英语学习词典
  

illness

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illness [ 'ilnis] n.病,疾病

die of illness 病死

illness ['ilnis] n. 疾病

insurance during a period of illness 疾病保险

Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills. They may become more solitary and even suffer from certain mental illness.
而且,由于要额外地学习,孩子们没有多少时间和同龄的孩子玩耍和交流,很难培养他们的个性和交际能力。他们可能变得孤僻甚至产生某些心理疾病。

He has reached a crisis in his illness.
他的病情已十分危急。

Bad food is a source of illness.
变质的食物是得病的原因。

His illness accounted for his not being here yesterday.
他的病是他昨天缺席的原因。

She faked illness so that she did not have to go to school.
她假装生病,这样她就不用上学了。

The child's illness resulted from eating unclean food.
他那孩子的病是由于吃了不洁净的食物。

With illness, her strength drained away.
她生病了,身体很虚弱。

He made no reference to his illness till after the lesson.
他到下课后才提到他生病了。

In spite of the chairman's illness, the meeting will go ahead as planned.
尽管主席生病了,但会议仍照计划继续进行。

His illness accounts for his absence.
他因为生病,所以才缺席。

What caused his illness?
是什么使他生病?

His illness was more serious than the doctor first thought.
他的病较医生原来以为的更严重。

Unhappiness is the root cause of his illness.
不开心是他生病的根源。

你站在我的立场上想想。
Put yourself in my shoes. *直译是“把你的脚放到我的鞋里试试?”,即“你站到我的立场上考虑考虑。”
We will not take your illness into consideration. (我们没考虑到你生病。)
Put yourself in my shoes. (你们该为我想想。)
Try to see it from my point of view.
Try to see it my way.

People who cannot find time for recreation are obliged sooner or later to find time for illness.
John Wanamaker,American merchant
腾不出时间娱乐的人,早晚会被迫腾出时间生病。
美国商人霍梅克.J.

The future is just old age and illness and pain …I must have peace and health. This is the only way.
James Whale, American director
未来不过是年事已高、疾病和痛苦……我一定要拥有平和与健康,这是唯一的路。
美国电影导演威尔J

"Major medical" insurance policies are designed to help offset heavy medical expenses that can result from a prolonged illness or serious injury.
“巨额医药费保险”旨在协助减轻久病及重伤所造成的重大医药开支。

疾病 malady; disease; ill; illness; infirmity; sickness; ailment

毛病 shortcoming; fault; illness; trouble; defect

生病 illness; sicken; ail

暴病 [bào bìng] /sudden attack of a serious illness/

暴卒 [bào zú] /die of sudden illness/die suddenly/

辩证施治 [biàn zhèng shī zhì] /diagnosis and treatment based on an overall analysis of the illness and the patient's condition/

表证 [biǎo zhèng] /illness that has not attacked the vital organs of the human body/

病 [bìng] /ailment/sickness/illness/disease/fall ill/sick/defect/

病从口入 [bìng cóng kǒu rù] /illness finds its way in by the mouth/

病倒 [bìng dǎo] /be down with an illness/be laid up/

病根 [bìng gēn] /an incompletely cured illness/an old complaint/the root cause of trouble/

病故 [bìng gù] /die of an illness/

病机 [bìng jī] /interpretation of the cause/onset and process of an illness/pathogenesis/

病况 [bìng kuàng] /state of an illness/patient's condition/

病例 [bìng lì] /[medical] case [of illness]/

病魔 [bìng mó] /serious illness/

病情 [bìng qíng] /state of an illness/patient's condition/

病势 [bìng shì] /degree of seriousness of an illness/patient's condition/

病痛 [bìng tòng] /slight illness/indisposition/ailment/

病愈 [bìng yù] /recover (from an illness)/

病症 [bìng zhèng] /disease/illness/

笃 [dǔ] /serious (illness)/sincere/true/

发烧 [fā shāo] /have a high temperature (from illness)/have a fever/

患 [huàn] /misfortune/suffer (from illness)/trouble/danger/worry/to contract (a disease)/

痪 [huàn] /illness/numbness of the limbs/

精神疾病 [jīng shén jí bìng] /mental illness/

痊 [quán] /recover (from illness)/

胃病 [wèi bìng] /stomach trouble/stomach illness/

症 [zhèng] /disease/illness/

症状 [zhèng zhuàng] /symptom (of an illness)/

治病 [zhì bìng] /treat an illness/

{adj: acute} having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course
"acute appendicitis"
"the acute phase of the illness"
"acute patients"
<-> chronic

{adj: advanced} comparatively late in a course of development
"the illness had reached an advanced stage"
"an advanced state of exhaustion"

{adj: ailing, indisposed, peaked, poorly, sickly, unwell, under the weather, seedy} somewhat ill or prone to illness
"my poor ailing grandmother"
"feeling a bit indisposed today"
"you look a little peaked"
"feeling poorly"
"a sickly child"
"is unwell and can't come to work"

{adj: aphonic, voiceless} being without sound through injury or illness and thus incapable of all but whispered speech

{adj: ashen, blanched, bloodless, livid, white} anemic looking from illness or emotion
"a face turned ashen"
"the invalid's blanched cheeks"
"tried to speak with bloodless lips"
"a face livid with shock"
"lips...livid with the hue of death"- Mary W. Shelley
"lips white with terror"
"a face white with rage"

{adj: asymptomatic, symptomless} having no symptoms of illness or disease

{adj: bedfast, bedridden, bedrid, sick-abed} confined to bed (by illness)

{adj: bipolar} of or relating to manic depressive illness

{adj: bodily, corporal, corporeal, somatic} affecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit
"bodily needs"
"a corporal defect"
"corporeal suffering"
"a somatic symptom or somatic illness"

{adj: catastrophic, ruinous} extremely harmful; bringing physical or financial ruin
"a catastrophic depression"
"catastrophic illness"
"a ruinous course of action"

{adj: continuous, uninterrupted} continuing in time or space without interruption
"a continuous rearrangement of electrons in the solar atoms results in the emission of light"- James Jeans
"a continuous bout of illness lasting six months"
"lived in continuous fear"
"a continuous row of warehouses"
"a continuous line has no gaps or breaks in it"
"moving midweek holidays to the nearest Monday or Friday allows uninterrupted work weeks"
<-> discontinuous

{adj: convalescent, recovering} returning to health after illness or debility
"convalescent children are difficult to keep in bed"

{adj: critical} being in or verging on a state of crisis or emergency
"a critical shortage of food"
"a critical illness"
"an illness at the critical stage"
<-> noncritical

{adj: cured, healed, recovered} freed from illness or injury
"the patient appears cured"
"the incision is healed"
"appears to be entirely recovered"
"when the recovered patient tries to remember what occurred during his delirium"- Normon Cameron

{adj: dangerous, grave, grievous, serious, severe, life-threatening} causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm
"a dangerous operation"
"a grave situation"
"a grave illness"
"grievous bodily harm"
"a serious wound"
"a serious turn of events"
"a severe case of pneumonia"
"a life-threatening disease"

{adj: deadly, deathly, mortal} causing or capable of causing death
"a fatal accident"
"a deadly enemy"
"mortal combat"
"a mortal illness"

{adj: degenerative} (of illness) marked by gradual deterioration of organs and cells along with loss of function
"degenerative diseases of old age"

{adj: desperate, dire} fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless
"a desperate illness"
"on all fronts the Allies were in a desperate situation due to lack of materiel"- G.C.Marshall
"a dire emergency"

{adj: disabled, handicapped} markedly unable to function as a consequence of injury or illness

{adj: gruff, hoarse, husky} deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or emotion
"gruff voices"
"the dog's gruff barking"
"hoarse cries"
"makes all the instruments sound powerful but husky"- Virgil Thomson

{adj: homebound, housebound, shut-in} confined usually by illness

{adj: inactive} not active physically or mentally
"illness forced him to live an inactive life"
"dreamy and inactive by nature"
<-> active

{adj: laid low, stricken} put out of action (by illness)

{adj: major} of greater seriousness or danger
"a major earthquake"
"a major hurricane"
"a major illness"
<-> minor

{adj: maniclike} resembling the mania of manic-depressive illness

{adj: mentally ill, unsound, unstable} suffering from severe mental illness
"of unsound mind"

{adj: mental} affected by a disorder of the mind
"a mental patient"
"mental illness"

{adj: premature, untimely} uncommonly early or before the expected time
"illness led to his premature death"
"alcohol brought him to an untimely end"

{adj: prolonged} (of illness) developing slowly or of long duration

{adj: psychosomatic} used of illness or symptoms resulting from neurosis

{adj: ravaging} ruinously destructive and wasting
"a ravaging illness"

{adj: real, existent} being or occurring in fact or actuality; having verified existence; not illusory
"real objects"
"real people; not ghosts"
"a film based on real life"
"a real illness"
"real humility"
"Life is real! Life is earnest!"- Longfellow
<-> unreal

{adj: sedentary} requiring sitting or little activity
"forced by illness to lead a sedentary life"

{adj: shriveled, shrivelled, shrunken, withered, wizen, wizened} lean and wrinkled by shrinkage as from age or illness
"the old woman's shriveled skin"
"he looked shriveled and ill"
"a shrunken old man"
"a lanky scarecrow of a man with withered face and lantern jaws"-W.F.Starkie
"he did well despite his withered arm"
"a wizened little man with frizzy grey hair"

{adj: wan} lacking vitality as from weariness or illness or unhappiness
"a wan smile"

{adj: well} in good health especially after having suffered illness or injury
"appears to be entirely well"
"the wound is nearly well"
"a well man"
"I think I'm well; at least I feel well"
<-> ill

{n: Gulf War syndrome, Persian Gulf illness} a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War; characterized by fatigue and headache and dizziness and nausea and rashes and joint pain and respiratory disorders

{n: Marburg disease, Marburg hemorrhagic fever, green monkey disease} a viral disease of green monkeys caused by the Marburg virus; when transmitted to humans it causes serious or fatal illness

{n: Munchausen's syndrome, Munchausen syndrome} syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found

{n: Paracelsus, Philippus Aureolus Paracelsus, Theophrastus Philippus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim} Swiss physician who introduced treatments of particular illnesses based on his observation and experience; he saw illness as having an external cause (rather than an imbalance of humors) and replaced traditional remedies with chemical remedies (1493-1541)

{n: adynamia} lack of strength or vigor (especially from illness)

{n: alienism} an obsolete term for the study and treatment of mental illness

{n: alienist} a psychiatrist and specialist in the legal aspects of mental illness

{n: bipolar disorder, manic depression, manic depressive illness, manic-depressive psychosis} a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression

{n: birth trauma} emotional injury inflicted on an infant by events incident to birth that is alleged to appear in symbolic form in patients with mental illness

{n: bout} a period of illness
"a bout of fever"
"a bout of depression"

{n: care} a cause for feeling concern
"his major care was the illness of his wife"

{n: catastrophic illness} severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization or recovery; usually involves high costs for hospitals and doctors and medicines

{n: catching, contracting} becoming infected
"catching cold is sometimes unavoidable"
"the contracting of a serious illness can be financially catastrophic"

{n: chemotherapy} the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease (or mental illness)

{n: convalescent} a person who is recovering from illness

{n: effect} a symptom caused by an illness or a drug
"the effects of sleep loss"
"the effect of the anesthetic"

{n: emergency medicine} the branch of medicine concerned with the prompt diagnosis and treatment of injuries or trauma or sudden illness

{n: encopresis} involuntary defecation not attributable to physical defects or illness

{n: euthanasia, mercy killing} the act of killing someone painlessly (especially someone suffering from an incurable illness)

{n: extended care facility} a medical institution that provides prolonged care (as in cases of prolonged illness or rehabilitation from acute illness)

{n: food poisoning, gastrointestinal disorder} illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food

{n: general practitioner, GP} a physician who is not a specialist but treats all illnesses

{n: health professional, health care provider, caregiver} a person who helps in identifying or preventing or treating illness or disability

{n: health, wellness} a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
"physicians should be held responsible for the health of their patients"
<-> illness, unwellness

{n: healthcare, health care} the preservation of mental and physical health by preventing or treating illness through services offered by the health profession

{n: hemorrhagic fever, haemorrhagic fever, viral hemorrhagic fever, viral haemorrhagic fever, VHF} a group of illnesses caused by a viral infection (usually restricted to a specific geographic area); fever and gastrointestinal symptoms are followed by capillary hemorrhage

{n: hygiene, hygienics} the science concerned with the prevention of illness and maintenance of health

{n: illness, unwellness, malady, sickness} impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
<-> wellness

{n: indisposition} a slight illness

{n: invalid, shut-in} someone who is incapacitated by a chronic illness or injury

{n: jactitation, jactation} (pathology) extremely restless tossing and twitching usually by a person with a severe illness

{n: living will} a document written by someone still legally capable requesting that they should be allowed to die if subsequently severely disabled or suffering terminal illness
"after he discovered he had AIDS he drew up a living will"

{n: malingerer, skulker, shammer} someone shirking their duty by feigning illness or incapacity

{n: manic-depressive} a person afflicted with manic-depressive illness

{n: medical care, medical aid} professional treatment for illness or injury

{n: mental disorder, mental disturbance, disturbance, psychological disorder, folie} (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness

{n: mental health} the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment
<-> mental illness

{n: mental illness, mental disease, psychopathy} any disease of the mind; the psychological state of someone who has emotional or behavioral problems serious enough to require psychiatric intervention
<-> mental health

{n: occupational hazard} any condition of a job that can result in illness or injury

{n: ozone sickness} illness that can occur to persons exposed to ozone in high-altitude aircraft; characterized by sleepiness and headache and chest pains and itchiness

{n: poison, toxicant, poisonous substance} any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism

{n: preventive, preventative, prophylactic} remedy that prevents or slows the course of an illness or disease
"the doctor recommended several preventatives"

{n: rally} a marked recovery of strength or spirits during an illness

{n: respiratory disease, respiratory illness, respiratory disorder} a disease affecting the respiratory system

{n: security, protection} defense against financial failure; financial independence
"his pension gave him security in his old age"
"insurance provided protection against loss of wages due to illness"

{n: seriousness, distressfulness} the quality of arousing fear or distress
"he learned the seriousness of his illness"

{n: sick leave} a leave of absence from work because of illness

{n: sick person, diseased person, sufferer} a person suffering from an illness

{n: sports medicine} the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of injuries or illness resulting from athletic activities

{n: touch, spot} a slight attack of illness
"he has a touch of rheumatism"

{n: treatment} care by procedures or applications that are intended to relieve illness or injury

{n: tremor, shudder} an involuntary vibration (as if from illness or fear)

{n: yerba santa, Eriodictyon californicum} viscid evergreen shrub of western United States with white to deep lilac flowers; the sticky aromatic leaves are used in treating bronchial and pulmonary illnesses

{v: attest, certify, manifest, demonstrate, evidence} provide evidence for ; stand as proof of ; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes
"His high fever attested to his illness"
"The buildings in Rome manifest a high level of architectural sophistication"
"This decision demonstrates his sense of fairness"

{v: bespeak, betoken, indicate, point, signal} be a signal for or a symptom of
"These symptoms indicate a serious illness"
"Her behavior points to a severe neurosis"
"The economic indicators signal that the euro is undervalued"

{v: break down, collapse} collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack

{v: continue, persist in} carry forward
"We continued our research into the cause of the illness"

{v: contract, take, get} be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness
"He got AIDS"
"She came down with pneumonia"
"She took a chill"

{v: deny} refuse to accept or believe
"He denied his fatal illness"

{v: diagnose, name} determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis

{v: distress} cause mental pain to
"The news of her child's illness distressed the mother"

{v: haunt, obsess, ghost} haunt like a ghost ; pursue
"Fear of illness haunts her"

{v: indemnify} secure against future loss, damage, or liability ; give security for
"This plan indemnifies workers against wages lost through illness"

{v: lay up} disable or confine, as with an illness
"She was laid up with pneumonia for six weeks"

{v: nurse} try to cure by special care of treatment, of an illness or injury
"He nursed his cold with Chinese herbs"

{v: predispose} make susceptible
"This illness predisposes you to gain weight"

{v: recuperate, recover, convalesce} get over an illness or shock
"The patient is recuperating"
<-> deteriorate

{v: remedy, relieve} provide relief for
"remedy his illness"

{v: sallow} cause to become sallow
"The illness has sallowed her face"

{v: shorten} make shorter than originally intended ; reduce or retrench in length or duration
"He shortened his trip due to illness"
<-> lengthen

{v: slow, slow down, slow up} cause to proceed more slowly
"The illness slowed him down"

{v: suffer, sustain, have, get} undergo (as of injuries and illnesses)
"She suffered a fracture in the accident"
"He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars"
"She got a bruise on her leg"
"He got his arm broken in the scuffle"

{v: support, back up} give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to
"She supported him during the illness"
"Her children always backed her up"

{v: visit} assail
"He was visited with a terrible illness that killed him quickly"

{v: wash out} deplete of strength or vitality
"The illness washed her out"

This was all-consuming, which is the nature of first love, a sensation felt in our very blood, like intoxication or illness.
这是一种销魂夺魄的感觉-初恋所具有的性质,一种甚至在我们血液中感受到的激动,就像喝醉了酒,又像是害了病。

If he asks, should the doctors deny that he is ill, or minimize the gravity of the illness?
要是他问起,医生该对他的病情矢口否认,或者对其疾病的严重性轻描淡写吗?

Studies show that, contrary to the belief of many physicians, an overwhelming majority of patients do want to be told the truth, even about grave illness, and feel betrayed when they learn that they have been misled.
恰恰与很多医师的观点相反,研究表明绝大多数患者确实希望被告知真实病情,哪怕病情严重。一旦得知受到欺骗,他们就有被出卖的感觉。

We are also learning that truthful information, humanely conveyed, helps patients cope with illness: helps them tolerate pain better, need less medicine, and even recover faster after surgery.
我们还得知:富有人情味儿地传达给病人的真实消息会有助于病人妥善处理疾病-帮助他们更好地忍受病痛,更少地服用药物,甚至手术后更快地康复。

We are becoming increasingly aware of all that can befall patients in the course of their illness when information is denied or distorted.
患者生病期间,真相被否认或者被歪曲时,我们会越来越多地意识到他们身上会发生的种种情况。

Despite his illness, O'Neill lived his life to the fullest.
尽管患病,但奥尼尔的生活却很是充实。

The first old chestnut raised was that there would be the cloning of dictators, followed by these possibilities, positive and negative: celebrity cloning, self-cloning, the pre-selection of citizens by the state with its echoes of Aldous Huxley's futuristic novel Brave New World, the reincarnation of dead loved ones, treatment for infertile couples, a route to avoid parental genetic disease being passed on to children and a way to cure terminal illness.
第一个经常被提起的老掉牙的话题是独裁者将可能被克隆,然后就是这些可能发生的事情,既有积极作用的也有消极作用的:名人克隆;自体克隆;仿照奥尔德斯·赫肯黎的未来主义小说《勇敢的新世界》中的做法,国家预先选择公民;使死去的亲人再生;治疗不育夫妇;避免父母的遗传性疾病传给孩子;以及治愈不治之症。

The period of 1918- 1919 saw a decline in his creative endeavour: this coincided with the severe mental illness of his wife.
在 19181919年间,正碰上他妻子患有严重的精神病,他的创造力也明显下降。

There was no silver lining, no moral lesson, no nobility in my mother's illness.
在母亲所患的疾病中,见不到一线希望之光,得不出任何道德教训,也不存在任何高贵之处。

" My wife had been sick for some time with terrible migraines and a friend suggested this meditation to relieve her illness, " said Mr. Singh. "我妻子一度犯有可怕的偏头痛病,一位朋友建议用这种沉思冥想术解除她的病, "辛格先生说。

On the positive side, people and pigs have been living in close contact for thousands of years and only a few illnesses have been passed on to us.
实际上,人类和猪密切相处已有数千年之久,只有少数起源于猪的疾病传染给了人类。

Now more people are taking the trouble to check their own bodies for any signs of illness, thanks to the growing popularity of home-test health kits in the United States.
由于家庭健康试剂盒在美国逐渐普及,现在有更多人不怕麻烦地检查自己身体中是否有任何疾病的信号。

Demographers predict the market for home medical tests in the United States will top $ 3 billion by 2000 as more baby boomers enter their age-related-illness years.
人口统计学家预言,到 2000年,随着美国有更多在生育高峰期出生的人进入与他们的年龄相关疾病的时期,家庭医学测试产品的市场销售量将超过 30亿美元。

Unlike pregnancy, early illness is not always a " yes or no " condition, Agich said.
阿吉奇说,与妊娠不同,早期疾病并不总是处于 "是或非 "的截然状态。

A test result that misses illness is called a false negative;
那种漏掉疾病的测试结果称为假阴性,
a result showing illness when none exists is a false positive.
不存在疾病而显示疾病的结果称为假阳性。

Packages contain illustrated, easy-to-understand information on the condition or illness, how to use the test and when to seek medical attention.
包装中含有有关健康或疾病的易懂的图示信息、如何进行这种测试以及何时需要寻求医疗关照。

Whether the plaques or the tangles triggered the illness or they were both just the most visible effects of some other more obscure process, no one could say for sure.
引发这疾病的是蛋白质斑还是神经元缠结?或者它们只是一更为隐蔽的病因的外在表现?谁也无法回答这些问题。

Both medicines have to be taken within 48 hours of the onset of flu symptoms to be effective, and are said by the companies to be able to cut the duration of the illness by up to 40%, as well as easing the symptoms.
这两药物都必须在流感发作后 48小时之内服用才能产生疗效;两家制药公司都声称各自的产品可以使流感持续的时间缩短 40%,还可以缓解流感症状。

Two million Italians have come down with the illness, while in the Netherlands flu cases were running nine times normal levels.
200万意大利人已经被流感击倒,而在荷兰,患流感的人数比正常情况多了八倍。

Bad breath isn't an illness. It's only a symptom of something else, frequently an illness such as diabetes, or a kidney disorder. It may also be an infection of the sinuses or bronchial tubes or gums.
其实口臭算不上是病,它不过是另外一样东西的症候,但那样东西通常是一种疾病,例如糖尿病或肾炎,还可能是鼻窦炎、支气管炎或牙龈炎。

Another 1998 report by German obesity expert Alfred Wirth, a professor of internal medicine and senior physician at Teutoburgerwald Clinic in Bad Tothenfelde, calculates that $19.4 billion is spent on the treatment of illness which can arise from obesity.
德国巴特托腾费尔德市条顿堡林山诊所的资深医生、内科教授、肥胖症专家艾尔弗雷德·沃思 1998年写的一份报告推算,用于治疗因肥胖症引起的各种疾病花费了 194亿美元。

As the result of an undiagnosed illness, he is unable to speak and barely able to move, but his recently published book is already No. 4 on Amazon.com's best-seller list.
由于患了一种不知名的疾病,马歇尔失去了说话的能力,几乎不能走动,但是他刚刚出版的作品却已经在亚马逊网上书店的畅销书榜上排到了第四名。

spsc-60105916
Understanding childhood illnesses instructional materials
了解儿童疾病指导材料

F02.4*
Dementia in human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease (B22.0+)
Dementia developing in the course of HIV disease, in the absence of a concurrent illness
or condition other than HIV infection that could explain the clinical features.
发生於人类免疫缺乏病毒 [HIV] 疾病之痴呆 (B22.0+)  
在人类免疫缺乏病毒疾病病程中发生之痴呆 , 除了
HIV 感染可解释此发现外 , 并无其他疾病或状况同时
存在。 

F06
Other mental disorders due to brain damage and dysfunction and to
physical disease
Includes miscellaneous conditions causally related to brain disorder due to primary
cerebral disease, to systemic disease affecting the brain secondarily, to exogenous toxic
substances or hormones, to endocrine disorders, or to other somatic illnesses.
Excludes: associated with:
. delirium (F05.-)
. dementia as classified in F00-F03
resulting from use of alcohol and other psychoactive substances (F10-F19)
其他由於脑部损伤与功能失调以及身体疾病所导致
之精神疾患
此分类包含肇因於下列种种原因引起脑功能障碍之
种种情况 , 诸如原发性大脑疾病、续发性地影响脑
部之系统性疾病、诸如库欣氏徵候群之内分泌疾患
或其他身体性疾病、以及某些外因性毒性物质〔但
不包含分类於 F10-F19 中之酒精与药物〕、荷尔蒙或其
他身体疾病。
不包含 :
. 伴随於谵妄之精神疾患 (F05.-)
. 伴随着分类於 F00-F03 之痴呆的精神疾患
因酒精或其他精神作用物质引起者

F07.0
Organic personality disorder
A disorder characterized by a significant alteration of the habitual patterns of behaviour
displayed by the subject premorbidly, involving the expression of emotions, needs and
impulses. Impairment of cognitive and thought functions, and altered sexuality may also be
PART of the clinical picture.
Organic:
. pseudpsychopathic personality
. pseudoretarded personality
Syndrome:
. frontal lobe
. limbic epilepsy personality
. lobotomy
. postleucotomy
Excludes: enduring personality change after:
. catastrophic experience (F62.0)
. psychiatric illness (F62.1)
postconcussional syndrome (F07.2)
postencephalitic syndrome (F07.1)
specific personality disorder (F60.-)
器质性人格障碍症 
此疾患之特徵为病前习性的明显改变。特别是影响
到情绪、需求、与冲动的表现。认知功能的缺陷与
性行为、性欲之变化也许可能是临床之表现。 
器质性 :
. 器质性假性精神病性人格 
. 器质性假性迟滞性人格 
徵候群 :
. 额叶徵候群 
. 边缘叶癫痫人格徵候群 
. 脑叶白质切割徵候群 
. 白质切割後遗徵候群 
不包含 :
. 灾难性经验後之永续性人格改变 (F62.0)
. 精神疾病後之永续性人格改变 (F62.1)
脑震汤後徵候群 (F07.2)
脑炎後徵候群 (F07.1)
特殊类别人格障碍症 (F60.-)

F20.4
Post-schizophrenic depression
A depressive episode, which may he prolonged, arising in the aftermath of a sehizophrenie
illness. Some sehizophrenie symptoms, either "positive" or "negative",
must still be present but they no longer dominate the clinical picture. These depressive
states are associated with an increased risk of suicide. If the patient no longer has any
schizophrenic symptoms, a depressive episode should be diagnosed (F32.-). If schizophrenic
symptoms are still florid and prominent, the diagnosis should remain that of the
appropriate of the schizophrenic subtype (F20.0-F20.3) .
精神分裂後忧郁症 
它是一种精神分裂症恢复期之郁症发作 , 它可能是
持久性之郁症发作。一定要有某些精神分裂症症状
, 但已不明显 , 这些症状可能是正性或负性症状。
此郁症与自杀率升高有相关性。若病人已无精神分
裂症症状 , 则应诊断为郁症发作 (F32.-) 。若仍有丰富
而明显的精神分裂症症状 , 则仍应将其归类於适合
的精神分裂症亚型分类 (F20.0-F20.3) 。 

F20.5
Residual schizophrenia
A chronic stage in the development of a schizophrenic illness in which there has been a
clear progression from an early stage to a later stage characterized by long-term, though
not necessarily irreversible, "negative" symptoms, e.g. psychomotor slowing;
underactivity; blunting of affect; passivity and lack of initiative; poverty of quantity
or content of speech; poor nonverbal communication by facial expression, eye contact,
voice modulation and posture; poor self-care and social performance.
Chronic undifferentiated schizophrenia
Restzustand (schizophrenic)
Schizophrenic residual state
残馀型精神分裂症 
一种慢性期的变化 , 自早期之进展 ( 其中也有几次
精神病性症状的发作 , 而且符合上述精神分裂症的
诊断准则 ) , 到後期以长期性负性症状与功能缺失
为主之临床表。但不一定是不可回复的 , 这些负性
症状包含精神运动性迟缓、少活动、情感平淡、被
动及缺乏动机、言谈之量与内容贫乏 , 缺乏非语言
性沟通表达如 : 脸部表情、眼神接触、声调与姿态
之变化与自我照料及社交表现差。 
慢性未分化型精神分裂症 
静止状态 (Restzustand)  
精神分裂性残馀状态 

F25
Schizoaffective disorders
Episodic disorders in which both affective and schizophrenic symptoms are prominent but
which do not justify a diagnosis of either schizophrenia or depressive or manic episodes.
Other conditions in which affective symptoms are superimposed on a pre-existing
schizophrenic illness, or co-exist or alternate with persistent delusional disorders of
other kinds, are classified under F20-F29. Mood-incongruent psychotic symptoms in
affective disorders do not justify a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder.
分裂情感障碍症
此乃阵发性疾病 , 在相同的一次疾病中合并出现明


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