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German [ 'dʒə:mən] a.德国的 n.德国人

German ['dʒə:mən] a. 德国(人)的,德语的 n. 德国人,德语

I'd like to know the exchange rate for German marks.
我想知道德国马克的兑换率。

German measles 风疹

German shepherd 牧羊犬,狼犬

德语语言文学 German Language and Literature

The front of the car sported a German flag.
车的前部挂着一面德国旗帜。

Jack was working at his German.
杰克正学习德语。

A German scientist interrupted me and asked if I came from China.
一位德国科学家打断了我,并问我是否来自中国。

I know a little German.
我懂一点儿德语。

It's more useful to learn modern languages, such as English and German, than Latin.
学习英语和德语等现代语言比学习拉丁语更为有用。

The German quotation is lower than yours.
德国报价比你们的低。

Distance- gain- size-German AVG 距离- 增益- 尺寸(DGS德文为AVG)

A I’ve got another friend coming in about 10 minutes. He’s coming direct from work, but he’ll be here soon.
A 10分钟以后我还有一个朋友要来。他下班以后直接过来,但是他很快就会到了。
B Who is he? Have we met him before?
B 他是谁?我们以前见过他吗?
A No, I don’t think so. He’s someone who works with me. A German guy.
A 不,我想你们没见过。他是我的同事。一个德国人。
B It’s always good to meet your friends.
B 见到你的朋友总是很高兴。
A Look, here he is – he’s early. Let me introduce him. This is Karl. He’s from Frankfurt.
A 看,他来了——他早到了。让我来介绍他。这是卡尔。他从法兰克福来。

A That’s a great car. What make is it?
A 那是一辆漂亮的小汽车。是什么牌的?
B It’s Japanese, I think. It’s a Toyota.
B 我想是日本产的。是丰田牌的。
A It looks not bad. I wonder how expensive it is.
A 看起来不错。我想知道它有多贵。
B I’m not sure. Some Japanese cars are quite reasonable prices. Some Korean ones too.
B 我不清楚。有些日本车价格很合理,有些韩国车也一样。
A Yes, maybe. I really prefer German cars.
A 是的,也许是的。我更喜欢德国车。
B Mercedes, Audis, BMWs. They’re fantastic cars, but very expensive.
B 像梅赛德斯、奥迪、宝马。它们都是很棒的车,但是非常昂贵。

Man errs so long as he strives.
Johann Wolfgang Goethe, German poet and dramatist
人只要奋斗就会犯错误。德国诗人、
剧作家歌德.J M.

There is no royal road to science,and only those who do not dread the fatiguing climb of its steep paths have a chance of gaining its luminous summits.
Karl Marx, German revolutionary
在科学上没有平坦的大道,只有不畏劳苦沿着其崎岖之路攀登的人,才有希望达到它光辉的顶点。
德国革命家马克恩.K.

If you would go up high, then use your own legs! Do not let yourselves carried aloft; do not seat yourselves on other people's backs and heads.
F. W. Nietzsche, German Philosopher
如果你想走到高处,就要使用自己的两条腿!不要让别人把你抬到高处;不要坐在别人的背上和头上。

The important thing in life is to have a great aim, and the determination to attain it.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet and dramatist
人生重要的事情是确定一个伟大的目标,并决心实现它。
德国诗人、戏剧家歌德.J. W.

Ordinary people merely think how they shall spend their time;a man of talent tries to use it.
Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosoher
普通人只想到如何度过时间,有才能的人设法利用时间。
德国哲学家叔本华A.

A man who is never satisfied with himself and whom therefore nobody can please.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , German poet
人要是从来不满意自己,就不会有人能够使他满意。
德国诗人歌德.J.W.

Anticipating pleasure is also a pleasure.
Friedrich Schiller.German dramatist and plet
预期快乐本身也是一种快乐。
德国剧作家、诗人席勒.F.

It is a curious fact that in bad days we can very vividly recall the good time that is now no more; but that in good days we have only a very cold and imperfect memory of the bad.
Arthur Schopenharer, German philosopher
奇怪得很,人们在倒楣的时候,总会清晰地回忆已经逝去快乐时光,但是在得意的时候,对恶运时光只保有一种淡漠而不完全的记忆。
德国哲学家叔本华.A.

Work while you work; play while you play; This is the way to be cheerful and gay.
Richard Stoddart, Averican poet
拼命地干,尽情地玩;如此这般,定能欢乐。
美国诗人斯托达德.R.
伦理篇ETHICS
A light heart can bear everything.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet
轻松愉快的心情能够忍受一切。
德国诗人歌德.J.W 

Morality is not really the doctrine of how to make ourselves happy but of how we are to be worthy of happiness.
Immanuel Kant, German Philosopher
道德确实不是指导人们如何使自己幸福的教条,而是指导人们如何配享有幸福的学说。
德国哲学家康德.I.

Morality is the herd instinct in the individual.
German Philosopher
道德是个人心目中的群居本能。
德国哲学家尼采.F.

Be not angry that you cannot make others as you wish them to be, since you cannot make yourself as you wish to be.
Thomas Mann, German writer
不要由于别人不能成为你所希望的人而愤怒,因为你自己也不能成为自己所希望的人。
德国作家托马斯?曼

Beauty gains little, and homeliness and deformity lose much , by gaudy attire.
Arthur Zimmermann, German diplomat
华丽的衣着增添不了多少美丽,也颇能掩饰丑陋与畸型。
德国外交家齐默尔曼.A.

Genius is formed in quiet, character in the strenm of life.
ohann Wolfgang German poet
天才形成于平静中,性格来自于生活的激流。
德国诗人歌德.J.W.

The noble soul has reverence for itself.
Heinrich Gotthard Treitschke, German historian
灵魂高尚的人必自尊。
德国历史学家特赖奇克.H.G.

Grammar must be learned through language, and not language through grammar.
Johann G. Herdor, German philosopher
必须从语言中学习语法,而不是从语法中学习语言。
德国哲学家赫尔德.J.G.

You will never have what you like until you learn to like what you have .
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet
在学会喜欢你已有的东西以前,你永远不会得到你喜欢的东西。
德国诗人歌德.J.W.

He is the happiest ,be he King or peasant , who finds peace in his home.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German dramstist and poet
无论是国王还是农夫,家庭和睦是最幸福的。
德国剧作家、诗人歌德. J.W.

God will pardon me, it is his trade.
Heinrich Heine, German writer
上帝会原谅我的,这是他的职业。
德国作家海涅.H.

Riligion is the opirm of the pople.
Karl Marx, German revolutionary
宗教是麻醉人民的鸦片。
德国革命家马克思.K.

The two great European narcotics:alcohol and Christianity.
Friedrich Nietzxche ,German philosopher
两种最厉害的欧洲麻醉剂是:烈性酒和基督教。
德国哲学家尼采F.

Action springs not from thought, but from a readiness for
responsibility.
Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologian  
行动并不来自思想,而是来自愿意承担责任。
德国神学家邦赫费尔. D . 

Behavior is a mirror in which everyone shows his image.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet and dramatist 
行为是一面镜子,每个人都把自己的形象显现于其中。
德国诗人、剧作家歌德.J . W . 

Everything can be taken from a man but one thing; the freedom to choose his attitude in any given set of circumstances.
Leonhard Frand ,German novelist
我可以拿走人的任何东西,但有一样东西不行,这就是在特定环境下选择自己的生活态度的自由。
德国小说家弗兰克L

One who loves not wine, woman and song, remains a fool his whole life long.
Martin Luther, German religious reformer
谁不爱酒、女人和歌,谁毕生准是傻瓜。
德国宗教改革家路德M

Dancing in all its forms cannot be excluded from the curriculum of all noble education: dancing with the feet, with ideas, with works, and ,need I add that one must also be able to dance with the pen?
Friedrich W.Nietzsche, German philosopher 
所有高尚教育的课程表里都不能没有各种形式的跳舞:用脚跳舞,用思想跳舞,用言语跳舞,不用说,还需用笔跳舞。
德国哲学家尼采F W 

Art is the right hand of nature. The latter only gave us being, but the former made us men .
Friedrich Schiller, German poet 
艺术是自然的右手。自然只让我们存在,而艺术创造我们的人类。
德国诗人席勒F 

The decline of literature indicates the decline of a nation ; the two keep in their downwad tendency.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe German poet 
文学的衰落表明一个民族的衰落。这两者走下坡路的时候是齐头并进的。
德国诗人歌德J W 

Words have a magical power. They can bring either the greatest happiness or deepest despair; can transfer knowledge from teacher to students words enable the orator to sway his audience and dictate its decisions .Words are capable of arousing the strongest emotions and prompting all man's actions , Do not ridicule the use of words in psychotherapy.
Sigmund Freud, German Psychiatrist 
言辞具有不可思议的力量。他们能带来最大的幸福,也能带来最深的失望;能把知识从教师传给学生;言辞能使演说者左右他的听众,,并强行代替他们作出决定。言辞能激起最大强烈的情感,促进人的一切行动。不要嘲笑言辞在心理治疗当中的的用途。
德国精神分析学家弗洛伊德S 

Go on , get out ----- last words are for fools who haven't said enough.
Karl Marx , German revolutionary
来吧,滚开,遗言是为那些没有说够话的愚人准备的。
德国革命家马克思.K.

God will pardon me , that's his line of work.
Heinrich Heine, German poet
上帝会原谅我的,这是他的职业。
德国诗人海涅H.

"The retreating German army tried to blow up all the bridges across the Rhine river to stop the Allied troops from crossing into Germany."
“正在撤退的德国军队设法炸毁莱茵河上所有的桥梁来阻挡联军越过莱茵河进入德国。”

Countries 国家 Nationalities:国籍
China / 中国 Chinese / 中国人
America / 美国 American /美国人
Britain / 英国 British / 英国人
Canada /加拿大 Canadian / 加拿大人
Australia / 澳大利亚 Australian / 澳大利亚人
Germany / 德国 German / 德国人
France / 法国 French / 法国人
Spain / 西班牙 Spanish / 西班牙人
Italy / 意大利 Italian / 意大利人
Korea / 韩国 Korean /韩国人
Japan / 日本 Japanese / 日本人

德国 [dé guó] /Germany/German/

德国麻疹 [dé guó má zhěn] /German measles/rubella/

德国人 [dé guó rén] /German person or people/

德文 [dé wén] /German (language)/

德语 [dé yǔ] /German (language)/

歌德 [gē dé] /Goethe (German poet & dramatist)/

汉堡 [hàn bǎo] /Hamburg (German city)/(loan.) hamburger/

科尔 [kē ěr] /(Helmut) Kohl (German chancellor)/

拉贝 [lā bèi] /(John) Rabe (German eyewitness to Nanjing massacre)/

拉青格 [lā qīng gé] /Ratzinger (German surname of pope Benedictus XVI)/

黎曼 [lí màn] /G.B.F. Riemann, German geometer/

约翰拉贝 [yuē hàn lā bèi] /John Rabe (German eyewitness to Nanjing massacre)/

When the United States built its industrials infrastructure, it didn't have the capital to do so.
And that is why America's Second Wave infrastructure — including roads, harbors, highways, ports and so on — were built with foreign investment.
当初美国建设自己的工业基础设施时,缺乏必要的资金,因此美国的第二次浪潮基础设施——包括公路、港口,高速公路、港口城市等等——都是用国外资金建造的。
The English, the Germans, the Dutch and the French were investing in Britain's former colony.
英国人、德国人、荷兰人和法国人都在前英国殖民地投资。
They financed them. Immigrant Americans built them.
他们提供资金,美洲移民建造。
Guess who owns them now? The Americans.
想想看,现在谁拥有这一切?美国人。

{adj: East German} relating to or characteristic of East Germany
"East German spies"

{adj: German, Germanic, Teutonic} of a more or less German nature; somewhat German
"Germanic peoples"
"his Germanic nature"
"formidable volumes Teutonic in their thoroughness"

{adj: German-American} of or relating to or characteristic of German Americans

{adj: German-speaking} able to communicate in German

{adj: Germanic} of or relating to the language of Germans
"the Germanic sound shifts"

{adj: German} of or pertaining to or characteristic of Germany or its people or language
"German philosophers"
"German universities"
"German literature"

{adj: Gothic} characteristic of the style of type commonly used for printing German

{adj: Old} of a very early stage in development
"Old English is also called Anglo Saxon"
"Old High German is High German from the middle of the 9th to the end of the 11th century"

{adj: Teutonic, Germanic} of or pertaining to the ancient Teutons or their languages
"Teutonic peoples such as Germans and Scandinavians and British"
"Germanic mythology"

{adj: guttural} relating to or articulated in the throat
"the glottal stop and uvular `r' and `ch' in German `Bach' are guttural sounds"

{adj: inflected} showing alteration in form (especially by the addition of affixes)
"`boys' and `swam' are inflected English words"
"German is an inflected language"
<-> uninflected

{adv: defensively} in a defensive manner
"the general conviction that our side is in the right and acting defensively over what Russians call the German question and Americans the Berlin crisis"
<-> offensively

{adv: dismally, drearily} in a cheerless manner
"in August 1914 , there was a dismally sentimental little dinner, when the French, German, Austrian and Belgian members of the committee drank together to the peace of the future"

{n: Adenauer, Konrad Adenauer} German statesman; chancellor of West Germany (1876-1967)

{n: Arminius, Armin, Hermann} German hero; leader at the battle of Teutoburger Wald in AD 9 (circa 18 BC - AD 19)

{n: Ashkenazi} a Jew of eastern European or German descent

{n: Bach, Johann Sebastian Bach} German baroque organist and contrapuntist; composed mostly keyboard music; one of the greatest creators of Western music (1685-1750)

{n: Baedeker, Karl Baedeker} German publisher of a series of travel guidebooks (1801-1859)

{n: Battle of Britain} the prolonged bombardment of British cities by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and the aerial combat that accompanied it

{n: Battle of the Marne, Belleau Wood, Chateau-Thierry, Marne River} a World War I battle in northwestern France where the Allies defeated the Germans in 1918

{n: Bauhaus} a German style of architecture begun by Walter Gropius in 1918

{n: Beethoven, van Beethoven, Ludwig van Beethoven} German composer of instrumental music (especially symphonic and chamber music); continued to compose after he lost his hearing (1770-1827)

{n: Behrens, Peter Behrens} German architect known for his simple utilitarian factory buildings (1868-1940)

{n: Berlin, German capital} capital of Germany located in eastern Germany

{n: Bessel, Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel} German mathematician and astronomer who made accurate measurements of stellar distances and who predicted the existence on an 8th planet (1784-1846)

{n: Bismarck, von Bismarck, Otto von Bismarck, Prince Otto von Bismarck, Prince Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck, Iron Chancellor} German statesman under whose leadership Germany was united (1815-1898)

{n: Boehme, Jakob Boehme, Bohme, Jakob Bohme, Boehm, Jakob Boehm, Behmen, Jakob Behmen} German mystic and theosophist who founded modern theosophy; influenced George Fox (1575-1624)

{n: Boll, Heinrich Boll, Heinrich Theodor Boll} German novelist and writer of short stories (1917-1985)

{n: Bonhoeffer, Dietrich Bonhoeffer} German Lutheran theologian and pastor whose works concern Christianity in the modern world; an active opponent of Nazism, he was arrested and sent to Buchenwald and later executed (1906-1945)

{n: Brahms, Johannes Brahms} German composer who developed the romantic style of both lyrical and classical music (1833-1897)

{n: Brandt, Willy Brandt} German statesman who as chancellor of West Germany worked to reduce tensions with eastern Europe (1913-1992)

{n: Braun, Eva Braun} the German mistress of Adolf Hitler (1910-1945)

{n: Brecht, Bertolt Brecht} German dramatist and poet who developed a style of epic theater (1898-1956)

{n: Bruch, Max Bruch} German composer (1838-1920)

{n: Buchner, Eduard Buchner} German organic chemist who studied alcoholic fermentation and discovered zymase (1860-1917)

{n: Bunsen, Robert Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm Bunsen} German chemist who with Kirchhoff pioneered spectrum analysis but is remembered mainly for his invention of the Bunsen burner (1811-1899)

{n: Caporetto, battle of Caporetto} battle of World War I (1917); Italians were defeated by the Austrian and German forces

{n: Cassirer, Ernst Cassirer} German philosopher concerned with concept formation in the human mind and with symbolic forms in human culture generally (1874-1945)

{n: Cavell, Edith Cavell, Edith Louisa Cavell} English nurse who remained in Brussels after the German occupation in order to help Allied prisoners escape; was caught and executed by the Germans (1865-1915)

{n: Church of the Brethren, Dunkers, Dippers} a Baptist denomination founded in 1708 by Americans of German descent; opposed to military service and taking legal oaths; practiced trine immersion

{n: Cohn, Ferdinand Julius Cohn} German botanist who is generally recognized as founding bacteriology when he recognized bacteria as plants

{n: Daimler, Gottlieb Daimler} German engineer and automobile manufacturer who produced the first high-speed internal combustion engine (1834-1900)

{n: Delairea, genus Delairea} one species: German ivy

{n: Diesel, Rudolf Diesel, Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel} German engineer (born in France) who invented the diesel engine (1858-1913)

{n: Doberman, Doberman pinscher} medium large breed of dog of German origin with a glossy black and tan coat; used as a watchdog

{n: Durer, Albrecht Durer} a leading German painter and engraver of the Renaissance (1471-1528)

{n: East Germany, German Democratic Republic} a republic in north central Europe on the Baltic; established by the Soviet Union in 1954; reunified with West Germany in 1990

{n: East German} a native or inhabitant of the former republic of East Germany

{n: Eck, Johann Eck, Johann Maier Eck, Johann Maier} a German Roman Catholic theologian who was an indefatigable opponent of Martin Luther (1486-1543)

{n: Eckhart, Johannes Eckhart, Meister Eckhart} German Roman Catholic theologian and mystic (1260-1327)

{n: Ehrlich, Paul Ehrlich} German bacteriologist who found a `magic bullet' to cure syphilis and was a pioneer in the study of immunology (1854-1915)

{n: Eigen, Manfred Eigen} German chemist who did research on high-speed chemical reactions (born in 1927)

{n: El Alamein, Al Alamayn, Battle of El Alamein} a pitched battle in World War II (1942) resulting in a decisive Allied victory by British troops under Montgomery over German troops under Rommel

{n: El Alamein} a village west of Alexandria on the north coast of Egypt; the scene of a decisive Allied victory over the Germans in 1942

{n: Elector} any of the German princes who were entitled to vote in the election of new emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

{n: Erlenmeyer, Richard August Carl Emil Erlenmeyer} German chemist (1825-1909)

{n: Fahrenheit, Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit} German physicist who invented the mercury thermometer and developed the scale of temperature that bears his name (1686-1736)

{n: Faust, Faustus} an alchemist of German legend who sold his soul to Mephistopheles in exchange for knowledge

{n: Fechner, Gustav Theodor Fechner} German physicist who founded psychophysics; derived Fechner's law on the basis of early work by E. H. Weber (1801-1887)

{n: Fischer, Emil Hermann Fischer} German chemist noted for work on synthetic sugars and the purines (1852-1919)

{n: Fischer, Hans Fischer} German chemist noted for his synthesis of hemin (1881-1945)

{n: Florentine iris, orris, Iris germanica florentina, Iris florentina} German iris having large white flowers with lavender-tinged falls and a fragrant rhizome

{n: Franco-Prussian War} a war between France and Prussia that ended the Second Empire in France and led to the founding of the German empire; 1870-1871

{n: Frankfurt on the Main, Frankfurt, Frankfort} a German city; an industrial and commercial and financial center

{n: Fraulein} a German courtesy title or form of address for an unmarried woman

{n: Frau} a German courtesy title or form of address for an adult woman

{n: Free French, Fighting French} a French movement during World War II that was organized in London by Charles de Gaulle to fight for the liberation of France from German control and for the restoration of the republic

{n: Froebel, Friedrich Froebel, Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel} German educator who founded the kindergarten system (1782-1852)

{n: Gauss, Karl Gauss, Karl Friedrich Gauss} German mathematician who developed the theory of numbers and who applied mathematics to electricity and magnetism and astronomy and geodesy (1777-1855)

{n: Geiger, Hans Geiger} German physicist who developed the Geiger counter (1882-1945)

{n: George, George V} King of Great Britain and Ireland and emperor of India from 1910 to 1936; gave up his German title in 1917 during World War I (1865-1936)

{n: German American} an American who was born in Germany or whose ancestors were German

{n: German cockroach, Croton bug, crotonbug, water bug, Blattella germanica} small light-brown cockroach brought to United States from Europe; a common household pest

{n: German iris, Iris germanica} a large iris with purple or white flowers, native to central and southern Europe

{n: German iris, Iris kochii} iris of northern Italy having deep blue-purple flowers; similar to but smaller than Iris germanica

{n: German ivy, Delairea odorata, Senecio milkanioides} South African succulent evergreen twining climber with yellow flowers grown primarily as a houseplant for its foliage; sometimes placed in genus Senecio

{n: German lesson} instruction in the German language

{n: German measles, rubella, three-day measles, epidemic roseola} a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester

{n: German millet, golden wonder millet, Setaria italica stramineofructa} millet having yellow grains in large drooping spikes

{n: German monetary unit} monetary unit in Germany

{n: German shepherd, German shepherd dog, German police dog, alsatian} breed of large shepherd dogs used in police work and as a guide for the blind

{n: German short-haired pointer} liver or liver-and-white hunting dog developed in Germany; 3/4 pointer and 1/4 bloodhound

{n: German, High German, German language} the standard German language; developed historically from West Germanic

{n: Germany, Federal Republic of Germany, Deutschland, FRG} a republic in central Europe; split into East German and West Germany after World War II and reunited in 1990

{n: German} a person of German nationality

{n: Gluck, Christoph Willibald von Gluck} German composer of more than 100 operas (1714-1787)

{n: Goebbels, Joseph Goebbels, Paul Joseph Goebbels} German propaganda minister in Nazi Germany who persecuted the Jews (1897-1945)

{n: Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe} German poet and novelist and dramatist who lived in Weimar (1749-1832)

{n: Goring, Goering, Hermann Goring, Hermann Goering, Hermann Wilhelm Goring} German politician in Nazi Germany who founded the Gestapo and mobilized Germany for war (1893-1946)

{n: Graf, Steffi Graf, Stephanie Graf} German tennis player who won seven women's singles titles at Wimbledon (born in 1969)

{n: Grass, Gunter Grass, Gunter Wilhelm Grass} German writer of novels and poetry and plays (born 1927)

{n: Grimm's law} a sound law relating German consonants and consonants in other Indo-European languages

{n: Gutenberg, Johann Gutenberg, Johannes Gutenberg} German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)

{n: Haber, Fritz Haber} German chemist noted for the synthetic production of ammonia from the nitrogen in air (1868-1934)

{n: Habsburg, Hapsburg} a royal German family that provided rulers for several European states and wore the crown of the Holy Roman Empire from 1440 to 1806

{n: Haeckel, Ernst Heinrich Haeckel} German biologist and philosopher; advocated Darwinism and formulated the theory of recapitulation; was an exponent of materialistic monism (1834-1919)

{n: Hahn, Otto Hahn} German chemist who was co-discoverer with Lise Meitner of nuclear fission (1879-1968)

{n: Harris, Bomber Harris, Sir Arthur Travers Harris} British marshal of the Royal Air Force; during World War II he directed mass bombing raids against German cities that resulted in heavy civilian casualties (1892-1984)

{n: Hebbel, Friedrich Hebbel, Christian Friedrich Hebbel} German dramatist (1813-1863)

{n: Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel} German philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)

{n: Heidegger, Martin Heidegger} German philosopher whose views on human existence in a world of objects and on Angst influenced the existential philosophers (1889-1976)

{n: Heisenberg, Werner Karl Heisenberg} German mathematical physicist noted for stating the uncertainty principle (1901-1976)

{n: Helmholtz, Hermann von Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz, Baron Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz} German physiologist and physicist (1821-1894)

{n: Henry IV} king of the Germans and Holy Roman Emperor (1050-1106)

{n: Henry VII} king of the Germans and Holy Roman Emperor (1275-1313)

{n: Herbart, Johann Friedrich Herbart} German philosopher (1776-1841)

{n: Herder, Johann Gottfried von Herder} German philosopher who advocated intuition over reason (1744-1803)

{n: Herr} a German courtesy title or form of address for a man

{n: Herr} a German man; used before the name as a title equivalent to Mr in English

{n: Hertz, Gustav Hertz, Gustav Ludwig Hertz} German physicist who with James Franck proved the existence of the stationary energy states postulated by Bohr (1887-1975)

{n: Hertz, Heinrich Hertz, Heinrich Rudolph Hertz} German physicist who was the first to produce electromagnetic waves artificially (1857-1894)

{n: Heyse, Paul Heyse, Paul Johann Ludwig von Heyse} German writer (1830-1914)

{n: Hilbert, David Hilbert} German mathematician (1862-1943)

{n: Himmler, Heinrich Himmler} German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)

{n: Hindemith, Paul Hindemith} German neoclassical composer and conductor who believed that music should have a social purpose (1895-1963)

{n: Hindenburg, Paul von Hindenburg, Paul Ludwig von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg} German field marshal and statesman; as president of the Weimar Republic he reluctantly appointed Hitler as chancellor in 1933 (1847-1934)

{n: Hitler, Adolf Hitler, Der Fuhrer} German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)

{n: Hoffmann, August Wilhelm von Hoffmann} German chemist (1818-1892)

{n: Hoffmann, E. T. A. Hoffmann, Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann, Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann} German writer of fantastic tales (1776-1822)

{n: Hoffmannsthal, Hugo von Hoffmannsthal} German poet who wrote libretti for operas by Richard Strauss (1874-1929)

{n: Hohenzollern} a German noble family that ruled Brandenburg and Prussia

{n: Holbein, Hans Holbein, Holbein the Elder} German painter of religious works (1465-1524)

{n: Holbein, Hans Holbein, Holbein the Younger} German painter and engraver noted for his portraits; he was commissioned by Henry VIII to provide portraits of the English king's prospective brides (1497-1543)

{n: Humboldt, Baron Alexander von Humboldt, Baron Friedrich Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt} German naturalist who explored Central and South America and provided a comprehensive description of the physical universe (1769-1859)

{n: Humboldt, Baron Wilhelm von Humboldt, Baron Karl Wilhelm von Humboldt} German philologist noted for his studies of the relation between language and culture (1767-1835)

{n: Humperdinck, Engelbert Humperdinck} German composer of six operas and other incidental music (1854-1921)

{n: Husserl, Edmund Husserl} German philosopher who developed phenomenology (1859-1938)

{n: Jacobi, Karl Gustav Jacob Jacobi} German mathematician (1804-1851)

{n: Jaspers, Karl Jaspers, Karl Theodor Jaspers} German psychiatrist (1883-1969)

{n: Junkers, Hugo Junkers} German aircraft engineer who designed the first all-metal airplane (1859-1935)

{n: Jutland, battle of Jutland} an indecisive naval battle in World War I (1916); fought between the British and German fleets off the northwestern coast of Denmark

{n: Kafka, Franz Kafka} Czech novelist who wrote in German about a nightmarish world of isolated and troubled individuals (1883-1924)

{n: Kant, Immanuel Kant} influential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804)

{n: Kekule, Friedrich August Kekule, Friedrich August Kekule von Stradonitz} German chemist remembered for his discovery of the ring structure of benzene (1829-1896)

{n: Kepler, Johannes Kepler, Johan Kepler} German astronomer who first stated laws of planetary motion (1571-1630)

{n: King of the Germans} the sovereign ruler of the Germans

{n: Kirchhoff, G. R. Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert Kirchhoff} German physicist who with Bunsen pioneered spectrum analysis and formulated two laws governing electric networks (1824-1887)

{n: Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner} German expressionist painter (1880-1938)

{n: Klaproth, Martin Heinrich Klaproth} German chemist who pioneered analytical chemistry and discovered three new elements (1743-1817)

{n: Klein, Felix Klein} German mathematician who created the Klein bottle (1849-1925)

{n: Kleist, Heinrich von Kleist, Bernd Heinrich Wilhelm von Kleist} German dramatist whose works concern people torn between reason and emotion (1777-1811)

{n: Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock} German poet (1724-1803)

{n: Koch, Robert Koch} German bacteriologist who isolated the anthrax bacillus and the tubercle bacillus and the cholera bacillus (1843-1910)

{n: Krafft-Ebing, Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Baron Richard von Krafft-Ebing} German neurologist noted for his studies of sexual deviance (1840-1902)

{n: Kraut, Krauthead, Boche, Jerry, Hun} offensive terms for a person of German descent

{n: Kronecker, Leopold Kronecker} German mathematician (1823-1891)

{n: Krupp, Alfred Krupp} German arms manufacturer and son of Friedrich Krupp; his firm provided ordinance for German armies from the 1840s through World War II (1812-1887)

{n: Krupp, Friedrich Krupp} German industrialist who manufactured steel in Essen (1787-1826)

{n: Leibniz, Leibnitz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz} German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)

{n: Lenard, Philipp Lenard} German physicist who studied cathode rays (1862-1947)

{n: Leo IX, Bruno, Bruno of Toul} German pope from 1049 to 1054 whose papacy was the beginning of papal reforms in the 11th century (1002-1054)

{n: Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing} German playwright and leader of the Enlightenment (1729-1781)

{n: Lorelei} a Siren of German legend who lured boatmen in the Rhine to destruction

{n: Louis II, Louis le Begue, Louis the Stammerer, Louis the German} king of France and Germany (846-879)

{n: Low German, Plattdeutsch} a German dialect spoken in northern Germany

{n: Lubitsch, Ernst Lubitsch} German filmmaker of sophisticated comedies (1892-1947)

{n: Luftwaffe, German Luftwaffe} the German airforce

{n: Luger} a German semiautomatic pistol

{n: Luther, Martin Luther} German theologian who led the Reformation; believed that salvation is granted on the basis of faith rather than deeds (1483-1546)

{n: Maginot Line} a fortification built before World War II to protect France's eastern border; initially considered to be impregnable it was easily overrun by the Germans in 1940

{n: Mann, Thomas Mann} German writer concerned about the role of the artist in bourgeois society (1875-1955)

{n: Maquis} the French underground that fought against the German occupation in World War II

{n: Mata Hari, Margarete Gertrud Zelle} Dutch dancer who was executed by the French as a German spy in World War I (1876-1917)

{n: Mauser, von Mauser, P. P. von Mauser, Peter Paul Mauser} German arms manufacturer and inventor of a repeating rifle and pistol (1838-1914)

{n: Meissner, Fritz W. Meissner} German physicist (1882-1974)

{n: Meissner, Georg Meissner} German anatomist (1829-1905)

{n: Melanchthon, Philipp Melanchthon, Philipp Schwarzerd} German theologian and Luther's successor as leader of the Reformation in Germany (1497-1560)

{n: Mendelsohn, Erich Mendelsohn} German architect who migrated to Palestine in 1937 (1887-1953)

{n: Mendelssohn, Felix Mendelssohn, Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy} German musician and romantic composer of orchestral and choral works (1809-1847)

{n: Meuse, Meuse River, Argonne, Argonne Forest, Meuse-Argonne, Meuse-Argonne operation} an American operation in World War I (1918); American troops under Pershing drove back the German armies which were saved only by the armistice on November 11

{n: Meyerbeer, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Jakob Liebmann Beer} German composer of operas in a style that influenced Richard Wagner (1791-1864)

{n: Middle High German} High German from 1100 to 1500

{n: Middle Low German} Low German from 1100 to 1500

{n: Minkowski, Hermann Minkowski} German mathematician (born in Russia) who suggested the concept of four-dimensional space-time (1864-1909)

{n: Mobius, August F. Mobius, August Ferdinand Mobius} German mathematician responsible for the Mobius strip (1790-1868)

{n: Mommsen, Theodor Mommsen} German historian noted for his history of Rome (1817-1903)

{n: Moselle} German white wine from the Moselle valley or a similar wine made elsewhere

{n: Mossbauer, Rudolf Ludwig Mossbauer} German physicist (born in 1929)

{n: Muller, Johann Muller, Regiomontanus} German mathematician and astronomer (1436-1476)

{n: Muller, Johannes Peter Muller} German physiologist and anatomist (1801-1858)

{n: Munchhausen, Karl Friedrich Hieronymus von Munchhausen, Munchausen, Baron Munchausen} German raconteur who told preposterous stories about his adventures as a soldier and hunter; his name is now associated with any telling of exaggerated stories or winning lies (1720-1797)

{n: National Socialist German Workers' Party, Nazi Party} the political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933

{n: Nazi, German Nazi} a German member of Adolf Hitler's political party

{n: Nernst, Walther Hermann Nernst} German physicist and chemist who formulated the third law of thermodynamics (1864-1941)

{n: Nibelungenlied} an epic poem written in Middle High German and based on the legends of Siegfried and Teutonic kings

{n: Nibelung} (German mythology) a companion or follower of Siegfried

{n: Nibelung} (German mythology) any of the race of dwarfs who possessed a treasure hoard that was stolen by Siegfried

{n: Niebuhr, Barthold George Niebuhr} German historian noted for his critical approach to sources and for his history of Rome (1776-1831)

{n: Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche} influential German philosopher remembered for his concept of the superman and for his rejection of Christian values; considered, along with Kierkegaard, to be a founder of existentialism (1844-1900)

{n: Noether, Emmy Noether} German mathematician (1882-1935)

{n: Ohm, Georg Simon Ohm} German physicist who formulated Ohm's law (1787-1854)

{n: Oken, Lorenz Oken, Okenfuss, Lorenz Okenfuss} German naturalist whose speculations that plants and animals are made up of tiny living `infusoria' led to the cell theory (1779-1851)

{n: Old Catholic} a member of the church formed in the 19th century by German Catholics who refused to accept the infallibility of the Pope

{n: Old High German} High German prior to 1200

{n: Old Prussian} a dead language of the (non-German) Prussians (extinct after 1700); thought to belong to the Baltic branch of Indo-European

{n: Old Saxon} Low German prior to 1200

{n: Opel, Wilhelm von Opel} German industrialist who was the first in Germany to use an assembly line in manufacturing automobiles (1871-1948)

{n: Orff, Carl Orff} German musician who developed a widely used system for teaching music to children (1895-1982)

{n: Ostwald, Wilhelm Ostwald} German chemist (1853-1932)

{n: Otto I, Otho I, Otto the Great} King of the Germans and Holy Roman Emperor (912-973)

{n: Pennsylvania Dutch} a dialect of High German spoken in parts of Pennsylvania and Maryland

{n: Pied Piper, Pied Piper of Hamelin} the title character in a German folk tale and in a poem by Robert Browning

{n: Pietism} 17th and 18th-century German movement in the Lutheran Church stressing personal piety and devotion

{n: Planck, Max Planck, Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck} German physicist whose explanation of blackbody radiation in the context of quantized energy emissions initiated quantum theory (1858-1947)

{n: Prussia, Preussen} a former kingdom in north-central Europe including present-day northern Germany and northern Poland
"in the 19th century Prussia led the economic and political unification of the German states"

{n: Prussian} a German inhabitant of Prussia

{n: Reich} the German state

{n: Reiter, Hans Conrad Julius Reiter} German bacteriologist who described a disease now known as Reiter's syndrome and who identified the spirochete that causes syphilis in humans (1881-1969)

{n: Rheims, Reims} a city in northeastern France east of Paris; scene of the coronation of most French kings; site of the unconditional German surrender in 1945 at the end of World War II

{n: Rilke, Rainer Maria Rilke} German poet (born in Austria) whose imagery and mystic lyricism influenced 20th-century German literature (1875-1926)

{n: Roentgen, Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen, Rontgen, Wilhelm Konrad Rontgen} German physicist who discovered x-rays and developed roentgenography (1845-1923)

{n: Rommel, Erwin Rommel, Desert Fox} German field marshal noted for brilliant generalship in North Africa during World War II (1891-1944)

{n: Rottweiler} German breed of large vigorous short-haired cattle dogs

{n: Rundstedt, von Rundstedt, Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt} German field marshal in World War II who directed the conquest of Poland and led the Ardennes counteroffensive (1875-1953)

{n: Rwanda, Rwandese Republic, Ruanda} a landlocked republic in central Africa; formerly a German colony

{n: Salic law} the code of laws of the Salian Franks and other German tribes

{n: Saxe-Coburg-Gotha} the name of the royal family that ruled Great Britain from 1901-1917; the name was changed to Windsor in 1917 in response to anti-German feelings in World War I

{n: Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller} German romantic writer (1759-1805)

{n: Schleiden, Matthias Schleiden, M. J. Schleiden} German physiologist and histologist who in 1838 formulated the cell theory (1804-1881)

{n: Schliemann, Heinrich Schliemann} German archaeologist who discovered nine superimposed city sites of Troy; he also excavated Mycenae (1822-1890)

{n: Schmidt, Helmut Schmidt, Helmut Heinrich Waldemar Schmidt} German statesman who served as chancellor of Germany (born in 1918)

{n: Schonbein, Christian Schonbein, Christian Friedrich Schonbein} German chemist who discovered ozone and developed guncotton as a propellant in firearms (1799-1868)

{n: Schopenhauer, Arthur Schopenhauer} German pessimist philosopher (1788-1860)

{n: Schumann, Clara Josephine Schumann} German pianist and composer of piano music; renowned for her interpretation of music, especially the music of her husband Robert Schumann (1819-1896)

{n: Schumann, Robert Schumann, Robert Alexander Schumann} German romantic composer known for piano music and songs (1810-1856)

{n: Schwann, Theodor Schwann} German physiologist and histologist who in 1838 and 1839 identified the cell as the basic structure of plant and animal tissue (1810-1882)

{n: Senefelder, Alois Senefelder, Aloys Senefelder} German printer who invented lithography (1771-1834)

{n: Siegfried line} German fortifications facing the Maginot Line

{n: Siegfried} (German mythology) mythical German warrior hero of the Nibelungenlied who takes possession of the accursed treasure of the Nibelungs by slaying the dragon that guards it and awakens Brynhild and is eventually killed; Sigurd is the Norse counterpart

{n: Siemens, Ernst Werner von Siemens} German electrical engineer (1816-1892)

{n: Sigurd} (Norse mythology) mythical Norse warrior hero who gains an accursed hoard of gold and was killed by Brynhild; Siegfried is the German counterpart

{n: Soissons, battle of Soissons-Reims, battle of the Chemin-des-Dames, battle of the Aisne} a battle in World War I (May 1918); the Germans tried to attack before the American numbers were too great to defeat; the tactical success of the Germans proved to be a strategic failure

{n: Spandau} a German machine gun

{n: Speer, Albert Speer} German Nazi architect who worked for Hitler (1905-1981)

{n: Spengler, Oswald Spengler} German philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936)

{n: Steller, Georg Wilhelm Steller} German naturalist (1709-1746)

{n: Strasbourg, Strassburg} city on the Rhine in eastern France near the German border; an inland port

{n: Strauss, Richard Strauss} German composer of many operas; collaborated with librettist Hugo von Hoffmannsthal to produce several operas (1864-1949)

{n: Tannenberg, battle of Tannenberg} a battle in World War I (1914); decisive German victory over the Russians

{n: Telemann, Georg Philipp Telemann} German baroque composer (1681-1767)

{n: Teutoburger Wald, battle of Teutoburger Wald} a battle in 9 AD in which the Germans under Arminius annihilated three Roman Legions

{n: Teutonic deity} (German mythology) a deity worshipped by the ancient Teutons

{n: Teuton} someone (especially a German) who speaks a Germanic language

{n: Tito, Marshal Tito, Josip Broz} Yugoslav statesman who led the resistance to German occupation during World War II and established a communist state after the war (1892-1980)

{n: Treaty of Versailles} the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans

{n: Turing, Alan Turing, Alan Mathison Turing} English mathematician who conceived of the Turing machine and broke German codes during World War II (1912-1954)

{n: Uhland, Johann Ludwig Uhland} German romantic poet (1787-1862)

{n: Verdun, battle of Verdun} a battle in World War I (1916); in some of the bloodiest fighting in World War I the German offensive was stopped

{n: Virchow, Rudolf Virchow, Rudolf Karl Virchow} German pathologist who recognized that all cells come from cells by binary fission and who emphasized cellular abnormalities in disease (1821-1902)

{n: Volapuk} one of the first artificial language constructed for use as an auxiliary international language; based largely on English but with some German and French and Latin roots

{n: Volgograd, Stalingrad, Tsaritsyn} a city in the European part of Russia on the Volga; site of German defeat in World War II in the winter of 1942-43

{n: Wagner, Richard Wagner, Wilhelm Richard Wagner} German composer of operas and inventor of the music drama in which drama and spectacle and music are fused (1813-1883)

{n: Walter, Bruno Walter} German conductor (1876-1962)

{n: Warburg, Aby Warburg, Aby Moritz Warburg} German art historian (1866-1929)

{n: Warburg, Otto Heinrich Warburg} German biochemist who pioneered the use of chemical techniques in biological investigations; noted for studies of cellular respiration (1883-1970)

{n: Wassermann, Agust von Wassermann} German bacteriologist who developed a diagnostic test for syphilis (1866-1925)

{n: Wavell, Archibald Percival Wavell, First Earl Wavell} British field marshal in North Africa in World War II; he defeated the Italians before being defeated by the Germans (1883-1950)

{n: Weber, Carl Maria von Weber, Baron Karl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber} German conductor and composer of romantic operas (1786-1826)

{n: Weber, E. H. Weber, Ernst Heinrich Weber} German physiologist who studied sensory responses to stimuli and is considered the father of psychophysics (1795-1878)

{n: Weber, Max Weber} German sociologist and pioneer of the analytic method in sociology (1864-1920)

{n: Weber, Wilhelm Eduard Weber} German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804-1891)

{n: Wegener, Alfred Lothar Wegener} German geophysicist who proposed the theory of continental drift (1880-1930)

{n: Weill, Kurt Weill} German composer; collaborated with Bertolt Brecht (1900-1950)

{n: Weimar Republic} the German republic founded at Weimar in 1919
"The Weimar Republic was overthrown in 1933 and replaced by the Third Reich"

{n: Weimar} a German city near Leipzig; scene of the adoption in 1919 of the constitution of the Weimar Republic that lasted until 1933

{n: Weismann, August Friedrich Leopold Weismann} German biologist who was one of the founders of modern genetics; his theory of genetic transmission ruled out the possibility of transmitting acquired characteristics (1834-1914)

{n: Weizenbock} a German wheat beer of bock strength

{n: Wernicke, Karl Wernicke} German neurologist best known for his studies of aphasia (1848-1905)

{n: West Germany, Federal Republic of Germany} a republic in north central Europe on the North Sea; established in 1949 from the zones of Germany occupied by the British and French and Americans after the German defeat; reunified with East Germany in 1990

{n: Winckelmann, Johann Winckelmann, Johann Joachim Winckelmann} German archaeologist and art historian said to be the father of archaeology (1717-1768)

{n: Windaus, Adolf Windaus} German chemist who studied steroids and cholesterol and discovered histamine (1876-1959)

{n: Wolf, Friedrich August Wolf} German classical scholar who claimed that the Iliad and Odyssey were composed by several authors (1759-1824)


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