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contend

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contend [ kən'tend] vi.竞争 vt.坚决主张

The best evidence for the layered mantle thesis is the well-established fact that volcanic rocks found on oceanic islands, islands believed to result from mantle plumes arising from the lower mantle, are composed of material fundamentally different from that of the midocean ridge system, whose source, most geologists contend, is the upper mantle.
分层地幔的最好证据就是在海岛上发现的火山岩这一明显的事实。岛屿被认为是从低层地幔升起的地柱形成的,它构成的基本成份与海中的山脊系统根本不同,许多地质学家认为它起源于上层地幔。

Histories make men wise; poems witty; the mathematics subtle; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend.
Francis Bacon, British Philosopher
历史使人明智;诗词使人灵秀;数学使人周密;自然哲学使人深刻;伦理使人庄重;逻辑辞学使人善辩。
英国哲学家培根.F.

竞 [jìng] /to compete/to contend/to struggle/

抗衡 [kàng héng] /contend against/

力争 [lì zhēng] /work hard for/do all one can to/contend strongly/

争论 [zhēng lùn] /to argue/to debate/to contend/argument/contention/controversy/debate/

Nancy Dubler, director of Montefiore Medical Center, contends that the principle will shield doctors who "until now have very, very strongly insisted that they could not give patients sufficient mediation to control their pain if that might hasten death."
蒙特非奥里医疗中心主任南希·都博勒认为,这项原则将消除部分医生的疑虑,这些医生在此之前一直强烈地认为,如果给病人充分的药品来止痛会加速他们的死亡的话工那就不能这样做。

{adj: contending} striving or struggling in rivalry or battle
"contending armies"
"two contending parties"

{adj: nonaddictive} not causing or characterized by addiction
"for years tobacco companies have contended that tobacco is nonaddictive"
<-> addictive

{n: agon} a festivity in ancient Greece at which competitors contended for prizes

{v: argue, contend, debate, fence} have an argument about something

{v: battle, combat} battle or contend against in or as if in a battle
"The Kurds are combating Iraqi troops in Nothern Iraq"
"We must combat the prejudices against other races"
"they battled over the budget"

{v: compete, vie, contend} compete for something ; engage in a contest ; measure oneself against others

{v: contend, postulate} maintain or assert
"He contended that Communism had no future"

{v: contest, contend, repugn} to make the subject of dispute, contention, or litigation
"They contested the outcome of the race"

{v: cope, get by, make out, make do, contend, grapple, deal, manage} come to terms or deal successfully with
"We got by on just a gallon of gas"
"They made do on half a loaf of bread every day"

{v: meet, encounter, play, take on} contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle
"Princeton plays Yale this weekend"
"Charlie likes to play Mary"

" Outside Providence " has a sadistic housemaster, a hidebound headmaster, a geeky roommate and duplicitous pal to contend with, and the prettiest girl on campus( Amy Smart) to woo, ruin and redeem.
这部影片中出现了虐待成性的舍监,刻板的校长,古怪的室友,满口鬼话的家伙和众人追求、糟蹋但最终被解救出来的校花(艾米·斯玛特饰)。

Thus, the Handlins contend, Black and White servants, heretofore treated alike, each attained a different status.
这样一来,汉德林夫妇论辩说,对于在此之间待遇相当的黑人佣人和白人佣人来说,每一种人获得了一种不同的地位。

The best evidence for the layered-mantle thesis is the well-established fact that volcanic rocks found on oceanic islands, islands believed to result from mantle plumes arising from the lower mantle, are composed of material fundamentally different from that of the midocean ridge system, whose source, most geologists contend, is the upper mantle.
对于地幔分层论点来说,最好的证据乃这样一个确认的事实,即在那些海洋岛屿——这些岛屿据信是源于由下层地幔升上来的地幔柱状溶岩流(mantle plume)——上发现的火山岩石,是由与海洋中部山脊系统的物质根本不同的物质构成的,而这一海洋中部山脊系统的成因,大多数地质学家论辩道,为上部地幔。


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