitalis glycoside, digitalin} a powerful cardiac stimulant obtained from foxglove

{n: dilation and curettage, dilatation and curettage, D and C} a surgical procedure usually performed under local anesthesia in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrial lining of the uterus is scraped with a curet; performed to obtain tissue samples or to stop prolonged bleeding or to remove small tumors or to remove fragments of placenta after childbirth or as a method of abortion

{n: direct action} a protest action by labor or minority groups to obtain their demands

{n: dodder} a leafless annual parasitic vine of the genus Cuscuta having whitish or yellow filamentous stems; obtain nourishment through haustoria

{n: dolphin oil} an unsaturated fatty oil obtained from dolphins and used as a fine lubricant

{n: dyewood} any wood from which dye is obtained

{n: easy money, gravy train} income obtained with a minimum of effort

{n: elemi, gum elemi} fragrant resin obtain from trees of the family Burseraceae and used as incense

{n: elution} the process of extracting one material from another by washing with a solvent to remove adsorbed material from an adsorbent (as in washing of loaded ion-exchange resins to remove captured ions); used to obtain uranium ions

{n: emulation} (computer science) technique of one machine obtaining the same results as another

{n: erythromycin, Erythrocin, E-Mycin, Ethril, Ilosone, Pediamycin} an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative

{n: esophageal smear} alimentary tract smear of material obtained from the esophagus

{n: ethylene, ethene} a flammable colorless gaseous alkene; obtained from petroleum and natural gas and used in manufacturing many other chemicals; sometimes used as an anesthetic

{n: eucalyptus oil} an essential oil obtained from the leaves of eucalypts

{n: extraction} the process of obtaining something from a mixture or compound by chemical or physical or mechanical means

{n: eye bank} a place for storing and preserving corneas that are obtained from human corpses immediately after death; used for corneal transplantation to patients with corneal defects

{n: false pretense, false pretence} (law) an offense involving intent to defraud and false representation and obtaining property as a result of that misrepresentation

{n: ferricyanide} salt of ferricyanic acid obtained by oxidation of a ferrocyanide

{n: ferrocyanide} salt of ferrocyanic acid usually obtained by a reaction of a cyanide with iron sulphate

{n: first aid} emergency care given before regular medical aid can be obtained

{n: first-aid station} a station providing emergency care or treatment before regular medical aid can be obtained

{n: fish glue} gelatinous substance obtained by boiling skins fins and bones of fish

{n: fish-liver oil, fish oil} a fatty oil obtained from the livers of various fish

{n: flour} fine powdery foodstuff obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a cereal grain

{n: frankincense, olibanum, gum olibanum, thus} an aromatic gum resin obtained from various Arabian or East African trees; formerly valued for worship and for embalming and fumigation

{n: freezing mixture} a mixture of substances (usually salt and ice) to obtain a temperature below the freezing point of water

{n: fruit of the poisonous tree} a rule that once primary evidence is determined to have been illegally obtained any secondary evidence following from it may also not be used

{n: gallic acid} a colorless crystalline acid obtained from tannin

{n: gambit} a chess move early in the game in which the player sacrifices minor pieces in order to obtain an advantageous position

{n: gastric smear} alimentary tract smear of material obtained from the stomach

{n: gelatin, gelatine} a colorless water-soluble glutinous protein obtained from animal tissues such as bone and skin

{n: geometric progression} (mathematics) a progression in which each term is multiplied by a constant in order to obtain the next term
"1-4-16-64-256- is the start of a geometric progression"

{n: globin, hematohiston, haematohiston} a colorless protein obtained by removing heme from hemoglobin; the oxygen carrying compound in red blood cells

{n: glyceric acid} a syrupy acid obtained by oxidation of glycerol or glyceraldehyde

{n: glycerol, glycerin, glycerine} a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils

{n: gold dust} the particles and flakes (and sometimes small nuggets) of gold obtained in placer mining

{n: gondang wax, fig wax} a hard cream-colored wax obtained from a Javanese fig tree

{n: grace, saving grace, state of grace} (Christian theology) a state of sanctification by God; the state of one who under such divine influence
"the conception of grace developed alongside the conception of sin"
"it was debated whether saving grace could be obtained outside the membership of the church"
"the Virgin lived in a state of grace"

{n: habeas corpus} the civil right to obtain a writ of habeas corpus as protection against illegal imprisonment

{n: halftone} a print obtained from photoengraving

{n: haustorium} a rootlike attachment in parasitic plants that penetrates and obtains food from the host

{n: helicopter, chopper, whirlybird, eggbeater} an aircraft without wings that obtains its lift from the rotation of overhead blades

{n: heptane} a colorless volatile highly flammable liquid obtained from petroleum and used as an anesthetic or a solvent or in determining octane ratings

{n: holdout} a refusal by a negotiator to come to terms in the hope of obtaining a better deal

{n: hydroxyproline} a crystalline amino acid obtained from gelatin or collagen

{n: imaging, tomography} (medicine) obtaining pictures of the interior of the body

{n: infusion, extract} a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)

{n: injunction, enjoining, enjoinment, cease and desist order} (law) a judicial remedy issued in order to prohibit a party from doing or continuing to do a certain activity
"injunction were formerly obtained by writ but now by a judicial order"

{n: intermediate} a substance formed during a chemical process before the desired product is obtained

{n: inverse function} the function obtained by expressing the dependent variable of one function as the independent variable of another; f and g are inverse functions if f(x)=y and g(y)=x

{n: iteration, looping} (computer science) executing the same set of instructions a given number of times or until a specified result is obtained
"the solution is obtained by iteration"

{n: kino, gum kino, kino gum} a gum obtained from various tropical plants; used as an astringent and in tanning

{n: labdanum, gum labdanum} a dark brown to greenish oleoresin that has a fragrant odor and is used as a fixative in perfumes; obtained as a juice from certain rockroses

{n: lacquer} a black resinous substance obtained from certain trees and used as a natural varnish

{n: lanolin} an emollient containing wool fat (a fatty substance obtained from the wool of sheep)

{n: lard} soft white semisolid fat obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the hog

{n: legitimation} the act of rendering a person legitimate
"he has filial rights because he obtained letters of legitimation from the king"
"his parents' subsequent marriage resulted in his legitimation"

{n: lemon oil} fragrant yellow oil obtained from the lemon peel

{n: leucine} a white crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins that is essential for nutrition; obtained by the hydrolysis of most dietary proteins

{n: lincomycin, Lincocin} antibiotic (trade name Lincocin) obtained from a streptomyces bacterium and used in the treatment of certain penicillin-resistant infections

{n: linecut, line engraving} a print obtained from a line drawing

{n: liquid oxygen, LOX} a bluish translucent magnetic liquid obtained by compressing gaseous oxygen and then cooling it below its boiling point; used as an oxidizer in rocket propellants

{n: liquor} a liquid substance that is a solution (or emulsion or suspension) used or obtained in an industrial process
"waste liquors"

{n: litmus, litmus test} a coloring material (obtained from lichens) that turns red in acid solutions and blue in alkaline solutions; used as a very rough acid-base indicator

{n: loot, booty, pillage, plunder, prize, swag, dirty money} goods or money obtained illegally

{n: lower respiratory tract smear, bronchoscopic smear, sputum smear} any of several cytologic smears obtained from different parts of the lower respiratory tract; used for cytologic study of cancer and other diseases of the lungs

{n: lysergic acid} a crystalline acid often used in medical research; obtained from ergotic alkaloids

{n: market capitalization, market capitalisation} an estimation of the value of a business that is obtained by multiplying the number of shares outstanding by the current price of a share

{n: masochism} sexual pleasure obtained from receiving punishment (physical or psychological)

{n: masochist} someone who obtains pleasure from receiving punishment
<-> sadist

{n: mass spectrometer, spectrometer} spectroscope for obtaining a mass spectrum by deflecting ions into a thin slit and measuring the ion current with an electrometer

{n: means, agency, way} how a result is obtained or an end is achieved
"a means of control"
"an example is the best agency of instruction"
"the true way to success"

{n: menhaden oil} a fatty oil obtained from the menhaden fish and used in paint and ink and in treating leather

{n: mesquite gum} a gum obtained from mesquite pods; resembles gum arabic

{n: military intelligence, military intelligence agency} an agency of the armed forces that obtains and analyzes and uses information of strategic or tactical military value

{n: mitomycin, Mutamycin} a complex of antibiotic substances obtained from a streptomyces bacterium; one form (trade name Mutamycin) shows promise as an anticancer drug

{n: montan wax} a hard wax obtained from lignite

{n: mustard oil} oil obtained from mustard seeds and used in making soap

{n: mycomycin} a highly unsaturated antibiotic acid obtained from an actinomycete

{n: natural number} the number 1 and any other number obtained by adding 1 to it repeatedly

{n: necessity, essential, requirement, requisite, necessary} anything indispensable
"food and shelter are necessities of life"
"the essentials of the good life"
"allow farmers to buy their requirements under favorable conditions"
"a place where the requisites of water fuel and fodder can be obtained"
<-> inessential

{n: needle biopsy} biopsy of deep tissue that is obtained through a hollow needle

{n: neomycin, fradicin, Neobiotic} an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used (as a sulphate under the trade name Neobiotic) as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery

{n: nitroglycerin, nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin, glyceryl trinitrate, Nitrospan, Nitrostat} a heavy yellow poisonous oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating glycerol; used in making explosives and medically as a vasodilator (trade names Nitrospan and Nitrostat)

{n: novobiocin} an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used to treat infections by Gram-positive bacteria

{n: oakum} loose hemp or jute fiber obtained by unravelling old ropes; when impregnated with tar it was used to caulk seams and pack joints in wooden ships

{n: obtainment, obtention} the act of obtaining

{n: oil shale} shale from which oil can be obtained by heating

{n: oleo oil} obtained from beef fat; used in making margarine and soap and in lubrication

{n: oleoresin} a naturally occurring mixture of a resin and an essential oil; obtained from certain plants

{n: opisthorchiasis} infestation with flukes obtained from eating raw fish; common in eastern Asia

{n: oral smear} alimentary tract smear of material obtained from the mouth

{n: orchil, archil, cudbear} a purplish dye obtained from orchil lichens

{n: orchotomy} surgical incision into the testis to obtain material for analysis (as in cases of abnormally low sperm count)

{n: oxytetracycline, hydroxytetracycline, oxytetracycline hydrochloride, Terramycin} a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trademark Terramycin) obtained from a soil actinomycete; used to treat various bacterial and rickettsial infections

{n: papain} a proteolytic enzyme obtained from the unripe papaya; used as a meat tenderizer

{n: papaverine, Kavrin} an alkaloid medicine (trade name Kavrin) obtained from opium; used to relax smooth muscles; it is nonaddictive

{n: paraduodenal smear, duodenal smear} alimentary tract smear of material obtained from the duodenum

{n: parasite} an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal or plant); it obtains nourishment from the host without benefiting or killing the host
<-> host

{n: parasitic plant} plant living on another plant and obtaining organic nutriment from it

{n: passive source} an informant who is not assigned to obtain specific intelligence but who routinely passes on whatever information he or she has

{n: peace offering, olive branch} something offered to an adversary in the hope of obtaining peace

{n: penicillin O} a penicillin that is similar in antibiotic action to penicillin G but is obtained differently

{n: penicillin} any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases

{n: peptide} amide combining the amino group of one amino acid with the carboxyl group of another; usually obtained by partial hydrolysis of protein

{n: petrochemical} any compound obtained from petroleum or natural gas

{n: petrolatum, petroleum jelly, mineral jelly} a semisolid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum; used in medicinal ointments and for lubrication

{n: phase I clinical trial, phase I} a clinical trial on a few persons to determine the safety of a new drug or invasive medical device; for drugs, dosage or toxicity limits should be obtained

{n: pine tar} a dark viscous substance obtained from the destructive distillation of pine wood

{n: pisang wax} a wax obtained from the leaves of a plantain

{n: pitch, tar} any of various dark heavy viscid substances obtained as a residue

{n: polymyxin} any of several toxic antibiotics obtained from a particular soil bacterium

{n: porpoise oil} a yellow fatty oil obtained from porpoises and used as a fine lubricant

{n: potential divider, voltage divider} resistors connected in series across a voltage source; used to obtain a desired fraction of the voltage

{n: power politics, gunboat diplomacy} diplomacy in which the nations threaten to use force in order to obtain their objectives

{n: prevailing party} the party in a lawsuit who obtains a judgment in their own favor

{n: price, cost, toll} value measured by what must be given or done or undergone to obtain something
"the cost in human life was enormous"
"the price of success is hard work"
"what price glory?"

{n: privilege} (law) the right to refuse to divulge information obtained in a confidential relationship

{n: procedure, process} a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
"the procedure of obtaining a driver's license"
"it was a process of trial and error"

{n: processing} preparing or putting through a prescribed procedure
"the processing of newly arrived immigrants"
"the processing of ore to obtain minerals"

{n: procurer, securer} someone who obtains or acquires
"the procurer of opera tickets"

{n: product, mathematical product} a quantity obtained by multiplication
"the product of 2 and 3 is 6"

{n: prophecy, prognostication, vaticination} knowledge of the future (usually said to be obtained from a divine source)

{n: proportion} the quotient obtained when the magnitude of a part is divided by the magnitude of the whole

{n: propyl, propyl group, propyl radical} the monovalent organic group C3H7- obtained from propane

{n: propylene, propene} a flammable gas obtained by cracking petroleum; used in organic synthesis

{n: protein} any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
"a diet high in protein"

{n: psilocybin, psilocin} a hallucinogenic compound obtained from a mushroom

{n: pulse, pulse rate, heart rate} the rate at which the heart beats; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health

{n: punchboard} a small board full of holes; each hole contains a slip of paper with symbols printed on it; a gambler pays a small sum for the privilege of pushing out a slip in the hope of obtaining one that entitles him to a prize

{n: pyocyanase} a yellow-green mixture of antibiotics obtained from the bacillus of green pus

{n: quotient} the number obtained by division

{n: racketeer} someone who commits crimes for profit (especially one who obtains money by fraud or extortion)

{n: realization, realisation} a sale in order to obtain money (as a sale of stock or a sale of the estate of a bankrupt person) or the money so obtained

{n: reconnaissance in force} an offensive operation designed to discover or test the enemy's strength (or to obtain other information)

{n: registrant} a person who is formally entered (along with others) in a register (and who obtains certain rights thereby)

{n: registration fire} fire delivered to obtain accurate data for subsequent effective engagement of targets

{n: resin, rosin} any of a class of solid or semisolid viscous substances obtained either as exudations from certain plants or prepared by polymerization of simple molecules

{n: resorcinol} a crystalline phenol obtained from various resins; used in ointments for acne and in dandruff shampoos

{n: respiration, internal respiration, cellular respiration} the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules; processes that take place in the cells and tissues during which energy is released and carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be transported to the lungs

{n: respiratory rate, rate of respiration} the rate at which a person inhales and exhales; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health

{n: restriction endonuclease, restriction nuclease, restriction enzyme} any of the enzymes that cut nucleic acid at specific restriction sites and produce restriction fragments; obtained from bacteria (where they cripple viral invaders); used in recombinant DNA technology

{n: rhenium, Re, atomic number 75} a rare heavy polyvalent metallic element that resembles manganese chemically and is used in some alloys; is obtained as a by-product in refining molybdenum

{n: rubber, natural rubber, India rubber, gum elastic, caoutchouc} an elastic material obtained from the latex sap of trees (especially trees of the genera Hevea and Ficus) that can be vulcanized and finished into a variety of products

{n: sadism} sexual pleasure obtained by inflicting harm (physical or psychological) on others

{n: sadist} someone who obtains pleasure from inflicting pain or others
<-> masochist

{n: sake} the purpose of achieving or obtaining
"for the sake of argument"

{n: salmon oil} a fatty oil obtained from the wastes in canning salmon; used in making soap and dressing leather

{n: salvinorin} a hallucinogen obtained from Salvia divinorum

{n: sardine oil} oil obtained from sardines and used chiefly as a lubricant and in soap

{n: seal oil} a pale yellow to red-brown fatty oil obtained from seal blubber; used in making soap and dressing leather and as a lubricant

{n: seed lac} granular material obtained from stick lac by crushing and washing

{n: sericulture} raising silkworms in order to obtain raw silk

{n: sesame oil} oil obtained from sesame seeds

{n: sex chromatin} chromatin found only in female cells
"the presence or absence of sex chromatin in cells obtained by amniocentesis makes it possible to determine the sex of a fetus"

{n: shark oil, shark-liver oil} a fatty yellow to brown oil obtained from the livers of sharks; used for dressing leather and as a source of vitamin A

{n: ship broker} an agent for the ship owner; obtains cargo and may arrange for its loading or discharge

{n: sounding rocket} a research rocket used to obtain information about the atmosphere at various altitudes

{n: source materials} publications from which information is obtained

{n: source} a document (or organization) from which information is obtained
"the reporter had two sources for the story"

{n: spearmint oil} an aromatic oil obtained from the spearmint plant

{n: specifier} someone who draws up specifications giving details (as for obtaining a patent)

{n: spike lavender oil, spike oil} pale yellow essential oil obtained from spike lavender used in scenting soaps and cosmetics

{n: spy, undercover agent} (military) a secret agent hired by a state to obtain information about its enemies or by a business to obtain industrial secrets from competitors

{n: spyware} computer software that obtains information from a user's computer without the user's knowledge or consent

{n: subsidization, subsidisation} money (or other benefits) obtained as a subsidy

{n: subtilin} a polypeptide antibiotic (similar to bacitracin) obtained from a soil bacterium

{n: sugar beet} form of the common beet having a sweet white root from which sugar is obtained

{n: sum, amount, total} a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers

{n: swab} implement consisting of a small piece of cotton that is used to apply medication or cleanse a wound or obtain a specimen of a secretion

{n: system} a procedure or process for obtaining an objective
"they had to devise a system that did not depend on cooperation"

{n: tallow oil} an animal oil obtained by pressing tallow; used as a lubricant

{n: tallow} obtained from suet and used in making soap, candles and lubricants

{n: tank furnace} furnace into one end of which a batch of measured raw materials is shoveled and from the other end molten glass is obtained

{n: tare} counterweight consisting of an empty container that is used as a counterbalance to obtain net weight

{n: taurine} a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammals

{n: tenderness, soreness, rawness} a pain that is felt (as when the area is touched)
"the best results are generally obtained by inserting the needle into the point of maximum tenderness"
"after taking a cold, rawness of the larynx and trachea come on"

{n: terpene} an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants

{n: thiocyanic acid} an unstable acid that can be obtained by distilling a thiocyanate salt

{n: threshold operation} an operation performed on operands in order to obtain the value of a threshold function

{n: thyroglobulin} an iodine containing protein that is obtained from the thyroid gland and exhibits the general properties of the globulins

{n: tin, Sn, atomic number 50} a silvery malleable metallic element that resists corrosion; used in many alloys and to coat other metals to prevent corrosion; obtained chiefly from cassiterite where it occurs as tin oxide

{n: toluene, methylbenzene} a colorless flammable liquid obtained from petroleum or coal tar; used as a solvent for gums and lacquers and in high-octane fuels

{n: transcript} something that has been transcribed; a written record (usually typewritten) of dictated or recorded speech
"he read a transcript of the interrogation"
"you can obtain a transcript of this radio program by sending a self-addressed envelope to the station"

{n: trapper} someone who sets traps for animals (usually to obtain their furs)

{n: tuna oil} an oil obtained from tuna

{n: tung oil, Chinese wood oil} a yellow oil obtained from the seeds of the tung tree

{n: turpentine, gum terpentine} obtained from conifers (especially pines)

{n: uranyl nitrate} a yellow salt obtained by the reaction of uranium salts with nitric acid

{n: uranyl oxalate} a salt obtained by the reaction of uranium salts with oxalic acid

{n: varnish tree, lacquer tree, Chinese lacquer tree, Japanese lacquer tree, Japanese varnish tree, Japanese sumac, Toxicodendron vernicifluum, Rhus verniciflua} small Asiatic tree yielding a toxic exudate from which lacquer is obtained

{n: vegetable oil, oil} any of a group of liquid edible fats that are obtained from plants

{n: vegetable tallow} a waxy fat obtained from certain plants (e.g. bayberry) and used as tallow

{n: vegetable wax} a waxy substance obtained from plants (especially from the trunks of certain palms)

{n: velleity} a mere wish, unaccompanied by effort to obtain

{n: waiting list} a roster of those waiting to obtain something

{n: well} a deep hole or shaft dug or drilled to obtain water or oil or gas or brine

{n: whale oil, train oil} a white to brown oil obtained from whale blubber; formerly used as an illuminant

{n: wintergreen oil, oil of wintergreen} oil or flavoring obtained from the creeping wintergreen or teaberry plant

{n: woad} a blue dyestuff obtained from the woad plant

{n: wood tar} any tar obtained by the destructive distillation of wood

{n: wormwood oil, absinthe oil} a dark bitter oil obtained from wormwood leaves; flavors absinthe liqueurs

{n: wrester} someone who obtains something by pulling it violently with twisting movements

{n: yellowcake, U308} an impure mixture of uranium oxides obtained during the processing of uranium ore

{n: zirconium, Zr, atomic number 40} a lustrous grey strong metallic element resembling titanium; it is used in nuclear reactors as a neutron absorber; it occurs in baddeleyite but is obtained chiefly from zircon

{v: access} obtain or retrieve from a storage device ; as of information on a computer

{v: beg} ask to obtain free
"beg money and food"

{v: blackmail} obtain through threats

{v: buy, purchase} obtain by purchase ; acquire by means of a financial transaction
"The family purchased a new car"
"The conglomerate acquired a new company"
"She buys for the big department store"
<-> sell

{v: collect, take in} call for and obtain payment of
"we collected over a million dollars in outstanding debts"
"he collected the rent"

{v: come by} obtain, especially accidentally

{v: congee} depart after obtaining formal permission
"He has congeed with the King"

{v: deprive} keep from having, keeping, or obtaining

{v: derive, gain} obtain
"derive pleasure from one's garden"

{v: eke out, squeeze out} obtain with difficulty
"He eked out some information from the archives"

{v: extort, squeeze, rack, gouge, wring} obtain by coercion or intimidation
"They extorted money from the executive by threatening to reveal his past to the company boss"
"They squeezed money from the owner of the business by threatening him"

{v: extort} obtain through intimidation

{v: finance} obtain or provide money for
"Can we finance the addition to our home?"

{v: find} obtain through effort or management
"She found the time and energy to take care of her aging parents"
"We found the money to send our sons to college"

{v: fractionate} obtain by a fractional process

{v: gain, advance, win, pull ahead, make headway, get ahead, gain ground} obtain advantages, such as points, etc.
"The home team was gaining ground"
"After defeating the Knicks, the Blazers pulled ahead of the Lakers in the battle for the number-one playoff berth in the Western Conference"
<-> fall back

{v: grab} obtain illegally or unscrupulously
"Grab power"

{v: hustle, pluck, roll} sell something to or obtain something from by energetic and especially underhanded activity

{v: inherit, come into} obtain from someone after their death
"I inherited a castle from my French grandparents"

{v: isolate} obtain in pure form
"The chemist managed to isolate the compound"

{v: launder} convert illegally obtained funds into legal ones

{v: lose} fail to get or obtain
"I lost the opportunity to spend a year abroad"
<-> win

{v: nail down, nail, peg} succeed in obtaining a position
"He nailed down a spot at Harvard"

{v: nitrate} treat with nitric acid, so as to change an organic compound into a nitrate


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