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fluid

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fluid [ 'flu(:)id] n.流体,液体

流体力学 Fluid Mechanics

流体机械及工程 Fluid Machinery and Engineering

储液罐
fluid reservoir

液力偶合器
fluid coupling

液力起步
fluid start

Carrier fluid 载液

不安定的 ticklish; changeful; fluid; labile; tippy; astatic

半流体 [bàn liú tǐ] /semi-fluid/

补液 [bǔ yè] /fluid infusion/

穿刺 [chuān cì] /puncture/medical procedure of puncturing to extract bodily fluid/

连续介质力学 [lián xù jiè zhì lì xué] /mechanics of a continuous medium (math. phys.)/fluid mechanics/

流体 [liú tǐ] /fluid/

羊膜 [yáng mó] /amniotic (fluid)/amonion/

液 [yè] /liquid/fluid/

阴精 [yīn jīng] /sex fluids/

主流 [zhǔ liú] /(n) main stream of a fluid/(n) main aspect of a matter/

{adj: ascitic} of or relating to or resulting from an abnormal accumulation of protein and electrolyte rich fluid in the peritoneal cavity

{adj: basaltic} of or relating to or containing basalt
"basaltic magma is fluid"

{adj: blistered} (of skin) having blisters (swellings containing watery fluid) caused by burning or irritation
"escaped from the fire with only a blistered hand"

{adj: bloated, distended, puffed, puffy, swollen, intumescent, tumescent, tumid, turgid} abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas
"hungry children with bloated stomachs"
"he had a grossly distended stomach"
"eyes with puffed (or puffy) lids"
"swollen hands"
"tumescent tissue"
"puffy tumid flesh"

{adj: cerebrospinal} of or relating to the brain and spinal cord
"cerebrospinal fluid"

{adj: congestive} relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid
"congestive heart disease"

{adj: edematous, dropsical} swollen with an excessive accumulation of fluid

{adj: extracellular} located or occurring outside a cell or cells
"extracellular fluid"
<-> intracellular

{adj: fluent, fluid, liquid, smooth} smooth and unconstrained in movement
"a long, smooth stride"
"the fluid motion of a cat"
"the liquid grace of a ballerina"

{adj: fluid, liquid} in cash or easily convertible to cash
"liquid (or fluid) assets"

{adj: fluid, mobile} affording change (especially in social status)
"Britain is not a truly fluid society"
"upwardly mobile"

{adj: fluid, runny} characteristic of a fluid; capable of flowing and easily changing shape

{adj: fluid, unstable} subject to change; variable
"a fluid situation fraught with uncertainty"
"everything was unstable following the coup"

{adj: humoral} of or relating to bodily fluids

{adj: hydrokinetic} relating to fluids in motion or the forces that produce or affect such motion
<-> hydrostatic

{adj: hydrostatic} relating to fluids at rest or to the pressures they exert or transmit
"hydrostatic pressure"
<-> hydrokinetic

{adj: intracellular} located or occurring within a cell or cells
"intracellular fluid"
<-> extracellular

{adj: lacteal} relating to or consisting of or producing or resembling milk
"lacteal fluids"
"lacteal organs"

{adj: leaky} permitting the unwanted passage of fluids or gases
"a leaky roof"
"a leaky defense system"
<-> tight

{adj: permeable} allowing fluids or gases to pass or diffuse through
"permeable membranes"
"rock that is permeable by water"
<-> impermeable

{adj: porous} able to absorb fluids
"the partly porous walls of our digestive system"
"compacting the soil to make it less porous"

{adj: running} (of fluids) moving or issuing in a stream
"as mountain stream with freely running water"
"hovels without running water"
<-> standing

{adj: seminal} pertaining to or containing or consisting of semen
"seminal fluid"

{adj: splashed} (of a fluid) having been propelled about in flying drops or masses
"with clothes wet by splashed water"

{adj: standing} (of fluids) not moving or flowing
"mosquitoes breed in standing water"
<-> running

{adj: streaming} exuding a bodily fluid in profuse amounts
"his streaming face"
"her streaming eyes"

{adj: streamlined, aerodynamic, flowing, sleek} designed or arranged to offer the least resistant to fluid flow
" a streamlined convertible"

{adj: suspended} (of undissolved particles in a fluid) supported or kept from sinking or falling by buoyancy and without apparent attachment
"suspended matter such as silt or mud..."
"dust particles suspended in the air"
"droplets in suspension in a gas"

{adj: tenuous} having thin consistency
"a tenuous fluid"

{adj: thermometric} of or relating to thermometry
"helium gas was the thermometric fluid"

{adj: tubular, cannular, tubelike, tube-shaped, vasiform} constituting a tube; having hollow tubes (as for the passage of fluids)

{adj: vascular} of or relating to or having vessels that conduct and circulate fluids
"vascular constriction"
"a vascular bundle"
<-> avascular

{adj: vital, life-sustaining} performing an essential function in the living body
"vital organs"
"blood and other vital fluids"
"the loss of vital heat in shock"
"a vital spot"
"life-giving love and praise"

{n: Archimedes' principle, law of Archimedes} (hydrostatics) the apparent loss in weight of a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the weight of the displaced fluid

{n: Brown, Robert Brown} Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773-1858)

{n: Coprinus, genus Coprinus} genus of black-spotted agarics in which the cap breaks down at maturity into an inky fluid; sometimes placed in its own family Coprinaceae

{n: Cowper's gland, bulbourethral gland} either of two glands that discharge a component of seminal fluid into the urethra; homologous to Bartholin's gland in the female

{n: Drosophyllum lusitanicum} perennial of dry habitats whose leaves have glandular hairs that secrete adhesive and digestive fluid for capture and digestion of insects; Portugal, southern Spain and Morocco

{n: Pascal's law, Pascal's law of fluid pressures} pressure applied anywhere to a body of fluid causes a force to be transmitted equally in all directions; the force acts at right angles to any surface in contact with the fluid
"the hydraulic press is an application of Pascal's law"

{n: Pitot tube, Pitot} measuring instrument consisting of a right-angled tube with an open end that is directed in opposition to the flow of a fluid and used to measure the velocity of fluid flow

{n: abdominocentesis, paracentesis} centesis of the belly to remove fluid for diagnosis

{n: absorption, soaking up} (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid

{n: aerodynamic force} forces acting on airfoils in motion relative to the air (or other gaseous fluids)

{n: amniocentesis, amnio} (pregnancy) extraction by centesis of amniotic fluid from a pregnant woman (after the 15th week of pregnancy) to aid in the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities

{n: amniotic cavity} the fluid-filled cavity that surrounds the developing embryo

{n: amniotic fluid, amnionic fluid, waters} the serous fluid in which the embryo is suspended inside the amnion
"before a woman gives birth her waters break"

{n: aneroid barometer, aneroid} a barometer that measures pressure without using fluids

{n: animal toxin, zootoxin} a toxin resembling bacterial toxins in its antigenic properties that is found in the fluids of certain animals

{n: apocrine gland} a large sweat gland that produces both a fluid and an apocrine secretion; in human beings located in hairy regions of the body

{n: aqueous humor, aqueous humour} the limpid fluid within the eyeball between the cornea and the lens

{n: arthrocentesis} removal of fluid from a joint by centesis

{n: ascites} accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity

{n: astringency, stypsis} the ability to contract or draw together soft body tissues to check blood flow or restrict secretion of fluids

{n: baffle, baffle board} a flat plate that controls or directs the flow of fluid or energy

{n: blastocoel, blastocoele, blastocele, segmentation cavity, cleavage cavity} the fluid-filled cavity inside a blastula

{n: blister, bulla, bleb} (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid

{n: blood} the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart
"blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and carries waste products away"
"the ancients believed that blood was the seat of the emotions"

{n: bog spavin} spavin caused by collection of fluids

{n: boundary layer} the layer of slower flow of a fluid past a surface

{n: brake cylinder, hydraulic brake cylinder, master cylinder} a cylinder that contains brake fluid that is compressed by a piston

{n: bursa} a small fluid-filled sac located between movable parts of the body especially at joints

{n: butanone, methyl ethyl ketone} colorless soluble flammable liquid ketone used as a solvent for resins and as a paint remover and in lacquers and cements and adhesives and cleaning fluids and celluloid

{n: butcher paper} a strong wrapping paper that resists penetration by blood or meat fluids

{n: cannula} a small flexible tube inserted into a body cavity for draining off fluid or introducing medication

{n: carbon tetrachloride, carbon tet, tetrachloromethane, perchloromethane} a colorless nonflammable liquid used as a solvent for fats and oils; because of its toxicity its use as a cleaning fluid or fire extinguisher has declined

{n: cardiac tamponade} mechanical compression of the heart resulting from large amounts of fluid collecting in the pericardial space and limiting the heart's normal range of motion

{n: catheter} a thin flexible tube inserted into the body to permit introduction or withdrawal of fluids or to keep the passageway open

{n: celiocentesis} removal of fluid from the abdomen by centesis

{n: centesis} (surgery) the act of puncturing a body cavity or organ with a hollow needle in order to draw out fluid

{n: centrifugal pump} a pump that use centrifugal force to discharge fluid into a pipe

{n: channel} a passage for water (or other fluids) to flow through
"the fields were crossed with irrigation channels"
"gutters carried off the rainwater into a series of channels under the street"

{n: chyle} a milky fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fats; formed in the small intestine during digestion of ingested fats

{n: cisterna, cistern} a sac or cavity containing fluid especially lymph or cerebrospinal fluid

{n: clack valve, clack, clapper valve} a simple valve with a hinge on one side; allows fluid to flow in only one direction

{n: clear liquid diet} a diet of fluids with minimal residues (fat-free broth or strained fruit juices or gelatin); cannot be used for more than one day postoperative

{n: coconut milk, coconut water} clear to whitish fluid from within a fresh coconut

{n: coconut, cocoanut} large hard-shelled oval nut with a fibrous husk containing thick white meat surrounding a central cavity filled (when fresh) with fluid or milk

{n: coefficient of viscosity, absolute viscosity, dynamic viscosity} a measure of the resistance to flow of a fluid under an applied force

{n: colostrum, foremilk} milky fluid secreted for the first day or two after parturition

{n: congestion} excessive accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part

{n: convection} the transfer of heat through a fluid (liquid or gas) caused by molecular motion

{n: cool jazz} jazz that is restrained and fluid and marked by intricate harmonic structures often lagging slightly behind the beat

{n: coolant system} a cooling system that uses a fluid to transfer heat from one place to another

{n: coolant} a fluid agent (gas or liquid) that produces cooling; especially one used to cool a system by transferring heat away from one part to another
"he added more coolant to the car's radiator"
"the atomic reactor used a gas coolant"
"lathe operators use an emulsion of oil and water as a coolant for the cutting tool"

{n: cup} a United States liquid unit equal to 8 fluid ounces

{n: dehydration} depletion of bodily fluids

{n: derivation} drawing of fluid or inflammation away from a diseased part of the body

{n: digestive juice, digestive fluid} secretions that aid digestion

{n: dipstick} a graduated rod dipped into a container to indicate the fluid level

{n: discharge pipe} a pipe through which fluids can be discharged

{n: discharge, outpouring, run} the pouring forth of a fluid

{n: drag, retarding force} the phenomenon of resistance to motion through a fluid

{n: drilling mud, drilling fluid} a mixture of clays and chemicals and water; pumped down the drill pipe to lubricate and cool the drilling bit and to flush out the cuttings and to strengthen the sides of the hole

{n: duct} an enclosed conduit for a fluid

{n: eccrine gland} a small sweat gland the produces only a fluid; restricted to the human skin

{n: eddy, twist} a miniature whirlpool or whirlwind resulting when the current of a fluid doubles back on itself

{n: edema, oedema, hydrops, dropsy} swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue

{n: encephalogram, pneumoencephalogram} an X ray of the brain made by replacing spinal fluid with a gas (usually oxygen) to improve contrast

{n: encephalography} roentgenography of the brain after spinal fluid has been replaced by a gas (usually oxygen); produces an encephalogram

{n: endolymph} the bodily fluid that fills the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear

{n: envelope} a natural covering (as by a fluid)
"the spacecraft detected an envelope of gas around the comet"

{n: escape, leak, leakage, outflow} the unwanted discharge of a fluid from some container
"they tried to stop the escape of gas from the damaged pipe"
"he had to clean up the leak"

{n: extracellular fluid, ECF} liquid containing proteins and electrolytes including the liquid in blood plasma and interstitial fluid
"the body normally has about 15 quarts of extracellular fluid"

{n: filtration} the act of changing a fluid by passing it through a filter

{n: filtration} the process whereby fluids pass through a filter or a filtering medium

{n: flow, flow rate, rate of flow} the amount of fluid that flows in a given time

{n: flow, flowing} the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases)

{n: fluid drive} an automotive power coupling

{n: fluid mechanics, hydraulics} study of the mechanics of fluids

{n: fluidounce, fluid ounce} a British imperial unit of capacity or volume (liquid or dry) equal to 8 fluid drams or 28.416 cubic centimeters (1.734 cubic inches)

{n: fluidounce, fluid ounce} a United States unit of capacity or volume equal to 1.804 cubic inches

{n: fluidram, fluid dram, fluid drachm, drachm} a British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 60 minims or 3.5516 cubic centimeters

{n: fluidram, fluid dram, fluid drachm, drachm} a unit of capacity or volume in the apothecary system equal to one eighth of a fluid ounce

{n: fluid} a continuous amorphous substance that tends to flow and to conform to the outline of its container: a liquid or a gas

{n: fluid} a substance that is fluid at room temperature and pressure

{n: gas} a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely

{n: genetic profiling, genetic fingerprinting} the procedure of analyzing the DNA in samples of a person's body tissue or body fluid for the purpose of identification

{n: gill} a British imperial capacity unit (liquid or dry) equal to 5 fluid ounces or 142.066 cubic centimeters

{n: gill} a United States liquid unit equal to 4 fluid ounces

{n: graduate} a measuring instrument for measuring fluid volume; a glass container (cup or cylinder or flask) whose sides are marked with or divided into amounts

{n: head} the pressure exerted by a fluid
"a head of steam"

{n: heat exhaustion, heat prostration, prostration} a condition marked by dizziness and nausea and weakness caused by depletion of body fluids and electrolytes

{n: heat of dissociation} the heat required for a fluid substance to break up into simpler constituents

{n: hepatitis B, serum hepatitis} an acute (sometimes fatal) form of viral hepatitis caused by a DNA virus that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted by sexual contact or by transfusion or by ingestion of contaminated blood or other bodily fluids

{n: high colonic} an enema that injects large amounts of fluid high into the colon for cleansing purposes

{n: humor, humour} (Middle Ages) one of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed to determine your emotional and physical state
"the humors are blood and phlegm and yellow and black bile"

{n: hyaluronic acid} a viscous mucopolysaccharide found in the connective tissue space and the synovial fluid of movable joints and the humors of the eye; a cementing and protective substance

{n: hyaluronidase, spreading factor, Hyazyme} an enzyme (trade name Hyazyme) that splits hyaluronic acid and so lowers its viscosity and increases the permeability of connective tissue and the absorption of fluids

{n: hydatid mole, hydatidiform mole, molar pregnancy} an abnormality during pregnancy; chorionic villi around the fetus degenerate and form clusters of fluid-filled sacs; usually associated with the death of the fetus

{n: hydramnios} an abnormality of pregnancy; accumulation of excess amniotic fluid

{n: hydrarthrosis} inflammation and swelling of a movable joint because of excess synovial fluid

{n: hydraulic brake, hydraulic brakes} brake system in which a brake pedal moves a piston in the master cylinder; brake fluid then applies great force to the brake pads or shoes

{n: hydremia} blood disorder in which there is excess fluid volume compared with the cell volume of the blood

{n: hydrocele} disorder in which serous fluid accumulates in a body sac (especially in the scrotum)

{n: hydrocephalus, hydrocephaly} an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face; in adults the symptoms are primarily neurological

{n: hydrodynamics, hydrokinetics} study of fluids in motion

{n: hydrostatics} study of the mechanical properties of fluids that are not in motion

{n: hydrothorax} accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest) often resulting from disease of the heart or kidneys

{n: hypovolemic shock} shock caused by severe blood or fluid loss

{n: ichor} (Greek mythology) the rarified fluid said to flow in the veins of the Gods

{n: infusion} (medicine) the passive introduction of a substance (a fluid or drug or electrolyte) into a vein or between tissues (as by gravitational force)

{n: inky cap, inky-cap mushroom, Coprinus atramentarius} having a cap that melts into an inky fluid after spores have matured

{n: ink} dark protective fluid ejected into the water by cuttlefish and other cephalopods

{n: intake valve} a valve that controls the flow of fluid through an intake

{n: intake} an opening through which fluid is admitted to a tube or container

{n: interstitial fluid} liquid found between the cells of the body that provides much of the liquid environment of the body

{n: intracellular fluid} liquid contained inside the cell membranes (usually containing dissolved solutes)

{n: intumescence, intumescency} swelling up with blood or other fluids (as with congestion)

{n: jet propulsion} propulsion by means of the discharge of a jet of fluid toward the rear

{n: kerion} ringworm infection of the hair follicles of the scalp and beard that usually results in a swelling that is covered with pustules and oozes fluid

{n: lacrimal secretion, lachrymal secretion} saline fluid secreted by lacrimal glands; lubricates the surface of the eyeball

{n: leak} an accidental hole that allows something (fluid or light etc.) to enter or escape
"one of the tires developed a leak"

{n: leptomeninges} the two innermost layers of the meninges; cerebrospinal fluid circulates between these innermost layers

{n: liquid body substance, bodily fluid, body fluid, humor, humour} the liquid parts of the body

{n: liquid} a substance in the fluid state of matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume

{n: lumbar puncture, spinal puncture, spinal tap} removal by centesis of fluid from the subarachnoid space of the lumbar region of the spinal cord for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes

{n: lymph} a thin coagulable fluid (similar to plasma but) containing white blood cells (lymphocytes) and chyle; is conveyed to the blood stream by lymphatic vessels

{n: magnetohydrodynamics} the study of the interaction of magnetic fields and electrically conducting fluids (as plasma or molten metal)

{n: meningocele} a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)

{n: metabolic acidosis} acidosis and bicarbonate concentration in the body fluids resulting either from the accumulation of acids or the abnormal loss of bases from the body (as in diarrhea or renal disease)

{n: milt} seminal fluid produced by male fish

{n: minim} a British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 1/60th fluid dram or 0.059194 cubic centimeters

{n: nozzle, nose} a projecting spout from which a fluid is discharged

{n: oliguria} abnormally small production of urine; can be a symptom of kidney disease or obstruction of the urinary tract or edema or an imbalance of fluids and electrolytes in the body

{n: packed cells} a preparation of blood cells separated from the liquid plasma
"packed cells are given to severely anemic patients in order to avoid overloading the circulatory system with too much fluid"

{n: pancreatic juice} a fluid secreted into the duodenum by the pancreas; important for breaking down starches and proteins and fats

{n: pericardial cavity, pericardial space} the space between the layers of the pericardium that contains fluid that lubricates the membrane surfaces and allows easy heart movement

{n: perilymph} the bodily fluid that fills the space between the bony labyrinth and the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear

{n: perspiration, sweat, sudor} salty fluid secreted by sweat glands
"sweat poured off his brow"

{n: perspiration, sweating, diaphoresis, sudation, hidrosis} the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
"perspiration is a homeostatic process"

{n: phenylketonuria, PKU} a genetic disorder of metabolism; lack of the enzyme needed to turn phenylalanine into tyrosine results in an accumulation of phenylalanine in the body fluids which causes various degrees of mental deficiency

{n: pinocytosis} process by which certain cells can engulf and incorporate droplets of fluid

{n: pint} a United States liquid unit equal to 16 fluid ounces; two pints equal one quart

{n: plasma, plasm} colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended

{n: poise} a cgs unit of dynamic viscosity equal to one dyne-second per square centimeter; the viscosity of a fluid in which a force of one dyne per square centimeter maintains a velocity of 1 centimeter per second

{n: pore} any tiny hole admitting passage of a liquid (fluid or gas)

{n: porosity, porousness} the property of being porous; being able to absorb fluids
<-> solidity

{n: preeclampsia, pre-eclampsia} abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria; can lead to eclampsia if untreated

{n: pressure gauge, pressure gage} gauge for measuring and indicating fluid pressure

{n: principle of liquid displacement} (hydrostatics) the volume of a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the volume of the displaced fluid

{n: propylene glycol, propanediol} a sweet colorless, viscous, hygroscopic liquid used as an antifreeze and in brake fluid and also as a humectant in cosmetics and personal care items although it can be absorbed through the skin with harmful effects

{n: prostate gland, prostate} a firm partly muscular chestnut sized gland in males at the neck of the urethra; produces a viscid secretion that is the fluid part of semen

{n: pump} a mechanical device that moves fluid or gas by pressure or suction

{n: pus, purulence, suppuration, ichor, sanies, festering} a fluid product of inflammation

{n: quart} a United States liquid unit equal to 32 fluid ounces; four quarts equal one gallon

{n: radiator} a mechanism consisting of a metal honeycomb through which hot fluids circulate; heat is transferred from the fluid through the honeycomb to the airstream that is created either by the motion of the vehicle or by a fan

{n: reflux} an abnormal backward flow of body fluids

{n: regulator} any of various controls or devices for regulating or controlling fluid flow, pressure, temperature, etc.

{n: saltation} (geology) the leaping movement of sand or soil particles as they are transported in a fluid medium over an uneven surface

{n: semen, seed, seminal fluid, ejaculate, cum, come} the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract

{n: semicircular canal} one of three tube loops filled with fluid and in planes nearly at right angles with one another; concerned with equilibrium

{n: serous membrane, serosa} a thin membrane lining the closed cavities of the body; has two layers with a space between that is filled with serous fluid

{n: serum, blood serum} watery fluid of the blood that resembles plasma but contains fibrinogen

{n: shunt} a passage by which a bodily fluid (especially blood) is diverted from one channel to another
"an arteriovenus shunt"

{n: shunt} implant consisting of a tube made of plastic or rubber; for draining fluids within the body

{n: skunk, polecat, wood pussy} American musteline mammal typically ejecting an intensely malodorous fluid when startled; in some classifications put in a separate subfamily Mephitinae

{n: spill, spillage, release} the act of allowing a fluid to escape

{n: spinal fluid, cerebrospinal fluid} clear liquid produced in the ventricles of the brain; fills and protects cavities in the brain and spinal cord

{n: static tube} a measuring instrument used to measure static pressure in a stream of fluid

{n: stinging hair} a multicellular hair in plants like the stinging nettle that expels an irritating fluid

{n: strangulation} (pathology) constriction of a body part so as to cut off the flow of blood or other fluid
"strangulation of the intestine"

{n: subarachnoid space} a space in the meninges beneath the arachnoid membrane and above the pia mater that contains the cerebrospinal fluid

{n: suction pump} a pump for raising fluids by suction

{n: suspension} a mixture in which fine particles are suspended in a fluid where they are supported by buoyancy

{n: swoosh, whoosh} the noise produced by the sudden rush of a fluid (a gas or liquid)

{n: synovia, synovial fluid} viscid lubricating fluid secreted by the membrane lining joints and tendon sheaths etc.

{n: synovial membrane, synovium} a thin membrane in synovial (freely moving) joints that lines the joint capsule and secretes synovial fluid

{n: syringe} a medical instrument used to inject or withdraw fluids

{n: tampon} plug of cotton or other absorbent material; inserted into wound or body cavity to absorb exuded fluids (especially blood)

{n: teaspoon} a small spoon used for stirring tea or coffee; holds about one fluid dram

{n: thoracocentesis, thoracentesis} removal of fluid from the chest by centesis for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes

{n: transport} an exchange of molecules (and their kinetic energy and momentum) across the boundary between adjacent layers of a fluid or across cell membranes

{n: tumefaction} the process of tumefying; the organic process whereby tissue becomes swollen by the accumulation of fluid within it

{n: tumescence} tumidity resulting from the presence of blood or other fluid in the tissues

{n: turbine} rotary engine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy by causing a bladed rotor to rotate

{n: undertide, undercurrent} a current below the surface of a fluid

{n: vacuole} a tiny cavity filled with fluid in the cytoplasm of a cell

{n: valve} a structure in a hollow organ (like the heart) with a flap to insure one-way flow of fluid through it

{n: valve} control consisting of a mechanical device for controlling the flow of a fluid

{n: vascular system} the vessels and tissue that carry or circulate fluids such as blood or lymph or sap through the body of an animal or plant

{n: ventricle} one of four connected cavities in the brain; is continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord and contains cerebrospinal fluid

{n: venturi} a tube with a constriction; used to control fluid flow (as in the air inlet of a carburetor)

{n: vesicle, cyst} a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)

{n: vessel, vas} a tube in which a body fluid circulates

{n: water vascular system} system of fluid-filled tubes used by echinoderms in locomotion and feeding and respiration

{n: water} a fluid necessary for the life of most animals and plants
"he asked for a drink of water"

{v: advect} convey by horizontal mass movement of a fluid
"energy advected from the environment"

{v: experience, receive, have, get, undergo} of mental or physical states or experiences
"get an idea"
"experience vertigo"
"get nauseous"
"undergo a strange sensation"
"The chemical undergoes a sudden change"
"The fluid undergoes shear"
"receive injuries"
"have a feeling"

{v: fuse} become plastic or fluid or liquefied from heat
"The substances fused at a very high temperature"

{v: inject, shoot} force or drive (a fluid or gas) into by piercing
"inject hydrogen into the balloon"

{v: liquefy, flux, liquify} become liquid or fluid when heated
"the frozen fat liquefied"

{v: perfuse} force a fluid through (a body part or tissue)
"perfuse a liver with a salt solution"

{v: pump} raise (gases oor fluids) with a pump

{v: secrete, release} generate and separate from cells or bodily fluids
"secrete digestive juices"
"release a hormone into the blood stream"

{v: succuss, shake up} shake ; especially (a patient to detect fluids or air in the body)

{v: suffuse} to become overspread as with a fluid, a colour, a gleam of light
"His whole frame suffused with a cold dew"

{v: suspend} cause to be held in suspension in a fluid
"suspend the particles"

{v: vascularize, vascularise} become vascular and have vessels that circulate fluids
"The egg yolk vascularized"

As early as 1872, German chemist Adolf Von Baeyer was investigating the recalcitrant residue that gathered in the bottom of glassware that had been host to reactions between phenol( a turpentine-like solvent distilled from coal tar, which the gas-lighting industry produced in bulk) and formaldehyde( an embalming fluid distilled from wood alcohol).
早在 1872年,德国化学家阿道夫·冯·拜耳就在研究主要由酚(从煤气照明工业大批量产出的煤渣中提炼的类似松节油样的溶剂)和甲醛(从本醇中提炼的防腐液体)之间的反应所产生聚集在玻璃器皿底部的棘手的残渣。

Coffey and colleagues gauged shrinkage of the cortex by measuring the cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the brain.
科菲和同事们通过测量大脑周围脑脊液的体积而测算出脑皮层萎缩的程度。

The greater the amount of fluid, the greater the cortical shrinkage.
脑脊液越多,脑皮层萎缩得越多。

For each year of education from first grade on, subjects had an average of 1.77 milliliters more cerebrospinal fluid around the brain.
从一年级起,受试者大脑周围的脑脊液每年平均增加 1.77毫升。

For example, Coffey's team reported, among subjects of the same sex and similar age and skull size, those with 16 years of education had 8 percent to 10 per-cent more cerebrospinal fluid compared with those who had four years of schooling.
科菲领导的研究小组发表的报告说,例如,在性别相同、年龄相似和脑壳体积相差无几的受试者中,接受过 16年教育的人比接受过 4年教育的人多 8%到 10%的脑脊液。

Until recently, alternative browsers using plug-ins from third-parties such as Macromedia Flash which lets you see fluid, streaming animation, among other things weren't allowed on some enhanced sites, because the sites detected Netscape or IE, not the specific plug-in.
最近,一些使用非主流软件制造商(如为我们带来生动流畅的动画的 MacromediaFlash )生产的插件的浏览器,已经不能浏览一些经过改进的网站,因为这些网站只能检测 Netscape 和 IE 。

On the court at Crunch, Edwards exhibits quick hands and a fluid court movement.
在 Crunch 健身中心,爱德华斯显示了高超的控球能力和快速流畅的移动能力。

Jacksonian America was not a fluid, egalitarian society where individual wealth and poverty were ephemeral conditions.
杰克逊执政时期的美国(Jacksonian America)并不是一人流动易变的和平均主义的社会,个人的富有和贫困于其中仅是些转瞬即逝的状况。

With the conclusion of a burst of activity, the lactic acid level is high in the body fluids, leaving the large animal vulnerable to attack until the acid is reconverted, via oxidative metabolism, by the liver into glucose, which is then sent (in part) back to the muscles for glycogen resynthesis.
随着一阵剧烈活动的终结,体液(body fluid)中的乳酸含量极高,致使大动物陷入一种易受攻击的状态,直到乳酸通过氧化新陈代谢过程,由肝脏重新转化成葡萄糖(glucose),这些葡萄糖随后——部分地——被传送回肌肉进行糖原的再合成(glycogenresynthesis)。

Heat pumps circulate a fluid refrigerant that cycles alternatively from its liquid phase to its vapor phase in a closed loop.
热泵将一液体致冷剂加予循环流动,该致冷剂在一封闭的环道内从其液体阶段至气体阶段交替地作循环运动。

Some geologists, however, on the basis of observations concerning mantle xenoliths, argue that the mantle is not layered, but that heterogeneity is created by fluids rich in "incompatible elements" (elements tending toward liquid rather than solid state) percolating upward and transforming portions of the upper mantle irregularly, according to the vagaries of the fluids' pathways.
但是,某些地质学家,以对地幔捕虏岩体(xenolith)所作的观察为依据,指出地幔并非是分层排列的,相反,地幔的异质性是由那些富含“不相容成分”的流质构成的,这些成分趋向于流体而非固体的状态,自下而上渗透扩散,并依照这些流质流向的任意性,不规则地将上部地幔的某些部分予以改变。

Volcanic rock that forms as fluid lava chills rapidly is called pillow lava.
随着流动的溶岩(lava)急骤冷却而形成的火山溶岩被称为枕状溶岩(pilllowlava)。

Doctors in New York say they expect former U.S. President Bill Clinton to make a full recovery from a surgical procedure, lasting almost four hours, to drain fluid from his left lung and remove scar tissue. The doctors expect Mr. Clinton to be walking within 24 hours.
美国前总统克林顿接受历时将近四小时的手术,排除他左肺里的积水并去除疤痕。纽约的医生说,他们预期克林顿会从这次手术中完全恢复,并且在24小时内就下床行走。

Doctors say the fluid and scar tissue are an uncommon complication resulting from the quadruple bypass surgery Mr. Clinton had just six months ago.
医生说,肺部积水和疤痕是克林顿六个月前作心脏搭桥手术所引起的并发症,在类似手术中并不常见。

Dr. Joshua Sonett performed the surgery at New York Presbyterian Hospital at Columbia University Medical Center by making a small incision in Mr. Clinton's chest. He said Mr. Clinton had lost 25 percent of his lung capacity from the combination of fluid and scar tissue.
给克林顿实施手术的是哥伦比亚大学医学中心属下的纽约长老会医院乔舒亚·索纳特医生,他在克林顿的胸口上切了一个小口。他说,因为积水和疤痕的缘故,克林顿失去了25%的肺功能。

"There is nothing wrong with me except that I have a fluid build up between my ribs and my lung and it constricts my breathing and I need to fix it over the long run," Mr. Clinton noted. "But I am otherwise very active and can do fine and they thought it was fine for me to come down here and play golf."
克林顿说,“除了我的肺和我的肋骨之间有一些积水并影响到我的呼吸外,我什么问题都没有,为长远考虑我需要把这个问题解决了。除此之外,我过得很忙,没什么问题。医生觉得我来佛罗里达打高尔夫球不碍事。”

Automatic transmission fluid 自动变速箱油

Brake fluid 煞车油

Fluid coupling 液体耦合器

Transmission fluid 自动变速箱润滑油

超临界流体 supercritical fluid

超临界流体色谱 supercritical fluid chromatography

超临界流体色谱法 supercritical fluid chromatography

超临界流体色谱仪 supercritical fluid chromatograph

超临界流体萃取 supercritical fluid extract,SFE

毛细管超临界流体色谱法 capillary supercritical fluid chromat…

Capacity Measure 容积单位:
Britich 英制
1 pint 品脱=20 fluid oz. 液量盎司=34.68 cu.in. 立方英寸=0.568 litre 升
1 quart 夸脱=2 pints 品脱=1.136 litres 升
1 gallon 加伦=4 quarts 夸脱=4.546 litres 升
1 peck 配克=2 gallons 加伦=9.092 litres 升
1 bushel 蒲式耳=4 pecks 配克=36.4 litres 升
1 quarter 八蒲式耳=8 bushels 蒲式耳=2.91 hectolitres 百升

American liquid 美制液量
1 pint 品脱=16 fluid oz. 液量盎司=28.88 cu.in. 立方英寸=0.473 litre 升
1 quart 夸脱=2 pints 品脱=0.946 litre 升
1 gallon 加伦=4 quarts 夸脱=3.785 litres 升

益气养阴,生津增液,补肺健脾 supplement the vital energy and nourish yin, promote the production of body fluid and saliva

HS3819
Hydraulic brake fluids and other prepared liquids for hydraulic transmission, not containing
闸用液压油等液压传动用液体,含油量<70%

HS38190000
Hydraulic brake fluids & similar liquids with<70% petroleum oil
闸用液压油等液压传动用液体,含油量<70%

HS3820
Anti-freezing preparations and prepared de-icing fluids
防冻剂及解冻剂

HS38200000
Anti-freezing prep.s & prepared de-icing fluids
防冻剂及解冻剂

HS38255000
Wastes of metal pickling liguors, hydraulic fluids, brake fluids
废的金属酸洗液、液压油、制动油及防冻液

HS8609
Containers ( including containers for the transport of fluids ) specially designed and equipp
集装箱(包括运输液体的集装箱)

spsc-12162700
Fluid loss additives
降低失水添加剂

spsc-12162701
Natural polymer fluid loss additives
天然聚合物降低失水添加剂

spsc-12162702
Modified polymer fluid loss additives
改良聚合物降低失水添加剂

spsc-12352207
Cultures and fluids
培养基和培养液

spsc-15121518
Damping fluids
缓冲液

spsc-15121523
Lens preparation fluids
镜头制备润滑油

spsc-20122806
Fluid diverters
分流器

spsc-20131002
Fluid spacers
液体隔离物

spsc-20131006
Spotting fluids
解卡液

spsc-20131200
Completion fluids
完井液

spsc-23171506
Soldering fluid
焊接液

spsc-26111907
Fluid coupling
液力连轴器

spsc-40140000
Fluid and gas distribution
液气分配器

spsc-40142200
Fluid and gas regulators
液体和气体调整仪

spsc-40142202
Fluid regulators
液体调整仪

spsc-40142203
Fluid regulator repair kits
液体调节器修理工具包

spsc-41103300
Fluid mechanics equipment
流体力学设备

spsc-41104912
Fluid presses filter
液压过滤器

spsc-41105901
Animal tissues or bodily fluids
动物组织和体液

spsc-42142401
Medical fluid solidifiers
医用液体凝固器

spsc-42221703
Intravenous or arterial infusion fluid warmers
静脉和动脉注入液加热器

spsc-42261610
Autopsy fluid collection vacuum aspirators or tubing
验尸液体收集真空吸引器和管

spsc-42262003
Embalming fluids or chemical treatments
防腐液和化学处理剂


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