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joint [ dʒɔint] n.接头,接缝;关节

joint [dʒɔint] a.连接的;共同的

参股公司 joint stock company

股份制 shareholding system; joint-stock system

联合联络小组 joint liaison group

连带责任 joint liability

三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业,外商独资企业) "three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China "

《中美三个联合公报》 The Three Sino-US Joint Communiqué

LD Joint Photographic Experts Group 联合图片专家组

Bearing Joint Export Corporation 轴承出口联营公司

Joint flooring 企口地板

Joint strength 胶接强度

JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group 联合摄影专家组

flange joint 凸缘接头

ring joint 环接, 围缘接合

weld joint 焊缝, 焊接接头

Bearing Joint Export Corporation 轴承出口联营公司

Ball Joint 球窝接合

CV Joint 同速万向节

Pipe Joint 管接

Universal Joint 万向接头

contractual-joint-venture 合作经营,契约式联合经营

joint account 联名存款帐户

cheap joints 下流地方

joint ventures 合资

共同计算帐项 joint account

Joint Association of People's Organizations for Promotion of Democracy 民间团体促进民主政制联会

joint committee 联合委员会

Joint Committee for the Promotion of the Basic Law of Hong Kong 基本法推介联席会议

Joint Committee on the Promotion of Democratic Government 民主政制促进联委会

Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong [Sino-British Joint Declaration] 《中华人民共和国政府和大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国政府关于香港问题的联合声明》〔中英联合声明〕

joint election advertisement 联合选举广告

joint ticket 联票

Senior Representative [Sino-British Joint Liaison Group] 首席代表〔中英联合联络小组〕

Sino-British Joint Liaison Group [JLG] 中英联合联络小组〔联合联络小组〕

Air-tight joint 气密接头

Butt joint 对接接头;对接

Joint face of a pattern 分模面

Joint gate 分型面内浇口

Joint packing 填充垫圈,接合填密

Joint sealing material 填缝料

Joint-shaped support 铰接支架

Joint strenght 连接强度

Knuckle joint 铰链连接

联合战役学 Joint Operation

北南核控制联合委员会 North-South Nuclear Joint Committee

Re-organization, association, merger, joint 改组,联合,兼并,股份合作制

joint-stock company 股份公司

Joint 共同的,联合的

joint administration 联合管理

joint creditor 连带债权人

joint debtor 连带债务人

joint enterprise 合办企业

joint liability 共同债务,连带责任

joint property 共同财产

joint stock 合资,合股

joint stock company 股份公司

joint stock system 股份制

joint tanancy 合伙租赁

joint venture 合资企业

universal joint and drive shaft

universal joint

nonconstant velocity universal joint

constant velocity universal joint

near constant velocity universal joint

self-supporting universal joint

non self suporting universal joint

true joint angle

cardan (hookes)universal joint

slip joint

flexible universal joint

rzeppa universal joint

plunging constant velocity joint

ball spline rzeppa universal joint

weiss universal joint

tripod universal joint

double cardan universal joint

tracta universal joint

two -joint inboard slip ddiveshaft

two joint ouboard slip drive shaft

single joint coupling shaft

single-joint swing axle

double joint swig axle

球形接头 Ball Joint

等速接头 C.V. Joint

the joints between two pieces of timber

Check that the joints of the pipes are sealed properly.

The joint winners of the competition will each receive $500.

roponents of the so-called Golden Quadrangle,which would link areas of Bruma, Laos, Thailand and China's Yunnan province, are seeking an Asian Development Bank feasibility study of joint development and business projects that could free the region's hinterlands from their notorious dependence on the heroin trade.

We have new methods like compensation trade and joint ventrue.

I think a joint venture would be beneficial to both of us .

frame joint 柱连杆

He has a headache, aching bones and joints.

The joints near his fingernails and knuckles look swollen.

He is troubled with painful muscles and joints.

cheap joints 下流地方

“Mike, you ought to try the potstickers at that little Chinese joint on New York Avenue. It looks like a greasy spoon but the potstickers are great and the price is cheap.”

拔节 [bá jié] /jointing/

共同 [gòng tóng] /common/joint/jointly/together/collaborative/

关节 [guān jié] /joint/

合影 [hé yǐng] /joint photo/group photo/

合资 [hé zī] /joint venture/

接合 [jiē hé] /joint/

联合发表 [lián hé fā biǎo] /joint statement/joint announcement/

联合公报 [lián hé gōng bào] /joint announcement/

联合军演 [lián hé jūn yǎn] /joint military exercise/

联席会议 [lián xí huì yì] /joint conference/

沙利科什维利 [shā lì kē shí wéi lì] /General Shalikashvili (Head of US Joint Chiefs of Staff)/

箨 [tuò] /sheath around joints of bamboo/

骱 [xiè] /joint of bones/

New ways of organizing the workplace — all that re-engineering and downsizing — are only one contribution to the overall productivity of an economy, which is driven by many other factors such as joint investment in equipment and machinery, new technology, and investment in education and training.

{adj: aching, achy} causing a dull and steady pain
"my aching head"
"her old achy joints"

{adj: akimbo} (used of arms and legs) bent outward with the joint away from the body
"a tailor sitting with legs akimbo"
"stood with arms akimbo"

{adj: arthritic, creaky, rheumatic, rheumatoid, rheumy} of or pertaining to arthritis
"my creaky old joints"
"rheumy with age and grief"

{adj: arthromeric} of or relating to one of the body segments of jointed animals

{adj: articular, articulary} relating to or affecting the joints of the body
"the articular surfaces of bones"
"articular disease"

{adj: articulated, articulate} consisting of segments held together by joints
<-> unarticulated

{adj: capsular} resembling a capsule
"the capsular ligament is a sac surrounding the articular cavity of a freely movable joint and attached to the bones"

{adj: combined, concerted, conjunct, conjunctive, cooperative, united} involving the joint activity of two or more
"the attack was met by the combined strength of two divisions"
"concerted action"
"the conjunct influence of fire and strong wind"
"the conjunctive focus of political opposition"
"a cooperative effort"
"a united effort"
"joint military activities"

{adj: corporate, collective} done by or characteristic of individuals acting together
"a joint identity"
"the collective mind"
"the corporate good"

{adj: disjointed, dislocated, separated} separated at the joint
"a dislocated knee"
"a separated shoulder"

{adj: disjointed} taken apart at the joints
"a disjointed fowl"

{adj: double-jointed} having unusually flexible joints especially of the limbs or fingers

{adj: enlarged} larger than normal
"enlarged joints"

{adj: jointed} having joints or jointed segments;

{adj: joint} affecting or involving two or more
"joint income-tax return"
"joint ownership"

{adj: joint} involving both houses of a legislature
"a joint session of Congress"

{adj: joint} united or combined
"a joint session of Congress"
"joint owners"
<-> separate

{adj: lap-jointed, lap-strake, lap-straked, lap-streak, lap-streaked, overlapping} laid overlapping (not flush)

{adj: loose-jointed} loosely articulated or constructed
"a loose-jointed paragraph"

{adj: popliteal} of or relating to the area behind the knee joint

{adj: rickety, rachitic} affected with, suffering from, or characteristic of rickets
"rickety limbs and joints"
"a rachitic patient"

{adj: separate} independent; not united or joint
"a problem consisting of two separate issues"
"they went their separate ways"
"formed a separate church"
<-> joint

{adj: siamese} connecting two or more pipes or hoses or having such a connection
"a Y-shaped siamese joint"
"siamese fire-hose lines"

{adj: spavined} (of horses) afflicted with a swelling of the hock-joint

{adj: supported} held up or having the weight borne especially from below
"supported joints in a railroad track have ties directly under the rail ends"
<-> unsupported, unsupported

{adj: unarticulated} not consisting of segments that are held together by joints
<-> articulated

{adj: unjointed} without joints or jointed segments

{n: Arthropoda, phylum Arthropoda} jointed-foot invertebrates: arachnids; crustaceans; insects; millipedes; centipedes

{n: Benghazi} port in northern Libya on the Gulf of Sidra; formerly a joint capital of Libya with Tripoli

{n: Christmas cactus, Schlumbergera buckleyi, Schlumbergera baridgesii} epiphytic cactus of Brazilian ancestry widely cultivated as a houseplant having jointed flat segments and usually rose-purple flowers that bloom in winter

{n: Craigie, William A. Craigie, Sir William Alexander Craigie} English lexicographer who was a joint editor of the Oxford English Dictionary (1872-1966)

{n: Defense Information Systems Agency, DISA} a combat support agency in the Department of Defense responsible for developing and operating and supporting information systems to serve the needs of the President and the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff

{n: Easter cactus, Hatiora gaertneri, Schlumbergera gaertneri} spring-blooming South American cactus with oblong joints and coral-red flowers; sometimes placed in genus Schlumbergera

{n: Ferdinand and Isabella} joint monarchs of Spain; Ferdinand V and Isabella I

{n: Gothic arch} a pointed arch; usually has a joint (instead of a keystone) at the apex

{n: Gulf War syndrome, Persian Gulf illness} a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War; characterized by fatigue and headache and dizziness and nausea and rashes and joint pain and respiratory disorders

{n: Indian hemp, rheumatism weed, Apocynum cannabinum} Canadian dogbane yielding a tough fiber used as cordage by native Americans; used in folk medicine for pain or inflammation in joints

{n: Joint Chiefs of Staff, Joint Chiefs} the executive agency that advises the President on military questions; composed of the chiefs of the United States Army and the United States Navy and the United States Air Force and the commandant of the United States Marine Corps

{n: Joint Direct Attack Munition, JDAM} a pinpoint bomb guidance device that can be strapped to a gravity bomb thus converting dumb bombs into smart bombs

{n: Lophophora, genus Lophophora} two species of small cacti of northeastern Mexico and southwestern United States having rounded stems covered with jointed tubercles: mescal

{n: Lyme disease, Lyme arthritis} an acute inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever; caused by bacteria carried by the bite of a deer tick

{n: Mecca} joint capital (with Riyadh) of Saudi Arabia; located in western Saudi Arabia; as the birthplace of Muhammad it is the holiest city of Islam

{n: O ring} a gasket consisting of a flat ring of rubber or plastic; used to seal a joint against high pressure

{n: Pacinian corpuscle} a specialized bulblike nerve ending located in the subcutaneous tissue of the skin; occurs abundantly in the skin of palms and soles and joints and genitals

{n: Riyadh, capital of Saudi Arabia} joint capital (with Mecca) of Saudi Arabia located in the central oasis; largest city in Saudi Arabia

{n: Still's disease, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis} a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children; large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retarded

{n: Swedish massage} massage combined with a system of active and passive exercises for the muscles and joints

{n: William III, William of Orange} King of England and Scotland and Ireland; he married the daughter of James II and was invited by opponents of James II to invade England; when James fled, William III and Mary II were declared joint monarchs (1650-1702)

{n: William and Mary} joint monarchs of England; William III and Mary II

{n: Zygocactus, genus Zygocactus} small genus of Brazilian cacti having flat fleshy usually branched joints and showy red or pink flowers followed by red fleshy fruits

{n: abarticulation} dislocation of a joint

{n: acetabulum, cotyloid cavity} the cup-shaped hollow in the hipbone into which the head of the femur fits to form a ball-and-socket joint

{n: ankle, ankle joint, mortise joint, articulatio talocruralis} a gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus

{n: anklebone, astragal, astragalus, talus} the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle joint

{n: ankylosis, anchylosis} abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a joint

{n: antefix} carved ornament at the eaves of a tile roof concealing the joints between tiles

{n: anti-TNF compound} a class of drugs that block the action of tumor necrosis factor (TNF); used in cases of rheumatoid arthritis because TNF instigates inflammation of the joints

{n: arthralgia} pain in a joint or joints

{n: arthritis} inflammation of a joint or joints

{n: arthrocentesis} removal of fluid from a joint by centesis

{n: arthrodesis} the surgical fixation of a joint which is intended to result in bone fusion

{n: arthrogram} an X ray of a joint after the injection of a contrast medium

{n: arthrography} roentgenographic examination of a joint after injection of radiopaque contrast medium; produces an arthrogram

{n: arthromere} any of the segments in the body of a jointed animal like an arthropod

{n: arthropathy} a pathology or abnormality of a joint

{n: arthroplasty} surgical reconstruction or replacement of a malformed or degenerated joint

{n: arthropod} invertebrate having jointed limbs and a segmented body with an exoskeleton made of chitin

{n: arthroscope} a type of endoscope that is inserted into a joint for visual examination

{n: arthroscopy} a minimally invasive operation to repair a damaged joint; the surgeon examines the joint with an arthroscope while making repairs through a small incision

{n: articular muscle} a muscle that inserts directly onto the capsule of a joint

{n: articulation, join, joint, juncture, junction} the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made

{n: articulatory system} the system of joints in the body

{n: artificial joint} a metal or plastic part that is surgically implanted to replace a natural joint (possibly elbow or wrist but usually hip or knee)

{n: ball-and-socket joint, spheroid joint, cotyloid joint, enarthrodial joint, enarthrosis, articulatio spheroidea} a freely moving joint in which a sphere on the head of one bone fits into a rounded cavity in the other bone

{n: ball-and-socket joint} a joint that can rotate within a socket

{n: baseboard, mopboard, skirting board} a molding covering the joint formed by a wall and the floor

{n: bunion} a painful swelling of the bursa of the first joint of the big toe

{n: bursa} a small fluid-filled sac located between movable parts of the body especially at joints

{n: butt joint, butt} a joint made by fastening ends together without overlapping

{n: butt weld, butt-weld} a butt joint that is welded

{n: butt welding, butt-welding} creating a butt joint by welding

{n: casuarina} any of various trees and shrubs of the genus Casuarina having jointed stems and whorls of scalelike leaves; some yield heavy hardwood

{n: chicken leg, chicken drumstick} the lower joint of the leg of a chicken

{n: ciprofloxacin, Cipro} an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints

{n: circumflex artery of the thigh, arteria circumflexa femoris} an artery that supplies the hip joint and thigh muscles

{n: circumflex humeral artery, arteria circumflexa humeri} an artery that supplies the shoulder joint and shoulder muscles

{n: clip joint} a place of entertainment where high prices are charged for poor entertainment

{n: coauthor, joint author} a writer who collaborates with others in writing something

{n: common dogbane, spreading dogbane, rheumatism weed, Apocynum androsaemifolium} North American perennial having pinkish flowers in loose cymes; used in folk medicine for pain or inflammation in joints

{n: condyle} a round bump on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone

{n: conjugal right} the right of married persons to the enjoyment of association and sympathy and confidence and domestic happiness and the comfort of living together and eating meals at the same table and profiting from joint property right and the intimacies of domestic relations

{n: cooperation} joint operation or action
"their cooperation with us was essential for the success of our mission"
<-> competition

{n: copartner} a joint partner (as in a business enterprise)

{n: corrugated fastener, wiggle nail} a small strip of corrugated steel with sharp points on one side; hammered across wood joints in rough carpentry

{n: crab cactus, Thanksgiving cactus, Zygocactus truncatus, Schlumbergera truncatus} South American jointed cactus with usually red flowers; often cultivated as a houseplant; sometimes classified as genus Schlumbergera

{n: deltoid, deltoid muscle, musculus deltoideus} a large triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint and serving to abduct and flex and extend and rotate the arm

{n: dengue, dengue fever, dandy fever, breakbone fever} an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints

{n: diarchy, dyarchy} a form of government having two joint rulers

{n: dovetail plane} a woodworking plane designed to make the grooves for dovetail joints

{n: dovetail, dovetail joint} a mortise joint formed by interlocking tenons and mortises

{n: drumstick} the lower joint of the leg of a fowl

{n: duct tape} a wide silvery adhesive tape intended to seal joints in sheet metal duct work but having many other uses
"duct tape holds the world together"

{n: earwig} any of numerous insects of the order Dermaptera having elongate bodies and slender many-jointed antennae and a pair of large pincers at the rear of the abdomen

{n: eburnation} a change that occurs in degenerative joint disease in which bone is converted into a dense smooth substance resembling ivory

{n: elbow, elbow joint, human elbow, cubitus, cubital joint, articulatio cubiti} hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm and the corresponding joint in the forelimb of a quadruped

{n: elbow} the joint of a mammal or bird that corresponds to the human elbow

{n: elbow} the part of a sleeve that covers the elbow joint
"his coat had patches over the elbows"

{n: ephedra, joint fir} jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds

{n: epiphyllum, orchid cactus} any cactus of the genus Epiphyllum having flattened jointed irregularly branching stems and showy tubular flowers

{n: fetlock, fetlock joint} the joint between the cannon bone and the pastern

{n: fish joint} a butt joint formed by bolting fish plates to the sides of two rails or beams

{n: flexion, flexure} act of bending a joint; especially a joint between the bones of a limb so that the angle between them is decreased
<-> extension

{n: flexor muscle, flexor} a skeletal muscle whose contraction bends a joint
<-> extensor

{n: flexure, flection, flexion} the state of being flexed (as of a joint)

{n: foot, human foot, pes} the part of the leg of a human being below the ankle joint
"his bare feet projected from his trousers"
"armored from head to foot"

{n: foreign direct investment} a joint venture between a foreign company and a United States company

{n: gasket} seal consisting of a ring for packing pistons or sealing a pipe joint

{n: genus Gnetum} type genus of the Gnetaceae; small trees or shrubs usually with climbing jointed stems and terminal spikes of flowers with orange-red seeds clustered in rough cones

{n: giant reed, Arundo donax} large rhizomatous perennial grasses found by riversides and in ditches having jointed stems and large grey-white feathery panicles

{n: glass lizard, glass snake, joint snake} snakelike lizard of Europe and Asia and North America with vestigial hind limbs and the ability to regenerate its long fragile tail

{n: glenoid fossa, glenoid cavity} the concavity in the head of the scapula that receives the head of the humerus to form the shoulder joint

{n: gliding joint, articulatio plana} a freely moving joint in which the articulations allow only gliding motions

{n: gluteal artery, arteria glutes} branches of the internal iliac artery that supply the hip joint and gluteal region

{n: gout, gouty arthritis, urarthritis} a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints

{n: gramineous plant, graminaceous plant} cosmopolitan herbaceous or woody plants with hollow jointed stems and long narrow leaves

{n: growing pains} pain in muscles or joints sometimes experienced by children and often attributed to rapid growth

{n: head} the rounded end of a bone that bits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint
"the head of the humerus"

{n: hemochromatosis, iron-storage disease, iron overload, bronzed diabetes} pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues; characterized by bronzed skin and enlarged liver and diabetes mellitus and abnormalities of the pancreas and the joints

{n: hinge joint, ginglymus, ginglymoid joint} a freely moving joint in which the bones are so articulated as to allow extensive movement in one plane

{n: hinge, flexible joint} a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other

{n: hip socket} the socket part of the ball-and-socket joint between the head of the femur and the innominate bone

{n: hip, hip joint, coxa, articulatio coxae} the ball-and-socket joint between the head of the femur and the acetabulum

{n: hock, hock-joint} tarsal joint of the hind leg of hoofed mammals; corresponds to the human ankle

{n: horseshoe vetch, Hippocrepis comosa} European woody perennial with yellow umbellate flowers followed by flattened pods that separate into horseshoe-shaped joints

{n: horsetail} perennial rushlike flowerless herbs with jointed hollow stems and narrow toothlike leaves that spread by creeping rhizomes; tend to become weedy; common in northern hemisphere; some in Africa and South America

{n: hyaline cartilage} translucent cartilage that is common in joints and the respiratory passages; forms most of the fetal skeleton

{n: hyaluronic acid} a viscous mucopolysaccharide found in the connective tissue space and the synovial fluid of movable joints and the humors of the eye; a cementing and protective substance

{n: hydrarthrosis} inflammation and swelling of a movable joint because of excess synovial fluid

{n: integrated logistic support} the pooling of specific resources by subscribing nations for the support of some joint operation

{n: interphalangeal joint} any of the joints between the phalanges of the fingers or toes

{n: joint probability} the probability of two events occurring together

{n: joint resolution} a resolution passed by both houses of Congress which becomes legally binding when signed by the chief executive (or passed over the executive's veto)

{n: joint return} a return filed by a husband and wife

{n: joint venture} a venture by a partnership or conglomerate designed to share risk or expertise
"a joint venture between the film companies to produce TV shows"

{n: joint, articulation, articulatio} (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion)

{n: joint, marijuana cigarette, reefer, stick, spliff} marijuana leaves rolled into a cigarette for smoking

{n: joint-stock company} a company (usually unincorporated) which has the capital of its members pooled in a common fund; transferable shares represent ownership interest; shareholders are legally liable for all debts of the company

{n: jointed charlock, wild radish, wild rape, runch, Raphanus raphanistrum} Eurasian weed having yellow or mauve or white flowers and podlike fruits

{n: jointed rush, Juncus articulatus} rush of Australia

{n: jointer, jointer plane, jointing plane, long plane} a long carpenter's plane used to shape the edges of boards so they will fit together

{n: joint} a disreputable place of entertainment

{n: joint} junction by which parts or objects are joined together

{n: juke, jook, juke joint, jook joint, juke house, jook house} a small roadside establishment in the southeastern United States where you can eat and drink and dance to music provided by a jukebox

{n: jumping jack} plaything consisting of a toy figure with movable joints that can be made to dance by pulling strings

{n: kingbolt, kingpin, swivel pin} bolt that provides a steering joint in a motor vehicle

{n: knee, knee joint, human knee, articulatio genus, genu} hinge joint in the human leg connecting the tibia and fibula with the femur and protected in front by the patella

{n: knuckle joint, hinge joint} a joint allowing movement in one plane only

{n: knuckle, knuckle joint, metacarpophalangeal joint} a joint of a finger when the fist is closed

{n: lap joint, splice} joint made by overlapping two ends and joining them together

{n: lay figure} dummy in the form of an artist's jointed model of the human body

{n: limb} one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper

{n: lupus erythematosus, LE} a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)

{n: lute, luting} a substance for packing a joint or coating a porous surface to make it impervious to gas or liquid

{n: luxation} displacement or misalignment of a joint or organ

{n: mandibular joint, temporomandibular joint, articulatio temporomandibularis} the joint between the head of the lower jawbone and the temporal bone

{n: meniscus, semilunar cartilage} (anatomy) a disk of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet at a joint

{n: meteortropism} an effect of climate on biological processes (as the effect on joint pains etc.)

{n: methyl salicylate, birch oil, sweet-birch oil} a liquid ester with a strong odor of wintergreen; applied externally for minor muscle and joint pain

{n: miter box, mitre box} hand tool for guiding handsaws in making crosscuts or miter joints

{n: miter joint, mitre joint, miter, mitre} joint that forms a corner; usually both sides are bevelled at a 45-degree angle to form a 90-degree corner

{n: miter, mitre} the surface of a beveled end of a piece where a miter joint is made
"he covered the miter with glue before making the joint"

{n: mortise joint, mortise-and-tenon joint} a joint made by inserting tenon on one piece into mortise holes in the other

{n: mortise, mortice} a square hole made to receive a tenon and so to form a joint

{n: musculoskeletal system} the system of muscles and tendons and ligaments and bones and joints and associated tissues that move the body and maintain its form

{n: musculus articularis cubiti} a small branch of the triceps that inserts into the capsule of the elbow joint

{n: nerve entrapment} repeated and long-term nerve compression (usually in nerves near joints that are subject to inflammation or swelling)

{n: oakum} loose hemp or jute fiber obtained by unravelling old ropes; when impregnated with tar it was used to caulk seams and pack joints in wooden ships

{n: obturator vein, vena obturatoria} a vein formed by the union of tributaries that drain the hip joints and thigh muscles; empties into the internal iliac vein

{n: oil beetle} any of various beetles that exude an oily substance from the leg joints that deters enemies

{n: operation, military operation} activity by a military or naval force (as a maneuver or campaign)
"it was a joint operation of the navy and air force"

{n: orthopedics, orthopaedics} the branch of medical science concerned with disorders or deformities of the spine and joints

{n: osteoarthritis, degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease} chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age

{n: patella, kneecap, kneepan} a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint

{n: pine knot} a joint of pine wood used for fuel

{n: pivot joint, rotary joint, rotatory joint, articulatio trochoidea} a freely moving joint in which movement is limited to rotation
"the articulation of the radius and ulna in the arm is a pivot joint"

{n: pointing trowel} a trowel used to fill and finish masonry joints with mortar or cement

{n: prickly pear, prickly pear cactus} cacti having spiny flat joints and oval fruit that is edible in some species; often used as food for stock

{n: rabbet joint} a joint formed by fitting together two rabbeted boards

{n: rheumatic fever} a severe disease chiefly of children and characterized by painful inflammation of the joints and frequently damage to the heart valves

{n: rheumatism} any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues

{n: rheumatoid arthritis, atrophic arthritis, rheumatism} a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint

{n: rheumatology} the branch of medicine dealing with the study and treatment of pathologies of the muscles or tendons or joints

{n: rib joint pliers} a type of pliers

{n: rigor mortis} temporary stiffness of joints and muscular rigidity occurring after death

{n: roast, joint} a piece of meat roasted or for roasting and of a size for slicing into more than one portion

{n: rotator cuff} a supporting structure of the shoulder consisting of the muscles and tendons that attach the arm to the shoulder joint and enable the arm to move

{n: scarf joint, scarf} a joint made by notching the ends of two pieces of timber or metal so that they will lock together end-to-end

{n: sealing material} any substance used to seal joints or fill cracks in a porous surface

{n: seam} joint consisting of a line formed by joining two pieces

{n: second joint, thigh} the upper joint of the leg of a fowl

{n: selflessness, self-sacrifice} acting with less concern for yourself than for the success of the joint activity

{n: sesamoid bone, sesamoid, os sesamoideum} any of several small round bones formed in a tendon where it passes over a joint

{n: shoulder, shoulder joint, articulatio humeri} a ball-and-socket joint between the head of the humerus and a cavity of the scapula

{n: slip-joint pliers} pliers with a joint adjustable to two positions in order to increase the opening of the jaws

{n: snaffle, snaffle bit} a simple jointed bit for a horse; without a curb

{n: spavin} a swelling of the hock joint of a horse; resulting in lameness

{n: spondylarthritis} arthritis that affects one or more of the intervertebral joints in the spine

{n: spondylitis} inflammation of a spinal joint; characterized by pain and stiffness

{n: spot welding, spot-welding} creating an overlapping joint by welding at small points

{n: sprain} a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments

{n: stifle, knee} joint between the femur and tibia in a quadruped; corresponds to the human knee

{n: stone curlew, thick-knee, Burhinus oedicnemus} large-headed large-eyed crepuscular or nocturnal shorebird of the Old World and tropical America having a thickened knee joint

{n: strap hinge, joint hinge} a hinge with two long straps; one strap is fastened to the surface of a moving part (e.g., a door or lid) and the other is fastened to the adjacent stationary frame

{n: subluxation} partial displacement of a joint or organ

{n: sugarcane, sugar cane, Saccharum officinarum} tall tropical southeast Asian grass having stout fibrous jointed stalks; sap is a chief source of sugar

{n: suture, sutura, fibrous joint} an immovable joint (especially between the bones of the skull)

{n: sweet vetch, Hedysarum boreale} perennial of western United States having racemes of pink to purple flowers followed by flat pods that separate into nearly orbicular joints

{n: synovia, synovial fluid} viscid lubricating fluid secreted by the membrane lining joints and tendon sheaths etc.

{n: synovial joint, articulatio synovialis, diarthrosis} a joint so articulated as to move freely

{n: synovial membrane, synovium} a thin membrane in synovial (freely moving) joints that lines the joint capsule and secretes synovial fluid

{n: synovitis} inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines a synovial joint; results in pain and swelling

{n: systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, disseminated lupus erythematosus} an inflammatory disease of connective tissue with variable features including fever and weakness and fatigability and joint pains and skin lesions on the face or neck or arms

{n: tenon} a projection at the end of a piece of wood that is shaped to fit into a mortise and form a mortise joint

{n: tinning} the application of a thin layer of soft solder to the ends of wires before soldering them
"careful tinning of the ends of wires results in a better joint when you solder them"

{n: toehold} a wrestling hold in which the toe is held and the leg is twisted against the joints

{n: toggle joint} a joint made by two arms attached by a pivot; used to apply pressure at the two ends by straightening the joint

{n: toke} a puff of a marijuana or hashish cigarette
"the boys took a few tokes on a joint"

{n: tongue and groove joint} a mortise joint made by fitting a projection on the edge of one board into a matching groove on another board

{n: tophus, chalkstone} a deposit of urates around a joint or in the external ear; diagnostic of advanced or chronic gout

{n: trench fever} marked by pain in muscles and joints and transmitted by lice

{n: turkey leg, turkey drumstick} the lower joint of the leg of a turkey

{n: unitization, unitisation} the joint development of a petroleum resource that straddles territory controlled by different companies

{n: universal joint, universal} coupling that connects two rotating shafts allowing freedom of movement in all directions
"in motor vehicles a universal joint allows the driveshaft to move up and down as the vehicle passes over bumps"

{n: weather strip, weatherstrip, weather stripping, weatherstripping} a narrow strip of material to cover the joint of a door or window to exclude the cold

{n: weld} a metal joint formed by softening with heat and fusing or hammering together

{n: wrist, carpus, wrist joint, radiocarpal joint, articulatio radiocarpea} a joint between the distal end of the radius and the proximal row of carpal bones

{v: ankylose, ancylose} undergo ankylosis
"joints ankylose"

{v: butt} place end to end without overlapping
"The frames must be butted at the joints"

{v: disjoint, disarticulate} separate at the joints
"disjoint the chicken before cooking it"

{v: dislocate, luxate, splay, slip} move out of position
"dislocate joints"
"the artificial hip joint luxated and had to be put back surgically"

{v: flex, bend} bend a joint
"flex your wrists"
"bend your knees"

{v: hyperextend} extend a joint beyond its normal range
"Don't hyperextend your elbow"

{v: inflame} cause inflammation in
"The repetitive motion inflamed her joint"

{v: joint, articulate} provide with a joint
"the carpenter jointed two pieces of wood"

{v: joint} fasten with a joint

{v: joint} fit as if by joints
"The boards fit neatly"

{v: joint} separate (meat) at the joint

{v: miter} bevel the edges of, to make a miter joint

{v: miter} fit together in a miter joint

{v: point, repoint} repair the joints of bricks
"point a chimney"

{v: rabbet} join with a rabbet joint

{v: scarf} unite by a scarf joint

{v: strap} secure (a sprained joint) with a strap

I urge you two to get joint counseling immediately.

Construction of the Shantou and Xiamen port facilities added to the total of six operating joint venture ports run by Hutchison Delta Ports.

AC Nielsen eRatings.com is a joint venture between television audience researcher AC Nielsen and Internet measurement software company NetRatings, which own 80 per cent and 20 per cent of the company respectively.
AC 尼尔森网络调查公司是研究电视收视率的 AC 尼尔森公司和互联网统计软件公司 NetRatinsg 两家合资组建的,各占 80%和 20%的股份。

Thus, a Chinese consumer will buy the joint venture's hardware, use its cable service to connect to the Net and automatically be directed to the content the two companies have produced where, the partners hope, he or she will stay to shop or just eyeball the advertising.

Kuala Lumpur Like Indonesia, tipping in Malaysia is confined to the pricier Westernized joints, which often add a 10% service charge to your meal or hotel room.

If you 're at a Korean barbecue joint, there's no need to add anything extra.

Upnet Hungary is a Norwegian-Hungarian joint venture that integrates HomePilot, a type of computer that plugs into a standard television set, with a cable service linked to the Internet.
阿普奈特是一家挪威匈牙利合资企业,它把一种叫 HomePilot 的可接入标准电视机的电脑与一种跟互联网相连的有线服务相融合。

It is a risk factor for a wide range of serious medical conditions, including diabetes, heart disease, stoke, certain forms of cancer, gall bladder disease and joint problems.

Since being granted a divorce from Mick Jagger in August, after it was revealed that he had fathered a child with another woman, Hall has demonstrated her capacity for forgiveness by continuing to appear with him in public and going on joint vacations with their four children.
自从米克·贾格尔与另一女士生了一孩子的传闻披露,霍尔获准与他 8月份离婚以来,霍尔显示出了她的宽恕力。她继续与他同时出现在公众场合,继续与他们的四个孩子共同度假。

Known as KPNQwest, this joint venture operates a high-capacity European fiber-optic IP network which is interconnected to Qwest's fiber network to deliver multimedia, data and voice services.
两家公司创建的合资公司 KPNQwest 经营一个大容量的欧洲光纤 IP 网络。该网络与奎斯特的光纤网相连,向用户提供多媒体、数据与语音服务。

Prime Minister Tony Blair said Britain and Italy share common views on the agenda for the summit of leading industrial nations later this year. He says the two countries are in agreement on the way forward for Africa and climate change. Mr. Blair and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi held a joint press conference Friday at the end of their talks in Rome.
英国首相布莱尔说,英国和意大利对今年下半年主要工业国首脑会议的议事日程持相同立场。 布莱尔说,英国和意大利对非洲问题和世界气候变化问题的发展前景意见一致。星期五,布莱尔和意大利总理贝卢斯科尼会谈结束时在罗马联合举行新闻发布会。

With that familiar introduction in the U.S. House chamber, an American president prepares to deliver the annual State of the Union Address to a joint session of the U.S. Congress.

But in a joint news appearance with Mr. Annan, Secretary Powell said he thinks the U.N. is doing a good job in its election work, stressing not the size of the U.N. contingent in the country, but the number of Iraqis who have been trained to run the voting.

Meanwhile, Pentagon Joint Chiefs of Staff chairman, General Richard Myers, arrived in Baghdad for a visit intended to boost morale among the troops. He was accompanied by actor Robin Williams, former American National Football League quarterback John Elway and sportscaster Leeann Tweeden.

Mr. Powell's genocide determination September 9 followed U.S. interviews of more than one thousand Darfur refugees in Chad. The U.S. Congress also declared the Darfur violence genocide in a joint resolution in July.

joint venture 合资企业

joint venture enterprise 合资企业

joint venture with Chinese and foreign investment income tax 中外合资经营企业所得税

Ball joint 球接头

Constant velocity joint 等速万向接头

Joint constant velocity 等速接头

Lower ball joint 下球接头

Slip joint 滑动接头

Universal joint 万向接头

Upper ball joint 上球接头

Tubes, pipes and hoses, and fittings therefor ( for example, joints, elbows, flanges ), of pl

Compressed asbestos fibre jointing, in sheets or rolls

Clutches & shaft couplings (including universal joints)

Gaskets and similar joints of met al sheeting combined with other material or of two or more

Elect conduit tubing/joints of base metls, with inner insulat lining

Artificial joints

Acidizing straight joints

Shear joints

Blast joints

Completion expansion joints

Completion safety joints

Travel joints

Drill pipe tool joints

Slickline knuckle joints

Oil country pup joints

Joint cleaning or refacing machines

Constant velocity joints

Universal joints

Ball joint

Knuckle joints

Exhaust duct expansion joints

Slip or groove joint pliers

Siding butt joints

Drywall joint compounds

Pipe expansion joints

Orthopedic revision or total joint instrument systems

Endoscopic small joint instrument sets

Joint sealing services

Tuberculosis of bones and joints
Tuberculosis of:
.hip (M01.1*)
.knee (M01.1*)
.vertebral column (M49.0*)
.arthritis (M01.1*)
.mastoiditis (H75.0*)
.necrosis of bone (M90.0*)
.osteitis (M90.0*)
.osteomyelitis (M90.0*)
.synovitis (M68.0*)
.tenosynovitis (M68.0*)
下列结核病 :
. 髋 ( M01.1* )
. 膝 ( M01.1* )
. 脊柱 ( M49.0* )
结核性 :
. 关节炎 ( M01.1* )
. 乳突炎 ( H75.0* ) . 骨头坏死 ( M90.0* )
. 骨炎 ( M90.0* )
. 骨髓炎 ( M90.0* )
. 滑膜炎 ( M68.0* )
. 肌腱滑膜炎 ( M68.0* )

Other late congenital syphilis, symptomatic
Any congenital syphilitic condition specified as late or manifest two years or more after
Clutton's joints+ (M03.1*)
Late congenital:
.cardiovascular syphilis+ (I98.0*)
.arthropathy+ (M03.1*)
.osteochondropathy+ (M90.2*)
Syphilitic saddle nose
克勒顿氏关节 + ( M03.1* )
赫金森氏 :
. 牙齿
. 叁徵
晚期先天性 :
. 心脏血管性梅毒 + ( I98.0* )
. 梅毒的 :
. 关节病变 + ( M03.1* )
. 骨软骨病变 + ( M90.2* )

Bone and joint lesions of yaws
Ganglion of yaws (early)(late)
Hydrarthrosis of yaws (early)(late)
Osteitis of yaws (early)(late)
Periostitis (hypertrophic) of yaws (early)(late)
Goundou of yaws (late)
Gumma, bone of yaws (late)
Gummatous osteitis or periostitis of yaws (late)
神经节之 ( 早期性 ) ( 晚期性 ) 莓疹
关节水肿之 ( 早期性 ) ( 晚期性 ) 莓疹
骨炎之 ( 早期性 ) ( 晚期性 ) 莓疹
骨膜炎 ( 肥厚性 ) 之 ( 早期性 ) ( 晚期性 ) 莓疹
成骨性鼻骨膜炎之 ( 晚期性 ) 莓疹
骨头树胶肿之 ( 晚期性 ) 莓疹
树胶肿性骨炎或骨膜炎之 ( 晚期性 ) 莓疹

Sequelae of tuberculosis of bones and joints

Temporomandibular joint disorders
Costen's complex or syndrome
Derangement of temporomandibular joint
Snapping jaw
Temporomandibular joint-pain-dysfunction syndrome
Excludes: current temporomandibular joint:
. dislocation (S03.0)
. strain (S03.4)
Costen 氏症候丛或症候群
颞颚关节 - 疼痛 - 机能障碍症候群
不包含 : 再发性颞颚关节 :
. 脱臼 (S03.0)
. 拉伤 (S03.4)

The following subclassification to indicate the site of invo- lvement is provided for
optional use with appropriate cate- gories in Chapter XIII. As local extensions or
specialty adaptations may vary in the number of characters used, it is suggested that the
supplementary site subclassification be placed in an identifiably separate position (e.g.
in an additio- nal box.) Different subclassifications for use with derangement of knee,
dorsopathies, and biomechanical lesions not elsewhere classified are given on pages 642,
649 and 677 respectively.
有所不同 , 所以建议附加位置亚纲於一可确认分别
的位置 ( 如 : 以一个附加的框框 ) 。用於膝障碍 , 背
呈现於第 642 , 649 及 677 页。
Multiple sites
Shoulder region
acromioclavicular joints
glenohumeral joints
sternoclavicular joints
Upper arm
elbow joint
wrist joint
joints between these bones


Pelvic region and thigh
hip (joint)
sacroiliac joint

髋 ( 关节 )
Lower leg
knee joint
Ankle and foot
ankle joint
other joints in foot


vertebral column

Site unspecified

Disorders affecting predominantly peripheral (limb) joints
关节病变 (M00-M25)
主要影响周边 ( 肢 ) 关节的疾患

Note: This block comprises arthropathies due to microbiological agents. Distinction is
made between the following types of etiological relationship:
(a) direct infection of joint, where organisms invade synovial tissue and microbial
antigen is present in the joint;
(b) indirect infection, which may be of two types: a reactive arthropathy, where microbial
infection of the body is estab- lished but neither organisms nor antigens can be
identified in the joint, and a postinfective arthropathy, where microbial antigen is
present but recovery of an organism is inconstant and evidence of local multiplication is
感染性关节病变 (M00-M03)
注 : 这部份由肇因於微生物因子之关节病变组成。
由下列病原学关系之型式以示区别 :
(a) 直接关节感染 , 其病原体侵犯滑膜组织而且微生
物抗原存在於关节中 ;
(b) 间接感染 , 其可分为两种型式 : 一种反应性关节
病变 , 其身体之微生物感染被确立 , 但既无生物也
无抗原能在关节中被确认 , 及一种感染後关节病变
, 其微生物抗原存在但病原体的复原为不定的且无

Direct infections of joint in infectious and parasitic diseases
classified elsewhere
[See site code pages 628-629]
Excludes: arthropathy in sarcoidosis (M14.8*)
postinfective and reactive arthropathy (M03.-*)
[ 请参考第 628-629 页之位置码 ]
不包含 : 类肉瘤病之关节病变 (M14.8*)
感染後和反应性关节病变 (M03.-*)

Postinfective and reactive arthropathies in diseases classified
[See site code pages 628-629]
Excludes: direct infections of joint in infectious and parasitic diseases classified

[ 请参考第 628-629 页之位置码 ]
不包含 : 归类於他处的传染性和寄生性疾病之直接
关节感染 (M01.-*)

Postinfective arthropathy in syphilis
Clutton's joints (A50.5+)
Excludes: Charcot's or tabetic arthropathy (M14.6*)
克勒顿氏关节 (A50.5+)
不包含 : 夏柯氏或脊髓痨性关节病变 (M14.6*)

Traumatic arthropathy
Excludes: post-traumatic arthrosis (of):
. NOS (M19.1)
. first carpometacarpal joint (M18.2-M18.3)
. hip (M16.4-M16.5)
. knee (M17.2-M17.3)
. other single joints (M19.1)
不包含 : 下列外伤後关节病 :
. 其他未明示的 (M19.1)
. 第一腕骨与掌骨间关节 (M18.2-M18.3)
. 髋部 (M16.4-M16.5)
. 膝盖 (M17.2-M17.3)
. 其他单一关节 (M19.1)

Includes: arthrosis with mention of more than one site
Excludes: bilateral involvement of single joint (M16-M19)
包含 : 提及一个位置以上的关节病
不包含 : 单一关节之双侧侵犯 (M16-M19)

Arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joint

Primary arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joints, bilateral

Other primary arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joint
Primary arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joint:
. unilateral
第一腕骨掌骨间关节之原发性关节病 :
. 其他未明示的
. 单侧性

Post-traumatic arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joints, bilateral

Other post-traumatic arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joint
Post-traumatic arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joint:
. unilateral
第一腕骨掌骨间关节之外伤後关节病 :
. 其他未明示的
. 单侧性

Other secondary arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joints, bilateral

Other secondary arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joint
Secondary arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joint:
. unilateral
第一腕骨掌骨间关节之续发性关节病 :
. 其他未明示的
. 单侧性

Arthrosis of first carpometacarpal joint, unspecified

Primary arthrosis of other joints
Primary arthrosis NOS

Post-traumatic arthrosis of other joints
Post-traumatic arthrosis NOS

Secondary arthrosis of other joints
Secondary arthrosis NOS

Excludes: joints of the spine (M40-M54)
其他关节疾患 (M20-M25)
不包含 : 脊椎的关节 (M40-M54)

Other specific joint derangements
[See site code pages 628-629]
Excludes: current injury-see injury of joint by body region
ganglion (M67.4)
snapping knee (M23.8)
temporomandibular joint disorders (K07.6)
[ 请参考第 628-629 页之位置码 ]
不包含 : 最近的伤害 - 请参考身体部位之关节伤害
腱鞘囊肿 (M67.4)
弹响膝 (M23.8)
颞下颌、关节疾患 (K07.6)

Loose body in joint
Excludes: loose body in knee (M23.4)
不包含 : 膝之关节游离体 (M23.4)

Pathological dislocation and subluxation of joint,not elsewhere
Excludes: dislocation or displacement of joint:
. congenital-see congenital malformations and deformations of the musculoskeletal system
. current injury-see injury of joints and ligaments by body region
. recurrent (M24.4)
不包含 : 关节脱臼或移位 :
. 先天性 - 请参考骨骼肌肉系统之先天性异形及变形
. 最近的伤害 - 请参考身体部位之关节及韧带伤害
. 再发性 (M24.4)

Recurrent dislocation and subluxation of joint
Excludes: patella (M22.0-M22.1)
vertebral subluxation (M43.3-M43.5)
不包含 : 髌骨再发性脱臼和不全脱臼 (M22.0-M22.1)
脊椎不全脱臼 (M43.3-M43.5)

Contracture of joint
Excludes: acquired deformities of limbs (M20-M21)
contracture of tendon (sheath) without contracture of joint (M67.1)
Dupuytren's contracture (M72.0)
不包含 : 後天性变形 (M20-M21)
肌腱 ( 鞘 ) 紧缩 , 未伴有关节紧缩 (M67.1)
裘庇脱兰氏紧缩 (M72.0)

Ankylosis of joint
Excludes: spine (M43.2)
stiffness of joint without ankylosis (M25.6)
不包含 : 脊椎 (M43.2)
关节僵直 , 未伴有关节粘连 (M25.6)

Other specific joint derangements, not elsewhere classified
Irritable hip


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