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disorder [ dis'ɔ:də] n.混乱,杂乱;骚乱

disorder [ dis'ɔ:də] n.疾病,小病

disorder [dis'ɔ:də] n. 混乱

精神病 psychiatric disorders

psychiatric disorders 精神病

This oil is very good for regulating digestive disorders.

The laws of Nature, that is to say the laws of God, plainly made every human being a law unto himself, we must steadfastly refuse to obey those laws, and we must as steadfastly stand by the conventions which ignore them , since the statutes furnish us peace, fairly good government and stability, and therefore are better for us than the laws of God, which would soon plunge us into confusion and disorder and anarchy if we should adopt them.
Mark Twain, American writer 

拨乱反正 [bō luàn fǎn zhèng] /bring order out of chaos/set to rights things which have been thrown into disorder/

溷 [hùn] /disordered/privy/

藉 [jí] /in disorder/

精神病 [jīng shén bìng] /mental disorder/psychosis/

内乱 [nèi luàn] /internal disorder/civil strife/

神经病 [shén jīng bìng] /mental disorder/neuropathy/

紊 [wěn] /involved/tangled/disorder/

紊乱 [wěn luàn] /disorder/

{adj: agranulocytic} relating to the blood disorder of agranulocytosis

{adj: apractic, apraxic} having uncoordinated muscular movements, symptomatic of a CNS disorder

{adj: bilious, liverish, livery} suffering from or suggesting a liver disorder or gastric distress

{adj: broken, confused, disordered, upset} thrown into a state of disarray or confusion
"troops fleeing in broken ranks"
"a confused mass of papers on the desk"
"the small disordered room"
"with everything so upset"

{adj: clouded} mentally disordered
"a mind clouded by sorrow"

{adj: confused, disconnected, disjointed, disordered, garbled, illogical, scattered, unconnected} lacking orderly continuity
"a confused set of instructions"
"a confused dream about the end of the world"
"disconnected fragments of a story"
"scattered thoughts"

{adj: disordered, unordered} not arranged in order
<-> ordered

{adj: disorderly, higgledy-piggledy, hugger-mugger, jumbled, topsy-turvy} in utter disorder
"a disorderly pile of clothes"

{adj: disruptive, riotous, troubled, tumultuous, turbulent} characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination
"effects of the struggle will be violent and disruptive"
"riotous times"
"these troubled areas"
"the tumultuous years of his administration"
"a turbulent and unruly childhood"

{adj: dyslectic, dyslexic} having impaired ability to comprehend written words usually associated with a neurologic disorder

{adj: gastrointestinal, GI} of or relating to the stomach and intestines
"a gastrointestinal disorder"

{adj: geriatric} of or relating to the aged
"geriatric disorder"

{adj: hysteric, hysterical} characterized by or arising from psychoneurotic hysteria
"during hysterical conditions various functions of the human body are disordered"- Morris Fishbein
"hysterical amnesia"

{adj: incipient, inchoate} only partly in existence; imperfectly formed
"incipient civil disorder"
"an incipient tumor"
"a vague inchoate idea"

{adj: maniacal, maniac} wildly disordered
"a maniacal frenzy"

{adj: manic-depressive} suffering from a disorder characterized by alternating mania and depression

{adj: mental} affected by a disorder of the mind
"a mental patient"
"mental illness"

{adj: nervous, neural} of or relating to the nervous system
"nervous disease"
"neural disorder"

{adj: neurotic, psychoneurotic} affected with emotional disorder
<-> unneurotic

{adj: neurotic} characteristic of or affected by neurosis
"neurotic disorder"
"neurotic symptoms"

{adj: ordered} having a systematic arrangement; especially having elements succeeding in order according to rule
"an ordered sequence"
<-> disordered

{adj: psychiatric, psychiatrical} relating to or used in or engaged in the practice of psychiatry
"psychiatric disorder"
"psychiatric hospital"

{adj: psychogenetic, psychogenic} of or relating to the psychological cause of a disorder

{adj: psychogenic} mental or emotional rather than physiological in origin
"a psychogenic disorder"

{adj: psychopathic, psychopathologic, psychopathological} suffering from an undiagnosed mental disorder

{adj: sane} mentally healthy; free from mental disorder
"appears to be completely sane"
<-> insane

{adj: shipshape, trim, well-kept} of places; characterized by order and neatness; free from disorder
"even the barn was shipshape"
"a trim little sailboat"

{adj: sociopathic} of or relating to a sociopathic personality disorder

{adj: thyroid} suggestive of a thyroid disorder
"thyroid personality"

{adj: unclouded} not mentally disordered
"an unclouded mind"

{adj: unquiet} characterized by unrest or disorder
"unquiet days of riots"
"following the assassination of Martin Luter King ours was an unquiet nation"
"spent an unquiet night tossing and turning"
<-> quiet

{adj: well-adjusted, well-balanced} free from psychological disorder
"a well-adjusted personality"

{adv: higgledy-piggledy, topsy-turvy} in a disordered manner
"they were piled up higgledy-piggledy"

{n: Addison's disease, Addison's syndrome, hypoadrenalism, hypoadrenocorticism} a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin

{n: Anderson, Philip Anderson, Philip Warren Anderson, Phil Anderson} United States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-)

{n: Cushing's disease, hyperadrenalism} a glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland; characterized by obesity

{n: Cushing's syndrome, hyperadrenocorticism} a glandular disorder caused by excessive cortisol

{n: ENT man, ear-nose-and-throat doctor, otolaryngologist, otorhinolaryngologist, rhinolaryngologist} a specialist in the disorders of the ear or nose or throat

{n: Gaucher's disease} a rare chronic disorder of lipid metabolism of genetic origin

{n: Gulf War syndrome, Persian Gulf illness} a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War; characterized by fatigue and headache and dizziness and nausea and rashes and joint pain and respiratory disorders

{n: Hashimoto's disease} autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland; most common in middle-aged women

{n: Hodgkin's disease} a malignant disorder in which there is progressive (but painless) enlargement of lymph tissue followed by enlargement of the spleen and liver

{n: Kallman's syndrome} hypogonadism with anosmia; a congenital sexual disorder that prevents the testicles from maturing at puberty

{n: Niemann-Pick disease} a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait

{n: Oedipus complex, Oedipal complex} a complex of males; desire to possess the mother sexually and to exclude the father; said to be a source of personality disorders if unresolved

{n: Reye's syndrome} acquired brain disorder following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children

{n: Spielmeyer-Vogt disease, juvenile amaurotic idiocy} a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death

{n: Takayasu's arteritis, pulseless disease} disorder characterized by the absence of a pulse in both arms and in the carotid arteries

{n: Tay-Sachs disease, Tay-Sachs, Sachs disease, infantile amaurotic idiocy} a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occuring most frequently in individuals of Jewish descent in eastern Europe; accumulation of lipids in nervous tissue results in death in early childhood

{n: Tourette's syndrome, Gilles de la Tourette syndrome} neurological disorder characterized by facial grimaces and tics and movements of the upper body and grunts and shouts and coprolalia

{n: Turner's syndrome} a chromosomal disorder in females who have only one X chromosome; marked by dwarfism and heart abnormalities and underdeveloped sex organs

{n: Williams syndrome} a rare congenital disorder associated with deletion of genetic material in chromosome 7; characterized by mental deficiency and some growth deficiency and elfin faces but an overly social personality and a remarkable gift for vocabulary

{n: aberration} a disorder in one's mental state

{n: abetalipoproteinemia} a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism; characterized by severe deficiency of beta-lipoproteins and abnormal red blood cells (acanthocytes) and abnormally low cholesterol levels

{n: abruptio placentae} a disorder of pregnancy in which the placenta prematurely separates from the wall of the uterus

{n: acataphasia} a disorder in which a lesion to the central nervous system leaves you unable to formulate a statement or to express yourself in an organized manner

{n: achondroplasia, achondroplasty, osteosclerosis congenita, chondrodystrophy} an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism

{n: acidemia} a blood disorder characterized by an increased concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood (which falls below 7 on the pH scale)

{n: acidophilus milk} milk fermented by bacteria; used to treat gastrointestinal disorders

{n: acute brain disorder, acute organic brain syndrome} any disorder (as sudden confusion or disorientation) in an otherwise normal person that is due to reversible (temporary) impairment of brain tissues (as by head injuries or drugs or infection)

{n: aeromedicine, aerospace medicine, aviation medicine} the study and treatment of disorders associated with flight (especially with space flight)

{n: affective disorder, major affective disorder, emotional disorder, emotional disturbance} any mental disorder not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain and in which a major disturbance of emotions is predominant

{n: agammaglobulinemia} a rare immunological disorder characterized by the virtual absence of gamma globulin in the blood and consequent susceptibility to infection

{n: agranulocytosis, agranulosis, granulocytopenia} an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes

{n: ailment, complaint, ill} an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining

{n: albuminuria, proteinuria} the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder

{n: alcoholic dementia, alcohol amnestic disorder, Korsakoff's psychosis, Korsakoff's syndrome, Korsakov's psychosis, Korsakov's syndrome, polyneuritic psychosis} dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism; involves loss of memory for recent events although long term memory is intact

{n: alkalemia} a blood disorder characterized by a lower concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood (which rises above 7.45 on the pH scale)

{n: amyloidosis} a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma

{n: anarchy, lawlessness} a state of lawlessness and disorder (usually resulting from a failure of government)

{n: angiology} the branch of medical science that studies the blood and lymph vessels and their disorders

{n: anorexia nervosa} (psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated

{n: anorexia} a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite

{n: antisocial personality disorder, sociopathic personality, psychopathic personality} a personality disorder characterized by amorality and lack of affect; capable of violent acts without guilt feelings (`psychopathic personality' was once widely used but was superseded by `sociopathic personality' to indicate the social aspects of the disorder, but now `antisocial personality disorder' is the preferred term)

{n: anxiety disorder} a cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom

{n: anxiety hysteria} a form of hysteria having features of both conversion disorder and anxiety neurosis

{n: anxiety, anxiousness} a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders

{n: aphonia, voicelessness} a disorder of the vocal organs that results in the loss of voice

{n: assortment, mixture, mixed bag, miscellany, miscellanea, variety, salmagundi, smorgasbord, potpourri, motley} a collection containing a variety of sorts of things
"a great assortment of cars was on display"
"he had a variety of disorders"
"a veritable smorgasbord of religions"

{n: asthma, asthma attack, bronchial asthma} respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin

{n: attention deficit disorder, ADD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, hyperkinetic syndrome, minimal brain dysfunction, minimal brain damage, MBD} a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders

{n: aura} a sensation (as of a cold breeze or bright light) that precedes the onset of certain disorders such as a migraine attack or epileptic seizure

{n: autism} (psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people

{n: autoimmune disease, autoimmune disorder} any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues

{n: autosomal dominant disease, autosomal dominant disorder} a disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome

{n: battle fatigue, combat fatigue, combat neurosis, shell shock} a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare

{n: biliousness} gastric distress caused by a disorder of the liver or gall bladder

{n: bipolar disorder, manic depression, manic depressive illness, manic-depressive psychosis} a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression

{n: birth defect, congenital anomaly, congenital defect, congenital disorder, congenital abnormality} a defect that is present at birth

{n: bladder disorder} a disorder of the urinary bladder

{n: blood disease, blood disorder} a disease or disorder of the blood

{n: botulinum toxin A, Botox} a neurotoxin (trade name Botox) that is used clinically in small quantities to treat strabismus and facial spasms and other neurological disorders characterized by abnormal muscle contractions; is also used by cosmetic surgeons to smooth frown lines temporarily

{n: brain disorder, encephalopathy, brain disease} any disorder or disease of the brain

{n: bulimarexia, binge-purge syndrome, binge-vomit syndrome, bulima nervosa} a disorder of eating in which the person alternates between strong craving for food and aversion to food; characterized by excessive eating followed by periods of fasting or self-induced vomiting

{n: bulimia, binge-eating syndrome} a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self-condemnation

{n: cardiologist, heart specialist, heart surgeon} a specialist in cardiology; a specialist in the structure and function and disorders of the heart

{n: cardiomyopathy, myocardiopathy} a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle (myocardium)

{n: carpal tunnel syndrome} a painful disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel; characterized by discomfort and weakness in the hands and fingers and by sensations of tingling, burning or numbness

{n: cataphasia} a speech disorder in which the same word is repeated several times in succession

{n: celiac disease} a disorder in children and adults; inability to tolerate wheat protein (gluten); symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation; often accompanied by lactose intolerance

{n: chaos, pandemonium, bedlam, topsy-turvydom, topsy-turvyness} a state of extreme confusion and disorder

{n: chaos} the formless and disordered state of matter before the creation of the cosmos

{n: cheilosis, perleche} a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin

{n: chorea} any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs

{n: chromosomal aberration, chromosomal anomaly, chrosomal abnormality, chromosonal disorder} any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes; often results in physical or mental abnormalities

{n: chronic gastritis} persistent gastritis can be a symptom of a gastric ulcer or pernicious anemia or stomach cancer or other disorders

{n: chronic renal failure, chronic kidney failure} renal failure that can result from a variety of systemic disorders

{n: clotting time} the time it takes for a sample of blood to clot; used to diagnose some clotting disorders

{n: complication} any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease
"bed sores are a common complication in cases of paralysis"

{n: confusion} disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
"the army retreated in confusion"

{n: congenital afibrinogenemia} a rare congenital disorder of blood coagulation in which no fibrinogen is found in the blood plasma

{n: conversion disorder, conversion reaction, conversion hysteria} a mental disorder characterized by the conversion of mental conflict into somatic forms (into paralysis or anesthesia having no apparent cause)

{n: coprolalia} an uncontrollable use of obscene language; often accompanied by mental disorders

{n: cyclothymia, cyclothymic disorder, cyclic disorder} a mild bipolar disorder that persists over a long time

{n: degenerative disorder} condition leading to progressive loss of function

{n: delusional disorder} any mental disorder in which delusions play a significant role

{n: demoralization, demoralisation} a state of disorder and confusion
"his inconsistency resulted in the demoralization of his staff"

{n: depersonalization, depersonalisation, depersonalization disorder, depersonalisation disorder, depersonalization neurosis, depersonalisation neurosis} emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness

{n: depressive disorder, clinical depression, depression} a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention

{n: dermatosis} disorder involving lesions or eruptions of the skin (in which there is usually no inflammation)

{n: diabetes} any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst

{n: differential diagnosis} a systematic method of diagnosing a disorder (e.g., headache) that lacks unique symptoms or signs

{n: digitalization, digitalisation} the administration of digitalis for the treatment of certain heart disorders

{n: disorder, upset} condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning
"the doctor prescribed some medicine for the disorder"
"everyone gets stomach upsets from time to time"

{n: disorderliness, disorder} a condition in which things are not in their expected places
"the files are in complete disorder"
<-> order, orderliness

{n: disorder} a disturbance of the peace or of public order
<-> order

{n: disorganization, disorganisation} the disturbance of a systematic arrangement causing disorder and confusion
"the disorganization of the enemy troops by a flank attack"

{n: disruption, perturbation} the act of causing disorder

{n: dissociative disorder} dissociation so severe that the usually integrated functions of consciousness and perception of self break down

{n: disturber} a troubler who disquiets or interferes with peace and quiet; someone who causes disorder and commotion

{n: dysaphia} a disorder in the sense of touch

{n: dysosmia, parosamia, olfactory impairment} a disorder in the sense of smell

{n: dysphonia} speech disorder attributable to a disorder of phonation

{n: dystrophy} any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition

{n: eating disorder} a disorder of the normal eating routine

{n: echovirus} any of a group of viruses associated with various diseases including viral meningitis and mild respiratory disorders and diarrhea in newborn infants

{n: electromyography} diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders with the use of an electromyograph

{n: epilepsy} a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions

{n: erythroderma} any skin disorder involving abnormal redness

{n: familial hypercholesterolemia} congenital disorder characterized by high levels of cholesterol and early development of atherosclerosis

{n: feminization, feminisation} the process of becoming feminized; the development of female characteristics (loss of facial hair or breast enlargement) in a male because of hormonal disorders or castration

{n: fenoprofen, fenoprofen calcium, Nalfon} a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Nalfon) used in the treatment of arthritis and other painful inflammatory disorders

{n: flaccid bladder} a urinary bladder disorder resulting from interruption of the reflex arc normally associated with voiding urine; absence of bladder sensation and over-filling of the bladder and inability to urinate voluntarily

{n: fluphenazine} tranquilizer used to treat psychotic disorders

{n: folie a deux} the simultaneous occurrence of symptoms of a mental disorder (as delusions) in two persons who are closely related (as siblings or man and wife)

{n: food poisoning, gastrointestinal disorder} illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food

{n: fugue, psychogenic fugue} dissociative disorder in which a person forgets who they are and leaves home to creates a new life; during the fugue there is no memory of the former life; after recovering there is no memory for events during the dissociative state

{n: functional disorder} disorder showing symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
<-> organic disorder

{n: generalized anxiety disorder, GAD, anxiety reaction} an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic free-floating anxiety and such symptoms as tension or sweating or trembling of lightheadedness or irritability etc that has lasted for more than six months

{n: genetic counseling} guidance for prospective parents on the likelihood of genetic disorders in their future children

{n: genetic disease, genetic disorder, genetic abnormality, genetic defect, congenital disease, inherited disease, inherited disorder, hereditary disease, hereditary condition} a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically

{n: glandular disease, gland disease, glandular disorder, adenosis} a disorder of the glands of the body

{n: glove anesthesia} a mental disorder involving loss of sensitivity in the hand and wrist
"since no combination of nerves serve this area a glove anesthesia is clearly psychogenic in origin"

{n: glutethimide, Doriden} sedative (trade name Doriden) used to treat some sleep disorders

{n: hallucination} illusory perception; a common symptom of severe mental disorder

{n: haloperidol, Haldol} tranquilizer (trade name Haldol) used to treat some psychotic disorders and Tourette's syndrome

{n: hearing impairment, hearing disorder} impairment of the sense of hearing

{n: heartburn, pyrosis} a painful burning sensation in the chest caused by gastroesophageal reflux (backflow from the stomach irritating the esophagus); symptomatic of an ulcer or a diaphragmatic hernia or other disorder

{n: hemophilia B, haemophilia B, Christmas disease} a clotting disorder similar to hemophilia A but caused by a congenital deficiency of factor IX

{n: hepatolenticular degeneration, Wilson's disease} a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism; copper accumulates in the liver and then in the red blood cells and brain

{n: hereditary cerebellar ataxia} nervous disorder of late childhood and early adulthood; characterized by ataxic gait and hesitating or explosive speech and nystagmus

{n: high blood pressure, hypertension} a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
<-> hypotension

{n: hot flash, flush} sudden brief sensation of heat (associated with menopause and some mental disorders)

{n: hydremia} blood disorder in which there is excess fluid volume compared with the cell volume of the blood

{n: hydrocele} disorder in which serous fluid accumulates in a body sac (especially in the scrotum)

{n: hyperbaric chamber} a large chamber in which the oxygen pressure is above normal for the atmosphere; used in treating breathing disorders or carbon monoxide poisoning

{n: hyperbetalipoproteinemia} a genetic disorder characterized by high levels of beta-lipoproteins and cholesterol; can lead to atherosclerosis at an early age

{n: hyperbilirubinemia of the newborn, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia} a common disorder that is usually due to immaturity of the liver; usually subsides spontaneously

{n: hyperlipoproteinemia} any of various disorders of lipoprotein and cholesterol metabolism that result in high levels of lipoprotein and cholesterol in the circulating blood

{n: hyperpnea} energetic (deep and rapid) respiration that occurs normally after exercise or abnormally with fever or various disorders
<-> hypopnea

{n: hypersplenism} enlarged spleen and a decrease in one or more types of blood cells; associated with many disorders

{n: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy} a disorder in which the heart muscle is so strong that it does not relax enough to fill with the heart with blood and so has reduced pumping ability

{n: hypervolemia, hypervolaemia} a blood disorder consisting of an increase in the volume of circulating blood
<-> hypovolemia

{n: hypobetalipoproteinemia} a hereditary disorder characterized by low levels of beta-lipoproteins and lipids and cholesterol

{n: hypolipoproteinemia} any of various disorders of lipoprotein and cholesterol metabolism that result in low levels of lipoprotein and cholesterol in the circulating blood

{n: hypoproteinemia} abnormally low level of protein in the blood; can indicate inadequate diet or intestinal or renal disorders

{n: hypothyroidism} an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
<-> hyperthyroidism

{n: hypovolemia, hypovolaemia} a blood disorder consisting of a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
<-> hypervolemia

{n: hysteria, hysterical neurosis} neurotic disorder characterized by violent emotional outbreaks and disturbances of sensory and motor functions

{n: idiopathic disease, idiopathic disorder, idiopathy} any disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause

{n: immunodeficiency} immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
<-> immunocompetence

{n: immunological disorder} a disorder of the immune system

{n: impaction, impacted tooth} a disorder in which a tooth is so crowded in its socket that it cannot erupt normally

{n: impaction} a disorder in which feces are impacted in the lower colon

{n: indigestion, dyspepsia, stomach upset, upset stomach} a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea

{n: insanity} relatively permanent disorder of the mind
<-> sanity

{n: jungle rot} skin disorder induced by a tropical climate

{n: keratoderma, keratodermia} any skin disorder consisting of a growth that appears horny

{n: ketone body, acetone body} a ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the body; any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, acetone, and/or beta-hydroxybutyric acid) found in excess in blood and urine of persons with metabolic disorders

{n: kidney disease, renal disorder, nephropathy, nephrosis} a disease affecting the kidneys

{n: kidney vetch, Anthyllis vulneraria} perennial Eurasian herb having heads of red or yellow flowers and common in meadows and pastures; formerly used medicinally for kidney disorders

{n: lactose intolerance, lactase deficiency, milk intolerance} congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products; absence or deficiency of lactase results in an inability to hydrolyze lactose

{n: learning disorder, learning disability} a disorder found in children of normal intelligence who have difficulties in learning specific skills

{n: lipidosis} a disorder of lipid metabolism; abnormal levels of certain fats accumulate in the body

{n: lithium carbonate, Lithane, Lithonate, Eskalith} a white powder (LiCO3) used in manufacturing glass and ceramics and as a drug; the drug (trade names Lithane or Lithonate or Eskalith) is used to treat some forms of depression and manic episodes of manic-depressive disorder

{n: livedo} skin disorder characterized by patchy bluish discolorations on the skin

{n: low-sodium diet, low-salt diet, salt-free diet} a diet that limits the intake of salt (sodium chloride); often used in treating hypertension or edema or certain other disorders

{n: lysine intolerance} a disorder in which a lack of certain enzymes makes it impossible to digest the amino acid lysine

{n: macroglossia} a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome

{n: mania, manic disorder} a mood disorder; an affective disorder in which the victim tends to respond excessively and sometimes violently

{n: maple syrup urine disease, branched chain ketoaciduria} an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood

{n: marasmus} extreme malnutrition and emaciation (especially in children); can result from inadequate intake of food or from malabsorption or metabolic disorders

{n: medroxyprogesterone, Provera} a progestin compound (trade name Provera) used to treat menstrual disorders

{n: megavitamin therapy} therapy based on a theory that taking very large doses of vitamins will prevent or cure physical or psychological disorders

{n: mental disorder, mental disturbance, disturbance, psychological disorder, folie} (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness

{n: metabolic disorder} a disorder or defect of metabolism

{n: methylphenidate, Ritalin} central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children

{n: microcytosis} a blood disorder characterized by the presence of microcytes (abnormally small red blood cells) in the blood; often associated with anemia

{n: mongolism, mongolianism, Down's syndrome, Down syndrome, trisomy 21} a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation

{n: monogenic disorder, monogenic disease} an inherited disease controlled by a single pair of genes

{n: mucopolysaccharidosis} any of a group of genetic disorders involving a defect in the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides resulting in greater than normal levels of mucopolysaccharides in tissues

{n: multiple sclerosis, MS, disseminated sclerosis, disseminated multiple sclerosis} a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers

{n: narcolepsy} a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep
"he believes that narcolepsy is attributable to an inability to suppress REM sleep during waking"

{n: nephrite} an amphibole mineral consisting of calcium magnesium silicate in monoclinic crystalline form; a source of jade that is less valuable than from jadeite; once believed to cure kidney disorders

{n: nephrology} the branch of medicine concerned with the kidney - its development and anatomy and physiology and disorders

{n: nervous breakdown} a severe or incapacitating emotional disorder

{n: nervous disorder, neurological disorder, neurological disease} a disorder of the nervous system

{n: nervous exhaustion, nervous prostration} an emotional disorder that leaves you exhausted and unable to work

{n: neurogenic bladder} a urinary bladder disorder caused by a lesion in the nervous system

{n: neurologist, brain doctor} a medical specialist in the nervous system and the disorders affecting it

{n: neurology, clinical neurology} (neurology) the branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its disorders

{n: neuropsychiatry} the branch of medicine dealing with mental disorders attributable to diseases of the nervous system

{n: nyctalopia, night blindness, moon blindness} inability to see clearly in dim light; due to a deficiency of vitamin A or to a retinal disorder

{n: nystagmus} involuntary movements of the eyeballs; its presence or absence is used to diagnose a variety of neurological and visual disorders

{n: obsessive-compulsive disorder} an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent and persistent thoughts and feelings and repetitive, ritualized behaviors

{n: odynophagia} severe pain on swallowing due to a disorder of the esophagus

{n: onychosis} any disease or disorder of the nails

{n: orderliness, order} a condition of regular or proper arrangement
"he put his desk in order"
"the machine is now in working order"
<-> disorder, disorderliness

{n: order} established customary state (especially of society)
"order ruled in the streets"
"law and order"
<-> disorder

{n: organic disorder} disorder caused by a detectable physiological or structural change in an organ
<-> functional disorder

{n: orthopedics, orthopaedics} the branch of medical science concerned with disorders or deformities of the spine and joints

{n: osteogenesis imperfecta} autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue characterized by brittle bones that fracture easily

{n: osteopetrosis, Albers-Schonberg disease, marble bones disease} an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density; in severe forms the bone marrow cavity may be obliterated

{n: otosclerosis} hereditary disorder in which ossification of the labyrinth of the inner ear causes tinnitus and eventual deafness

{n: pain, hurting} a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
"the patient developed severe pain and distension"

{n: panic disorder} an anxiety disorder characterized by unpredictable panic attacks; the attacks are usually severe but brief

{n: paralysis agitans, Parkinsonism, Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's syndrome, Parkinson's, shaking palsy} a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination

{n: paramnesia} (psychiatry) a disorder of memory in which dreams or fantasies are confused with reality

{n: paranoia} a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of persecution or grandeur

{n: pellagra, Alpine scurvy, mal de la rosa, mal rosso, maidism, mayidism, Saint Ignatius' itch} a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders; may be caused by malnutrition or alcoholism or other nutritional impairments

{n: perinatology} the branch of obstetrics concerned with the anatomy and physiology and diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the mother and the fetus or newborn baby during late pregnancy and childbirth and the puerperium

{n: personality disorder} inflexible and maladaptive patterns of behavior

{n: phenylketonuria, PKU} a genetic disorder of metabolism; lack of the enzyme needed to turn phenylalanine into tyrosine results in an accumulation of phenylalanine in the body fluids which causes various degrees of mental deficiency

{n: phobia, phobic disorder, phobic neurosis} an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
"phobic disorder is a general term for all phobias"

{n: physical therapist, physiotherapist} therapist who treats injury or dysfunction with exercises and other physical treatments of the disorder

{n: pityriasis} any of several skin disorders characterized by shedding dry flakes of skin

{n: poltergeist} a ghost that announces its presence with rapping and the creation of disorder

{n: polycythemia} a disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood

{n: polygenic disorder, polygenic disease} an inherited disease controlled by several genes at once

{n: polyuria} renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine; often associated with diabetes

{n: posttraumatic stress disorder, PTSD} an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images

{n: proctology} the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the colon or rectum or anus

{n: psychiatry, psychopathology, psychological medicine} the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders

{n: psychoanalysis, analysis, depth psychology} a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
"his physician recommended psychoanalysis"

{n: psychogenesis} the development in the life of an individual of some disorder that is caused by psychological rather than physiological factors

{n: psychosis} any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted

{n: psychosomatic disorder} a mental disorder that causes somatic symptoms

{n: psychotherapist, clinical psychologist} a therapist who deals with mental and emotional disorders

{n: rampage, violent disorder} violently angry and destructive behavior

{n: ransacking, rummage} a thorough search for something (often causing disorder or confusion)
"he gave the attic a good rummage but couldn't find his skis"

{n: rattle, rattling, rale} a rapid series of short loud sounds (as might be heard with a stethoscope in some types of respiratory disorders)
"the death rattle"

{n: respiratory disease, respiratory illness, respiratory disorder} a disease affecting the respiratory system

{n: rheumatism} any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues

{n: rioting, riot} a state of disorder involving group violence

{n: schizophrenia, schizophrenic disorder, schizophrenic psychosis, dementia praecox} any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact

{n: secondary dysmenorrhea} painful menstruation that is caused by some specific disorder (as endometriosis)

{n: seizure-alert dog} a dog that can alert or assist people with seizure disorders

{n: sex-linked disorder} any disease or abnormality that is determined by the sex hormones
"hemophilia is determined by a gene defect on an X chromosome"

{n: shambles} a condition of great disorder

{n: sign} (medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease
"there were no signs of asphyxiation"

{n: skin disease, disease of the skin, skin disorder, skin problem, skin condition} a disease affecting the skin

{n: sleep disorder} a disturbance of the normal sleep pattern

{n: sleep terror disorder, pavor nocturnus} a disorder of sleep characterized by a dream of terrifying dimensions far worse than a typical nightmare; they occur during NREM sleep

{n: sociopath, psychopath} someone with a sociopathic personality; a person with an antisocial personality disorder (`psychopath' was once widely used but has now been superseded by `sociopath')

{n: soft diet, pap, spoon food} a diet that does not require chewing; advised for those with intestinal disorders

{n: spastic bladder} a urinary bladder disorder resulting from spinal cord lesion or multiple sclerosis or trauma; absence of bladder sensation and incontinence and interrupted voiding of urine

{n: speech disorder, speech defect, defect of speech} a disorder of oral speech

{n: speech therapist} a therapist who treats speech defects and disorders

{n: speech therapy} any therapy intended to correct a disorder of speech

{n: spinocerebellar disorder} any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia

{n: split personality, multiple personality} a relatively rare dissociative disorder in which the usual integrity of the personality breaks down and two or more independent personalities emerge

{n: sprue, tropical sprue} a chronic disorder that occurs in tropical and non-tropical forms and in both children and adults; nutrients are not absorbed; symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation

{n: stammer, stutter} a speech disorder involving hesitations and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds

{n: steatorrhea} the presence of greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces which are frothy and foul smelling and floating; a symptom of disorders of fat metabolism and malabsorption syndrome

{n: tarantism} a nervous disorder characterized by an uncontrollable impulse to dance; popularly attributed to bite of the southern European tarantula or wolf spider

{n: thermotherapy} the use of heat to treat a disease or disorder; heating pads or hot compresses or hot-water bottles are used to promote circulation in peripheral vascular disease or to relax tense muscles

{n: thioridazine, Mellaril} a tranquilizer (trade name Mellaril) used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders

{n: transient global amnesia} memory disorder seen in middle aged and elderly persons; characterized by an episode of amnesia and bewilderment that lasts for several hours; person is otherwise alert and intellectually active

{n: translocation} (genetics) an exchange of chromosome parts
"translocations can result in serious congenital disorders"

{n: turbulence, upheaval, Sturm und Drang} a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally)
"the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence"

{n: unipolar depression} a major depressive episode that occurs without the manic phase that occurs in the classic form of bipolar disorder

{n: urology, urogenital medicine} the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the urinary tract or urogenital system

{n: visual impairment, visual defect, vision defect, visual disorder} impairment of the sense of sight

{n: von Willebrand's disease, angiohemophilia, vascular hemophilia} a form of hemophilia discovered by Erik von Willebrand; a genetic disorder that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait; characterized by a deficiency of the coagulation factor and by mucosal bleeding

{n: wild yam, Dioscorea paniculata} having a rhizome formerly dried and used to treat rheumatism or liver disorders

{n: xanthomatosis, xanthoma multiplex, cholesterosis cutis, lipid granulomatosis, lipoid granulomatosis} widespread xanthomas (especially on elbows and knees); often associated with a disorder of lipid metabolism

{v: demoralize} confuse or put into disorder
"the boss's behavior demoralized everyone in the office"

{v: disorder, disarray} bring disorder to
<-> order

{v: disrupt} throw into disorder
"This event disrupted the orderly process"

{v: mess, mess up} make a mess of or create disorder in
"He messed up his room"

{v: order} bring order to or into
"Order these files"
<-> disorder

{v: perturb, derange, throw out of kilter} throw into great confusion or disorder
"Fundamental Islamicists threaten to perturb the social order in Algeria and Egypt"

{v: perturb, unhinge, disquiet, trouble, cark, distract, disorder} disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
"She was rather perturbed by the news that her father was seriously ill"

New hope for sufferers of reflex sympathetic dystrophy( RSD), a confounding neurological disorder that affects 6 million Americans.
神经医学上的一些新发现为反射联感营养失调( RSD )患者带来了新的希望。

Then, in the 1990s, researchers isolated the genetic mutations that cause frontotemporal dementia, a neurological disorder similar to Alzheimer's disease, but that also interferes with muscle coordination.
在 90年代,研究者将引发额颞痴呆症(一阿耳茨海默氏病为相似的神经紊乱症)以及影响肌肉协调性的基因变体分出来。

Since 1906, when German physician Alois Alzheimer described the degenerative brain disorder bearing his name, doctors have argued about what exactly causes the disease.
自德国医生阿洛斯·阿耳茨海默 1906年描述那后来以他的名字命名的早老性痴呆症以来,医生们一直未能就该病的起因达成一致意见。

Head Count When a child experiences a severe blow to the head in a car or bike accident, for example there may be an unexpected consequence: the onset of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder( ADHD).

There's no slashing - except of everything unnecessary to the creation of psychological disorder.

For Alzheimer's has something in common with other brain disorders such as Parkinson's and Huntington's.

Bad breath isn't an illness. It's only a symptom of something else, frequently an illness such as diabetes, or a kidney disorder. It may also be an infection of the sinuses or bronchial tubes or gums.

Drowsiness, dizziness, nausea and unsteadiness can usually be alleviated by adjusting the dosages of the drug, while more severe side effects, such as liver toxicity, blood disorders and disturbed vision, are relatively rare.

Folks with sleep-apnea - a common disorder in which sufferers momentarily awaken throughout the night because breathing stops - did worse on 3 out of 7 tests of reaction time than those whose blood-alcohol level would make them too drunk to drive in some American states.

Animal tests suggest that the drugs might also make a difference in less serious memory disorders.

The MMR( measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine has also been suspected of causing autism, yet there is no definitive scientific evidence to connect any vaccines to the still mysterious behavioral disorder.

A recent study in the journal Lancet found that in Britain the rates of the disorder are similar among vaccinated an unvaccinated children.
最近《 Lancet 》杂志刊登的研究报告发现,在英国注射与未注射此疫苗的儿童患此病的比例大致相同。

Although the evidence is largely anecdotal, some parents charge that inoculations have brought on such disorders as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic fatigue syndrome, diabetes and even autism.

This realization has transformed cancer, in little more than a decade, from a mysterious disease into a disorder whose molecular machinery is largely understood.

Mr. Bakiyev appointed a prominent opposition leader, who was released from prison on Thursday, as the new security chief. With the police refusing to patrol the streets of Bishkek, the opposition protests against the Akayev government have disintegrated into rampant disorder and looting.

Drugs used for respiratory tract disorders

Eating disorders education instructional materials

Understanding attention deficit hyperactivity disorder instructional materials

Neurological disorders prevention or control services

Eating disorders services

Late congenital neurosyphilis [juvenile neurosyphilis]
Dementia paralytica juvenilis
.general paresis
.tabes dorsalis
.taboparetic neurosyphilis
Late congenital syphilitic:
.encephalitis+ (G05.0*)
.meningitis+ (G01*)
.polyneuropathy+ (G63.0*)
Use additional code, if desired, to identify any associated mental disorder.
Excludes: Hutchinson's triad (A50.5)
青年型 :
. 一般性轻痈
. 脊髓痨
. 脊髓轻痈神经梅毒
晚期先天性梅毒的 :
. 脑炎 + ( G05.0* )
. 脑膜炎 + ( G01* )
. 多发性神经病变 + ( G63.0* )
不包含 : 赫金森氏叁徵 ( A50.5 )

Chapter III 第叁章
Diseases of the blood and blood forming organs and certain disorders involving the
immune mechanism (D50-D89)
血液和造血器官及涉及免疫机转的疾患 (D50-D89)
Excludes: autoimmune disease (systemic) NOS (M35.9)
certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00-P96)
complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O99)
congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99)
endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E90)
human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease (B20-B24)
injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00-T98)
neoplasms (C00-D48)
symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified

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