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dominant

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dominant [ 'dɔminənt] a.统治的 n.主因

以公有制为主体,多种经济成分共同发展 the pattern with the public sector remaining dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side

dominant 支配的,占优势的

大国 [dà guó] /a power (i.e. a dominant country)/

龙头老大 [lóng tóu lǎo dà] /big boss/leader of a group/dominant (position)/

优势 [yōu shì] /superior/dominant/

{adj: dominant} (of genes) producing the same phenotype whether its allele is identical or dissimilar
<-> recessive

{adj: dominant} exercising influence or control
"television plays a dominant role in molding public opinion"
"the dominant partner in the marriage"
<-> subordinate

{adj: recessive} (of genes) producing its characteristic phenotype only when its allele is identical
<-> dominant

{adj: subordinate, low-level} lower in rank or importance
<-> dominant

{adv: demandingly} in a demanding manner
"he became demandingly dominant over the years"

{adv: dominantly} in a dominant fashion
"religion functions dominantly in many societies"

{adv: precariously} in a precarious manner
"being a precariously dominant minority is a difficult position for human nature to cope with"

{n: Amharic, Ethiopian language} the dominant and official language of Ethiopia; a Semitic language much influenced by the Cushitic language with which Amhara have been in close contact

{n: Bible Belt} southern United States; where Protestant fundamentalism is dominant

{n: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy} a form of neuropathy that can begin between childhood and young adulthood; characterized by weakness and atrophy of the muscles of the hands and lower legs; progression is slow and individuals affected can have a normal life span; inheritance is X-linked recessive or X-linked dominant

{n: Mahayana, Mahayana Buddhism} one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing a common search for universal salvation especially through faith alone; the dominant religion of China and Tibet and Japan

{n: Marfan's syndrome} an autosomal dominant disease characterized by elongated bones (especially of limbs and digits) and abnormalities of the eyes and circulatory system

{n: Rajput, Rajpoot} a member of the dominant Hindu military caste in northern India

{n: Reptilia, class Reptilia} class of cold-blooded air-breathing vertebrates with completely ossified skeleton and a body usually covered with scales or horny plates; once the dominant land animals

{n: Saxon} a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Angles and Jutes to become Anglo-Saxons; dominant in England until the Norman conquest

{n: Scholasticism} the system of philosophy dominant in medieval Europe; based on Aristotle and the Church Fathers

{n: Sparta} an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess; the dominant city of the Peloponnesus prior to the 4th century BC

{n: Theravada, Theravada Buddhism} one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through your own efforts; a conservative form of Buddhism that adheres to Pali scriptures and the non-theistic ideal of self purification to Nirvana; the dominant religion of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand and Laos and Cambodia

{n: X-linked dominant inheritance} hereditary pattern in which a dominant gene on the X chromosome causes a characteristic to be manifested in the offspring

{n: allele, allelomorph} either of a pair (or series) of alternative forms of a gene that can occupy the same locus on a particular chromosome and that control the same character
"some alleles are dominant over others"

{n: ascendant, ascendent} position or state of being dominant or in control
"that idea was in the ascendant"

{n: association} (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species

{n: autosomal dominant disease, autosomal dominant disorder} a disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome

{n: biome} a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms of plant life and the prevailing climate

{n: carrier} (genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring

{n: cerebrum} anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans

{n: cityscape} a viewpoint toward a city or other heavily populated area
"the dominant character of the cityscape is it poverty"

{n: corn} (Great Britain) any of various cereal plants (especially the dominant crop of the region--wheat in England or oats in Scotland and Ireland)

{n: distal muscular dystrophy} a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in between 40 and 60 years of age and is characterized by weakness and wasting of the muscles of the hands and forearms and lower legs; inheritance is autosomal dominant

{n: dominant allele, dominant} an allele that produces the same phenotype whether its paired allele is identical or different

{n: dominant gene} gene that produces the same phenotype in the organism whether or not its allele identical
"the dominant gene for brown eyes"

{n: dominant} (music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale

{n: fiefdom} an organization that is controlled by a dominant person or group

{n: grassland} land where grass or grasslike vegetation grows and is the dominant form of plant life

{n: homophony} part music with one dominant voice (in a homophonic style)

{n: hue, chromaticity} the quality of a color as determined by its dominant wavelength

{n: hydrozoan, hydroid} colonial coelenterates having the polyp phase dominant

{n: kingdom, land, realm} a domain in which something is dominant
"the untroubled kingdom of reason"
"a land of make-believe"
"the rise of the realm of cotton in the south"

{n: mediant} (music) the third note of a diatonic scale; midway between the tonic and the dominant

{n: myotonic muscular dystrophy, myotonic dystrophy, myotonia atrophica, Steinert's disease} a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by generalized weakness and muscular wasting that affects the face and feet and hands and neck; difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips; the onset can be any time from birth to middle age and the progression is slow; inheritance is autosomal dominant

{n: neurofibromatosis, von Recklinghausen's disease} autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous neurofibromas and by spots on the skin and often by developmental abnormalities

{n: oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy} a form of muscular dystrophy that usually begins between early adulthood and middle age and first affects muscles of the eyelid and throat; progresses slowly with swallowing problems common as the disease progresses; inheritance is autosomal dominant

{n: osteogenesis imperfecta} autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue characterized by brittle bones that fracture easily

{n: placoderm} fishlike vertebrate with bony plates on head and upper body; dominant in seas and rivers during the Devonian; considered the earliest vertebrate with jaws

{n: reign} a period during which something or somebody is dominant or powerful
"he was helpless under the reign of his egotism"

{n: scrub oak} any of various chiefly American small shrubby oaks often a dominant form on thin dry soils sometimes forming dense thickets

{n: scyphozoan} any of various usually free-swimming marine coelenterates having a gelatinous medusoid stage as the dominant phase of its life cycle

{n: sol, soh, so} the syllable naming the fifth (dominant) note of any musical scale in solmization

{n: stream, flow, current} dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas
"two streams of development run through American history"
"stream of consciousness"
"the flow of thought"
"the current of history"

{v: overarch} be central or dominant
"This scene overarches the entire first act"

The Three Tenors Appeal to Millions
三大男高音,百万歌剧迷
Three tenor singers whose natural home is the stage of the international opera house, continue to make a giant impact with ordinary people all over the world.
三大男高音真正的用武之地是国际歌剧院的舞台,他们对全世界的普通人仍然具有巨大的影响。
The tenor is the dominant hero of the opera stage, a lead among leaders, the champion of the high C.
歌剧舞台的主角是男高音,他们是主角中的主角,高音 C 的捍卫者。

In discerning the double-helical nature of DNA, Watson and Crick paved the way for understanding the molecular biology of the gene, the dominant scientific accomplishment of the postwar era.
通过发现 DNA 的双螺旋性质,华生和科利克为人类理解基因分子生物学铺平了道路,同时,这一发现也是战后时期主要的科学成就。

Says Vinick, " Anyway, not having lived in the wild for so long, he would probably initially be a less dominant male than others. "
维尼克说:不管怎样,由于离开自然界时间太久,刚开始它也许不会像其他雄性鲸鱼那样强大。

Potential suitors - LVMH and Gucci among them - have shied away from Klein's privately held company because its licensing agreements would deny a buyer dominant control of its product lines.
然而,由于该公司的授权生产协议禁止收购者绝对控制其产品系列,一些有意收购该公司的竞标者──其中包括路易威登和古驰──只好避而远之。

Although the Commission backed ESAT during the three years it took to handle its complaint, it recently reversed its stance on the precedent-setting case, which would have required Europe's dominant phone companies to compensate new entrants for all the years they overcharged them.
虽然欧洲委员会在处理该案的 3年间一直支持 ESAT ,但最近改变了它以此案为开创先例的立常如果坚持原先的立场,欧洲各大电话公司必须向新兴公司赔偿过去几年中向它们多收的费用。

The Commission's U-turn sends the wrong message to traditional telcos at a time when the industry is attempting to break the dominant carrier's grip on the local loop, the part of the network which reaches the consumers ' homes.
正当电信行业努力打破大通信公司对当地网络(延伸到消费者家中的网络部分)建设的垄断局面时,欧洲委员会在上述事件中立场的大转变无疑向传统电话公司传达了一条错误信息。

Before he joined Mannesmann, Berg was a chief executive officer of Telia, Sweden's dominant carrier.
在加盟曼内斯曼之前,伯格曾任瑞典最大的电话公司特利亚的首席执行官。

Despite the opening of Europe's telecommunications market to full competition, Europe's dominant phone companies still hold the majority of their national call markets, according to telecommunications consultancy Dataquest. France Telecom has 97% of the market and BT still has 76% of the UK market.
数据调查公司的统计数据表明,虽然欧洲电信市场已经实行全面竞争,欧洲各大电信公司仍持有所在国家电话市场的大部分份额:法国电信拥有该国 97%的市场份额,英国电信仍占有英国 76%的市场份额。

Normally, a family group would be defended by the dominant male standing up, screaming, beating his chest and displaying his three-inch incisors.
通常情况下,属于一个家族的一群大猩猩由一只领头的雄性猩猩保护,遇到情况它会立起身子,尖叫着,以手捶胸,还露出他三寸长的门牙。

Starting from the premise that mythology and legend preserve at least a nucleus of historical fact, Bachofen argued that women were dominant in many ancient societies.
从神话和传说至少保存了史实的核心这一前提出发,巴霍芬论辨道,女性在许多古代社会占据着统治地位。

But before Wagner a secular outlook that analyzed Black poetry solely within the context of political and social protest was dominant in the field.
但在瓦格纳之前,一种将黑人诗歌仅仅置于政治以及社会抗议这一背景当中来进行分析的世俗观点在这一领域中占据了主导地位。

Within the larger framework of American colonial life, then, not the Southern but the Puritan colonies appear to have been distinctive, and even they seem to have been rapidly assimilating to the dominant cultural patterns by the last Colonial period.
这样,在美国殖民地生活较为宽广的架构内,不是南方殖民地,而是那些清教殖民地,才显得与“众”不同,而即使是它们也似乎在殖民地后期迅速地趋近于那些主流文化模式。

F02.2*
Dementia in Huntington's disease (G10+)
A dementia occurring as part of a widespread degeneration of the brain. The disorder is
transmitted by a single autosomal dominant gene. Symptoms typically emerge in the third
and fourth decade. Progression is slow, leading to death usually within 10 to 15 years.
Dementia in Huntington's chorea
发生於亨丁顿氏病之痴呆 (G10+)  
痴呆之发生乃脑部广泛性退化的一部份。亨丁顿氏
病是藉单一之显性体染色基因来遗传。症状典型地
出现於 20 及 30 多岁时。进展缓慢 , 通常在 10 到 15 年间
导致死亡。 
发生於亨丁顿氏舞蹈病之痴呆 

F41 .0
Panic disorder [episodic paroxysmal anxiety]
The essential feature is recurrent attacks of severe anxiety (panic), which are not
restricted to any particular situation or set of circumstances and are therefore
unpredictable. As with other anxiety disorders, the dominant symptoms include sudden onset
of palpitations, chest pain, choking sensations, dizziness, and feelings of unreality
(depersonalization or derealization). There is often also a secondary fear of dying,
losing control, or going mad. Panic disorder should not be given as the main diagnosis if
the patient has a depressive disorder at the time the attacks start; in these
circumstances the panic attacks are probably secondary to depression.
Panic:
. attack
. state
Excludes: panic disorder with agoraphobia (F40.0)
恐慌症 ( 阵发性突发焦虑 )
基本现象是重覆发作的严重焦虑 ( 恐慌 ) , 其发生不
限於任何情境或环境 , 所以是不可预期的。和其他
焦虑症一样 , 主要症状是突然的心悸、胸痛、窒息
感 , 头晕和不真实感 ( 自我感丧失或现实感丧失 )
等。有次发性的害怕死亡、失去控制或发狂。若恐
慌发作时同时有郁症 , 则不应诊断恐慌症 , 因为它
可能是郁症之续发症状而已。
恐慌发作或恐慌状态
不包含 : 伴有惧旷之恐慌症 (F40.0) 。

F41.1
Generalized anxiety disorder
Anxiety that is generalized and persistent but not restricted to, or even strongly
predominating in, any particular environmental circumstances (i.e. it is
"free-floating"). The dominant symptoms are variable but include complaints of
persistent nervousness, trembling, muscular tensions, sweating, lightheadedness,
palpitations, dizziness, and epigastric discomfort. Fears that the patient or a relative
will shortly become ill or have an accident are often expressed.
Anxiety:
. neurosis
. reaction
Excludes: neurasthenia (F48.0)
泛焦虑症
基本现象是广泛且持续地焦虑 , 但不局限或明显发
生於某一特殊情境 ( 即它是自由浮动性的 ) 。明显
症状变异很大 , 但时常抱怨觉得很紧张、颤抖、肌
肉紧张、盗汗、头轻飘飘、心悸、头晕和上腹不适
等。经常表达害怕自己或亲人最近的将来会生病或
有意外。
. 焦虑性精神官能症
. 焦虑反应
不包含 : 神经衰弱症 (F48.0)

G71.1
Myotonic disorders
Dystrophia myotonica [Steinert]
Myotonia:
. chondrodystrophic
. drug-induced
. symptomatic
Myotonia congenita:
. NOS
. dominant [Thomsen]
. recessive [Becker]
Neuromyotonia [Isaacs]
Paramyotonia congenita
Pseudomyotonia
Use additional external cause code (Chapter XX), if desired, to identify drug, if
drug-induced.
肌强直疾患
肌强直营养不良
. 软骨营养障碍之肌强直病
. 药物诱导之肌强直病
. 病因明显的之肌强直病
天性肌强直病 :
. 其他未明示的
. 显性
. 隐性
神经肌强直病
先天性副肌强直病
假性肌强直病
若药物诱导 , 如有需要 , 使用附码 ( 第二十章 ) , 以
确定药物。

autosomal dominant inheritance 常染色体显形遗传

dominant 显性的,优势的

dominant acting gene 显性开放基因

dominant allele 显性等位基因

dominant gene 显性基因

dominant hemisphere 优势半球

dominant interference 显性干涉

dominant lethal 显性致死

dominant mutation 显性突变

dominant negative 显性阴性的,显性失活的

dominant negative mutant 显性失活突变体

dominant oncogenic 显性致癌的

dominant frequency 优势频率;主频率


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