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explain

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explain [ iks'plein] vt.解释;为…辩解

explain [iks'plein] vt. 解释,说明

explain [iks'plein] 说明

Mediocrities can explain everything, and are surprised at nothing.
庸人能够解释一切,他们对任何事都不感到意外。

He was not able to explain how to go on (= how we should go on) with the experiment.
他说不清该如何继续进行这项实验。

The text does not explain the concepts very clearly.
这课文没有把概念解释清楚。

I've just been explaining the basic principles of strategy to my generals.
我一直在给我的将军们讲解战略的基本原则。

They do not know those parts of the doctrine which explain and justify the remainder ; the considerations which show that a fact which seemingly conflicts with another is reconcilable with it, or that, of two apparently strong reasons, one and not the other ought to be preferred.
他们不知道那解释和点明其余部分合理的学说,那些表明似乎与其它相冲突的因素是可以协调一致的,或者应该提出两个明显有力的原因中的一个而不是另一个。

“The biggest construction project of this century”, explained French President Francois Mitterand in January, 1986 as he and then British prime minister Margaret Thatcher jointly announced that the two countries would finally overcome ancient quarrels and prejudices and forge a link across the narrow Channel separating them.
1986年1月,法国总统弗兰西斯· 密特朗解释说:“这是本世纪最大的建设项目。”当时,他和英国首相玛格丽特·撒切尔一起宣布两国将克服一直以来的争论和偏见,铺设一条横穿分隔两国的狭长海峡的地下隧道。

The lawyer explained the new law to us.
律师向我们解释了新法律。

That explains why she is not here.
那就说明了她不在这里的原因。

Read the text first and then explain the new words.
先读课文,然后解释生词。

I didn't quite follow; could you explain it again?
我不太明白,你能再解释一下吗?

什么意思?
What does it mean? *没弄明白对方所说事情时,可以这样积极主动地问。
What do you mean?
Please explain what you mean. (请您解释一下您的意思。)
What are you trying to say? (您想说什么?)
What do you mean by that? (您这是什么意思?)

请给我解释一下。
Explain it to me.
You'd better start explaining.

我把一切告诉你。
I'll fill you in. *fill...in“填满……”、“把……装满”。
So, what happened to my father? (那,我父亲出了什么事情?)
I'll fill you in. (我把一切告诉你。)
I'll tell you all about it.
I'll explain everything.
I'll tell you all the details.

果不其然。
That figures.
We have to work overtime again. (我们还得再加班。)
That figures. (果不其然。)
That makes sense.
No wonder. (不足为奇。)
That explains it.
That's why. (怪不得。)

Could you explain how to fill this out?
请你说明一下怎样填这张表好吗?

Could you please explain the premises of your argument in more detail?
你能详细说明你们的论据吗?

I'm sorry to interrupt, but I'd like you to explain that a little more.
很抱歉,我插个嘴,我希望你多解释一些。

I'd like to explain what makes this factory special.
我要向你说明本工厂的特性。

Could you please explain the premises of your argument in more detail?
你能详细说明你们的论据吗?

A Let’s see the menu. What would you like?
A 咱们看看菜单。你想吃什么?
B I don't know. There're a lot to choose from the menu.
B 我不知道。菜单上有很多菜可以选择。
A Would you like me to help?
A 你愿意我来帮忙吗?
B Yes, please. It's all new to me.
B 当然,请吧。我对这里完全陌生。
A Right, first I'll explain some of the dishes and then you can decide.
A 好的,首先我介绍几个菜,然后你就能决定点什么了。
B Thank you so much. There are so many things on the menu, I don’t know what to choose.
B 非常感谢。菜单上有这么多的菜。我都不知道该选什么了。

A There are so many things in this menu – so many different dishes.
A 这本菜单上东西好多,各种各样的菜式。
B Yes, I think you’ll have to help me and explain them.
Could you translate the menu for me?
B 是呀,我想你可能得帮帮我,解释一些菜式。
你可以为我翻译一下菜单吗?
A Yes, no problem.
A 没问题。.
B Maybe they have a menu in English. Let’s ask the waitress.
B 或者你有一本英文菜单。咱们问问服务员吧。

Good painting is like good cooking; it ca n be tasted, but not explained.
Maurice de vlaminck , French painter 
简单地说,伟大的文学就是包涵极其丰富意义的语言。
美国诗人庞德E 

@@@ 解释, 说明
account for 1.解释, 说明
2.(在数量、比例方面)占
clear up 1.(天气)变晴, 天空晴朗
2.说明, 澄清
defined as 被解释为, 被定义为
dramatized by 通过...得到形象的说明
explain to 向...解释
read sth. into sth. 将本来没有的意思加进去解释, 自以为有某种含义
shed light on 说明; 解释
spell out 讲清楚; 清楚地解释
throw light on sth. 解释, 阐明, 使某人明白

Let me explain why I was late.
让我解释迟到的理由。

add insult to injury越搞越糟,越描越黑
Her awkward attempt to explain her error merely added insult to injury.
她笨拙地企图解释所犯的错误,结果只是越描越黑。

day in court申诉的机会
When Mr. Jones was explaining what has happened, Mr. Smith was silent. He knew he would get his day in court.
琼斯先生解释所发生的事情时,史密斯先生沉默不语,他知道他会有机会申辩的。

- Be too quick on the trigger 操之过急,行动过于仓促
You are always too quick on the trigger. You jump into his throat before he can explain.

I have come to explain that unfortunate affair about the insurance.
我是来解释这件保险的不幸事件的。

申辩 excuse; explain oneself; averment

声辩 argue; explain oneself

explain

辩解 [biàn jiě] /explain/justify/defend (a point of view, etc)/provide an explanation/try to defend oneself/

阐明 [chǎn míng] /clarify/explain clearly/

阐释 [chǎn shì] /to explain/to expound/to interpret/elucidation/

陈 [chén] /arrange/exhibit/narrate/tell/old/stale/a surname/to state/to display/to explain/(surname)/

澄清 [chéng qīng] /(v) settle out; clarify/(v) make understandable; clarify; explain/(n) clarification/(v) settle/

诂 [gǔ] /comment/explain/

讲 [jiǎng] /to talk/speech/to speak/to tell/to explain/

讲解 [jiǎng jiě] /to explain/

交代 [jiāo dài] /hand over/explain/make clear/

解 [jiě] /to separate/to divide/to break up/to loosen/to explain/to untie/to emancipate/

解释 [jiě shì] /explanation/to explain/to interpret/to resolve/

诠 [quán] /explain/comment/

申 [shēn] /(surname)/3-5 p.m./9th earthly branch/extend/to state/to explain/

申述 [shēn shù] /(v) state in detail; explain/

释 [shì] /explain/to release/

说明 [shuō míng] /to explain/to illustrate/explanation/directions/caption/

序言 [xù yán] /(n) preface of a book, used to explain the book's objective/

绎 [yì] /continuous/explain/unravel/

指明 [zhǐ míng] /(v) clearly show; explain clearly/

注解 [zhù jiě] /annotate/annotation/comment/interpretation/explain with notes/explanatory note/

There exists a social and cultural disconnect between journalists and their readers, which helps explain why the "standard templates" of the newsroom seem alien to many readers.
新闻记者和读者之间存在着社会和文化方面的脱节,这就是为什么新闻编辑室的“标准模式”与众多读者的意趣相差甚远的原因。

In a draft preface to the recommendations, discussed at the 17 May meeting, Shapiro suggested that the panel had found a broad consensus that it would be "morally unacceptable to attempt to create a human child by adult nuclear cloning."
在5月17日会议上讨论的建议序言草案中,夏皮罗表示,专家组已取得广泛的共识,认为“试图利用成人细胞核去克隆婴儿将是违背道德伦理的”。
Shapiro explained during the meeting that the moral doubt stems mainly from fears about the risk to the health of the child.
夏皮罗解释说在与会期间,道德上的怀疑主要源于对婴儿健康带来危害的担忧。
The panel then informally accepted several general conclusions, although some details have not been settled.
随后,该小组非正式地接受了几条一般的结论,尽管有些细节尚无定论。

Some of this can be easily explained.
这其中的一些原因很容易解释。

When a continental plate come to rest over a hot spot, the material rising from deeper layer creates a broad dome.
当大陆板块漂移到热点上方,来自地球深层的物质便形成了巨大的圆顶状隆起物。
As the dome grows, it develops deep fissures (cracks); in at least a few cases the continent may break entirely along some of these fissures, so that the hot spot initiates the formation of a new ocean.
随着这个圆顶的增长,板块出现深深的裂缝。至少有几次,大陆可能会沿着其中的一些裂缝完全裂开了,因此这个热点就引发了一个新的海洋的形成。
Thus just as earlier theories have explained the mobility of the continents, so hot spots may explain their mutability (inconstancy).
这样,正像早期的理论解释了大陆的移动性一样,热点理论或许能解释大陆板块的不稳定性。

Rumor has it that more than 20 books on creationism/evolution are in the publisher's pipelines.
有传言说,有20多本关于创世纪论与进化论之争的书即将出版,
A few have already appeared.
有几本已经面世了。
The goal of all will be to try to explain to a confused and often unenlightened citizenry that there are not two equally valid scientific theories for the origin and evolution of universe and life.
所有这些书的目的是试图告诉那些迷糊而且常常是还不开通的芸芸众生:就宇宙和生命的起源与发展问题而言,不可能存在两种都成立的科学理论。

{adj: definable} capable of being defined, limited, or explained
"definable terms"
"definable rules"

{adj: directional} relating to direction toward a (nonspatial) goal
"he tried to explain the directional trends of modern science"

{adj: explanatory} serving or intended to explain or make clear
"explanatory notes"
"an explanatory paragraph"

{adj: indefensible, insupportable, unjustifiable, unwarrantable, unwarranted} incapable of being justified or explained

{adj: inexplicable, incomprehensible} incapable of being explained or accounted for
"inexplicable errors"
"left the house at three in the morning for inexplicable reasons"
<-> explicable

{adj: inhumane} lacking and reflecting lack of pity or compassion
"humans are innately inhumane; this explains much of the misery and suffering in the world"
"biological weapons are considered too inhumane to be used"
<-> humane

{adj: mechanistic} explained in terms of physical forces
"a mechanistic universe"

{adj: odd} not easily explained
"it is odd that his name is never mentioned"

{adj: parenthetic, parenthetical} qualifying or explaining; placed or as if placed in parentheses
"parenthetical remarks"

{adj: soluble} susceptible of solution or of being solved or explained
"the puzzle is soluble"
<-> insoluble

{adj: solved, resolved} explained or answered
"mysteries solved and unsolved; problems resolved and unresolved"
<-> unsolved

{adj: unaccountable, unexplainable} not to be accounted for or explained
"perceptible only as unaccountable influences that hinder progress"
"an unexplainable fear"

{adj: uncomprehending} lacking understanding
"tried to explain to her uncomprehending husband"

{adj: unexplained} not explained
"accomplished by some unexplained process"

{adv: anyhow, anyway, in any case, at any rate, in any event} used to indicate that a statement explains or supports a previous statement
"Anyhow, he is dead now"
"I think they're asleep; anyhow, they're quiet"
"I don't know what happened to it; anyway, it's gone"
"anyway, there is another factor to consider"
"I don't know how it started; in any case, there was a brief scuffle"
"in any event, the government faced a serious protest"
"but at any rate he got a knighthood for it"

{adv: away} out of existence
"the music faded away"
"tried to explain away the affair of the letter"- H.E.Scudder
"idled the hours away"
"her fingernails were worn away"

{adv: flippantly, airily} in a flippant manner
"he answered the reporters' questions flippantly"
"this cannot be airily explained to your children"

{adv: in a nutshell} summed up briefly
"gave the facts in a nutshell"
"just tell me the story in a nutshell"
"explained the situation in a nutshell"

{adv: neurobiological} with respect to neurobiology
"explain the phenomenon neurobiologically"

{adv: shakily} in a manner characterized by trembling or shaking
"`I--I'm going to make you a cup of tea', she explained shakily"

{adv: sketchily} in a sketchy incomplete manner
"he explained sketchily"
"the dishes were only sketchily washed"

{adv: smugly} in a smug manner
"the bureaucrats explained smugly that the facts provided by their own experts show no cause for concern"

{adv: sociobiologically} with respect to sociobiology
"explain the behavior sociobiologically"

{adv: vaguely, mistily} in a vague way
"he looked vaguely familiar"
"he explained it somewhat mistily"

{adv: verbosely, windily, long-windedly, wordily} in a verbose manner
"she explained her ideas verbosely"

{n: Arjuna} (Hindu mythology) the warrior prince in the Bhagavad-Gita to whom Krishna explains the nature of being and of God and how humans can come to know God

{n: Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Ephesians, Epistle to the Ephesians, Ephesians} a New Testament book containing the epistle from Saint Paul to the Ephesians which explains the divine plan for the world and the consummation of this in Christ

{n: Monod, Jacques Monod, Jacques Lucien Monod} French biochemist who (with Francois Jacob) explained how genes are activated and suggested the existence of messenger RNA (1910-1976)

{n: Tyndall, John Tyndall} British physicist (born in Ireland) remembered for his experiments on the transparency of gases and the absorption of radiant heat by gases and the transmission of sound through the atmosphere; he was the first person to explain why the daylight sky is blue (1820-1893)

{n: Weber's law} (psychophysics) the concept that a just-noticeable difference in a stimulus is proportional to the magnitude of the original stimulus
"Weber's law explains why you don't notice your headlights are on in the daytime"

{n: alpha receptor, alpha-adrenergic receptor, alpha-adrenoceptor} receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasoconstriction and relaxation of intestinal muscles and contraction of smooth muscles)

{n: amora} one of a group of rabbis (active AD 250-500) who discussed the Mishnaic law in the law schools of Palestine and Mesopotamia where they explained and applied earlier teachings and whose discussions are recorded in the Talmud; they emphasized the study of Torah and the importance of personal action and the fulfillment of the commandments

{n: backgrounder} a press conference or interview in which a government official explains to reporters the background of an action or policy
"the secretary gave us a backgrounder on public health issues"

{n: basis, base, foundation, fundament, groundwork, cornerstone} the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
"the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture"

{n: beta receptor, beta-adrenergic receptor, beta-adrenoceptor} receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasodilation and increased heart beat)

{n: biologism} use of biological principles in explaining human especially social behavior

{n: detective novel, mystery novel} novel in which the reader is challenged to solve a puzzle before the detective explains it at the end

{n: diagnostic program} a program that recognizes and explains faults in the equipment or mistakes in a computer program

{n: diagram} a drawing intended to explain how something works; a drawing showing the relation between the parts

{n: duality, wave-particle duality} (physics) the property of matter and electromagnetic radiation that is characterized by the fact that some properties can be explained best by wave theory and others by particle theory

{n: dynamism} any of the various theories or doctrines or philosophical systems that attempt to explain the phenomena of the universe in terms of some immanent force or energy

{n: elucidation} an act of explaining that serves to clear up and cast light on

{n: evil, evilness} the quality of being morally wrong in principle or practice
"attempts to explain the origin of evil in the world"
<-> good, goodness

{n: excuse} a note explaining an absence
"he had to get his mother to write an excuse for him"

{n: explanans} (logic) statements that explain the explicandum; the explanatory premises

{n: explanation} the act of explaining; making something plain or intelligible
"I heard his explanation of the accident"

{n: explicandum, explanandum} (logic) a statement of something (a fact or thing or expression) to be explained

{n: exponent} someone who expounds and interprets or explains

{n: expositor, expounder} a person who explains

{n: field theory} (physics) a theory that explains a physical phenomenon in terms of a field and the manner in which it interacts with matter or with other fields

{n: historical school} a school of 19th century German economists and legal philosophers who tried to explain modern economic systems in evolutionary or historical terms

{n: hypothesis, possibility, theory} a tentative theory about the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena
"a scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory"
"he proposed a fresh theory of alkalis that later was accepted in chemical practices"

{n: hypothesis} a proposal intended to explain certain facts or observations

{n: instruction manual, instructions, book of instructions, operating instructions} a manual usually accompanying a technical device and explaining how to install or operate it

{n: interpellation} (parliament) a procedure of demanding that a government official explain some act or policy

{n: irreproducibility} the quality of being unreproducible
"he could not explain the irreproducibility of the results of his experiment"

{n: justification} the act of defending or explaining or making excuses for by reasoning
"the justification of barbarous means by holy ends"- H.J.Muller

{n: key} a list of words or phrases that explain symbols or abbreviations

{n: key} something crucial for explaining
"the key to development is economic integration"

{n: libel} the written statement of a plaintiff explaining the cause of action (the defamation) and any relief he seeks

{n: mechanism} (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes

{n: mystery, enigma, secret, closed book} something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
"how it got out is a mystery"
"it remains one of nature's secrets"

{n: myth} a traditional story accepted as history; serves to explain the world view of a people

{n: neo-Darwinism} a modern Darwinian theory that explains new species in terms of genetic mutations

{n: oddity, oddness} eccentricity that is not easily explained

{n: penis envy} (psychoanalysis) a female's presumed envy of the male's penis; said to explain femininity

{n: picture, pictorial matter} illustrations used to decorate or explain a text
"the dictionary had many pictures"

{n: position paper} a report that explains or justifies or recommends some particular policy

{n: preamble} a preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution (usually explaining its purpose)

{n: rationalization, rationalisation} (psychiatry) a defense mechanism by which your true motivation is concealed by explaining your actions and feelings in a way that is not threatening

{n: readiness, eagerness, zeal, forwardness} prompt willingness
"readiness to continue discussions"
"they showed no eagerness to spread the gospel"
"they disliked his zeal in demonstrating his superiority"
"he tried to explain his forwardness in battle"

{n: scientific theory} a theory that explains scientific observations
"scientific theories must be falsifiable"

{n: solution, answer, result, resolution, solvent} a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem
"they were trying to find a peaceful solution"
"the answers were in the back of the book"
"he computed the result to four decimal places"

{n: teleology} (philosophy) a doctrine explaining phenomena by their ends or purposes

{n: theory} a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies in a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena
"theories can incorporate facts and laws and tested hypotheses"
"true in fact and theory"

{n: title} (usually plural) written material introduced into a movie or TV show to give credits or represent dialogue or explain an action
"the titles go by faster than I can read"

{n: wave mechanics} the modern form of quantum theory; an extension of quantum mechanics based on Schrodinger's equation; atomic events are explained as interactions between particle waves

{v: apologize, apologise, excuse, justify, rationalize, rationalise} defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning
"rationalize the child's seemingly crazy behavior"
"he rationalized his lack of success"

{v: comment} explain or interpret something

{v: demystify} make less mysterious or remove the mystery from
"let's demystify the event by explaining what it is all about"
<-> mystify

{v: excuse, explain} serve as a reason or cause or justification of
"Your need to sleep late does not excuse your late arrival at work"
"Her recent divorce amy explain her reluctance to date again"

{v: explain, explicate} make palin and comprehensible
"He explained the laws of physics to his students"

{v: explain} define
"The committe explained their plan for fund-raising to the Dean"

{v: naturalize} explain with reference to nature

{v: reinterpret, re-explain} interpret from a different viewpoint

{v: riddle} explain a riddle

{v: sympathize, sympathise, empathize, empathise, understand} be understanding of
"You don't need to explain--I understand!"

As they lie together she explains that the Fascists killed her parents and raped her.
他们躺在一起时,玛丽亚叙述了法西斯分子杀害她父母,又强奸她本人的往事。

Guldan explains: " Although one study found that Chinese children absorb higher levels of calcium than those in the West, a lack of regular physical activity slows down the rate of bone building as compared to breaking down----two_ processes simultaneously occurring in our bones throughout life. "
古尔丹解释道: "虽然有一项研究发现中国的孩子比西方的孩子吸收的钙多,但由于缺乏经常性的体育活动,骨形成的速度比骨分解来得缓慢-骨形成和骨分解是在骨中同时进行的两个动态过程,贯穿我们生命的始终。 "

However, he explained, the finding suggests that education allows people to withstand more brain-tissue loss before their mental functioning begins to break down.
然而,他解释说,这项研究成果表明的是,接受过教育的人在大脑功能开始崩溃之前更能经受得住大脑组织的丧失。

In the absence of such medical conditions, Coffey said, education level helps explain the range of brain shrinkage exhibited among the mentally-fit elderly.
科菲称,排除掉这类疾病方面的因素,教育水平的高低有助于解释在智力健康的老年人中出现的大脑萎缩的程度。

Roger used the intercom system to explain what was happening, and to monitor my level of panic.
罗杰通过对讲机解释正在发生的一切,同时监控我的惊恐程度。

Before John went to sleep, I could explain the photographs of Jack and him in his room:
在约翰睡觉之前,我可以在他的房间里拿着杰克和他的合影对他说:

" If you know you 're going to have to score some points to win, you might get nervous, " Bush explained, sitting under a mulberry tree after Korte's class.
"如果你清楚自己还必须取得一定比分才能获胜,你就可能会紧张, "布什在上完科特的课后,坐在一棵桑树了解释说。

" The sheer volume of lead flying through the air was almost unprecedented, " Bell explained in an interview, shortly before being shot.
贝尔在受伤前不久接受的一次采访中说: "几乎从来没见过这么多炸弹从空中呼啸而过。

But as the sun turns, its equatorial gases rotate faster than those at higher latitudes, twisting the magnetic lines " like a rubber band ", explains David Hathaway, a solar physicist at NASA's Marshall Space flight Center.
但是,太阳是旋转的,其赤道地区的大气要比高纬度地区大气的旋转速度更快, NASA 马歇尔空间飞行中心的太阳物理学家大卫·哈撒韦解释道,这就将磁力线 "像橡皮筋一样 "扭得弯弯曲曲。

By causing it " to wobble and shake, " explains NASA's Hathaway, it induces strong electric currents in the atmosphere and on the ground.
NASA 的哈撤韦解释说,通过使地球 "摇摆和晃动 ", "太阳轰炸 "能在大气中和地面上引起强大的电流。

This helps to explain why there is so little juvenile delinquency among them.
这也就解释了为什么在他们当中很少有少年犯罪的发生。

This explains why so many descendants of uneducated laborers have succeeded in becoming doctors, lawyers, and other professionals.
这也就说明了为什么有这么多未受过教育的体力劳动者的后代成功地成为医生、律师及其他的专业人士。

The stigmata are denounced as a conjuring trick( and they disappeared on his death), and many of his so-called miracles are explained as the result of auto-suggestion.
圣伤被公开指责为魔术伎俩(它们在他死时消失了),而许多他所谓的奇迹被解释为自我暗示的结果。

" It means, " John explained, " we must keep loving each other and be happy for what we have, even if it is not much.
"这就是说, "约在解释道, "我们必须彼此相爱,并为我们所拥有的感到高兴,即使我们拥有的并不多。
Because if the heart has no love we are dead. "
因为,如果心中没有爱,我们就死亡了。 "

When the signed papers were returned, shortly after, Zoe tactfully explained the position to the child.
不久,有德萨扎太太签过字的文件寄回时,佐伊圆通得体地向孩子解释了这一情况。

When asked whether the World Cup finals in France and their concert at Paris would be their last as the Three Tenors at a football World Cup, Pavarotti snapped, half seriously, " Are you joking?
当被问到法国世界杯决赛和他们的巴黎音乐会是不是他们在世界杯足球赛上最后一次三人一同出场时,帕瓦罗蒂插进来,半开玩笑地说: "你开什么玩笑?
We try to explain how much we enjoy singing together.
我们在试图解释我们是多么喜欢一起歌唱。
Do you really think Paris is going to be the last one?
你真的觉得巴黎是最后一次吗?
I hope not. "
我希望不是。 "

Mother tried to explain, and now I understand.
妈妈曾努力解释过这一点,如今我真正感悟到了。

Explaining the theme of the movie, Benigni told Entertainment Weekly that the film " is not a comedy about the Holocaust, because that's impossible. "
在解释该片主题时,贝尼尼告诉《娱乐周刊》的记者,这部影片 "不是一部关于大屠杀的喜剧,因为那根本不可能。 "

Amazed, I tried to explain that I wanted him to keep it.
我惊讶地力图说明我要他保存这只手表的意思。
No, he would not let me give it to him.
不,他不让我给他手表。

He explains that ancient peoples distrusted the spoken word alone, and they used the handclasp to signify that their promise was backed up by the power of their heart--i.e., their blood.
他解释说,古代人不仅仅相信口头上说的话,他们采用抓着对方的手来表明他们的许诺是由他们的心-即他们的血-的力量做保证的。

When they meet secretly later the same day, Roxy explains how she changed the children over.
当天晚些时候他们秘密会面,罗西讲述了当年她掉换婴儿的经过。

I don't share that fear, and let me explain why.
我没有这种忧虑,让我来给你解释为什么。

This is the idea that if you want to explain some big, complex problem in biology( like why some particular bird migrates south for the winter, or why a particular person becomes schizophrenic), the answer lies in understanding the building blocks that make up those phenomena and that those building blocks are ultimately genes.
即,如果你想要解释某个重大的、复杂的生物学问题(如:某种鸟类为什么要迁徙到南方过冬,或某个人为什么会得精神分裂症),答案就在于了解构成这些现象的基本因素-而那些基本因素归根结底就是基因。

Explains Joe: " The bloodline's good. "
乔解释说: "她血统好。 "

Hence the name - " You get something just for having 'been' there, " explains Beenz.com Chairman and CEO Philip Letts.
这即是 Beenz 网站名字的含义着 Beenz.com 的董事长兼首席执行官菲利普·莱特解释说:只要访问 Beenz 网站,你就能得到奖励。

Some have observed that during stress, neurogenesis in the learning center of the brain in several animal species slows considerably - which may help explain depressive episodes that accompany stress.
一些科学家观察到,在紧张状态下,一些动物的大脑学习区内的神经形成速度明显放慢。这可以帮助我们解释抑郁为什么总是伴随紧张而来。

These delays help explain why a heart-attack patient who doesn't experience chest pains is twice as likely to die at the hospital as someone who does.
这耽搁恰好说明了心脏病发作不感到胸口痛的患者死亡率要比感到疼痛的患者高一倍的原因。

Though occupied with his lonely struggle to develop a unified field theory that would explain both gravity and electromagnetism in a single mathematical framework, he watched Germany's increasing militarism with alarm.
当时他正一个人潜心探索一可以在一个单一数学框架内解释地心引力和电磁的统一场论。发现德国军国主义情绪不断升级之后,他不禁大吃一惊。

That helps explain the company's stellar returns: since 1994, profit attributable to shareholders has risen by more than 500%.
这恰好说明了公司在收益方面的绝好表现:自 1994年以来,公司股东应得利润上涨了 500%以上。

Mobile phone maker Nokia, for instance, uses Razorfish and other small e-focused firms to help it design its Web strategy. hey understand the medium better than the larger firms, explains Sami Oinonen, Nokia's Internet manager.
例如,移动电话制造商诺基亚公司邀请 Razorfish 及其他几家以信息技术为主的小公司帮助它设计网络战略。诺基亚互联网业务部经理萨米·奥农内解释说:一些大公司相比,它们更了解这媒体。

Many astronomers, Tyson explains, now believe that Pluto is not a full-fledged planet. )
泰森解释说,许多天文学家现在认为冥王星并不是一个完整的行星。)

" You 're sort of between a bicyclist and a pedestrian, and can go where both go, " explains 40-year-old George Von Kreisler, a post-production manager who scoots between film studios in Cologne using his Micro all over town. 40岁的电影后期制作经理乔治·冯·克莱斯勒说:有了它,你既像在骑自行车,又像在步行,可以说是两者兼备。他经常滑滑他的 Micro 踏板车在科隆的制片之间穿梭。

Dell's system comes with a CD-ROM that has a video-based setup tutorial that, among other things, explains as well as show how to put a PCI card into your desktop machine.
戴尔的产品带有一张视频安装指南光盘,介绍并演示了如何将 PCI 卡装入台式电脑。

As Julie Gilhart, vice president for fashion merchandising, explains, we are in a T-shirt moment.
负责时装销售的公司副总裁朱莉·吉尔哈特说:现在流行恤衫。

This also, perhaps, explains why Jane falls in love with him.
而这大概也正好能解释简为什么会以心相许。

I could make up some elaborate excuse to explain why, I was dropping virtual water balloons on taxis, bicyclists and innocent pedestrians traversing my computer screen.
我可以编造一个无懈可击的理由,来解释为什么我会向电脑屏幕上来回移动的出租车、骑自行车的人和无辜的行人空投装满水的虚拟球。

The porter brings your bags to your room and helpfully explains how to access CNN. He shows you how to turn on the lights and adjust the air-conditioner.
行李员把你的行李搬到房间,向你解释如何收看 CNN ,告诉你怎么开灯,怎么把空调调好。

In September 1945 Emperor Hirohito, shamed by defeat, explained in a letter to his 12-year-old son Akihito that Japan's military had over-emphasized martial spirit and neglected science. 1945年 9月,蒙受战败耻辱的裕仁天皇在写给他 12岁的儿子明仁的信中解释说,日本军方过度强调武士道精神,而忽略了科学的力量。

" I don't care how you say it, " Edwards explains.
爱德华斯解释说:我不在乎别人怎么看。

" In a business like Esprit, you have to understand the psychology of the masses, " explains Ying.
在像思捷这样的企业中,您必须了解大众的心理。邢李火原解释说。

" Our song is just about doing something positive to the maximum, " explains Magyd Cherfi, one of Zebda's three singers and its principal lyricist.
我们唱歌的目的就是想多作一些有意义的事。 Zebda 乐队三位歌手之一及该乐队主要歌词作者马吉德·彻尔弗说。

" The typical car has more than 50 microprocessors in it, " explains Jerry Fiddler, chairman and co-founder of Wind River.
普通汽车要安装 50多个微处理器, Wind River 公司创建人之一、现任公司董事会主席杰里·菲德勒解释说。

To clarify, he explained that Britons, unlike Angelenos, " hate anyone who succeeds. "
他进一步解释说,与洛杉矶人不同,英国人憎恨每个成功的人。

And yet their pitch was convincing precisely because they could explain the nuances of wedding registries to highly credulous men.
但正是由于她们能把网上结婚礼品店的微妙之处向轻信的男人解释清楚,她们的推销才有说服力。

This explains how many large species have managed to compete with their more active neighbor: the compensation for a low oxidative metabolic rate is glycolysis.  
这足以解释许多庞大的动物种类如何得以成功地与它们那些更为活跃的“邻居”相竞争抗衡的:对于较低的氧化新陈代谢率,动物的补偿机制就是糖酵解。

Vinaver's theory comfortably explained away the apparent contradictions of chronology and made each romance independently satisfying.
令人舒畅的是,维纳弗的理论解释掉了明显的年代学矛盾,使每一部罗曼司可以独立地自成一体。

But compass sense alone cannot explain how birds navigate the ocean: after a flock traveling east is blown far south by a storm, it will assume the proper northeasterly course to compensate.
但是,方位感本身不足以解释鸟类是如何在海洋上空导航的:当一群东飞的候鸟被暴风雨吹向偏南方之后,这群鸟会采取适度的东北方向以补偿误差。

Many theories have been formulated to explain the role of grazers such as zooplankton in controlling the amount of planktonic algae (phytoplankton) in lakes.
科学家迄今已阐述了诸多理论,用以解释诸如浮游动物(zooplankton)一类的食草动物(grazer)在控制湖泊中浮游水藻(浮游植物,phytoplankton)数量这方面的作用。

This restraint largely explains her lack of popular success during her lifetime, even if her talent did not go completely unrecognized by her eighteenth-century French contemporaries.
这种克制在很大程度上足以解释她有生之年何以会缺乏普遍的成功,虽然她的艺术禀赋并没有遭到其十八世纪法国同代人的彻底漠视。

I do not mean that one can adequately explain the eloquence of her work in terms of its political origins, or that left-wing politics were the single most important influence on it.
我并非意指我们凭藉其作品的政治缘源就能充分解释其作品的力度,也不是意指左翼政治是对其作品所产生的唯一最重要的影响。

The Handlins explain the appearance of legal slavery by arguing that, during the 1660's, the position of White servants was improving relative to that of Black servants.
在解释法律上的奴隶制度何以会出现时,汉德林夫妇辩解道:十七世纪六十年代期间,白人佣人的地位相对于黑人佣人的地位不断上升。

Freyre and Tannenbaum have rightly argued that the lack of certain traditions in North America—such as a Roman conception of slavery and a Roman Catholic emphasis on equality—explains why the treatment of Black slaves was more severe there than in the Spanish and Portuguese colonies of South America.
弗雷耶尔(Freyre)和坦纳博姆(Tannenbaum)不无道理地指出,北美洲某些传统的缺失——诸如古罗马有关奴隶制度的观念以及罗马天主教对于平等的强调——可以说明黑人奴隶在那里的待遇何以要比在南美洲西班牙和葡萄牙殖民地的黑人奴隶的待遇更为苛刻。

If, as the initial tests with cDNA probes suggest, peptide hormones really are made in the brain in areas other than the hypothalamus, a theory must be developed that explains their function in the brain.
假若正如对cDNA探子所作的最初测试所表明的那样,肽激素真的是在大脑中下丘脑以外的别处被制造出来的话,那么就必须建立一种理论,以解释它们在大脑中的功能。

There have been attempts to explain these taboos in terms of inappropriate social relationships either between those who are involved and those who are not simultaneously involved in the satisfaction of a bodily need, or between those already satiated and those who appear to be shamelessly gorging.
人们试图对这些禁忌作出解释,所依据的要么是那些正置身于某一身体需要满足的人与那些并置身于某一身体需要之满足的人之间的,要么是那些早已酒足饭饱的人与那些正在不知羞耻地狼吞虎咽失之间的不相称的社会关系。

As new observations are collected, he explains they must be integrated into the web.
他解释道,随着新的观察被收集到,它们必须被综合到这一网络中。

"The biggest story seems to be what's happened to the onshore infrastructure," he explained. "Natural gas processing plants are flooded. Refineries are flooded. So, even if you could turn on all the different production platforms we have in the Gulf of Mexico, you wouldn't be able to do so because the onshore infrastructure still needs to be repaired."
他说:“最大的损失可能是岸上的设施,天然气加工厂被洪水淹没,炼油厂也被淹没。所以即使墨西哥湾的所有海上平台恢复生产,那也无济于事,因为那些岸上的设施也需要修理。”

"Lethal force is something that we would try to avoid at all costs," he explained. "We are here to help the people of Louisiana, not to inflict damage on them. The only reason we come armed is for self protection, and if it is necessary to have arms and ammunition to preserve a safe and secure environment down here, then we have that equipment on hand, but we do not want to use it."
他说:“我们尽一切可能避免使用武力,我们是来帮助路易斯安那州人的,不是来伤害他们。我们全副武装到这里来的唯一原因是保护自己,如果不得不使用武器和弹药来保持一个安全的环境,我们有这个装备,不过我们不希望使用武力。”

The deputy assistant commissioner of London's transport police, Andy Trotter, explained the objectives of the operation during an interview on British radio. "There's no specific intelligence, but London is on a very high state of alert, and it is the [4-week] anniversary of the first attack, and we're out there in large numbers," he said. "We are using all the tactics at our disposal to deter any attack on the system and to make sure that the system runs safely today."
交通警察助理、副警长特洛特在接受一家电台采访时说:“我们并没有具体的恐怖袭击情报。但是,伦敦处于高度戒备,第一次恐怖袭击正好是在四个星期前发生的。我们出动了大批警力,动用了所有可以使用的手段,阻止任何可能发生的袭击,确保交通系统安全运行。”

But he said administration officials understand the genuine feeling about the issue in the Muslim world, and are thus trying to explain the U.S. position and commitment to religious rights as clearly as possible.
但是他说,美国政府官员理解穆斯林世界对这一事件的真实情感,因而正在尽可能清楚地解释美国的立场和对宗教权利的承诺。

"The celebrations of the 60th anniversary of Victory in Europe day will be more ceremonial, and, of course, it will be more a public relations show, more a propaganda event, for [President] Putin to demonstrate his popularity among Western leaders," he explained. "So, I don't believe the issues of substance will be really high during these ceremonial events."
沃尔克:“欧洲二战胜利60周年庆祝仪式将是更礼仪性的活动,是展示公关的活动、宣传性质的活动,是为了让普京显示他在西方领导人中的声望。所以我认为在这些活动中不会有很多实质性的内容。”

The U.S. mission to the United Nations Friday sent U.N. correspondents a transcript of a Congressional hearing earlier this week at which the Turkish and Jordanian exemptions were explained in detail.
美国驻联合国代表团星期五发给各国驻联合国记者们一份本星期早些时候国会听证会的记录。在那次听证会上,对于土耳其和约旦的豁免决定进行了详细的解释。

Asked to explain Mr. Annan's comments, U.N. spokesman Fred Eckhard said the secretary-general had thought he was speaking off the record.
当有人要求联合国发言人埃克哈德解释安南的言论时,他说, 秘书长当时以为自己的发言是不供引用的。

The tremendous power of the event suggests a novel solution to a long-standing astronomical mystery. Scientists want to know the origins of the strange phenomenon of brief gamma ray bursts observed hundreds of times over recent decades. They say these short-duration flashes emit gamma rays in the same way the neutron star did in December and that such stars could explain a large number of the occurrences.
这次事件的巨大能量甚至可以认为是长期存在的天文学之迷的一种离奇解释。科学家们想知道伽马射线短暂爆发这种奇特现象的起源,在最近的几十年里他们观测到了几百次这种现象。他们表示这些短暂的闪亮和12月的中子星释放伽玛射线的道理是一样的。 这些恒星可以解释以前发生的一些现象。

Appearing on the Fox News Sunday television program, one of the president's closest advisors, Dan Bartlett, explained his remarks this way: "There was a case made that the course taken by this administration was the wrong coarse when it came to Iraq. It was heard by the American people, and they embraced President Bush's vision."
布什总统最密切的顾问之一丹·巴特利特在福克斯星期天新闻电视节目中解释布什总统的讲话说,“有人说,布什政府在伊拉克问题上采取的行动是错误的。美国人民听到了这种说法,但他们支持布什对未来的展望。”

House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi says the president needs to explain to Americans why he was so wrong for so long about the reasons for war.
国会众议院民主党领袖佩洛西指出,布什总统需要向美国人民解释,为什么在有关战争理由的问题他会出现这么大的失误,而且持续这么长时间。

Charoen Nitithamyong, a marine biologist at Thailand's Chulalongkorn University, explains how debris - such as furniture and vehicles - dragged off land by the giant waves caused the damage.
查隆·尼提他姆扬是泰国国立朱拉隆功大学的海洋生物学家,他解释了家具和汽车等物体被巨浪卷入海中之后是如何对海洋生物造成损害的。

"Coral is an animal but they have algae living inside the coral and those algae need the light to photosynthesize," he explained. "So when the corals are covered by these things the coral couldn't survive."
他说,“珊瑚是动物,但是珊瑚里面有海藻生存。那些海藻需要光线来进行光合作用,现在杂物把珊瑚压住了,珊瑚内的生物就生存不下去了。”

This homeowner explains why he decorates. "Most people are awed by it." 'I have never seen anything like this.' And that makes us feel good.' It sort of makes it worth the effort it takes to put it up," he says.
有位房子的主人解释了他为什么要搞圣诞装饰。他说:“很多人看到我们的圣诞装饰后都惊叹不已,他们说:我从来没有看到这样的装饰,这让我们感到欣慰,我们觉得自己的努力值得的。”

"The women had identified such needs as the need for firewood, which is the main source of energy in the rural areas, the need for food, the need for clean drinking water, the need for building materials," she explained. "As you can see, all of those are fruits of the land. At that time also there was soil erosion because of deforestation of the upstream, especially up on the mountains. So I got this idea almost in passing that if we planted the trees we would be able to address some of these needs that the women had and we would be able to stabilize the soil. We started that way, but eventually it moved to other areas. It moved to issues of democracy, issues of human rights, women's rights, issues of peace. But initially it was a very basic activity of meeting the needs of rural women."
马塔伊说:“ 妇女们需要柴火,那是农村地区最重要的能源来源。她们需要食物和清洁的饮用水,还需要建筑材料。可以看出,这些都产自于土地,而当时由于上游的森林被砍伐,尤其是山里树木减少,造成了土壤流失。因此,我立刻想到,如果种树,就可以解决这些妇女的需要,并且可以保护土壤。我们就这样开始了,后来又扩大到其它领域,比如民主、人权、妇女权利以及和平等。而我们的初衷是解决农村妇女的基本需求。”

Voter #1: "I think President Bush has explained his points very clearly, how he stands."
一名选民说:“我认为布什总统已经非常清楚地阐述了他的观点、他的立场。”

President Bush is trying to clear up some confusion surrounding a Monday television interview in which he said he does not think the war on terrorism can be won.White House officials moved quickly to explain that what the president meant is that this is not a conventional battle that will end with a formal armistice.
布什总统试图澄清有关他星期一在一场电视采访中就反恐战争能否打赢的谈话所引起的疑虑。白宫官员迅速做出解释,他们说布什总统的意思是,反恐战争并不像一般传统的战争那样能够以正式休战来做结束

F02.4*
Dementia in human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease (B22.0+)
Dementia developing in the course of HIV disease, in the absence of a concurrent illness
or condition other than HIV infection that could explain the clinical features.
发生於人类免疫缺乏病毒 [HIV] 疾病之痴呆 (B22.0+)  
在人类免疫缺乏病毒疾病病程中发生之痴呆 , 除了
HIV 感染可解释此发现外 , 并无其他疾病或状况同时
存在。 

.5
Psychotic disorder  
A cluster of psychotic phenomena that occur during or following psychoactive substance use
but that are not explained on the basis of acute intoxication alone and do not form part
of a withdrawal state. The disorder is characterized by hallucinations (typically
auditory, but often in more than one sensory modality), perceptual distortions, delusions
(often of a paranoid or persecutory nature), psychomotor disturbances (excitement or
stupor), and an abnormal affect, which may range from intense fear to ecstasy. The
sensorium is usually clear but some degree of clouding of consciousness, though not severe
confusion, may be present.
Alcoholic:
. hallllcinosis
. jealousy
. paranoia
. psychosis NOS
Excludes: alcohol- or other psychoactive substance-induced residual and late-onset
psychotic disorder (F10-F19 with common fourth character .7)
精神病症
精神作用物质在使用中或刚用过後 , 可能会产生许
多种类的精神病性症状 , 这些症状不是急性中毒 ,


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