英语学习词典
  

natural

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natural [ 'nætʃərəl] a.自然界的;天然的

natural ['nætʃərəl] a.自然的, 天生的

受灾群众 people afflicted by a natural disaster

天赋人权 natural rights

西气东输 transmit the natural gas from the western areas to East China; West-East natural gas transmission project

自然保护区 natural reserve; nature preservation zone

自然耗损 natural wearing

自然资源保护区 natural resource protection areas

Natural clear lacquer 清漆

Natural feeling of warmth and texture 质感温暖自然

natural (sign) 本位号

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicular Fuel Systems Code
处置天燃气(CNG)汽车燃料系统规范

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Vehicular Fuel Systems Code
液化天然气体车载系统标准

Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)
液化天然气的生产、储存与处理标准

Natural Antioxidant 天然抗氧化剂

Natural Button 天然材料钮扣

Natural Pigment 天然色素

risk of normal loss (natural loss)? 途耗或自然损耗险

国家自然科学奖 National Prize for Natural Sciences

natural disaster 自然灾害

natural fabric 天然纤维

natural products 天然产品

男女婴每年出生自然比率 natural ratio of males to females born each year

natural ratio of males to females born each year 男女婴每年出生自然比率

There is much discussion over science and technology. One of the questions under debate is whether traditional technology and methods are bound to die out when a country begins to develop modern science and technology.
关于科学技术存在许多争论,其中一个问题是当国家发展现代科学技术时,传统的技术方法是否可能会消亡? 130. As for me, the declining of traditional technology and methods is not a bad thing; it is the natural result of progress of society.
我认为,传统技术方法的消亡不一定是坏事,这是社会进步的自然结果。

环境与资源保护法学 Science of Environment and Natural Resources Protection Law

理学 Natural Science

石油与天然气工程 Oil and Natural Gas Engineering

国际保护自然资源联盟 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)

natural monopoly 自然垄断

Natural 自然的,天然的

natural calamities 自然灾害

natural capital 自然资本

natural economy 自然经济

natural resources 自然资源

tax on natural resources 资源税

汽车悬挂系统固有频率与阻尼比的测定试验
measurement of natural frequency and damping raito of suspension

自然循环液冷却系统
natural circulation type cooling system

自然风冷
natural air cooling

天然气车辆
natural gas vehicle(NGV)

压缩天然气车辆
compressed natural gas vehicle

自然噪声
natural noise

She's a natural crier.
她是个天生爱哭的人。

In truth, politeness is artificial good humor, it covers the natural want of it, and ends by rendering habitual a substitute nearly equivalent to the real virtue.
礼貌实际上是人为的好性情,它掩盖了它天生的不足,结果给惯于此道者提供了与真正美德几乎相当的代用品。

The survival of the fittest, which I have here sought to express in mechanical terms, is that which Mr. Darwin has called 'natural selection', or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life.
我在这里一直想要以机械论术语表达的适者生存,就是达尔文先生说过的“自然选择”,或者说是优越种族在生存斗争中的保存。

Regrets are the natural property of grey hairs.
懊悔是老年人的天性。

Essentially, the research of Natural Language Understanding should be independent of any specific language.
自然语言理解研究本质上应当是独立于具体的语言的。

The Authors doubt that any breakthrough can be made in the research of Chinese Understanding without the grasp of Natural Language Understanding as a whole.
笔者不太相信脱离自然语言理解研究的全局而能够单独或超前取得汉语理解研究的突破。

Native Chinese researchers, however, have the responsibility and also the advantage to explore the general rules of Natural Language Understanding from the very perspective of Chinese Understanding.
但以汉语为母语的学者又有责任也有优势以汉语为主要对象对自然语言理解的一般规律进行研究,从而为解决人类共同的科学难题做出贡献。

For Chinese understanding, it is natural to put content words in the first place, but the meaning of functional words in sentences, dialogues and texts cannot be overlooked, either.
当研究汉语理解时,首先着力于指称概念的实词是理所当然的,但也不能轻视虚词在汉语句子、谈话、篇章中表达意义的作用。

Food is being sent to the victims of the natural terrible event.
食品正被送往遭受严重自然灾害的灾民们。

Some natural matter can glow in the dark.
有些自然物质能在黑暗中闪光。

This is a natural opening for a narrative.
这是叙述性文体的一种很自然的开头方式。

Visitors to the natural park are told to stay away from wild animals.
到天然公园参观的人被告知别靠近野生动物。

Bob has a natural capacity for chemistry.
鲍勃天生就有化学才能。

Storm is a natural disaster.
风暴是一种自然灾害。

There are many different kinds of natural remedies to help overcome iron deficiency.
有很多种不同的自然疗法来帮助克服缺铁。

Amid peace and comfort, you can enjoy healthy and delicious food, natural therapies and treatments, and suitable physical exercise in our sanatorium.
在我们疗养院,在安宁与舒适中,您可以享受健康美味的食品,接受自然疗法,以及进行适当的体育锻炼。

My country is rich in natural resources.
我国自然资源丰富。

Events took their natural course.
事态依自然进程发展。

This harbor is a natural harbor.
这个港口是天然港。

It's quite natural that you should succeed.
你的成功是很自然的事情。

I prefer to see animals living in their natural state.
我宁愿看处于野生状态的动物。

She has a natural wave in her hair.
她的头发自然卷曲。

我当然会生气了。
It's natural for me to get angry. *It's natural for...to “当然(自然)会”。
Why shouldn't I be angry?
I have a right to be upset!
My reaction is completely appropriate. (我这样的反应是自然的。) *appropriate “与目的、条件等相称的,适合的,恰当的”。

她是个天生爱哭的人。
She‘s a natural crier.

Dying is as natural as living.
死亡与生存一样自然。

risk of normal loss (natural loss)? 途耗或自然损耗险

A You’re right. Beijing needs more metros and buses.
A 你说得对。北京需要更多的地铁和公共汽车。
B They are building new metro lines for the Olympics.
B 为迎接奥运会北京正在修建新的地铁线路。
A Beijing needs them! Every time I come to Beijing there seems to be more traffic.
A 北京太需要这个了!每次我来北京都觉得好像车又比以前多了。
B I know, but things will get better. There will be new buses too.
B 我知道,但是情况会好转的。北京还将有新的公共汽车。
A That’s good. I guess it’s just natural. As a city grows, it gets more traffic.
A 那好啊。我想这是自然的。当一个城市在发展时,它的车辆也会增多。
B Yes. But it would be good to have a better transport system and less car pollution.
B 是的。但是如果交通系统更发达而汽车污染更少就好了。

Words may be false and full of arts ,sighs are the natural language of the heart.
Thomas Shadwell, British dramatist
言语可以是谎言并带有技巧;叹息才是心灵的自然流露。
英国剧作家沙德韦尔.T.

Histories make men wise; poems witty; the mathematics subtle; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend.
Francis Bacon, British Philosopher
历史使人明智;诗词使人灵秀;数学使人周密;自然哲学使人深刻;伦理使人庄重;逻辑辞学使人善辩。
英国哲学家培根.F.

Naturl abilities are like natural plants that need pruning by study.
Francis Bacon, British philoslpher
天生的才干如同天生的植物一样,需要靠学习来修剪。
英国哲学家培根.F.

Every soil where he is well, is to a valiand man his natural country.
Masinger Phililp, British dramatist
勇敢的人随遇而安,所到之处都是故乡。
英国剧作家菲利普.M.

Let early education be a sort of a musement; you will then be bette able to find out the natural bent.
Plato, ancient Greek Philosophe 
初期教育应是一种娱乐,这样才更容易发现一个人天生的爱好。
古希腊哲学家柏拉图

@@@ 选择
candidate for ...的候选人
natural selection 自然选择
pick out 精心挑选
prefer to 1.宁愿..., 更喜爱
2.喜爱A甚于B; 选择A而不选择B
run for 竞选
sift through 筛选; 详查; 细查
sign up for 报名, 注册; 选课
single out 挑出, 选出
try out for (为获得球队或演出的一个角色职位等)参加选拔
vote in 投票选出

@@@ 生命, 生育
all one's life 一生, 一辈子
at birth 刚出生
baby boom 生育高峰时期
be born of 源于; 出生于
be born to 天生注定
bring forth 引起, 使产生; 生(孩子)
bring through 救活(病人)
bring up 1.养育; 教育
2.提出(议题)
come from 开始于...; 起源于...; 出生于...
come through 熬过(困难、危险等)而活下来
fatal to 对...是致命的
give birth to 1.生(孩子)
2.使诞生, 引起
make sketches 写生, 素描
native to 固有的, 土生土长的
natural balance 生态平衡
reproductive capability 生殖能力
reproductive organ 生殖器官
spring up 突然出现; 迅速生长

@@@ 平衡
keep one's balance 保持(身体)平衡
make ends meet 收支平衡
natural balance 生态平衡

@@@ 自由
at liberty (to do sth.) 自由地, 随意
ill at ease 拘束; 不自在; 局促不安
natural selection 自然选择
set free 释放, 使获得自由

本能的 natural; involantary; unconditioned; instinctive

本位音 natural

备荒 [bèi huāng] /prepare against natural disasters/

本色 [běn sè] /inherent qualities/natural qualities/distinctive character/true qualities/

本色 [běn shǎi] /natural color/

本性 [běn xìng] /natural instincts/nature/inherent quality/

禀 [bǐng] /natural property or endowment/report to (a superior)/

禀赋 [bǐng fù] /natural endowment/gift/

秉性 [bǐng xìng] /(n) natural disposition, natural attitude/

禀性 [bǐng xìng] /natural disposition/

博物 [bó wù] /natural science/

当然 [dāng rán] /only natural/as it should be/certainly/of course/without doubt/

风光 [fēng guāng] /(n) natural scenic view/

开采 [kāi cǎi] /(v) extract ore or some other natural resource from a mine/

淘汰 [táo tài] /to die out/to eliminate (in a competition)/natural selection/

天然 [tiān rán] /natural/

天然气 [tiān rán qì] /natural gas/

天生 [tiān shēng] /(adj) innate; natural/

灾荒 [zāi huāng] /(n) natural disaster; famine/

资源 [zī yuán] /(natural) resources/

自然 [zì rán] /nature/natural/naturally/

自然界 [zì rán jiè] /nature/the natural world/

自然科学 [zì rán kē xué] /natural sciences/

自然科学基金会 [zì rán kē xué jī jīn huì] /natural science fund/

If you feel awkward being humorous, you must practice so that it becomes more natural.
如果你在幽默时感到很别扭,你应该进行练习使它变得更自然。
Include a few casual and apparently off-the-cuff remarks which you can deliver in a relaxed and unforced manner.
包括一些很随便的、看上去是即兴的话,你可以用轻松的、不做作的方式把它们说出来。
Often it's the delivery which causes the audience to smile, so speak slowly and remember that a raised eyebrow or an unbelieving look may help to show that you are making a light-hearted remark.
常常是你说话的方式使听众发笑,因此说慢一些,并且记住扬扬眉毛或者做出一种不相信的表情都会向人们显示你正在说笑话。

Being a man has always been dangerous.
做男人总是充满危险,
There are about 105 males born for every 100 females, but this ratio drops to near balance at the age of maturity, and among 70-year-olds there are twice as many women as men.
出生时男女比例大约是105:100,但到了成熟期,这一比例几乎持平,而在70岁的老人中女性是男性的两倍,
But the great universal of male mortality is being changed.
但是男性死亡率普遍偏高这种情况正在改变,
Now, by babies survive almost as well as girls do.
现在男婴存活率几乎同女婴一样高。
This means that, for the first time, there will be an excess of boys in those crucial years when the are searching for a mate.
这就意味着男孩到了寻找伴侣的关键年龄将首次出现男孩过剩现象。
More important, another chance for natural selection has been removed.
更重要的是,又一次自然选择的机会不复存在了。

Nowadays the number of births, like the age of death, has become average.
当今婴儿出生的数量同死亡年龄一样已趋于平均化,
Most of us have roughly the same number of offspring.
我们多数人的子女数量大致相同。
Again, differences between people and the opportunity for natural selection to take advantage of it have diminished.
人与人之间的差异和利用差异进行自然选择的机会再一次减少。

The grand mediocrity of today — everyone being the same in survival and number of offspring — means that natural selection has lost 80% of its power in upper-middle-class India compared to the tribes.
今天这种极其显著的平均化——每个人的生存机会和子女数量都相同——意味着与部落相比较,自然选择在印度中、上层已经失去了80%的效力。

Economists have been particularly surprised by favourable inflation figures in Britain and the United States, since conventional measures suggest that both economies, and especially America's, have little productive slack. America's capacity utilisation, for example, hit historically high levels earlier this year, and its jobless rate (5.6% in August) has fallen below most estimates of the natural rate of unemployment — the rate below which inflation has taken off on the past.
经济学家对英美两国有利的通胀率感到特别诧异,因为传统的计量方法表明两国经济,特别是美国经济几乎没有生产萧条的时候。比如,美国的生产力利用率在今年前段时间达到了历史最高水平,失业率(8月份为5.6%)已降到低于对自然失业率的大多数估测——过去,当比率低于自然失业率时,通货膨胀率早已迅速上升。

Yet, dramatic instances of sudden forgetting can be seen to be adaptive.
然而戏剧性地突然遗忘的例子也可被看做具有适应性。
In this sense, the ability to forget can be interpreted to have survived through a process of natural selection in animals.
从这个意义上说,遗忘能力可解释为动物在自然选择的过程中幸存下来的能力。
Indeed, when one's memory of emotionally painful experience lead to serious anxiety, forgetting may produce relief.
的确,如果记住一段痛苦的情感经历会导致严重的焦虑,那么遗忘倒可以使人得到解脱。

Nevertheless, an evolutionary interpretation might make it difficult to understand how the commonly gradual process of forgetting survived natural selection.
然而,进化论的解释可能会使人难以理解普遍的渐进遗忘过程是如何在自然选择中幸存下来的。

The important factor in a private-enterprise economy is that individuals are allowed to own productive resources (private property), and they are permitted to hire labor gain control over natural resources, and produce goods and services for sale at a profit.
私有企业经济的一个重要因素是允许个人拥有生产资料(私有财产),允许他们雇用劳动力,控制自然资源,通过生产产品、提供服务来获取利润。

{adj: Siberian} of or relating to or characteristic of Siberia or the Siberians
"Siberian natural resources"
"Siberian coal miners"
"the Siberian tundra"

{adj: artificial, unreal} contrived by art rather than nature
"artificial flowers"
"artificial flavoring"
"an artificial diamond"
"artificial fibers"
"artificial sweeteners"
<-> natural

{adj: artificial} not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes

{adj: artless} simple and natural; without cunning or deceit
"an artless manner"
"artless elegance"
<-> artful

{adj: au jus} served in its natural juices or gravy
"roast beef au jus"

{adj: bald, denuded, denudate} without the natural or usual covering
"a bald spot on the lawn"
"bare hills"

{adj: bare} lacking its natural or customary covering
"a bare hill"
"bare feet"
<-> covered

{adj: bleached, colored, coloured, dyed} (used of color) artificially produced; not natural
"a bleached blonde"

{adj: bluff} bluntly direct and outspoken but good-natured
"a bluff but pleasant manner"
"a bluff and rugged natural leader"

{adj: bright} having lots of light either natural or artificial
"the room was bright and airy"
"a stage bright with spotlights"

{adj: candid} informal or natural; especially caught off guard or unprepared
"a candid photograph"
"a candid interview"

{adj: clairvoyant} perceiving things beyond the natural range of the senses

{adj: clean-burning} leaving little contamination while consuming fuel
"natural gas is a clean-burning fuel"

{adj: constrained, forced, strained} lacking spontaneity; not natural
"a constrained smile"
"forced heartiness"
"a strained smile"

{adj: conventionalized, conventionalised, stylized, stylised} using artistic forms and conventions to create effects; not natural or spontaneous
"a stylized mode of theater production"

{adj: cultivated} no longer in the natural state; developed by human care and for human use
"cultivated roses"
"cultivated blackberries"

{adj: denatured, denaturized, denaturised} changed in nature or natural quality
"denatured alcohol"

{adj: disjunct} used of distributions, as of statistical or natural populations
"disjunct distribution of king crabs"

{adj: dried, dehydrated, desiccated} preserved by removing natural moisture
"dried beef"
"dried fruit"
"dehydrated eggs"
"shredded and desiccated coconut meat"

{adj: dry} free from liquid or moisture; lacking natural or normal moisture or depleted of water; or no longer wet
"dry land"
"dry clothes"
"a dry climate"
"dry splintery boards"
"a dry river bed"
"the paint is dry"
<-> wet

{adj: echoic, imitative, onomatopoeic, onomatopoeical, onomatopoetic} (of words) formed in imitation of a natural sound
"onomatopoeic words are imitative of noises"
"it was independently developed in more than one place as an onomatopoetic term"- Harry Hoijer
<-> nonechoic

{adj: equitable, just} implying justice dictated by reason, conscience, and a natural sense of what is fair to all
"equitable treatment of all citizens"
"an equitable distribution of gifts among the children"
<-> inequitable

{adj: factitious} not produced by natural forces
"brokers created a factitious demand for stocks"

{adj: flat} lowered in pitch by one chromatic semitone
"B flat"
<-> natural, sharp

{adj: free-and-easy, casual} natural and unstudied
"using their Christian names in a casual way"
"lectured in a free-and-easy style"

{adj: impulsive, unprompted} proceeding from natural feeling or impulse without external stimulus
"an impulsive gesture of affection"

{adj: incurious} showing absence of intellectual inquisitiveness or natural curiosity
"strangely incurious about the cause of the political upheaval surrounding them"
<-> curious

{adj: intuitive} spontaneously derived from or prompted by a natural tendency
"an intuitive revulsion"

{adj: labored, laboured, strained} lacking natural ease
"a labored style of debating"

{adj: lawful, orderly, rule-governed} according to custom or rule or natural law

{adj: lifelike, natural} free from artificiality
"a lifelike pose"
"a natural reaction"

{adj: living} (used of minerals or stone) in its natural state and place; not mined or quarried
"carved into the living stone";

{adj: man-made, semisynthetic, synthetic} not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially
"man-made fibers"
"synthetic leather"

{adj: matter-of-course} expected or depended upon as a natural or logical outcome

{adj: mature} having reached full natural growth or development
"a mature cell"
<-> immature

{adj: natural, born, innate} being talented through inherited qualities
"a natural leader"
"a born musician"
"an innate talent"

{adj: natural, instinctive} unthinking; prompted by (or as if by) instinct
"a cat's natural aversion to water"
"offering to help was as instinctive as breathing"

{adj: natural, raw, rude} (used especially of commodities) being unprocessed or manufactured using only simple or minimal processes
"natural yogurt"
"natural produce"
"raw wool"
"raw sugar"
"bales of rude cotton"

{adj: natural} (of a key) containing no sharps or flats; (of a note) being neither raised nor lowered by one chromatic semitone
"a natural scale"
"B natural"
<-> sharp, flat

{adj: natural} existing in or in conformity with nature or the observable world; neither supernatural nor magical
"a perfectly natural explanation"
<-> supernatural

{adj: natural} existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation
"a natural pearl"
"natural gas"
"natural silk"
"natural blonde hair"
"a natural sweetener"
"natural fertilizers"
<-> artificial

{adj: natural} functioning or occurring in a normal way; lacking abnormalities or deficiencies
"it's the natural thing to happen"
"natural immunity"
"a grandparent's natural affection for a grandchild"

{adj: natural} in accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature
"a very natural development"
"our natural environment"
"natural science"
"natural resources"
"natural cliffs"
"natural phenomena"
<-> unnatural

{adj: natural} related by blood; not adopted
"natural parent"

{adj: nonsynthetic} involving or derived from living organisms; free from chemical treatments or additives
"organic gardening is more natural"
"nonsynthetic fertilizer"

{adj: odoriferous, odorous, perfumed, scented, sweet, sweet-scented, sweet-smelling} having a natural fragrance
"odoriferous spices"
"the odorous air of the orchard"
"the perfumed air of June"
"scented flowers"

{adj: open} without undue constriction as from e.g. tenseness or inhibition
"the clarity and resonance of an open tone"
"her natural and open response"

{adj: physical} according with material things or natural laws (other than those peculiar to living matter)
"a reflex response to physical stimuli"

{adj: processed} prepared or converted from a natural state by subjecting to a special process
"processed ores"
<-> unprocessed

{adj: resourceless} lacking or deficient in natural resources

{adj: rich} having an abundant supply of desirable qualities or substances (especially natural resources)
"blessed with a land rich in minerals"
"rich in ideas"
"rich with cultural interest"
<-> poor

{adj: scenic} used of locations; having beautiful natural scenery
"scenic drives"

{adj: self-seeded, self-sown, self-sowed} growing from seed dispersed by natural agency such as wind or birds

{adj: sharp} raised in pitch by one chromatic semitone
"C sharp"
<-> flat, natural

{adj: supernatural} not existing in nature or subject to explanation according to natural laws; not physical or material
"supernatural forces and occurrences and beings"
<-> natural

{adj: synthetic} not genuine or natural
"counterfeit rhetoric that flourishes when passions are synthetic"- George Will

{adj: tenor} of or close in range to the highest natural adult male voice
"tenor voice"

{adj: tonsured} having a bald spot either shaved or natural
"tonsured monks"

{adj: umber} of the color of any of various natural brown earth pigments

{adj: uncapped} used especially of front teeth
"natural uncapped teeth"

{adj: underivative} not derivative or imitative
"a natural underivative poet"

{adj: unexploited, undeveloped} undeveloped or unused
"vast unexploited (or undeveloped) natural resources"
<-> exploited

{adj: unimproved} (of land) not cleared of trees and brush; in the wild or natural state
"a farm with 50 acres of unimproved and 68 acres of improved land"
"unimproved woodlands"

{adj: unmannered} without artificiality; natural
"the doctor's quiet unmannered entry"

{adj: unnatural} not in accordance with or determined by nature; contrary to nature
"an unnatural death"
"the child's unnatural interest in death"
<-> natural

{adj: unprocessed} not altered from an original or natural state
"unprocessed commodities"
<-> processed

{adj: unseen} not seen or perceived
"unseen natural resources"

{adj: violent} effected by force or injury rather than natural causes
"a violent death"

{adj: wild, untamed} in a natural state; not tamed or domesticated or cultivated
"wild geese"
"edible wild plants"
<-> tame

{adv: artificially, unnaturally, by artificial means} not according to nature; not by natural means
"artificially induced conditions"
<-> naturally

{adv: in situ, in place} in the original or natural place or site
"carcinoma in situ"
"the archeologists left the pottery in place"

{adv: meagerly, sparingly, slenderly, meagrely} to a meager degree or in a meager manner
"these voices are meagerly represented at the conference"
"the area is slenderly endowed with natural resources"
<-> amply

{adv: naturally} according to nature; by natural means; without artificial help
"naturally grown flowers"
<-> artificially

{adv: naturally} in a natural or normal manner
"speak naturally and easily"
<-> unnaturally

{adv: thence, therefrom, thereof} from that circumstance or source
"atomic formulas and all compounds thence constructible"- W.V.Quine
"a natural conclusion follows thence"
"public interest and a policy deriving therefrom"
"typhus fever results therefrom"

{n: Alberta} one of the three prairie provinces in western Canada; rich in oil and natural gas and minerals

{n: Aristotelianism} (philosophy) the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science
"Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Western thought"

{n: Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis} a beetle from China that has been found in the United States and is a threat to hardwood trees; lives inside the tree; no natural predators in the United States

{n: Bradley method of childbirth, Bradley method} a method that prepares a mother for natural childbirth by providing education and exercises and nutrition and techniques of breathing and relaxation (with the assistance of the father)

{n: Bremerhaven} a port city in northwestern Germany at the mouth of the Weser River on the North Sea; has a deep natural harbor and is an important shipping center

{n: Cycadopsida, class Cycadopsida, Cycadophytina, subdivision Cycadophytina, Cycadophyta, subdivision Cycadophyta} palmlike gymnosperms: includes the surviving order Cycadales and several extinct orders; possibly not a natural group; in some systems considered a class (Cycadopsida) and in others a subdivision (Cycadophytina or Cycadophyta)

{n: Darwin, Charles Darwin, Charles Robert Darwin} English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection (1809-1882)

{n: Darwinism} a theory of organic evolution claiming that new species arise and are perpetuated by natural selection

{n: Department of the Interior, Interior Department, Interior, DoI} the United States federal department charged with conservation and the development of natural resources; created in 1849

{n: Lamaze method of childbirth, Lamaze method} a method that prepares a mother for natural childbirth; the pregnant woman (in classes and at home) practices (usually with the help of a coach) learns about the physiology of childbirth and techniques of relaxation and concentration and breathing

{n: Moon} the natural satellite of the Earth
"the average distance to the moon is 384,400 kilometers"
"men first stepped on the moon in 1969"

{n: Mumbai, Bombay} a city in western India just off the coast of the Arabian Sea; India's 2nd largest city (after Calcutta); has the only natural deep-water harbor in western India

{n: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA} an agency in the Department of Commerce that maps the oceans and conserves their living resources; predicts changes to the earth's environment; provides weather reports and forecasts floods and hurricanes and other natural disasters related to weather

{n: National Trust, NT} an organization concerned to preserve historic monuments and buildings and places of historical interest or natural beauty; founded in 1895 and supported by endowment and private subscription

{n: Perciformes, order Perciformes, Percomorphi, order Percomorphi} one of the largest natural groups of fishes of both marine and fresh water: true perches; basses; tuna

{n: Pliny, Pliny the Elder, Gaius Plinius Secundus} Roman author of an encyclopedic natural history; died while observing the eruption of Vesuvius (23-79)

{n: Portland} freshwater port and largest city in Oregon; located in northwestern Oregon on the Willamette River which divides the city into east and west sections; renowned for its beautiful natural setting among the mountains

{n: Prolog, logic programing, logic programming} a computer language designed in Europe to support natural language processing

{n: Read method of childbirth, Read method} a method of natural childbirth that assumes it is a normal process and that the pain is largely psychological; involves education and breathing exercises to foster relaxation and other exercises

{n: Reykjavik, capital of Iceland} the capital and chief port of Iceland on the southwestern coast of Iceland; buildings are heated by natural hot water

{n: Rousseau, Jean-Jacques Rousseau} French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution (1712-1778)

{n: Royal Society, Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge} an honorary English society (formalized in 1660 and given a royal charter by Charles II in 1662) through which the British government has supported science


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