英语学习词典
  

habits

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habit [ 'hæbit] n.习惯;习性

be in the habit of 有…习惯(或脾气)

habit ['hæbit] n. 习惯,习性

workaholic 工作狂
A: My wife has been very upset about my bad habit of staying late at work.
A: 我太太对我喜欢晚下班的坏习惯很不开心。
B: I've been there. My husband used to be a workaholic until I gave him an ultimatum. His work addiction almost ruined our relationship.
B: 我是过来人。我先生以前一直是个工作狂, 直到我向他下了最后通牒。他的沉迷于工作基乎毁了我们的感情。
- 对于「沉迷于酒」的人我们叫他"an alcoholic", 对于放不下工作的人呢,
美语就叫"a workaholic"「工作狂」, "ultimatum"是「最后通牒」的意思。
"I've been there."(原意:我到过那里)在口语里有「我是过来人」的意思。

爱是无尽的宽恕,是惯常的温柔目光。
Love is an act of endless forgiveness, a tender look which become a habit.

但愿坏习惯象心一样易碎。
If only bad habits could be broken as easily as hearts!

habit 个人依习惯.身份而着的服装

We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.
我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。

Bad habits are as infectious by example as the plague itself is by contact.
恶习易于由实例传播,就像瘟疫的传播借助于接触。

In October 1838, I happened to read for amusement Malthus on Population, and being well prepared to appreciate the struggle for existence which everywhere goes on, from long continued observation of the habits of animals and plants, it at once struck me that, under these circumstances, favorable variations would tend to be preserved, and unfavourable ones to be destroyed.
1838年10月,我随便读了《马尔萨散人口论》,很欣赏书的到处都有的生存竞争,经过对动物和植物生存习性的长期观察,我忽然想到这种环境下,有利于生存的变化被保留了,而不利于生存变化被消除了。

He is a creature of habit.
他是个墨守成规的人。

Habit cures habit.
新风移旧俗。

Habit is second nature.
习惯成自然。

The fox changes his skin but not his habit.
狐狸可以改变皮毛,但不能改变习性。

We first make our habits, and then our habits make us.
我们先养成习惯,然后习惯又左右我们。

Good health is a corollary of having good habits.
Anonymous
健康的身体是良好生活习惯的结果。
无名氏

Law is the crystallizaton of the habit and thought of society.
Woodrow Wilson, American president 
法律是社会习俗和思想的结晶。
美国总统威尔逊W 

@@@ 习惯
(be/become/get) accustomed to 习惯于
get used to 习惯于
habituated to 习惯
make a habit of sth./doing sth. 使...形成一种习惯
be used to doing sth. 习惯于

Make a habit of reading something inspiring and cheerful just before going to sleep.
睡前读点令人鼓舞和愉快的。

- kick the habit 戒除恶习
You are doomed to be broke one day if you don't kick the drug habit.

Practise saying Hello, Good morning, Good afternoon and Good evening every day to family, friends or colleagues at work. Make it a habit!
每天用Hello, Good morning, Good afternoon 和 Good evening向家人、朋友和同事问好,并形成习惯。

恶心 [è xīn] /bad habit/vicious habit/vice/

癖 [pǐ] /habit/hobby/

习 [xí] /to practice/to study/habit/

习惯 [xí guàn] /habit/custom/usual practice/to be used to/

{adj: accustomed} (often followed by `to') in the habit of or adapted to
"accustomed to doing her own work"
"I've grown accustomed to her face"
<-> unaccustomed

{adj: addicted} compulsively or physiologically dependent on something habit-forming
"she is addicted to chocolate"
"addicted to cocaine"
<-> unaddicted

{adj: addictive, habit-forming} causing or characterized by addiction
"addictive drugs"
"addictive behavior"
<-> nonaddictive

{adj: adscititious} added or derived from something outside; not inherent
"an adscititious habit rather than an inherent taste"

{adj: bad} capable of harming
"bad habits"
"bad air"
"smoking is bad for you"

{adj: clean} free from dirt or impurities; or having clean habits
"children with clean shining faces"
"clean white shirts"
"clean dishes"
"a spotlessly clean house"
"cats are clean animals"
<-> dirty

{adj: confirmed, habitual, inveterate} having a habit of long standing
"a chronic smoker"

{adj: deep-rooted, deep-seated, implanted, ingrained, planted} (used especially of ideas or principles) deeply rooted; firmly fixed or held
"deep-rooted prejudice"
"deep-seated differences of opinion"
"implanted convictions"
"ingrained habits of a lifetime"
"a deeply planted need"

{adj: dependable, rock-steady, steady-going} consistent in performance or behavior
"dependable in one's habits"
"a steady-going family man"

{adj: disconcerting, upsetting} causing an emotional disturbance
"his disconcerting habit of greeting friends ferociously and strangers charmingly"- Herb Caen
"an upsetting experience"

{adj: efficacious} marked by qualities giving the power to produce an intended effect
"written propaganda is less efficacious than the habits and prejudices...of the readers"-Aldous Huxley
"the medicine is efficacious in stopping a cough"
<-> inefficacious

{adj: fossilized, fossilised, ossified} set in a rigidly conventional pattern of behavior, habits, or beliefs
"obsolete fossilized ways"
"an ossified bureaucratic system"

{adj: habited} dressed in a habit
"the habited men of the monastery"

{adj: habitual} made a norm or custom or habit
"his habitual practice was to eat an early supper"
"her habitual neatness"

{adj: hygienic, hygienical} tending to promote or preserve health
"hygienic habits like using disposable tissues"
"hygienic surroundings with plenty of fresh air"

{adj: incurable} unalterable in disposition or habits
"an incurable optimist"

{adj: indiscriminate} not marked by fine distinctions
"indiscriminate reading habits"
"an indiscriminate mixture of colors and styles"
<-> discriminate

{adj: lifelong, womb-to-tomb} continuing through life
"a lifelong friend"
"from lifelong habit"
"his lifelong study of Greek art"

{adj: messy, mussy} dirty and disorderly
"a mussy fussy bedroom"
"a child's messy eating habits"

{adj: mobile, nomadic, peregrine, roving, wandering} (of groups of people) tending to travel and change settlements frequently
"a restless mobile society"
"the nomadic habits of the Bedouins"
"believed the profession of a peregrine typist would have a happy future"
"wandering tribes"

{adj: parasitic, parasitical, leechlike, bloodsucking} of plants or persons; having the nature or habits of a parasite or leech; living off another
"a wealthy class parasitic upon the labor of the masses"
"parasitic vines that strangle the trees"
"bloodsucking blackmailer"
"his indolent leechlike existence"

{adj: sloppy} lacking neatness or order
"a sloppy room"
"sloppy habits"

{adj: temperate} not extreme in behavior
"temperate in his habits"
"a temperate response to an insult"
"temperate in his eating and drinking"
<-> intemperate

{adj: tidy} marked by good order and cleanliness in appearance or habits
"a tidy person"
"a tidy house"
"a tidy mind"
<-> untidy

{adj: uncontrollable, uncorrectable, unmanageable} incapable of being controlled or managed
"uncontrollable children"
"an uncorrectable habit"

{adj: unselective} not selective or discriminating
"unselective in her reading habits; her choices seemed completely random"

{adj: untidy} not neat and tidy
"careless and untidy in her personal habits"
"an untidy living room"
"untidy and casual about money"
<-> tidy

{adj: untrained} not disciplined or conditioned or made adept by training
"an untrained voice"
"untrained troops"
"young minds untrained in the habit of concentration"
<-> trained

{adj: unwholesome} detrimental to physical or moral well-being
"unwholesome food"
"unwholesome habits like smoking"
<-> wholesome

{adj: used to, wont to} in the habit
"I am used to hitchhiking"
"you'll get used to the idea"
"...was wont to complain that this is a cold world"- Henry David Thoreau

{adj: well-ordered} ordered well
"well-ordered work habits"

{adv: habitually} according to habit or custom
"her habitually severe expression"
"he habitually keeps his office door closed"

{adv: verbally} as a verb
"he had a habit of using nouns verbally"

{n: Convolvulaceae, family Convolvulaceae, morning-glory family} morning glory; bindweed; sweet potato; plants having trumpet-shaped flowers and a climbing or twining habit

{n: Falcatifolium, genus Falcatifolium} sickle pines: dioecious evergreen tropical trees and shrubs having sickle-shaped leaves; similar to Dacrycarpus in habit; Malaysia and Philippines to New Guinea and New Caledonia

{n: Franciscan, Grey Friar} a Roman Catholic friar wearing the grey habit of the Franciscan order

{n: Halocarpus, genus Halocarpus} dioecious trees or shrubs of New Zealand; similar in habit to Dacrydium

{n: Italian bee} yellowish honeybee resembling the Carniolan bee in its habits

{n: Minuartia, genus Minuartia} mostly perennial herbs of northern hemisphere often with mat-forming habit; most often placed in genus Arenaria: sandworts

{n: Wisconsin weeping willow, Salix pendulina, Salix blanda, Salix pendulina blanda} hybrid willow usually not strongly weeping in habit

{n: addiction, dependence, dependance, dependency, habituation} being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)

{n: bindweed} any of several vines of the genera Convolvulus and Calystegia having a twining habit

{n: bittern} relatively small compact tawny-brown heron with nocturnal habits and a booming cry; found in marshes

{n: butcherbird} large carnivorous Australian bird with the shrike-like habit of impaling prey on thorns

{n: calliandra} any of various shrubs and small trees valued for their fine foliage and attractive spreading habit and clustered white to deep pink or red flowers

{n: cleanliness} the habit of keeping free of superficial imperfections

{n: disposition} a natural or acquired habit or characteristic tendency in a person or thing
"a swelling with a disposition to rupture"

{n: epicurism} the disposition and habits of an epicure

{n: episcia} any plant of the genus Episcia; usually creeping and stoloniferous and of cascading habit; grown for their colorful foliage and flowers

{n: frock} a habit worn by clerics

{n: gateway drug} a habit-forming drug that is not addictive but its use may lead to the use of other addictive drugs
"one college athlete recently called beer a gateway drug for young people"

{n: genus Commelina} type genus of the Commelinaceae; large genus of herbs of branching or creeping habit: day flower; widow's tears

{n: genus Salvia} large genus of shrubs and subshrubs of the mint family varying greatly in habit: sage

{n: gourmandism} the disposition and habits of a gourmand

{n: great millet, kaffir, kafir corn, kaffir corn, Sorghum bicolor} important for human and animal food; growth habit and stem form similar to Indian corn but having sawtooth-edged leaves

{n: ground roller} Madagascan roller with terrestrial and crepuscular habits that feeds on e.g. insects and worms

{n: guimpe} a piece of starched cloth covering the shoulders of a nun's habit

{n: habit, use, wont} a pattern of behavior acquired through frequent repetition
"she had a habit twirling the ends of her hair"
"long use had hardened him to it"

{n: habit, wont} an established custom
"it was their habit to dine at 7 every evening"

{n: habit} a distinctive attire (as the costume of a religious order)

{n: hairy-legged vampire bat, Diphylla ecaudata} similar in size and habits to Desmodus rotundus; of tropical America including southern California and Texas

{n: incurability} incapability of being altered in disposition or habits
"the incurability of his optimism"

{n: kinglet} small birds resembling warblers but having some of the habits of titmice

{n: meal} any of the occasions for eating food that occur by custom or habit at more or less fixed times

{n: meditation, speculation} continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject or series of subjects of a deep or abstruse nature
"the habit of meditation is the basis for all real knowledge"

{n: methadone, methadone hydrochloride, methadon, dolophine hydrochloride, fixer, synthetic heroin} synthetic narcotic drug similar to morphine but less habit-forming; used in narcotic detoxification and maintenance of heroin addiction

{n: midwife toad, Alytes cisternasi} similar in habit to Alytes obstetricians

{n: mole rat} African rodent resembling a mole in habits and appearance

{n: mole rat} furry short-limbed tailless rodent resembling a true mole in habits and appearance; of eastern Europe and Middle East

{n: monastic habit} a long loose habit worn by monks in a monastery

{n: morphine, morphia} an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain

{n: nun's habit} a long loose habit worn by nuns in a convent

{n: oddity, queerness, quirk, quirkiness, crotchet} a strange attitude or habit

{n: orangutan, orang, orangutang, Pongo pygmaeus} large long-armed ape of Borneo and Sumatra having arboreal habits

{n: pagoda tree, temple tree, Plumeria acutifolia} frangipani of India having an erect habit and conical form; grown in temple gardens

{n: prosimian} primitive primates having large ears and eyes and characterized by nocturnal habits

{n: punctuality, promptness} the quality or habit of adhering to an appointed time
<-> tardiness

{n: regularity} the quality of being characterized by a fixed principle or rate
"he was famous for the regularity of his habits"
<-> irregularity

{n: riding boot} a boot without laces that is worn for riding horses; part of a riding habit

{n: riding habit} habit that is typically worn by horseback riders

{n: rove beetle} active beetle typically having predatory or scavenging habits

{n: rudderfish, banded rudderfish, Seriola zonata} fish having the habit of following ships; found in North American and South American coastal waters

{n: scapular, scapulary} garment consisting of a long wide piece of woolen cloth worn over the shoulders with an opening for the head; part of a monastic habit

{n: substance abuse, drug abuse, habit} excessive use of drugs

{n: tardiness} the quality or habit of not adhering to a correct or usual or expected time
<-> punctuality

{n: tarwood, tar-wood, Dacrydium colensoi} New Zealand silver pine of conical habit with long slender flexuous branches; adapted to cold wet summers and high altitudes

{n: tidiness} the habit of being tidy
<-> untidiness

{n: uncleanliness} lack of cleanly habits
<-> cleanliness

{n: wryneck} Old World woodpecker with a peculiar habit of twisting the neck

{v: break} cause to give up a habit
"She finally broke herself of smoking cigarettes"

{v: freeze, suspend} stop a process or a habit by imposing a freeze on it
"Suspend the aid to the war-torn country"

{v: habit} put a habit on

{v: kick} stop consuming
"kick a habit"

{v: lead off, lead astray} teach immoral behavior to
"It was common practice to lead off the young ones, and teach them bad habits"

{v: sell} exchange or deliver for money or its equivalent
"He sold his house in January"
"She sells her body to survive and support her drug habit"
<-> buy

{v: take to} develop a habit ; apply oneself to a practice or occupation
"She took to drink"
"Men take to the military trades"

{v: take} develop a habit
"He took to visiting bars"

{v: unlearn} discard something previously learnt, like an old habit

{v: unteach} cause to unlearn
"teach somebody to unlearn old habits or methods"

{v: urbanize, urbanise} impart urban habits, ways of life, or responsibilities upon
"Birds are being urbanized by people in outdoor cafes feeding them"

More-educated people, he noted, are often less likely to have habits, such as smoking, that harm overall health.
他指出,受教育程度较高的人不太可能染上像抽烟之类的对全身健康有害的习惯。

Canaletto was not inclined to sign or date his work.
卡纳莱托不愿在自己的作品上署名或写上日期。
This bad habit, plus his enormous popularity, encouraged a lot of imitators during his lifetime.
这种恶习,加上他极大的名声,在他一生中怂恿了许多伪造者。

Little progress was made at first, but by steady perseverance the habit of attention became powerful, and the sermon was at length repeated almost verbatim.
起初进步很小,可是靠持续不断的努力,专心的习惯变得颇有成效,终于布道文复述得几乎一字不差。

It seems simple, so sound and rooted in common sense:
这似乎很简单,如此合理且源于常识:
make PE fun, structure it so children celebrate their strengths and work on their weaknesses and that, in turn, will keep people like Amanda Bush enthusiastic about physical education and help them establish lifelong fitness habits.
使体育充满乐趣,把它组织好,那样孩子们就会赞美自己的优点,不断克服自己的弱点,而这些又将使像阿曼达.布什这样的人对体育充满热情,帮助他们养成终生的健康习惯。

Change Your Bad Habits to Good
改掉坏毛病养成好习惯

What's more, individuals who have made successful changes in their lives--changes in eating habits, exercise regimens, career paths, coping strategies, and so on--often relied on one or more of these methods.
此外,那些已成功改变了其人生道路的人们,也常常是依靠这些方法中的一种或多种来改变其饮食习惯、养生之道、事业方向和处世策略,等等。

The hotel habits of business travellers have been studied for the third year by the worldwide hotel chain Novotel, which has several hotels in China.
世界各地都有连锁宾馆的 Novotel 研究出差住旅馆者的习惯已经有三年了。 Novotel 在中国有好几家宾馆,

During the next two years the company will spend $ US 50 million on setting up representative panels to reflect the Internet surfing habits of people around the world.
今后两年中,公司将耗资 5000万美元建立代表性小组来反映全世界人们在网上冲浪的习惯。

Each panellist who has agreed to have their Internet grazing habits monitored will be paid a seemingly miserly fee of $50 a year.
每一个已同意自己在因特网上的浏览习惯被监测的小组成员每年可以得到 50美元的报酬,这似乎有点吝啬。

We might have gone on like that, the habit of separation hardening into a permanent estrangement.
我们本来有可能就这样继续下去,让分离的习惯不断硬化成一种永久的隔阂。

With a dossier that includes your name, address, previous purchasing habits and demographic info, Cookie not only knows where you live, he knows what make you tick
凭着一份档案, "机灵鬼 "不仅知道你住哪儿,还知道你为何而来。这份档案记录了你的姓名、地址、先前购物习惯和人口统计资料。

Shopping habits in China are very different from those in the West.
中国人的购物习惯和西方差别很大。

The habit is rubbing off on parents.
这一习惯也影响到家长。

After a month, she's starting to warm up to the thing, despite one irritating habit.
一个月之后,她已经开始喜欢上这个家伙了,尽管它有一个让人讨厌的习惯。

" From this day on I would like to be known as the Big Aristotle, " he said when he accepted his MVP award, " because it was Aristotle who said excellence is not a singular act but a habit.
他在接受最有价值球员奖时说:从今天起,我希望被人看作大个子亚里斯多德。因为亚里斯多德曾说过,秀并非单纯的行为,而是一习惯。

You may not even know product even exists, but since the Amazon site is so familiar with your consumption habits, it knows, and offers the product to you.
你也许不知道这种产品真的存在,然而既然亚马孙公司如此洞悉客户的消费习惯,它知道、也将为你提供所需要的商品。

Outside Providence shows a different side of the Farrelly brothers?? ot so gross, more gentle Bad attitude, bad wardrobe, bad study habits.
影片《天意之外》体现了法雷尔兄弟的另一面──少了一分鄙俗,多了一分文雅恶劣的态度,破旧的衣柜,极差的学习习惯。

The director of the WHO's Tobacco Free Initiative, Vera Luiza da Costa e Silva says treaty provisions aim to dissuade children from smoking and helping adults to kick the habit.
“世界卫生组织无烟行动”负责人达·科斯塔说,这个条约的内容包括劝阻儿童吸烟以及协助成人戒烟。

Investigators followed more than three thousand people who reported their fast food eating habits. After 15 years, the U.S. researchers found that those who ate at least two meals per week at a fast food restaurant were four-point-five kilograms heavier, and they had more than a 100 percent risk of insulin resistance compared to those who limited their intake of fast food to one meal or less per week.
调研专家跟踪调查了3000多报告有吃快餐习惯的人。美国研究人员15年后发现那些每周至少要在快餐店吃两顿快餐的人要比每周只吃一顿或更少的人重4.5公斤,并且有超过100%的可能性患有抗性胰岛素。

spsc-85151506
Studies on foods or food habits
食品和饮食习惯研究

F55
Abuse of non-dependence-producing substances
A wide variety of medicaments and folk remedies may be involved, but the particularly
important groups are: (a) psychotropic drugs that do not produce dependence, such as
antidepressants, (b) laxatives, and (c) analgesics that may be purchased without medical
prescription, such as aspirin and paracetamol.
Persistent use of these substances often involves unnecessary contacts with medical
professionals or supporting staff, and is sometimes accompanied by harmful physical
effects of the substances. Attempts to dissuade or forbid the use of the substance are
often met with resistance; for laxatives and analgesics this may be in spite of warnings
about (or even the development of) physical harm such as renal dysfunction or electrolyte
disturbances. Although it is usually clear that the patient has a strong motivation to
take the substance, dependence or withdrawal symptoms do not develop as in the case of the
psychoactive substances specified in F10-F19.
Abuse of:
. antacids
. herbal or folk remedies
. steroids or hormones
. vitamins
Laxative habit
Excludes: abuse of psychoactive substances (F10-F19)
无成瘾性药物之滥用
广泛的包含药剂和民俗用药 , 但较特别重要的几类
药物是 ( a ) 不造成成瘾性的精神药物 , 如抗忧郁剂 ,
( b ) 轻泻药 ( c ) 不需医师处方即可购得的止痛剂 , 如
aspirin 和 paracetamol 。
病人持续且不正常使用这些药物 , 常引起与医疗专
业人员非必要的求诊接触 , 有时也伴有该药物引起
的有害身体的作用。尝试劝戒或禁止使用这些物质
常会遭遇阻抗 ; 使用泻药及止痛药者可能不顾对身
体伤害的警告 , 比如将会造成胃功能障碍或电解质
不平衡等。虽然病人了解上述状况 , 但是病人仍有
强烈动机去使用这些药物 , 并不会像 F10-F19 精神作用
物质使用般地发展出依赖或戒断症状。
滥用以下药物 :
. 制酸剂
. 草药及民俗用药
. 类固醇或荷尔蒙
. 维生素
不包含 : 有成瘾性精神药物之滥用 (F10-F19)

F63
Habit and impulse disorders  
This category includes certain disorders of behaviour that are not classifiable under
other categories. They are characterized by repeated acts that have no clear rational
motivation, cannot be controlled, and generally harm the patient's own interests and those
of other people. The patient reports that the behaviour is associated with impulses to
action. The cause of these disorders is not understood and they are grouped together
because of broad descriptive similarities, not because they are known to share any other
important features.
Excludes: habitual excessive use of alcohol or psychoactive substances (F10-F19)
impulse and habit disorders involving sexual behaviour (F65.-)
习惯和冲动障碍症 :
此诊断是指在其他项目之诊断所不能分类之行为障
碍 , 其主要之特徵是在没有合理的动机下 , 会重覆
出现自己不能控制而伤害别人或自己利益的行为。
这种行为的出现是导因於强烈的冲动。造成如此状
况之原因 , 尚不十分清楚 , 其所以会被集合置於此
诊断类别的原因 , 只是单纯的因为在现象学之描述
上较为相似而已。
不包含 : 习惯性大量使用酒精或药物 (F10-F19)

F63.8
Other habit and impulse disorders
Other kinds of persistently repeated maladaptive behaviour that are not secondary to a
recognized psychiatric syndrome, and in which it appears that the patient is repeatedly
failing to resist impulses to carry out the behaviour. There is a prodromal period of
tension with a feeling of release at the time of the act.
Intermittent explosive disorder
其他的习惯和冲动障碍症
其他种类的重覆性不适当行为 , 非续发於其他精神
障碍症。重覆他无法其抗拒冲动的行为 , 其有动作
前的紧张及动作後的放松感。
间歇性暴发性行为障碍症

F63.9
Habit and impulse disorder, unspecified
未明示之习惯与冲动障碍症

F98.4
Stereotyped movement disorders
Voluntary, repetitive, stereotyped, nonfunctional (and often rhythmic) movements that do
not form part of any recognized psychiatric or neurological condition. When such movements
occur as symptoms of some other disorder, only the overall disorder should be recorded.
The movements that are of a non self-injurious variety include: bodyrocking, head-rocking,
hair-plucking, hair-twisting, finger-flicking mannerisms, and hand-flapping. Stereotyped
self-injurious behaviour includes repetitive head-banging, face-slapping, eye-poking, and
biting of hands, lips or other body parts. All the stereotyped movement disorders occur
most frequently in association with mental retardation (when this is the case, both should
be recorded). If eye-poking occurs in a child with visual impairment, both should be
coded: eye-poking under this category and the visual condition under the appropriate
somatic disorder code.
Stereotype/habit disorder
Excludes: abnormal involuntary movements (R25.-)
movement disorders of organic origin (G20-G25)
nail-biting (F98.8)
nose-picking (F98.8)
stereotypies that are part of a broader psychiatric condition (F00-F95)
thumb-sucking (F98.8)
tic disorders (F95.-)
trichotillomania (F63.3)
重覆动作症
一种自发、重覆、刻板、非功能性的 ( 通常都有节
奏的 ) 动作 , 但又不属於任何已知精神或神经系统
的疾病。如果这是其他障碍症的一个症状 , 应该标
明该障碍症的诊断不应标明 F98.4 ) 。出现的通常是不
会伤害自己的动作 , 包含 : 身体摇动、摇摆头部、
拉扯或扭转头发、作态的弹指头及拍动手掌等。自
伤性的重覆动作包含重覆撞头、掴脸、戳眼睛、咬
手、咬嘴唇或咬身体其他部位。所有的重覆动作症
最常并有智能不足 , 这时候需同时标明两个诊断。
若戳眼睛发生在有视力障碍的儿童 , 需同时标明 ;
戳眼睛 F98.4 及及合适的身体疾病中的视力问题代码。
重复动作或习惯障碍症
不包含 : 异常不自主动作 (R25.-)
器质性 (G20-G20) 动作障碍症的异常动作
咬指甲 (F98.8)
挖鼻孔 (F98.8)
某些精神病 (F00-F95) 的重覆动作症
吸手指 (F98.8)
抽搐症 (F95.-)
拔毛症 (F63.3)

K07.5
Dentofacial functional abnormalities
Abnormal jaw closure
Malocclusion due to:
. abnormal swallowing
. mouth breathing
. tongue, lip or finger habits
Excludes: bruxism (F45.8)
teeth-grinding NOS (F45.8)
齿及颜面功能异常
异常之颚闭合
咬合不正肇因於 :
. 异常吞
. 口呼吸
. 舌、唇及指头习惯
不包含 : 磨牙 (F45.8)
其他未明示之磨牙 (F45.8)

K59
Other functional intestinal disorders
Excludes: change in bowel habit NOS (R19.4)
functional disorders of stomach (K31.-)
intestinal malabsorption (K90.-)
psychogenic intestinal disorders (F45.3)
其他功能性肠疾患
不包含 : 其他未明示之排便习惯改变 (R19.4)
胃功能疾患 (K31.-)
肠吸收不良 (K90.-)
心因性的肠疾患 (F45.3)

R19.4
Change in bowel habit
Excludes: constipation(K59.0)
functional diarrhoea(K59.1)
排便习惯改变
不包含 : 便秘 (K59.0)
功能性腹泻 (K59.1)

Z59.4
Lack of adequate food
Excludes:effects of hunger (T73.0)
inappropriate diet or eating habits (Z72.4)
malnutrition (E40-E46)
食物短缺
不包含 : 饿的影响 (T73.0)
不当的饮食或进食习惯 (Z72.4)
营养不良 (E40-E64)

Z72.4
Inappropriate diet and eating habits
Excludes: behavioural eating disorders of infancy or childhood (F98.2-F98.3)
eating disorders (F50.-)
lack of adequate food (Z59.4)
malnutrition and other nutritional deficiencies (E40-E64)
不适当的饮食及进食习惯
不包含 : 婴儿期或儿童期之饮食行为疾患 (F98.2-F98.3)
饮食疾患 (F50.-) (Z59.4)
缺乏适当的食物 (Z59.4)
营养不良及其他营养缺乏 (E40-E64)

crystal habit 晶癖


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