know [ nəu] vt.知道；认识；通晓
know about 了解，知道…的情况
know better than 很懂得(而不至于)
be known as 以…知名；被认为是
be known for 因…而众所周知
be known to 为…所知
know no bounds 无限，极为
know sb. by name 只知道某人的名字
known as 被认为是，被称为
know [nəu] v. 知道,了解,认识,懂得
well-known a. 出名,众所周知的
能进能出，能上能下,方谓好汉 He who knows how to fight and how to retreat deserves to be called a brave man.
知己知彼,百战不殆 Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of defeat.
be known as 称为
know of 知道。
hard feelings 怨气
A: Man, I'm really sorry about what happened last night.
A: 老兄啊! 昨晚的事真是抱歉...
B: It's all right. It's over with. No hard feelings.
- "It's over with" 是「已经过去了」。结束某种不愉快的情绪, 可以用 「get over」。
如 "I know you were mad at him for what he had done. But, it has been five years. Get over it."
我知道你很气他所作的事, 但是这已经是五年前的事了, 你应该释怀了。
at each other's throats 吵架
A: I can't believe Sean and Keith. They were at each other's throats in front of the whole class yesterday.
A: 我真不敢相信 Sean 跟 Keith会这样。他俩昨天当着整个班上互相叫骂起来了。
B: They fight all the time. You didn't know that?
B: 他们经常在吵架, 你不知道吗?
have a chip on one's shoulder 心存芥蒂
A: Blanche's already apologized and asked for your forgiveness. Why do you still have a chip on your shoulder?
A: Blanche 已经(跟你)道歉过, 也请你原谅她。你为什么还是心存芥蒂呢?
B: I don't know. I guess I never really got over it.
- 或许你也曾经有过类似上面的经验; 以为自己经对一件别人做错的事释怀了,
你又忍不住地责备对方一顿。这种感觉就是这里所说的"have a chip on one's shoulder"。
A: Ain't she a killer?
A: 她真是个大美女, 不是吗?
B: I know. Look at those legs.
B: 是啊! 看(她)那双腿!
- "killer"除了指「很好看的人」外, 还有「很了不起的人或事」的意思。
比方你的朋友完成了一个你觉得很棒很棒的设计, 你就可以对他说:"That's a killer."。
甚至你听到一首很棒的歌曲, 你也可以说:"That song's a killer."。
knockout 绝色美女; 极出色的东西
A: How do I look?
B: You know, you're a knockout.
- 虽然形容漂亮的字眼不少, "knockout" 却只用来形容非凡的美, 可以用来形容女孩子或物品。
"knockout" 原来是指拳击里的「击倒」的动作, 常作"K.O."。
A: Larry wants me to buy him a new CD simply because I accidentally scratched the back of his CD case.
A: Larry 要我买一个新的 CD 还他, 因为我不小心把他的 CD 盒的背面括到了。
B: I'm not surprised. He's known as a cheapskate.
- 说一个人小气时, 用 "cheap" 就可以了。如: "He is very cheap." 他这个人很小气。
noodle, noodlehead 傻子
A: You don't put aluminum-foil in the microwave oven, noodlehead! You could've started a fire.
A: 你不可以(不应该)把铝箔纸放到微波炉里去的! 你有可能引起一场火灾的。
B: I didn't know that.
- "noodle" 除了常见的复数形当「面条」外, 单数形还有「傻瓜」的意思。它和这里的 "noodlehead" 都是「傻瓜」的意思。
A: I knew you couldn't make it last night so I've got some of the food from the party saved up for you.
A: 我知道你昨晚不能来, 所以我把聚会吃的东西留了一些起来给你。
B: You did? Oh! That's so sweet of you, Carol.
B: 真的啊? Carol, 妳真是太好了!
"sweet" 这个字可以用在男或女的身上。 当我们说"She's a very sweet person."
A: I can't believe Dan, the person I trusted so much turned out to be a complete sell-out.
A: 我无法相信 Dan, 这个我曾经这么信任的人竟然是个出卖我的人。
B: Man, I don't even know what to say. He really blew me away, too.
B: 唉, 我都不知道该说什么才好。 他也真是让我始料未及。
- 这里的"sell-out"是"selling a person out"的名词, 可以指「出卖人家的人」或是「出卖人的行为」。
上面的对话里, 还有另外一个我们之前也有看过的词语是"blow one away" (blew one away 的原在式)。
这里的"blow one away"应该可以翻作我们口语里面讲的「被打败的感觉」。
其实"blow one away"也可以说是形容某人的表现太过优异, 令人在佩服之外感到十分的震撼。
drama queen 喜欢小题大作的人
A: He is not home. Where could he be so late at night? I knew it. I knew something was wrong. He must be out messing around.
A: 他不在家。这么晚了他回去哪里呢? 我早就知道了! 我早知道事情不对劲了。 他现在一定是在外面跟别人鬼混了。
B: Oh! Stop being such a drama queen, would you? You don't know what's going on. Maybe he's asleep.
B: 噢, 妳能不能不要这样小题大作呢? 妳并不知道事情是怎么回事啊? 搞不好他睡着了呢?
- "drama queen" (戏剧女王)是用来形容人对一件可能在其它人眼里看来不是很大的事反应夸张而激烈, 。
We'd like to know how we open a checking-savings account.
I'd like to know whether a 200 yuan deposit will be enough for opening a checking account.
I'd like to know whether I can cash a cheque here.
I'd like to know if I can draw on my account for payment of things I buy in Tianjin.
Please let me know my balance.
I'd like to know how I shall give it to you.
I'd like to know if you could change this money back into U.S. dollars for me.
I'd like to know the exchange rate for German marks.
you look great today.（你今天看上去很棒。）【每天都可以用！】
you did a good job. （你干得非常好。）【国际最通用的表扬！】
we're so proud of you.（我们十分为你骄傲。）【最高级的表扬！】
i'm very pleased with your work.（我对你的工作非常满意。）【正式、真诚的赞扬！】
this is really a nice place.（这真是个好地方！）【随口就说、但效果很好的表扬！】
you're looking sharp!（你看上去真精神/真棒/真漂亮。）【与众不同的表扬！】
you always know the right thing to say. = you're very eloquent.（你总是说话得体。）【高层次的表扬！】
nice going! = you did a good job.（干得好！）【极其地道的表扬！】
the food is delicious.（好吃！）【最普通、但非常重要的表扬！】
everything tastes great.（每样东西都很美味！）
your son/daughter is so cute.（你的孩子很可爱。）【外国人绝对喜欢听的表扬！】
what an adorable baby!（多么可爱的孩子。）【只管大胆用！】
i admire your work. = i respect your work.（我对你的工作表示敬意。）【世界通用！】
you've got a great personality.（你的个性很好。）【一个非常安全的表扬！】
you have a good sense of humor.（你真幽默。）【美国人极其喜欢的表扬！】
your chinese is really surprising.（你的中文令人惊讶。）【绝对和其他人不一样的表扬！】
your english is incredible.（我真不敢相信你的英语。）【用了六星级形容词！】
you have a very successful business.（你的事业很成功。）【现代人非常喜欢听！】
you're very professional.（你非常专业。）【专业化的表扬！】
your company is very impressive.（你的公司给我留下深刻印象。）
you're so smart.（你非常聪明。）
i envy you very much.（我非常羡慕你。）
your wife is very charming.（你的妻子很有魅力！）
you two make a lovely couple.（你们真是天生的一对！）
you're really talented.（你很有天赋。）
you look nice in that color.（你穿那种颜色很好看。）
you have a good taste.（你很有品位。）
you look like a million dollars. = you look outstanding.=you look like a movie star.（你看上去帅呆了。）
before you know it 很快
Don't you know that yet? 你还不知道吗?
for all I know 据我所知
God knows. 天晓得.
The whole world knows it. 全世界都知道.
You don't know half of it. 你知道什么!
You know something? 让我告诉你一件事.
There are no ugly women; there are only women who not know how to look pretty.
Do not scorn the person who is perpetually happy. He does know something you don’t。
I’m an idealist。I don’t know where I’m going, but I’m on my way。
I know of only one duty, and that is to love.
Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of defeat.
驰名商标 Well－Known Mark
administrative record [also known as housekeeping record]
Airport Authority [AA] [also known as Airport Authority Hong Kong]
"Administrator, Department of Justice [formerly known as Chambers Manager]" 律政司政务总监〔前称律政署政务总监〕
Chief Secretary for Administration [formerly known as Chief Secretary] 政务司司长〔前称布政司〕
Constitutional Affairs Bureau [formerly known as Constitutional Affairs Branch] [Government Secretariat] 政制事务局〔前称宪制事务科〕〔政府总部〕
Government Counsel [formerly known as Crown Counsel] 政府律师〔前称检察官〕
Heung Yee Kuk functional constituency [formerly known as Rural functional constituency] 乡议局功能界别〔前称乡事界功能组别〕
Home Affairs Bureau [formerly known as Home Affairs Branch] [Government Secretariat] 民政事务局〔前称政务科〕〔政府总部〕
Judge of the Court of First Instance of the High Court [formerly known as Judge of the High Court] 高等法院原讼法庭法官〔前称高等法院大法官〕
Justice of Appeal of the Court of Appeal of the High Court [formerly known as Justice of Appeal] 高等法院上诉法庭法官〔前称上诉法院大法官〕
policy bureau [formerly known as policy branch] 决策局〔前称决策科〕
"relative majority system of voting [also known as "first past the post" voting system]" 相对多数选举制〔亦称“得票最多者当选”投票制〕
Rules of Procedure of the Provisional Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region [formerly known as Standing Orders of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong] 《香港特别行政区临时立法会议事规则》〔前称《香港立法局会议常规》〕
Secretary for Justice [formerly known as Attorney General] 律政司司长〔前称律政司〕
As for me, it is essential to know, at first, what kind of problems young students possible would encounter on campus.
As is known to all, fake and inferior commodities harm the interests of consumers.
Tourism brings China a lot of benefits. First, it enables the Chinese people to know more about the outside world and promotes friendship and understanding. Second, it is financially beneficial to China, which needs more foreign currencies for its modernization program.
183 Tourism, however, gives rise to a number of problems. For instance, it becomes a burden to inefficient transportation system.
欧洲安全与合作组织(欧安组织，原欧洲安全与合作会议) Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE, formerly known as Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe)
managerial know-how 管理专门知识
A tree is known by its fruit.
No one knows .
Better the devil you know than the devil your don't know.
A humble man argues for his fault, while a brave man makes his faults known to all.
With books, as with companions, it is of more consequence to know which to avoid, than which to choose.
The purpose of psychology is to give us a completely different idea of the things we know best.
To know things well, we must know them in detail; but as that is almost endless, our knowledge is always superficial and imperfect.
I attribute the little I know to my not having been ashamed to ask for information, and to my rule of conversing with all descriptions of men on those topics that form their own peculiar professions and pursuits.
I'm not ashamed to confess that I'm ignorant of what I don't know.
He knew the precise psychological moment when to say nothing.
If you are too fortunate, you will not know yourself. If you are too unfortunate, nobody will know you.
When you "spoil" a child you are practically saying, "I know you aren't capable of being civilized and considerate and contributing and I won't expect it of you."
I am not in the least disturbed when people regard my legs intently. I know they are doing so in pursuance of their inherent artistic instinct.
Read the word over and over until you know it.
I have told them over and over again, they should know what to do.
I didn't know you cared that much.
I have told them over and over again, so they know what to do.
He can stand more pain than anyone else I know.
I didn't know you cared that much.
I don't know which way to go (= which way we should go) to reach the nearest branch of the City Bank.
Knowing English well, he translated the article without much difficulty. (= Because he knows English well, ...)
This report is consistent with what we already know.
Tonight's speaker is a well-known artist.
get an introduction to a well-known professor
Tonight's speaker is a well-known artist.
He was shocked when he knew he was infected with the HIV virus.
The policeman was known as a drug buster.
He came to know all of John's background.
The money disappeared from the bank; no one knew who took it.
I know I met you somewhere but I can't recall the place.
I've seen enough criminal trials to know victims of armed attacks are seldom able to identify their offenders because their attention focuses on the guns, rather than on their users.
An operator can help you make a phone call or give you a phone number if you don't know it.
We will have to sleep on his invitation until we know whether we will be free Sunday night.
I know them both well enough to form my own judgment.
In this example, the conscious mind at the moment of creation knew nothing of the actual processes by which the solution was found.
The more people you know, the less time you have to see them.
Why is she looking at me as though she knew me? I have never seen her before in my life.
Should you change your mind, let us know. (= If you should change your mind, let us know.)
I know you are radical in thinking, but don't go too far.
I know you are radical in your thinking, but don't go too far.
I'm trying to locate Mr. Smith. Do you know where he is?
She returned to Shanghai, where she became acquainted with many well-known writers.
I don't know what's wrong with me today: I keep breaking things.
Human reactions to body language are not always known in advance, but sometimes they are.
He felt intense happiness when he knew that he would attend the famous university.
Workers, above all, should know how to approach the problem correctly.
At the sound of the train, the children jumped with joy, as they knew they could see their father soon.
I have a problem at work and I really don't know how to handle it.
She knew she'd have to confront her parents when she got home.
We've just moved into the neighborhood and don't know our way around yet.
She knew the lesson so well that her answers were automatic
She visited the country intentionally as it is very well known for its summer beauty.
I scarcely knew what to do next.
Moved by their speech, we did not know what to say.
China grows most grains the world knows.
I don't know why people prefer foreign products.
He knew nothing of Greek drama.
It’s important to know your own weaknesses and strengths.
I knew the truth all along.
Ann has arranged for me to go on a blind date this Saturday with a man that she knows through work.
I don’t know whether to accept this new job, and the firm is pressing (me) for a decision.
I don’t know what his objectives were in making such a criticism?
The result of the poll won’t be known until after midnight.
I don’t know how Mike managed to keep the car on the road for so long. At the end, it was practically falling apart.
He knows the rule but does not know how to apply it to his work.
The government conceded defeat as soon as the election results were known.
For this job it is desirable to know something about medicine.
I’ve known her at least as long as you have.
The dark room had a threatening appearance; furthermore, I knew a family of mice had nested there.
He said he had got this television innocently, not knowing it had been stolen.
His generosity to the poor is well known.
Why don't you stand up to your boss when you know you are right!
It is a contradiction to say you know him but he’s a stranger.
你说认识他, 又说他是个陌生人, 这是自相矛盾。
a repair shop known for its prompt service
Now that you are older, you should know better.
I think he's the most charming, most considerate man I've ever known.
I trust him because I know he would never deceive me.
The boy tried to deceive his mother, but she knew what he had done.
Let's invite Tom ― he knows how to bring a party to life.
She knew it would be difficult to undo the damage that had been done.
Who knows what results will develop from your first success?
I know this job of mine isn't much, but on the other hand I don't feel tied down.
I know where my loyalties lie.
People have now come to know the importance of trademark.
The film features many well-known actors.
John has his feet on the ground; he knows he cannot learn everything at once.
Do you know where I've put my glasses?
I really don't known.
Do you know the exact date?
We have known each other for 6 years.
I had thought he knew the time of the meeting.
Do you know Mary?
Yes, but you know global warming may raise the temperature.
He was absent yesterday. Do you know why?
Do you really want to know what I think?
Do you know what's on tonight?
I don't know. You may look in the TV Guide.
As soon as he comes, we'll let him know.
How much do you know about the works of George Eliot?
No one knows . 没有人知道。
I know all about it． 我知道有关它的一切。
I have the right to know. 我有权知道。
I wish I knew my neighbor． 我很想认识我的邻居。
The whole world knows that． 全世界都知道。
He knows English better than I． 他比我懂英语。
I'm not guessing, I really know． 我不是在猜想，我真的知道。
You know what I'm talking about. 我想你知道我在说什么。
May I know the quantity you require? 请问你们需要多少数量的货物?
As you know, I am a very kind person. 你知道，我足个很和善的人。
To know everything is to know nothing. 样样通，样样松。
I don't know if I'll have the patience.我不知道我有没有耐心。
I don't know how to express my gratitude. 我不知道怎样来表达我的感激之情。我要赶飞机
Ducks know how to swim when they are born.鸭子天生会游泳
I will speak against anything I know to be wrong.我会对所有我认为不对的事情直言不讳。
No one knows the location of the hidden treasure.谁也不知道藏宝地点在哪里。
Not only did I know her, but I was her best friend.我不仅认识她，还是她最好的朋友。
The best-known movie awards are the Academy Awards.最著名的电影奖是奥斯卡金像奖。
“I wish I'd known about that rule earlier", she said.“我要是早点知道这个规矩就好了!”她说。
With all these mouths to feed, he didn't know what to do.由于有那么多人要供养，他不知道怎么办才好。
What be said did not annoy me much, for I knew he did not mean it.我并不在乎他所说的，我知道他不是那个意思。
Mr. Smith knew Jack didn't look at the others because he was nervous.史密斯先生知道杰克不敢看别人是因为紧张。
We should not only know the theory but also how to apply it to practice.我们不仅要知道理论，还要知道怎样把理论应用于实践。
We know that you have a high opinion of the kind of learning taught in your colleges, and that the costs of living of our young men, while with you, would be very expensive to you.
But you must know that different nations have different ways of looking at things, and you will therefore not be offended if our ideas of this kind of education happen not to be the same as yours.
We are, however, not the less obliged by your kind offer, though we refuse to accept it; and, to show our grateful sense of it, if the gentlemen of Virginia will send us a dozen of their sons, we will take care of their education, teach them in all we know , and make men of them.
They know that a seal swimming under the ice will keep a breathing hole open by its warm breath, so they will wait beside the hole and kill it.
Somehow he knows that if our huckstering civilization did not at every moment violate the eternal fitness of things, the poet’s song would have been given to the world, and the poet would have been cared for by the whole human brotherhood, as any man should be who does the duty that every man owes it.
They do not know those parts of the doctrine which explain and justify the remainder ; the considerations which show that a fact which seemingly conflicts with another is reconcilable with it, or that, of two apparently strong reasons, one and not the other ought to be preferred.
Perhaps the fact that many of these first studies considered only algae of a size that could be collected in a net(net phytoplankton), a practice that overlooked the smaller phytoplankton that we now know grazers are most likely to feed on, led to a de-emphasis of the role of grazers in subsequent research.
He enjoys the liberties hard won over centuries by the alliance of philosophic genius and political heroism, consecrated by the blood of martyrs; he is provided with comport and leisure by the most productive economy ever known to mankind; science has penetrated the secrets of nature in order to provide him with the marvellous, life like electronic sound and image reproductions he is enjoying.
I've known that all along.
Do you know the answer to this question?
He answered that he knew nothing about it.
Do you know how to milk a cow?
I don't know what to do.
I don't know the exact terms of the contract.
I know from my own experience how difficult the work can be.
They knew full well that he wouldn't keep his promise.
I know a little German.
He's not a very good teacher---he doesn't know how to handle children.
It's hard to know what he's really thinking.
He doesn't know how to use the computer.
Do you know the key to the problem?
I know what happened.
He has known both grief and happiness.
I've known Tom for years.
He knows the lay of the land here.
Her ambition knows no limit.
Do you know how to log in to the system?
I haven't known her long.
You ought to be more careful, you know.
I don't know how to pronounce this word.
I want to know how to put this in French.
He commands the respect of all who know him well.
He seems to know everything.
I knew if I kept at it I should succeed.
I don't know how I can possibly thank you enough.
I don't know him well though I've known him for a long time.
People do not know the value of health till they lose it.
I don't know whether he is willing to come.
Do you know who broke the window?
I wish I knew his address.
They wanted to know when you would go to the park.
I've known her for years.
You're pretending to be asleep.
You're just pretending that you're asleep.
You're not really asleep. (你其实没睡吧!)
I know you're still awake. (我知道你还没睡。)
I've never heard of that song.
Do you know that song? (你知道那首歌吗?)
No, I've never heard of that song. (没有，我从来没听说过那首歌。)
Do you have a fever?
Do you have a fever? (发烧吗?)
I don't know. I don't have a thermometer. (不知道，我没有体温计。)
Do you have a high temperature?
Tom really turns me on. *turn...on“有性方面的吸引力”、“使人着迷”。
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