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disease

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disease [ di'zi:z] n.病,疾病;病害

disease [di'zi:z] n. 病,疾病

大病统筹 comprehensive arrangement for serious disease

疯牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform enceohalopathy (BSE)

口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease

艾滋病,后天免疫缺乏症候群 HIV disease

美国疾病控制预防中心 CDC ( US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

晚期 end-stage disease

性传染病 sexually transmitted disease (STD)

血液传染病 blood-borne diseases

blood-borne diseases 血液传染病

CDC ( US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) 美国疾病控制预防中心

end-stage disease 晚期

HIV disease 艾滋病,后天免疫缺乏症候群

sexually transmitted disease (STD) 性传染病

According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.
依照最近的一项调查,每年有4,000,000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。

Most important of all, apart from their hometown and parents, students couldn't catch sight of any familiar face and have to suffer from homelessness, which can cause certain serious mental disease.
更重要的是,离开了家乡和父母,看不到任何熟悉的面孔,他们不得不忍受思家之苦,这可能会导致严重的精神疾病。

内科学(含心血管病学、血液病学、呼吸系病学、消化系病学、内分泌与代谢病学、肾脏病学、风湿病学、传染病学) Internal medicine (including Cardiology, Hematology, Respiratory, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Nephrology, Rheuma-tology, Infectious Diseases)

Extreme remedies are very appropriate for extreme diseases.
烈性药物对于重病是非常适宜的。

crippled by disease
因患疾病而跛足的

HIV damages the human defense method which makes humans immune to diseases.
艾滋病毒破坏人体中抵御疾病侵袭的防御机制。

The medicine will make you immune to the disease.
这种药可以使你免于感染这种疾病。

The doctor diagnosed my disease as a unique bone disease.
医生把我的病诊断为罕见的骨骼疾病。

After diagnosing the patient's disease, these doctors discussed how to treat it.
医生们经过对这个病人的病情诊断之后, 就讨论如何治疗的问题。

The doctor spent his life combating disease.
这位医生一生都在与疾病作斗争。

The disease is spreading and all the children are at risk.
这种疾病正在蔓延,所有孩子都处于危险之中。

He emphasized that everyone was at risk for the disease.
他强调说每个人都有感染这种疾病的危险。

10 percent of the children in the city were suffering from this disease.
这座城市有10%的儿童得了这种疾病。

The disease infected her eyes, and she became blind.
这种病使她眼睛受感染,并致使她双目失明。

Aid workers say it's worse than ever as disease and severe hunger combine to kill thousands of people.
救援人员说,随着疾病和饥饿夺走了成千上万人的生命,情况变得恶化了。

Scientists searched for the cause of the disease.
科学家们千方百计寻找这种疾病的病因。

The treatment of mental diseases has made great advances.
对于精神病的治疗已经取得了巨大进展。

Some diseases are easy to diagnose as their apparent effects are typical and can be recognized immediately.
有些疾病诊断很容易,因为其症状明显、典型,可以立刻识别。

The disease is spreading, and all children under 5 are at risk.
这疾病正在蔓延,五岁以下的儿童都有被传染的危险。

The trials show that the medicine is quite effective in treating the disease.
实验表明这一药物治疗这种疾病很有效。

Most adults are immune to this disease.
大部分成年人对这疾病有免疫力。

Flies transport different kinds of diseases.
苍蝇传播各种不同的疾病。

Mostly males suffer from that disease; women seldom get it.
大多男性有此病,而女性很少有此病。

The experts are searching for therapy to cure this strange disease.
专家们正在寻找医治这一奇特病症的疗法。

Scientists have made a breakthrough in their treatment of that disease.
科学家们在治疗这种疾病方面取得了突破。

Is there a link between smoking and lung diseases?
吸烟与肺病之间有没有什么联系?

In an epidemic the incidence of a disease is widespread.
发生传染病时,影响范围很广。

Most of the diseased trees were chopped down last year.
大多数的病树在去年给砍倒了。

In this disease spots appear on the legs.
得了这种病, 腿上会出现斑点。

There is a lot of evidence that stress is partly responsible for disease.
有很多证据表明,压力是致病的部分原因。

The disease is spreading, and all children under five are at risk.
疾病在蔓延,5岁以下的孩子都有被传染的危险。

The greatest occurrence of heart disease is in those over 65.
65岁以上的人最容易患心脏病。

No one has come up with an idea as to how to improve plants to make them more resistant to disease.
还没有人想出一个如何改进植物使它们更能抗病的方法。

Cancer is a deadly disease. 癌症是一种致命的疾病。

We are all taking medicine against the disease.我们都服药治疗疾病。

Men are naturally most impressed by diseases which have obvious signs, yet some of their worst enemies slowly approach them unnoticed.
人类自然地对于那些有明显特征的疾病有深刻的印象,然而他们最可怕的敌人往往在未被人注意时慢慢接近他们。

It is reported that this disease attacks the central nervous system.
据报道说这种疾病破坏中枢神经系统。

Many diseases are caused by bacteria.
许多疾病是由细菌引起的。

The poor man has a serious disease of the liver.
这个可怜的人患有严重的肝病。

Flu is an infectious disease characterized by fever, aches and pains and exhaustion.
流感是一种传染病,其特征是发热、全身疼痛和疲乏无力。

What can we do to prevent the disease spreading?
我们能做什么来防止这种疾病蔓延呢?

The rapid spread of the disease is alarming the medical authorities.
这种疾病的迅速蔓延使医疗当局感到忧虑不安。

A disease known is half cured.
病情确诊断,治病好一半。

Disease, enemy, and debt --these three must be cut off as soon as they begin to grow.
病,仇与债这三者,一露苗头就砍掉。

Diseases of the soul are more dangerous than those of the body.
心灵上的疾病比肉体上的疾病更危险。

Diseases are the price of ill pleasures.
疾病是不正当娱乐的代价。

Diseases come on horseback, but go away on foot.
病来如山倒,病去如抽丝。

Many dishes, many diseases.
多吃多病。

The doctor is often more to be feared than the disease.
医生往往比疾病更令人生畏。

The remedy is worse than the disease.
医疗不得法,使病更糟糕。

To know the disease is half the cure.
找出病根等于治愈了一半。

Diseases of the soul are more dangerous than those of the body.
M. T Cicero.Ancient Roman orator and statesman
心灵上的疾病比身体上的疾病更危险。
古罗马演说家、政治家西塞罗.M.T.

- feel a lump in one's throat 心里感到很难受
I felt a lump in my throat on hearing her story of fighting with the deadly disease.

- be at the mercy of 受……支配
When you get this kind of disease, your life is at the mercy of God.

病害 disease

病态的 diseased; morbid; clammy

疾病 malady; disease; ill; illness; infirmity; sickness; ailment

不健全的 undound; morbid; unsound; diseased

暗疾 [àn jí] /unmentionable disease/a disease one is shamed of/

包治百病 [bāo zhì bǎi bìng] /guarantee to cure all diseases/

标本 [biāo běn] /specimen/sample/the root cause and symptoms of a disease/

病 [bìng] /ailment/sickness/illness/disease/fall ill/sick/defect/

病程 [bìng chéng] /course of disease/

病虫害 [bìng chóng hài] /plant diseases and insect pests/

病害 [bìng hài] /plant disease/

病入膏肓 [bìng rù gāo huāng] /the disease has attacked the vitals - beyond cure/

病象 [bìng xiàng] /symptom (of a disease)/

病因 [bìng yīn] /cause of disease/pathogen/

病原 [bìng yuán] /cause of disease/pathogeny/

病征 [bìng zhēng] /symptom (of a disease)/

病症 [bìng zhèng] /disease/illness/

病株 [bìng zhū] /diseased or infected plant/

病状 [bìng zhuàng] /symptom (of a disease)/

不治之症 [bù zhì zhī zhèng] /incurable disease/

瘥 [chài] /recover from disease/

传染病 [chuán rǎn bìng] /infectious disease/contagious disease/pestilence/

瘥 [cuó] /disease/

瘅 [dān] /(disease)/

得病 [dé bìng] /to fall ill/to contract a disease/

发病 [fā bìng] /onset/outbreak (of a disease)/

发病率 [fā bìng lǜ] /incidence of a disease/disease rate/

防疫 [fáng yì] /(n) disease prevention; epidemic prevention/

痼 [gù] /obstinate disease/

锢 [gù] /obstinate disease/restrain/to stop/

患 [huàn] /misfortune/suffer (from illness)/trouble/danger/worry/to contract (a disease)/

疾 [jí] /sickness/disease/hate/envy/

疾病 [jí bìng] /disease/sickness/ailment/

疾病预防中心 [jí bìng yù fáng zhōng xīn] /(U.S.) Center for Disease Control/

疚 [jiù] /chronic disease/

癞 [lài] /scabies/skin disease/

老年痴呆 [lǎo nián chī dāi] /senile dementia/Alzheimer’s disease/

老年痴呆症 [lǎo nián chī dāi zhèng] /senile dementia/Alzheimer’s disease/

淋 [lìn] /diseases of the bladder/to drain/to drip/

流行 [liú xíng] /to spread/to rage (of contagious disease)/popular/fashionable/prevalent/(math.) manifold/

流行病 [liú xíng bìng] /epidemic disease/

免疫 [miǎn yì] /immunity (to disease)/

侵入性 [qīn rù xìng] /invasive (e.g., disease or procedure)/

却病 [què bìng] /to prevent or treat a disease/

染 [rǎn] /to catch (a disease)/dye/

暑瘟 [shǔ wēn] /tropical disease/summertime disease/

心脏病 [xīn zàng bìng] /heart disease/

心脏疾患 [xīn zàng jí huàn] /heart disease/

性病 [xìng bìng] /venereal disease/sexually transmitted disease/VD/

症 [zhèng] /disease/illness/

猪链球菌病 [zhū liàn qiú jūn bìng] /streptococcus suis (swine-borne disease)/

Physicians — frustrated by their inability to cure the disease and fearing loss of hope in the patient — too often offer aggressive treatment far beyond what is scientifically justified.
医生由于不能治愈疾病,同时又担心病人失去希望,常常采用极端大胆的治疗方法,这些方法远远超出了科学能够认同的界限。

But big dams tend not to work as intended.
但大坝不会像预期的那样产生效果。
The Aswan Dam, for example, stopped the Nile flooding but deprived Egypt of the fertile silt that floods left — all in return for a giant reservoir of disease which is now so full of silt that it barely generates electricity.
以阿斯旺大坝为例,它阻止了尼罗河洪水泛滥,但也使埃及失去了洪水冲击过后留下的肥沃土壤,换回来的是这么一个疾病滋生的水库。现在这个水库积满了淤泥,几乎不能发电了。

{adj: acritical} without a crisis (as of some diseases)

{adj: afflicted, stricken} grievously affected especially by disease

{adj: antimicrobial, antimicrobic} capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms

{adj: antiseptic} thoroughly clean and free of or destructive to disease-causing organisms
"doctors in antiseptic green coats"
"the antiseptic effect of alcohol"
"it is said that marjoram has antiseptic qualities"
<-> septic

{adj: arterial} of or involving or contained in the arteries
"arterial disease"
"the arterial system"
"arterial blood"

{adj: articular, articulary} relating to or affecting the joints of the body
"the articular surfaces of bones"
"articular disease"

{adj: asymptomatic, symptomless} having no symptoms of illness or disease

{adj: atrioventricular, auriculoventricular} relating to or affecting the atria and ventricles of the heart
"atrioventricular disease"

{adj: atrophied, wasted, diminished} (of an organ or body part) diminished in size or strength as a result of disease or injury or lack of use
"partial paralysis resulted in an atrophied left arm"
<-> hypertrophied

{adj: avirulent} not virulent; unable to produce disease
<-> virulent

{adj: awful, dire, direful, dread, dreaded, dreadful, fearful, fearsome, frightening, horrendous, horrific, terrible} causing fear or dread or terror
"the awful war"
"an awful risk"
"dire news"
"a career or vengeance so direful that London was shocked"
"the dread presence of the headmaster"
"polio is no longer the dreaded disease it once was"
"a dreadful storm"
"a fearful howling"
"horrendous explosions shook the city"
"a terrible curse"

{adj: bad, unfit, unsound} physically unsound or diseased
"has a bad back"
"a bad heart"
"bad teeth"
"an unsound limb"
"unsound teeth"

{adj: bony, cadaverous, emaciated, gaunt, haggard, pinched, skeletal, wasted} very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
"emaciated bony hands"
"a nightmare population of gaunt men and skeletal boys"
"eyes were haggard and cavernous"
"small pinched faces"
"kept life in his wasted frame only by grim concentration"

{adj: catarrhal} of or relating to a catarrh
"catarrhal fever is any of several respiratory or oral diseases of livestock such as bluetongue in horses and sheep"

{adj: catching, communicable, contagious, contractable, transmissible, transmittable} (of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection

{adj: celiac} belonging to or prescribed for celiac disease
"a celiac diet"

{adj: citrous} of or relating to plants of the genus Citrus
"a citrous disease"

{adj: congestive} relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid
"congestive heart disease"

{adj: curable} curing or healing is possible
"curable diseases"
<-> incurable

{adj: dangerous, grave, grievous, serious, severe, life-threatening} causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm
"a dangerous operation"
"a grave situation"
"a grave illness"
"grievous bodily harm"
"a serious wound"
"a serious turn of events"
"a severe case of pneumonia"
"a life-threatening disease"

{adj: deadly} (of a disease) having a rapid course and violent effect

{adj: degenerative} (of illness) marked by gradual deterioration of organs and cells along with loss of function
"degenerative diseases of old age"

{adj: depopulated} having lost inhabitants as by war or disease
"the 15th century plagues left vast areas of Europe depopulated"

{adj: diagnostic, symptomatic} characteristic or indicative of e.g. a disease
"a diagnostic sign of yellow fever"
"diagnostic information"
"a rash symptomatic of scarlet fever"
"symptomatic of insanity"
"a rise in crime symptomatic of social breakdown"

{adj: direct, unmediated} having no intervening persons, agents, conditions
"in direct sunlight"
"in direct contact with the voters"
"direct exposure to the disease"
"a direct link"
"the direct cause of the accident"
"direct vote"

{adj: diseased, morbid, pathologic, pathological} caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology
"diseased tonsils"
"a morbid growth"
"pathologic tissue"
"pathological bodily processes"

{adj: disgusting, disgustful, distasteful, foul, loathly, loathsome, repellent, repellant, repelling, revolting, skanky, wicked, yucky} highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust
"a disgusting smell"
"distasteful language"
"a loathsome disease"
"the idea of eating meat is repellent to me"
"revolting food"
"a wicked stench"

{adj: ecdemic} of or relating to a disease that originates outside the locality in which it occurs
<-> endemic, epidemic

{adj: empirical, empiric} derived from experiment and observation rather than theory
"an empirical basis for an ethical theory"
"empirical laws"
"empirical data"
"an empirical treatment of a disease about which little is known"
<-> theoretical

{adj: endemic, endemical} of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality
"diseases endemic to the tropics"
"endemic malaria"
"food shortages and starvation are endemic in certain parts of the world"
<-> epidemic, ecdemic

{adj: enzootic} of a disease that is constantly present in an animal community but only occurs in a small number of cases

{adj: epidemic} (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously
"an epidemic outbreak of influenza"
<-> endemic, ecdemic

{adj: epizootic} (of animals) epidemic among animals of a single kind within a particular region
"an epizootic disease"

{adj: eruptive} producing or characterized by eruptions
"an eruptive disease"

{adj: etiological, etiologic, aetiological, aetiologic} relating to the etiology of a disease
"etiological agent"

{adj: familial, genetic, hereditary, inherited, transmitted, transmissible} tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
"an inherited disease"
"familial traits"
"genetically transmitted features"

{adj: foaming, foamy, frothing} producing or covered with lathery sweat or saliva from exhaustion or disease
"the rabid animal's frothing mouth"

{adj: genital, venereal} of or relating to the external sex organs
"genital herpes"
"venereal disease"

{adj: healthy} having or indicating good health in body or mind; free from infirmity or disease
"a rosy healthy baby"
"staying fit and healthy"
<-> unhealthy

{adj: heart-healthy} of foods that are low in fats and sodium and other ingredients that may foster heart disease

{adj: idiopathic} (of diseases) arising from an unknown cause
"idiopathic epilepsy"

{adj: immune, resistant} relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection)

{adj: immunized, immunised, vaccinated} having been rendered unsusceptible to a disease

{adj: incurable} incapable of being cured
"an incurable disease"
"an incurable addiction to smoking"
<-> curable

{adj: indolent} (of tumors e.g) slow to heal or develop and usually painless
"an indolent ulcer"
"leprosy is an indolent infectious disease"

{adj: infectious, infective} caused by infection or capable of causing infection
"viruses and other infective agents"
"a carrier remains infective without himself showing signs of the disease"

{adj: infectious} of or relating to infection
"infectious hospital"
"infectious disease"

{adj: infective, morbific, pathogenic} able to cause disease
"infective agents"
"pathogenic bacteria"

{adj: insidious, pernicious, subtle} working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way
"glaucoma is an insidious disease"
"a subtle poison"

{adj: intestinal, enteric, enteral} of or relating to or inside the intestines
"intestinal disease"

{adj: late, later} at or toward an end or late period or stage of development
"the late phase of feudalism"
"a later symptom of the disease"
"later medical science could have saved the child"
<-> early

{adj: lay} not of or from a profession
"a lay opinion as to the cause of the disease"

{adj: mediate} acting through or dependent on an intervening agency
"the disease spread by mediate as well as direct contact"
<-> immediate

{adj: medical} requiring or amenable to treatment by medicine especially as opposed to surgery
"medical treatment"
"pneumonia is a medical disease"
<-> surgical

{adj: multifactorial} involving or depending on several factors or causes (especially pertaining to a condition or disease resulting from the interaction of many genes)

{adj: myopathic} of or relating to any disease of the muscles that is not caused by nerve dysfunction

{adj: negative, disconfirming} not indicating the presence of microorganisms or disease or a specific condition
"the HIV test was negative"
<-> positive

{adj: nervous, neural} of or relating to the nervous system
"nervous disease"
"neural disorder"

{adj: noncommunicable, noncontagious, nontransmissible} (of disease) not capable of being passed on

{adj: notifiable} requiring that official notification be given
"a notifiable disease"

{adj: ocular, optic, optical, opthalmic} of or relating to or resembling the eye
"ocular muscles"
"an ocular organ"
"ocular diseases"
"the optic (or optical) axis of the eye"
"an ocular spot is a pigmented organ or part believed to be sensitive to light"

{adj: organic} involving or affecting physiology or bodily organs
"an organic disease"
<-> functional

{adj: periodontic, periodontal} of or relating to or involving or practicing periodontics
"periodontal disease"

{adj: pestilent, pestilential, pestiferous, plaguey} likely to spread and cause an epidemic disease
"a pestilential malignancy in the air"- Jonathan Swift
"plaguey fevers"

{adj: pneumonic, pulmonary, pulmonic} relating to or affecting the lungs
"pulmonary disease"

{adj: pocked, pockmarked} marked by or as if by smallpox or acne or other eruptive skin disease

{adj: preclinical, presymptomatic} of or relating to the early phases of a disease when accurate diagnosis is not possible because symptoms of the disease have not yet appeared

{adj: predisposed} made susceptible
"because of conditions in the mine, miners are predisposed to lung disease"

{adj: preventive, preventative, prophylactic} preventing or contributing to the prevention of disease
"preventive medicine"
"vaccines are prophylactic"
"a prophylactic drug"

{adj: prodromal, prodromic} symptomatic of the onset of an attack or a disease

{adj: remittent} (of a disease) characterized by periods of diminished severity
"a remittent fever"

{adj: scrofulous} having a diseased appearance resembling scrofula
"our canoe...lay with her scrofulous sides on the shore"- Farley Mowat

{adj: self-limited} relating to a disease that tends to run a definite course without treatment

{adj: septic, infected} containing or resulting from disease-causing organisms
"a septic sore throat"
"a septic environment"
"septic sewage"
<-> antiseptic

{adj: specific} being or affecting a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition; used also of stains or dyes used in making microscope slides
"quinine is highly specific for malaria"
"a specific remedy"
"a specific stain is one having a specific affinity for particular structural elements"
<-> nonspecific

{adj: subacute} less than acute; relating to a disease present in a person with no symptoms of it

{adj: subclinical} relating to the stage in the development of a disease before the symptoms are observed

{adj: symptomatic} relating to or according to or affecting a symptom or symptoms
"symptomatic relief"
"symptomatic treatment"
"a symptomatic classification of diseases"

{adj: tardive} late-occurring (especially with reference to symptoms of a disease)
"tardive dyskinesia"

{adj: undiagnosed} eluding diagnosis
"undiagnosed disease"

{adj: unhygienic} so unclean as to be a likely cause of disease
"pathetic dogs kept in small unhygienic cages"

{adj: untreated} not given medical care or treatment
"an untreated disease"
"the untreated wounded lay on makeshift cots"
<-> treated

{adj: virulent} infectious; having the ability to cause disease
<-> avirulent

{n: AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome} a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles

{n: Addison's disease, Addison's syndrome, hypoadrenalism, hypoadrenocorticism} a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin

{n: Aditi} a Hindu goddess who releases from sin or disease; mother of the Adityas

{n: Agrobacterium tumefaciens} the bacteria that produce crown gall disease in plants

{n: Albright's disease, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia} fibrous dysplasia of bone affecting multiple bones

{n: Alzheimer's disease, Alzheimer's, Alzheimers} a progressive form of presenile dementia that is similar to senile dementia except that it usually starts in the 40s or 50s; first symptoms are impaired memory which is followed by impaired thought and speech and finally complete helplessness

{n: Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus} striped native of Japan thriving in southwestern and midwestern United States and spreading to the Caribbean; potential carrier of serious diseases

{n: Banti's disease, Banti's syndrome} a disease characterized by congestion and enlargement of the spleen; accompanied by anemia or cirrhosis

{n: Borrelia burgdorferi, Lime disease spirochete} cause of Lyme disease; transmitted primarily by ticks of genus Ixodes

{n: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC} a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services; located in Atlanta; investigates and diagnoses and tries to control or prevent diseases (especially new and unusual diseases)

{n: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy} a form of neuropathy that can begin between childhood and young adulthood; characterized by weakness and atrophy of the muscles of the hands and lower legs; progression is slow and individuals affected can have a normal life span; inheritance is X-linked recessive or X-linked dominant

{n: Chlamydia psittaci, C. psittaci} bacteria responsible for the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia

{n: Chlamydia trachomatis, C. trachomatis} bacteria responsible for the sexually transmitted diseases chlamydia and lymphogranuloma venereum

{n: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, CJD, Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease} rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control

{n: Crohn, Burrill Bernard Crohn} United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884-1983)

{n: Cushing's disease, hyperadrenalism} a glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland; characterized by obesity

{n: Dermacentor, genus Dermacentor} vectors of important diseases of man and animals

{n: Dutch elm disease} disease of elms caused by a fungus

{n: Dutch elm fungus, Ceratostomella ulmi} fungus causing Dutch elm disease

{n: Dutch-elm beetle, Scolytus multistriatus} a vector of the fungus causing Dutch elm disease

{n: Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Ebola fever, Ebola} a severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) caused by the Ebola virus; characterized by high fever and severe internal bleeding; can be spread from person to person; is largely limited to Africa

{n: Filoviridae} a family of threadlike RNA viruses that cause diseases in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees)

{n: Funk, Casimir Funk} United States biochemist (born in Poland) who showed that several diseases were caused by dietary deficiencies and who coined the term `vitamin' for the chemicals involved (1884-1967)

{n: Gaucher's disease} a rare chronic disorder of lipid metabolism of genetic origin

{n: German measles, rubella, three-day measles, epidemic roseola} a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester

{n: Graves' disease, exophthalmic goiter} exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs

{n: Guinea worm disease, Guinea worm, dracunculiasis} a painful and debilitating infestation contracted by drinking stagnant water contaminated with Guinea worm larvae that can mature inside a human's abdomen until the worm emerges through a painful blister in the person's skin

{n: HDL cholesterol} the cholesterol in high-density lipoproteins; the `good' cholesterol; a high level in the blood is thought to lower the risk of coronary artery disease

{n: Haldane, John Haldane, John Scott Haldane} Scottish physiologist and brother of Richard Haldane and Elizabeth Haldane; noted for research into industrial diseases (1860-1936)

{n: Hand-Schuller-Christian disease, Schuller-Christian disease} inflammatory histiocytosis associated with disturbance of cholesterol metabolism; occurs chiefly in young children and is characterized by cystic defects of the skull and diabetes insipidus

{n: Hashimoto's disease} autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland; most common in middle-aged women

{n: Heliobacter pylori, H. pylori} the type species of genus Heliobacter; produces urease and is associated with several gastroduodenal diseases (including gastritis and gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers and other peptic ulcers)

{n: Hirschsprung's disease, congenital megacolon} congenital condition in which the colon does not have the normal network of nerves; there is little urge to defecate so the feces accumulate and cause megacolon

{n: Hodgkin's disease} a malignant disorder in which there is progressive (but painless) enlargement of lymph tissue followed by enlargement of the spleen and liver

{n: Hodgkin, Thomas Hodgkin} English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798-1866)

{n: Huntington's chorea, Huntington's disease} hereditary disease; develops in adulthood and ends in dementia

{n: Hurler's syndrome, Hurler's disease, gargoylism, dysostosis multiplex, lipochondrodystrophy} hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism; characterized by severe abnormalities in development of skeletal cartilage and bone and mental retardation

{n: Ixodes dentatus} usually does not bite humans; transmits Lyme disease spirochete to cottontail rabbits and wood rats

{n: Ixodes neotomae} a tick that usually does not bite humans; transmits Lyme disease spirochete to dusky-footed wood rats

{n: Ixodes pacificus, western black-legged tick} feeds on dusky-footed wood rat and bites humans; principal vector for Lyme disease in western United States especially northern California

{n: Ixodes persulcatus} bites humans; a vector for Lyme disease spirochete

{n: Ixodes scapularis, black-legged tick} parasitic on mice of genus Peromyscus and bites humans; principal vector for Lyme disease in eastern United States (especially New England); northern form was for a time known as Ixodes dammini (deer tick)

{n: Ixodes spinipalpis} usually does not bite humans; transmits Lyme disease spirochete to cottontail rabbits and wood rats

{n: Kawasaki disease, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome} an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause

{n: Kayser-Fleischer ring} a pigmented ring at the outer edge of the cornea of the eye; a symptom of Wilson's disease

{n: L-dopa, levodopa, Bendopa, Brocadopa, Larodopa} the levorotatory form of dopa (trade names Bendopa and Brocadopa and Larodopa); as a drug it is used to treat Parkinson's disease

{n: Lambert-Eaton syndrome, Eaton-Lambert syndrome, myasthenic syndrome, carcinomatous myopathy} a disease seen in patients with lung cancer and characterized by weakness and fatigue of hip and thigh muscles and an aching back; caused by antibodies directed against the neuromuscular junctions

{n: Lassa fever} an acute contagious viral disease of central western Africa; characterized by fever and inflammation and muscular pains and difficulty swallowing; can be used as a bioweapon

{n: Lazarus} the diseased beggar in Jesus' parable of the rich man and the beggar

{n: Legionella pneumophilia, legionella} the motile aerobic rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium that thrives in central heating and air conditioning systems and can cause Legionnaires' disease

{n: Legionnaires' disease} acute (sometimes fatal) lobar pneumonia caused by bacteria of a kind first recognized after an outbreak of the disease at an American Legion convention in Philadelphia in 1976; characterized by fever and muscle and chest pain and headache and chills and a dry cough

{n: Lyme disease, Lyme arthritis} an acute inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever; caused by bacteria carried by the bite of a deer tick

{n: Marburg disease, Marburg hemorrhagic fever, green monkey disease} a viral disease of green monkeys caused by the Marburg virus; when transmitted to humans it causes serious or fatal illness

{n: Marburg virus} a filovirus that causes Marburg disease; carried by animals; can be used as a bioweapon

{n: Marfan's syndrome} an autosomal dominant disease characterized by elongated bones (especially of limbs and digits) and abnormalities of the eyes and circulatory system

{n: Marseilles fever, Kenya fever, Indian tick fever, boutonneuse fever} a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals

{n: McArdle's disease} an inherited disease in which abnormal amounts of glycogen accumulate in skeletal muscle; results in weakness and cramping

{n: Meniere's disease} a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss (usually unilateral)

{n: Meniere, Prosper Meniere} French otologist who first described a form of vertigo now known as Meniere's disease and identified the semicircular canals as the site of the lesion (1799-1862)

{n: Mesmer, Franz Anton Mesmer, Friedrich Anton Mesmer} Austrian physician who tried to treat diseases with a form of hypnotism (1734-1815)

{n: Minamata disease} a form of mercury poisoning among people who ate fish from mercury-contaminated waters of Minamata Bay off Japan in the 1950s; characterized by severe neurological degeneration

{n: Newcastle disease} disease of domestic fowl and other birds

{n: Niemann-Pick disease} a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait

{n: Paget's disease, osteitis deformans} a disease of bone occurring in the middle aged and elderly; excessive bone destruction sometimes leading to bone pain and fractures and skeletal deformities

{n: Pick's disease} a progressive form of presenile dementia found most often in middle-aged and elderly women and characterized by degeneration of the frontal and temporal lobes with loss of intellectual ability and transitory aphasia

{n: Pott's disease} TB of the spine with destruction of vertebrae resulting in curvature of the spine

{n: Q fever} an acute disease resembling influenza

{n: Reiter's syndrome, Reiter's disease} an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males; characterized by arthritis and conjunctivitis and urethritis

{n: Reiter, Hans Conrad Julius Reiter} German bacteriologist who described a disease now known as Reiter's syndrome and who identified the spirochete that causes syphilis in humans (1881-1969)

{n: Rickettsiaceae, family Rickettsiaceae} microorganism resembling bacteria inhabiting arthropod tissues but capable of causing disease in vertebrates

{n: Sclerotium, genus Sclerotium} form genus of sterile imperfect fungi; many form sclerotia; some cause sclerotium disease in plants

{n: Spielmeyer-Vogt disease, juvenile amaurotic idiocy} a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death

{n: Still's disease, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis} a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children; large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retarded

{n: Takayasu's arteritis, pulseless disease} disorder characterized by the absence of a pulse in both arms and in the carotid arteries

{n: Tay-Sachs disease, Tay-Sachs, Sachs disease, infantile amaurotic idiocy} a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occuring most frequently in individuals of Jewish descent in eastern Europe; accumulation of lipids in nervous tissue results in death in early childhood

{n: Texas fever} an infectious disease of cattle transmitted by the cattle tick

{n: Ustilaginoidea, genus Ustilaginoidea} genus of imperfect fungi causing plant diseases like smut

{n: Virchow, Rudolf Virchow, Rudolf Karl Virchow} German pathologist who recognized that all cells come from cells by binary fission and who emphasized cellular abnormalities in disease (1821-1902)


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