英语学习词典
  

last

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last [ la:st] a.最后的 ad.最后

last [ la:st] vi.持续,持久;耐久

first or last (古)迟早,早晚

at last 最终,终于

at last 最,终于

in the last place 最后

at last
最,终于

in the last place
最后

last [la:st] a. 最近刚过去的;最后的 ad. 最近刚过去;最后地 n.最后

last [la:st] v. 持续, 支持, 维持

末位淘汰 (under the new personnel system) the person graded last in the performance evaluation will be laid off from his position

压轴戏 grand finale; last and best item on a theatrical program

Functional, ergonomic, long-lasting 功能齐全,人体工艺,经久耐用

insurance on last survivor 长寿保险

hard feelings 怨气
A: Man, I'm really sorry about what happened last night.
A: 老兄啊! 昨晚的事真是抱歉...
B: It's all right. It's over with. No hard feelings.
B: 没关系。已经过去了。没什么好生气了。
- "It's over with" 是「已经过去了」。结束某种不愉快的情绪, 可以用 「get over」。
如 "I know you were mad at him for what he had done. But, it has been five years. Get over it."
我知道你很气他所作的事, 但是这已经是五年前的事了, 你应该释怀了。

down-to-earth 实在的
A: I had a chance to chat with Dr. Lee last time. I was totally surprised to find out that a famous person like him can be so down-to-earth.
A: 我上次有機會跟 Dr. Lee 閒聊。 我很驚訝地發現一個像他這樣有名氣的人竟然可以這樣的真實純樸。
B: Really? Tell me more about it.
B: 真的啊? 再跟我多講一點!

sweet 替人设想的
A: I knew you couldn't make it last night so I've got some of the food from the party saved up for you.
A: 我知道你昨晚不能来, 所以我把聚会吃的东西留了一些起来给你。
B: You did? Oh! That's so sweet of you, Carol.
B: 真的啊? Carol, 妳真是太好了!
- 形容一个人的心地好的字眼常用的有像"nice"、"kind"等等。
"sweet" 这个字可以用在男或女的身上。 当我们说"She's a very sweet person."
就是来形容这个人的个性中有喜欢替别人设想的特质。

Allow me to congratulate you on the arrival of the New Year and to extend to
you all my best wishes for your perfect health and lasting prosperity.
恭贺新禧,祝身体健康、事业发达。

I give you endless brand-new good wishes. Please accept them as a new
remembrance of our lasting friendship.
给你我无尽的新的祝福,让它们成为我们永恒友谊的新的纪念。

good to the last drop 滴滴香浓

Allow me to congratulate you on the arrival of the New Year and to extend to you all my best wishes for your perfect health and lasting prosperity.
恭贺新禧,祝身体健康、事业发达。

I give you endless brand-new good wishes. Please accept them as a new
remembrance of our lasting friendship.
给你我无尽的新的祝福,让它们成为我们永恒友谊的新的纪念。

to give the last measure of devotion 鞠躬尽瘁 .

The last train this evening will be the service to … 今晚最后一列火车是到……

All sessions last for approximately 1 hour.
演出大约1小时

at last 终于

末件比较 last off part comparison

appointment last held
离职时的职位

In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.
在过去的几十年,先进的医疗技术已经使得人们比过去活的时间更长成为可能。

The information I've collected over last few years leads me to believe that this knowledge may be less useful than most people think.
从这几年我搜集的信息来看,这些知识并没有人们想象的那么有用。

Although people’s lives have been dramatically changed over the last decades, it must be admitted that, shortage of funds is still the one of the biggest questions that students nowadays have to face because that tuition fees and prices of books are soaring by the day.
近几十年,尽管人们的生活有了惊人的改变,但必须承认,由于学费和书费日益飞涨,资金短缺仍然是学生们面临的最大问题之一。

But is it really the case? The information I've collected over last few years leads me to believe that artistic and cultural projects may be less useful than many governments think. In fact, basic infrastructure projects are playing extremely important role and should be given priority.
这是真的吗?这些年我收集的信息让我相信这些文化、艺术项目并没有许多政府想象的那么重要。事实上,基础设施建设非常重要,应该放在首位。

Furthermore, people who addict to fashion clothes have to spend more time going shopping and pay more attention to the impression they make on others. As a result, it is impossible to devote enough time and energy in their study and job.
而且,沉湎于时尚服装的人们不得不花费更多时间逛商店,更加注意自己给别人的印象。因此,他们不可能有足够的时间用于学习或工作。 112a. No one can doubt the essential fact that the traffic problem over the last years has caused wide public concern all over the world. Experts in increasing numbers are beginning to believe that such situation would produce unfavorable effects on economic growth of local areas.
没有人能否认这一重要事实:最近几年交通问题在全世界受到了普遍关注。越来越多的专家开始相信这种状况将对当地的经济发展产生不利影响。

Many survey show that people in increasing numbers are beginning to recognize that boarding school provides better environment and facilities for children.
许多调查显示越来越多的人开始意识到寄宿学校能给他们的孩子提供较好的学习环境和设施。 120. At the same time, there are still many people who live under the traditional ideas that day schools play an extremely important role in children's study.
同时,仍有许多人持传统观点认为日制学校对孩子的学习发挥着极其重要的作用。
 121. On the one hand, it is indisputable that boarding schools are exerting a growing important effect, especially in last few years.
一方面,寄宿学校正在发挥越来越重要的作用,尤其是最近几年,这是无可争辩的。

1. Good to the last drop.
  滴滴香浓,意犹未尽。(麦斯威尔咖啡)
  
2. Obey your thirst.
  服从你的渴望。(雪碧)
 
3. The new digital era.
  数码新时代。(索尼影碟机)
  
4. We lead. Others copy.
  我们领先,他人仿效。(理光复印机)
  
5. Impossible made possible.
  使不可能变为可能。(佳能打印机)
  
6. Take time to indulge.
  尽情享受吧!(雀巢冰激凌)
  
7. The relentless pursuit of perfection.
  不懈追求完美。 (凌志轿车)
  
8. Poetry in motion, dancing close to me.
  动态的诗,向我舞近。(丰田汽车)
  
9. Come to where the flavor is. Marlboro Country.  
  光临风韵之境——万宝路世界。(万宝路香烟)
  
10.To me, the past is black and white, but the future is always color.  
 
  对我而言,过去平淡无奇;而未来,却是绚烂缤纷。(轩尼诗酒)
  
Just do it.
  只管去做。(耐克运动鞋)
  
Ask for more.
  渴望无限。(百事流行鞋)
  
The taste is great.
  味道好极了。(雀巢咖啡)
  
Feel the new space.
  感受新境界。(三星电子)
  
Intelligence everywhere.
  智慧演绎,无处不在。(摩托罗拉手机)
  
The choice of a new generation.
  新一代的选择。(百事可乐)
  
We integrate, you communicate.
  我们集大成,您超越自我。(三菱电工)
  
Take TOSHIBA, take the world.
  拥有东芝,拥有世界。(东芝电子)
  
Let’s make things better.  
  让我们做得更好。(飞利浦电子)
  
No business too small, no problem too big.  
  没有不做的小生意,没有解决不了的大问题。 (IBM公司)

Compared with last year 与上年比较

Last in first out 后进先出

method of last-in, first-out 后进先出法

How long did it last?.
持续了多久?

I will live this day as if it is my last.
今天是我生命中的最后一天

Nothing lasts forever--not even your troubles.
没有什么是永远的----你的困难也是这样。

In the last analysis, it is our conception of death which decides our answers to all the questions that life puts to us.
归根结底,是对死亡的看法决定了我们对生活所提出的一切问题的回答。

As long as the world shall last there will be wrong, and if no man rebelled, those wrongs would last forever.
只要世界继续存在就会有不公正,如果没有人反抗,这些不公正将永远存在下去。

Men always want to be a women's first love; women have a more subtle instinct; what they like is to be a man's last romance.
男人总想成为女人的第一个恋人,女人则具有更微妙的本能,她希望成为男人追求的最后一个对象。

The use of technology has increased a lot in the last twenty years.
在最近20年中技术的应用增加了很多。

He went to bed hungry last night.
他昨夜饿着肚子上床睡觉。

I heard her sing in the next room last night.
昨夜我听见她在隔壁房间唱歌。

If he had studied hard last term, he would not have failed in the final test.
要是上学期努力, 那大考他就不会不及格了。

His home area suffered from a plague of dry weather last year.
去年他的家乡遭受了旱灾。

Sales are up 20% from last year: that's very satisfactory.
销售额比去年增加了20%,非常令人满意。

The higher income taxes imposed on the people by the government last year were very unpopular.
去年政府强加于人民头上的更加高额的税收很不得人心。

His performance at the party last night was very good.
昨晚他在晚会上的表演很棒。

His son joined the Marines last year.
他的儿子去年参加了海军陆战队。

Can you account for your being absent last Friday?
你能说明上周五缺席的原因吗?

The company has promoted her twice in the last two years.
公司在去年提升了她二次。

He at last got a chance to compete in the Olympics.
他终于获得了参加奥运会比赛的机会。

Our team at last triumphed over theirs at yesterday's match.
我们队在昨天比赛中最后战胜了他们队。

You can omit the last two sentences of the passage.
你可以把这篇文章的最后两句话删去。

When you rewrite the paper I advise you to omit the last sentences.
在你重写这篇文章时,我建议你删去最后的一些句子。

Our country has experienced great changes in the last thirty years.
我国在过去30年中经历了巨大变化。

The subject of the film I saw last night was certainly not novel; there have been at least five films in the last year with the same idea.
昨天晚上看到的电影主题并不新颖;在去年至少有5部片子都是这个主题。

The highway was built last year.
这条高速公路是去年修建的。

An accident in which five cars were involved caused the death of six people on the highway last night.
昨天晚上,有五辆车卷入了一场事故,造成了六个人死在高速公路上。

There was an abundance of wheat last year.
去年小麦丰收。

The last few years have seen an explosive increase in the number of homeless people on our streets.
近几年我们的街道上无家可归的人数激增。

She got a divorce from him last year.
她去年和他离了婚。

Mary was so supportive of me when I was fired last year.
我去年被解雇时, 玛丽给了我极大的支持。

His last novel is his greatest contribution to the literature of Spain.
他最后的一篇小说是他对西班牙文学的最大贡献。

It’ll be cheaper in the long run to use real leather because it will last longer.
从长远看,用真皮更合算, 因为真皮耐用。

Of course plastic is cheaper than leather in the short run, but it won’t last long.
从短期看, 塑料当然比真皮便宜, 但塑料不经用。

Last year the company offered to buy pre-1971 cars for 700 dollars each.
去年公司提出以每辆700元的价格收购1971年前生产的汽车。

I give you this ring as a pledge of my ever-lasting love for you.
我送你这枚戒指,作为我对你永恒爱情的见证。

This piece of land yielded a crop worth $500,000 last year.
这块地去年长出的庄稼值50万美元。

It’s marvelous that we can at last buy our own house.
太好了,我们终于能购买自己的房子了。

Another 700 jobs are being cut this year, on top of the 2,000 that were lost last year.
除了去年削减的2,000个工作外, 今年将再减少700个岗位。

This agreement paves the way for (or: to) a lasting peace in the region.
这项协议为本地区的持久和平铺平了道路。

Most of the diseased trees were chopped down last year.
大多数的病树在去年给砍倒了。

He was set free last week along with three other Englishmen.
他上周和其他三个英国人一起被放了出来。

He began living out his rock ‘n' roll fantasy during his last year in law school.
在法学院的最后一年里,他就开始实践他的摇滚梦了。

Plus, nobody cares where we were last night.
况且也没人在意我们昨晚在哪儿。

The standard of performance has gone up since last year, as the players have gained more experience.
由于演员更有经验了,自去年以来表演水平提高了。

The strike lasted for several weeks until a settlement was reached.
罢工持续了几周,直到达成协议为止。

Several government officials came to inspect our factory last week.
几名政府官员上星期来我们工厂视察。

The toy company went bankrupt last year, because it was unable to sell its products.
由于产品销不出去,这家玩具公司已于去年破产了。

The standard of performance has gone down since last year.
表演水平自去年以来下降了。

The computer company had a net profit margin of 30% last year.
去年这家电脑公司实现30%的净利润率。

At last the line of people waiting to go into the cinema began to move forward.
等待进入电影院的长队终于开始向前移动了。

Production is lagging behind last year’s total.
产量低于去年的总数。

Retail sales grew just 3.8 percent last year.
零售额去年仅增长了3.8%。

Their quarrel dates back to last year.
他们去年就开始不和了。

What did you do the week before last?
上上星期你干了什么?

It's been 5 years since I last saw you.
我已5年没见你了。

What were you doing this time last year?
去年这时候你在干什么?

How long will the sale last?
折价销售多久?

It's been a whole year since I last saw you.
我整整一年没见你了。

I heard she got married last week.
我听说她上星期结婚了。

It has been a long time since last came here.
自从我上次来这里已经有很长时间了。

They've been working on this project since last year.
他们从去年开始一直都在做这个项目。

Mary gave birth to a baby last week.
玛丽上星期做妈妈了。

Really? I was introduced to her just last weekend.
真的?上周末我才被介绍给她。

She sent me a Christmas card last year.
去年寄过一张圣诞卡。

But last year we had a big one.
但去年下了大雪。

Did you see the special last night?
昨晚你看特别节目了吗?

What have you been doing since I saw you last time?
自从我上次见到你以后你都在干什么?

I had thought about living with my grandparents when my parents went abroad last year.
当我的父母去年出国的时候,我本想和我的祖父母住在一起。

I worked as an intern in that firm last summer.
去年夏天我在那家商行实习。

My class went camping last summer.
去年夏天我们班去露营了。

I subscribed to a lot of periodicals last year.
去年我订了许多期刊。

I caught the last bus. 我赶上了最后一班车。

I get hold of you at last. 我终于找到你了。

She sang perfectly in the hall last night.她昨晚在大厅唱得非常好。

Not until last week did I get a work permit.直到上周我才拿到工作许可证。

The action lasted three hours.
战斗持续了三个小时。

There have been great advances in medicine in the last ten years.
在过去十年里,医学取得了巨大的进步。

He made 48 baskets in the game last night.
他在昨晚的比赛中独得了48分。

Last year there were many more births than deaths.
去年的出生人数大于死亡人数。

The cold weather at last broke at the end of March.
寒冷的天气终于在三月末结束了。

The value of imports has climbed sharply in the last year.
去年进口货物的价值急剧上升。

The police are connecting this incident with last week's terrorist bombing.
警方认为这次事件和上周的恐怖分子爆炸事件有关。

After much delay, he finished his paper at last.
拖了那么久,他终于完成了论文。

The firm did badly last year.
公司去年生意不好。

He left the city last February.
他于去年二月离开这个城市。

I got good grades last term.
上学期,我的分数很高。

He started work here last June.
他是去年六月开始在这里工作的。

He was the last to arrive.
他到得最晚。

He has lived here for the last few years.
过去的几年他一直住在这里。

Which line comes last in this poem?
这首诗的最后一行是什么?

The hot weather lasted until September.
炎热的天气持续到九月。

Last night there was a full moon.
昨晚是满月。

That famous politician was murdered last year.
那位著名的政治家去年被谋杀了。

His book came out last month.
他的书上个月出版了。

He was admitted to the Party last year.
他去年入党了。

I don't see the point of her last remark.
我不明白她最后那句话的意思。

I lost several pounds last month.
我上个月瘦了好几磅。

I didn't sleep well last night.
昨晚我睡不安稳。

In his last film he starred as a cowboy.
他在最近的一部影片中主演一位牛仔。

I stayed late at the party last night.
昨晚我在晚会上呆到很晚。

The last section sums up all the arguments on either side.
最后一部分总结了双方的全部论点。

I got up at ten last Sunday.
上星期天我十点钟起床。

Last winter the snow lay thick on the ground.
去年冬天,地上积雪很厚。

The murder trial lasted six weeks.
法庭对这一谋杀案的审理为时六周。

昨晚你熬夜了?
Did you stay up late last night? *stay up late“睡得晚”、“熬夜”。
Did you go to bed late last night?

昨天晚上你打呼噜了。
You were snoring last night. *snore“打呼噜”。
You were snoring last night. (昨天晚上你打呼噜了。)
Did I keep you up? (影响你睡觉了吗?)
You were sawing logs last night. *saw logs原意为“锯木头”,在此用来表示“打呼噜”。

什么时候到期?
When is this due? *due“必须支付”、“支付期限到了”。日常生活中常使用带有due的表达方式。
Here's the phone bill. (这是电话费通知单。)
When is this due? (交费截止到什么时候?)
When is the rent due? (房租截止到几号?)
When is the paper due? (交论文的时间截止到几号?)
When is the last day I can pay for this?
How long is the pay period?
When do I have to pay this by?
When does this have to be finished by?

演多长时间?
How long does it last? *last“持续,继续”。
How long will it last?
How long is it?

付款截止到什么时候?
When is this due? *due“已到付款截止日期”。
When do I have to pay this by?
When is the last day I can pay for this?
How long is the pay period?
When is the pay period over?
When does this have to be finished by?

您来日本多长时间了?
How long have you been in Japan?
How long have you been in Japan? (您来日本多长时间了?)
I just arrived last week. (上星期刚来。)
How long have you been in Japan? (您来日本多长时间了?)
About three years. (大概3年左右了。)

我怎么不知道。
I didn't know that.
John got married last week. (约翰上星期结婚了。)
I didn't know that. (我怎么不知道。)
That's news to me. *习惯用法。
I wasn't aware of that.

人不可貌相。
Don't judge a book by its cover. *谚语,直译“不要根据书皮来判断书的内容”。
He's so short. (他的个儿多矮呀。)
Listen, don't judge a book by its cover. He was the best basketball player in California last year. (喂!你可不能以貌取人,他是去年加利福尼亚最棒的篮球运动员。)
Never judge something by its looks.
Appearances are deceiving. (不能以貌取人。)
Don't form an opinion about something based on appearance alone. (人不可貌相。)

他在最后关头胆怯了。
He chickened out at the last moment.

我已经忍无可忍了。
It's the last straw. *It's the last straw.是句谚语,出自The last straw breaks the camel's back. 意思是往骆驼身上放稻草,放得太多时,就是一根也会把骆驼的脊背压断。即忍耐超过了限度,就会爆发。
That's it.
It's the end.
It's the limit.
I can't take it anymore.

这是一个难得的机会。
That kind of chance comes once in a blue moon. *once in a blue moon “稀少的,很少”。
I went out with a gorgeous girl last night.(我昨天晚上和一个非常漂亮的姑娘约会了。)
That kind of chance comes once in a blue moon. (这是一个难得的机会。)

终于到了。
Here we are at last. *Here we are. 是固定短语,表示“到了”。
Here we are at last. (终于到了。)
Home sweet home. (还是自己的家好!)
We've finally arrived.

我再也忍不下去了。
This is the last straw. *last straw 表示“再也无法承受的负担和困难上又新加的痛苦”。
Your husband hit you again? (你丈夫又打你了?)
Yes. This is the last straw. (是的。我再也忍不下去了。)
That's it.
I've had it up to here.
I can't take it any more.

最终只剩下了我一个人。
Alone at last.
I'm finally alone.

How do you spell your last name?
你的姓是怎样拼写的?

How long could the buyer expect your product to last?
购买者期望你们产品的使用期是多久呢?

If you have further questions, please contact the people listed on the last page of the report.
如果你还有问题的话,请和报告最后一页名单上的人员联系。

I'm Donald. We met the last time you visited Taiwan.
我是唐纳德,上次你来台湾时我们见过面。

I've made a reservation at the hotel you used last time.
我已预订了你上次住过的旅馆。

Did you sleep well last night?
你昨晚睡得好吗?

The goods we offered last week are running out, therefore, the offer terminates on 20th July.
上周我们报价的货物现已售完,所以,此报价在7月20日终止。

Your price is 20% higher than that of last year.
你方价格比去年高出20%。

We hope that the next negotiation will be the last one before signing the contract.
我们希望下一交谈判将是签订合同前的最后一轮谈判。

昨天晚上好险哪。 老板同一个女职员在办公室动手动脚的,差一点儿让他的妻子给撞上。
The boss had narrow squeak last night in his office,his spooning with a girl clerk was almost found out by his wife.

We cruised to Alaska last year.
我们去年搭游轮到阿拉斯加。

First impressions are most lasting.
最初的印象最为持久。

For age and want save while you may; no morning sun lasts a whole day.
为了年老和急须,要及时积蓄,因为早晨的太阳,不会整天照耀。

He laughs best who laughs last.
谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好。

Let not the cobbler go beyond his last.
安分守己。

Let the cobbler stick to his last.
安分守己。

Save while you may, no morning sun lasts a whole day.
能节俭时就节俭,朝阳难照一整天。

The cobbler must stick to his last.
安分守己。

The last drop makes the cup run over.
失之过极。

The morning sun never lasts a day.
好景不常。

There are no birds of this year in last year's nests.
事过境迁。

They that live longest must die at last.
活得最久长,终难免一亡。

What is learnt in the cradle lasts (or is carried) to the grave.
小时学会的事情到老不会忘记。

What's learnt in the cradle lasts till the tomb.
小时学过的,至死不忘记。

We hope that the next negotiation will be the last one before signing the contract.
我们希望下一交谈判将是签订合同前的最后一轮谈判。

B 是的,我有一个妹妹。她比我小几岁。她是一个学生,还在上大学。
A Has she been to China?
A 她来过中国吗?
B Yes. My sister came to China last year. She went to lots of places.
B 是的。我妹妹去年来了中国。她去了很多地方。
A Did you take her round all the tourist sights?
A 你领她转了所有的旅游景点了吗?
B Yes, I did. I think she would love to come back and maybe work here in Beijing.
B 是的。我想她愿意再来北京,也许在这里工作。

A Hi! It’s good to see you again. It’s been such a long time. It’s ages since I last saw you!
A 你好!很高兴再次见到你。好久不见。自从我上次见到你已经过去好久好久了!
B I know. The last time we met was about a year ago, wasn’t it?
B 我知道。上次我们见面是大约一年前,不是吗?
A Yes, I think it was. What have you been doing since then?
A 是的,我想是的。从那以后你一直在做什么?
B Well, I went to Shanghai for a few months. I had some work there – only for a short time. Then I came back here.
B 哦,我去了上海几个月。我在那里有些工作——只是一小段时间。然后我就回来了。
A And then what did you do?
A 回来以后你做了什么?
B Well, I started a new job here. Then I took a holiday. I went to Thailand. And now I’m back.
B 哦,我在这里开始了一份新工作。然后我放假了。我去了泰国。现在我又回来了。

A I was in a taxi last night during the rush hour for about 45 minutes. And it was only a short journey.
A 我昨晚乘出租车在高峰时刻耽搁了大约45分钟。其实只是一小段路程。
B It takes so long to drive anywhere during the rush hour.
B 在高峰阶段无论在哪里都要开很长时间。
A I know. It’s horrible when you are stuck in a traffic jam and you are late for something.
A 我知道。遭遇交通阻塞太可怕了,你一定迟到。
B But there’s nothing you can do. It’s the same for everybody.
B 但是你又无能为力。对谁都一样。
A Sometimes I think the best thing to do in rush hour is to walk.
A 有时我想在高峰时刻最好的办法是步行。
B If it’s a short journey, I think you’re right.
B 如果路途很短的话,我想你是对的。

A Will you be here for the Olympics?
A 你将在这里观看奥运会吗?
B Yes, I will. I can't wait!


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