英语学习词典
  

harsh

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harsh [ ha:ʃ] a.严厉的;刺耳的

harsh [ ha:ʃ] a.粗糙的;严厉的

harsh 粗糙的;刺耳的;严厉的

Harsh counsels have no effect: they are like hammers which are always repulsed by the anvil.
刺耳的劝告不会收效:它们就像总是被铁砧弹回的锤。

His family wouldn’t survive the harsh winter.
他一家人将无法熬过这个冬天。

That is a very harsh punishment to give a young child.
那样去惩罚一个幼儿很残忍。

The noise is too harsh to the ear.
那种噪声十分刺耳。

I don’t like the color of that dress; it’s too harsh.
我不喜欢那件衣服的颜色 ,太刺眼了。

His breathing is harsh and wheezy.
他呼吸时,有气喘似的呼哧呼哧作响。

苛刻 [hé kè] /harsh/

严酷 [yán kù] /bitter/harsh/grim/ruthless/severe/cut-throat (competition)/

Science has long had an uneasy relationship with other aspects of culture.
科学与文化的其他方面的关系一直都很紧张。
Think of Galileo's 17th-century trial for his rebelling belief before the Catholic Church or poet William Blake's harsh remarks against the mechanistic worldview of Isaac Newton.
想想看,17世纪伽利略为他叛逆性的信仰而遭受天主教会的审判,还有诗人威廉·布莱克对艾萨克·牛顿的机械的世界观所发表的尖锐批判。
The schism between science and the humanities has, if anything, deepened in this century.
本世纪,(自然)科学与人文科学之间的分裂更深了。

The harsh realities of the frontier also shaped this tradition of hospitality.
开拓者的严酷生活现实也促成了这一好客的传统。

{adj: Draconian} of or relating to Draco or his harsh code of laws
"Draconian measures"

{adj: acerb, acerbic, acid, acrid, bitter, blistering, caustic, sulfurous, sulphurous, venomous, virulent, vitriolic} harsh or corrosive in tone
"an acerbic tone piercing otherwise flowery prose"
"a barrage of acid comments"
"her acrid remarks make her many enemies"
"bitter words"
"blistering criticism"
"caustic jokes about political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethics"
"a sulfurous denunciation"
"a vitriolic critique"

{adj: coarse, harsh} of textures that are rough to the touch or substances consisting of relatively large particles
"coarse meal"
"coarse sand"
"a coarse weave"
<-> fine

{adj: cutting, edged, stinging} (of speech) harsh or hurtful in tone or character
"cutting remarks"
"edged satire"
"a stinging comment"

{adj: dim, subdued} lacking in light; not bright or harsh
"a dim light beside the bed"
"subdued lights and soft music"

{adj: euphonious} (of speech or dialect) pleasing in sound; not harsh or strident
"her euphonious Southern speech"

{adj: gentle, soft} soft and mild; not harsh or stern or severe
"a gentle reprimand"
"a vein of gentle irony"
"poked gentle fun at him"

{adj: grating, gravel, gravelly, rasping, raspy, rough, scratchy} unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound
"a gravelly voice"

{adj: gruff, hoarse, husky} deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or emotion
"gruff voices"
"the dog's gruff barking"
"hoarse cries"
"makes all the instruments sound powerful but husky"- Virgil Thomson

{adj: harsh, abrasive} sharply disagreeable; rigorous
"the harsh facts of court delays"
"an abrasive character"

{adj: harsh, rough} unkind or cruel or uncivil
"had harsh words"
"a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"
" a rough answer"

{adj: harsh, rough} unpleasantly stern
"wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"
"the nomad life is rough and hazardous"

{adj: harsh-voiced} having an unusually harsh sound

{adj: harsh} disagreeable to the senses
"the harsh cry of a blue jay"
"harsh cognac"
"the harsh white light makes you screw up your eyes"
"harsh irritating smoke filled the hallway"

{adj: harsh} severe
"a harsh penalty"

{adj: inclement} used of persons or behavior; showing no clemency or mercy
"the harsh sentence of an inclement judge"
<-> clement

{adj: jarring} making or causing a harsh and irritating sound
"the jarring noise of the iron gate scraping on the sidewalk"

{adj: lessened} decreased in severity; made less harsh

{adj: lordless, masterless} having no lord or master
"harsh punishments for sturdy vagabonds and masterless men"

{adj: raucous, strident} unpleasantly loud and harsh

{adj: raw} brutally unfair or harsh
"received raw treatment from his friends"
"a raw deal"

{adj: sharp, sharp-worded, tart} harsh
"sharp criticism"
"a sharp-worded exchange"
"a tart remark"

{adj: snoring} breathing during sleep with harsh noises caused by vibration of the uvula or soft palate
"the snoring sleeper"

{adj: soft-spoken} having a speaking manner that is not loud or harsh
"she was always soft-spoken"

{adj: sounding} making or having a sound as specified; used as a combining form
"harsh-sounding"

{adv: arrogantly} in an arrogant manner
"in the old days she had been harsh and stiff ; afraid of her husband and yet arrogantly proud that she had a husband strong and fierce enough to make her afraid"

{adv: eventually, yet, sooner or later, in time, one of these days} within an indefinite time or at an unspecified future time
"he will understand eventually"
"he longed for the flowers that were yet to show themselves"
"sooner or later you will have to face the facts"
"in time they came to accept the harsh reality"

{adv: gratingly, raspingly, harshly} in a harsh and grating manner
"her voice fell gratingly on our ears"

{adv: harshly} in a harsh or unkind manner
"`That's enough!,' he cut in harshly"

{adv: unjustifiably, inexcusably} without any excuse
"he is unjustifiably harsh on her"
<-> justifiably

{n: bitterness, bitter} the property of having a harsh unpleasant taste

{n: blare, blaring, cacophony, clamor, din} a loud harsh or strident noise

{n: cactus wren} large harsh-voiced American wren of arid regions of the United States southwest and Mexico

{n: censure, animadversion} harsh criticism or disapproval

{n: comfort woman, ianfu} a woman forced into prostitution for Japanese servicemen during World War II
"she wrote a book about her harsh experiences as a comfort woman"

{n: concentration camp, stockade} a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)

{n: concentration camp} a situation characterized by crowding and extremely harsh conditions

{n: critic} someone who frequently finds fault or makes harsh and unfair judgments

{n: croak, croaking} a harsh hoarse utterance (as of a frog)

{n: croup, spasmodic laryngitis} a disease of infants and young children; harsh coughing and hoarseness and fever and difficult breathing

{n: discipline, correction} the act of punishing
"the offenders deserved the harsh discipline they received"

{n: discordance, discord} a harsh mixture of sounds

{n: grate} a harsh rasping sound made by scraping something

{n: griffon, wire-haired pointing griffon} breed of medium-sized long-headed dogs with downy undercoat and harsh wiry outer coat; originated in Holland but largely developed in France

{n: grinding} a harsh and strident sound (as of the grinding of gears)

{n: harshness, roughness} the quality of being unpleasant (harsh or rough or grating) to the senses

{n: heavy metal} loud and harsh sounding rock music with a strong beat; lyrics usually involve violent or fantastic imagery

{n: inquisitor, interrogator} a questioner who is excessively harsh

{n: quack} the harsh sound of a duck

{n: reality} the state of the world as it really is rather than as you might want it to be
"businessmen have to face harsh realities"

{n: roaster} a harsh or humorous critic (sometimes intended as a facetious compliment)
"the honoree gave his roasters as good as he got"

{n: roughness} harsh or severe speech or behavior
"men associate the roughness of nonstandard working-class speech with masculinity"
"the roughness of her voice was a signal to keep quiet"

{n: scrape, scraping, scratch, scratching} a harsh noise made by scraping
"the scrape of violin bows distracted her"

{n: screamer} gooselike aquatic bird of South America having a harsh trumpeting call

{n: shrillness} the quality of being sharp or harsh to the senses
"the shrillness of her hair color"

{n: slavery} work done under harsh conditions for little or no pay

{n: speech, speech communication, spoken communication, spoken language, language, voice communication, oral communication} (language) communication by word of mouth
"his speech was garbled"
"he uttered harsh language"
"he recorded the spoken language of the streets"

{v: belabor, belabour} attack verbally with harsh criticism
"She was belabored by her fellow students"

{v: blister, scald, whip} subject to harsh criticism
"The Senator blistered the administration in his speech on Friday"
"the professor scaled the students"
"your invectives scorched the community"

{v: dissonate} be dissonant or harsh
"The violins in this piece dissonated disturbingly"

{v: dissonate} make harsh and unpleasant-sounding

{v: harshen} make harsh or harsher
"Winter harshened the look of the city"

{v: mince, soften, moderate} make less severe or harsh
"He moderated his tone when the students burst out in tears"

{v: mitigate} make less severe or harsh
"mitigating circumstances"

{v: modify} make less severe or harsh or extreme
"please modify this letter to make it more polite"
"he modified his views on same-gender marriage"

{v: squawk, screak, skreak, skreigh, screech} utter a harsh abrupt scream

{v: wash out} drain off the color in the course of laundering
"The harsh soap washed out the delicate blouse"

The opening, with its hesitant, faltering strings, its plangent bassoon and the soft, strange gleam of its intertwined basset horns, followed by the sudden forte and the harsh summons of trumpets and drums, has a tragic force as potent as anything in Mozart.
曲子的开头是迟疑颤抖的弦乐和凄切的低音管和轻柔、奇特的巴松管,有如一缕缕微光若隐若现;然后就是突然的强音和喷亮的小号及鼓声-这种悲怆的力量不逊于莫扎特的任何一部作品。

A few years later I took a second look at the first poem, and reluctantly I had to agree with my father's harsh judgment.
几年以后,我重读了那第一首诗,虽极不情愿,但又不得不同意父亲当时苛刻的评语。

The KDI's Dr Cho disagrees with the harsh assessment.
KDI 的赵博士不同意这种残酷的评断。

Roxy, now the loving mother, offers to let herself be sold back into slavery to pay Tom's debts:
作为慈爱的母亲,罗西主动要求再被卖为奴隶,以便还清汤姆欠下的赌债:
her only condition is that she go to a good master, not one of the harsh ones 'down the river'.
她提出的唯一条件是让她跟一个好主人,而不是跟 "大河下游 "那些严厉刻薄的主人。


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