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drug [ drʌg] n.药,药物,药材

drug [drʌg] n. 药,药物;毒品

冰毒 "ice, popular name for methamphetamine hydrochloride, a deadly addictive stimulant drug"

毒枭 drug trafficker

黄、赌、毒 "pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking "

戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center

药物检查 "dope control, drug testing"

Drug Store, Pharmacy 药店

Drug store 药店

反毒斗争 Anti-drug Battle

艾滋病药物协助计划 AIDS drug assistance program (ADAP)

伴随药物 concomitant drugs

静脉注射药物 intravenous (IV) drug

求助于毒品 to turn to drugs

吸毒者 drug takers

药物抗性 drug resistance

AIDS drug assistance program (ADAP) 艾滋病药物协助计划

concomitant drugs 伴随药物

drug resistance 药物抗性

drug takers 吸毒者

intravenous (IV) drug 静脉注射药物

to turn to drugs 求助于毒品

国家药品监督管理局 State Drug Administration (SDA)

These drugs are powerful.

The policeman was known as a drug buster.

Drug researcher says the new medicine would help put an end to the epidemic.

After evaluating the patient's condition, the doctor decided to try a new drug.

The school is now providing a service to counsel students with drug problems.

Drug and alcohol are sometimes used as an escape mechanism.

When the runner was found to have taken drugs, he was stripped of his gold medal.

People are worried about the government’s indifferent attitude toward drug dealing.

The police are launching a major attack on drug dealers.

The junkie stole money in order to buy more drugs.

- kick the habit 戒除恶习
You are doomed to be broke one day if you don't kick the drug habit.

- Throw in the towel 认输
She tried to save their marriage by talking her husband out of taking drugs. But she finally threw in the towel.

You'd like to know something about the packing of the drugs. Is that right?

The unique design of the packing will help you promote the sale of drugs.

毒贩 [dú fàn] /drugs trade/

毒品 [dú pǐn] /drugs/narcotics/poison/

毒瘾 [dú yǐn] /drug addiction/

犯毒 [fàn dú] /illegal drug/narcotic/

禁毒 [jìn dú] /drug prohibition/

静脉吸毒 [jìng mài xī dú] /intravenous drug/IV drug/

抗药性 [kàng yào xìng] /resistance to action of a drug/

配药 [pèi yào] /dispense (drugs)/prescribe/

伟哥 [wěi gē] /Viagra (male impotence drug)/

吸毒 [xī dú] /to take drugs/

摇头丸 [yáo tóu wán] /Ecstasy/MDMA/drug/

药 [yào] /medicine/drug/cure/

药材 [yào cái] /(n) drug ingredients/

药品 [yào pǐn] /medicaments/medicine/drug/

药物 [yào wù] /medicaments/pharmaceuticals/medication/medicine/drug/

瘾君子 [yǐn jūn zǐ] /opium eater/drug addict/chain smoker/

制药厂 [zhì yào chǎng] /pharmaceutical company/drugs manufacturing factory/

George Annas, chair of the health law department at Boston University, maintains that, as long as a doctor prescribes a drug for a legitimate medical purpose, the doctor has done nothing illegal even if the patient uses the drug to hasten death.
"It's like surgery," he says. "We don't call those deaths homicides because the doctors didn't intend to kill their patients, although they risked their death. If you're a physician, you can risk your patient's suicide as long as you don't intend their suicide."

While warnings are often appropriate and necessary — the dangers of drug interactions, for example — and many are required by state or federal regulations, it isn't clear that they actually protect the manufacturers and sellers from liability if a customer is injured.

Technically, any substance other than food that alters our bodily or mental functioning is a drug.

Many people mistakenly believe the term drug refers only to some sort of medicine or an illegal chemical taken by drug addicts.
They don't realize that familiar substances such as alcohol and tobacco are also drugs.
This is why the more neutral term substance is now used by many physicians and psychologists.
The phrase "substance abuse" is often used instead of "drug abuse" to make clear that substances such as alcohol and tobacco can be just as harmfully misused as heroin and cocaine.

We live in a society in which the medicinal and social use of substances (drugs) is pervasive: an aspirin to quiet a headache, some wine to be sociable, coffee to get going in the morning, a cigarette for the nerves.

Drugs (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter perception, mood, and behavior are known as psychoactive substances.
Psychoactive substances are commonly grouped according to whether they are stimulants, depressants, or hallucinogen.
Stimulants initially speed up or activate the central nervous system, whereas depressants slow it down.
Hallucinogens have their primary effect on perception, distorting and altering it in a variety of ways including producing hallucinations.
These are the substances often called psychedelic (from the Greek word meaning "mind-manifestation") because they seemed to radically alter one's state of consciousness.

{adj: Colombian} of or relating to or characteristic of Colombia or its people
"Colombian drug dealers"

{adj: Malaysian, Malayan} of or relating to or characteristic of Malaysia
"Malaysian police crack down hard on drug smugglers"
"Malayan crocodiles"

{adj: abused} used improperly or excessively especially drugs
"an abused substance"

{adj: addictive, habit-forming} causing or characterized by addiction
"addictive drugs"
"addictive behavior"
<-> nonaddictive

{adj: analeptic} stimulating the central nervous system
"an analeptic drug stimulates the central nervous system"

{adj: analgesic, analgetic, anodyne} capable of relieving pain
"the anodyne properties of certain drugs"
"an analgesic effect"

{adj: anorectic, anorexigenic} causing loss of appetite
"an anorectic (or anorexigenic) drug"

{adj: antagonistic, incompatible} used especially of drugs or muscles that counteract or neutralize each other's effect
<-> synergistic

{adj: antibiotic} of or relating to antibiotic drugs

{adj: anticancer, antineoplastic, antitumor, antitumour} used in the treatment of cancer
"anticancer drug"
"an antineoplastic effect"

{adj: anticholinergic} inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site
"anticholinergic drugs"
<-> cholinergic

{adj: antithyroid} having the effect of counteracting excessive thyroid activity
"antithyroid drugs"

{adj: clean} free of drugs
"after a long dependency on heroin she has been clean for 4 years"

{adj: countywide} occurring or extending throughout a county
"a countywide war on drugs"
"countywide elections"

{adj: delusive, false} inappropriate to reality or facts
"delusive faith in a wonder drug"
"delusive expectations"
"false hopes"

{adj: dependent, dependant, drug-addicted, hooked, strung-out} addicted to a drug

{adj: dissociable, separable, severable} capable of being divided or dissociated
"often drugs and crime are not dissociable"
"the siamese twins were not considered separable"
"a song...never conceived of as severable from the melody";

{adj: doped, drugged, narcotized, narcotised} under the influence of narcotics
"knocked out by doped wine"
"a drugged sleep"
"were under the effect of the drugged sweets"
"in a stuperous narcotized state"

{adj: drug-free} characteristic of a person not taking illegal drugs or of a place where no illegal drugs are used

{adj: drugless} without the use of drugs
"drugless therapy"

{adj: excitant, excitative, excitatory} (of drugs e.g.) able to excite or stimulate

{adj: experimental} of the nature of or undergoing an experiment
"an experimental drug"

{adj: generic} (of drugs) not protected by trademark
"`Acetaminophen' is the generic form of the proprietary drug `Tylenol'"

{adj: hallucinogenic} capable of producing hallucinations
"LSD is a powerful hallucinogenic drug"

{adj: high, mellow} slightly and pleasantly intoxicated from alcohol or a drug (especially marijuana)

{adj: inefficient} not producing desired results; wasteful
"an inefficient campaign against drugs"
"outdated and inefficient design and methods"
<-> efficient

{adj: infested, overrun, plagued} (often followed by `with' or used in combination) troubled by or encroached upon in large numbers
"waters infested with sharks"
"shark-infested waters"
"the locust-overrun countryside"
"drug-plagued streets"

{adj: injectable} (used of drugs) capable of being injected
<-> uninjectable

{adj: insensible, senseless} unresponsive to stimulation
"he lay insensible where he had fallen"
"drugged and senseless"

{adj: medicative, medicinal} having the properties of medicine
"medicative drugs"
"medicinal herbs"
"medicinal properties"

{adj: mind-altering} producing mood changes or distorted perception
"hallucinogenic drugs are mind-altering substances"

{adj: mind-expanding} (of hallucinogenic drugs) giving a sense of heightened or broader awareness

{adj: miotic, myotic} of or relating to or causing constriction of the pupil of the eye
"a miotic drug"

{adj: misbranded, mislabeled} branded or labeled falsely and in violation of statutory requirements
"confiscated the misbranded drugs"

{adj: multiplex} having many parts or aspects
"the multiplex problem of drug abuse"

{adj: multipotent} able to many things
"multipotent drugs"

{adj: narcotic, narcotizing, narcotising} inducing stupor or narcosis
"narcotic drugs"

{adj: nonprescription, over-the-counter} purchasable without a doctor's prescription
"nonprescription drugs"
"an over-the-counter cold remedy"
<-> prescription

{adj: optimum, optimal} most desirable possible under a restriction expressed or implied
"an optimum return on capital"
"optimal concentration of a drug"

{adj: ototoxic} toxic to the organs of hearing or balance or to the auditory nerve
"some drugs are ototoxic"

{adj: parasympathomimetic} having an effect similar to that resulting from stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system
"parasympathomimetic drugs slow the heart rate"

{adj: pharmaceutical} of or relating to drugs used in medical treatment

{adj: powerful} having great power or force or potency or effect
"the most powerful government in western Europe"
"his powerful arms"
"a powerful bomb"
"the horse's powerful kick"
"powerful drugs"
"a powerful argument"
<-> powerless

{adj: prescription} available only with a doctor's written prescription
"a prescription drug"
<-> nonprescription

{adj: preventive, preventative, prophylactic} preventing or contributing to the prevention of disease
"preventive medicine"
"vaccines are prophylactic"
"a prophylactic drug"

{adj: produced} that is caused by
"if...such a change is produced by...insulin comas or electroshocks"
"the emotional states produced by this drug"

{adj: progestational} of or relating to progesterone (or to a drug with effects like those of progesterone)

{adj: proprietary} protected by trademark or patent or copyright; made or produced or distributed by one having exclusive rights
"`Tylenol' is a proprietary drug of which `acetaminophen' is the generic form"
<-> nonproprietary

{adj: psychedelic} producing distorted sensory perceptions and feelings or altered states of awareness or sometimes states resembling psychosis
"psychedelic drugs like psilocybin and mescaline"

{adj: psychoactive, psychotropic} affecting the mind or mood or other mental processes
"psychoactive drugs"
<-> nonpsychoactive

{adj: relaxant} tending to relax or relieve muscular or nervous tension
"a relaxant drug"

{adj: sedated} under the influence of a sedative drug

{adj: spaced-out, spacy, spacey} stupefied by (or as if by) some narcotic drug

{adj: spaced-out} confused or disoriented as if intoxicated through taking a drug

{adj: synergistic, interactive} used especially of drugs or muscles that work together so the total effect is greater than the sum of the two (or more)
<-> antagonistic

{adj: time-release} of or relating to a preparation that gradually releases an active substance (especially a drug) over a period of time

{adj: topical} pertaining to the surface of a body part
"a drug for topical (or local) application"
"a topical anesthesia"

{adj: uninjectable} (used of drugs) not capable of being injected
<-> injectable

{adj: unmedicinal, unmedicative, unmedical, nonmedicinal} not having a medicinal effect or not medically prescribed
"he took mind-altering drugs for nonmedicinal reasons"

{adj: untested, untried} not yet proved or subjected to testing
"an untested drug"
"untested theory"
"an untried procedure"

{adv: alertly} in an alert manner
"she got through the day alertly, despite being on drugs"

{adv: benignly, benignantly} in a benign manner
"this drug is benignly soporific"

{adv: chaotically} in a wild and confused manner
"the drugged man was talking chaotically"

{adv: generically} without a trademark or brand name
"we market these drugs generically"

{adv: insidiously, perniciously} in a harmfully insidious manner
"these drugs act insidiously"

{adv: intramuscularly} in an intramuscular way
"administer the drug intramuscularly"

{adv: orally, by mouth} (of drugs) through the mouth rather than through injection
"he was administered the drug orally"

{adv: parenterally} by parenteral means
"the drug is intended to be administered parenterally"

{adv: so far, yet} used after a superlative
"this is the best so far"
"the largest drug bust yet"

{adv: synergistically} (of drugs or muscles) in a synergistic or interactive manner

{adv: synthetically} by synthesis; in a synthetic manner
"some of these drugs have been derived from opium and others have been produced synthetically"

{n: ACE inhibitor, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor} antihypertensive drug that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidney, leading to relaxation of the arteries; promotes the excretion of salt and water by inhibiting the activity of the angiotensin converting enzyme; also used to treat congestive heart failure

{n: APC} a drug combination found in some over-the-counter headache remedies (aspirin and phenacetin and caffeine)

{n: Actifed} trade name for a drug containing an antihistamine and a decongestant; used to treat upper respiratory conditions and minor allergies

{n: Adam, ecstasy, XTC, go, disco biscuit, cristal, X, hug drug} street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine

{n: Apocynaceae, family Apocynaceae, dogbane family} chiefly tropical trees or shrubs or herbs having milky juice and often showy flowers; many are sources of drugs

{n: Bureau of Justice Assistance, BJA} the bureau in the Department of Justice that assists local criminal justice systems to reduce or prevent crime and violence and drug abuse

{n: Burroughs, William Burroughs, William S. Burroughs, William Seward Burroughs} United States writer noted for his works portraying the life of drug addicts (1914-1997)

{n: Cali cartel} a drug cartel that seized control of cocaine production in Colombia in 1993; adopted techniques used by terrorist organizations (small cells and sophisticated communications equipment and close ties with politicians etc.)

{n: Commission on Narcotic Drugs} the commission of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations that is concerned with drug traffic

{n: Cox-2 inhibitor} an anti-inflammatory drug that blocks Cox-2 activity without impeding the activity of Cox-1
"Cox-2 inhibitors reduce the symptoms of arthritis without endangering the stomach and kidneys"

{n: Dimetapp} trade name for a drug containing an antihistamine and a decongestant; used to relieve nasal congestion and to treat rhinitis

{n: Drixoral} the trade name for a drug used to treat upper respiratory congestion; it contains an antihistamine and a bronchodilator and a vasoconstrictor

{n: Drug Enforcement Administration, Drug Enforcement Agency, DEA} federal agency responsible for enforcing laws and regulations governing narcotics and controlled substances; goal is to immobilize drug trafficking organizations

{n: Emetrol} trade name for an antiemetic drug that has a mint flavor

{n: Fentanyl, Sublimaze} trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug

{n: Feosol} trade name of a drug rich in iron; used to treat some kinds of anemia

{n: Fergon} trade name of a drug rich in iron; used to treat some types of anemia

{n: Food and Drug Administration, FDA} a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services established to regulate the release of new foods and health-related products

{n: Hitchings, George Herbert Hitchings} United States biochemist noted for developing drugs to treat leukemia and gout (born in 1905)

{n: Islamic Group of Uzbekistan, IMU, Islamic Party of Turkestan} a terrorist group of Islamic militants formed in 1996; opposes Uzbekistan's secular regime and wants to establish an Islamic state in central Asia; is a conduit for drugs from Afghanistan to central Asian countries

{n: Jamaica quassia, bitterwood, Picrasma excelsa, Picrasma excelsum} West Indian tree yielding the drug Jamaica quassia

{n: Joplin, Janis Joplin} United States singer who died of a drug overdose at the height of her popularity (1943-1970)

{n: Kaopectate} trade name for a fixed-combination antidiarrheal drug that use kaolin as the adsorbent and pectin as the emollient

{n: L-dopa, levodopa, Bendopa, Brocadopa, Larodopa} the levorotatory form of dopa (trade names Bendopa and Brocadopa and Larodopa); as a drug it is used to treat Parkinson's disease

{n: Leary, Tim Leary, Timothy Leary, Timothy Francis Leary} United States psychologist who experimented with psychoactive drugs (including LSD) and became a well-known advocate of their use (1920-1996)

{n: Maxzide} trade name for an antihypertensive drug containing hydrochlorothiazide and another diuretic

{n: Medellin cartel} a drug cartel in Colombia; controlled the production of cocaine from the 1970s until 1993 when the leader was killed

{n: National Liberation Army, ELN} a Marxist terrorist group formed in 1963 by Colombian intellectuals who were inspired by the Cuban Revolution; responsible for a campaign of mass kidnappings and resistance to the government's efforts to stop the drug trade
"ELN kidnappers target foreign employees of large corporations"

{n: Neosporin} trade name for a topical drug containing several antibacterials; used as an ointment for skin irritations and in the form of eyedrops for minor eye infections

{n: People against Gangsterism and Drugs, PAGAD} a terrorist organization in South Africa formed in 1996 to fight drug lords; evolved into a vigilante group with anti Western views closely allied with Qibla; is believed to have ties to Islamic extremists in the Middle East; is suspected of conducting bouts of urban terrorism

{n: R-2, Mexican valium, rophy, rope, roofy, roach, forget me drug, circle} street names for flunitrazepan

{n: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarios de Colombia, FARC} a powerful and wealthy terrorist organization formed in 1957 as the guerilla arm of the Colombian communist party; opposed to the United States; has strong ties to drug dealers

{n: Tenoretic} trade name for an antihypertensive drug consisting of a fixed combination of atenolol and a diuretic

{n: Triple Frontier} the border area where Argentina and Brazil and Paraguay meet; an active South American center for contraband and drug trafficking and money laundering; a suspected locale for Islamic extremist groups

{n: Ulster Defense Association, UDA} the major Protestant paramilitary group in Northern Ireland; responsible for bombing the homes of Catholics and for criminal racketeering and selling drugs

{n: United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, DCCP} an agency of the United Nations that promotes drug control and crime prevention

{n: abortifacient, aborticide, abortion-inducing drug} a drug (or other chemical agent) that causes abortion

{n: abortion pill, mifepristone, RU 486} an abortion-inducing drug (trade name RU_486) developed in France; when taken during the first five weeks of pregnancy it blocks the action of progesterone so that the uterus sloughs off the embryo

{n: acetaldehyde, ethanal} a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs

{n: acetum} a dilute solution of acetic acid that is used as a solvent (e.g. for a drug)

{n: active placebo} a placebo used in experimental tests of a drug that has noticeable side effects
"an active placebo mimics the side effects of the experimental drug"

{n: active transport} transport of a substance (as a protein or drug) across a cell membrane against the concentration gradient; requires an expenditure of energy

{n: acute brain disorder, acute organic brain syndrome} any disorder (as sudden confusion or disorientation) in an otherwise normal person that is due to reversible (temporary) impairment of brain tissues (as by head injuries or drugs or infection)

{n: acyclovir, Zovirax} an oral antiviral drug (trade name Zovirax) used to treat genital herpes; does not cure the disease but relieves the symptoms

{n: addiction, dependence, dependance, dependency, habituation} being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)

{n: adrenergic, adrenergic drug} drug that has the effects of epinephrine

{n: aftereffect} a delayed effect of a drug or therapy
"the drug had unexpected aftereffects"

{n: agonist} (biochemistry) a drug that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce a physiological reaction

{n: agranulocytosis, agranulosis, granulocytopenia} an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes

{n: alkalating agent} an antineoplastic drug used to treat some forms of cancer

{n: allopurinol, Zyloprim} a drug (trade name Zyloprim) used to treat gout and other conditions in which there is an excessive buildup of uric acid

{n: alopecia} loss of hair (especially on the head) or loss of wool or feathers; in humans it can result from heredity or hormonal imbalance or certain diseases or drugs and treatments (chemotherapy for cancer)

{n: alpha blocker, alpha-blocker, alpha-adrenergic blocker, alpha-adrenergic blocking agent} any of various drugs that block alpha-adrenergic receptors; used in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia; relaxes the muscles of the prostate and bladder

{n: alternative medicine} the practice of medicine without the use of drugs; may involve herbal medicines or self-awareness or biofeedback or acupuncture

{n: amiodarone, Cordarone} an antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Cordarone) that has potentially fatal side effects and is used to control serious heart rhythm problems only when safer agents have been ineffective

{n: amitriptyline, amitriptyline hydrochloride, Elavil} a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications

{n: amrinone, Inocor} a drug (trade name Inocor) used intravenously in heart failure; increases strength of contraction of myocardium

{n: anaphylaxis} hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance

{n: anesthetic, anaesthetic, anesthetic agent, anaesthetic agent} a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations

{n: angiogenesis inhibitor} a drug that is designed to prevent the growth of blood vessels that nourish tumors

{n: announcement, proclamation, annunciation, declaration} a formal public statement
"the government made an announcement about changes in the drug war"
"a declaration of independence"

{n: antagonist} a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug
<-> synergist

{n: anti-TNF compound} a class of drugs that block the action of tumor necrosis factor (TNF); used in cases of rheumatoid arthritis because TNF instigates inflammation of the joints

{n: anti-drug law} a law forbidding the sale or use of narcotic drugs

{n: anti-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory drug} a medicine intended to reduce inflammation

{n: antiarrhythmic, antiarrhythmic drug, antiarrhythmic medication} a drug used to treat an abnormal heart rhythm

{n: antibacterial, antibacterial drug, bactericide} any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth

{n: antibiotic, antibiotic drug} a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
"when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"

{n: anticholinergic, anticholinergic drug} a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine

{n: anticoagulation} the administration of an anticoagulant drug to retard coagulation of the blood

{n: anticonvulsant, anticonvulsant drug, antiepileptic, antiepileptic drug} a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)

{n: antidepressant, antidepressant drug} any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects

{n: antidiabetic, antidiabetic drug} a drug used to treat diabetes mellitus

{n: antidiarrheal, antidiarrheal drug} a drug used to control or stop diarrhea

{n: antidiuretic, antidiuretic drug} a drug that limits the formation of urine

{n: antiemetic, antiemetic drug} a drug that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting

{n: antihypertensive, antihypertensive drug} a drug that reduces high blood pressure

{n: antimalarial, antimalarial drug} a medicinal drug used to prevent or treat malaria

{n: antimetabolite} an antineoplastic drug that inhibits the utilization of a metabolite

{n: antineoplastic antibiotic} an antibiotic drug used as an antineoplastic in chemotherapy

{n: antineoplastic, antineoplastic drug, cancer drug} any of several drugs that control or kill neoplastic cells; used in chemotherapy to kill cancer cells; all have unpleasant side effects that may include nausea and vomiting and hair loss and suppression of bone marrow function

{n: antiprotozoal, antiprotozoal drug} a medicinal drug used to fight diseases (like malaria) that are caused by protozoa

{n: antispasmodic, spasmolytic, antispasmodic agent} a drug used to relieve or prevent spasms (especially of the smooth muscles)

{n: antisyphilitic} a drug (or other chemical agent) that is effective against syphilis

{n: antiviral, antiviral agent, antiviral drug} any drug that destroys viruses

{n: aphrodisiac} a drug or other agent that stimulates sexual desire

{n: arsenical} a pesticide or drug containing arsenic

{n: asparaginase, Elspar} antineoplastic drug (trade name Elspar) sometimes used to treat lymphoblastic leukemia

{n: aspirin, acetylsalicylic acid, Bayer, Empirin, St. Joseph} the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets

{n: assay} a quantitative or qualitative test of a substance (especially an ore or a drug) to determine its components; frequently used to test for the presence or concentration of infectious agents or antibodies etc.

{n: astringent, astringent drug, styptic} a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals

{n: atorvastatin, Lipitor} an oral drug (trade name Lipitor) that is effective in lowering triglycerides; potent in reducing LDL cholesterol because higher doses can be given

{n: aversion therapy} any technique of behavior modification that uses unpleasant stimuli in a controlled fashion to alter behavior in a therapeutic way; primarily used for alcoholism or drug abuse (but with little success)

{n: azathioprine, Imuran} an immunosuppressive drug (trade name Imuran) used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ

{n: barbituric acid, malonylurea} a white crystalline acid derived from pyrimidine; used in preparing barbiturate drugs

{n: beat generation, beats, beatniks} a United States youth subculture of the 1950s; rejected possessions or regular work or traditional dress; for communal living and psychedelic drugs and anarchism; favored modern forms of jazz (e.g., bebop)

{n: beta blocker, beta-adrenergic blocker, beta-adrenergic blocking agent} any of various drugs used in treating hypertension or arrhythmia; decreases force and rate of heart contractions by blocking beta-adrenergic receptors of the autonomic nervous system

{n: blocker, blocking agent} a class of drugs that inhibit (block) some biological process

{n: botanical} a drug made from part of a plant (as the bark or root or leaves)

{n: brand-name drug, proprietary drug} a drug that has a trade name and is protected by a patent (can be produced and sold only by the company holding the patent)
<-> generic drug

{n: bromide} any of the salts of hydrobromic acid; formerly used as a sedative but now generally replaced by safer drugs

{n: bronchodilator} a drug that relaxes and dilates the bronchial passageways and improves the passages of air into the lungs

{n: bummer} a bad reaction to a hallucinogenic drug

{n: buspirone, BuSpar} a drug (trade name BuSpar) designed specifically for anxiety

{n: butyl nitrite, isobutyl nitrite} a colorless pungent liquid sometimes used as a stimulant drug by drug abusers

{n: buy-and-bust operation} an undercover operation by narcotics detectives to catch unsuspecting drug dealers

{n: calcium blocker, calcium-channel blocker} any of a class of drugs that block the flow of the electrolyte calcium (either in nerve cell conduction or smooth muscle contraction of the heart); has been used in the treatment of angina or arrhythmia or hypertension or migraine

{n: cannabis, hemp} any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs

{n: cannabis, marijuana, marihuana, ganja} the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect

{n: capital} a center that is associated more than any other with some activity or product
"the crime capital of Italy"
"the drug capital of Columbia"

{n: captopril, Capoten} a drug (trade name Capoten) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidneys resulting in vasodilation; used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure

{n: cerivastatin, Baycol} an oral drug (trade name Baycol) to reduce blood cholesterol levels

{n: chloral hydrate} a colorless crystalline drug used as a sedative; irritates the stomach and can be addictive

{n: chloroquine} an antimalarial drug used to treat malaria and amebic dysentery and systemic lupus erythematosus

{n: chlorothiazide, Diuril} a diuretic drug (trade name Diuril) used in the treatment of edema and hypertension

{n: chlorpromazine, Thorazine} a drug (trade name Thorazine) derived from phenothiazine that has antipsychotic effects and is used as a sedative and tranquilizer

{n: cimetidine, Tagamet} a drug (trade name Tagamet) used to treat peptic ulcers by decreasing the secretion of stomach acid

{n: cinchonine} an alkaloid derivative of the bark of cinchona trees that is used as an antimalarial drug

{n: clinical trial, clinical test} a rigorously controlled test of a new drug or a new invasive medical device on human subjects; in the United States it is conducted under the direction of the FDA before being made available for general clinical use

{n: clofibrate, Atromid-S} a drug (trade name Atromid-S) that reduces lipids in the blood serum; used to treat some cardiovascular diseases

{n: clomiphene, clomiphene citrate, Clomid} a fertility drug (trade name Clomid) that is used to stimulate ovulation and that has been associated with multiple births

{n: clomipramine} a tricyclic antidepressant drug

{n: clozapine, Clozaril} an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment-resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects

{n: club drug} a controlled substance that is usually taken by young people at dance clubs and raves

{n: colchine} an analgesic drug derived from the saffron plant and used to treat gout

{n: cold turkey} complete and abrupt withdrawal of all addictive drugs or anything else on which you have become dependent
"he quit smoking cold turkey"
"she quit her job cold turkey"

{n: common foxglove, fairy bell, fingerflower, finger-flower, fingerroot, finger-root, Digitalis purpurea} tall leafy European biennial or perennial having spectacular clusters of large tubular pink-purple flowers; leaves yield drug digitalis and are poisonous to livestock

{n: contraception, contraceptive method} birth control by the use of devices (diaphragm or intrauterine device or condom) or drugs or surgery

{n: contraindication} (medicine) a reason that makes it inadvisable to prescribe a particular drug or employ a particular procedure or treatment
<-> indication

{n: controlled substance} a drug or chemical substance whose possession and use are controlled by law

{n: corticosteroid, corticoid, adrenal cortical steroid} a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response
"adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"

{n: crisis intervention} psychotherapy that focuses on acute critical situations (depressive episodes or attempted suicides or drug overdoses) with the aim of restoring the person to the level of functioning before the crisis

{n: crutch} anything that serves as an expedient
"he uses drugs as a psychological crutch"

{n: culture} the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
"the developing drug culture"
"the reason that the agency is doomed to inaction has something to do with the FBI culture"

{n: cytotoxic drug} any drug that has a toxic effect on cells; commonly used in chemotherapy to inhibit the proliferation of cancerous cells

{n: dapsone} antibacterial drug used to treat leprosy and some kinds of skin diseases

{n: deck} street name for a packet of illegal drugs

{n: decoction} (pharmacology) the extraction by boiling of water-soluble drug substances

{n: decongestant} a drug that decreases pulmonary congestion

{n: designer drug} a psychoactive drug deliberately synthesized to avoid anti-drug laws; mimics the effects of a banned drug; law was revised in 1986 to ban designer drugs

{n: despiramine} a tricyclic antidepressant drug that activates the psychomotor system

{n: detoxification} a treatment for addiction to drugs or alcohol intended to remove the physiological effects of the addictive substances

{n: dexamethasone, Decadron, Dexamethasone Intensol, Dexone, Hexadrol, Oradexon} a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation

{n: diazepam, Valium} a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning

{n: diclofenac potassium, Cataflam} a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Cataflam)

{n: diclofenac sodium, Voltaren} a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Voltaren) that is administered only orally

{n: dicumarol, dicoumarol} an anticoagulant drug that has now been largely replaced by warfarin

{n: dilator} a drug that causes dilation

{n: dime bag, dime} street name for a packet of illegal drugs that is sold for ten dollars

{n: diphenylbutyl piperidine} a group of antipsychotic drugs used mainly in the treatment of schizophrenia

{n: diphenylhydantoin, phenytoin, Dilantin} an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative

{n: disorientation, freak out} a wild delusion (especially one induced by a hallucinogenic drug)

{n: disulfiram, Antabuse} a drug (trade name Antabuse) used in the treatment of alcoholism; causes nausea and vomiting if alcohol is ingested

{n: diuresis} increased secretion of urine; if not due to increased liquid intake or to the action of a diuretic drug it can be a symptom of diabetes mellitus

{n: diuretic drug, diuretic, water pill} any substance that tends to increase the flow of urine

{n: diversion, recreation} an activity that diverts or amuses or stimulates
"scuba diving is provided as a diversion for tourists"
"for recreation he wrote poetry and solved crossword puzzles"
"drug abuse is often regarded as a form of recreation"

{n: dopamine, Dopastat, Intropin} a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension

{n: doxorubicin} an antibiotic used as an anticancer drug

{n: drop} a predetermined hiding place for the deposit and distribution of illicit goods (such as drugs or stolen property)

{n: drug addict, junkie, junky} a narcotics addict

{n: drug addiction, white plague} an addiction to a drug (especially a narcotic drug)

{n: drug baron, drug lord} a person who controls an organization dealing in illegal drugs

{n: drug bust, drugs bust} seizure of illegal drugs by the police

{n: drug cartel} an illicit cartel formed to control the production and distribution of narcotic drugs
"drug cartels sometimes finance terrorist organizations"

{n: drug cocktail, highly active antiretroviral therapy, HAART} a combination of protease inhibitors taken with reverse transcriptase inhibitors; used in treating AIDS and HIV

{n: drug company, pharmaceutical company, pharma} a company that makes and sells pharmaceuticals

{n: drug of abuse, street drug} a drug that is taken for nonmedicinal reasons (usually for mind-altering effects); drug abuse can lead to physical and mental damage and (with some substances) dependence and addiction

{n: drug traffic, drug trafficking, narcotraffic} traffic in illegal drugs

{n: drug user, substance abuser, user} a person who takes drugs

{n: drug war} conflict between law enforcement and those who deal in illegal drugs

{n: drug} a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic

{n: effect} a symptom caused by an illness or a drug
"the effects of sleep loss"
"the effect of the anesthetic"

{n: embalmment} preservation (of a dead body) by treating with balsams and drugs and other chemicals

{n: encainide, Enkaid} antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Enkaid) used to treat life-threatening arrhythmias but increases the risk of sudden death in heart attack patients

{n: erythema multiforme} a red rash caused by hypersensitivity to a drug or disease or other allergen

{n: essence} any substance possessing to a high degree the predominant properties of a plant or drug or other natural product from which it is extracted

{n: ethchlorvynol, Placidyl} a mild sedative-hypnotic drug (trade name Placidyl)

{n: ethosuximide, Emeside, Zarontin} an anticonvulsant drug (trade names Emeside and Zarontin) used to treat petit mal epilepsy

{n: etodolac, Lodine} a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Lodine)

{n: euphoriant} a psychoactive drug that tends to produce elation and euphoria

{n: fenoprofen, fenoprofen calcium, Nalfon} a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Nalfon) used in the treatment of arthritis and other painful inflammatory disorders

{n: fertility drug} a drug used to increase a woman's fertility

{n: fibrinolysis} a normal ongoing process that dissolves fibrin and results in the removal of small blood clots
"drugs causing fibrinolysis have been utilized therapeutically"

{n: fixed-combination drug} drug containing fixed amounts of two or more ingredients

{n: fix} something craved, especially an intravenous injection of a narcotic drug
"she needed a fix of chocolate"

{n: flashback} an unexpected but vivid recurrence of a past experience (especially a recurrence of the effects of an hallucinogenic drug taken much earlier)

{n: flower people, hippies, hipsters} a youth subculture (mostly from the middle class) originating in San Francisco in the 1960s; advocated universal love and peace and communes and long hair and soft drugs; favored acid rock and progressive rock music

{n: floxuridine} antineoplastic drug used to treat some cancers; can cause loss of hair

{n: flurbiprofen, Ansaid} a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Ansaid) that is administered only orally

{n: fluvastatin, Lescol} least expensive statin drug (trade name Lescol); usually taken orally at bedtime

{n: frisk, frisking} the act of searching someone for concealed weapons or illegal drugs
"he gave the suspect a quick frisk"

{n: gamma hydroxybutyrate, GHB} a club drug available in liquid or powder form is taken orally (frequently combined with alcohol); used to incapacitate individuals for the commission of sexual assault and rape

{n: gateway drug} a habit-forming drug that is not addictive but its use may lead to the use of other addictive drugs
"one college athlete recently called beer a gateway drug for young people"

{n: general anesthesia, general anaesthesia} a state of total unconsciousness resulting from anesthetic drugs (as for a major surgical operation)

{n: generic drug} when the patent protection for a brand-name drug expires generic versions of the drug can be offered for sale if the FDA agrees
"generic drugs are usually cheaper than brand-name drugs"
<-> brand-name drug

{n: glipzide, Glucotrol} an oral antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucotrol) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas

{n: glyburide, DiaBeta, Micronase} an oral antidiabetic drug (trade names DiaBeta and Micronase) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas

{n: guanabenz, Wytensin} antihypertensive drug (trade name Wytensin) that reduces blood pressure by its effect on the central nervous system

{n: gynecomastia} excessive development of the breasts in males; usually the result of hormonal imbalance or treatment with certain drugs (including some antihypertensives)

{n: hallucinogen, hallucinogenic drug, psychedelic drug, psychodelic drug} a psychoactive drug that induces hallucinations or altered sensory experiences

{n: hangover, katzenjammer} disagreeable aftereffects from the use of drugs (especially alcohol)

{n: hard drug} a narcotic that is considered relatively strong and likely to cause addiction
<-> soft drug

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