英语学习词典
  

instruction

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instruction [ in'strʌkʃən] n.命令;教学;教训

instruction n. 说明,须知;教导

instruction [in'strʌkʃən] 指令

insurance instruction 投保通知

课外辅导 instruction after class

计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction ( CAI )

计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction ( CAI )

计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction ( CAI )

计算机辅助教学 CAI/Computer Assisted Instruction

作业指导书 job instruction

上开帐目, 现正核对, 如无错误, 将遵照贵公司的指示, 将转入新开的帐户内。
This account is under examination, and if found correct, it shall be carried to a new account, in conformity with your instructions.

遵照贵方指示,我们已于本日向田中公司开出见票后60日付款的面额200000元汇票一张,费用包括在内。
We have to acquaint you that, in accordance with your instructions, we have this day drawn upon Messrs, tanaka & Co., at 60d/s for $200,000, inclusive of charges.

delivery instruction
送货指令

departmental instruction
部门训令;内务训令

departmental standing instruction
部门常务训令

disposal instructions [records]
存废指示〔档案〕

drafting instruction
法律草拟指示

The lawyer will act on your instructions.
律师会按照您的吩咐行事。

We don’t get any specific instruction.
我们没得到任何明确的指示。

We'll pack the goods according to your instruction.
我们将按你方的要求进行包装。

Please use normal export containers unless you receive special instructions from our agents.
除非你们收到我方代理的特别指示,否则请用正常出口集装箱。

A How do I connect my laptop in my room?
A 我怎样在房间里连接笔记本电脑?
B Just connect your computer to the telephone point.
B 把你的电脑和电话接口连接起来就行。
A Do I need a special cable?
A 我需要一根特殊的线吗?
B Oh, sorry – yes, you do need a cable. You’ll find it in the drawer of your desk.
B 噢,对不起——是的,你需要一根线。在桌子的抽屉里你就能找到。
A OK. Thanks. I’ll try and connect. If there are any problems, I’ll get back to you.
A 好的。谢谢。我会尝试去连接。如果有问题的话, 我再回来问你。
B You’re welcome. You’ll also find instructions in your room.
B 不客气。你在房间里还能找到连接说明。

Instruction to the negotiation bank 议付行注意事项

We've informed the manufacturer to have them packed as per your instruction.
我们已经通知厂商按你们的要求包装。

指示表 instruction sheet

电脑辅助教材 [diàn nǎo fǔ zhù jiào cái] /computer-aided instruction/

吩 [fēn] /leave instructions/to order/

请示 [qǐng shì] /ask for instructions/

须知 [xū zhī] /(n) preliminary instructions; rules that must be known before starting sth/

训 [xùn] /example/pattern/to teach/to train/instruction/

训令 [xùn lìng] /order/instruction/

指令 [zhǐ lìng] /order/command/instruction/

指示 [zhǐ shì] /point out/(give) directives or instructions/

Recent court decisions have confirmed the right of all children — disabled or not — to an appropriate education, and have ordered that public schools take the necessary steps to provide that education.
最近的法庭裁决已再次确定了所有儿童——不论残疾与否——都有接受相适应的教育的权利,并已命令公立学校采取必要的措施来提供这种教育。
In response, schools are modifying their programs, adapting instruction to children who are exceptional, to those who cannot profit substantially from regular programs.
作为回应,学校也在调整课程安排,使授课能够适应特殊儿童,适应那些不能从常规课程中真正获益的儿童的需要。

{adj: according} (followed by `to') in agreement with or accordant with
"according to instructions"

{adj: adapted, altered} changed in order to improve or made more fit for a particular purpose
"seeds precisely adapted to the area"
"instructions altered to suit the children's different ages"

{adj: ambiguous} having more than one possible meaning
"ambiguous words"
"frustrated by ambiguous instructions, the parents were unable to assemble the toy"
<-> unambiguous

{adj: aphoristic, apothegmatic, epigrammatic} terse and witty and like a maxim
"much given to apothegmatic instruction"

{adj: confused, disconnected, disjointed, disordered, garbled, illogical, scattered, unconnected} lacking orderly continuity
"a confused set of instructions"
"a confused dream about the end of the world"
"disconnected fragments of a story"
"scattered thoughts"

{adj: de rigueur} required by etiquette or usage or fashion
"instruction as to when and where a silk hat is de rigueur"

{adj: disciplined} trained mentally or physically by instruction or exercise
"the beautiful coordination of his disciplined muscles"
"a disciplined mind"

{adj: docile, teachable} ready and willing to be taught
"docile pupils eager for instruction"
"teachable youngsters"

{adj: explicit, expressed} precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable; leaving nothing to implication
"explicit instructions"
"she made her wishes explicit"
"explicit sexual scenes"
<-> implicit

{adj: instructional} of or relating to or used in instruction
"instructional aids"

{adj: obedient} dutifully complying with the commands or instructions of those in authority
"an obedient soldier"
"obedient children"
"a little man obedient to his wife"
"the obedient colonies...are heavily taxed; the refractory remain unburdened"- Edmund Burke
<-> disobedient

{adj: one-on-one} directly between two individuals
"one-on-one instruction"

{adj: self-educated} educated by your own efforts rather than by formal instruction

{adj: straightforward} free from ambiguity
"a straightforward set of instructions"

{adj: undenominational} not bound to devoted to the promotion of a particular denomination
"undenominational religious instruction"

{adj: uninstructed, unenlightened, naive} lacking information or instruction
"lamentably unenlightened as to the laws"

{adv: questioningly, wonderingly} in a curious and questioning manner
"they turned their heads questioningly, as if awaiting further instructions"

{n: BASIC} a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use

{n: French lesson} instruction in the French language

{n: German lesson} instruction in the German language

{n: Hebrew lesson} instruction in the Hebrew language

{n: MIPS, million instructions per second} (computer science) a unit for measuring the execution speed of a computer's CPU (but not the whole system)
"4 MIPS is 4,000,000 instructions per second"

{n: Masorah, Masora} a vast body of textual criticism of the Hebrew Scriptures including notes on features of writing and on the occurrence of certain words and on variant sources and instructions for pronunciation and other comments that were written between AD 600 and 900 by Jewish scribes in the margins or at the end of texts

{n: Pandora's box} (Greek mythology) a box that Zeus gave to Pandora with instructions that she not open it; she gave in to her curiosity and opened it; all the miseries and evils flew out to afflict mankind

{n: Sunday school, Sabbath school} school meeting on Sundays for religious instruction

{n: above} an earlier section of a written text
"for instructions refer to the above"

{n: allocation, storage allocation} (computer science) the assignment of particular areas of a magnetic disk to particular data or instructions

{n: application, application program, applications programme} a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task
"he has tried several different word processing applications"

{n: baseball clinic} a meeting at which baseball players receive special evaluation and instruction
"a summer baseball clinic for promising young players"

{n: basketball clinic} a meeting at which basketball players receive special evaluation and instruction

{n: briefing} detailed instructions, as for a military operation

{n: call} an instruction that interrupts the program being executed
"Pascal performs calls by simply giving the name of the routine to be executed"

{n: catechesis} oral religious instruction (as before baptism or confirmation)

{n: catechetical instruction} teaching religious principles by questions and answers

{n: clinic} meeting for diagnosis of problems and instruction or remedial work in a particular activity

{n: coach, private instructor, tutor} a person who gives private instruction (as in singing or acting)

{n: code, computer code} (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions

{n: command, bid, bidding, dictation} an authoritative direction or instruction to do something

{n: compiler, compiling program} (computer science) a program that decodes instructions written in a higher order language and produces an assembly language program

{n: complex instruction set computing, complex instruction set computer, CISC} (computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a large number of instructions hard coded into the CPU chip
<-> RISC, reduced instruction set computer, reduced instruction set computing

{n: continuing education} a program of instruction designed primarily for adult students who participate part-time

{n: course, course of study, course of instruction, class} education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings
"he took a course in basket weaving"
"flirting is not unknown in college classes"

{n: day school} a school giving instruction during the daytime
<-> night school

{n: direction, instruction} a message describing how something is to be done
"he gave directions faster than she could follow them"

{n: education, instruction, teaching, pedagogy, didactics, educational activity} the activities of educating or instructing; activities that impart knowledge or skill
"he received no formal education"
"our instruction was carefully programmed"
"good classroom teaching is seldom rewarded"

{n: education} knowledge acquired by learning and instruction
"it was clear that he had a very broad education"

{n: execution speed} (computer science) the speed with which a computational device can execute instructions; measured in MIPS

{n: execution, instruction execution} (computer science) the process of carrying out an instruction by a computer

{n: firmware, microcode} (computer science) coded instructions that are stored permanently in read-only memory

{n: foundation, grounding} education or instruction in the fundamentals of a field of knowledge
"he lacks the foundation necessary for advanced study"
"a good grounding in mathematics"

{n: function call} a call that passes control to a subroutine; after the subroutine is executed control returns to the next instruction in main program

{n: guidebook, guide} something that offers basic information or instruction

{n: hockey clinic} a meeting at which hockey players receive special evaluation and instruction

{n: hornbook} a primer that provides instruction in the rudiments or basic skills of a branch of knowledge

{n: inculcation, ingraining, instilling} teaching or impressing upon the mind by frequent instruction or repetition

{n: information} knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction

{n: instruction book} a book of directions for using or operating some piece of equipment

{n: instruction manual, instructions, book of instructions, operating instructions} a manual usually accompanying a technical device and explaining how to install or operate it

{n: instruction, command, statement, program line} (computer science) a line of code written as part of a computer program

{n: iteration, looping} (computer science) executing the same set of instructions a given number of times or until a specified result is obtained
"the solution is obtained by iteration"

{n: iteration, loop} (computer science) a single execution of a set of instructions that are to be repeated
"the solution took hundreds of iterations"

{n: language lesson} a period of instruction learning a language

{n: lesson} a unit of instruction
"he took driving lessons"

{n: letter} a strictly literal interpretation (as distinct from the intention)
"he followed instructions to the letter"
"he obeyed the letter of the law"

{n: link} (computing) an instruction that connects one part of a program or an element on a list to another program or list

{n: logic bomb, slag code} a delayed action computer virus; a set of instructions surreptitiously inserted into a program that are designed to execute (or `explode') if a particular condition is satisfied; when exploded it may delete or corrupt data, or print a spurious message, or have other harmful effects
"a disgruntled employee planted a logic bomb"

{n: loop} a computer program that performs a series of instructions repeatedly until some specified condition is satisfied

{n: machine code, machine language} a set of instructions coded so that the computer can use it directly without further translation

{n: macro, macro instruction} a single computer instruction that results in a series of instructions in machine language

{n: mandate, authorization, authorisation} a document giving an official instruction or command

{n: markup} detailed stylistic instructions for typesetting something that is to be printed; manual markup is usually written on the copy (e.g. underlining words that are to be set in italics)

{n: means, agency, way} how a result is obtained or an end is achieved
"a means of control"
"an example is the best agency of instruction"
"the true way to success"

{n: misdirection} incorrect directions or instructions

{n: note, annotation, notation} a comment or instruction (usually added)
"his notes were appended at the end of the article"
"he added a short notation to the address on the envelope"

{n: operation} (computer science) data processing in which the result is completely specified by a rule (especially the processing that results from a single instruction)
"it can perform millions of operations per second"

{n: polytechnic institute, polytechnic, engineering school} a technical school offering instruction in many industrial arts and applied sciences

{n: prescription drug, prescription, prescription medicine, ethical drug} a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist
"he told the doctor that he had been taking his prescription regularly"
<-> over-the-counter drug, over-the-counter medicine

{n: prescription} written instructions for an optician on the lenses for a given person

{n: prescription} written instructions from a physician or dentist to a druggist concerning the form and dosage of a drug to be issued to a given patient

{n: program, programme, computer program, computer programme} (computer science) a sequence of instructions that a computer can interpret and execute
"the program required several hundred lines of code"

{n: programming, programing, computer programming, computer programing} creating a sequence of instructions to enable the computer to do something

{n: reduced instruction set computing, reduced instruction set computer, RISC} (computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a relatively small set of computer instructions that it can perform
<-> CISC, complex instruction set computer, complex instruction set computing

{n: school, schooltime, school day} the period of instruction in a school; the time period when schools is in session
"stay after school"
"he didn't miss a single day of school"
"when the school day was done we would walk home together"

{n: semitrance} a trancelike state in which the person can follow instructions but voluntary action is weak or absent

{n: set, readiness} (psychology) being temporarily ready to respond in a particular way
"the subjects' set led them to solve problems the familiar way and to overlook the simpler solution"
"his instructions deliberately gave them the wrong set"

{n: sex manual} a manual containing instruction in sexual techniques; intended to enhance the reader's sexual life

{n: shop class, shop} a course of instruction in a trade (as carpentry or electricity)
"I built a birdhouse in shop"

{n: sideshow} a subordinate incident of little importance relative to the main event
"instruction is not an educational sideshow"

{n: source code} program instructions written as an ASCII text file; must be translated by a compiler or interpreter or assembler into the object code for a particular computer before execution

{n: stage direction} an instruction written as part of the script of a play

{n: system call, supervisor call instruction} an instruction that interrupts the program being executed and passes control to the supervisor

{n: system command} a computer user's instruction (not part of a program) that calls for action by the computer's executive program

{n: system error} an instruction that is either not recognized by an operating system or is in violation of the procedural rules

{n: teaching method, pedagogics, pedagogy} the principles and methods of instruction

{n: teaching, instruction, pedagogy} the profession of a teacher
"he prepared for teaching while still in college"
"pedagogy is recognized as an important profession"

{n: text file, document} (computer science) a computer file that contains text (and possibly formatting instructions) using seven-bit ASCII characters

{n: toggle} any instruction that works first one way and then the other; it turns something on the first time it is used and then turns it off the next time

{n: trace program} a utility program that exhibits the sequence and results of executing the instructions in another program

{n: tuition, tuition fee} a fee paid for instruction (especially for higher education)
"tuition and room and board were more than $25,000"

{v: capacitate} make capable
"This instruction capacitates us to understand the problem"

{v: catechize, catechise} give religious instructions to

{v: clear} rid of instructions or data
"clear a memory buffer"

{v: comply, follow, abide by} act in accordance with someone's rules, commands, or wishes
"He complied with my instructions"
"You must comply or else!"
"Follow these simple rules"
"abide by the rules"

{v: discipline, train, check, condition} train by instruction and practice ; especially to teach self-control
"Parents must discipline their children"
"Is this dog trained?"

{v: hold on, stop} stop and wait, as if awaiting further instructions or developments
"Hold on a moment!"

{v: instruct} give instructions or directions for some task
"She instructed the students to work on their pronounciation"

{v: order, tell, enjoin, say} give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority
"I said to him to go home"
"She ordered him to do the shopping"
"The mother told the child to get dressed"

{v: oversimplify} make too simple
"Don't oversimplify the instructions"

{v: process} perform mathematical and logical operations on (data) according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the required information
"The results of the elections were still being processed when he gave his acceptance speech"

{v: rerun} cause to perform again
"We have to rerun the subjects--they misunderstood the instructions"

{v: run, execute} carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine
"Run the dishwasher"
"run a new program on the Mac"
"the computer executed the instruction"

{v: simplify} make simpler or easier or reduce in complxity or extent
"We had to simplify the instructions"
"this move will simplify our lives"
<-> complicate

{v: train, prepare} undergo training or instruction in preparation for a particular role, function, or profession
"She is training to be a teacher"
"He trained as a legal aid"

{v: translate} express, as in simple and less technical langauge
"Can you translate the instructions in this manual for a layman?"
"Is there a need to translate the psychiatrist's remarks?"

{v: tutor} be a tutor to someone ; give individual instruction
"She tutored me in Spanish"

{v: write} record data on a computer
"boot-up instructions are written on the hard disk"

After I donned my Red Baron gear, Roger took me through pre-flight instructions, down the runway and up into air.
我穿上第一次世界大战时的飞行服,罗杰领我过了一遍飞行前的指示,顺着跑道,升向天空。

Why not dedicate the time to physical instruction?
为什么不把这一时间用在体育训练上?

This is unusual, since the vast majority of California's elementary students receive PE instruction from classroom teachers who are not PE specialists, says Don Morris, a professor of kinesiology and health promotion at California State University in Pomona.
波莫纳的加利福尼亚州立大学运动学和健康促进教授唐·莫里斯说,这非同寻常,因为大多数加利福尼亚的小学生是由非体育专家的任课教师授课的。

For a tiny 144 x 176 pixelsized mobile screen you need 51Kbps of bandwidth and 273mips( millions of instructions per second) of processing power.
对于能够显示 144X176像素的移动电话显示屏而言,你需要 51Kbps 的带宽和 273mips百万条指令秒 ) 的处理能力。

When certain viruses infect animals or people they copy their viral genetic instructions into the host's DNA:
当这些病毒侵入动物体或人体后,它们会将病毒的遗传指令复制进入宿主的脱氧核糖核酸( DNA )中:
the purpose is to hijack the victim's body and direct it to produce more copies of the infectious virus.
目的是侵占受害者的身体并引导它产生更多传染性病毒的副本。

All it takes is for the original virus to have copied its instructions into the DNA of a sperm or an egg cell.
它所做的一切就源自最初的病毒将其遗传指令复制到一个精子或一个卵子的 DNA 中。

In fact something like one per cent of our DNA is made up of such viral instructions.
实际上,在我们的 DNA 中,大概有 1%是由这样的病毒遗传指令组成的。

Much of DNA simply constitutes on and off switches for regulating the activity of genes.
大量的 DNA 只是构成了调节基因活动的开关。
It's like you have a 100-page book, and 95 of the pages are instructions and advice for reading the other five pages.
这就像你有一本 100页的书,其中 95页是关于如何阅读另外 5页的指示和建议。

Agich cited a 1993 French study that showed how the accuracy of a trustworthy home pregnancy test can plummet in the " real world " of bathrooms, anxious teenagers and misunderstood instructions.
阿吉奇引证了 1993年法国的一项研究,该研究表明了一种可靠的家庭妊娠测试的精确性如何在洗澡间里、在焦虑不安的青少年妊娠者身上和误解指令这样的 "真实环境 "中大打折扣。

The firm's site at www.DNAnow.com gives instructions, the chance to consult a DNA expert online, and details of its services.
该公司的网址是 www.DNAnow.com ,它能给你提供指导,并提供机会让你在网上咨询 DNA 专家,你还可了解该公司服务的详细资料。

Shockwave.com has signed up such big names as Tim Burton, David Lynch and South Park creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone to develop short Web movies. Austin, Texas-based Human Code is researching ways to make customized online guitar instruction possible with an electric guitar hooked to your computer.
Shockwave.com 与许多名家签约,如蒂姆·伯顿、戴维·林奇、《南方公园》的制作人特雷·帕克和马特·斯通,他们致力于制作网上短片。德克萨斯州奥斯汀的人类密码公司正在研究如何在网上提供定制的吉他课程:将一把电子吉他挂在你的电脑上。

Junior-high students underwent 420 hours of science instruction annually in 1970. 1970年,初高中学生每年上 420学时的理科课程。

High-school students in Japan receive about half the science instruction their British counterparts get.
日本高中学生所受的理科教育大约是英国学生的一半。

Each day they would leave notes in a box for each actor. The notes gave general instructions - clues, really - on what to do.
他们每天都会为每位演员下一步怎么做提一些指导性建议,实际就是线索。他们把这些建议写成纸条,放在一个盒子中。

Read the instruction manual?
阅读说明书?

The earphone is powered by a 2032 battery.
Please open the battery pack cover according to
the instruction on it and well install according
to the polar marks of“+” and “-”.
本耳机使用一颗2032 电池供电,按电池盒盖上的指示
打开电池盒盖,然后按“+”、“-”极装好电池。

Waybill
A document giving details and instructions relating to a shipment of goods.
运货单
关于货物运输详细情况和要求的说明文件。

Irrevocable Letter of Credit
Method of payment most commonly used for imports. The exporter is assured payment when they ship the goods, and the importer is assured that the goods have been dispatched according to their instructions.
不可撤销信用证
进口最常用的付款方式。这种方式能确保进出口双方的利益,确保出口商发货后能收到货款,也可以确保进口商货已按要求发出。

Opener 开证人
(1)applicant 开证人(申请开证人)
(2)principal 开证人(委托开证人)
(3)accountee 开证人
(4)accreditor 开证人(委托开证人)
(5)opener 开证人
(6)for account of Messrs 付(某人)帐
(7)at the request of Messrs 应(某人)请求
(8)on behalf of Messrs 代表某人
(9)by order of Messrs 奉(某人)之命
(10)by order of and for account of Messrs 奉(某人)之命并付其帐户
(11)at the request of and for account of Messrs 应(某人)得要求并付其帐户
(12)in accordance with instruction received from accreditors 根据已收到得委托开证人得指示

spsc-24141704
Printed inserts or instructions
印刷附件和说明书

spsc-55101516
Operation or instruction manuals
操作和说明手册

spsc-55101520
Instruction sheets or booklets
说明图表和小册子

spsc-60105617
Cooking skills instruction instructional materials
烹饪技能指导材料

spsc-82111501
Instruction writing services
说明书写作

spsc-82121511
Technical manual or instruction sheet printing
技术手册和指示卡印刷

spsc-86111701
Conversational foreign language instruction
外语会话指导

spsc-86111702
Foreign language immersion instruction
外国语入门教育

spsc-86141703
Computer programmed instruction
计算机程序指令

7.
Use of the Alphabetical Index in coding neoplasms
In addition to site, morphology and behaviour must also be taken into consideration when
coding neoplasms, and reference should always be made first to the Alphabetical Index
entry for the morphological description.
The introductory pages of Volume 3 include general instructions about the correct use of
the Alphabetical Index. The specific instructions and examples pertaining to neoplasms
should be consulted to ensure correct use of the categories and subcategories in Chapter
Ⅱ.
利用字母的索引来登录肿瘤
除了部位外 , 当登录肿瘤时 , 形态和其肿瘤行为也
必须加以考虑 , 当归类肿瘤时 , 首先必须参考字母
索引的形态描述。
第叁册的前言包含正确使用字母索引的一般指引 ,
关於肿瘤的特殊指引必需查看以确定正确使用第二
章的类别及次类别。    

Classification and coding instructions for transport
accidents
运输事故的分类与代码之制定

制造说明 manufacturing instructions

包装说明 packing instruction

交货说明 delivery instructions

操作说明 operating instructions

交货说明请求 request for delivery instructions

装运说明 shipping instructions

托运人说明书(空运) shipper's letter of instructions(air)

银行转帐指示 instructions for bank transfer

货运说明 forwarding instructions

instruction 指示;训令

instruction 指令

instruction level language 指令级语言

macro instruction 宏指令

FFI FIATA Forwarding Instructions FIATA运送指示

SLI shippers letter of instruction 托运人说明书

装运须知 Shipping instructions


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