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instrument

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instrument [ 'instrumənt] n.仪器;工具;乐器

instrument n. 乐器;工具,器械

金融工具 financial instruments

MPEG Musical Instrument Digital Interface 乐器数字接口

Instruments Import and Export Corporation 仪器进出口公司

Scientific Instrument import and Export Corporation 科学仪器进出口公司

Performing Instrument Company 演出器材公司

Teaching Instrument Company 教学仪器公司

adhesion test instrument for the wood coating 木材涂层附着力测定仪

Coating adhesion test instrument 漆膜附着力试验仪

Coating impact instrument 漆膜冲击仪

Coating surface impact instrument漆膜表面冲击仪

Optical Instrument Factory 光学仪器厂

Electronic Instruments Plant 电子仪器厂

Educational Instrument Factory 教学仪器厂

Musical Instrument Factory 乐器厂

Instruments Import and Export Corporation 仪器进出口公司

Scientific Instrument import and Export Corporation 科学仪器进出口公司

Performing Instrument Company 演出器材公司

Teaching Instrument Company 教学仪器公司

Surgical Instrument 手术器械

instrument 工具,仪器,乐器

Automobile instrument 汽车仪表板

Calibrating instrument 校准仪表

Structural instrument panel 结构仪表板

仪器科学与技术 Instrument Science and Technology

精密仪器及机械 Precision Instrument and Machinery

测试计量技术及仪器 Measuring and Testing Technologies and Instruments

debt instrument 债务证券

温度测量仪器
thermometric instruments

分析测定方法和仪器
analysis measuring method and instrument

柴油机排烟测定仪器
diesel smoke measuring instrument

仪表参考平面
reference plane of instrument panel

声学仪器
acoustical instrument

仪表饰板 Instrument Panel Garnish

仪表板 Instrument Panel

Circumstances are the rulers of the weak, instruments of the wise.
弱者受制于环境,智者利用环境。

Everybody who plays an instrument, even a little, understands music in a difficult way from somebody who has never felt the thrill of making music himself?
每个演奏乐器的人,哪怕只会一点点,理解音乐的方式都与从未感受过自己奏出音乐的激动的人不同。

Both the violin and the piano are instruments.
小提琴和钢琴都是乐器。

A hammer is an instrument people often use for repairing things.
锤子是人们常用来修理东西的工具。

orchestral instruments
管弦乐器
an orchestral production
管弦乐队的演出

The instruments monitor the patient's heartbeats.
这些仪器监测着病人的心跳。

The space station is a useful instrument in exploring outer space.
空间站是探索太空的有用工具。

Mathematics is the instrument used by physical sciences to explore things and record results.
数学是在自然科学中用来探究现象、记录结论的工具。

Circumstances are the rulers of the weak, instrument of the wise.
弱者困于环境,智者利用环境。

Calibration,instrument 设备校准

Standardization instrument 设备标准化

A I’ll see you later tonight. I’m going to my music class first.
A 今晚晚些时候见。我先去上音乐课。
B Your music class What musical instrument do you play?
B 音乐课?你玩什么乐器?
A I play the piano. I practise every week. It’s my hobby.
A 我弹钢琴。我每周都练习。这是我的业余爱好。
B I didn’t know you play the piano. I’d love to hear you play.
B 我不知道你弹钢琴。我想听你弹弹。
A You can come and listen, if you’d like. What’s your hobby?
A 如果你愿意的话可以来听。你的爱好是什么?
B Well, I like music too – but not playing musical instrument. I like going to clubs and hearing the best DJs.
B 哦,我也喜欢音乐——但是不是乐器。我喜欢去俱乐部听最好的DJ。

A What would you do if you had more time?
A 如果你有更多的时间你将做什么?
B Me I’d probably learn to play a musical instrument.
B 我?我很可能学习一样乐器。
A Which one?
A 什么乐器?
B Well, if I had more time, I’d learn to play guitar. I really like the sound. What about you?
B 哦,如果我有更多的时间,我将学习弹吉他。我非常喜欢吉他的音色。你呢?
A If I had more time, I’d travel around China. There’s so much to see.
A 如果我有更多的时间,我将到中国各地去旅游。有那么多要看的东西。
B Yes, I agree - that would be good. There are lots of places I’d love to visit.
B 是的, 我同意——那太好了。我想有很多地方可以去玩。

A Did you play a musical instrument when you were young?
A 你年轻的时候摆弄乐器吗?
B Yes, but it was a long time ago. When I was young, I used to play the flute.
B 是的,那是很久以前的事情了。当我年轻的时候,我常常吹长笛。
A Why did you stop?
A 那你为什么后来不吹了?
B Well, I didn’t have the time. Also, I was more interested in sports. I loved football.
B 哦,我没有时间。而且,我对运动更感兴趣。我喜欢踢足球。
A Now I see. Football instead of the flute.
A 现在我明白了。你用足球取代了长笛。
B Well, maybe I should start playing music again.
B 嗯,也许我应该重新开始玩乐器。

A state which dwarfs its men ,in order that they may be more docile instruments in its hands even for beneficial purposes will find that with small men no great thing can really be accomplished.
John Stuart Mill, British economist
一个政府压制它的人民,以使他们成为自己手中的驯服工具——即便是为了正当的目的——它也会发现,靠受压制的人是不可能真正成就什么大事的。
英国经济学家穆勒J.S.

For me the different religions are beautiful flowers from the same garden, or they are branches of the same majestic tree. Therefore they are equally true, though being received and interpreted through human instruments equally imperfect.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Indian statesman
在我看来,各种宗教都是出自同一座花园的美丽花朵,或者可以说都是同一颗大树的分枝。所以,各种宗教都同样真实,虽然人们凭借着同等不完善的工具为接受并且阐释它们。
印度政治家甘地.M.K.

仪表 instrument; meter; appearance

板胡 [bǎn hú] /a bowed stringed instrument with a thin wooden soundboard/

拨弦乐器 [bō xián yuè qì] /plucked string or stringed instrument/plucked instrument/

尺子 [chǐ zi ] /rule/ruler (measuring instrument)/

风琴 [fēng qín] /organ (musical instrument)/

高清晰度 [gāo qīng xī dù] /high definition (instruments)/high resolution/

工具 [gōng jù] /tool/instrument/utensil/means/

光学 [guāng xué] /optics (math. phys.)/optical (instrument)/

具 [jù] /tool/device/utensil/equipment/instrument/

拉 [lā] /to pull/to play (string instruments)/to drag/to draw/

民乐 [mín yuè] /music, esp. folk music, for traditional instruments/

檠 [qíng] /instrument for straightening bows/

弹 [tán] /impeach/to pluck a string/to play (a stringed musical instrument with fingers)/

弹琴 [tán qín] /to play or strum a lute or other stringed instrument/

埙 [xūn] /ancient porcelain wind-instrument/

演奏 [yǎn zòu] /(v) play a musical instrument in a performance/

仪器 [yí qì] /(scientific, etc) instrument/

乐器 [yuè qì] /musical instrument/

It is not possible to determine whether both continents are moving in opposite directions or whether one continent is stationary and the other is drifting away from it. Hot spots, anchored in the deeper layers of the earth, provide the measuring instruments needed to resolve the question.
人们不能确定两个大陆是在朝相反的方向运动,还是一个大陆停止不动而另一个从它身边漂移开去。位于地球更深层的热点提供了解决该问题的测量仪器。

{adj: aboveground} on or above the surface of the ground
"aboveground nuclear testing"
"surface instruments for detecting oil deposits"
"surface transportation"

{adj: alto} (of a musical instrument) second highest member of a group
"alto clarinet or recorder"

{adj: antiseptic, sterilized, sterilised} made free from live bacteria or other microorganisms
"sterilized instruments"

{adj: aseptic, sterile} free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms
"a sterile operating area"
"aseptic surgical instruments"
"aseptic surgical techniques"

{adj: attuned, tuned} brought to correct pitch
"his tuned violin"
"the attuned instruments"

{adj: awkward, bunglesome, clumsy, ungainly} difficult to handle or manage especially because of shape
"an awkward bundle to carry"
"a load of bunglesome paraphernalia"
"clumsy wooden shoes"
"the cello, a rather ungainly instrument for a girl"

{adj: bifilar} having or using two filaments
"a bifilar suspension of a waving part of an instrument"

{adj: blunt} used of a knife or other blade; not sharp
"a blunt instrument"

{adj: bowed} of a stringed instrument; sounded by stroking with a bow
<-> plucked

{adj: brassy, brasslike} resembling the sound of a brass instrument

{adj: bronchoscopic} of or relating to an instrument for examining the interior of the bronchi

{adj: brutal, cruel} (of weapons or instruments) causing suffering and pain
"brutal instruments of torture"
"cruel weapons of war"

{adj: cutting, keen, knifelike, piercing, stabbing, lancinate, lancinating} as physically painful as if caused by a sharp instrument
"a cutting wind"
"keen winds"
"knifelike cold"
"piercing knifelike pains"
"piercing cold"
"piercing criticism"
"a stabbing pain"
"lancinating pain"

{adj: cut} separated into parts or laid open or penetrated with a sharp edge or instrument
"the cut surface was mottled"
"cut tobacco"
"blood from his cut forehead"
"bandages on her cut wrists"
<-> uncut

{adj: deadly, lethal} of an instrument of certain death
"deadly poisons"
"lethal weapon"
"a lethal injection"

{adj: delicate} of an instrument or device; capable of registering minute differences or changes precisely
"almost undetectable with even the most delicate instruments"

{adj: demonic, diabolic, diabolical, fiendish, hellish, infernal, satanic, unholy} extremely evil or cruel; expressive of cruelty or befitting hell
"something demonic in him--something that could be cruel"
"fires lit up a diabolic scene"
"diabolical sorcerers under the influence of devils"
"a fiendish despot"
"hellish torture"
"infernal instruments of war"
"satanic cruelty"
"unholy grimaces"

{adj: erratic, temperamental} likely to perform unpredictably
"erratic winds are the bane of a sailor"
"a temperamental motor; sometimes it would start and sometimes it wouldn't"
"that beautiful but temperamental instrument the flute"- Osbert Lancaster

{adj: first} highest in pitch or chief among parts or voices or instruments or orchestra sections
"first soprano"
"the first violin section"
"played first horn"
<-> second

{adj: gruff, hoarse, husky} deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or emotion
"gruff voices"
"the dog's gruff barking"
"hoarse cries"
"makes all the instruments sound powerful but husky"- Virgil Thomson

{adj: hewn, hand-hewn} cut or shaped with hard blows of a heavy cutting instrument like an ax or chisel
"a house built of hewn logs"
"rough-hewn stone"
"a path hewn through the underbrush"

{adj: incised} cut into with a sharp instrument

{adj: instrumental} relating to or designed for or performed on musical instruments
"instrumental compositions"
"an instrumental ensemble"
<-> vocal

{adj: keyed} fitted with or secured by a key
"a keyed instrument"
"the locks have not yet been keyed"
<-> keyless

{adj: mathematical} of or pertaining to or of the nature of mathematics
"a mathematical textbook"
"slide rules and other mathematical instruments"
"a mathematical solution to a problem"
"mathematical proof"

{adj: musical} characterized by or capable of producing music
"a musical evening"
"musical instruments"

{adj: naked} (of the eye or ear e.g.) without the aid of an optical or acoustical device or instrument
"visible to the naked eye"

{adj: percussive} involving percussion or featuring percussive instruments
"percussive music"

{adj: pizzicato} (of instruments in the violin family) to be plucked with the finger

{adj: plucked} of a stringed instrument; sounded with the fingers or a plectrum
<-> bowed

{adj: reedy, wheezy} having a tone of a reed instrument

{adj: second} a part or voice or instrument or orchestra section lower in pitch than or subordinate to the first
"second flute"
"the second violins"
<-> first

{adj: solo} composed or performed by a single voice or instrument
"a passage for solo clarinet"

{adj: surgical} of or relating to or involving or used in surgery
"surgical instruments"
"surgical intervention"
<-> nonsurgical

{adj: tenor} (of a musical instrument) intermediate between alto and baritone or bass
"a tenor sax"

{adj: unpromising} unlikely to bring about favorable results or enjoyment
"faced an unpromising task"
"music for unpromising combinations of instruments"

{adj: valved} (of brass instruments) having valves

{adv: fore, forward} near or toward the bow of a ship or cockpit of a plane
"the captain went fore (or forward) to check the instruments"
<-> aft

{n: Abney level} a surveying instrument consisting of a spirit level and a sighting tube; used to measure the angle of inclination of a line from the observer to the target

{n: American organ} a free-reed instrument in which air is drawn in through reeds by suction bellows

{n: English horn, cor anglais} a double-reed woodwind instrument similar to an oboe but lower in pitch

{n: French horn, horn} a brass musical instrument consisting of a conical tube that is coiled into a spiral and played by means of valves

{n: Hampton, Lionel Hampton} United States musician who was the first to use the vibraphone as a jazz instrument (born in 1913)

{n: IOU} an informal debt instrument; representing `I owe you'

{n: International Wanted Notice, Red Notice} an Interpol notice describing a wanted person and asking that he or she be arrested with a view to extradition; a wanted notice that is issued by Interpol at the request of an Interpol member country and distributed to all member countries
"an Interpol Red Notice is the closest instrument to an international arrest warrant in use today"

{n: Invar} an alloy of iron and nickel having a low coefficient of thermal expansion; used in tuning forks and measuring tapes and other instruments

{n: Kundt's tube} a measuring instrument used to measure the speed of sound

{n: Pitot tube, Pitot} measuring instrument consisting of a right-angled tube with an open end that is directed in opposition to the flow of a fluid and used to measure the velocity of fluid flow

{n: Pitot-static tube, Pitot head, Pitot tube} measuring instrument consisting of a combined Pitot tube and static tube that measures total and static pressure; used in aircraft to measure airspeed

{n: Sax, Adolphe Sax} a Belgian maker of musical instruments who invented the saxophone (1814-1894)

{n: Segovia, Andres Segovia} Spanish guitarist who made classical guitar a concert instrument (1893-1987)

{n: Treasury bond} a debt instrument with maturities of 10 years or longer

{n: ablative, ablative case} the case indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument or manner or place of the action described by the verb

{n: accelerator, particle accelerator, atom smasher} a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles

{n: accelerometer} an instrument for measuring the acceleration of aircraft or rockets

{n: accordion, piano accordion, squeeze box} a portable box-shaped free-reed instrument; the reeds are made to vibrate by air from the bellows controlled by the player

{n: actinometer} an instrument for measuring the intensity of electromagnetic radiation (usually by the photochemical effect)

{n: alidade, alidad} surveying instrument consisting of the upper movable part of a theodolite including the telescope and its attachments

{n: alidade, alidad} surveying instrument used with a plane table for drawing lines of sight on a distant object and for measuring angles

{n: altazimuth} an instrument that measures the altitude and azimuth of celestial bodies; used in navigation

{n: altimeter} an instrument that measures the height above ground; used in navigation

{n: alto} (of a musical instrument) the second highest instrument in a family of musical instruments

{n: analyzer, analyser} an instrument that performs analyses

{n: arranger, adapter, transcriber} a musician who adapts a composition for particular voices or instruments or for another style of performance

{n: artificial horizon, gyro horizon, flight indicator} a navigational instrument based on a gyroscope; it artificially provides a simulated horizon for the pilot

{n: assignment} the instrument by which a claim or right or interest or property is transferred from one person to another

{n: astatic coils} an arrangement of coils used in sensitive electrical instruments; the coils are arranged to give zero resultant external magnetic field when a current passes through them and to have zero electromotive force induced in them by an external magnetic field

{n: atmometer, evaporometer} an instrument that measures rate of evaporation of water

{n: audiometer, sonometer} an instrument used to measure the sensitivity of hearing

{n: autoclave, sterilizer, steriliser} a device for heating substances above their boiling point; used to manufacture chemicals or to sterilize surgical instruments

{n: autofocus} an optical device for focussing a camera or other instrument automatically

{n: bagpipe, pipe} a wind instrument; the player blows air into a bag and squeezes it out through the instrument

{n: balalaika} a stringed instrument that has triangular body and three strings

{n: ballistocardiograph, cardiograph} a medical instrument that measures the mechanical force of cardiac contractions and the amount of blood passing through the heart during a specified period by measuring the recoil of the body as blood is pumped from the ventricles

{n: banjo} a stringed instrument of the guitar family that has long neck and circular body

{n: baritone, baritone horn} the second lowest brass wind instrument

{n: barometer} an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

{n: barrel organ, grind organ, hand organ, hurdy gurdy, hurdy-gurdy, street organ} a musical instrument that makes music by rotation of a cylinder studded with pegs

{n: bass horn, sousaphone, tuba} the lowest brass wind instrument

{n: bassoon} a double-reed instrument; the tenor of the oboe family

{n: bass} the member with the lowest range of a family of musical instruments

{n: bathymeter, bathometer} an instrument that measures the depth of water

{n: beating-reed instrument, reed instrument, reed} a musical instrument that sounds by means of a vibrating reed

{n: bellows} a mechanical device that blows a strong current of air; used to make a fire burn more fiercely or to sound a musical instrument

{n: binoculars, field glasses, opera glasses} an optical instrument designed for simultaneous use by both eyes

{n: blind flying, blind landing} using only instruments for flying an aircraft because you cannot see through clouds or mists etc.

{n: bolometer} an instrument that measures heat radiation; extremely sensitive

{n: bones, castanets, clappers, finger cymbals, maraca} a percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hollow pieces of wood or bone (usually held between the thumb and fingers) that are made to click together (as by Spanish dancers) in rhythm with the dance

{n: boot, the boot, iron boot, iron heel} an instrument of torture that is used to heat or crush the foot and leg

{n: bowed stringed instrument, string} stringed instruments that are played with a bow
"the strings played superlatively well"

{n: bowing} managing the bow in playing a stringed instrument
"the violinist's bowing was excellent"

{n: bow} a slightly curved piece of resilient wood with taut horsehair strands, used in playing certain stringed instrument

{n: bow} a stroke with a curved piece of wood with taut horsehair strands that is used in playing stringed instruments

{n: boxwood, Turkish boxwood} very hard tough close-grained light yellow wood of the box (particularly the common box); used in delicate woodwork: musical instruments and inlays and engraving blocks

{n: brass band} a group of musicians playing only brass and percussion instruments

{n: brass family} (music) the family of brass instruments

{n: brass section, brass} the section of a band or orchestra that plays brass instruments

{n: brass, brass instrument} a wind instrument that consists of a brass tube (usually of variable length) that is blown by means of a cup-shaped or funnel-shaped mouthpiece

{n: bronchoscope} a slender tubular instrument used to examine the bronchial tubes

{n: bubble chamber} an instrument that records the tracks of ionizing particles

{n: bugle} a brass instrument without valves; used for military calls and fanfares

{n: bulb} a rounded part of a cylindrical instrument (usually at one end)
"the bulb of a syringe"

{n: burette, buret} measuring instrument consisting of a graduated glass tube with a tap at the bottom; used for titration

{n: cabinet, console} housing for electronic instruments, as radio or television

{n: calibration, standardization, standardisation} the act of checking or adjusting (by comparison with a standard) the accuracy of a measuring instrument
"the thermometer needed calibration"

{n: caliper, calliper} an instrument for measuring the distance between two points (often used in the plural)

{n: calliope, steam organ} a musical instrument consisting of a series of steam whistles played from a keyboard

{n: calorimeter} a measuring instrument that determines quantities of heat

{n: cangue} an instrument of punishment formerly used in China for petty criminals; consists of a heavy wooden collar enclosing the neck and arms

{n: cardiograph, electrocardiograph} medical instrument that records electric currents associated with contractions of the heart

{n: case} a portable container for carrying several objects
"the musicians left their instrument cases backstage"

{n: cash equivalent} a highly liquid debt instrument with maturities of less than three months

{n: cautery, cauterant} an instrument or substance used to destroy tissue for medical reasons (eg removal of a wart) by burning it with a hot iron or an electric current or a caustic or by freezing it

{n: celesta} a musical instrument consisting of graduated steel plates that are struck by hammers activated by a keyboard

{n: cello, violoncello} a large stringed instrument; seated player holds it upright while playing

{n: certificate of deposit, CD} a debt instrument issued by a bank; usually pays interest

{n: chime, bell, gong} a percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned bells that are struck with a hammer; used as an orchestral instrument

{n: choir, consort} a family of similar musical instrument playing together

{n: chordophone} a stringed instrument of the group including harps, lutes, lyres, and zithers

{n: chronoscope} an instrument for accurate measurements of small intervals of time

{n: cittern, cithern, cither, citole, gittern} a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings

{n: clarinet} a single-reed instrument with a straight tube

{n: clarion} a medieval brass instrument with a clear shrill tone

{n: clavichord} an early stringed instrument like a piano but with more delicate sound

{n: clavier, Klavier} a stringed instrument that has a keyboard

{n: clinometer, inclinometer} an instrument used by surveyors in order to measure an angle of inclination or elevation

{n: cocuswood, cocoswood, granadilla wood} wood of the granadilla tree used for making musical instruments especially clarinets

{n: codicil} a supplement to a will; a testamentary instrument intended to alter an already executed will

{n: colophony} translucent brittle substance produced from pine oleoresin; used especially in varnishes and inks and on the bows of stringed instruments

{n: colorimeter, tintometer} a measuring instrument used in colorimetric analysis to determine the quantity of a substance from the color it yields with specific reagents

{n: commercial document, commercial instrument} a document of or relating to commerce

{n: compass} drafting instrument used for drawing circles

{n: compass} navigational instrument for finding directions

{n: concert band, military band} a group of musicians playing brass and woodwind and percussion instruments

{n: concert pitch, philharmonic pitch, international pitch} the pitch used to tune instruments for concert performances; usually assigns 440 Hz to the A above middle C

{n: concertina} free-reed instrument played like an accordion by pushing its ends together to force air through the reeds

{n: concerto grosso} a baroque composition for orchestra and a group of solo instruments

{n: console} a scientific instrument consisting of displays and an input device that an operator can use to monitor and control a system (especially a computer system)

{n: contrabassoon, contrafagotto, double bassoon} the bassoon that is the largest instrument in the oboe family

{n: control panel, instrument panel, control board, board, panel} electrical device consisting of a flat insulated surface that contains switches and dials and meters for controlling other electrical devices
"he checked the instrument panel"
"suddenly the board lit up like a Christmas tree"

{n: cornet, horn, trumpet, trump} a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone; has a narrow tube and a flared bell and is played by means of valves

{n: counter tube} a measuring instrument for counting individual ionizing events

{n: country music, country and western, C and W} a simple style of folk music heard mostly in the southern United States; usually played on stringed instruments

{n: craniometer} an instrument for measuring skull sizes

{n: cross hair, cross wire} either of two fine mutually perpendicular lines that cross in the focus plane of an optical instrument and are use for sighting or calibration
"he had the target in his cross hairs"

{n: cryocautery} an instrument for destroying tissue by freezing it

{n: cryoscope} a measuring instrument for measuring freezing and melting points

{n: cucking stool, ducking stool} an instrument of punishment consisting of a chair in which offenders were ducked in water

{n: curette, curet} a surgical instrument shaped like a scoop to remove tissue from a bodily cavity

{n: cymbal} a percussion instrument consisting of a concave brass disk; makes a loud crashing sound when hit with a drumstick or when two are struck together

{n: dashboard} instrument panel on an automobile or airplane containing dials and controls

{n: debt instrument, certificate of indebtedness} a written promise to repay a debt

{n: declinometer, transit declinometer} an instrument for measuring magnetic declination

{n: deflection, deflexion} the movement of the pointer or pen of a measuring instrument from its zero position

{n: densimeter, densitometer} a measuring instrument for determining density or specific gravity

{n: densitometer} a measuring instrument for determining optical or photographic density

{n: depth finder} navigational instrument used to measure the depth of a body of water (as by ultrasound or radar)

{n: derivative instrument, derivative} a financial instrument whose value is based on another security

{n: dermatome} a surgical instrument used to cut very thin slices of skin

{n: design, designing} the act of working out the form of something (as by making a sketch or outline or plan)
"he contributed to the design of a new instrument"

{n: dialyzer, dialysis machine} a medical instrument for separating substances in solution by unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes

{n: dial} the circular graduated indicator on various measuring instruments

{n: diathermy machine} a medical instrument for local heating of bodily tissues for medical purposes

{n: dilator, dilater} a surgical instrument that is used to dilate or distend an opening or an organ

{n: divider} a drafting instrument resembling a compass that is used for dividing lines into equal segments or for transferring measurements

{n: dosemeter, dosimeter} a measuring instrument for measuring doses of ionizing radiation (X-rays or radioactivity)

{n: double-reed instrument, double reed} a woodwind that has a pair of joined reeds that vibrate together

{n: drafting instrument} an instrument used by a draftsman in making drawings

{n: drum, membranophone, tympan} a musical percussion instrument; usually consists of a hollow cylinder with a membrane stretched across each end

{n: dulcimer} a stringed instrument used in American folk music; an elliptical body and a fretted fingerboard and three strings

{n: dynamometer, ergometer} measuring instrument designed to measure power

{n: electric chair, chair, death chair, hot seat} an instrument of execution by electrocution; resembles an ordinary seat for one person
"the murderer was sentenced to die in the chair"

{n: electrodynamometer} measuring instrument that uses the interaction of the magnetic fields of two coils to measure current or voltage or power

{n: electroencephalograph} medical instrument that records electric currents generated by the brain

{n: electromyograph} a medical instrument that records the electrical waves associated with the activity of skeletal muscles

{n: electronic instrument} a musical instrument that generates sounds electronically

{n: electronics company} a company that makes and sells electronic instruments

{n: electroscope} measuring instrument that detects electric charge; two gold leaves diverge owing to repulsion of charges with like sign

{n: endoscope} a long slender medical instrument for examining the interior of a bodily organ or performing minor surgery

{n: equal temperament} the division of the scale based on an octave that is divided into twelve exactly equal semitones
"equal temperament is the system commonly used in keyboard instruments"

{n: esophagoscope, oesophagoscope} an optical instrument for examining the inside of the esophagus

{n: etude} a short composition for a solo instrument; intended as an exercise or to demonstrate technical virtuosity

{n: eudiometer} measuring instrument consisting of a graduated glass tube for measuring volume changes in chemical reactions between gases

{n: euphonium} a bass horn (brass wind instrument) that is the tenor of the tuba family

{n: execution, execution of instrument} (law) the completion of a legal instrument (such as a contract or deed) by signing it (and perhaps sealing and delivering it) so that it becomes legally binding and enforceable

{n: extractor} an instrument for extracting tight-fitting components

{n: eyepiece, ocular} combination of lenses at the viewing end of optical instruments

{n: fiberscope} a flexible medical instrument involving fiber optics that is used to examine internal organs

{n: field, field of view} the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument)

{n: finger hole} one of a series of holes in a woodwind instrument; pitch changes when a finger covers it

{n: fingerboard} a narrow strip of wood on the neck of some stringed instruments (violin or cello or guitar etc) where the strings are held against the wood with the fingers

{n: fingering} the placement of the fingers for playing different notes (or sequences of notes) on a musical instrument

{n: fixed intonation} the intonation of keyboard instruments where the pitch of each note is fixed and cannot be varied by the performer

{n: floater} a debt instrument with a variable interest rate tied to some other interest rate (e.g. the rate paid by T-bills)

{n: flourish, fanfare, tucket} (music) a short lively tune played on brass instruments
"he entered to a flourish of trumpets"
"her arrival was greeted with a rousing fanfare"

{n: flugelhorn, fluegelhorn} a brass instrument resembling a cornet but with a wider bore

{n: flute, transverse flute} a high-pitched woodwind instrument; a slender tube closed at one end with finger holes on one end and an opening near the closed end across which the breath is blown

{n: forgery} criminal falsification by making or altering an instrument with intent to defraud

{n: fraud in the factum} fraud that arises from a disparity between the instrument intended to be executed and the instrument actually executed; e.g., leading someone to sign the wrong contract

{n: fraud in the inducement} fraud which intentionally causes a person to execute and instrument or make an agreement or render a judgment; e.g., misleading someone about the true facts

{n: free-reed instrument} a wind instrument with a free reed

{n: fret} a small bar of metal across the fingerboard of a musical instrument; when the string is stopped by a finger at the metal bar it will produce a note of the desired pitch

{n: futures contract} an agreement to buy or sell a specific amount of a commodity or financial instrument at a particular price on a stipulated future date; the contract can be sold before the settlement date

{n: gallows} an instrument of execution consisting of a wooden frame from which a condemned person is executed by hanging

{n: gamelan} a traditional Indonesian ensemble typically including many tuned percussion instruments including bamboo xylophones and wooden or bronze chimes and gongs

{n: garrote, garotte, garrotte, iron collar} an instrument of execution for execution by strangulation

{n: gas chamber, death chamber} instrument of execution consisting of a sealed chamber into which poison gas is introduced; used to kill people or animals

{n: gauge, gage} a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of rain etc.

{n: glockenspiel, orchestral bells} a percussion instrument consisting of a set of graduated metal bars mounted on a frame and played with small hammers

{n: gong, tam-tam} a percussion instrument consisting of a metal plate that is struck with a softheaded drumstick

{n: graduate} a measuring instrument for measuring fluid volume; a glass container (cup or cylinder or flask) whose sides are marked with or divided into amounts

{n: granadilla wood} dark red hardwood derived from the cocobolo and used in making musical instruments e.g. clarinets

{n: gravimeter, gravity meter} a measuring instrument for measuring variations in the gravitational field of the earth

{n: guillotine} instrument of execution that consists of a weighted blade between two vertical poles; used for beheading people

{n: guitar} a stringed instrument usually having six strings; played by strumming or plucking

{n: harmonica, mouth organ, harp, mouth harp} a small rectangular free-reed instrument having a row of free reeds set back in air holes and played by blowing into the desired hole

{n: harmonium, organ, reed organ} a free-reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows

{n: heliometer} an instrument used to measure the angular separation of two stars that are too far apart to be included in the field of view of an ordinary telescope

{n: hematocrit, haematocrit} a measuring instrument to determine (usually by centrifugation) the relative amounts of corpuscles and plasma in the blood

{n: hemostat, haemostat} a surgical instrument that stops bleeding by clamping the blood vessel

{n: hodoscope} (physics) scientific instrument that traces the path of a charged particle

{n: hydrometer, gravimeter} a measuring instrument for determining the specific gravity of a liquid or solid

{n: hygrometer} measuring instrument for measuring the relative humidity of the atmosphere

{n: idiot light} a colored warning light on an instrument panel (as for low oil pressure)

{n: inclinometer, dip circle} a measuring instrument for measuring the angle of magnetic dip (as from an airplane)

{n: inclinometer} an instrument showing the angle that an aircraft makes with the horizon

{n: instrument flying} navigation of an airplane solely by instruments

{n: instrument landing} an aircraft landing made entirely by means of instruments

{n: instrument of execution} an instrument designed and used to take the life of a condemned person

{n: instrument of punishment} an instrument designed and used to punish a condemned person

{n: instrument of torture} an instrument of punishment designed and used to inflict torture on the condemned person

{n: instrument, pawn, cat's-paw} a person used by another to gain an end

{n: instrument, tool} the means whereby some act is accomplished
"my greed was the instrument of my destruction"
"science has given us new tools to fight disease"

{n: instrumental music} music intended to be performed by a musical instrument or group of instruments

{n: instrumental music} music produced by playing a musical instrument

{n: instrumental role, instrument} the semantic role of the entity (usually inanimate) that the agent uses to perform an action or start a process

{n: instrumentalism} a system of pragmatic philosophy that considers idea to be instruments that should guide our actions and their value is measured by their success

{n: instrumentation} the act of providing or using the instruments needed for some implementation

{n: instrumentation} the instruments called for in a musical score or arrangement for a band or orchestra

{n: instrument} a device that requires skill for proper use

{n: integrator, planimeter} a measuring instrument for measuring the area of an irregular plane figure

{n: interferometer} any measuring instrument that uses interference patterns to make accurate measurements of waves

{n: intonation} the production of musical tones (by voice or instrument); especially the exactitude of the pitch relations

{n: ionization chamber, ionization tube} a measuring instrument that measures the amount of ionizing radiation

{n: iron maiden} instrument of torture consisting of a hollow iron frame shaped like the human body and lined with spikes to impale the victim

{n: jew's harp, jews' harp, mouth bow} a small lyre-shaped musical instrument that is placed between the teeth and played by twanging a wire tongue while changing the shape of the mouth cavity

{n: jeweler's glass} an optical instrument used by jewelers; has one or more lenses and is used to view features not readily seen

{n: jug band} a musical group that uses jugs and washboards and kazoos and other improvised instruments

{n: kazoo} a toy wind instrument that has a membrane that makes a sound when you hum into the mouthpiece

{n: keratoscope} medical instrument to examine the cornea in order to detect irregularities in its anterior surface

{n: kettle, kettledrum, tympanum, tympani, timpani} a large hemispherical brass or copper percussion instrument with a drumhead that can be tuned by adjusting the tension on it

{n: keyboardist} a musician who plays a keyboard instrument

{n: kicksorter, pulse height analyzer} scientific instrument consisting of an electronic circuit that permits only voltage pulses of predetermined height to pass

{n: knife} edge tool used as a cutting instrument; has a pointed blade with a sharp edge and a handle

{n: koto} Japanese stringed instrument that resembles a zither; has a rectangular wooden sounding box and usually 13 silk strings that are plucked with the fingers

{n: kwela} a kind of danceable music popular among black South Africans; includes a whistle among its instruments

{n: kymograph, cymograph} scientific instrument consisting of a rotating drum holding paper on which a stylus traces a continuous record (as of breathing or blood pressure)

{n: laparoscopic cholecystectomy, lap choly} removal of the gall bladder through small punctures in the abdomen to permit the insertion of a laparoscope and surgical instruments

{n: laryngoscope} a medical instrument for examining the larynx

{n: legal document, legal instrument, official document, instrument} (law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right

{n: light microscope} microscope consisting of an optical instrument that magnifies the image of an object

{n: limb} the graduated arc that is attached to an instrument for measuring angles
"the limb of the sextant"

{n: log} measuring instrument that consists of a float that trails from a ship by a knotted line in order to measure the ship's speed through the water

{n: lute} chordophone consisting of a plucked instrument having a pear-shaped body, a usually bent neck, and a fretted fingerboard

{n: luthier} a craftsman who makes stringed instruments (as lutes or guitars or violins)

{n: magnetograph} a scientific instrument that registers magnetic variations (especially variations of the earth's magnetic field)

{n: magnifier} a scientific instrument that magnifies an image

{n: mallet} a light drumstick with a rounded head that is used to strike percussion instruments

{n: mandolin} a stringed instrument related to the lute, usually played with a plectrum

{n: marimba, xylophone} a percussion instrument with wooden bars tuned to produce a chromatic scale and with resonators; played with small mallets


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