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cultivate [ 'kʌltiveit] vt.耕;种植;培养

cultivate [ 'kʌltiveit] v.种植,向…讨好

陶冶情操 cultivate one's taste (temperament)

to cultivate the ability to analyze and solve concrete problems independently

Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills. They may become more solitary and even suffer from certain mental illness.

Students attend a boarding school would cultivate their independence as apart from their parents.

To cultivate oneself in disposition is not for the others, but for strengthening his own capacity in life.

The simple life is not necessarily living in a cabin, cultivating beans,. It is refusing to let our lives be frittered away by detail.
Wlkomir Richard, American writer

Because friendships enhance our lives ,it is important to cultivate them.
Robert Louis Stevenson, British novelist and poet

For a cultivated man to be ignorant of foreign languages is a great inconveniece.
Anton P.Chekhrv, Russian dramatist 
俄国剧作家契克夫A P 

cultivate v.耕种

cultivating n.力求与人交往

畴 [chóu] /arable fields/cultivated field/class/category/

耕种 [gēng zhòng] /to till/to cultivate/

农田 [nóng tián] /farmland/cultivated land/

培 [péi] /to cultivate/to earth up/

培训 [péi xùn] /to cultivate/to train/

培植 [péi zhí] /to cultivate/to train/

畋 [tián] /cultivate (land)/to hunt/

修 [xiū] /to decorate/to embellish/to repair/to build/to study/to write/to cultivate/

养成 [yǎng chéng] /form/acquire/cultivate/

养殖 [yǎng zhí] /cultivate/cultivation/

畲 [yú] /cultivated field/

栽培 [zāi péi] /to grow/to cultivate/

种 [zhòng] /to plant/to cultivate/

{adj: brusque, brusk, curt, short} marked by rude or peremptory shortness
"try to cultivate a less brusque manner"
"a curt reply"
"the salesgirl was very short with him"

{adj: civilized, civilised, cultivated, cultured, genteel, polite} marked by refinement in taste and manners
"cultivated speech"
"cultured Bostonians"
"cultured tastes"
"a genteel old lady"
"polite society"

{adj: conspecific} belonging to the same species
"cultivated cabbage and wild cabbage are conspecific"

{adj: cultivated} (of land or fields) prepared for raising crops by plowing or fertilizing
"cultivated land"
<-> uncultivated

{adj: cultivated} no longer in the natural state; developed by human care and for human use
"cultivated roses"
"cultivated blackberries"

{adj: lowbrow, lowbrowed, uncultivated} characteristic of a person who is not cultivated or does not have intellectual tastes
"lowbrow tastes"

{adj: refined} (used of persons and their behavior) cultivated and genteel
"she was delicate and refined and unused to hardship"
"refined people with refined taste"
<-> unrefined

{adj: uncultivated} (of land or fields) not prepared for raising crops
"uncultivated land"
<-> cultivated

{adj: wild, untamed} in a natural state; not tamed or domesticated or cultivated
"wild geese"
"edible wild plants"
<-> tame

{n: African violet, Saintpaulia ionantha} tropical African plant cultivated as a houseplant for its violet or white or pink flowers

{n: Alexander, Alexanders, black lovage, horse parsley, Smyrnium olusatrum} European herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in Britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb

{n: Amberboa, genus Amberboa} herbs of Mediterranean to central Asia cultivated for their flowers

{n: American agave, Agave americana} widely cultivated American monocarpic plant with greenish-white flowers on a tall stalk; blooms only after ten to twenty years and then dies

{n: American wistaria, American wisteria, Wisteria frutescens} an eastern United States native resembling the cultivated Japanese wisteria having pale purple-lilac flowers

{n: Amur privet, Ligustrum amurense} eastern Asian shrub cultivated especially for its persistent foliage

{n: Anomala, genus Anomala} genus of beetles whose grubs feed mainly on roots of plants; includes several pests of cultivated grasses

{n: Anthonomus, genus Anthonomus} weevils destructive of cultivated plants

{n: Arabian coffee, Coffea arabica} shrubby tree of northeastern tropical Africa widely cultivated in tropical or near tropical regions for its seed which form most of the commercial coffee

{n: Arabian jasmine, Jasminum sambac} East Indian evergreen vine cultivated for its profuse fragrant white flowers

{n: Barberton daisy, Transvaal daisy, Gerbera jamesonii} widely cultivated South African perennial having flower heads with orange to flame-colored rays

{n: Bechtel crab, flowering crab} derived from the Iowa crab and cultivated for its large double pink blossoms

{n: Belle Isle cress, early winter cress, land cress, American cress, American watercress, Barbarea verna, Barbarea praecox} of southwestern Europe; cultivated in Florida

{n: Bletilla striata, Bletia striata} Japanese orchid with white-striped leaves and slender erect racemes of rose to magenta flowers; often cultivated; sometimes placed in genus Bletia

{n: Caladium bicolor} most popular caladium; cultivated in many varieties since the late 19th century

{n: California poppy, Eschscholtzia californica} of Pacific coast of North America; widely cultivated for its yellow to red flowers

{n: Canterbury bell, cup and saucer, Campanula medium} European biennial widely cultivated for its blue or violet or white flowers

{n: Cape primrose} any of various African plants of the genus Streptocarpus widely cultivated especially as houseplants for their showy blue or purple flowers

{n: Catha edulis} a shrub that is cultivated by Arabs for its leaves which are chewed or used to make tea

{n: Cathaya} Chinese evergreen conifer discovered in 1955; not yet cultivated elsewhere

{n: China rose, Bengal rose, Rosa chinensis} shrubby Chinese rose; ancestor of many cultivated garden roses

{n: Chinese gooseberry, kiwi, kiwi vine, Actinidia chinensis, Actinidia deliciosa} climbing vine native to China; cultivated in New Zealand for its fuzzy edible fruit with green meat

{n: Chinese holly, Ilex cornuta} dense rounded evergreen shrub of China having spiny leaves; widely cultivated as an ornamental

{n: Chinese lantern plant, winter cherry, bladder cherry, Physalis alkekengi} Old World perennial cultivated for its ornamental inflated papery orange-red calyx

{n: Chinese primrose, Primula sinensis} cultivated Asiatic primrose

{n: Christmas cactus, Schlumbergera buckleyi, Schlumbergera baridgesii} epiphytic cactus of Brazilian ancestry widely cultivated as a houseplant having jointed flat segments and usually rose-purple flowers that bloom in winter

{n: Cornish heath, Erica vagans} bushy shrub having pink to white flowers; common on the moors of Cornwall and in southwestern Europe; cultivated elsewhere

{n: Dalbergia, genus Dalbergia} large genus of tropical trees having pinnate leaves and paniculate flowers and cultivated commercially for their dramatically grained and colored timbers

{n: Dieffenbachia, genus Dieffenbachia} evergreen perennial herbs of tropical America with lush foliage and poisonous sap; often cultivated as houseplants

{n: Eastern cottonwood, necklace poplar, Populus deltoides} a common poplar of eastern and central United States; cultivated in United States for its rapid growth and luxuriant foliage and in Europe for timber

{n: English hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna} European hawthorn having deeply cleft leaves and bright red fruits; widely cultivated in many varieties and often grown as impenetrable hedges; established as an escape in eastern North America

{n: English iris, Iris xiphioides} bulbous iris native to the Pyrenees; widely cultivated for its large delicate flowers in various colors except yellow

{n: English lavender, Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula officinalis} aromatic Mediterranean shrub widely cultivated for its lilac flowers which are dried and used in sachets

{n: English primrose, Primula vulgaris} plant of western and southern Europe widely cultivated for its pale yellow flowers

{n: English walnut, English walnut tree, Circassian walnut, Persian walnut, Juglans regia} Eurasian walnut valued for its large edible nut and its hard richly figured wood; widely cultivated

{n: European chestnut, sweet chestnut, Spanish chestnut, Castanea sativa} wild or cultivated throughout southern Europe, northwestern Africa and southwestern Asia

{n: European dogtooth, Erythronium dens-canis} sturdy European dogtooth with rose to mauve flowers; cultivated in many varieties

{n: European fly honeysuckle, European honeysuckle, Lonicera xylosteum} cultivated Eurasian shrub with twin yellowish-white flowers and scarlet fruit

{n: French honeysuckle, sulla, Hedysarum coronarium} perennial of southern Europe cultivated for forage and for its nectar-rich pink flowers that make it an important honey crop

{n: Gentianaceae, family Gentianaceae, gentian family} chiefly herbaceous plants with showy flowers; some are cultivated as ornamentals

{n: Guadalupe cypress, Cupressus guadalupensis} relatively low wide-spreading endemic on Guadalupe Island; cultivated for its bluish foliage

{n: Holcus, genus Holcus} a genus of Old World grasses widely cultivated in America

{n: Jacobean lily, Aztec lily, Strekelia formosissima} Mexican bulbous herb cultivated for its handsome bright red solitary flower

{n: Jamaica honeysuckle, yellow granadilla, Passiflora laurifolia} West Indian passionflower; cultivated for its yellow edible fruit

{n: Japan allspice, Japanese allspice, winter sweet, Chimonanthus praecox} deciduous Japanese shrub cultivated for its fragrant yellow flowers

{n: Japanese banana, Musa basjoo} Asiatic banana plant cultivated especially as a foliage plant in Japan

{n: Japanese flowering cherry, Prunus sieboldii} ornamental tree with inedible fruit widely cultivated in many varieties for its pink blossoms

{n: Japanese hop, Humulus japonicus} ornamental vine native to eastern Asia; cultivated for its variegated foliage

{n: Japanese maple, Acer palmatum} ornamental shrub or small tree of Japan and Korea with deeply incised leaves; cultivated in many varieties

{n: Japanese millet, billion-dollar grass, Japanese barnyard millet, sanwa millet, Echinochloa frumentacea} coarse annual grass cultivated in Japan and southeastern Asia for its edible seeds and for forage; important wildlife food in United States

{n: Japanese yew, Taxus cuspidata} shrubby hardy evergreen of China and Japan having lustrous dark green foliage; cultivated in the eastern United States

{n: Jerusalem artichoke, girasol, Jerusalem artichoke sunflower, Helianthus tuberosus} tall perennial with hairy stems and leaves; widely cultivated for its large irregular edible tubers

{n: Jerusalem cherry, winter cherry, Madeira winter cherry, Solanum pseudocapsicum} small South American shrub cultivated as a houseplant for its abundant ornamental but poisonous red or yellow cherry-sized fruit

{n: Jerusalem sage, Phlomis fruticosa} a spreading subshrub of Mediterranean regions cultivated for dense axillary whorls of purple or yellow flowers

{n: Johnson grass, Aleppa grass, means grass, evergreen millet, Sorghum halepense, Sorghum halapense} tall perennial grass that spreads by creeping rhizomes and is grown for fodder; naturalized in southern United States where it is a serious pest on cultivated land

{n: Judas tree, love tree, Circis siliquastrum} small tree of the eastern Mediterranean having abundant purplish-red flowers growing on old wood directly from stems and appearing before the leaves: widely cultivated in mild regions; wood valuable for veneers

{n: Korean lespedeza, Lespedeza stipulacea} annual native to Korea but widely cultivated for forage and hay in hot dry regions

{n: Lavatera, genus Lavatera} widespread genus of herbs or softwood arborescent shrubs cultivated for their showy flowers

{n: Logania, genus Logania} type genus of the Loganiaceae; Australian and New Zealand shrubs sometimes cultivated for their flowers

{n: Madagascar jasmine, waxflower, Stephanotis floribunda} twining woody vine of Madagascar having thick dark waxy evergreen leaves and clusters of large fragrant waxy white flowers along the stems; widely cultivated in warm regions

{n: Mediterranean snapdragon, Antirrhinum majus} perennial native to the Mediterranean but widely cultivated for its purple or pink flowers

{n: Melastomataceae, family Melastomataceae, Melastomaceae, family Melastomaceae, meadow-beauty family} a family of trees and bushes and herbs of order Myrtales; many are cultivated as ornamentals

{n: Molucella, genus Molucella} small genus of aromatic herbs of Mediterranean regions; widely cultivated

{n: Nephthytis afzelii} tropical rhizomatous plant cultivated as an ornamental for its large sagittate leaves

{n: New Caledonian yew, Austrotaxus spicata} large yew native to New Caledonia; cultivated in eastern Australia and New Zealand and Hawaii

{n: New Zealand daisybush, Olearia haastii} bushy New Zealand shrub cultivated for its fragrant white flower heads

{n: New Zealand spinach, Tetragonia tetragonioides, Tetragonia expansa} coarse sprawling Australasian plant with red or yellow flowers; cultivated for its edible young shoots and succulent leaves

{n: Norway maple, Acer platanoides} a large Eurasian maple tree naturalized in North America; five-lobed leaves yellow in autumn; cultivated in many varieties

{n: Pelargonium, genus Pelargonium} geraniums native chiefly to South Africa; widely cultivated

{n: Persian iris, Iris persica} bulbous iris native to Asia Minor cultivated for its pale lilac-colored flowers

{n: Persian violet, Exacum affine} perennial cultivated especially as a houseplant for its fragrant bluish to dark lavender flowers

{n: Photinia, genus Photinia} genus of deciduous and evergreen east Asian trees and shrubs widely cultivated as ornamentals for their white flowers and red fruits; in some classifications includes genus Heteromeles

{n: Prince Albert yew, Prince Albert's yew, Saxe-gothea conspicua} small yew having attractive foliage and partially weeping branches cultivated as an ornamental; mountains of southern Chile

{n: Pteris cretica} cultivated in many varieties as houseplants

{n: Ratibida, genus Ratibida} genus of perennial wildflowers of North American plains and prairies; often cultivated for their showy flower heads

{n: Ravenna grass, wool grass, Erianthus ravennae} grass often cultivated for its long white-ribbed leaves and large plumes resembling those of pampas grass

{n: Rhodes grass, Chloris gayana} perennial grass of South Africa introduced into United States; cultivated as forage grass in dry regions

{n: Royal Academy, Royal Academy of Arts} an honorary academy in London (founded in 1768) intended to cultivate painting and sculpture and architecture in Britain

{n: Russian almond, dwarf Russian almond, Prunus tenella} Asiatic shrub cultivated for its rosy red flowers

{n: Russian dandelion, kok-saghyz, kok-sagyz, Taraxacum kok-saghyz} perennial dandelion native to Kazakhstan cultivated for its fleshy roots that have high rubber content

{n: Saint-Bernard's-lily, Anthericum liliago} southern European plant commonly cultivated for its spikes of small starry greenish-white flowers

{n: Saintpaulia, genus Saintpaulia} east African herb with nodding flowers; widely cultivated

{n: Secale, genus Secale} cereal grass widely cultivated for its grain: rye

{n: Siberian crab, Siberian crab apple, cherry apple, cherry crab, Malus baccata} Asian wild crab apple cultivated in many varieties for it small acid usually red fruit used for preserving

{n: Siberian pea tree, Caragana arborescens} large spiny shrub of eastern Asia having clusters of yellow flowers; often cultivated in shelterbelts and hedges

{n: Siberian wall flower, Erysimum allionii, Cheiranthus allionii} showy erect biennial or short-lived perennial cultivated for its terminal racemes of orange-yellow flowers; sometimes placed in genus Cheiranthus

{n: Southern crab apple, flowering crab, Malus angustifolia} small tree or shrub of southeastern United States; cultivated as an ornamental for its rose-colored blossoms

{n: Spanish oyster plant, Scolymus hispanicus} a golden thistle of southwestern Europe cultivated for its edible sweet roots and edible leaves and stalks; its yellow flowers are used as a substitute for saffron

{n: Spanish tamarind, Vangueria madagascariensis} shrubby tree of Madagascar occasionally cultivated for its edible apple-shaped fruit

{n: Surinam cherry, pitanga, Eugenia uniflora} Brazilian tree with spicy red fruit; often cultivated in California and Florida

{n: Swan River daisy, Brachycome Iberidifolia} western Australian annual much cultivated for its flower heads with white or bluish to violet or variegated rays

{n: Syzygium, genus Syzygium} a tropical evergreen tree of the myrtle family native to the East Indies but cultivated elsewhere

{n: Tamarindus, genus Tamarindus} widely cultivated tropical trees originally of Africa

{n: Texas star, Lindheimera texana} Texas annual with coarsely pinnatifid leaves; cultivated for its showy radiate yellow flower heads

{n: Triticum, genus Triticum} annual cereal grasses from Mediterranean area; widely cultivated in temperate regions

{n: Valencia orange} variety of sweet orange cultivated extensively in Florida and California

{n: Virginia strawberry, scarlet strawberry, Fragaria virginiana} North American wild strawberry with sweet scarlet fruit; a source of many cultivated strawberries

{n: Virginian stock, Virginia stock, Malcolmia maritima} erect branching herb cultivated for its loose racemes of fragrant white or pink or red or lilac flowers; native to sands and sea cliffs of southwestern Greece and southern Albania

{n: Welsh poppy, Meconopsis cambrica} widely cultivated west European plant with showy pale yellow flowers

{n: acanthus} any plant of the genus Acanthus having large spiny leaves and spikes or white or purplish flowers; native to Mediterranean region but widely cultivated

{n: afforestation} the conversion of bare or cultivated land into forest (originally for the purpose of hunting)

{n: agave, century plant, American aloe} tropical American plants with basal rosettes of fibrous sword-shaped leaves and flowers in tall spikes; some cultivated for ornament or for fiber

{n: agriculturist, agriculturalist, cultivator, grower, raiser} someone concerned with the science or art or business of cultivating the soil

{n: air potato, Dioscorea bulbifera} yam of tropical Africa and Asia cultivated for it large tubers

{n: akee, akee tree, Blighia sapida} widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions for its fragrant flowers and colorful fruits; introduced in Jamaica by William Bligh

{n: almond willow, black Hollander, Salix triandra, Salix amygdalina} Old World willow with light green leaves cultivated for use in basketry

{n: almond, sweet almond, Prunus dulcis, Prunus amygdalus, Amygdalus communis} small bushy deciduous tree native to Asia and North Africa having pretty pink blossoms and highly prized edible nuts enclosed in a hard green hull; cultivated in southern Australia and California

{n: amaranth} any of various plants of the genus Amaranthus having dense plumes of green or red flowers; often cultivated for food

{n: amarelle, Prunus cerasus caproniana} any of several cultivated sour cherry trees bearing pale red fruit with colorless juice

{n: angel's trumpet, Brugmansia suaveolens, Datura suaveolens} South American plant cultivated for its very large nocturnally fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers

{n: angel's trumpet, maikoa, Brugmansia arborea, Datura arborea} a South American plant that is cultivated for its large fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers

{n: angled loofah, sing-kwa, Luffa acutangula} loofah of Pakistan; widely cultivated throughout tropics

{n: anise, anise plant, Pimpinella anisum} native to Egypt but cultivated widely for its aromatic seeds and the oil from them used medicinally and as a flavoring in cookery

{n: anthurium, tailflower, tail-flower} any of various tropical American plants cultivated for their showy foliage and flowers

{n: apple, orchard apple tree, Malus pumila} native Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits

{n: aquaculture} rearing aquatic animals or cultivating aquatic plants for food

{n: arboretum, botanical garden} a facility where trees and shrubs are cultivated for exhibition

{n: artichoke, globe artichoke, artichoke plant, Cynara scolymus} Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head

{n: auricula, bear's ear, Primula auricula} yellow-flowered primrose native to Alps; commonly cultivated

{n: bamboo fern, Coniogramme japonica} fast-growing sturdy Japanese fern; cultivated for their attractive broad dark-green pinnate fronds

{n: banana passion fruit, Passiflora mollissima} cultivated for fruit

{n: barley} cultivated since prehistoric times; grown for forage and grain

{n: basket fern, toothed sword fern, Nephrolepis pectinata} tropical American fern cultivated for its finely divided greyish-green foliage; West Indies and southern Mexico to Peru and Brazil

{n: basket flower, Centaurea americana} annual of southwestern United States cultivated for its purple flower heads and its bracts that resemble small baskets

{n: beach strawberry, Chilean strawberry, Fragaria chiloensis} wild strawberry of western United States and South America; source of many varieties of cultivated strawberries

{n: bear's breech, bear's breeches, sea holly, Acanthus mollis} widely cultivated southern European acanthus with whitish purple-veined flowers

{n: bearded iris} any of numerous wild or cultivated irises with hairlike structures on the falls (the drooping sepals)

{n: beardless iris} any of numerous wild or cultivated irises having no hairs on the drooping sepals (the falls)

{n: beauty bush, Kolkwitzia amabilis} Chinese deciduous shrub with yellow-throated pinkish flowers and bristly fruit; often cultivated as an ornamental

{n: beet, common beet, Beta vulgaris} biennial Eurasian plant usually having a swollen edible root; widely cultivated as a food crop

{n: beggarweed, Desmodium tortuosum, Desmodium purpureum} West Indian forage plant cultivated in southern United States as forage and to improve soil

{n: belladonna lily, naked lady, Amaryllis belladonna} amaryllis of South Africa often cultivated for its fragrant white or rose flowers

{n: big-tree plum, Prunus mexicana} small tree of southwestern United States having purplish-red fruit sometimes cultivated as an ornamental for its large leaves

{n: black calla, Arum palaestinum} ornamental plant of Middle East cultivated for its dark purple spathe

{n: black currant, European black currant, Ribes nigrum} widely cultivated current bearing edible black aromatic berries

{n: black mustard, Brassica nigra} widespread Eurasian annual plant cultivated for its pungent seeds; a principal source of table mustard

{n: bladder senna, Colutea arborescens} yellow-flowered European shrub cultivated for its succession of yellow flowers and very inflated bladdery pods and as a source of wildlife food

{n: bombie} an unexploded bomblet
"unexploded bomblets known in Laos as `bombies' caused farmers to fear cultivating their fields"

{n: boysenberry, boysenberry bush} cultivated hybrid bramble of California having large dark wine-red fruit with a flavor resembling raspberries

{n: brass buttons, Cotula coronopifolia} South African herb with golden-yellow globose flower heads; naturalized in moist areas along coast of California; cultivated as an ornamental

{n: brittle maidenhair, brittle maidenhair fern, Adiantum tenerum} tropical American fern with broad pinnae; widely cultivated

{n: broad bean, horse bean} a bean plant cultivated for use animal fodder

{n: brompton stock, Matthiola incana} European plant with racemes of sweet-scented flowers; widely cultivated as an ornamental

{n: broomcorn millet, hog millet, Panicum miliaceum} extensively cultivated in Europe and Asia for its grain and in United States sometimes for forage

{n: bugloss, alkanet, Anchusa officinalis} perennial or biennial herb cultivated for its delicate usually blue flowers

{n: bush poppy, tree poppy} evergreen shrub of southwestern United States and Mexico often cultivated for its fragrant golden yellow flowers

{n: bush violet, browallia} any of several herbs of the genus Browallia cultivated for their blue or violet or white flowers

{n: butterfly pea, Centrosema virginianum} large-flowered weakly twining or prostrate vine of New Jersey to tropical eastern North America, sometimes cultivated for its purple and white flowers

{n: cabbage, cultivated cabbage, Brassica oleracea} any of various cultivars of the genus Brassica oleracea grown for their edible leaves or flowers

{n: caladium} any plant of the genus Caladium cultivated for their ornamental foliage variously patterned in white or pink or red

{n: calendula} any of numerous chiefly annual herbs of the genus Calendula widely cultivated for their yellow or orange flowers; often used for medicinal and culinary purposes

{n: calisaya, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona calisaya} Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark

{n: calla lily, calla, arum lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica} South African plant widely cultivated for its showy pure white spathe and yellow spadix

{n: calliopsis, Coreopsis tinctoria} North American annual widely cultivated for its yellow flowers with purple-red to brownish centers; in some classifications placed in a subgenus Calliopsis

{n: candytuft} any of various flowering plants of the genus Iberis cultivated for their showy clusters of white to red or purple flowers; native to Mediterranean region

{n: cape jasmine, cape jessamine, Gardenia jasminoides, Gardenia augusta} evergreen shrub widely cultivated for its large fragrant waxlike white flowers and glossy leaves

{n: cardoon, Cynara cardunculus} southern European plant having spiny leaves and purple flowers cultivated for its edible leafstalks and roots

{n: carnation, clove pink, gillyflower, Dianthus caryophyllus} Eurasian plant with pink to purple-red spice-scented usually double flowers; widely cultivated in many varieties and many colors

{n: carrot, cultivated carrot, Daucus carota sativa} perennial plant widely cultivated as an annual in many varieties for its long conical orange edible roots; temperate and tropical regions

{n: carrot} deep orange edible root of the cultivated carrot plant

{n: celery, cultivated celery, Apium graveolens dulce} widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked

{n: cereal oat, Avena sativa} widely cultivated in temperate regions for its edible grains

{n: checkerbloom, wild hollyhock, Sidalcea malviflora} perennial purple-flowered wild mallow of western North America that is also cultivated

{n: cherry laurel, laurel cherry, Prunus laurocerasus} frequently cultivated Eurasian evergreen shrub or small tree having showy clusters of white flowers and glossy foliage and yielding oil similar to bitter almond oil

{n: chervil, beaked parsley, Anthriscus cereifolium} aromatic annual Old World herb cultivated for its finely divided and often curly leaves for use especially in soups and salads

{n: chickpea, chickpea plant, Egyptian pea, Cicer arietinum} Asiatic herb cultivated for its short pods with one or two edible seeds

{n: chicory, succory, chicory plant, Cichorium intybus} perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads

{n: chrysanthemum} any of numerous perennial Old World herbs having showy brightly colored flower heads of the genera Chrysanthemum, Argyranthemum, Dendranthema, Tanacetum; widely cultivated

{n: cinchona tree, Cinchona pubescens} small tree of Ecuador and Peru having very large glossy leaves and large panicles of fragrant pink flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark

{n: cineraria, Pericallis cruenta, Senecio cruentus} herb of Canary Islands widely cultivated for its blue or purple or red or variegated daisylike flowers

{n: cinnamon vine, Chinese yam, Dioscorea batata} hardy Chinese vine naturalized in United States and cultivated as an ornamental climber for its glossy heart-shaped cinnamon-scented leaves and in the tropics for its edible tubers

{n: citron, citron tree, Citrus medica} thorny evergreen small tree or shrub of India widely cultivated for its large lemonlike fruits that have thick warty rind

{n: citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri} feeds on a wide variety of cultivated plants but especially destructive to citrus

{n: citrus, citrus tree} any of numerous tropical usually thorny evergreen trees of the genus Citrus having leathery evergreen leaves and widely cultivated for their juicy edible fruits having leathery aromatic rinds

{n: clary, Salvia sclarea} aromatic herb of southern Europe; cultivated in England as a potherb and widely as an ornamental

{n: climbing onion, Bowiea volubilis} much-branched leafless twining South African herb cultivated as an ornamental for its bright green stems growing from large aboveground bulbs

{n: clove, clove tree, Syzygium aromaticum, Eugenia aromaticum, Eugenia caryophyllatum} moderate sized very symmetrical red-flowered evergreen widely cultivated in the tropics for its flower buds which are source of cloves

{n: columnea} tropical plant having thick hairy somewhat toothed leaves and solitary or clustered yellow to scarlet flowers; many cultivated for their flowers and ornamental foliage

{n: common European earwig, Forficula auricularia} sometimes destructive to cultivated bulbs

{n: common bamboo, Bambusa vulgaris} extremely vigorous bamboo having thin-walled culms striped green and yellow; so widely cultivated that native area is uncertain

{n: common broom, Scotch broom, green broom, Cytisus scoparius} deciduous erect spreading broom native to western Europe; widely cultivated for its rich yellow flowers

{n: common caper, Capparis spinosa} prostrate spiny shrub of the Mediterranean region cultivated for its greenish flower buds which are pickled

{n: common corn salad, lamb's lettuce, Valerianella olitoria, Valerianella locusta} widely cultivated as a salad crop and pot herb; often a weed

{n: common ginger, Canton ginger, stem ginger, Zingiber officinale} tropical Asian plant widely cultivated for its pungent root; source of gingerroot and powdered ginger

{n: common hop, common hops, bine, European hop, Humulus lupulus} European twining plant whose flowers are used chiefly to flavor malt liquors; cultivated in America

{n: common laburnum, golden chain, golden rain, Laburnum anagyroides} an ornamental shrub or tree of the genus Laburnum; often cultivated for Easter decorations

{n: common morning glory, Ipomoea tricolor} annual or perennial climbing herb of Central America having sky-blue flowers; most commonly cultivated morning glory

{n: common purslane, pussley, pusly, verdolagas, Portulaca oleracea} weedy trailing mat-forming herb with bright yellow flowers cultivated for its edible mildly acid leaves eaten raw or cooked especially in Indian and Greek and Middle Eastern cuisine; cosmopolitan

{n: common staghorn fern, elkhorn fern, Platycerium bifurcatum, Platycerium alcicorne} commonly cultivated fern of Australia and southeastern Asia and Polynesia

{n: common tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum} tall erect South American herb with large ovate leaves and terminal clusters of tubular white or pink flowers; cultivated for its leaves

{n: common vetchling, meadow pea, yellow vetchling, Lathyrus pratensis} scrambling perennial Eurasian wild pea having yellowish flowers and compressed seed pods; cultivated for forage

{n: common wheat, Triticum aestivum} widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties for its commercially important grain

{n: coneflower} any of various plants of the genus Rudbeckia cultivated for their large usually yellow daisies with prominent central cones

{n: coral drops, Bessera elegans} half-hardy Mexican herb cultivated for its drooping terminal umbels of showy red-and-white flowers

{n: coral tree, erythrina} any of various shrubs or shrubby trees of the genus Erythrina having trifoliate leaves and racemes of scarlet to coral red flowers and black seeds; cultivated as an ornamental

{n: coralberry, Indian currant, Symphoricarpos orbiculatus} North American deciduous shrub cultivated for it abundant clusters of coral-red berrylike fruits

{n: coralwood, coral-wood, red sandalwood, Barbados pride, peacock flower fence, Adenanthera pavonina} East Indian tree with racemes of yellow-white flowers; cultivated as an ornamental

{n: corn lily} any of several South African plants of the genus Ixia having grasslike leaves and clusters of showy variously colored lilylike flowers; widely cultivated

{n: corn poppy, field poppy, Flanders poppy, Papaver rhoeas} annual European poppy common in grain fields and often cultivated

{n: corn, maize, Indian corn, Zea mays} tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times

{n: cornflower, bachelor's button, bluebottle, Centaurea cyanus} an annual Eurasian plant cultivated in North America having showy heads of blue or purple or pink or white flowers

{n: corolla} (botany) the whorl of petals of a flower that collectively form an inner floral envelope or layer of the perianth
"we cultivate the flower for its corolla"

{n: cottage pink, grass pink, Dianthus plumarius} European pink cultivated for its very fragrant pink or rosy flowers

{n: cotton rose, Confederate rose, Confederate rose mallow, Hibiscus mutabilis} Chinese shrub or small tree having white or pink flowers becoming deep red at night; widely cultivated; naturalized in southeastern United States

{n: cowage, velvet bean, Bengal bean, Benghal bean, Florida bean, Mucuna pruriens utilis, Mucuna deeringiana, Mucuna aterrima, Stizolobium deeringiana} the annual woody vine of Asia having long clusters of purplish flowers and densely hairy pods; cultivated in southern United States for green manure and grazing

{n: cowherb, cow cockle, Vaccaria hispanica, Vaccaria pyramidata, Saponaria vaccaria} European annual with pale rose-colored flowers; cultivated flower or self-sown grainfield weed; introduced in North America; sometimes classified as a soapwort

{n: cowpea, cowpea plant, black-eyed pea, Vigna unguiculata, Vigna sinensis} sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure

{n: crab apple, crabapple, cultivated crab apple} any of numerous varieties of crab apples cultivated for their small acid (usually bright red) fruit used for preserving or as ornamentals for their blossoms

{n: crab cactus, Thanksgiving cactus, Zygocactus truncatus, Schlumbergera truncatus} South American jointed cactus with usually red flowers; often cultivated as a houseplant; sometimes classified as genus Schlumbergera

{n: creeping willow, Salix repens} small trailing bush of Europe and Asia having straggling branches with silky green leaves of which several varieties are cultivated

{n: crimson clover, Italian clover, Trifolium incarnatum} southern European annual with spiky heads of crimson flower; extensively cultivated in United States for forage

{n: crocus} any of numerous low-growing plants of the genus Crocus having slender grasslike leaves and white or yellow or purple flowers; native chiefly to the Mediterranean region but widely cultivated

{n: crop} a cultivated plant that is grown commercially on a large scale

{n: croton, Codiaeum variegatum} grown in many varieties for their brightly colored foliage; widely cultivated as a houseplant

{n: cucumber, cucumber vine, Cucumis sativus} a melon vine of the genus Cucumis; cultivated from earliest times for its cylindrical green fruit

{n: cultivated land, farmland, plowland, ploughland, tilled land, tillage, tilth} arable land that is worked by plowing and sowing and raising crops

{n: cultivated parsnip} European biennial having a long fusiform root that has been made palatable through cultivation

{n: cultivated plant} plants that are grown for their produce
<-> weed

{n: cultivated rice, Oryza sativa} yields the staple food of 50 percent of world's population

{n: culture medium, medium} (bacteriology) a nutrient substance (solid or liquid) that is used to cultivate micro-organisms

{n: cumin, Cuminum cyminum} dwarf Mediterranean annual long cultivated for its aromatic seeds

{n: cyclamen, Cyclamen purpurascens} Mediterranean plant widely cultivated as a houseplant for its showy dark green leaves splotched with silver and nodding white or pink to reddish flowers with reflexed petals

{n: cymbid, cymbidium} any of various plants of the genus Cymbidium having narrow leaves and a long drooping cluster of numerous showy and variously colored boat-shaped flowers; extensively hybridized and cultivated as houseplants and important florists' flowers

{n: damask rose, summer damask rose, Rosa damascena} large hardy very fragrant pink rose; cultivated in Asia Minor as source of attar of roses; parent of many hybrids

{n: damask violet, Dame's violet, sweet rocket, Hesperis matronalis} long cultivated herb having flowers whose scent is more pronounced in the evening; naturalized throughout Europe to Siberia and into North America

{n: damson plum, damson plum tree, Prunus domestica insititia} plum tree long cultivated for its edible fruit

{n: darnel, tare, bearded darnel, cheat, Lolium temulentum} weedy annual grass often occurs in grainfields and other cultivated land; seeds sometimes considered poisonous

{n: date plum, Diospyros lotus} an Asiatic persimmon tree cultivated for its small yellow or purplish-black edible fruit much valued by Afghan tribes

{n: deer fern, Blechnum spicant} fern with erect fronds of Europe and western North America; often cultivated for deer browse

{n: dense blazing star, Liatris pycnostachya} perennial of southeastern and central United States having very dense spikes of purple flowers; often cultivated for cut flowers

{n: devil's tongue, snake palm, umbrella arum, Amorphophallus rivieri} foul-smelling somewhat fleshy tropical plant of southeastern Asia cultivated for its edible corms or in the greenhouse for its large leaves and showy dark red spathe surrounding a large spadix

{n: dogtooth violet, dogtooth, dog's-tooth violet} perennial woodland spring-flowering plant; widely cultivated

{n: dracaena} often cultivated for the decorative foliage

{n: dwarf banana, Musa acuminata} low-growing Asian banana tree cultivated especially in the West Indies for its clusters of edible yellow fruit

{n: dyer's rocket, dyer's mignonette, weld, Reseda luteola} European mignonette cultivated as a source of yellow dye; naturalized in North America

{n: economic rent, rent} the return derived from cultivated land in excess of that derived from the poorest land cultivated under similar conditions

{n: edible banana, Musa paradisiaca sapientum} widely cultivated species of banana trees bearing compact hanging clusters of commercially important edible yellow fruit

{n: eggplant, aubergine, brinjal, eggplant bush, garden egg, mad apple, Solanum melongena} hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable

{n: endive, witloof, Cichorium endivia} widely cultivated herb with leaves valued as salad green; either curly serrated leaves or broad flat ones that are usually blanched

{n: escape} a plant originally cultivated but now growing wild

{n: fallow} cultivated land that is not seeded for one or more growing seasons

{n: farming, agriculture, husbandry} the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

{n: farm} workplace consisting of farm buildings and cultivated land as a unit
"it takes several people to work the farm"

{n: fescue, fescue grass, meadow fescue, Festuca elatior} grass with wide flat leaves cultivated in Europe and America for permanent pasture and hay and for lawns

{n: fig marigold, pebble plant} any of several South African plants of the genus Mesembryanthemum cultivated for showy pink or white flowers

{n: fig, common fig, common fig tree, Ficus carica} Mediterranean tree widely cultivated for its edible fruit

{n: flamingo flower, flamingo plant, Anthurium andraeanum, Anthurium scherzerianum} commonly cultivated anthurium having bright scarlet spathe and spadix

{n: flat pea, narrow-leaved everlasting pea, Lathyrus sylvestris} European perennial with mottled flowers of purple and pink; sometimes cultivated for fodder or as green manure

{n: flax} plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem

{n: florest's cineraria, Pericallis hybrida} herb derived from Pericallis cruenta and widely cultivated in a variety of profusely flowering forms with florets from white to pink to red or purple or violet or blue

{n: florist's gloxinia, Sinningia speciosa, Gloxinia spesiosa} South American herb cultivated in many varieties as a houseplant for its large handsome leaves and large variously colored bell-shaped flowers

{n: flowering cherry} any of several shrubs or trees of the genus Prunus cultivated for their showy white or pink single or double blossoms

{n: flower} a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms

{n: forsythia} any of various early blooming oleaceous shrubs of the genus Forsythia; native to eastern Asia and southern Europe but widely cultivated for their branches of bright yellow bell-shaped flowers

{n: fox grape, Vitis labrusca} native grape of northeastern United States; origin of many cultivated varieties e.g. Concord grapes

{n: fox grape} purplish-black wild grape of the eastern United States with tough skins that slip easily from the flesh; cultivated in many varieties

{n: fuchsia} any of various tropical shrubs widely cultivated for their showy drooping purplish or reddish or white flowers; Central and South America and New Zealand and Tahiti

{n: garden angelica, archangel, Angelica Archangelica} a biennial cultivated herb; its stems are candied and eaten and its roots are used medicinally

{n: garden cress} cress cultivated for salads and garnishes

{n: garden strawberry, cultivated strawberry, Fragaria ananassa} widely cultivated

{n: garden} a plot of ground where plants are cultivated

{n: garden} the flowers or vegetables or fruits or herbs that are cultivated in a garden

{n: garland flower, Daphne cneorum} widely cultivated low evergreen shrub with dense clusters of fragrant pink to deep rose flowers

{n: gentianella, Gentiana acaulis} low-growing alpine plant cultivated for its dark glossy green leaves in basal rosettes and showy solitary bell-shaped blue flowers

{n: genus Anthurium} large genus of often epiphytic evergreen tropical American plants often cultivated as houseplants

{n: genus Aster} large genus of herbs widely cultivated for their daisylike flowers

{n: genus Begonia} large genus of tropical succulent plants widely cultivated

{n: genus Coleus} genus of Old World tropical plants cultivated for their variegated leaves; various plants sometimes placed in genera Plectranthus or Solenostemon

{n: genus Coreopsis} genus of American plants widely cultivated for their flowers

{n: genus Cosmos} genus of tropical American plants cultivated for their colorful flowers

{n: genus Cotoneaster} genus of deciduous or evergreen Old World shrubs widely cultivated

{n: genus Cyclamen} genus of widely cultivated flowering Eurasian herbs with centrally depressed rounded tubers and rounded heart-shaped leaves

{n: genus Ursinia} genus of South African herbs and shrubs cultivated as ornamentals

{n: giant taro, Alocasia macrorrhiza} large evergreen with extremely large erect or spreading leaves; cultivated widely in tropics for its edible rhizome and shoots; used in wet warm regions as a stately ornamental

{n: gladiolus, gladiola, glad, sword lily} any of numerous plants of the genus Gladiolus native chiefly to tropical and South Africa having sword-shaped leaves and one-sided spikes of brightly colored funnel-shaped flowers; widely cultivated

{n: gold of pleasure, Camelina sativa} annual European false flax having small white flowers; cultivated since Neolithic times as a source of fiber and for its oil-rich seeds; widely naturalized in North America

{n: golden polypody, serpent fern, rabbit's-foot fern, Phlebodium aureum, Polypodium aureum} tropical American fern with brown scaly rhizomes cultivated for its large deeply lobed deep bluish-green fronds; sometimes placed in genus Polypodium

{n: golden pothos, pothos, ivy arum, Epipremnum aureum, Scindapsus aureus} evergreen liana widely cultivated for its variegated foliage

{n: golden wattle, Acacia pycnantha} shrubby Australian tree having clusters of fragrant golden yellow flowers; widely cultivated as an ornamental

{n: goldfields, Lasthenia chrysostoma} small slender woolly annual with very narrow opposite leaves and branches bearing solitary golden-yellow flower heads; southwestern Oregon to Baja California and Arizona; often cultivated

{n: governor's plum, governor plum, Madagascar plum, ramontchi, batoko palm, Flacourtia indica} small shrubby tree of Madagascar cultivated in tropical regions as a hedge plant and for its deep red acid fruits resembling small plums

{n: grain sorghum} any of several sorghums cultivated primarily for grain

{n: granadilla, purple granadillo, Passiflora edulis} Brazilian passionflower cultivated for its deep purple fruit

{n: great burdock, greater burdock, cocklebur, Arctium lappa} burdock having heart-shaped leaves found in open woodland, hedgerows and rough grassland of Europe (except extreme N) and Asia Minor; sometimes cultivated for medicinal and culinary use

{n: green bean} a common bean plant cultivated for its slender green edible pods

{n: ground cherry, husk tomato} any of numerous cosmopolitan annual or perennial herbs of the genus Physalis bearing edible fleshy berries enclosed in a bladderlike husk; some cultivated for their flowers

{n: grove, woodlet, orchard, plantation} garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth

{n: guava, true guava, guava bush, Psidium guajava} small tropical American shrubby tree; widely cultivated in warm regions for its sweet globular yellow fruit

{n: guayule, Parthenium argentatum} much-branched subshrub with silvery leaves and small white flowers of Texas and northern Mexico; cultivated as a source of rubber

{n: guinea gold vine, guinea flower} any of several Australasian evergreen vines widely cultivated in warm regions for their large bright yellow single flowers

{n: hairy vetch, hairy tare, Vicia villosa} European vetch much cultivated as forage and cover crops

{n: head cabbage, head cabbage plant, Brassica oleracea capitata} any of various cultivated cabbage plants having a short thick stalk and large compact head of edible usually green leaves

{n: heart cherry, oxheart, oxheart cherry} any of several cultivated sweet cherries having sweet juicy heart-shaped fruits

{n: heliophila} any of various South African herbs and subshrubs cultivated for long showy racemes of bright blue flowers with white eyes

{n: high-bush blueberry, tall bilberry, swamp blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum} high-growing deciduous shrub of eastern North America bearing edible blueish to blackish berries with a distinct bloom; source of most cultivated blueberries

{n: hippeastrum, Hippeastrum puniceum} amaryllis of tropical America often cultivated as a houseplant for its showy white to red flowers

{n: hollyhock} any of various tall plants of the genus Alcea; native to the Middle East but widely naturalized and cultivated for its very large variously colored flowers

{n: homestead} land acquired from the United States public lands by filing a record and living on and cultivating it under the homestead law

{n: honesty, silver dollar, money plant, satin flower, satinpod, Lunaria annua} southeastern European plant cultivated for its fragrant purplish flowers and round flat papery silver-white seedpods that are used for indoor decoration

{n: horse gram, horse grain, poor man's pulse, Macrotyloma uniflorum, Dolichos biflorus} twining herb of Old World tropics cultivated in India for food and fodder; sometimes placed in genus Dolichos

{n: horseradish, horse radish, red cole, Armoracia rusticana} coarse Eurasian plant cultivated for its thick white pungent root

{n: horticulturist, plantsman} an expert in the science of cultivating plants (fruit or flowers or vegetables or ornamental plants)

{n: hyssop, Hyssopus officinalis} a European mint with aromatic and pungent leaves used in perfumery and as a seasoning in cookery; often cultivated as a remedy for bruises; yields hyssop oil

{n: immortelle, Xeranthemum annuum} mostly widely cultivated species of everlasting flowers having usually purple flowers; southern Europe to Iran; naturalized elsewhere

{n: inga} any tree or shrub of the genus Inga having pinnate leaves and showy usually white flowers; cultivated as ornamentals

{n: ivy geranium, ivy-leaved geranium, hanging geranium, Pelargonium peltatum} a commonly cultivated trailing South American plant with peltate leaves and rosy flowers

{n: jackfruit, jackfruit tree, Artocarpus heterophyllus} East Indian tree cultivated for its immense edible fruit and seeds

{n: japonica, Camellia japonica} greenhouse shrub with glossy green leaves and showy fragrant roselike flowers; cultivated in many varieties

{n: jonquil, Narcissus jonquilla} widely cultivated ornamental plant native to southern Europe but naturalized elsewhere having fragrant yellow or white clustered flowers

{n: kangaroo apple, poroporo, Solanum aviculare} Australian annual sometimes cultivated for its racemes of purple flowers and edible yellow egg-shaped fruit

{n: kapuka, Griselinia littoralis} small New Zealand broadleaf evergreen tree often cultivated in warm regions as an ornamental

{n: ketembilla, kitembilla, kitambilla, ketembilla tree, Ceylon gooseberry, Dovyalis hebecarpa} a small shrubby spiny tree cultivated for its maroon-purple fruit with sweet purple pulp tasting like gooseberries; Sri Lanka and India

{n: kohleria} shrubby herb cultivated for their soft velvety foliage and showy scarlet flowers

{n: kohlrabi, Brassica oleracea gongylodes} plant cultivated for its enlarged fleshy turnip-shaped edible stem

{n: lady palm} any of several small palms of the genus Rhapis; cultivated as houseplants

{n: lady's slipper, lady-slipper, ladies' slipper, slipper orchid} any of several chiefly American wildflowers having an inflated pouchlike lip; difficult or impossible to cultivate in the garden

{n: larkspur} any of numerous cultivated plants of the genus Delphinium

{n: lavender} any of various Old World aromatic shrubs or subshrubs with usually mauve or blue flowers; widely cultivated

{n: lawn} a field of cultivated and mowed grass

{n: lemon, lemon tree, Citrus limon} a small evergreen tree that originated in Asia but is widely cultivated for its fruit

{n: lentil, lentil plant, Lens culinaris} widely cultivated Eurasian annual herb grown for its edible flattened seeds that are cooked like peas and also ground into meal and for its leafy stalks that are used as fodder

{n: leopard's-bane, leopardbane} any of several herbs of the genus Doronicum having alternate often clasping stem leaves cultivated for their long stalks of yellow flower heads

{n: licorice, liquorice, Glycyrrhiza glabra} deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots

{n: litchi, lichee, litchi tree, Litchi chinensis, Nephelium litchi} Chinese tree cultivated especially in Philippines and India for its edible fruit; sometimes placed in genus Nephelium

{n: lotus, Indian lotus, sacred lotus, Nelumbo nucifera} native to eastern Asia; widely cultivated for its large pink or white flowers

{n: lovage, Levisticum officinale} herb native to southern Europe; cultivated for its edible stalks and foliage and seeds

{n: lygaeid, lygaeid bug} a true bug: usually bright-colored; pest of cultivated crops and some fruit trees

{n: macadamia nut, macadamia nut tree, Macadamia ternifolia} small Australian tree with racemes of pink flowers; widely cultivated (especially in Hawaii) for its sweet edible nuts

{n: mahoe, majagua, mahagua, balibago, purau, Hibiscus tiliaceus} shrubby tree widely distributed along tropical shores; yields a light tough wood used for canoe outriggers and a fiber used for cordage and caulk; often cultivated for ornament

{n: mangel-wurzel} cultivated as feed for livestock

{n: mango, mango tree, Mangifera indica} large evergreen tropical tree cultivated for its large oval fruit

{n: marigold} any of various tropical American plants of the genus Tagetes widely cultivated for their showy yellow or orange flowers

{n: mastic, mastic tree, lentisk, Pistacia lentiscus} an evergreen shrub of the Mediterranean region that is cultivated for its resin

{n: matilija poppy, California tree poppy, Romneya coulteri} tall branching subshrub of California and Mexico often cultivated for its silvery-blue foliage and large fragrant white flowers

{n: maxillaria} any of numerous orchids of the genus Maxillaria often cultivated for their large brilliantly colored solitary flowers

{n: meadow foxtail, Alopecurus pratensis} stout erect perennial grass of northern parts of Old World having silky flowering spikes; widely cultivated for pasture and hay; naturalized in North America

{n: meadow mushroom, field mushroom, Agaricus campestris} common edible mushroom found naturally in moist open soil; the cultivated mushroom of commerce

{n: medlar, medlar tree, Mespilus germanica} small deciduous Eurasian tree cultivated for its fruit that resemble crab apples

{n: metasequoia, dawn redwood, Metasequoia glyptostrodoides} large fast-growing Chinese monoecious tree having flat bright-green deciduous leaves and small globular cones; commonly cultivated in United States as an ornamental; known as a fossil before being discovered in China

{n: mignonette, sweet reseda, Reseda odorata} Mediterranean woody annual widely cultivated for its dense terminal spikelike clusters greenish or yellowish white flowers having an intense spicy fragrance

{n: morello, Prunus cerasus austera} any of several cultivated sour cherry trees bearing fruit with dark skin and juice

{n: morello} cultivated sour cherry with dark-colored skin and juice

{n: moss pink, mountain phlox, moss phlox, dwarf phlox, Phlox subulata} low tufted perennial phlox with needlelike evergreen leaves and pink or white flowers; native to United States and widely cultivated as a ground cover

{n: mossy saxifrage, Saxifraga hypnoides} tufted or mat-forming perennial of mountains of Europe; cultivated for its white flowers

{n: mother-in-law's tongue, snake plant, Sansevieria trifasciata} stemless plant having narrow rigid leaves often cultivated as a houseplant

{n: mullein pink, rose campion, gardener's delight, dusty miller, Lychnis coronaria} an old cottage garden plant of southeastern Europe widely cultivated for its attractive white woolly foliage and showy crimson flowers

{n: mung, mung bean, green gram, golden gram, Vigna radiata, Phaseolus aureus} erect bushy annual widely cultivated in warm regions of India and Indonesia and United States for forage and especially its edible seeds; chief source of bean sprouts used in Chinese cookery; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus

{n: muscadine, Vitis rotundifolia} native grape of southeastern United States; origin of many cultivated varieties

{n: muscat, muskat} any of several cultivated grapevines that produce sweet white grapes

{n: myrtle, Vinca minor} widely cultivated as a groundcover for its dark green shiny leaves and usually blue-violet flowers

{n: nameko, viscid mushroom, Pholiota nameko} one of the most important fungi cultivated in Japan

{n: naranjilla, Solanum quitoense} small perennial shrub cultivated in uplands of South America for its edible bright orange fruits resembling tomatoes or oranges

{n: northern holly fern, Polystichum lonchitis} evergreen European fern widely cultivated

{n: nut-leaved screw tree, Helicteres isora} East Indian shrub often cultivated for its hairy leaves and orange-red flowers

{n: nutmeg, nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans} East Indian tree widely cultivated in the tropics for its aromatic seed; source of two spices: nutmeg and mace

{n: oca, oka, Oxalis tuberosa, Oxalis crenata} South American wood sorrel cultivated for its edible tubers

{n: okra, gumbo, okra plant, lady's-finger, Abelmoschus esculentus, Hibiscus esculentus} tall coarse annual of Old World tropics widely cultivated in southern United States and West Indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus

{n: oleander, rose bay, Nerium oleander} an ornamental but poisonous flowering shrub having narrow evergreen leaves and clusters of fragrant white to pink or red flowers: native to East Indies but widely cultivated in warm regions

{n: olive tree} a tree of the genus Olea cultivated for its fruit

{n: olive, European olive tree, Olea europaea} evergreen tree cultivated in the Mediterranean region since antiquity and now elsewhere; has edible shiny black fruits

{n: onion, onion plant, Allium cepa} bulbous plant having hollow leaves cultivated worldwide for its rounded edible bulb

{n: oriental cherry, Japanese cherry, Japanese flowering cherry, Prunus serrulata} ornamental tree with inedible fruits widely cultivated in many varieties for its white blossoms

{n: oriental poppy, Papaver orientale} commonly cultivated Asiatic perennial poppy having stiff heavily haired leaves and bright scarlet or pink to orange flowers

{n: para rubber tree, caoutchouc tree, Hevea brasiliensis} deciduous tree of the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers having leathery leaves and fragrant yellow-white flowers; the rubber tree usually cultivated in plantations; chief source of Para rubber

{n: parsnip, Pastinaca sativa} a strong-scented plant cultivated for its edible root

{n: parsnip} the whitish root of cultivated parsnip

{n: peach, peach tree, Prunus persica} cultivated in temperate regions

{n: peanut, peanut vine, Arachis hypogaea} widely cultivated American plant cultivated in tropical and warm regions; showy yellow flowers on stalks that bend over to the soil so that seed pods ripen underground

{n: pear, pear tree, Pyrus communis} Old World tree having sweet gritty-textured juicy fruit; widely cultivated in many varieties

{n: pecan, pecan tree, Carya illinoensis, Carya illinoinsis} tree of southern United States and Mexico cultivated for its nuts

{n: peony, paeony} any of numerous plants widely cultivated for their showy single or double red or pink or white flowers

{n: perennial ryegrass, English ryegrass, Lolium perenne} European perennial grass widely cultivated for pasture and hay and as a lawn grass

{n: periwinkle, rose periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle, old maid, Cape periwinkle, red periwinkle, cayenne jasmine, Catharanthus roseus, Vinca rosea} commonly cultivated Old World woody herb having large pinkish to red flowers

{n: pheasant's-eye, Adonis annua} Eurasian herb cultivated for its deep red flowers with dark centers

{n: phlox} any polemoniaceous plant of the genus Phlox; chiefly North American; cultivated for their clusters of flowers

{n: pia, Indian arrowroot, Tacca leontopetaloides, Tacca pinnatifida} perennial herb of East Indies to Polynesia and Australia; cultivated for its large edible root yielding Otaheite arrowroot starch

{n: pie plant, garden rhubarb, Rheum cultorum, Rheum rhabarbarum, Rheum rhaponticum} long cultivated hybrid of Rheum palmatum; stems often cooked in pies or as sauce or preserves

{n: pigeon pea, pigeon-pea plant, cajan pea, catjang pea, red gram, dhal, dahl, Cajanus cajan} tropical woody herb with showy yellow flowers and flat pods; much cultivated in the tropics

{n: pineapple, ananas} large sweet fleshy tropical fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated

{n: pineapple, pineapple plant, Ananas comosus} a tropical American plant bearing a large fleshy edible fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated in the tropics

{n: pink, garden pink} any of various flowers of plants of the genus Dianthus cultivated for their fragrant flowers

{n: plant hopper, planthopper} related to the leafhoppers and spittlebugs but rarely damages cultivated plants

{n: plum-yew} any of several evergreen trees and shrubs of eastern Asia resembling yew and having large seeds enclosed in a fleshy envelope; sometimes cultivated as ornamentals

{n: plume poppy, bocconia, Macleaya cordata} herb of China and Japan widely cultivated for its plumelike panicles of creamy white flowers

{n: pomologist} someone versed in pomology or someone who cultivates fruit trees

{n: pomology} the branch of botany that studies and cultivates fruits

{n: portia tree, bendy tree, seaside mahoe, Thespesia populnea} pantropical tree of usually seacoasts sometimes cultivated as an ornamental for its rounded heart-shaped leaves and showy yellow and purple flowers; yields valuable pink to dark red close-grained wood and oil from its seeds

{n: pot, flowerpot} a container in which plants are cultivated

{n: potato tree, Brazilian potato tree, Solanum wrightii, Solanum macranthum} South American shrub or small tree widely cultivated in the tropics; not a true potato

{n: potato, white potato, white potato vine, Solanum tuberosum} annual native to South America having underground stolons bearing edible starchy tubers; widely cultivated as a garden vegetable; vines are poisonous

{n: pride of California, Lathyrus splendens} shrubby California perennial having large pink or violet flowers; cultivated as an ornamental

{n: pumpkin, pumpkin vine, autumn pumpkin, Cucurbita pepo} a coarse vine widely cultivated for its large pulpy round orange fruit with firm orange skin and numerous seeds; subspecies of Cucurbita pepo include the summer squashes and a few autumn squashes

{n: queen of the night, Selenicereus grandiflorus} tropical American climbing cactus having triangular branches; often cultivated for its large showy night-blooming flowers followed by yellow red-streaked fruits

{n: quince, quince bush, Cydonia oblonga} small Asian tree with pinkish flowers and pear-shaped fruit; widely cultivated

{n: radish, Raphanus sativus} Eurasian plant widely cultivated for its edible pungent root usually eaten raw

{n: radish} pungent edible root of any of various cultivated radish plants

{n: ramie, ramee, Chinese silk plant, China grass, Boehmeria nivea} tall perennial herb of tropical Asia with dark green leaves; cultivated for the fiber from its woody stems that resembles flax

{n: rape, colza, Brassica napus} Eurasian plant cultivated for its seed and as a forage crop

{n: rattail cactus, rat's-tail cactus, Aporocactus flagelliformis} commonly cultivated tropical American cactus having slender creeping stems and very large showy crimson flowers that bloom for several days

{n: red currant, garden current, Ribes rubrum} cultivated European current bearing small edible red berries

{n: red-hot poker, Kniphofia praecox} widely cultivated hybrid poker plant

{n: rocket larkspur, Consolida ambigua, Delphinium ajacis} commonly cultivated larkspur of southern Europe having unbranched spikelike racemes of blue or sometimes purplish or pinkish flowers; sometime placed in genus Delphinium

{n: rose apple, rose-apple tree, jambosa, Eugenia jambos} tropical tree of the East Indies cultivated for its edible fruit

{n: rose moss, sun plant, Portulaca grandiflora} widely cultivated in many varieties for its fleshy mosslike foliage and profusion of brightly colored flowers

{n: rose of Sharon, Hibiscus syriacus} Asiatic shrub or small shrubby tree having showy bell-shaped rose or purple or white flowers and usually three-lobed leaves; widely cultivated in temperate North America and Europe

{n: rosebud cherry, winter flowering cherry, Prunus subhirtella} shrub or tree native to Japan cultivated as an ornamental for its rose-pink flowers

{n: roselle, rozelle, sorrel, red sorrel, Jamaica sorrel, Hibiscus sabdariffa} East Indian sparsely prickly annual herb or perennial subshrub widely cultivated for its fleshy calyxes used in tarts and jelly and for its bast fiber

{n: rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis} widely cultivated for its fragrant grey-green leaves used in cooking and in perfumery

{n: rye, Secale cereale} hardy annual cereal grass widely cultivated in northern Europe where its grain is the chief ingredient of black bread and in North America for forage and soil improvement

{n: sand leek, giant garlic, Spanish garlic, rocambole, Allium scorodoprasum} European leek cultivated and used like leeks

{n: scarlet plume, Euphorbia fulgens} Mexican shrub often cultivated for its scarlet-bracted flowers

{n: scentless camomile, scentless false camomile, scentless mayweed, scentless hayweed, corn mayweed, Tripleurospermum inodorum, Matricaria inodorum} ubiquitous European annual weed with white flowers and finely divided leaves naturalized and sometimes cultivated in eastern North America; sometimes included in genus Matricaria

{n: sheep fescue, sheep's fescue, Festuca ovina} cultivated for sheep pasturage in upland regions or used as a lawn grass

{n: shellflower, shall-flower, shell ginger, Alpinia Zerumbet, Alpinia speciosa, Languas speciosa} cultivated for its shining oblong leaves and arching clusters of white flowers with pink shading and crinkled yellow lips with variegated magenta stripes

{n: sieva bean, butter bean, butter-bean plant, lima bean, Phaseolus lunatus} bush bean plant cultivated especially in southern United States having small flat edible seeds

{n: silk vine, Periploca graeca} deciduous climber for arches and fences having ill-scented but interesting flowers and poisonous yellow fruits; cultivated for its dark shining foliage; southeastern Europe to Asia Minor

{n: silver lime, silver linden, Tilia tomentosa} large tree native to eastern Europe and Asia Minor having leaves with white tomentum on the under side; widely cultivated as an ornamental

{n: singletary pea, Caley pea, rough pea, wild winterpea, Lathyrus hirsutus} a weak-stemmed winter annual native to Mediterranean region for long established in southern United States; cultivated as a cover and pasture crop

{n: skirret, Sium sisarum} an Asiatic herb cultivated in Europe for its sweet edible tuberous root

{n: slender wheatgrass, Agropyron trachycaulum, Agropyron pauciflorum, Elymus trachycaulos} North American grass cultivated in western United States as excellent forage crop

{n: small-leaved linden, small-leaved lime, Tilia cordata} large spreading European linden with small dark green leaves; often cultivated as an ornamental

{n: snailflower, snail-flower, snail flower, snail bean, corkscrew flower, Vigna caracalla, Phaseolus caracalla} perennial tropical American vine cultivated for its racemes of showy yellow and purple flowers having the corolla keel coiled like a snail shell; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus

{n: soft shield fern, Polystichum setiferum} European shield fern cultivated in many varieties

{n: soft tree fern, Dicksonia antarctica} of Australia and Tasmania; often cultivated; hardy in cool climates

{n: sorgo, sorgho, sweet sorghum, sugar sorghum} any of several sorghums cultivated as a source of syrup

{n: southern live oak, Quercus virginiana} medium-sized evergreen native to eastern North America to the east coast of Mexico; often cultivated as shade tree for it wide-spreading crown; extremely hard tough durable wood once used in shipbuilding

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