英语学习词典
  

collision

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collision [ kə'liʒ(ə)n] n.碰撞;冲突

collision [kə'liʒən] n. 碰撞,冲突

collision [ kə'liʒ(ə)n] n.碰撞,冲突

collision [kə'liʒ(ə)n] 冲突

交通规则 traffic regulation
路标 guide post
里程碑 milestone
停车标志 mark car stop
红绿灯 traffic light
自动红绿灯 automatic traffic signal light
红灯 red light
绿灯 green light
黄灯 amber light
交通岗 traffic post
岗亭 police box
交通警 traffic police
打手势 pantomime
单行线 single line
双白线 double white lines
双程线dual carriage-way
斑马线 zebra stripes
划路线机 traffic line marker
交通干线 artery traffic
车行道 carriage-way
辅助车道 lane auxiliary
双车道 two-way traffic
自行车通行 cyclists only
单行道 one way only
窄路 narrow road
潮湿路滑 slippery when wet
陡坡 steep hill
不平整路 rough road
弯路 curve road ; bend road
连续弯路 winding road
之字路 double bend road
之字公路 switch back road
下坡危险 dangerous down grade
道路交叉点 road junction
十字路 cross road
左转 turn left
右转 turn right
靠左 keep left
靠右 keep right
慢驶 slow
速度 speed
超速 excessive speed
速度限制 speed limit
恢复速度 resume speed
禁止通行 no through traffic
此路不通 blocked
不准驶入 no entry
不准超越 keep in line ; no overhead
不准掉头 no turns
让车道 passing bay
回路 loop
安全岛 safety island
停车处 parking place
停私人车 private car park
只停公用车 public car only
不准停车 restricted stop
不准滞留 restricted waiting
临街停车 parking on-street
街外停车 parking off-street
街外卸车 loading off-street
当心行人 caution pedestrian crossing
当心牲畜 caution animals
前面狭桥 narrow bridge ahead
拱桥 hump bridge
火车栅 level crossing
修路 road works
医院 hospital
儿童 children
学校 school
寂静地带 silent zone
非寂静地带 silent zone ends
交通管理 traffic control
人山人海 crowded conditions
拥挤的人 jam-packed with people
交通拥挤 traffic jam
水泄不通 overwhelm
顺挤 extrusion direct
冲挤 extrusion impact
推挤 shoved
挨身轻推 nudging
让路 give way
粗心行人 careless pedestrian
犯交通罪 committing traffic offences
执照被记违章 endorsed on driving license
危险驾驶 dangerous driving
粗心驾车 careless driving
无教员而驾驶 driving without an instructor
无证驾驶 driving without license
未经车主同意 without the owner's consent
无第三方保险 without third-party insurance
未挂学字牌 driving without a "L" plate
安全第一 safety first
轻微碰撞 slight impact
迎面相撞 head-on collision
相撞 collided
连环撞 a chain collision
撞车 crash
辗过 run over
肇事逃跑司机 hit-run driver
冲上人行道 drive onto the pavement

Collision test 碰撞试验,撞车试验

碰撞
collision (crash,impact)

正碰撞
frontal collision (frontal impact)

侧碰撞
side collision (side impact)

后碰撞
rear collision (rear impact)

擦碰撞
sidewipe collision

碰撞方向
collision direction

碰撞角度
collision angle

碰撞轴线排列
collision axis alignment

{adj: frontal, head-on} meeting front to front
"a frontal attack"
"a head-on collision"

{adj: slam-bang} violent and sudden and noisy
"a slam-bang collision"

{n: air bag} a safety restraint in an automobile; the bag inflates on collision and prevents the driver or passenger from being thrown forward

{n: blow, bump} an impact (as from a collision)
"the bump threw him off the bicycle"

{n: closing, closure} approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap
"the ship's rapid rate of closing gave them little time to avoid a collision"

{n: collision course} a course of a moving object that will lead to a collision if it continues unchanged

{n: collision course} a course of action (following a given idea) that will lead to conflict if it continues unabated

{n: collision, hit} (physics) an brief event in which two or more bodies come together
"the collision of the particles resulted in an exchange of energy and a change of direction"

{n: collision} a conflict of opposed ideas or attitudes or goals
"a collision of interests"

{n: collision} an accident resulting from violent impact of a moving object
"three passengers were killed in the collision"
"the collision of the two ships resulted in a serious oil spill"

{n: cosmic ray} highly penetrating ionizing radiation of extraterrestrial origin; consisting chiefly of protons and alpha particles; collision with atmospheric particles results in rays and particles of many kinds

{n: fender-bender} a collision between motor vehicles that produces minor damage

{n: impingement, impaction} a sharp collision produced by striking or dashing against something

{n: kaon, kappa-meson, k-meson, K particle} an unstable meson produced as the result of a high-energy particle collision

{n: near miss} an accidental collision that is narrowly avoided

{n: pileup} multiple collisions of vehicles

{n: pion, pi-meson} a meson involved in holding the nucleus together; produced as the result of high-energy particle collision

{n: scattering} the physical process in which particles are deflected haphazardly as a result of collisions

{n: slapstick} a boisterous comedy with chases and collisions and practical jokes

{n: smash, smash-up} a serious collision (especially of motor vehicles)

{n: wind} breath
"the collision knocked the wind out of him"

{v: bilge} cause to leak
"the collision bilged the vessel"

{v: kill} cause the death of, without intention
"She was killed in the collision of three cars"

It may be that random collisions between atoms built up macromolecules that could reproduce themselves and assemble themselves into more complicated structures.
可能是原子之间的无序碰撞产生了大分子,这些大分子能复制自己并聚集成更加复杂的结构。

Drivers in the near future will navigate from their home to the nearest freeway entrance ramp, at which point the collision-detection computer will take over.
在不远的将来,开车人将驾驶汽车从家里奔上最近的高速公路入口斜坡处,到这里之後就由防撞计算接管。

These influences range from the number of mirrors in a store to whether the aisles are wide enough to avoid embarrassing shopper collisions.
这些因素包括商店中镜子的数量,过道是否宽敞以避免购物者尴尬的碰撞等等。

Nothing screams artifice so much as the collision of the reel and the real.
当电影与真实发生碰撞之后,各种技巧就会随之而来。

If these exchanges are below one electron volt, such as in the collisions between molecules of the air in a room, then atoms and molecules can be regarded as elementary particles.
假如这些交换低于一个电子伏特(electron volt)的话,例如房间内的空气分子之间发生碰撞,那么,原子和分子即可被视作基本粒子(elementary particle)。

That is, they have "conditional elementarity" because they keep their identity and do not change in any collisions or in other processes at these low energy exchanges.
换言之,它们具有“有条件的基本性”,因为它们保持其原有身份,在任何这类低能量交换的碰撞或其它过程中保持不变。

Other theorists propose that the Moon was ripped out of the Earth's rocky mantle by the Earth's collision with another large celestial body after much of the Earth's iron fell to its core.
其他的理论家提出,在地球的大部分铁沉入到地核之后,由于地球与另一个庞大的天体发生碰撞,月亮便从地球那石质的地幔中撕裂开来而形成的。

One problem with the collision hypothesis is the question of how a satellite formed in this way could have settled into the nearly circular orbit that the Moon has today.
有关碰撞假说的一个疑问是这样一个问题,即以这种方式形成的一颗卫星是如何能够进入月亮今天所拥有的那种近乎圆形的轨道。

Fortunately, the collision hypothesis is testable.
If it is true, the mantlerocks of the Moon and the Earth should be the same geochemically.
值得庆幸的是,碰撞假设是可以检验的,倘若它果真确凿无疑的话,则月亮和地球的风化层,其地质化学成分应是全然一致的。

Astronomers believe the star's magnetic field caused the outburst, but do not understand how. One possibility is that the blast was like an ultra-powerful solar flare. This is where a magnetic field changes shape and bumps into itself. Since magnetic fields cause electrical currents, such a collision could have caused a monumental short circuit visible from Earth.
天文学家认为,这种星球的磁场导致了爆炸的发生,但是,他们不明白是如何发生的。一种可能的原因是这种爆炸很像有超级能量的太阳耀斑。这就是磁星的磁场改变了形状然后向本身内部撞击。因此磁场产生了电流,这样的碰撞可以导致强烈的短路并且可在地球上看到。

B.B.clause Both to blame collision clause 船舶互撞条款

marine insurance policy including "both ot blame" collision clauses and fully covering the shipment
海运保险单包括负责船舶互撞条款和全部货载

Collision 碰撞, 靠岸

spsc-25172105
Collision avoidance systems
防碰撞系统

4.
Where transport accident descriptions do not indicate the victim's role,
such as:
airplane-accident collision crash wreck NOS
bicycle-accident collision crash wreck NOS
boat-accident collision crash wreck NOS
bulldozer-accident collision crash wreck NOS
bus-accident collision crash wreck NOS
car-accident collision crash wreck NOS
motorcycle-accident collision crash wreck NOS
motorized tricycle-accident collision crash wreck NOS
pick-up (truck) -accident collision crash wreck NOS
recreational vehicle-accident collision crash wreck NOS
spacecraft-accident collision crash wreck NOS
streetcar-accident collision crash wreck NOS
tractor-accident collision crash wreck NOS
train-accident collision crash wreck NOS
tram-accident collision crash wreck NOS
truck-accident collision crash wreck NOS
van-accident collision crash wreck NOS
watercraft-accident collision crash wreck NOS
classify the victim as an occupant or rider of the vehicle mentioned.
If more than one vehicle is mentioned, do not make any assumption as to which vehicle was
occupied by the victim unless the vehicles are the same. Instead, code to the appropriate
categories V87-V88, V90-V94, V95-V97, taking into account the order of precedence given in
note 2 above.
当运输事故的叙述中并未指出受害者的角色 , 例如

飞机-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
自行车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
船-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
推土机-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
公共汽车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示

汽车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
摩托车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
机动化叁轮车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未
明示者
卡车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
娱乐用交通工具-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他
未明示者
太空船-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
有轨电车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示

牵引机-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
火车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
矿车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
卡车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
箱型车-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
船舶-意外事故、相撞、坠毁、失事其他未明示者
则将受害者的角色归类於所提到交通工具之乘员或
骑士。
若所提到的交通工具不只一部 , 也不要去假设到底
受害者所搭来的是那一部交通工具 , 除非所有的交
通工具都是同一种类。我们反而应给予其适当类别
V87-V88 , V90-V94 , V95-V97 中的代码 , 并参考先前注 2 注意事
项的优先顺序。

5.
Where a transport accident, such as:
vehicle (motor)(nonmotor):
. failing to make curve
. going out of control (due to):
. burst tyre [blowout]
. driver falling asleep
. driver inattention
. excessive speed
. failure of mechanical part
resulted in a subsequent collision, classify the accident as a collision. If an accident
other than a collision resulted, classify it as a noncollision accident according to the
vehicle type involved.
例如下列的运输事故 :
交通工具 ( 机动 ) ( 非机动 ) :
. 无法转弯
. ( 肇因於 ) 失控 :
. 爆胎〔车胎爆裂〕
. 驾驶员打瞌睡
. 驾驶员的疏忽
. 超速
. 机件失灵
导致其後的相撞 , 则将此意外事故归类於相撞事故
。若意外事故并非由相撞所引起 , 则根据其涉及的
交通工具种类 , 将其归类於非相撞事故。

6.
Where a transport accident involving a vehicle in motion, such as:
accidental poisoning from exhaust gas generated by — vehicle in motion
breakage of any part of — vehicle in motion
explosion of any part of — vehicle in motion
fall, jump or being accidentally pushed from — vehicle in motion
fire starting in — vehicle in motion
hit by object thrown into or onto — vehicle in motion
injured by being thrown against some part of, or object in — vehicle in motion
injury from moving part of — vehicle in motion
object falling in or on — vehicle in motion
resulted in a subsequent collision, classify the accident as a collision. If an accident
other than a collision resulted, classify it as a noncollision accident according to the
vehicle type involved.
若运输事故涉及行驶中的交通工具 , 例如 : 因行驶
中的交通工具
其所排放废气而意外中毒
其任何部分之破损
其任何部分之爆破
从其上跌落、跳下或被意外推落
其失火
被抛掷物打中
被某部分或其中的零件碰撞而受伤
因移动其某部份而受伤
被掉落物所伤
导致其後的相撞 , 则将此意外事故归类於相撞事故
。若意外事故并非由相撞所引起 , 则根据所涉及交
通工具种类 , 将其归类於非相撞事故。

7.
Land transport accidents described as:
collision (due to loss of control)(on highway) between vehicle and:
abutment (bridge)(overpass) are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.-
and V77.-
fallen stone are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- and V77.-
guard rail or boundary fence are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.-
and V77.-
inter-highway divider are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- and
V77.-
landslide (not moving) are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- and
V77.-
object thrown in front of motor vehicle are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- ,
V57.- , V67.- and V77.-
safety island are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- and V77.-
tree are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- and V77.-
traffic sign or marker (temporary) are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- ,
V67.- and V77.-
utility pole are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- and V77.-
wall of cut made for road are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.-
and V77.-
other object, fixed, movable or moving are included in V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- ,
V57.- , V67.- and V77.-
overturning (without collision) are included in V18.-, V28.-, V38, V48.-, V58.-, V68.-,
and V78.-
collision with animal (herded)(unattended) are included in V10.-, V20.-, V30.-, V40.-,
V50.-, V60.- and V70.-
collision with animal-drawn vehicle or animal being ridden are included in V16.-, V26.-,
V36.-, V46.-, V56.-, V66.- and V76.-
陆路运输事故被描述为 :
相撞 ( 肇因於失控 ) ( 在公路上 ) 发生於交通工具
和 :
桥墩 ( 桥 ) ( 天桥 ) 包含在 V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- ,
V57.- , V67.- , 以及 V77.-
落石包含在 V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- , 以及
V77.-
护栏或分界栅栏包含在 V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- ,
V67.- , 以及 V77.-
公路间的分隔岛包含在 V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- ,
V67.- , 以及 V77.-
坍方 ( 非正在崩坍时 ) 包含在 V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.-
, V57.- , V67.- , 以及 V77.-
从机动车辆前方抛掷而来之物体包含在 V17.- , V27.- ,
V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- , 以及 V77.-
安全岛包含在 V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- , 以
及 V77.-
树包含在 V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- , 以及 V77.-
交通标志或号志 ( 临时的 ) 包含在 V17.- , V27.- , V37.- ,
V47.- , V57.- , V67.- , 以及 V77.-
电线包含在 V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- , 以及
V77.-
为道路所做之墙垣包含在 V17.- , V27.- , V37.- , V47.- , V57.-
, V67.- , 以及 V77.-
其他固定、可移动或移动中的物体包含在 V17.- , V27.-
, V37.- , V47.- , V57.- , V67.- , 以及 V77.-
翻覆 ( 未相撞者 ) 是包含在 V18.- , V28.- , V38.- , V48.- ,
V58.- , V68.- , 以及 V78.-
与动物 ( 有人放牧的 ) ( 无人放牧的 ) 相撞是包含在 V10.-
, V20.- , V30.- , V40.- , V50.- , V60.- , 以及 V70.-
与兽力车或被骑乘之动物相撞是包含在 V16.- , V26.- ,
V36.- , V46.- , V56.- ,V66.- , 以及 V76.-

Pedestrian injured in transport accident
(V01-V09)
Excludes: collision of pedestrian (conveyance) with other pedestrian (conveyance) (W51.-)
. with subsequent fall (W03.-)
The following fourth-character subdivisions are for use with categories V01-V06:
.0 Nontraffic accident
.1 Traffic accident
.9 Unspecified whether traffic or nontraffic accident
行人在运输事故中受伤
(V01-V09)
不包含 : 行人 ( 交通工具 ) 与行人 ( 交通工具 ) 之
相撞击 (W51.-)
. 及随後的跌落 (W03.-) 下列第 4 码次分类是要与 V01-V06 范
围并用 :
. 0 非交通事故
. 1 交通事故
. 9 未明示之交通或非交通事故

V01
Pedestrian injured in collision with pedal cycle
行人在与自行车相撞时受伤

V02
Pedestrian injured in collision with two- or three-wheeled motor vehicle

V03
Pedestrian injured in collision with car, pick-up truck or van
行人与汽车 , 卡车或箱型车相撞时受伤

V04
Pedestrian injured in collision with heavy transport vehicle or bus
行人在与重型运输交通工具或巴士相撞时受伤

V05
Pedestrian injured in collision with railway train or railway vehicle
行人在与火车或铁道交通工具相撞时受伤

V06
Pedestrian injured in collision with other nonmotor vehicle
Includes: collision with animal-drawn vehicle, animal being ridden, streetcar
行人在与其他非机动车辆相撞时受伤包含 : 与兽力
车、乘载人或货之动物、有轨电车相撞者

V10
Pedal cyclist injured in collision with pedestrian or animal
Excludes: collision with animal-drawn vehicle or animal being ridden (Vl6.-)
与行人或动物相撞而使自行车骑士受伤
不包含 : 与兽力车或载乘着人或货之动物相撞者
(V16.-)

V11
Pedal cyclist injured in collision with other pedal cycle
自行车骑士与其他自行车相撞时受伤

V12
Pedal cyclist injured in collision with two- or three-wheeled motor
vehicle
自行车骑士与二轮或叁轮摩托车辆相撞时受伤

V13
Pedal cyclist injured in collision with car, pick-up truck or van
自行车骑士与汽车、卡车或箱型车货车相撞时受伤

V14
Pedal cyclist injured in collision with heavy transport vehicle or bus
自行车骑士与重型运输交通工具相撞时受伤

V15
Pedal cyclist injured in collision with railway train or railway vehicle

V16
Pedal cyclist injured in collision with other nonmotor vehicle
Includes: collision with animal-drawn vehicle, animal being ridden, streetcar
自行车骑士与其他非机动车辆相撞时受伤
包含 : 与兽力车 , 乘载着人或货之动物、有轨电车
相撞者

V17
Pedal cyclist injured in collision with fixed or stationary object
自行车骑士与固定或静态物体相撞时受伤

V18
Pedal cyclist injured in noncollision transport accident
Includes: fall or thrown from pedal cycle (without antecedent collision)
overturning:
. NOS
. without collision
自行车骑士在非车辆相撞之运输事故中受伤
  包含 : 自己或因外力而从自行车上跌落或被抛
出 ( 先前未与其他人车物相撞的情况之下 )
翻覆 *
G . 其他未明示者
. 未相撞者

V19.0
Driver injured in collision with other and unspecified motor vehicles in
nontraffic accident
驾驶员在非交通事故中 , 因其他未明示之机动车辆
相撞而受伤

V19.1
Passenger injured in collision with other and unspecified motor vehicles
in nontraffic accident
乘客在非交通事故中因其车与其他未明示之机动车
辆相撞而受伤

V19.2
Unspecified pedal cyclist injured in collision with other and
unspecified motor vehicles in nontraffic accident
Pedal cycle collision NOS, nontraffic
未明示之自行车骑士在非交通事故中与其他未明示
之机动车辆相撞而受伤
其他未明示之自行车相撞 , 非交通事故者

V19.4
Driver injured in collision with other and unspecified motor vehicles in
traffic accident
驾驶员在交通事故中与其他未明示之机动车辆相撞
而受伤

V19.5
Passenger injured in collision with other and unspecified motor vehicles
in traffic accident
乘客在交通事故中与其他未明示之机动车辆相撞而
受伤

V19.6
Unspecified pedal cyclist injured in collision with other and
unspecified motor vehicles in traffic accident
Pedal cycle collision NOS (traffic)
未明示之自行车骑士在交通事故中与其他未明示之
机动车辆相撞而受伤
其他未明示之有关自行车之相撞 ( 交通事故者 )

V20
Motorcycle rider injured in collision with pedestrian or animal
Excludes: collision with animal-drawn vehicle or animal being ridden (V26.-)
摩托车骑士与行人或动物相撞时受 *
不包含 : 与兽力车或被骑乘之动物相撞者 (V26.-)

V21
Motorcycle rider injured in collision with pedal cycle
摩托车骑士与自行车相撞时受伤

V22
Motorcycle rider injured in collision with two- or three-wheeled motor
vehicle
摩托车骑士与二轮或叁轮机动车辆相撞时受伤

V23
Motorcycle rider injured in collision with car, pick-up truck or van
摩托车骑士与汽车、卡车或箱型车相撞时受伤

V24
Motorcycle rider injured in collision with heavy transport vehicle or
bus
摩托车骑士与重运输交通工具或公共汽车相撞时受


V25
Motorcycle rider injured in collision with railway train or railway
vehicle
摩托车骑士与火车或铁道交通工具相撞时受伤

V26
Motorcycle rider injured in collision with other nonmotor vehicle
Includes: collision with animal-drawn vehicle, animal being ridden, streetcar
摩托车骑士与其他非机动车辆相撞时受伤
包含 : 与兽力车、乘载着人或物之动物、有轨电车
相撞者

V27
Motorcycle rider injured in collision with fixed or stationary object


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