英语学习词典
  

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down [ daun] ad.向下,在下面

beat down 打倒,推翻;杀(价)

beat up and down 来回奔走

break down 打破;发生故障;中止

bring down 降低(温度等);使倒下

close down (工厂等)关闭,倒闭

come down 败落

come down on 申斥;惩罚

cry down 贬低

cut down 砍倒;消减;缩短

dig down 挖下去;掘倒

do down 胜过;欺骗

down with 打倒;把…拿下

get down to work 认真开始工作

drink down 以酒消(愁)

get down 从…下来;下车;写下

get down to 开始认真考虑或对待

go down 下去;(船等)下沉

hand down 把…传下来;传给

hold down 压制;抑制(热情等)

keep down 控制;压服;缩减开支

knock down 撞倒;击落;拆除

lay down 放下;铺设(铁路)

let down 放下;降低;使…失望

lie down 躺下;(故意)躺下不干

look down on 蔑视,看不起

make down 改小(衣服)

mark down 记下;标低(商品)价目

pull down 拆毁,拉倒;使降低

put down 记下;镇压;杀死

ride down 骑马赶上;践踏

rub down 用力擦遍;按摩

run down 跑下;撞倒;追捕到

set down 记下;登记;放下

settle down 定居;安下心来

slow down 放慢速度;减退

take down 取下;记下;拆卸

tear down 扯下;拆毁;诋毁

track down 找到,发现;查出

turn down 关小,调低;拒绝

vote down 否决

write down 写下;把…描写成

back down off 放弃,让步,退却

bear down 压倒,击败,克服

bear down on 冲向;对…施加压力

burn down 把…夷为平地

call down 祈求到;招来

calm down 平静下来;镇定下来

close down 停止播送;控制

come down on 申斥;惩罚;袭击

go down 为…所接受,得到赞同

up and down 上上下下;前前后后

back down/off 放弃,让步,退却

break down 损坏,分解,瓦解

bring down 打倒,挫伤;降低

cut down 削减,降低

die down 渐渐消失,平息

get down 从...下来;写下

get down to 开始,着手

go down 下降,降低;被载人,传下去

hand down 留传下来,传给,往下传

keep down 控制,压制,镇压;压低,放低(声音)

knock down 撞倒, 击倒

lay down 安装、建造、铺设

let down 放下,降低;使失望

look down on 看不起,轻视

pull down 拆毁,拉倒; 拉下,降低

put down 记下,放下;镇压,平定

run down 撞倒,停掉,撞沉;追捕,追

set down 卸下,放下,记下,记入

settle down 定居,过安定的生活

take down 记下,写下

turn down 关小,调低;拒绝,搌斥

back down/off
放弃,让步,退却

break down
损坏,分解,瓦解

bring down
打倒,挫伤;降低

cut down
削减,降低

die down
渐渐消失,平息

get down
从...下来;写下

get down to
开始,着手

go down
下降,降低;被载人,传下去

hand down
留传下来,传给,往下传

keep down
控制,压制,镇压;压低,放低(声音)

knock down
撞倒, 击倒

lay down
安装、建造、铺设

let down
放下,降低;使失望

look down on
看不起,轻视

pull down
拆毁,拉倒; 拉下,降低

put down
记下,放下;镇压,平定

run down
撞倒,停掉,撞沉;追捕,追

set down
卸下,放下,记下,记入

settle down
定居,过安定的生活

take down
记下,写下

turn down
关小,调低;拒绝,搌斥

down prep.沿着,沿…而下, ad. 向下

down [ daun] n.绒毛,汗毛

down [daun] 向下

搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value)

打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering

打假 crack down on counterfeit goods

打假办 Office of Cracking down on Fake Products

股市行情 the ups and downs of the stock market

脚踏实地 be down-to-earth

首期按揭 down-payment

严打斗争 "Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities"

祖传 handed down from one's ancestors

DSK Down-Stream Key 下游键

Knock-down carcass 可随时拆卸的框架

CKD(complete knock down) 整体拆装式家具

Down and Feather 羽绒被

Down Garment 羽绒

Down Jacket 羽绒服

Down Pillow 羽绒夹克

Down Quilt 羽绒枕

Punch Down Tool 打线工具

Tie Down 半导体闸流管

lie down 屈从。

put down roots in 定居

for more specialized work 为更专门的工作
for prospects of promotion 为晋升的前途
for higher responsibility 为更高层次的工作责任
for wider experience 为扩大工作经验
due to close-down of company 由于公司倒闭
due to expiry of employment 由于雇用期满
offered a more challenging opportunity 获得的更有挑战性的工作机会
sought a better job 找到了更好的工作
to look for a more challenging opportunity 找一个更有挑战性的工作机会
to seek a better job 找一份更好的工作

close-down sale:(店关闭前的)大甩卖

to decline an offer 或 to turn down an offer 谢绝报盘

to be laid down in the contract 在合同中列明

down-to-earth 实在的
A: I had a chance to chat with Dr. Lee last time. I was totally surprised to find out that a famous person like him can be so down-to-earth.
A: 我上次有機會跟 Dr. Lee 閒聊。 我很驚訝地發現一個像他這樣有名氣的人竟然可以這樣的真實純樸。
B: Really? Tell me more about it.
B: 真的啊? 再跟我多講一點!

weirdo 怪人; 怪胎
A: Stop bouncing up and down, you weirdo!
A: 不要跳来跳去的, 怪人!
B: I'm happy!
B: 我很开心嘛!
- "weird"和"strange"这二个都是「奇怪」的意思的词。在美国好象多半会用"weird", 而不太会用"strange"。
这二个字其实意思上没什么太大的分别, 也许可以说, "weird" 在「奇怪的程度上」比"strange"稍微强烈一点。

由此下楼 down; downstairs

bake down 临阵退缩

boil down to 归结起来是;其结果是

break down 故障;毁坏

bring down the house 掌声雷动

cast down 沮丧

come down with 病倒

cut down on 削减

cut sb down to size 揭穿某人的底细

double crosser 出卖朋友的人 down in the dumps 愁眉苦脸

down in the mouth 愁眉苦脸

down on one's luck 倒楣

down payment 分期付款的定金

Down the hatch! 干杯!

get down to 开始处理

get down to business 办正经事

get me down 令我生气

go down 下降;被记录下来

go down the drain 前功尽弃;白费心机

pay down (分期付款)付头款

pipe down 安静些

put one's foot down 坚决反对

right down one's alley 正好是某人所精通的

run down 撞倒;诋毁;破旧的

sell sb down the river 出卖某人

settle down 安定

take down 记下

tear down 拆毁

That's right down my alley. 那是我最拿手的.

the crack of down 破晓

turn down 放低(音量);否决(提案)

You can't keep a good man down. 好人自有出头之日.

You let me down. 你太让我失望了.

don’t turn me down 不要拒绝我

don’t let me down 别叫我失望  

If your mobile breaks down more than twice because of a mechanical fault, we will replace it.
如果你的手机出现两次以上的故障,我们将予以更换。

If your mobile phone breaks down, we will carry out as many repairs as your product needs, free of charge.
如果你的手机出现故障,我们随时提供免费修理。

脚踏实地 be down-to-earth

留级 to repeat the year's work; to stay down

due to close-down of company 由于公司倒闭

交通规则 traffic regulation
路标 guide post
里程碑 milestone
停车标志 mark car stop
红绿灯 traffic light
自动红绿灯 automatic traffic signal light
红灯 red light
绿灯 green light
黄灯 amber light
交通岗 traffic post
岗亭 police box
交通警 traffic police
打手势 pantomime
单行线 single line
双白线 double white lines
双程线dual carriage-way
斑马线 zebra stripes
划路线机 traffic line marker
交通干线 artery traffic
车行道 carriage-way
辅助车道 lane auxiliary
双车道 two-way traffic
自行车通行 cyclists only
单行道 one way only
窄路 narrow road
潮湿路滑 slippery when wet
陡坡 steep hill
不平整路 rough road
弯路 curve road ; bend road
连续弯路 winding road
之字路 double bend road
之字公路 switch back road
下坡危险 dangerous down grade
道路交叉点 road junction
十字路 cross road
左转 turn left
右转 turn right
靠左 keep left
靠右 keep right
慢驶 slow
速度 speed
超速 excessive speed
速度限制 speed limit
恢复速度 resume speed
禁止通行 no through traffic
此路不通 blocked
不准驶入 no entry
不准超越 keep in line ; no overhead
不准掉头 no turns
让车道 passing bay
回路 loop
安全岛 safety island
停车处 parking place
停私人车 private car park
只停公用车 public car only
不准停车 restricted stop
不准滞留 restricted waiting
临街停车 parking on-street
街外停车 parking off-street
街外卸车 loading off-street
当心行人 caution pedestrian crossing
当心牲畜 caution animals
前面狭桥 narrow bridge ahead
拱桥 hump bridge
火车栅 level crossing
修路 road works
医院 hospital
儿童 children
学校 school
寂静地带 silent zone
非寂静地带 silent zone ends
交通管理 traffic control
人山人海 crowded conditions
拥挤的人 jam-packed with people
交通拥挤 traffic jam
水泄不通 overwhelm
顺挤 extrusion direct
冲挤 extrusion impact
推挤 shoved
挨身轻推 nudging
让路 give way
粗心行人 careless pedestrian
犯交通罪 committing traffic offences
执照被记违章 endorsed on driving license
危险驾驶 dangerous driving
粗心驾车 careless driving
无教员而驾驶 driving without an instructor
无证驾驶 driving without license
未经车主同意 without the owner's consent
无第三方保险 without third-party insurance
未挂学字牌 driving without a "L" plate
安全第一 safety first
轻微碰撞 slight impact
迎面相撞 head-on collision
相撞 collided
连环撞 a chain collision
撞车 crash
辗过 run over
肇事逃跑司机 hit-run driver
冲上人行道 drive onto the pavement

打拐 Cracking Down on the Abduction of Women and Children

即期付款 spot cash; cash down; cash on the nail

doubling down
兼署理较低职级

doubling-down allowance
兼署理较低职级津贴

water down 淡化

Can you come down a little? --Sorry, it's one price for all.
你能便宜一点卖吗?对不起,不二价.

Down payment 定金

Shut down 关闭,停工,停产,停业

下行程
down stroke

下流式转化器
down flow type converter

加载减速法
lug down method

Don't let me down!
别让我失望!

Don't let this get you down.
不要为此灰心丧气。

Down the hatch!
干杯。

Slow down!
慢点!

Please turn the radio down. I'm trying to sleep.
请把收音机关小点,我想睡觉了。

Please turn the television down. I'm trying to sleep.
请把电视机关小点声,我想睡觉了。

Work was halted when the machine broke down.
机器出故障时,工作停了下来。

She slowed down her pace so I could keep up with her.
她放慢了速度,以便我能跟上她。

The policeman paced up and down the street.
警察在街上踱来踱去。

Hold the handrail for safety while coming down the steps.
下台阶时,抓住栏杆以保安全。

The boy came down the hand-rail.
那个男孩顺着楼梯扶手往下走。

John is to attend the meeting in place of the manager, who has come down with a bad cold.
约翰代替经理参加会议,因为经理患了重感冒。

Slowly, the parents filed into the classroom and sat down.
家长们一个个慢慢地走进教室,坐了下来。

I saw a peculiar thing today; a dog was walking down the street wearing a red hat!
今天我看到一件怪事;一条狗戴着顶红帽子在街上走。

The foundation of that building is weak; it may fall down.
这幢建筑物的地基很差,可能会倒塌。

Write your idea down while it's clear in your mind.
趁你还没忘,把你的想法写下来。

Write down what you still remember.
把你还记得的写下来。

After two months' intensified course, he could write down the teacher's lecture in English.
经过二个月的强化训练,他已用英语记下老师的讲课内容了。

Pressure on the surface of an object changes with the depth of the object below the surface of the water. In other words, the farther down you go, the greater the pressure.
物体表面的压力随着物体在水下深度的变化而变化。换言之,你越往下按,压力就越大。

Please write down your permanent address in the form.
请在表上填写你的永久性地址。

There is no harm in writing down your name on the form.
在表格里写下你的名字不会有什么坏处。

Women have grown tired of being looked down on by bosses.
妇女已经讨厌雇主瞧不起女人了。

The school looks down on such behavior.
这所学校不赞成这种行为。

The army fought its way down and captured many enemy camps.
这支部队长驱直入,攻下了许多敌军军营。

The house burnt down; fortunately, no one was hurt.
房子烧了;幸运的是,没有人受伤。

Life is full of ups and downs.
人生充满了欢乐与痛苦。

He has seen the ups and downs in the history of the relations between the two countries.
他经历了两国关系史上的圆缺阴晴。

He tried to join the army but was turned down because of poor health.
他想参军,但因身体不好被拒绝。

Why was I turned down for the job? Is it because I’m a woman?
为什么不让我做那项工作?因为我是一个女人吗?

If you can’t give up smoking completely, at least try to cut down.
如果不能完全戒烟,至少要少抽点。

People concerned about cholesterol levels often try to cut down on meats.
担心自己胆固醇高的人常常减少肉类的摄入。

Don't pour these tea leaves down the drain — you'll block the sewer.
别把这些茶叶往排水管里倒, 这样会堵塞下水道的。

They’ve given our plan the thumbs up / down.
他们赞成 / 反对我们的计划。

If everyone refused to buy meat in protest, the shops would have to bring their meat prices down.
如果大家都拒绝购买肉类以示抗议,商店就得将肉类价格降下来。

Pressure on the surface of an object changes with the depth of the object below the surface of the water. In other words, the farther down you go, the greater the pressure.
对一个物体表面的压力会随着该物体在水下深度的变化而变化。换言之,你越往下按,压力就越大。

His determination, his refusing to back down, and possibly his integrity had won the day.
他的决心,他的不屈不挠,也许还有他的正直,使他获得了成功。

sell out (to): let down one's cause, one's side (to someone)
背叛事业或立场

Most of the diseased trees were chopped down last year.
大多数的病树在去年给砍倒了。

He was shot down in enemy territory.
他是在敌人的领土上被击落的。

He is a good worker, and will hold down his job.
他是一个好工人,可以保住他的工作。

He holds down quite a good job in the city.
他在城里拥有一份相当好的工作。

Greedy for power, the general plotted a plan to knock down the government.
因为权欲作祟,这个将军阴谋推翻政府。

a run-down block of flats 一栋破旧不堪的公寓

They lived in an old run-down hotel by the railway bridge.
他们住在铁路桥旁边一家又破又旧的旅馆里。

They have put substantial funds into rebuilding one of the most run-down areas in Scotland.
他们动用了大量资金来重建苏格兰最破旧的一个地区。

Everyone works, from the President down to the boy who sweeps the floor.
每个人都工作,上至总统下到扫地的男孩。

Marriages usually break down as a result of the shortcomings of both partners.
婚姻破裂通常是男女双方的缺点所造成的。

The sun beamed down upon the peaceful village.
阳光照耀着那个宁静的村庄。

My computer was down this morning.
我的计算机今天早上坏了。

The central heating system of this office building is down and several workers are repairing it right now.
这幢办公楼的中央供暖系统坏了,几位工人正在修理。

The owner of the flower shop has promised to hold its prices down.
花店的主人答应降低价格。

The rate of interest has been held down.
利息率被压低了。

The standard of performance has gone down since last year.
表演水平自去年以来下降了。

Egg prices usually go down in the spring, when they are more plentiful.
春季蛋价通常会下降,因为此时蛋很多。

You should turn your music down out of consideration for your neighbours.
考虑一下你的邻居,你该把音乐放低些。

I know this job of mine isn't much, but on the other hand I don't feel tied down.
我知道我这件工作不重要,但从另一方面来说,我不觉得受束缚。

Why was I turned down for the job?
为什么不接受我做这项工作?

I'm afraid your request for a pay rise was turned down again.
恐怕你要求加工资的请求又被拒绝了。

She used to have servants: now she finds it a come-down to have to do the work herself.
她过去雇有佣人,现在她得自己干活,觉得很委屈。

The ideas seem to be far more down-to-earth and sensible.
这些想法似乎实际和理智得多。

Gloria is probably the most down-to-earth person I've ever met.
格洛里亚或许是我所见的人中最实际的一个了。

Sit down, please.
请坐。

Can you came down a bit?
可以再便宜点吗?

Turn down the radio please.
请放低音量。

Slow down! 慢点!

Don't let me down. 别让我失望。

Don't let this get you down. 不要为此灰心丧气。

He led them down the mountain. 他带他们下山。

How do I control myself? I can't calm down.我怎能控制我自己?我无法冷静下来。

You forget to write down the date of your departure.您忘了写离店日期了。

Walking up and down the stairs would beat any exercise machine.上下楼梯可比什么健身器都要好。

Professor Taiju Matsuzawa wanted to find out why otherwise healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and reason at a relatively early age, and how the process of ageing could he slowed down.
Taiju Matsuzawa 教授想找出为什么日本北部的健康农民在相对年轻的年龄就显得开始失去思考与推理的能力的原因以及怎样才能延缓老化过程。

Unless productivity growth is unexpectedly large, however, the expansion of real output must eventually begin to slow down to the economy’s larger run growth potential if generalized demand pressures on prices are to be avoided.
除非生产力的增长出人意料的大,不然实际产出的扩大最终要开始减缓以适应经济的可持续发展,这样才能避免价格的综合需求压力。

The family is a co-operative enterprise for which it is difficult to lay down rules, because each family, needs to work out its own ways for solving its own problems.
家庭就像是一个合作式的企业一样,很难制定统一的规则,因为每个家庭都需要自己的独特的解决问题的办法。

But in actual practice this system breaks down in many ways, because the organism and the environment are constantly interacting so that the environment is modified by the orgainism and vice versa.
但是在实际中这套系统在很多方面失败了,因为有机物和环境在不断相互作用,所以环境在不断被有机物修改,反过来也是一样。

Bent stripes, called chevrons painted on the roads make drivers think that they are driving faster than they really are, and thus drivers slow down.
喷刷在马路上的弯曲的人字型条纹, 使司机们觉得他们驾驶的速度比实际的快, 因此司机会减速行驶

Why does cream go bad faster than butter? Some researchers think they have the answer, and it comes down to the structure of the food, not its chemical composition-a finding that could help rid some processed foods of chemical preservatives.
为什么奶油比黄油坏的快呢?已有些研究者认为他们找到了答案,这与食物的结构有关,而不是它的化学成分—这一发现使得有些化学处理保存食物的方法无效了。

We looked down from the mountain to the valley below.
我们从山上俯瞰下面的山谷。

She cast her eyes down to avoid direct eye contact.
她垂下双目以避免对视。

It gets cold quickly when the sun goes down.
太阳下山后天气很快就会冷下来。

Please sit down.
请坐下。

The tears ran down her cheeks.
泪水沿着她的面颊流下。

He is walking down the seaside.
他正沿海边走去。

The fruit dropped down from the tree.
水果从树上掉下来。

The old woman fell down a flight of stairs.
那位老太太从一段楼梯上摔了下来。

The flow of melted snow cascaded down the mountainside and into the river.
溶化的雪水如瀑布般沿着山崖边泻入河里。

He put down his glass.
他放下杯子。

He wrote down his name on the list.
他将他的名字写在清单上。

The teacher asked me to note down the main points of the speech.
老师要求我把演说的要点记下来。

He looks down from the top of the mountain to the valley far below.
他从山顶向下眺望下面幽深的山谷。

I told myself to calm down.
我告诫自己要冷静下来。

Let me note down your address and telephone number.
让我记下你的地址和电话号码。


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