英语学习词典
  

laid

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lay [ lei] vt.置放;铺设;设置

lay hold of 握住;控制住;占有

lay aside 把…放在一边;储存

lay down 放下;铺设(铁路)

lay off 停止;(临时)解雇

lay out 花费;布置;摆开

lay over 涂,覆盖;压倒

lay up 贮存,储蓄;暂停使用

lay in 贮存,贮藏

lay over 使延期

lay to 把(功、过)归于

lay waste 损毁,蹂躏

lay aside 把<东西> (暂时地) 堆置一边

lay down 安装、建造、铺设

lay off 解雇

lay out 陈列,布局

lay aside
把<东西> (暂时地) 堆置一边

lay down
安装、建造、铺设

lay off
解雇

lay out
陈列,布局

lay [lei] vt. 放,搁

虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg.

末位淘汰 (under the new personnel system) the person graded last in the performance evaluation will be laid off from his position

摊牌 put/lay one’s card on the table

下岗职工 laid-off workers

Standard for Fire Protection of Vessels During Construction, Repair, and Lay-Up
在船只建设、修理和升级时的防火标准

lay the roots for 扎根于

to be laid down in the contract 在合同中列明

reverse lay-up 反手走篮

下岗职工 laid-off workers

下岗职工 laid-off workers

下岗 laid-off workers

下岗职工 laid-off workers

In conclusion, we must lay emphasis on this problem and make our maximum contribution to help them spend their first day on campus smoothly.
总之,我们应重视这个问题,尽最大努力帮助他们平稳度过他们最初的校园生活。

Since it is unnecessary to consider student's routine life, day school can lay stress on teaching instead of other aspects, such as management of dormitory and cafeteria.
由于无需考虑学生的日常生活,日制学校可以将重点放在教学上而不是放在像宿舍和食堂管理这些方面。

Hand lay-up 手工铺叠,手工铺贴

Lay-up (塑料,夹板的)铺叠成型

Manual Lay-Up 人工手糊

Laid-off workers 下岗职工

Lay-offs 下岗人员

Some managers have raised objection to laying off too many employees.
有些经理反对过分裁员。

The East-West oil pipeline is nearly half welded and laid.
东西贯通的输油管道已经差不多焊接和铺设好了一半。

For most people the sea was remote, and with the exception of early intercontinental travellers or others who earned a living from the sea, there was little reason to ask many questions about it , let alone to ask what lay beneath the surface.
除了一些洲际旅行者和以大海为生的人,对于大多数人来说,大海是遥远的,没有什么必要提出太多问题,更别说思考大海海底的东西了。

The first time that the question “ What is at the bottom of the oceans?” had to be answered with any commercial consequence was when the laying of a telegraph cable from Europe to America was proposed.
当铺设一条从欧洲到美洲的海底电报光缆的时候,出于商业动机,人们第一次不得不回答这个问题“海底是什么东西”。

While the undergraduate curriculum for an open Bachelor of Science degree, as listed by a department, may have its own unique features, each program must be laid out in consultation with a departmental representative to assure that it is meaningful in structure and challenging in content.
尽管开放式理学学士本科课程计划由系里列出,可以有一些自己独特的特点,但每个项目的列出必须与系代表进行协商,以此来保证课程结构有意义,内容富有挑战性。

The family is a co-operative enterprise for which it is difficult to lay down rules, because each family, needs to work out its own ways for solving its own problems.
家庭就像是一个合作式的企业一样,很难制定统一的规则,因为每个家庭都需要自己的独特的解决问题的办法。

This hen lays beautiful brown eggs.
这只母鸡下很漂亮的棕色蛋。

You may lay it on the table.
你可以把它放在桌子上。

He knows the lay of the land here.
他了解这里的地形。

He lay on a sofa, reading a book.
他躺在沙发上看书。

The workers are laying pipes under the road.
工人们正在道路下面铺设管道。

Last winter the snow lay thick on the ground.
去年冬天,地上积雪很厚。

我是一见钟情。
It was love at first sight. *at first sight“第一眼”、“见到的第一面”。
I fell in love with you the first time I saw you.
I loved you the first time I laid eyes on you.

If you don't want to lose me, you'd better lay it on the line.
如果你不想失去我,就最好一五一十地告诉我吧。

Change lays not her hand upon truth.
真理不变。

Fat hens lay few eggs.
肥鸡不下蛋。

It is easier to raise the devil than to lay him.
养虎易,驯虎难。

Kill the goose that laid the golden egg.
杀鸡取蛋

Never cackle till your egg is laid.
事竟成,才声张。

Penny and penny laid up will be many.
积少成多。

Put (or Lay or Set) one's shoulder to the wheel.
出一把力。

When the ffish is caught the net is laid aside.
鱼获网弃。

The foundation of knowledge must be laid by reading, General principles must come from books, which, however, must be brought to the test of real life.
amuel Johnson, British writer  
读书是积累知识的基础。基本原理来源于书本,但须经实际生活的检验。
英国作家约翰逊.S.  

No, we shouldn't lay out that kind of money.
不,那种钱我们不应该花。

@@@ 打开
break new ground 创新; 开创新局面
crack a book 打开书准备学习
give access to 向...开放
lay out 展开, 有计划地安排
leave on 穿着不脱; 让灯开着
spread out 伸开, 展开
turn on 拧开; 打开(开关)
turn up 1.开大(音量)
2.(尤指未经过搜寻而)被找到; 出现
usher in 引进; 开创; 宣告...的来临

@@@ 解雇, 解放
draw off 放干, 排掉(水等)
excuse from 请求免除; 得到解脱
give off 发散, 放出
lay off (尤指生意萧条时临时的)解雇(雇员), 下岗
let out (of) 放出去; 放跑, 释放
let through 准许通过, 放行
send (sb.) away 打发某人离开; 解雇
release from 释放; 解放
set free 释放, 使获得自由

@@@ 安排, 计划, 准备
arrange sth. for ... 为...筹备; 为...安排
design to do sth. 计划; 打算将...用作
crack a book 打开书准备学习
dust off 除去灰尘; 备用
equip with 装备, 配备
fit in 1.放/嵌进去
2.为...安排时间
for a rainy day (存钱)以备不时之需
get/be ready for 准备好
get set 准备好开始
have (sth.) in mind 考虑好; 打算
hit the books 做功课; 准备功课
lay out 展开, 有计划地安排
line up 准备停当; 计划, 安排
make arrangements for sb./sth. (为...)安排; 预定
map out 筹划, 安排
play it by ear 事先不做准备; 即兴
prepare for 准备好, 做...打算
put away 1.把...收起来, 放好
2.存储以备他日之需, 积攒
set the stage for sth. 为某事做好准备或创造条件
set the table 摆餐具(准备用餐)
sketch out 草拟计划
take (sth.) seriously 认真对待/准备
watch out (for) 当心, 戒备, 提防

@@@ 制定, 制作
by hand 用手的; 用手工(制作等)
lay down 制订规则、原则等
make ... into ... 把...制成...
make out of 用...制造出
set down 制定(规则、原则等)
take inventory 盘点; 编制...清单
turn out 研制, 制造

@@@ 要求, 请求
ask for 要, 要求; 找
at one's request & at the request of 在...的要求之下, 应...的要求
attendance required 要求参加, 必须参加
be hard on 对...要求严厉
beg A for B 向A恳求得到B
by request 应邀, 应...的请求
call for 需要; 要求
call on/uponsb. to do sth. 邀请或要求某人做某事
change for 收费, 要价
excuse from 请求免除; 得到解脱
fall back on 依赖, 依靠; 求助于
fit the bill 符合要求, 适合要求
go after 追求; 争取
hunger for 渴望, 渴求
insist on/upon 坚持, 坚决要求
lay claim to 声称/要求...是自己的; 争...的所有权
make demands of/on 对...提出要求; 有求于...
meet demands (of) 满足要求
push for 急切要求; 力图得到
put forward 提出(要求、事实等)
satisfy one's needs & satisfy the need of 满足...要求

@@@ 自己
blow/lose one's cool 失去自恃或失去镇静
boast of 吹牛, 自夸, 夸耀
fend for oneself 自己谋生, 照料自己
get above oneself 变得自高自大
go about one's business 忙自己的事
go Dutch 各自负担自己的费用
have nothing to do with 自己与...无关; 避开...
in person 本人, 亲自
keep to oneself 不与他人交往; 不向他人透露自己的意见和想法
knock oneself out 辛苦地工作, 使自己精疲力尽
lay claim to 声称/要求...是自己的; 争...的所有权
live by oneself 独自一人生活
on one's own 独立地, 凭自己的力量
on one's own time 自己的时间; 非工作时间
pretend to 自称拥有; 自称, 自夸
proud of 以...而自豪
read sth. into sth. 将本来没有的意思加进去解释, 自以为有某种含义
speak one's mind 直抒己见
sure of oneself 有自信心
volunteer for 自愿或无偿给与或提供(帮助、建议等)

up : 关住,锁紧,固定住(firmly, tightly and closely)
shut up 关闭
lock up 锁住
tie up 栓住
chain up 锁住
nail up 钉住
fasten up 系住
pin up 钉住
bind up 装订
bar up 关住
block up 堵塞
choke up 堵塞
save up 存起来
store up 贮藏
stock up 储存
cover up 掩盖
wrap up 包住
lay up 储存
hold up 延误
keep up 坚持

down : 向下的位置(to or into a lower position)
cast down 扔下
cut down砍倒
get down 下来
hand down 传下来
knock down 撞倒
lay down 放下
let down 放下
pour down 倾盆而下
pull down 拉下
set down 放下
sit down 坐下
step down 走下来
throw down 扔下
turn down 拆下
take down 取下
blow down 吹倒
bring down 打倒
hang down 垂下
sink down 沉落
slip down 失足
squat down 蹲下
swallow down 吞下
stoop down 伏身
splash down 飞溅而下
touch down 降落
bend down 弯下
bow down 鞠躬
kneel down 跪下
lie down 躺下
strip down 脱下

down : 停止,减弱(to a state of less activity, force, strength and power)
close down 关闭
drop down 突然停止
break down 坏了,中止
run down 停止
settle down 平静下来
cool down 冷静下来
turn down 拒绝
die down 停止
lay down 失望
put down 镇压 4) 紧紧地,牢牢地(firmly, tightly)
fasten down 系牢
chain down 链住,栓住
clamp down 夹住
nail down 钉住
pin down 扣牢
hammer down 钉上
tie down 栓住
bind down 捆绑
draw down 停下来

off : 完成,停止(indicating completion)
finish off 结束
pay off 付清
break off 停止,中断
send off 结束
leave off 停止
pass off 终止,停止
sign off 停止播音
wear off 消失,
write off 注销,购销
bring off 完成
call off 取消
lay off 停止, 解雇

out : 向外(away from the inside, outside)
keep out 使在外
take out 拿出
put out 放出,伸出
come out 长出,
bring out拿出
bar out关在外
breathe out 呼吸出
eat out 出去吃
get out 弄出
go out 出去
lay out 摆开,展示
lock out 关在外面
look out 向外看
move out 搬出
point out指出
pour out 诉说
pull out 拉出
ship out 运出
stick out伸出
spit out 吐出
beat out 敲出
knock out 敲出
dine out 外出吃饭
drive out 驾车外出
leak out 漏出
draw out 拉出
see out 送出门去
draw out 出站
let out 放出, 释放

lay off停止,解雇
Lay off! I don't need you to tell me what to do!
别再讲了!我不需要你告诉我怎么去做!

pop one's cork大发脾气
I've never seen Teresa pop her cork before. I always thought she was a very laid-back person.
我从来没见过Teresa发脾气。我原来一直以为她是个好好小姐。

laid eyes on 见过

lay aside 储蓄

- pocket one's pride 放下架子
The laid-off workers from the state-owned enterprises should pocket their pride and seek for re-employment.

安放 place; lay; settle; emplacement

摆放 lay

储备 reserve; lay in

编排 lay out; weave; arrange

贮藏 reposit; garner; hoard; hoarding; lay in; preservation; store; fund

安放 [ān fàng] /lay/place/put in a certain place/

暴露 [bào lù] /expose/reveal/lay bare/

编排 [biān pái] /to arrange/to lay out/

病倒 [bìng dǎo] /be down with an illness/be laid up/

并重 [bìng zhòng] /lay equal stress on/pay equal attention to/

裁员 [cái yuán] /to cut staff/to lay off employees/

产卵 [chǎn luǎn] /lay (an egg)/

尘封 [chén fēng] /covered with dust/dust-laden/to be laid idle for a long time/

凡俗 [fán sú] /lay (as opposed to clergy)/

放下 [fàng xia ] /lay down/put down/let go/release/

扪 [mén] /lay hands on/to cover/

砌 [qì] /to build by laying bricks or stones/

下岗 [xià gǎng] /laid-off/
Wild Bill Donovan would have loved the Internet.
比尔·多诺汶肯定会喜欢网络。
The American spymaster who built the Office of Strategic Services in the World War II and later laid the roots for the CIA was fascinated with information.
这位美国间谍大王对情报着迷,他曾经在第二次世界大战时建立了战略事务办公室,后来又为中央情报局的成立打下了基础。

{adj: awake} not in a state of sleep; completely conscious
"lay awake thinking about his new job"
"still not fully awake"
<-> asleep

{adj: cackly, squawky} like the cackles or squawks a hen makes especially after laying an egg

{adj: coiled} curled or wound (especially in concentric rings or spirals)
"a coiled snake ready to strike"
"the rope lay coiled on the deck"
<-> uncoiled

{adj: curled, curled up} drawn up into a ball
"she lay curled up in a big armchair"

{adj: cut} separated into parts or laid open or penetrated with a sharp edge or instrument
"the cut surface was mottled"
"cut tobacco"
"blood from his cut forehead"
"bandages on her cut wrists"
<-> uncut

{adj: dazed, stunned, stupefied, stupid} in a state of mental numbness especially as resulting from shock
"he had a dazed expression on his face"
"lay semiconscious, stunned (or stupefied) by the blow"
"was stupid from fatigue"

{adj: deep-laid} secretly and carefully planned
"deep-laid plans"

{adj: developed} (of real estate) made more useful and profitable as by building or laying out roads
"condominiums were built on the developed site"

{adj: discharged, dismissed, fired, laid-off, pink-slipped} having lost your job

{adj: downward} on or toward a surface regarded as a base
"he lay face downward"
"the downward pull of gravity"

{adj: down} being or moving lower in position or less in some value
"lay face down"
"the moon is down"
"our team is down by a run"
"down by a pawn"
"the stock market is down today"
<-> up

{adj: flush-seamed} laid edge to edge (not overlapping)

{adj: frequent} frequently encountered
"a frequent (or common) error is using the transitive verb `lay' for the intransitive `lie'";

{adj: insensible, senseless} unresponsive to stimulation
"he lay insensible where he had fallen"
"drugged and senseless"

{adj: insomniac, sleepless, watchful} experiencing or accompanied by sleeplessness
"insomniac old people"
"insomniac nights"
"lay sleepless all night"
"twenty watchful, weary, tedious nights"- Shakespeare

{adj: laic, lay, secular} concerning those not members of the clergy
"set his collar in laic rather than clerical position"
"the lay ministry"
"the choir sings both sacred and secular music"

{adj: laid low, stricken} put out of action (by illness)

{adj: laid up} ill and usually confined
"laid up with a bad cold"

{adj: laid, set} set down according to a plan:"a carefully laid table with places set for four people"
"stones laid in a pattern"

{adj: laid-back, mellow} unhurried and relaxed
"a mellow conversation"

{adj: lap-jointed, lap-strake, lap-straked, lap-streak, lap-streaked, overlapping} laid overlapping (not flush)

{adj: laureate} worthy of the greatest honor or distinction
"The nation's pediatrician laureate is preparing to lay down his black bag"- James Traub

{adj: lay} not of or from a profession
"a lay opinion as to the cause of the disease"

{adj: moving} arousing or capable of arousing deep emotion
"she laid her case of destitution before him in a very moving letter"- N. Hawthorne
<-> unmoving

{adj: murdered} killed unlawfully
"the murdered woman"
"lay a wreath on murdered Lincoln's bier"

{adj: open, opened} not sealed or having been unsealed
"the letter was already open"
"the opened package lay on the table"

{adj: oviparous} egg-laying
<-> ovoviviparous, viviparous

{adj: positive, prescribed} formally laid down or imposed
"positive laws"

{adj: scrofulous} having a diseased appearance resembling scrofula
"our canoe...lay with her scrofulous sides on the shore"- Farley Mowat

{adj: spread-eagle} with arms and legs stretched out and apart
"lay spread-eagle on the floor"

{adj: stretched} extended or spread over a wide area or distance
"broad fields lay stretched on both sides of us"

{adj: stunning} causing or capable of causing bewilderment or shock or insensibility
"laid the poor fellow senseless with one stunning blow"
"a stunning detonation with volumes of black smoke"

{adj: trampled, trodden} crushed or broken by being stepped upon heavily
"her trampled flowers lay crushed and broken"
"the grass was trodden and muddy"

{adj: unconscious} not conscious; lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception as if asleep or dead
"lay unconscious on the floor"
<-> conscious

{adj: uncurled} not curled
"lay uncurled on the bed"

{adj: untreated} not given medical care or treatment
"an untreated disease"
"the untreated wounded lay on makeshift cots"
<-> treated

{adj: up} being or moving higher in position or greater in some value; being above a former position or level
"the anchor is up"
"the sun is up"
"he lay face up"
"he is up by a pawn"
"the market is up"
"the corn is up"
<-> down

{adj: virtual, practical} being actually such in almost every respect
"a practical failure"
"the once elegant temple lay in virtual ruin"

{adj: war-torn, war-worn} laid waste by war

{adj: wasteful} laying waste
"when wasteful war shall statues overturn"- Shakespeare

{adv: all together} used of a group whose members acted or were acted upon collectively and when `all' and `together' can be separated by other words
"they were herded all together"
"they were all herded together"
"the books lay all together in a heap"
"the books all lay together..."

{adv: astern} (of a ship or an airplane) behind
"we dropped her astern on the end of a seven-inch manilla, and she laid comfortably on the ebb tide"

{adv: discreetly} with discretion; prudently and with wise self-restraint
"I sent for the sergeant of the platoon both men were in and asked him to try to find out discreetly what lay behind this"
<-> indiscreetly

{adv: doggo, out of sight, in hiding} quietly in concealment
"he lay doggo"

{adv: even as, just as} at the same time as
"even as he lay dying they argued over his estate"
"the building collapsed just as he arrived"

{adv: face-to-face, opposite} directly facing each other
"the two photographs lay face-to-face on the table"
"lived all their lives in houses face-to-face across the street"
"they sat opposite at the table"

{adv: grievously} in a grievous manner
"the resolute but unbroken Germany, grievously wounded but far from destruction, was able to lay the firm foundations for military revival"

{adv: grotesquely, monstrously} in a grotesque manner
"behind the house lay two nude figures grotesquely bald, with deliberate knife-slashes marking their bodies"

{adv: lifelessly} in a lifeless manner
"the girl lay in her arms lifelessly"

{adv: loosely, slackly} in a relaxed manner; not rigid
"his hands lay loosely"

{adv: shudderingly} with a shudder
"shudderingly, she acknowledged to herself that she dared not face what lay before her"

{adv: sidelong} on the side
"the plow lay sidelong on the ground"

{adv: stiffly, stiff} in a stiff manner
"his hands lay stiffly"

{adv: uncomfortably} in physical discomfort
"she lay on the couch, her body uncomfortably twisted"
<-> comfortably

{adv: unnaturally} in an unnatural way
"his other arm lay across his chest, unnaturally, as if placed there deliberately, for a purpose"
<-> naturally

{adv: uphill} upward on a hill or incline
"this street lay uphill"

{n: Beguine} (Roman Catholic Church) a member of a lay sisterhood (one of several founded in the Netherlands in the 12th and 13th centuries); though not taking religious vows the sisters followed an austere life

{n: Bloomsbury} a city district of central London laid out in garden squares

{n: Cartier, Jacques Cartier} French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence river and laid claim to the region for France (1491-1557)

{n: European cuckoo, Cuculus canorus} common cuckoo of Europe having a distinctive two-note call; lays eggs in the nests of other birds


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