英语学习词典
  

excess

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excess [ ik'ses, 'ekses] n.超越;过量;过度

excess [ ik'ses, 'ekses] n.过度行为,暴行

go to excess 走极端

in excess of 超过

in excess of 超过

in excess of
超过

excess [ik'ses ] n. 过分,过量,过剩

excesses [ ] n.过份荒淫的行为

过度开垦 excess reclamation

过度开垦 excess reclamation

excess remuneration
额外薪酬

Excess 额外的,余额,超额

excess profit 超额利润

过量空气系数
coefficient of excess air

加浓器
excess fuel device

The best things carried to excess are wrong.
最好的东西超过限度也会变坏。

If you take more luggage than is allowed, you will have to pay for the excess luggage.
如果你的行李超重,你得额外付费。

This excess of losses over profits will ruin the business.
这种亏损超过赢利的情况会使企业垮掉的。

He spends too much money; his excesses put him into debt.
他花钱太厉害,过度的开销使他背上了债务。

This plane can reach speeds in excess of 1000 kilometers an hour.
这架飞机可以达到每小时一千公里以上的速度。

Where am I supposed to pay the excess train fare?
我应该在哪里补票?

How much is the excess baggage charge?
超额行李费多少钱?

in excess of 超过

过量 [guò liàng] /excess/

过剩 [guò shèng] /surplus/excess/

冗员 [rǒng yuán] /excess personnel/

酗酒 [xù jiǔ] /(v) binge drink; drink to excess/

One more reason not to lose sleep over the rise in oil prices is that, unlike the rises in the 1970s, it has not occurred against the background of general commodity-price inflation and global excess demand.
另外一个不应因油价上升而失眠的原因是,与20世纪70年代不同,这次油价上升不是发生在普遍的物价暴涨及全球需求过旺背景之下。

Being a man has always been dangerous.
做男人总是充满危险,
There are about 105 males born for every 100 females, but this ratio drops to near balance at the age of maturity, and among 70-year-olds there are twice as many women as men.
出生时男女比例大约是105:100,但到了成熟期,这一比例几乎持平,而在70岁的老人中女性是男性的两倍,
But the great universal of male mortality is being changed.
但是男性死亡率普遍偏高这种情况正在改变,
Now, by babies survive almost as well as girls do.
现在男婴存活率几乎同女婴一样高。
This means that, for the first time, there will be an excess of boys in those crucial years when the are searching for a mate.
这就意味着男孩到了寻找伴侣的关键年龄将首次出现男孩过剩现象。
More important, another chance for natural selection has been removed.
更重要的是,又一次自然选择的机会不复存在了。

First of all, most substances taken in excess will produce negative effects such as poisoning or intense perceptual distortions.
首先,大多数物质的过量使用都会产生负面影响,如中毒或严重的感知错乱。
Repeated use of a substance can also lead to physical addiction or substance dependence.
反复使用一种物质可以导致成瘾或对该物质的依赖。

{adj: acidic} being or containing an acid; of a solution having an excess of hydrogen atoms (having a pH of less than 7)
<-> alkaline, amphoteric

{adj: atrocious, flagitious, grievous, heinous, monstrous} shockingly brutal or cruel
"murder is an atrocious crime"
"a grievous offense against morality"
"a grievous crime"
"no excess was too monstrous for them to commit"

{adj: azotemic, uremic, uraemic} of or involving excess nitrogenous waste products in the urine (usually due to kidney insufficiency)

{adj: cautious, conservative} avoiding excess
"a conservative estimate"

{adj: corked, corky} (of wine) tainted in flavor by a cork containing excess tannin
"a corked port"

{adj: encumbered} loaded to excess or impeded by a heavy load
"a summer resort...encumbered with great clapboard-and-stucco hotels"- A.J.Liebling
"a hiker encumbered with a heavy backpack"
"an encumbered estate"
<-> unencumbered

{adj: excess, extra, redundant, spare, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary, surplus} more than is needed, desired, or required
"trying to lose excess weight"
"found some extra change lying on the dresser"
"yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"
"skills made redundant by technological advance"
"sleeping in the spare room"
"supernumerary ornamentation"
"it was supererogatory of her to gloat"
"delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"
"extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"
"surplus cheese distributed to the needy"

{adj: gluttonous} given to excess in consumption of especially food or drink
"over-fed women and their gluttonous husbands"
"a gluttonous debauch"
"a gluttonous appetite for food and praise and pleasure"
<-> abstemious

{adj: lean, skimpy} containing little excess
"a lean budget"
"a skimpy allowance"

{adj: oversubscribed} sold in excess of available supply especially season tickets
"the opera season was oversubscribed"

{adj: sensual, sultry} sexually exciting or gratifying
"sensual excesses"
"a sultry look"
"a sultry dance"

{adj: thin, lean} lacking excess flesh
"you can't be too rich or too thin"
"Yon Cassius has a lean and hungry look"-Shakespeare
<-> fat

{adv: beyond measure} in excess or without limit
"amazed beyond measure"

{adv: ultra vires} beyond the scope or in excess of legal power or authority

{n: Bessemer process} an industrial process for making steel using a Bessemer converter to blast air through molten iron and thus burning the excess carbon and impurities; the first successful method of making steel in quantity at low cost

{n: Conn's syndrome} disturbances in saltwater balance and symptoms of weakness and muscular cramps and twitching and convulsions and sometimes paralysis; usually caused by a benign tumor of the cortex of the adrenal gland that leads to excess secretion of aldosterone

{n: Las Vegas} largest city in Nevada; located in southeastern Nevada; originally settled by Mormons but is now famous for entertainment and gambling and general excess

{n: acidosis} abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues

{n: alcoholic, alky, dipsomaniac, boozer, lush, soaker, souse} a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually

{n: auction, auction bridge} a variety of bridge in which tricks made in excess of the contract are scored toward game; now generally superseded by contract bridge

{n: azoturia} excess of urea in the urine

{n: bilirubin, hematoidin, haematoidin} an orange-yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice

{n: bloodletting} formerly used as a treatment to reduce excess blood (one of the four humors of medieval medicine)

{n: bridle, check, curb} the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess
"his common sense is a bridle to his quick temper"

{n: budget deficit} an excess of expenditures over revenues

{n: carotenemia, xanthemia} excess carotene in the blood stream; can cause the skin to turn a pale yellow or red color

{n: cash flow} the excess of cash revenues over cash outlays in a give period of time (not including non-cash expenses)

{n: charge, electric charge} the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons
"the battery needed a fresh charge"

{n: chronic bronchitis} a form of bronchitis characterized by excess production of sputum leading to a chronic cough and obstruction of air flow

{n: cost overrun} excess of cost over budget
"the cost overrun necessitated an additional allocation of funds in the budget"

{n: deficit} an excess of liabilities over assets (usually over a certain period)
"last year there was a serious budgetary deficit"

{n: dipsomania, alcoholism, potomania} an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess

{n: drainage ditch} a ditch for carrying off excess water or sewage

{n: drainage system} a system of watercourses or drains for carrying off excess water

{n: drink, drinking, boozing, drunkenness, crapulence} the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess
"drink was his downfall"

{n: drinker, imbiber, toper, juicer} a person who drinks alcoholic beverages (especially to excess)
<-> nondrinker

{n: economic rent, rent} the return derived from cultivated land in excess of that derived from the poorest land cultivated under similar conditions

{n: energy, vim, vitality} a healthy capacity for vigorous activity
"jogging works off my excess energy"
"he seemed full of vim and vigor"

{n: excess, excessiveness, inordinateness} immoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits

{n: excess, surplus, surplusage, nimiety} a quantity much larger than is needed

{n: exorbitance, outrageousness} excessive excess

{n: face lift, facelift, lift, face lifting, cosmetic surgery, rhytidectomy, rhytidoplasty, nip and tuck} plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and other signs of aging from your face; an incision is made near the hair line and skin is pulled back and excess tissue is excised
"some actresses have more than one face lift"

{n: fatness, fat, blubber, avoirdupois} excess bodily weight
"she disliked fatness in herself as well as in others"
<-> leanness

{n: federal deficit} an excess of the federal government's spending over its revenue
"federal deficits can cause inflation"

{n: fibrosis} development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ

{n: glutton, gourmand, gourmandizer, trencherman} a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

{n: gluttony, overeating, gula} eating to excess (personified as one of the deadly sins)

{n: gluttony} habitual eating to excess

{n: hydramnios} an abnormality of pregnancy; accumulation of excess amniotic fluid

{n: hydrarthrosis} inflammation and swelling of a movable joint because of excess synovial fluid

{n: hydremia} blood disorder in which there is excess fluid volume compared with the cell volume of the blood

{n: hyoscyamine} a poisonous crystalline alkaloid (isometric with atropine but more potent); used to treat excess motility of the gastrointestinal tract

{n: hyperpituitarism} excessive activity of the pituitary gland (especially overactivity of the anterior lobe which leads to excess secretion of growth hormone)

{n: idolization, idolisation} the act of worshiping blindly and to excess

{n: intemperance, intemperateness, self-indulgence} excess in action and immoderate indulgence of bodily appetites, especially in passion or indulgence
"the intemperance of their language"

{n: kalemia} the presence of excess potassium in the circulating blood

{n: kaliuresis, kaluresis} the presence of excess potassium in the urine

{n: ketone body, acetone body} a ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the body; any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, acetone, and/or beta-hydroxybutyric acid) found in excess in blood and urine of persons with metabolic disorders

{n: lipemia, lipaemia, lipidemia, lipidaemia, lipoidemia, lipoidaemia, hyperlipemia, hyperlipaemia, hyperlipidemia, hyperlipidaemia, hyperlipoidemia, hyperlipoidaemia} presence of excess lipids in the blood

{n: net income, net, net profit, lucre, profit, profits, earnings} the excess of revenues over outlays in a given period of time (including depreciation and other non-cash expenses)

{n: overage} a surplus or excess of money or merchandise that is actually on hand and that exceeds expectations

{n: overdraft} a draft in excess of the credit balance

{n: overindulgence, excess} excessive indulgence
"the child was spoiled by overindulgence"

{n: overplus, plethora, superfluity, embarrassment} extreme excess
"an embarrassment of riches"

{n: punitive damages, exemplary damages, smart money} (law) compensation in excess of actual damages (a form of punishment awarded in cases of malicious or willful misconduct)

{n: reducing} loss of excess weight (as by dieting); becoming slimmer
"a doctor supervised her reducing"

{n: respiratory acidosis, carbon dioxide acidosis} acidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs (as in emphysema or pneumonia); excess carbon dioxide combines with water to form carbonic acid which increases the acidity of the blood

{n: scrub plane} a narrow woodworking plane used to cut away excess stock

{n: sobriety, temperance} abstaining from excess

{n: spare tire, love handle} excess fat around the waistline

{n: spillway, spill, wasteweir} a channel that carries excess water over or around a dam or other obstruction

{n: surfeit, excess, overabundance} the state of being more than full

{n: talcum, talcum powder} a toilet powder made of purified talc and usually scented; absorbs excess moisture

{n: temperance, moderation} the trait of avoiding excesses
<-> intemperance

{n: trade deficit} an excess of imports over exports

{n: whist, long whist, short whist} a card game for four players who form two partnerships; a pack of 52 cards is dealt and each side scores one point for each trick it takes in excess of six

{v: clog, overload} fill to excess so that function is impaired
"Fear clogged her mind"
"The story was clogged with too many details"

{v: cloy, pall} cause surfeit through excess though initially pleasing
"Too much spicy food cloyed his appetite"

{v: flood, oversupply, glut} supply with an excess of
"flood the market with tennis shoes"
"Glut the country with cheap imports from the Orient"

{v: hit} consume to excess
"hit the bottle"

{v: idolize, idolise, worship, hero-worship, revere} love unquestioningly and uncritically or to excess ; venerate as an idol
"Many teenagers idolized the Beatles"

{v: indulge, luxuriate} enjoy to excess

{v: overproduce} produce in excess
"The country overproduces cars"

{v: overproduce} produce in excess ; produce more than needed or wanted

{v: overrefine, over-refine} refine too much or with excess of subtlety
"He is overrefining this matter"

{v: renegociate, renegotiate} revise the terms of in order to limit or regain excess profits gained by the contractor
"We renegociated our old mortgage now that the interest rates have come down"

Price says O'Neill had a personal fear that he had caused his own brain disease by excess drinking and that this myth has haunted both him and his family.
普赖斯说,奥尼尔个人曾担心他过量饮酒已导致自己患有大脑疾病,而这种错误的想法已成为奥尼尔及其家人挥之不去的阴影。

When it comes to walking off those millennial excesses, a lengthy hike once a day will do you far more good than nipping down to the shops every couple of hours--even if the short walks add up to the same amount of time, say exercise researchers in Britain.
英国研究运动的人士说,就散步减肥而言,每天作一次长距离步行给你带来的好处远远超过每隔几小时逛一次商场-即便短距离步行累计的时间相同。

DRUGS FOR HYPERTENSION How They Work DIURETICS Eliminate excess water BETA-BLOCKERS Slow down the heart rate ACE INHIBITORS Block a muscle-contracting enzyme CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS Relax the walls of blood vessels ALPHA-BLOCKERS Inhibit part of the nervous system
治疗高血压药物的作用原理利尿剂去除过量水分 b2阻滞剂减缓过快的心率 ACE 抑制剂拦截收缩肌肉的钙通道阻滞剂扩充血管壁 a2阻滞剂抑制部分神经系统

Diuretics work by prompting the body to eliminate excess water.
利尿剂通过促使身体排除过量水分来降低血压。

It had long been postulated to act as a chemical scissors that helps snip away pieces of excess protein protruding from brain cells, thereby creating the debris that gathers into the toxic plaques called amyloid.
长期以来,这种分泌一直被认为是一把化学剪刀,协助剪断脑细胞上突出的蛋白质,形成许多蛋白质碎片。这些碎片聚集成被称为淀粉体的毒源。

Excess heat warms nearby homes and agricultural greenhouses.
多余的热能用来给附近的住户和温室农作物供暖。

" People would lose their excess weight and that would be it. "
人们希望减掉多余的体重,就是这样。

We can probably develop technologies to deal with excess carbon, but the most direct way to control carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is not to put it there in the first place.
我们可以开发科技以处理过多的二氧化碳,但是控制二氧化碳含量最直接的办法是根本不把它排放到大气里。

Alcohol in excess is still bad for you, but a glass of wine with dinner is probably fine for nonalcoholics.
过量酒精仍然有害,可是,以一杯红酒佐餐对非嗜酒者恐怕无害。

But more immediately relevant to game theory are the sex ratios in certain parasitic wasp species that have a large excess of females.
但是,与博弈理论更为直接相关的是某些寄生性黄蜂种类的性别比例,雌性黄蜂占有绝对的过量。

excess profit tax 超额利润税

insurance policy or certificate settling agent's name is to be indicated, any additional premium to cover uplift between 10 and 17% may be drawn in excess of the credit ualue
保险单或凭证须表明理赔代理人的名称,保险费如增加10-17%可在本证金额以外支付

in triplicate covering all risks and war risks including W.A. and breakage in excess of five per cent on the whole consignment and including W/W up to buyer's godown in Penang
投保一切险和战争险包括水渍险,破碎损失有5%绝对免赔率,按全部货物计算,包括仓至仓条款,负责到买方在槟城的仓库为止(的保险单)一式三份

including shortage in weight in excess of 0.5%(with 0.5% franchise) on the whole consignment
包括短量损失有0.5%绝对免赔率(0.5%相对免赔率),按全部货物计算

釉缕 excess glaze 釉面突起的釉条或釉滴。

spsc-93161504
Excess profits tax
超额利润税

D46.2
Refractory anaemia with excess of blasts
抗疗性贫血合并过多芽细胞

D46.3
Refractory anaemia with excess of blasts with transformation
抗疗性贫血合并芽细胞转形

E16.3
Increased secretion of glucagon
Hyperplasia of pancreatic endocrine cells with glucagon excess
升糖素分泌增多
伴有升糖素过多的胰脏内分泌细胞增生

E28.0
Estrogen excess
Use additional external cause code (Chapter XX), if desired, to identify drug, if
drug-induced.
动情素过多
药物引起时若有需要确认药物 , 使用外来原因附码
( 第二十章 ) 。     

E28.1
Androgen excess
Hypersecretion of ovarian androgens
Use additional external cause code (Chapter XX), if desired, to identify drug, if
drug-induced.
雄性素过多
卵巢雄性素分泌过多
药物引起时若有需要确认药物 , 使用外来原因附码
( 第二十章 ) 。      

E66.0
Obesity due to excess calories
肇因於卡路里过多的肥胖

E87.0
Hyperosmolality and hypernatraemia
Sodium [Na] excess
Sodium [Na] overload
高渗压及高钠血症
钠过多
钠负荷过多

E87.5
Hyperkalaemia
Potassium [K] excess
Potassium [K] overload
高钾血症
钾过多
钾负荷过多

H51.1
Convergence insufficiency and excess
聚合不足和过多

L68
Hypertrichosis
Includes: excess hair
Excludes: congenital hypertrichosis (Q84.2)
persistent lanugo (Q84.2)
毛发过多
包含 : 发过多
不包含 : 先天性毛发过多 (Q84.2)
持续性胎毛 (Q84.2)

excess pressure 超压,逾电压

antibody excess 抗体过量

antigen excess 抗体过量

atom percent excess 超量原子百分数

excess energy meter 超量电度表

溢卸 Excess landing


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