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fungi

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The release of the carbon in these compounds for recycling depends almost entirely on the action of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and certain types of fungi.
这种化合物通过碳的释放来实现循环,主要依靠喜氧和厌氧细菌以及一些菌类的活动。

霉 [méi] /bacteria/fungi/moldy/

真菌 [zhēn jūn] /fungi/fungus/

{adj: acervate} pertaining to a growth of fungi that forms a heaped-up mass
"acervate fungous sporophores"

{adj: apothecial} of or relating to the apothecium of some lichens and fungi

{adj: ascomycetous} related to or characteristic of fungi of the class Ascomycetes

{adj: autoecious, homoecious} of parasites especially rust fungi; completing the entire life cycle on a single host
"autoecious rust fungi"
<-> heteroecious

{adj: basidiomycetous} pertaining to or characteristic of fungi of the class Basidiomycetes

{adj: discomycetous} relating to or characteristic of fungi of the subclass Discomycetes

{adj: fungal, fungous} of or relating to fungi

{adj: fungicidal, antifungal} capable of destroying fungi

{adj: fungoid, funguslike} resembling fungi

{adj: heteroecious} of parasites; passing through different stages of the life cycle on different host species
"heteroecious fungi"
"heteroecious insects"
<-> autoecious

{adj: saprophytic} (of some plants or fungi) feeding on dead or decaying organic matter

{n: Agaricus, genus Agaricus} type genus of Agaricaceae; gill fungi having brown spores and including several edible species

{n: Albatrellus, genus Albatrellus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Polyporaceae

{n: Albuginaceae, family Albuginaceae} fungi that produce white sori resembling blisters on certain flowering plants

{n: Albugo, genus Albugo} type genus of the Albuginaceae; fungi causing white rusts

{n: Aphyllophorales, order Aphyllophorales} includes chiefly saprophytic fungi typically with shelflike bodies; sometimes placed in class Hymenomycetes or included in Agaricales

{n: Ascomycetes, class Ascomycetes} large class of higher fungi coextensive with division Ascomycota: sac fungi

{n: Ascomycota, subdivision Ascomycota, Ascomycotina, subdivision Ascomycotina} a large subdivision of Eumycota including Hemiascomycetes and Plectomycetes and Pyrenomycetes and Discomycetes; sac fungi; in some classification systems considered a division of the kingdom Fungi

{n: Aspergillaceae, family Aspergillaceae} family of fungi including some common molds

{n: Astreus, genus Astreus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Geastraceae

{n: Auriculariaceae, family Auriculariaceae} fungi having gelatinous sporophores

{n: Basidiomycetes, class Basidiomycetes} large class of higher fungi coextensive with subdivision Basidiomycota

{n: Basidiomycota, subdivision Basidiomycota, Basidiomycotina, subdivision Basidiomycotina} comprises fungi bearing the spores on a basidium; includes Gasteromycetes (puffballs) and Tiliomycetes comprising the orders Ustilaginales (smuts) and Uredinales (rusts) and Hymenomycetes (mushrooms, toadstools, agarics and bracket fungi); in some classification systems considered a division of kingdom Fungi

{n: Blastocladia, genus Blastocladia} a genus of fungi of the family Blastodiaceae

{n: Blastocladiales, order Blastocladiales} fungi that carry out asexual reproduction by thick-walled resting spores that produce zoospores upon germination; sometimes placed in class Oomycetes

{n: Blastodiaceae, family Blastodiaceae} a family of saprobic fungi of order Blastocladiales

{n: Blastomyces, genus Blastomyces} genus of pathogenic yeastlike fungi

{n: Boletaceae, family Boletaceae} family of fleshy fungi having the germ pores easily separating from the cup and often from each other

{n: Boletellus, genus Boletellus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Boletaceae

{n: Boletus, genus Boletus} type genus of Boletaceae; genus of soft early-decaying pore fungi; some poisonous and some edible

{n: Calostomataceae, family Calostomataceae} a family of fungi belonging to the order Tulostomatales

{n: Ceratostomataceae, family Ceratostomataceae} fungi having carbonous perithecia with long necks

{n: Ceratostomella, genus Ceratostomella} genus of fungi forming continuous hyaline spores

{n: Cercospora, genus Cercospora} form genus of imperfect fungi that are leaf parasites with long slender spores

{n: Cercosporella, genus Cercosporella} form genus of imperfect fungi lacking pigment in the spores and conidiophores

{n: Chytridiaceae, family Chytridiaceae} a family of aquatic fungi of order Chytridiales

{n: Chytridiales, order Chytridiales} simple aquatic fungi mostly saprophytic but some parasitic on higher plants or animals or fresh water fungi; sometimes placed in class Oomycetes

{n: Chytridiomycetes, class Chytridiomycetes} a class of mostly aquatic fungi; saprophytic or parasitic on algae or fungi or plants

{n: Clathraceae, family Clathraceae} family of fleshy fungi resembling stinkhorns

{n: Clavariaceae, family Clavariaceae} fleshy fungi: coral fungi

{n: Claviceps, genus Claviceps} fungi parasitic upon the ovaries of various grasses

{n: Corticium, genus Corticium} genus of fungi having simple smooth sporophores; some are parasitic on wood or economic crops; some species formerly placed in form genus Rhizoctinia

{n: Cortinariaceae, family Cortinariaceae} a family of fungi belonging to the order Agaricales

{n: Cronartium, genus Cronartium} rust fungi having aecia produced in raised or swollen sori and teliospores borne in waxy columns

{n: Cryptogamia} in former classification systems: one of two major plant divisions, including all plants that do not bear seeds: ferns, mosses, algae, fungi
<-> Phanerogamae

{n: Dacrymyces, genus Dacrymyces} type genus of the Dacrymycetaceae: fungi with a bifurcate basidium that lacks septa

{n: Dacrymycetaceae, family Dacrymycetaceae} a family of basidiomycetous fungi belonging to the order Tremellales having a bifurcate basidium that lacks septa

{n: Deuteromycota, subdivision Deuteromycota, Deuteromycotina, Fungi imperfecti, subdivision Deuteromycotina} large and heterogeneous form division of fungi comprising forms for which no sexually reproductive stage is known

{n: Endomycetales, order Endomycetales} fungi having a zygote or a single cell developing directly into an ascus

{n: Entolomataceae, family Entolomataceae} a family of fungi belonging to the order Agaricales

{n: Entomophthora, genus Entomophthora} type genus of the Entomophthoraceae; fungi parasitic on insects

{n: Entomophthoraceae, family Entomophthoraceae} mostly parasitic lower fungi that typically develop in the bodies of insects

{n: Erysiphaceae, family Erysiphaceae} family of fungi parasitic mostly on leaves; includes powdery mildews

{n: Erysiphales, order Erysiphales} saprophytic and parasitic fungi that live on plants

{n: Eumycota, division Eumycota} true fungi; eukaryotic heterotrophic walled organisms; distinguished from Myxomycota (funguslike slime molds): comprises subdivisions Mastigomycotina; Zygomycotina; Ascomycotina; Basidiomycotina; Deuteromycotina (imperfect fungi)

{n: Eurotiales, order Eurotiales, Aspergillales, order Aspergillales} order of fungi having a closed ascocarp (cleistothecium) with the asci scattered rather than gathered in a hymenium

{n: Eurotium, genus Eurotium} a genus of fungi belonging to the order Eurotiales

{n: Fistulina, genus Fistulina} fungi having each pore separate though crowded

{n: Fistulinaceae, family Fistulinaceae} a family of fungi closely related to the family Polyporaceae except that the tubes on the undersurface of the cap are separate from each other

{n: Fomes, genus Fomes} genus of bracket fungi forming corky or woody perennial shelflike sporophores often of large size; includes some that cause destructive heartrot in trees

{n: Fungi, kingdom Fungi, fungus kingdom} the taxonomic kingdom of lower plants

{n: Fuscoboletinus, genus Fuscoboletinus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Boletaceae

{n: Gasteromycetes, class Gasteromycetes, Gastromycetes, class Gastromycetes} fungi in which the hymenium is enclosed until after spores have matured: puffballs; earth stars; stinkhorn fungi

{n: Gastroboletus, genus Gastroboletus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Secotiaceae; they resemble boletes but the spores are not discharged from the basidium

{n: Gastrocybe, genus Gastrocybe} a genus of fungi of the family Secotiaceae

{n: Geastraceae, family Geastraceae} a family of earthstar fungi belonging to the order Lycoperdales

{n: Geastrum, genus Geastrum} type genus of Geastraceae; fungi whose outer peridium when dry splits into starlike segments

{n: Geoglossaceae, family Geoglossaceae} a family of fungi belonging to the order Helotiales

{n: Gymnosporangium, genus Gymnosporangium} genus of fungi that produce galls on cedars and other conifers of genera Juniperus and Libocedrus and causes rust spots on apples and pears and other plants of family Rosaceae

{n: Helotiales, order Helotiales} order of fungi having asci in a disk-shaped to goblet-shaped apothecium

{n: Hemiascomycetes, class Hemiascomycetes} class of fungi in which no ascocarps are formed: yeasts and some plant parasites

{n: Heterobasidiomycetes, subclass Heterobasidiomycetes} category used in some classification systems for various basidiomycetous fungi including rusts and smuts

{n: Homobasidiomycetes, subclass Homobasidiomycetes} category used in some classification systems for various basidiomycetous fungi including e.g. mushrooms and puffballs which are usually placed in the classes Gasteromycetes and Hymenomycetes

{n: Hydnaceae, family Hydnaceae} tooth fungi

{n: Hygrocybe, genus Hygrocybe} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Hygrophoraceae

{n: Hygrophoraceae, family Hygrophoraceae} a family of fungi belonging to the order Agaricales; the gills of these fungi have a clean waxy appearance

{n: Hygrophorus, genus Hygrophorus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Hygrophoraceae

{n: Hygrotrama, genus Hygrotrama} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Hygrophoraceae

{n: Hymenogastrales, order Hymenogastrales} an order of fungi belonging to the class Gasteromycetes; has a distinct basidiocarp with a fleshy or waxy gleba (sometimes placed in subclass Homobasidiomycetes)

{n: Hymenomycetes, class Hymenomycetes} used in some classifications; usually coextensive with order Agaricales: mushrooms; toadstools; agarics; bracket fungi

{n: Hypocreaceae, family Hypocreaceae} family of fungi having brightly colored fleshy or membranous ascocarps; sometimes placed in its own order Hypocreales

{n: Leccinum, genus Leccinum} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Boletaceae

{n: Lepiotaceae, family Lepiotaceae} a family of fungi having free gills and a cap that is cleanly separable from the stalk

{n: Lichenes, division Lichenes} comprising the lichens which grow symbiotically with algae; sometimes treated as an independent group more or less coordinate with algae and fungi

{n: Lycoperdales, order Lycoperdales} small order of basidiomycetous fungi having fleshy often globose fruiting bodies; includes puffballs and earthstars

{n: Lycoperdon, genus Lycoperdon} genus of fungi whose fruiting body tapers toward a base consisting of spongy mycelium

{n: Mastigomycota, subdivision Mastigomycota, Mastigomycotina, subdivision Mastigomycotina} fungi in which the spores and gametes are motile; in some systems placed in the Phycomycetes group with the Zygomycota

{n: Melampsoraceae, family Melampsoraceae} rust fungi

{n: Moniliaceae, family Moniliaceae} family of imperfect fungi having white or brightly colored hyphae and spores that are produced directly on the mycelium and not aggregated in fruiting bodies

{n: Moniliales, order Moniliales} order of imperfect fungi lacking conidiophores of having conidiophores that are superficial and not enclosed in a pycnidium

{n: Morchella, genus Morchella} genus of edible fungi: morel

{n: Morchellaceae, family Morchellaceae} a family of edible fungi including the true morels

{n: Mucoraceae, family Mucoraceae} large family of chiefly saprophytic fungi that includes many common molds destructive to food products

{n: Mucorales, order Mucorales} an order of mostly saprophytic fungi

{n: Mutinus, genus Mutinus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Phallaceae

{n: Mycelia Sterilia, order Mycelia Sterilia} order of imperfect fungi having no known spore stage

{n: Neohygrophorus, genus Neohygrophorus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Hygrophoraceae

{n: Neolentinus, genus Neolentinus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Polyporaceae

{n: Neurospora, genus Neurospora} genus of fungi with black perithecia used extensively in genetic research; includes some forms with orange spore masses that cause severe damage in bakeries

{n: Nidulariaceae, family Nidulariaceae} bird's-nest fungi

{n: Nidulariales, order Nidulariales} small order of basidiomycetous fungi comprising families Nidulariaceae and Sphaerobolaceae

{n: Nigroporus, genus Nigroporus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Polyporaceae

{n: Oligoporus, genus Oligoporus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Polyporaceae

{n: Oomycetes, class Oomycetes} nonphotosynthetic fungi that resemble algae and that reproduce by forming oospores; sometimes classified as protoctists

{n: Ozonium, genus Ozonium} form genus of imperfect fungi

{n: Pellicularia, genus Pellicularia} genus of fungi having the hymenium in the form of a crust; some species formerly placed in form genus Rhizoctinia

{n: Penicillium, genus Penicillium} genus of fungi commonly growing as green or blue molds on decaying food; used in making cheese and as a source of penicillin

{n: Peronosporaceae, family Peronosporaceae} parasitic fungi: downy mildews

{n: Peronosporales, order Peronosporales} order of chiefly parasitic lower fungi: Albuginaceae and Peronosporaceae and Pythiaceae

{n: Pezizaceae, family Pezizaceae} large family comprising many typical cup fungi

{n: Pezizales, order Pezizales} order of mostly saprophytic fungi having cup-shaped ascocarps

{n: Phallaceae, family Phallaceae} a family of fungi belonging to the order Phallales and comprising the true stinkhorns

{n: Phallales, order Phallales} order of fungi comprising the stinkhorns and related forms whose mature hymenium is slimy and fetid; sometimes placed in subclass Homobasidiomycetes

{n: Phallus, genus Phallus} genus of fungi having the cap or pileus hanging free around the stem

{n: Phycomycetes, Phycomycetes group} a large and probably unnatural group of fungi and funguslike organisms comprising the Mastigomycota (including the Oomycetes) and Zygomycota subdivisions of the division Eumycota; a category not used in all systems

{n: Phylloporus, genus Phylloporus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Boletaceae

{n: Phytophthora, genus Phytophthora} destructive parasitic fungi causing brown rot in plants

{n: Plasmodiophora, genus Plasmodiophora} type genus of Plasmodiophoraceae comprising minute plant parasitic fungi similar to and sometimes included among the slime molds

{n: Plasmodiophoraceae, family Plasmodiophoraceae} family of fungi often causing hypertrophy in seed plants

{n: Plectania, genus Plectania} genus of fungi in the family Pezizaceae closely related to and often included in genus Peziza

{n: Plectomycetes, class Plectomycetes} class of fungi in which the fruiting body is a cleistothecium (it releases spores only on decay or disintegration)

{n: Pluteaceae, family Pluteaceae} a family of fungi belonging to the order Agaricales

{n: Pluteus, genus Pluteus, roof mushroom} a large genus of fungi belonging to the family Pluteaceae; the shape of the cap resembles a roof; often abundant early in the summer

{n: Polyporaceae, family Polyporaceae} fungi that become corky or woody with age, often forming shelflike growths on trees

{n: Proterozoic, Proterozoic eon, Proterozoic aeon} from 2,500 to 544 million years ago; bacteria and fungi; primitive multicellular organisms

{n: Pseudocolus, genus Pseudocolus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Clathraceae

{n: Puccinia, genus Puccinia} type genus of the Pucciniaceae; a large genus of parasitic fungi including many that are destructive to various economic plants

{n: Pucciniaceae, family Pucciniaceae} large important family of rust fungi

{n: Pyrenomycetes, class Pyrenomycetes} class of fungi in which the fruiting body is a perithecium; includes powdery mildews and ergot and Neurospora

{n: Pythiaceae, family Pythiaceae} fungi having sporangia usually borne successively and singly at the tips of branching sporangiophores

{n: Rhizopogon, genus Rhizopogon} a genus of fungi having subterranean sporophores resembling tubers

{n: Rhizopogonaceae, family Rhizopogonaceae} a family of fungi of order Hymenogastrales having round subterranean sporophores

{n: Rosellinia, genus Rosellinia} fungi having smooth perithecia with dark one-celled ascospores

{n: Russula, genus Russula} large genus of fungi with stout stems and white spores and neither annulus nor volva; brittle caps of red or purple or yellow or green or blue; differs from genus Lactarius in lacking milky juice

{n: Saccharomycetaceae, family Saccharomycetaceae} family of fungi comprising the typical yeasts: reproduce by budding and ferment carbohydrates

{n: Saprolegnia, genus Saprolegnia} aquatic fungi growing chiefly on plant debris and animal remains

{n: Saprolegniales, order Saprolegniales} order of chiefly aquatic fungi

{n: Sarcoscyphaceae, family Sarcoscyphaceae} family of fungi belonging to the order Pezizales

{n: Schizosaccharomycetaceae, family Schizosaccharomycetaceae} a family of fungi belonging to order Endomycetales

{n: Scleroderma, genus Scleroderma} genus of poisonous fungi having hard-skinned fruiting bodies: false truffles

{n: Sclerodermataceae, family Sclerodermataceae} a family of fungi or order Sclerodermatales with a single-layered peridium; includes earthballs

{n: Sclerodermatales, order Sclerodermatales} an order of fungi having a peridium surrounding a gleba (sometimes placed in subclass Homobasidiomycetes)

{n: Sclerotium, genus Sclerotium} form genus of sterile imperfect fungi; many form sclerotia; some cause sclerotium disease in plants

{n: Secotiaceae, family Secotiaceae} a family of fungi that have a stalk and cap and a wrinkled mass of tissue (the gleba) where spores are produced; are often dismissed as misshapen forms of other fungi

{n: Secotiales, order Secotiales} an order of fungi belonging to the class Gasteromycetes

{n: Septobasidiaceae, family Septobasidiaceae} a family of fungi belonging to the subdivision Basidiomycota

{n: Septobasidium, genus Septobasidium} type genus of Septobasidiaceae: smooth shelf fungi usually having a well-developed sometimes thick-walled hypobasidium

{n: Sphaeriaceae, family Sphaeriaceae} parasitic fungi having globose and sometimes necked or beaked perithecia

{n: Sphaeriales, order Sphaeriales} large order of ascomycetous fungi usually having a dark hard perithecia with definite ostioles; in more recent classifications often divided among several orders

{n: Sphaerobolaceae, family Sphaerobolaceae} monotypic family of fungi in which the more or less spherical gleba is forcibly ejected at maturity

{n: Strobilomyces, genus Strobilomyces} fungi similar to Boletus but with a shaggy scaly cap

{n: Stropharia, genus Stropharia, ring-stalked fungus} genus of gill fungi with brown spores that is closely related to Agaricus; here placed in its own family Strophariaceae

{n: Suillus, genus Suillus} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Boletaceae

{n: Synchytrium, genus Synchytrium} simple parasitic fungi including pond scum parasites

{n: Thallophyta} used only in former classifications: comprising what is now considered a heterogeneous assemblage of flowerless and seedless organisms: algae; bacteria; fungi; lichens

{n: Thelephoraceae, family Thelephoraceae} fungi having leathery or membranous sporophores

{n: Thielavia, genus Thielavia} genus of fungi having spherical brown perithecia and some conidia borne in chains; cause root rot

{n: Tilletia, genus Tilletia} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Tilletiaceae

{n: Tilletiaceae, family Tilletiaceae} a family of smut fungi having a simple promycelium bearing the spores in an apical cluster

{n: Tremella reticulata} a jelly fungus with an erect whitish fruiting body and a highly variable shape (sometimes resembling coral fungi)

{n: Tremella, genus Tremella} fungi with yellowish gelatinous sporophores having convolutions resembling those of the brain

{n: Tremellaceae, family Tremellaceae} a family of basidiomycetous fungi of the order Tremellales that have the basidium divided longitudinally

{n: Tremellales, order Tremellales} fungi varying from gelatinous to waxy or even horny in texture; most are saprophytic

{n: Tricholomataceae, family Tricholomataceae} a family of fungi belonging to the order Agaricales

{n: Truncocolumella, genus Truncocolumella} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Rhizopogonaceae

{n: Tuber, genus Tuber} type genus of the Tuberaceae: fungi whose fruiting bodies are typically truffles

{n: Tuberaceae, family Tuberaceae} family of fungi whose ascocarps resemble tubers and vary in size from that of an acorn to that of a large apple

{n: Tuberales, order Tuberales} small order of fungi belonging to the subdivision Ascomycota having closed underground ascocarps

{n: Tubercularia, genus Tubercularia} type genus of the Tuberculariaceae; fungi with nodules of red or pink conidia; some cause diebacks of woody plants

{n: Tuberculariaceae, family Tuberculariaceae} large family of mainly saprophytic imperfect fungi

{n: Tulostomatales, order Tulostomatales} an order of fungi belonging to the class Gasteromycetes

{n: Uredinales, order Uredinales} rust fungi: parasitic fungi causing rust in plants; sometimes placed in

{n: Urocystis, genus Urocystis} a genus of smut fungi belonging to the family Tilletiaceae

{n: Ustilaginales, order Ustilaginales} parasitic fungi causing smuts; sometimes placed in class Tiliomycetes

{n: Ustilaginoidea, genus Ustilaginoidea} genus of imperfect fungi causing plant diseases like smut

{n: Volvariaceae, family Volvariaceae} a family of fungi belonging to the order Agaricales

{n: Wynnea, genus Wynnea} a genus of fungi belonging to the family Sarcoscyphaceae

{n: Xylaria, genus Xylaria} type genus of Xylariaceae; fungi with perithecia in the upper part of erect black woody stromata

{n: Xylariaceae, family Xylariaceae} family of fungi characterized by dark brown to back spores

{n: Zygomycetes, class Zygomycetes} class of fungi coextensive with subdivision Zygomycota

{n: Zygomycota, subdivision Zygomycota, Zygomycotina, subdivision Zygomycotina} division of fungi having sexually produced zygospores

{n: acervulus} small asexual fruiting body resembling a cushion or blister consisting of a mat of hyphae that is produced on a host by some fungi

{n: aecium} fruiting body of some rust fungi bearing chains of aeciospores

{n: annulus} (Fungi) remnant of the partial veil that in mature mushrooms surrounds the lower part of the stem

{n: antifungal, antifungal agent, fungicide, antimycotic, antimycotic agent} any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi

{n: antimycin} a crystalline antibiotic active against various fungi

{n: apothecium} a cuplike ascocarp in many lichens and ascomycetous fungi

{n: arthrospore} one of a string of thick walled vegetative resting cells formed by some algae and fungi

{n: basidiomycete, basidiomycetous fungi} any of various fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota

{n: bird's-nest fungus} any of various fungi of the family Nidulariaceae having a cup-shaped body containing several egg-shaped structure enclosing the spores

{n: blastomycete} any of various yeastlike budding fungi of the genus Blastomyces; cause disease in humans and other animals

{n: blister rust, white-pine rust, white pine blister rust} any of several diseases of pines caused by rust fungi of the genus Cronartium and marked by destructive invasion of bark and sapwood and producing blisters externally

{n: candida} any of the yeastlike imperfect fungi of the genus Candida

{n: candidiasis, moniliasis, monilia disease} an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)

{n: cephalosporin, Mefoxin} one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity

{n: chemosynthesis} synthesis of carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water; limited to certain bacteria and fungi

{n: chitin} a tough semitransparent horny substance; the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and the cell walls of certain fungi

{n: chlamydospore} thick-walled asexual resting spore of certain fungi and algae

{n: cleistothecium, cleistocarp} closed spore-bearing structure of some fungi (especially Aspergillaceae and Erysiphaceae) from which spores are released only by decay or disintegration

{n: coral fungus} any of numerous fungi of the family Clavariaceae often brightly colored that grow in often intricately branched clusters like coral

{n: cryptogam} formerly recognized taxonomic group including all flowerless and seedless plants that reproduce by means of spores: ferns, mosses, algae, fungi

{n: dead-man's-fingers, dead-men's-fingers, Xylaria polymorpha} the fruiting bodies of the fungi of the genus Xylaria

{n: domatium} a part of a plant (e.g., a leaf) that has been modified to provide protection for insects or mites or fungi

{n: downy mildew, false mildew} any of various fungi of the family Peronosporaceae parasitic on e.g. grapes and potatoes and melons

{n: earthball, false truffle, puffball, hard-skinned puffball} any of various fungi of the genus Scleroderma having hard-skinned subterranean fruiting bodies resembling truffles

{n: fairy ring, fairy circle} a ring of fungi marking the periphery of the perennial underground growth of the mycelium

{n: false truffle} any of various fungi of the family Rhizopogonaceae having subterranean fruiting bodies similar to the truffle

{n: fungi} (pun) the one who buys the drinks

{n: fungus gnat} mosquito-like insect whose larvae feed on fungi or decaying vegetation

{n: fungus order} the order of fungi

{n: fusarium wilt} wilt caused by fungi of the genus Fusarium

{n: genus Candida} a genus of yeastlike imperfect fungi; sometimes included in genus Monilia of the family Moniliaceae

{n: genus Discina} a genus of fungi of the family Helvellaceae with a cup-shaped or saucer-shaped fruiting body and ornamented spores

{n: genus Gyromitra} a genus of fungi of the family Helvellaceae with a fertile portion that is tan to brown

{n: genus Monilia} genus of parasitic yeastlike imperfect fungi having spherical or oval conidia in branched chains; some species usually placed in other genera especially genus Candida

{n: genus Pythium} destructive root-parasitic fungi

{n: genus Rhizoctinia, form genus Rhizoctinia} form genus of imperfect fungi some species of which are now placed in genera Pellicularia and Corticium because their perfect stages have been found

{n: genus Rhizopus} genus of rot causing fungi having columnar hemispherical aerial sporangia anchored to the substrate by rhizoids

{n: genus Sclerotinia} large genus of ascomycetous fungi including various destructive plant pathogens

{n: genus Verticillium} genus of imperfect fungi having conidia borne singly at the apex of whorled branchlets; cause wilt diseases

{n: hymenium} spore-bearing layer of cells in certain fungi containing asci or basidia

{n: hypobasidium} special cell constituting the base of the basidium in various fungi especially of the order Tremellales

{n: kingdom} the highest taxonomic group into which organisms are grouped; one of five biological categories: Monera or Protoctista or Plantae or Fungi or Animalia

{n: leak} soft watery rot in fruits and vegetables caused by fungi

{n: leukocyte, leucocyte, white blood cell, white cell, white blood corpuscle, white corpuscle, WBC} blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; an important part of the body's defense system

{n: monilia} any of the yeastlike imperfect fungi of the genus Monilia

{n: mushroom} any of various fleshy fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota consisting of a cap at the end of a stem arising from an underground mycelium

{n: mushroom} fleshy body of any of numerous edible fungi

{n: mycologist} a botanist who specializes in the study of fungi

{n: mycology} the branch of botany that studies fungi and fungus-caused diseases

{n: mycophagist, micophage} a person or animal who eats fungi (especially mushrooms)

{n: mycophagy} the practice of eating fungi (especially mushrooms collected in the wild)

{n: nameko, viscid mushroom, Pholiota nameko} one of the most important fungi cultivated in Japan

{n: nonvascular organism} organisms without vascular tissue: e.g. algae, lichens, fungi, mosses

{n: nystatin, Mycostatin, Nystan} an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes

{n: oospore} a thick-walled sexual spore that develops from a fertilized oosphere in some algae and fungi

{n: ostiole} a small pore especially one in the reproductive bodies of certain algae and fungi through which spores pass

{n: peridium} outer layer of the spore-bearing organ in many fungi

{n: phycomycosis} any fungal infection caused by fungi of the Phycomycetes group

{n: polypore, pore fungus, pore mushroom} woody pore fungi; any fungus of the family Polyporaceae or family Boletaceae having the spore-bearing surface within tubes or pores; the fruiting bodies are usually woody at maturity and persistent

{n: powdery mildew} any of various fungi of the genus Erysiphe producing powdery conidia on the host surface

{n: promycelium} the basidium of various fungi

{n: psocid} small winged insect living on the bark and leaves of trees and feeding on e.g. fungi and decaying plant matter

{n: puffball, true puffball} any of various fungi of the family Lycoperdaceae whose round fruiting body discharges a cloud of spores when mature

{n: rhizoctinia disease} disease caused by rhizoctinia or fungi of Pellicularia and Corticium

{n: rhizoid} any of various slender filaments that function as roots in mosses and ferns and fungi etc

{n: rhizomorph} a dense mass of hyphae forming a rootlike structure characteristic of many fungi

{n: rhizopus} any of various rot causing fungi of the genus Rhizopus

{n: root rot} disease characterized by root decay; caused by various fungi

{n: rust, rust fungus} any of various fungi causing rust disease in plants

{n: sac fungus} any of various ascomycetous fungi in which the spores are formed in a sac or ascus

{n: sclerotium disease, sclerotium rot} plant disease cause by fungi of the genus Sclerotium; also one in which sclerotia are formed

{n: sclerotium} compact usually dark-colored mass of hardened mycelium constituting a vegetative food-storage body in various true fungi; detaches when mature and can give rise to new growth

{n: shoestring fungus} any of several fungi of the genus Armillaria that form brown stringy rhizomorphs and cause destructive rot of the roots of some trees such as apples or maples

{n: smut} destructive diseases of plants (especially cereal grasses) caused by fungi that produce black powdery masses of spores

{n: soft rot} mushy or slimy decay of plants caused by bacteria or fungi

{n: sorus} a spore-producing structure in certain lichens and fungi

{n: spore} a small usually single-celled asexual reproductive body produced by many nonflowering plants and fungi and some bacteria and protozoans and that are capable of developing into a new individual without sexual fusion
"a sexual spore is formed after the fusion of gametes"

{n: stinkhorn, carrion fungus} any of various ill-smelling brown-capped fungi of the order Phallales
"the foul smell of the stinkhorn attracts insects that carry the spores away on their feet"

{n: tinea, ringworm, roundworm} infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches

{n: true fungus} any of numerous fungi of the division Eumycota

{n: truffle, earthnut, earth-ball} any of various highly prized edible subterranean fungi of the genus Tuber; grow naturally in southwestern Europe

{n: verticilliosis} wilt caused by fungi of the genus Verticillium

{n: volva} cuplike structure around the base of the stalk of certain fungi

{n: witches' broom, witch broom, hexenbesen, staghead} an abnormal tufted growth of small branches on a tree or shrub caused by fungi or insects or other physiological disturbance

{n: yeast} any of various single-celled fungi that reproduce asexually by budding or division

{n: zoospore} an asexual spore of some algae and fungi that moves by means of flagella

{v: deliquesce} melt away in the process of decay
"The fungi eventually deliquesced"

Mycorrhizal fungi infect more plants than do any other fungi and are necessary for many plants to thrive, but they have escaped widespread investigation until recently for two reasons.
菌根真菌(mycorrhizal fungi)比诸于其它任何真菌会感染到更多的植物,并且对于许多植物的茂盛生长显得不可或缺;然而,它们直到最近为止由于两个缘由而没能得到广泛的研究。

Second, the fungi cannot as yet be cultivated in the absence of a living root.
其次,这种真菌迄今为止尚无法在缺乏有生命的植物根茎的情况下被培养出来。

Certain symbiotic associations also increase the host plant's resistance to harmful root fungi.
某些共生联系还能增强寄生植物对有害的根部真菌的抵抗力。

Whether this resistance results from exclusion of harmful fungi through competition for sites, from metabolic change involving antibiotic production, or from increased vigor is undetermined.
这种抵抗力是否源自通过场所竞争对有害真菌的驱逐,是否源自那种涉及抗菌素产生的新陈代谢变化,或是否源自植物活力的提高,这些尚不得而知。

真菌 Fungi

HS07123300
Dried jelly fungi
干银耳

spsc-50101541
Mushrooms or fungi
蘑菇和菌

spsc-60103904
Fungi cultures
真菌培养

B48.7
Opportunistic mycoses
Mycoses caused by fungi of low virulence that can establish an infection only as a
consequence of factors such as the presence of debilitating disease or the administration
of immunosuppressive and other therapeutic agents or radiation therapy. Most of the causal
fungi are normally saprophytic in soil and decaying vegetation.
伺机性菌病
这些菌病乃由低致病性的真菌所致 , 造成感染是因
一些因素的结果 , 例如有令人衰弱的疾病或免疫抑
制性治疗及放射线治疗。这些菌大部分属於土壤或
腐败植物中正常生长的腐生菌。

J67.7
Air-conditioner and humidifier lung
Allergic alveolitis due to fungi, thermophilic actino- mycetes and other organisms growing
in ventilation [air-conditioning] systems
空气调节机及潮湿机肺病
肇因於通风 ( 空调 ) 系统内菌、嗜热性放射线菌及其
他病原体之过敏性肺泡炎

cup fungi 盘菌[一类真菌]

filamentous fungi 丝状真菌

fungi 真菌

imperfect fungi 半知菌


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