英语学习词典
  

class

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class [ kla:s] n.班,班级;阶级

class [kla:s] n.(学校)班;年级;课

class [kla:s]

进修班 class for further studies

强化班 intensive training class

Guide for the Use of Class A Foams in Manual Structural Fire Fighting
人工灭火时使用A型泡沫器材的标准

Standard on Fire-Fighting Foam Chemicals for Class A Fuels in Rural, Suburban, and Vegetated Areas
在城郊和偏僻区域用燃油A型泡沫灭火器的标准

upper-middle-class 上中阶层

grade 年级
class 班级

first-class quality 或 first-rate quality 头等的质量

first-class 一等品

at each other's throats 吵架
A: I can't believe Sean and Keith. They were at each other's throats in front of the whole class yesterday.
A: 我真不敢相信 Sean 跟 Keith会这样。他俩昨天当着整个班上互相叫骂起来了。
B: They fight all the time. You didn't know that?
B: 他们经常在吵架, 你不知道吗?

飞机票
(指限定条件) endoresement/restrictions
前往城市 to
旅客姓名 name of passenger
承运人(公司) carrier
旅行经停地点 good for passage between
航班号 flight no.
起点城市 from
座舱等级 class (fare basis)
起飞日期 date
机号 plane No.
起飞时间 time
机座号 seat No.
订座情况 status
吸烟坐位 smoking seat
机票确认 ticket confirm
非吸烟席 non-smoking seat
登机口 gate    

签 证
姓 surname 失效日期(或必须在...日之前入境) expiry date ( 或 before)
名 first (given) name 停留期为...... for stays of
性别 sex 10天 ten days
出生日期 birthdate 8周 eight weeks
国籍 nationality 3个月 three months
护照号 passport No. 6个月 six months
编号 control No. 1年 one year
签发地 Issue At 3年 three years
签发日期 Issue Date (或On) 签证种类 visa type(class)

一个经济舱座位,对吗? One economy class seat, is that right?

Class(班、级或届):"Class"一词可以有多种解释。(1)"班",根据同一课程表在
同一讲师或教授指导下上课的一群学生;(2)"级",同一学年的学生,如一年级(freshman
class)、二年级(sophomore class)、三年级(junior class)、四年级(senior class);
(3)"届",某一特定年份毕业的学生,如"九七届"("The Class of 1997")。

Class Card(听课证):一种正式颁发的卡证,一般是用计算机打出,持证者得以到某课堂听课。

Class Rank(年级名次):表示一个学生学习成绩在毕业年级(graduating class)的排列名
次或比率。在由一百名学生组成的年级中排列第一的学生的年级名次为1/100,排列最
后则为100/100。年级名次也可以百分比表示,如前百分之二十五(the top 25
percent)、后百分之五十(the lower 50 percent)。

(对女人来说) 有三类男人:智慧的情人,尊荣的情人,***的情人。
There are three classes of men: lovers of wisdom, lovers of honor, lovers of gain.

进修班 class for advanced studies

听课 to visit a class; to sit in on a class;p to attend a lecture

公开课 open class

课外辅导 instruction after class

课堂讨论 class discussion

扫盲班 literacy class

Class(班、级或届):“Class”一词可以有多种解释。(1)“班”,根据同一课程表在同一讲师或教授指导下上课的一群学生;(2)“级”,同一学年的学生,如一年级(freshman class)、二年级(sophomore class)、三年级(junior class)、四年级(senior class);(3)“届”,某一特定年份毕业的学生,如“九七届”(“The Class of 1997”)。

Class Card(听课证):一种正式颁发的卡证,一般是用计算机打出,持证者得以到某课堂听课。

Class Rank(年级名次):表示一个学生学习成绩在毕业年级(graduating class)的排列名次或比率。在由一百名学生组成的年级中排列第一的学生的年级名次为1/100,排列最后则为100/100。年级名次也可以百分比表示,如前百分之二十五(the top 25 percent)、后百分之五十(the lower 50 percent)。

economy class, tourist class 经济座

first class 头等

class 班级

课堂是以教师为中心还是以学生为中心? A Teacher-centered Class or A Student-centered Class?

product class 产品类别

social class 社会阶层

accounting class
会计职类

administrative class
政务职类

broadcasting and information class
广播与新闻职类

class
职类

class of passage
旅费等级

class scale
职类薪级

clerical class
文书职类

construction class
建筑职类

Class A surface A级表面

His mark in math is second to none in the class.
他的数学分数在班上是名列前茅的。

Protect the interests of the working class 保护工人阶级利益

wage-earning class 工薪阶层

冲量
impulse
SAE100和180滤波通道
SAE channel class 100 and 180 filter

频率级通道
channel frequency classes

A society that gives to one class all the opportunities for leisure, and to another all the burdens of work, dooms both classes to spiritual sterility.
一个将闲暇的全部机会都给予一个阶级,而将劳作的全部重负都给予另一个阶级的社会,注定了两个阶级都处于精神贫瘠。

Instead of this absurd division into sexes they ought to class people as static and dynamic.
为取代性别这种荒唐的区别,他们应该把人分成静态与动态两种。

We are expected to participate actively in English class.
要求我们积极参与英语课的活动。

Now that John has arrived, we can begin our English class.
既然约翰来了,我们可以开始上英语课了。

The navy is introducing a new class of battle ship this year.
海军今年开始使用一种新的战艇。

At her best, she's a really first-class dancer.
在最佳状态时,她真是一位一流的舞蹈家。

The whole class were infected with the virus.
全班学生都感染上了这种病毒。

The teacher's colleagues taught his classes while he was ill.
老师生病时,他的同事们替他上课。

The teacher appointed her to chair the class meeting.
老师指定她主持班务会。

Bill's problems in math class concern Sandy very much.
比尔数学功课不好使桑迪很不安。

The boy failed in the examination because he had paid no attention to the teacher in class.
那男孩考试没及格, 他上课不听老师讲课。

Names, ages, and other data about the class are recorded in the teacher's notebook.
这个班级的学生姓名、年龄和其他方面的资料都被写在老师的笔记本上。

The number of students in the class declined from 25 to 20.
班上学生的人数由25个减少到了20个。

Professor Cary has a name as an outstanding lecturer. His classes are always well attended.
卡里教授上课之精彩是出了名的,他的课总是吸引着许多学生。

He hit the target when he became president of the class.
他达到了目的,当上了班长。

It took the teacher months to bring his class under control.
这个老师用了几个月的时间才把他教的班级控制住。

The staff rendered first-class service and all the guests were quite satisfied.
工作人员提供了一流的服务,客人们十分满意。

He was absent from class and he gave an incredible excuse.
他没来上课, 提出的借口令人难以置信。

We should apply what we have learned in class to the experiment.
我们应该把我们课堂上所学到的知识运用到实验中去。

Tony has the distinction of being the tallest boy in the class.
托尼是班上个子最高的孩子,这是他的出众之处。

George turned over a new leaf and stopped disturbing the class.
乔治己改好了, 不再在课堂上捣乱了。

In her youth, she earned a reasonable living by posing for art students in drawing classes.
她年轻时,靠着给学艺术的学生作绘画课上的模特,生活得还可以。

How do you account for your long absence from classes without asking for leave?
你如何解释你不请假而长期缺课的行为?

Anna got a lucky break yesterday when the teacher failed to notice she was late for class.
安娜昨天运气不错,上课迟到而老师却没有注意到。

We must press for a reduction in the number of students in a class.
我们必须要求减少每个班级的学生人数。

The lesson ended and the teacher dismissed the class.
课讲完了,老师让学生们下课。

It's time for class.
上课时间到了。

I'll call the roll before class.
课前我要点名。

The whole class is in a heated discussion.
全班同学正在热烈讨论。

There are many training classed and night classes.
有许多培训班与夜校。

My class went camping last summer.
去年夏天我们班去露营了。

Mr. Smith is in charge of this class. 史密斯老师负责该班。

Why don't you attend an aerobic class? 你为什么不去参加一个有氧健身班呢?

Jack is the strongest boy in the class.杰克是全班最强壮的男孩。

Well established among segments of the middle and upper classes by the mid-1800’s, this new view of childhood spread throughout society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as reformers introduced child labor regulations and compulsory education laws predicted in part on the assumption that a child’s emotional value made child labor taboo.
这种关于孩子的观点到19世纪时已在中上阶级中建立,并于19世纪末20世纪初在社会上广泛传播,当时改革者们推行童工规定和义务教育法,部分来源于孩子的情感价值的假设,这都使得使用童工被禁止了。

My point is that its central consciousness—its profound understanding of class and gender as shaping influences on people’s lives—owes much to that earlier literary heritage, a heritage that, in general, has not been sufficiently valued by most contemporary literary critics.
我认为它的关键意识——它对于阶级和性的深远理解对人们的生活有着重要影响——很大程度上归功于文化遗产,总的来说,当代的文艺批评家并未对此给予足够评价。

If we look at man as an animal and try to analyze the environmental forces that are acting on the organism, we find that we have to deal with things like climate, soil, plants, and such like factors common to all biological situations; but we also find, always, very important environmental influences that we can only class as “cultural”, which modify the physical and biological factors.
如果我们将人类看作动物来尝试解释作用在有机物上的环境影响力的话,我们不得不处理像气候,土壤,植物和一些对于所有生物环境来说共同的因素,但我们也发现,“文化”的影响也非常重大,它可以改变物理和生物因素。

You can join the class if you parents approve.
如果你父母同意,你可以参加这个班。

You must pay attention to your teacher in the class.
上课的时候必须专心听老师讲课。

She divided the food into four equal shares.
她把食物分成相同的四份。
The class is divided in opinion.
整个班级意见有分歧。

You should finish your English grammar drills in the class.
你应该在课堂上完成语法练习。

How many students are there in your class?
你班里有多少学生?

She is more clever than the other girls in her class.
她比班上其他任何女孩子都聪明。

How many pupils are there in your class?
你的班里有多少名小学生?

Hearing the bell, we raced to the class.
听到铃声,我们赶快跑去上课。

The teacher read the poem to the class.
老师给全班同学朗诵这首诗歌。

How many students are there in your class?
你们班有多少个学生?

咱们逃学吧!
Let's play hooky! *play hooky 俚语,“逃学”。
Let's skip school!
Let's cut class!
Let's ditch school!

毫无价值!/不值一提!
It's for the birds. *直译“帮不了谁,最多只能帮帮鸟罢了”,即“无聊,没有意思”。是比较旧的说法,但现在仍然在用。
I hate this class. (我最讨厌上这课。)
I agree. It's for the birds. (没错。真无聊。)
It's no good.
It sucks.

I'd like to change this ticket to the first class.
我想把这张票换成头等车。

What''s the fare to New York, Economy Class?
去纽约的经济舱机票多少钱?

Can I have a second-class one way ticket to Chicago,please?
请给我一张去芝加哥的单程二等票好吗?

She is at the top of her class.
她名列前茅。

school is open 与 the school is open:
school is open (或 schools are open) 是指「学校开学」(classes are in session),这里的 open 是形容词,school 前面不加冠词 the,意味整个中小学的 school system。但是 the school is open,多指学校的建筑物开放著,但没有学生上课。
同理:He goes to school. 是指他去上学读书受教育,而 He goes to the school. 又指他去学校的建筑物(看朋友、参观等)。
至於 School is closed.(或 Schools are closed.) 是指「学校停课」,前面也不加 the。
注意:close 当形容词时,也有「附近」(nearby) 或「友善」(friendly) 的意思。 例如:
* The school is close(=nearby).(学校在附近。)
* That is a close neighborhood.(那是一个友善的住宅区),而 The school is opened at 8 a.m.; 或
* The school is closed at 5 p.m.(都是指学校的建筑物开放或关闭的时间。)
但是 The store is open. 是指店铺在营业中(= Business is going on.),而 The store is closed. 又是指店铺暂时不营业。
假如店铺是永久性的「关门大吉」,就应该说:
* The store was closed down. (permanently)
不过 closed 当形容词时,又有「保守」(conservative)或受某种「限制」(restricted)的意思。 例如:
* This is a closed community.(这是一个保守的社区。)(由於宗教信仰等原因,美国有的社区不欢迎外来的人。)

Cut class 逃课

A I’ll see you later tonight. I’m going to my music class first.
A 今晚晚些时候见。我先去上音乐课。
B Your music class What musical instrument do you play?
B 音乐课?你玩什么乐器?
A I play the piano. I practise every week. It’s my hobby.
A 我弹钢琴。我每周都练习。这是我的业余爱好。
B I didn’t know you play the piano. I’d love to hear you play.
B 我不知道你弹钢琴。我想听你弹弹。
A You can come and listen, if you’d like. What’s your hobby?
A 如果你愿意的话可以来听。你的爱好是什么?
B Well, I like music too – but not playing musical instrument. I like going to clubs and hearing the best DJs.
B 哦,我也喜欢音乐——但是不是乐器。我喜欢去俱乐部听最好的DJ。

A I know what you mean. Sometimes you are too busy for hobbies.
A 我明白你的意思。有时你太忙了,不能有爱好。
B And tired!? I’m often very tired when I get home after work.
B 还有累!下班回家时我经常感到很累。
A Me too. I’m too busy and tired for hobbies.
A 我也是。我太忙太累了,不能有爱好。
B There’re lots of things I want to do, if I had the time.
B 如果我有时间的话,我有很多想做的事。
A Yes. I’d like to go to regular English classes . . . and go dancing.
A 是的。我想定期去上英语课. . .还有舞蹈课。
B I’d like to practise tennis and learn how to play well.
B 我想练习打网球,学习打好网球。

I like to have a man's knowledge comprehend more than one class of topics, one row of shelves. I like a man who likes to see a fine barn as well as a good tragedy.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, American thinker  
我希望人的知识不限于一类题目、一排书架。我既喜欢看一个好谷仓,也喜欢欣赏一出好悲剧。
美国思想家、爱默生。R. W.

Why don't you attend an aerobic class?
你为什么不去参加一个有氧健身班呢?

at each other's throats 吵架
A: I can't believe Sean and Keith. They were at each other's throats in front of the whole class yesterday.
A:我真不敢相信Sean跟Keith会这样。他俩昨天当着整个班上互相叫骂起来了。
B: They fight all the time. You didn't know that?
B:他们经常在吵架,你不知道吗?

Subject: Reservations for a Flight
Dear Sir/madam,
Mr.Zhang Xiaohua, our Marketing Manager, would like to fly from Guangzhou to London on the earliest flight possible.
We would be obliged if you would book one economy class seat for him on a flight leaving Guangzhou on or about July 28th.
Bank of China has been instructed to pay the fare and booking fee, and we would ask you to submit your account directly to them.
We appreciate your early confirmation.
Sincerely yours,
Lin Jie
Secretary to Mr.Zhang
Guangzhou Trading Company
主题:预订飞机座位
亲爱的先生/女士;
本公司营销部经理张晓华先生,希望搭乘尽可能早点的从广州飞往伦敦的班机。
如果你能为他预订1个经济舱的座位,在7月28日当天或者前后几天,飞离广州的话,不胜感激。
我们已委托中国银行支付机票费和预约费,请你把账单直接交给他们。
我们感激你早日确认。
你真诚的,
林洁
张先生秘书
广州贸易公司

Subject: Confirmation of reservation
Dear Miss Lin,
We have acknowledged your E-mail dated July 15th requesting us to book one economy-class seat for Mr. Zhang xiaohua on a flight from Guangzhou to London.
One seat has been reserved on flight S.A 917 departing Baiyun Airport, Guangzhou at 10:00 a.m. on the 28th, arriving London at 11:00 a.m. local time on the 30th.
The account will be sent to Bank of China, as requested.
Yours faithfully,
Tang xiaogang
Reservations Manager
主题:预订确认
亲爱的林小姐:
我们已收到你7月15日的电子邮件,要求我们为张晓华先生预订从广州到伦敦班机经济舱座位。
已预订南航917次班机的一个座位,该班机于28日早上10点从广州白云机场起飞,于30日当地时间早上11点抵达伦敦。
入你所要求的,账单将送到中国银行。
你忠实的
唐小刚
预订部经理

I would like to book a flight to Paris on January 8 on Air France, First Class and round trip.
我要订一张巴黎的往返票,1月8日,法航,头等舱。

class treasurer 班里的生活委员

@@@ 生活, 谋生
bread and butter 生活必需品; 衣、食和住, 生计
class treasurer 班里的生活委员
do business with 同...做生意
earn a/one's living 谋生
eke out an existence 勉强维持生活
fend for oneself 自己谋生, 照料自己
get along 过活; 进展; 应付
live by oneself 独自一人生活
living quarters 生活区
make a living 谋生, 挣钱度日
subsist on/upon 依靠...生活; 以...维持生命
way of life 生活方式; 行为准则

"My boss is a stuffed shirt: all he talks about is how important his ancestors are, how he was number one in his class at his university, and the wonderful things he thinks he's done for our company."
“我的老板老是爱摆架子,吹嘘自己。他一开口就是说他的祖先的地位有多么重要,他在大学念书时又如何成为他们班里的第一名,还自称对我们公司作出了多大的贡献等等。”

"I keep trying to get friendly with that lovely blonde who sits next to me in biology class. But she keeps me at arm's length."
“我一直设法和那个生物课坐在我旁边的金发姑娘接近。可是,她老是和我保持一定距离。”

- Clam up 守口如瓶,拒不开口,沉默不语
I don't understand why my students are quite talkative during the break but all clam up in class.

- a poor apology for...蹩脚货,名不副实
That travel agency was first-class, but it offered a poor apology for its service

- have ( a case of ) the jitters 忐忑不安
The new teacher had a case of jitters when he first stood in front of the class.

- .make a slip of the tongue 说走嘴
The class burst into laughter when the teacher made a slip of the tongue. He meant to say "Good morning" to students, but he said "Good afternoon".

- Take a dim view of …对……抱悲观态度;不赞同
Teachers in middle schools usually take a dim view of students' talking up too many after-class activities.

- Drive someone to the wall 把某人逼得走投无路
He hates learning foreign languages. But the challenging situation drives him to the wall. He decides to go to an evening class.

The quality of this article cannot qualify for first-class.
这批商品的质量不够一等品。

class; squad

班级 class

特别二等舱 cabin class

A: I would like to learn Chinese. What’s the best way to learn?
A: 我想学汉语。学习的最好方法是什么?
B: There’re quite a lot of schools and classes you can go to.
B: 有很多学校和课程,你可以参加。
A: Perhaps you could help me find a good one.
A: 也许你能帮我找个好的。
B: Yes, I can. And we can get books and CDs at the bookshop.
B: 是的,我能。我们还可以在书店买书和CD。
A: Yes, that will help me too. Thanks.
A: 是的,那对我也会有帮助。谢谢你。

班 [bān] /team/class/rank/squad/a work shift/a measure word/(a surname)/

般 [bān] /sort/kind/class/way/manner/

班次 [bān cì] /order of classes or grades at school/number of runs or flights/

班级 [bān jí] /classes or grades in school/

班务会 [bān wù huì] /a routine meeting of a squad/team or class/

班长 [bān zhǎng] /class monitor/squad leader/team leader/

班主任 [bān zhǔ rèn] /a teacher in charge of a class/

曹 [cáo] /a company/a class/a generation/(a surname)/

侪 [chái] /a class/a company/companion/

畴 [chóu] /arable fields/cultivated field/class/category/

出身 [chū shēn] /family background/class origin/

粗俗的阶级 [cū sú de jiē jí] /vulgar class/

大类 [dà lèi] /main type/main class/main category/

等 [děng] /class/rank/grade/equal to/same as/wait for/await/et cetera/and so on/

第一流 [dì yī liú] /first-class/

顶尖级 [dǐng jiān jí] /first class/top/world best/

放学 [fàng xué] /classes are over/

分子 [fèn zi ] /(math.) numerator (in fractions)/members of a class or group/political elements (such as intellectuals or extremists)/

纲 [gāng] /head rope of a fishing net/guiding principle/key link/class (taxonomy)/outline/program/

高层 [gāo céng] /high level/high class/

高层旅馆 [gāo céng lǚ guǎn] /luxury hotel/high class hotel/

工人阶级 [gōng rén jiē jí] /(n) the working class/

归入 [guī rù] /to assign (to a class)/to classify as/to include/

汇 [huì] /class/collection/

阶级 [jiē jí] /(social) class/

课 [kè] /subject/class/lesson/

课程 [kè chéng] /course/class/

课时 [kè shí] /class/period/

旷课 [kuàng kè] /(v) be truant from school; cut classes/

类 [lèi] /kind/type/class/category/similar/like/to resemble/

门 [mén] /opening/door/gate/doorway/gateway/valve/switch/way to do something/knack/family/house/(religious) sect/school (of thought)/class/category/phylum or division (taxonomy)/

旁听 [páng tīng] /be a visitor (at a meeting, class, trial, etc)/

跷课 [qiāo kè] /avoid attending classes/

软席 [ruǎn xí] /soft seat (= first class in PRC trains)/

上课 [shàng kè] /to attend class/

上流 [shàng liú] /upper class/

同等 [tóng děng] /(adj) having the same social class or status/

下课 [xià kè] /class is over/

小康社会 [xiǎo kāng shè huì] /middle-class society/

学级 [xué jí] /class/

学时 [xué shí] /class hour/period/

夜间 [yè jiān] /nighttime/evening or night (e.g., classes)/

中产 [zhōng chǎn] /middle class/to ascend to the middle class/

种类 [zhǒng lèi] /kind/genus/type/category/variety/species/sort/class/

资产阶级 [zī chǎn jiē jí] /the capitalist class/the bourgeoisie/

Scientists could "adopt" middle school classes and present their own research.
科学家可以进入中学课堂,展示他们的实验结果。

Here is a troubled business that keeps hiring employees whose attitudes vastly annoy the customers.
这是一个棘手的行业,却不断地雇用观点总体上使客户恼怒的雇员。
Then it sponsors lots of symposiums and a credibility project dedicated to wondering why customers are annoyed and fleeing in large numbers.
然后它又出资组织研讨会和可信度调查项目,去探究为什么顾客们恼火了,为什么会有那么多人逃避新闻。
But it never seems to get around to noticing the cultural and class biases that so many former buyers are complaining about.
但它似乎从来就没回过头来去注意那么多以前的顾客所抱怨的文化和阶级偏见。
If it did, it would open up its diversity program, now focused narrowly on race and gender, and look for reporters who differ broadly by outlook, values, education, and class.
如果它能注意这个问题的话,它就应该进一步开放其多样化项目(这个项目现在还只单纯考虑招收不同种族和性别的员工),进一步寻找那些世界观、价值观、教育水平和社会阶层各不相同的各种记者。

While in America the trend started as a reaction to the economic decline — after the mass redundancies caused by downsizing in the late '80s — and is still linked to the politics of thrift, in Britain, at least among the middle class downshifters of my acquaintance, we have different reasons for seeking to simplify our lives.
在美国,这种趋势一开始是对经济衰落所做出的一种反应——出现于80年代后期缩小经济规模所引起的大量人员冗余之后——在英国,至少在我所认识的中产阶级的简化生活者中,这种趋势仍被认为与节俭政治有关联,虽然如此,然而我们有着不同的缘由去寻求使自己的生活简单化。

The grand mediocrity of today — everyone being the same in survival and number of offspring — means that natural selection has lost 80% of its power in upper-middle-class India compared to the tribes.
今天这种极其显著的平均化——每个人的生存机会和子女数量都相同——意味着与部落相比较,自然选择在印度中、上层已经失去了80%的效力。

When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.
当一场新的艺术运动形成某种时尚时,理应弄清其倡导者的目标所在,因为无论他们的准则在今天看来是多么牵强附会、不可思议,将来都有可能被视为正常的。
With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be — even admitting that the theory on which it is based may be right — it can hardly be classed as Literature.
然而,就未来派诗歌而言,情况却相当不同,因为无论未来派诗歌为何物——即使承认其理论根据可能正确,也很难称之为文学。

This, though it fulfills the laws and requirements of Futurist poetry, can hardly be classed as Literature.
尽管这符合未来派诗歌的规则和要求,却很难被归入文学之列。
All the same, no thinking man can refuse to accept their first proposition: that a great change in our emotional life calls for a change of expression. 实际上,没有一个善于思考的人会拒绝接受他们的第一个观点:即情感生活的巨大变化要求表达方式也随之变化。
The whole question is really this: have we essentially changed?
实际问题是:我们发生了根本的变化吗?

The growth of the limited liability company and municipal business had important consequences.
有限责任公司及市政企业的发展导致了重大后果。
Such large, impersonal manipulation of capital and industry greatly increased the numbers and importance of shareholders as a class, an element in national life representing irresponsible wealth detached from the land and the duties of the landowners; and almost equally detached from the responsible management of business.
对资本与企业的如此大规模的非个人操纵大大地增加了作为一个阶级的持股人的数量及其地位的重要性。他们在国民生活中代表着非责任性的财富,与土地及土地所有者责任相分离,几乎也同样与企业的责任经营相分离。

Towns like Bournemouth and Eastbourne sprang up to house large "comfortable" classes who had retired on their incomes, and who had no relation to the rest of the community except that of drawing dividends and occasionally attending a shareholders' meeting to dictate their orders to the management.
像伯恩茅斯和伊斯特本这样的城市的兴起是为了给大批“舒适”阶层提供居住场所,这些人靠自己的丰厚收入而不工作,除了领取红利,偶尔参加股东会议向管理人员发号施令外,他们与外界没有联系。

{adj: advanced} farther along in physical or mental development
"the child's skeletal age was classified as `advanced'"
"children in the advanced classes in elementary school read far above grade average"

{adj: advantaged, favored} blessed with advantages
"she is more advantaged than her cousin"
"born into the favored classes"

{adj: after-school} outside regular school hours
"a special after-school class"

{adj: all} quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class
"we sat up all night"
"ate all the food"
"all men are mortal"
"all parties are welcome"
<-> some, no

{adj: amphibious, amphibian} relating to or characteristic of animals of the class Amphibia

{adj: animate} belonging to the class of nouns that denote living beings
"the word `dog' is animate"
<-> inanimate

{adj: arachnoid, arachnidian, spidery, spiderlike, spiderly} relating to or resembling a member of the class Arachnida

{adj: ascendant, ascendent, dominating} most powerful or important or influential
"the economically ascendant class"
"D-day is considered the dominating event of the war in Europe"

{adj: ascomycetous} related to or characteristic of fungi of the class Ascomycetes

{adj: atypical, untypical} not representative of a group, class, or type
"a group that is atypical of the target audience"
"a class of atypical mosses"
"atypical behavior is not the accepted type of response that we expect from children"
<-> typical

{adj: basidiomycetous} pertaining to or characteristic of fungi of the class Basidiomycetes

{adj: bemused, deep in thought, lost, preoccupied} deeply absorbed in thought
"as distant and bemused as a professor listening to the prattling of his freshman class"
"lost in thought"
"a preoccupied frown"

{adj: better} (comparative of `good') superior to another (of the same class or set or kind) in excellence or quality or desirability or suitability; more highly skilled than another
"You're a better man than I am, Gunga Din"
"a better coat"
"a better type of car"
"a suit with a better fit"
"a better chance of success"
"produced a better mousetrap"
"she's better in math than in history"
<-> worse

{adj: boisterous, rambunctious, robustious, rumbustious, unruly} noisy and lacking in restraint or discipline
"a boisterous crowd"
"a social gathering that became rambunctious and out of hand"
"a robustious group of teenagers"
"beneath the rumbustious surface of his paintings is sympathy for the vulnerability of ordinary human beings"
"an unruly class"

{adj: bottom} the lowest rank
"bottom member of the class"

{adj: bourgeois, conservative, materialistic} conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class
"a bourgeois mentality"

{adj: bourgeois} (according to Marxist thought) being of the property-owning class and exploitive of the working class

{adj: bourgeois} belonging to the middle class

{adj: cephalopod, cephalopodan} relating or belonging to the class Cephalopoda

{adj: class-conscious, stratified} (used of society) socially hierarchical
"American society is becoming increasingly stratified"

{adj: classified} arranged into classes
<-> unclassified

{adj: clipped} (of speech) having quick short sounds
"a clipped upper-class accent"

{adj: coroneted, highborn, titled} belonging to the peerage
"the princess and her coroneted companions"
"the titled classes"

{adj: costumed} dressed in clothing characteristic of a period, country, or class

{adj: crinoid} of or relating to or belonging to the class Crinoidea

{adj: crustaceous, crustacean} of or belonging to the class Crustacea

{adj: cyanobacterial, cyanophyte} relating to or caused by photosynthetic bacteria of the class Cyanobacteria

{adj: derived} formed or developed from something else; not original
"the belief that classes and organizations are secondary and derived"- John Dewey
<-> underived

{adj: excellent, first-class, fantabulous} of the highest quality
"made an excellent speech"
"the school has excellent teachers"
"a first-class mind"

{adj: extensional} defining a word by listing the class of entities to which the word correctly applies

{adj: first, foremost, world-class} ranking above all others
"was first in her class"
"the foremost figure among marine artists"
"the top graduate"


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