英语学习词典
  

effective

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effective [ i'fektiv] a.有效的;有影响的

effective [i'fektiv] adj 有效的

effective [i'fektiv] a.有效的

ERP Effective Radiated Power 有效辐射功率

cost-effective
具成本效益;具成本效用

effective administration
有成效管治;有效管治

effective communication
有效的沟通

effective date
生效日期

effective secretary
实职秘书

In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get worse.
考虑到问题的严重性,在事态进一步恶化之前,必须采取有效的措施。

Effective 有效的,实际的

effective exchange rate 实际汇率

effective liability 实际负债

制动平均有效压力
brake mean effective pressure(bmep)

有效热效率
effective thermal efficiency

有效行程
effective stroke

光线有效通过长度
effective path length of light ray

光通道有效长度
effective optical path length(L)

有效长度
effective length

滤纸有效面积
effective filter area

有效瞳孔距
effective interpupillary width

The most effective water power in the world — women's tears.
世界上最有效的水力——女人的眼泪。

Three fundamental truths without a recognition of which there can be no effective liberty: that what we believe is not necessarily true; that what we like is not necessarily good; and that all questions are open.
有三条基本真理,如果不承认就不会有实在的自由:我们相信的未必真实,我们喜爱的未必美好,一切问题都无定论。

Fortunately psychoanalysis is not the only way to resolve inner conflict. Life still remains a very effective therapist.
幸运的是,心理分析并非消除内心冲突的唯一方法,生活依然是十分有效的治疗专家。

Taking a dive is an effective trick to fool your boxing mate.
假装被击倒是骗过对手的有效方法。

The medicine is very effective in controlling the spread of the virus.
这种药能有效地控制这种病毒的传播。

Their efforts to improve the school have been very effective.
他们改善学校环境的努力卓有成效。

The trials show that the medicine is quite effective in treating the disease.
实验表明这一药物治疗这种疾病很有效。

Strong and effective leadership might have made the team more successful.
强而有力的领导会使这支队伍取得更大的成功。

Spraying with water is particularly effective for discouraging red spider mite, which flourishes in dry conditions.
喷水对于阻止在干燥条件下旺盛生长的红蜘蛛螨虫有奇效。

Combining exercise with the diet may be the most effective way to lose weight. 运动与节食结合也许是减肥最有效的途径。

The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities.
而有效遵守纪律的学生们往往是那些经常给校方提建议的学生。

Above all , they got over Lincoln’s point that “ the necessity of being ready increase”, for they left no doubt that this was not the climax of their campaign for equality but merely the beginning, that they were going to stay in the streets until they could get equality in the schools, restaurants, houses and employment agencies of the nation, and that, as they demonstrated here today, they had found an effective way to demonstrate for changes in the laws without breaking the law themselves.
首先,他们明白了林肯的“准备增长的必需性”理论,因为他们一点也不怀疑他们争取平等的运动还没有达到高潮,而仅仅是个开端,他们要继续在街上静坐直到他们在学校、饭店、室内和职业介绍机构得到平等对待的权力。而且,就像他们现在展示的一样,他们已经找到了不触犯法律来引起法律的改变的有效的方法。

喜忧参半。/一半一半。
Half and half. *表示不能断言好还是不好,无法确定的心情。同时有向对方表示事情进展得不顺利、搁浅的语感。
Is that new plan effective? (那个新计划有效果吗?)
Half and half. (嗯,难说。)

这样的话就会很顺利。
It'll do the trick. *表示稍微采用一些手段或方法就能产生所设想的效果/就会顺利。
How's this? (这样做怎么样?)
It'll do the trick. (这样就会见效。)
It'll be effective.
That'll work.
That'll do it.

The data confirm that this product is safe and effective.
数据证实此种产品安全有效。

Poetry is simply the most beautiful, impressive and widely effective mode of saying things, and hence its importance.
诗歌只不过是最美丽、最感人、最有力的说话方式,这也就是诗歌的价值。

Effective depth penetration (EDP) 有效穿透深度

Effective focus size 有效焦点尺寸

Effective magnetic permeability 有效磁导率

Effective permeability 有效磁导率

Effective reflection surface of flaw 缺陷有效反射面

Effective resistance 有效电阻

有效保护率(Effective Vate of Protection)

Any amendments to this contract shall become effective only by a written agreement by Party A and Party B.
对本合同的任何修改,只有经甲、乙双方签署书面协议后方能生效。

Combining exercise with the diet may be the most effective way to lose weight.
运动与节食结合也许是减肥最有效的途径。

- One's brain child 某人的主意,某人想出来的
等同于one's original idea
one' brain children (复数)
The new ways of teaching which have been proved very effective are brain children of all teaching staff of our department.

笔杆子 [bǐ gǎn zi ] /pen/an effective writer/

经济有效 [jīng jì yǒu xiào] /cost-effective/

灵 [líng] /alert/departed soul/efficacious/quick/effective/intelligence/

有效 [yǒu xiào] /effective/in effect/valid/

Money spent on advertising is money spent as well as any I know of.
花在广告上的钱和我所知花在任何别处的钱一样值得。
It serves directly to assist a rapid distribution of goods at reasonable price, thereby establishing a firm home market and so making it possible to provide for export at competitive prices.
它直接有助于商品以合理的价格销售,由此建立稳固的国内市场,并使商品能以富有竞争力的价格出口。
By drawing attention to new ideas it helps enormously to raise standards of living.
它吸引人们对新观念的注意,极大地提高生活标准。
By helping to increase demand it ensures an increased need for labour, and is therefore an effective way to fight unemployment.
广告有助于增加市场需求,从而确保对劳动力需求的增加,因此是遏制失业的一个有效方法。
It lowers the costs of many services: without advertisements your daily newspaper would cost four times as much, the price of your television licence would need to be doubled, and travel by bus or tube would cost 20 per cent more.
它降低了多种服务费用,没有广告,每天看的报纸价格会上涨四倍,电视收视费会翻番,公共汽车或地铁票也得提高20%以上。

{adj: cellular} characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization)
"the cellular construction of a beehive"
"any effective opposition to a totalitarian regime must be secretive and cellular"
<-> noncellular

{adj: changing, ever-changing} marked by continuous change or effective action

{adj: cost-efficient, cost-effective} productive relative to the cost

{adj: effective, effectual, efficacious} producing or capable of producing an intended result or having a striking effect
"an air-cooled motor was more effective than a witch's broomstick for rapid long-distance transportation"-LewisMumford
"effective teaching methods"
"effective steps toward peace"
"made an effective entrance"
"his complaint proved to be effectual in bringing action"
"an efficacious law"
<-> ineffective

{adj: effective, efficient} able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively
"people who will do nothing unless they get something out of it for themselves are often highly effective persons..."-G.B.Shaw
"effective personnel"
"an efficient secretary"
"the efficient cause of the revolution"

{adj: effective, good, in effect, in force} exerting force or influence
"the law is effective immediately"
"a warranty good for two years"
"the law is already in effect (or in force)"

{adj: effective} existing in fact; not theoretical; real
"a decline in the effective demand"
"confused increased equipment and expenditure with the quantity of effective work done"

{adj: effective} ready for service
"the fort was held by about 100 effective soldiers"

{adj: effective} works well as a means or remedy
"an effective reprimand"
"a lotion that is effective in cases of prickly heat"

{adj: efficient} being effective without wasting time or effort or expense
"an efficient production manager"
"efficient engines save gas"
<-> inefficient

{adj: future} effective in or looking toward the future
"he was preparing for future employment opportunities"

{adj: impelling} markedly effective as if by emotional pressure
"impelling skill as a teller of tales"
"an impelling personality"

{adj: ineffective, uneffective, ineffectual} not producing an intended effect
"an ineffective teacher"
"ineffective legislation"
<-> effective

{adj: nontechnical, untechnical} not characteristic of or skilled in applied arts and sciences
"nontechnical aspects of the job"
"nontechnical training"
"an untechnical reader"
"in clear effective nontechnical language"
<-> technical

{adj: operative, key} effective; producing a desired effect
"the operative word"

{adj: rough-and-ready} crude but effective for the purpose at hand

{adj: uncoordinated} lacking the skillful and effective interaction of muscle movements
"his movements are uncoordinated"
"an uncoordinated toddler"

{adv: efficaciously, effectively} in an effective manner
"these are real problems that can be dealt with most effectively by rational discussion"
<-> ineffectively, inefficaciously

{adv: on} in a state required for something to function or be effective
"turn the lights on"
"get a load on"

{adv: trenchantly} in a vigorous and effective manner
"he defended his client's civil rights trenchantly"

{adv: worse} (comparative of `ill') in a less effective or successful or desirable manner
"he did worse on the second exam"

{n: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster} the fourth son of Edward III who was the effective ruler of England during the close of his father's reign and during the minority of Richard II; his son was Henry Bolingbroke (1340-1399)

{n: North American Free Trade Agreement, NAFTA} an agreement for free trade between the United States and Canada and Mexico; became effective in 1994 for ten years

{n: United States Marshals Service, US Marshals Service, Marshals} the United States' oldest federal law enforcement agency is responsible today for protecting the Federal Judiciary and transporting federal prisoners and protecting federal witnesses and managing assets seized from criminals and generally ensuring the effective operation of the federal judicial system

{n: activation} making active and effective (as a bomb)
<-> deactivation

{n: adjuster, adjustor, claims adjuster, claims adjustor, claim agent} one who investigates insurance claims or claims for damages and recommends an effective settlement

{n: antisyphilitic} a drug (or other chemical agent) that is effective against syphilis

{n: atorvastatin, Lipitor} an oral drug (trade name Lipitor) that is effective in lowering triglycerides; potent in reducing LDL cholesterol because higher doses can be given

{n: bacitracin} a polypeptide antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms; usually applied locally

{n: barn, b} (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter

{n: booster, booster dose, booster shot, recall dose} an additional dose that makes sure the first dose was effective

{n: chlorthalidone, Hygroton, Thalidone} a diuretic (trade names Hygroton and Thalidone) used to control hypertension and conditions that cause edema; effective in lowering blood pressure to prevent heart attacks

{n: compensating balance, offsetting balance} a minimum credit balance that a bank may require a borrower to keep on deposit as a condition for granting a loan; a common requirement for establishing a line of credit at a bank
"the compensating balance increases the effective interest rate to the bank since the net amount loaned is reduced but the interest paid is unchanged"

{n: component, constituent, element, factor, ingredient} an abstract part of something
"jealousy was a component of his character"
"two constituents of a musical composition are melody and harmony"
"the grammatical elements of a sentence"
"a key factor in her success"
"humor: an effective ingredient of a speech"

{n: coordination} the skillful and effective interaction of movements
<-> incoordination

{n: degeneration, devolution} the process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power or vitality or essential quality
<-> evolution

{n: demeclocycline hydrochloride, Declomycin} tetracycline antibacterial (trade name Declomycin) effective in the treatment of some bacterial and rickettsial and other infections

{n: doxycycline, Vibramycin} an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections
"Vibramycin is the trade name of doxycycline"

{n: effectiveness, effectivity, effectualness, effectuality} power to be effective; the quality of being able to bring about an effect
<-> ineffectiveness

{n: electronic counter-countermeasures, ECCM} electronic warfare undertaken to insure effective friendly use of the electromagnetic spectrum in spite of the enemy's use of electronic warfare

{n: electronic countermeasures, ECM} electronic warfare undertaken to prevent or reduce an enemy's effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum

{n: element} the situation in which you are happiest and most effective
"in your element"

{n: eloquence, fluency, smoothness} powerful and effective language
"his eloquence attracted a large congregation"
"fluency in spoken and written English is essential"
"his oily smoothness concealed his guilt from the police"

{n: erythromycin, Erythrocin, E-Mycin, Ethril, Ilosone, Pediamycin} an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative

{n: field-effect transistor, FET} a transistor in which most current flows in a channel whose effective resistance can be controlled by a transverse electric field

{n: force} a group of people having the power of effective action
"he joined forces with a band of adventurers"

{n: fragmentation bomb, antipersonnel bomb, anti-personnel bomb, daisy cutter} a bomb with only 10 to 20 per cent explosive and the remainder consisting of casings designed to break into many small high-velocity fragments; most effective against troops and vehicles

{n: incendiary bomb, incendiary, firebomb} a bomb that is designed to start fires; is most effective against flammable targets (such as fuel)

{n: incompetent, incompetent person} someone who is not competent to take effective action

{n: ineffectiveness, ineffectualness, ineffectuality} lacking the power to be effective
<-> effectiveness

{n: lamivudine, 3TC} a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor that is very effective in combination with zidovudine in treating AIDS and HIV

{n: mefloquine, mefloquine hydrochloride, Larium, Mephaquine} an antimalarial drug (trade name Larium and Mephaquine) that is effective in cases that do not respond to chloroquine; said to produce harmful neuropsychiatric effects on some people

{n: naloxone, Narcan} a potent narcotic antagonist (trade name Narcan) especially effective with morphine

{n: nitrofurantoin, Macrodantin} derivative of nitrofuran used as an antibacterial medicine (trade name Macrodantin) effective against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; used to treat infections of the urinary tract

{n: oxacillin} a form of penicillin resistant to penicillinase and effective against penicillin-resistant staphylococci

{n: partnership} a cooperative relationship between people or groups who agree to share responsibility for achieving some specific goal
"effective language learning is a partnership between school, teacher and student"
"the action teams worked in partnership with the government"

{n: pneumococcal vaccine, Pneumovax} vaccine (trade name Pneumovax) effective against the 23 most common strains of pneumococcus

{n: range, reach} the limits within which something can be effective
"range of motion"
"he was beyond the reach of their fire"

{n: registration fire} fire delivered to obtain accurate data for subsequent effective engagement of targets

{n: self-restraint, temperateness} exhibiting restraint imposed on the self
"an effective temperateness in debate"

{n: showman} a person skilled at making effective presentations

{n: silvex} a herbicide that is effective in controlling woody plants but is toxic to animals

{n: target acquisition system} a shipboard system for the detection and identification and location of a target with enough detail to permit effective weapon employment

{n: teamwork} cooperative work done by a team (especially when it is effective)
"it will take money, good planning and, above all, teamwork"

{n: tobramycin, Nebcin} an antibiotic (trade name Nebcin) that is especially effective against Gram-negative bacteria

{n: vancomycin, Vancocin} an antibiotic (trade name Vancocin) effective against some bacterial infections

{v: backdate} make effective from an earlier date
"The increase in tax was backdated to January"

{v: dynamize, dynamise} make (a drug) effective
"dynamized medicine"

{v: impair} make worse or less effective
"His vision was impaired"

{v: take effect} go into effect or become effective or operative
"The new law will take effect next month"

Shellac also happened to be an effective electrical insulator.
紫胶恰巧还是一种有效的绝缘物。

Some experts champion the view that calcium-rich foods are more effective than a low-sodium diet in curbing hypertension.
一些专家支持这样的观点:高钙的食物比低钠的饮食对于控制高血压更为有效。

" We don't want to be a second Japan, "我们不想成为第二个日本,
we think the Japanese are not a happy people relative to their per capita income level.
我们认为日本人相对他们的人均收入水平来说不是一个快乐的民族。
We want to be a lot more than Japan, a lot cleaner( in Government) and a lot more effective than Japan. "
我们要使韩国比日本好得多,(政府)廉洁得多,并比日本效率高得多。 "

Treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs coupled with a decrease in activity may be just as effective, researchers say.
研究人员认为使用消炎药并减少活动的疗法也许同样有效。

It also provided Wild with a very effective means of controlling his men.
这也为怀尔德控制他的手下人提供了有效手段。

The match was still questionable, but by that time the anti-rejection drugs were more effective.
试验结果是配合上仍有问题,但是如今预防排异反应的药物效力已经增强。

" Learning how to breathe and working consciously with breath is a simple, safe, effective and inexpensive way to promote good health of mind and body. "
"学习如何呼吸并自觉地与呼吸配合动作,是可以促进身心健康的简单、安全、有效而且廉价的方法。 "

" Security is synony-mous with the conduct of an effective foreign policy, " says Benjamin Gilman, chairman of the House International Relations Committee. " This serious lapse calls that into question. "
众议院国际关系委员会主席本杰明·吉尔曼说: "安全是实施有效对外政策的同义词,这次严重的失误对此提出质疑。 "

Would a man imprisoned for so long stay sane enough to become an effective king?
一个人在被囚禁了这么久之后还能保持足够的清醒而承担起一国之君的重担吗?

They are among the oldest drugs for hypertension, but they are still considered safe and effective, and should be part of any first-line therapy.
利尿剂是治疗高血压最早使用的药物,目前利尿剂依然被认为安全有效,是治疗高血压的首选应急药物。

Doing it naturally - with simple lifestyle changes such as losing weight, exercising more, reducing salt intake and drinking less alcohol - can be just as effective and lead to a lot fewer complications.
改变生活方式──如减少体重、多做运动、减少盐分的摄入量、少饮酒──同样能够有效地降低血压,同时也会大大地减少并发症发生的几率。

The annual attack of influenza has bolstered the bottom lines of two of Europe's top drug companies When one of the worst outbreaks of influenza in a decade sent people around the world to bed with coughing, fever and chills, it was hard to imagine a better moment to offer the public a simple treatment more effective than aspirin.
每年一次的流行性感冒为欧洲两家顶级制药公司带来了丰厚的利润正当 10年来爆发的最严重的流行性感冒之一使得世界各地的人们因咳嗽、发烧和发冷而卧床不起时,不难想象,此时正是向公众推荐一比阿司匹林更为有效的简单药物的最好时。

Both medicines have to be taken within 48 hours of the onset of flu symptoms to be effective, and are said by the companies to be able to cut the duration of the illness by up to 40%, as well as easing the symptoms.
这两药物都必须在流感发作后 48小时之内服用才能产生疗效;两家制药公司都声称各自的产品可以使流感持续的时间缩短 40%,还可以缓解流感症状。

Still, we do know that HIV moved from chimps to people, and figuring out how could help researchers create effective treatments for AIDS.
无论如何,我们至少知道是黑猩猩将爱滋病传给人类的,而且还知道怎样帮助研究人员发现有效的治疗爱滋病的办法。

A study finds that lamivudine, one of the three drugs in today's AIDS cocktail medication, is effective against hepatitis B. Taken once a day for a year, it restored normal blood counts and kept liver damage in check in about half the patients.
研究发现,治疗爱滋病的鸡尾酒疗法中三大药物之一的拉米伏丁能有效抑制乙肝病毒。每天用拉米伏丁进行治疗并坚持一年,可以使大约一半的患者恢正常的血细胞含量并控制其肝脏的受损程度。

As biotechnology becomes more sophisticated and powerful, and as the genetic code of more organisms is identified, biologists will learn how to mix genes of different microbes to create unnatural strains that can be turned into deadly, effective weapons.
随着生物技术变得越来越复杂和强大,随着越来越多的有机体的基因密码被识别出来,生物学家们将会研究出如何混合各种不同类型的微生物以制造出非天然的病菌,可以将它们制成致命而威力强大的武器。

" Our only alternative is to develop effective therapies. "
我们唯一的对策便是寻求有效的治疗办法。

The most effective appear to the tricyclics, prescribed for a broad spectrum of pain, including headaches, arthritis, chronic low-back pain, fibromyalgia, cancer pain and diabetic nerve pain; they can in some people lower blood pressure, create confusion and cause constipation and urine retention.
最有效的似乎是三环抗抑郁药,用来治疗相当多的疼痛症,包括头疼、关节疼、慢性腰背部疼痛、纤维肌瘤疼痛、癌症疼痛和糖尿病引起的神经疼痛;但是,这类药物会降低一些患者的血压,导致意识混乱,造成便秘和小便 ( FW) 留。

At the " Mind of the Market " laboratory at Harvard Business School, researchers are looking inside shoppers ' skulls to develop more effective advertisements and marketing pitches.
在哈佛大学商学院的市场心理实验室里,为了提高广告和宣传用语的吸引力,研究员们正在对消费者颅骨内的物质进行一番研究。

Using imaging techniques that measure blood flow to various parts of the brain, the Harvard team hopes to predict how consumers will react to particular products and to discover the most effective ways to present information.
哈佛大学的研究组运用数字图象技术测量大脑各部位的血流量,他们希望用这个方法预测出消费者对某种商品的反应,从而发现最有效的信息表达方式。

So effective has the advertising blitz been the ginkgo products seem to be leaping off the shelves.
闪电般的广告宣传卓有成效,银杏制剂卖得非常快。

Each year an average of eight children are infected with polio by the otherwise highly effective Sabin oral vaccine, which is made from live but attenuated polio viruses.
每年平均有 8名儿童由于高效的萨宾口服疫苗(由活体小儿麻痹病毒稀释制成)而感染小儿麻痹。

In June 1999, the Food and Drug Administration recommended the Salk killed-virus vaccine, safe but somewhat less effective, instead of the Sabin variety, for the first two of the four required polio inoculations given children. 1999年 6月,美国食品和药物管理局推荐使用索尔克氏灭活疫苗,安全但效果稍微差一些,用来代替给儿童注射的前两次(总共四次)萨宾疫苗。

In isolated human cells, this antibody proved to be extraordinarily effective at thwarting the rhinovirus.
在被分离开来的人体细胸内,这一抗体证明能极为有效地挫败鼻病毒。

"It is an historical moment and we are very confident that this treaty is going to save lives," said Douglas Bettcher. "It has already started off a powerful process globally and we are very confident that it is going to continue to do so and it is going to prove itself as a very effective public health tool to really curb this unacceptable burden of disease and death."
他说:“这是个历史性的时刻,我们充份相信这项条约将拯救生命。条约已经在全球开启了一个很有影响力的进程,我们充份相信这样的影响还会持续。而且条约将自我证明,表明它是一个有效的公共卫生工具,真正能够抑制这种令人无法接受的疾病和死亡负担。”

President Bush called Carlos Gutierrez an effective executive and an innovative leader who will bring creativity and expertise to the Cabinet. He said Mr. Gutierrez knows exactly what is needed to help businesses grow and create jobs.
布什总统说,古提雷兹是一名非常有效率的高级管理人才,是一名善于创新的领导人,他将为内阁带来创造性和专业性。布什说,古提雷兹确切了解帮助商业发展和创造就业机会都需要些什么。

Professor Caroline Keating, a communications expert at Colgate University in New York, says both men had moments when they were effective in connecting with the television audience.
纽约科尔盖特大学的传媒教授基廷认为,在与电视观众交流时,两位候选人都有可圈可点的表现。

"Bush looked right into the lens of the camera and addressed the audience and he was very effective, very confident," she said. "And after that, I would say that John Kerry got better and better, stronger and stronger, more and more relaxed and confident."
他说:“布什紧盯着镜头,面对观众,非常的有效,非常的有信心。在此之后,我认为,约翰·克里的表现越来越好,越来越强,越来越放松,越来越自信。”

毛细管有效长度 the effective length of capillary electrophor…

有效峰数 effective peak number EPN

有效理论塔板数 number of effective theoretical plates

有效塔板高度 effective plate height

有效淌度 effective mobility

面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,
Confronted with______, we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing,______For another, ______

effective circle force 有效圆周力

effective resistance 工作阻力

effective resistance moment 工作阻力矩

effective tension 有效拉力

effective mass 有效质量

effective nuclear charge 有效核电荷

effective population size 有效群体大小,有效种群大小

effective quantum number 有效量子数

number of effective plates 有效塔板数

effective aperture 有效孔径

effective area 有效面积

effective data transfer rate 有效数据传送率

effective diaphragm area 膜片有效面积

effective emissivity 有效发射率

effective excitaion force 有效激振力

effective magnetic field 有效磁场

effective mass of the moving element 运动部件有效质量

effective path length 有效光程长度

effective radiation exitance 有效辐(射)出(射)度

effective range 有效范围;有效量限;测量范围

effective sound pressure 有效声压

limiting effective wavelength 极限有效波长

(mean) effective mavelength (平均)有效波长

number of effective plate 有效板数

effective rate 有效率

Median effective dose 半数效量

Minimum effective dose 最小有效量


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