英语学习词典
  

campaign

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campaign [ kæm'pein] n.战役;运动

访谈式竞选 (候选人在电视访谈节目中亮相进行的竞选) talk-show campaign

严打斗争 "Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities"

造林运动 afforestation drive (campaign)

中央综治委“严打”整治斗争检查组 Strike-hard Campaign Inspection Group of Central Committee for Comprehensive Management of Public Security.

扫黄 Porn-Purging Campaign

西部大开发 Go-West Campaign

扫黄 Porn-Purging Campaign

西部大开发 Go-West Campaign

campaign 运动;活动

campaign assistant 竞选助理

campaign expenditure 竞选开支

campaign funding 竞选经费

campaign literature 竞选刊物

campaign material 宣传物品

campaign paper 竞选文件

campaign partner 竞选伙伴

election campaigning 竞选活动

election publicity campaign 选举宣传运动

voter registration campaign 选民登记运动

a cleanup campaign against industrial pollution
清除工业污染的运动

This sales campaign was targeted at the youth market.
这次推销活动是以青年为对象的。

We use a computer to coordinate our marketing campaign.
我们使用一台电脑来协调推销活动。

The election campaign has been characterized by violence.
暴力是这场竞选运动的特点。

Above all , they got over Lincoln’s point that “ the necessity of being ready increase”, for they left no doubt that this was not the climax of their campaign for equality but merely the beginning, that they were going to stay in the streets until they could get equality in the schools, restaurants, houses and employment agencies of the nation, and that, as they demonstrated here today, they had found an effective way to demonstrate for changes in the laws without breaking the law themselves.
首先,他们明白了林肯的“准备增长的必需性”理论,因为他们一点也不怀疑他们争取平等的运动还没有达到高潮,而仅仅是个开端,他们要继续在街上静坐直到他们在学校、饭店、室内和职业介绍机构得到平等对待的权力。而且,就像他们现在展示的一样,他们已经找到了不触犯法律来引起法律的改变的有效的方法。

The advertising campaign didn't have much effect on sales.
这些广告攻势对销售额并没有起到多大作用。

We've only sold our product at trade fairs, not in an on-going sales campaign.
我们的产品只在商展时展售,而没有办促销活动。

- stand on one's feet 自食其力
The Chinese Communist Party decided to stand on their feet during the Liberation Campaign. People in Naniwan were called upon to develop agriculture.

参加活动 campaign

风潮 [fēng cháo] /campaign/storm and stress/

竞选活动 [jìng xuǎn huó dòng] /campaign/

拉票 [lā piào] /campaign for votes/ask voters for support/

运动 [yùn dòng] /movement/campaign/sports/

战役 [zhàn yì] /(n) military campaign/

征战 [zhēng zhàn] /campaign/expedition/

助选活动 [zhù xuǎn huó dòng] /campaign meeting/

An invisible border divides those arguing for computers in the classroom on the behalf of students' career prospects and those arguing for computers in the classroom for broader reasons of radical educational reform.
对于计算机课堂教学,人们在观点上存在着一条无形的界限:一种是以学生的就业前景为理由,另一种是以激进的教育改革为理由。
Very few writers on the subject have explored this distinction — indeed, contradiction — which goes to the heart of what is wrong with the campaign to put computers in the classroom.
很少有人就这一区别——事实上是矛盾——进行撰文探讨,但它却是促使计算机进入课堂的活动出问题的关键。

And they also identify preferred customers for promotional campaigns.
此外,他们还确定理想的顾客群进行促销活动。

{adj: all-out, full-scale} using all available resources
"all-out war"
"a full-scale campaign against nuclear power plants"

{adj: arduous, backbreaking, grueling, gruelling, hard, heavy, laborious, operose, punishing, toilsome} characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort
"worked their arduous way up the mining valley"
"a grueling campaign"
"hard labor"
"heavy work"
"heavy going"
"spent many laborious hours on the project"
"set a punishing pace"

{adj: auspicious} auguring favorable circumstances and good luck
"an auspicious beginning for the campaign"
<-> inauspicious

{adj: awkward, embarrassing, sticky, unenviable} hard to deal with; especially causing pain or embarrassment
"awkward (or embarrassing or difficult) moments in the discussion"
"an awkward pause followed his remark"
"a sticky question"
"in the unenviable position of resorting to an act he had planned to save for the climax of the campaign"

{adj: black, calamitous, disastrous, fatal, fateful} (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin
"the stock market crashed on Black Friday"
"a calamitous defeat"
"the battle was a disastrous end to a disastrous campaign"
"such doctrines, if true, would be absolutely fatal to my theory"- Charles Darwin
"it is fatal to enter any war without the will to win it"- Douglas MacArthur
"a fateful error"

{adj: brassbound} having trim or fittings of brass
"a brassbound campaign chest"
"the heavy brassbound door"

{adj: considerable} large or relatively large in number or amount or extent or degree
"a considerable quantity"
"the economy was a considerable issue in the campaign"
"went to considerable trouble for us"
"spent a considerable amount of time on the problem"
<-> inconsiderable

{adj: countrywide, nationwide} occurring or extending throughout a country or nation
"the event aroused nationwide interest"
"a countrywide fund-raising campaign"

{adj: critical, decisive} forming or having the nature of a turning point or crisis
"a critical point in the campaign"
"the critical test"

{adj: dirty, sordid} unethical or dishonest
"dirty police officers"
"a sordid political campaign"

{adj: door-to-door, house-to-house} omitting no one; from the door of one house to that of the next
"a door-to-door campaign"
"house-to-house coverage"

{adj: dull} lacking in liveliness or animation
"he was so dull at parties"
"a dull political campaign"
"a large dull impassive man"
"dull days with nothing to do"
"how dull and dreary the world is"
"fell back into one of her dull moods"
<-> lively

{adj: evocative, redolent, remindful, reminiscent} serving to bring to mind
"cannot forbear to close on this redolent literary note"- Wilder Hobson
"a campaign redolent of machine politics"

{adj: firm, loyal, truehearted, fast} unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause
"a firm ally"
"loyal supporters"
"the true-hearted soldier...of Tippecanoe"- Campaign song for William Henry Harrison
"fast friends"

{adj: hard-hitting, high-pressure} aggressively and persistently persuasive
"a hard-hitting advertising campaign"
"a high-pressure salesman"

{adj: indeterminate} not leading to a definite ending or result
"an indeterminate campaign"

{adj: inefficient} not producing desired results; wasteful
"an inefficient campaign against drugs"
"outdated and inefficient design and methods"
<-> efficient

{adj: low-pressure} not forceful
"a low-pressure salesman"
"a low-pressure campaign"

{adj: negative} characterized by or displaying negation or denial or opposition or resistance; having no positive features
"a negative outlook on life"
"a colorless negative personality"
"a negative evaluation"
"a negative reaction to an advertising campaign"
<-> neutral, positive

{adj: negative} having the quality of something harmful or unpleasant
"ran a negative campaign"
"delinquents retarded by their negative outlook on life"

{adj: promiscuous} not selective of a single class or person
"Clinton was criticized for his promiscuous solicitation of campaign money"

{adj: satirical, satiric} exposing human folly to ridicule
"a persistent campaign of mockery by the satirical fortnightly magazine"

{adj: unstrained} not placed under psychological stress
"the campaign would not leave party loyalties unstrained"

{adj: vigorous} characterized by forceful and energetic action or activity
"a vigorous hiker"
"gave her skirt a vigorous shake"
"a vigorous campaign"
"a vigorous foreign policy"
"vigorous opposition to the war"

{adv: ahead, out front, in the lead} leading or ahead in a competition
"the horse was three lengths ahead going into the home stretch"
"ahead by two pawns"
"our candidate is in the lead in the polls"
"way out front in the race"
"the advertising campaign put them out front in sales"

{adv: privately} by a private person or interest
"a privately financed campaign"
<-> publicly

{n: Armed Islamic Group, GIA} a terrorist organization of Islamic extremists whose violent activities began in 1992; aims to overthrow the secular Algerian regime and replace it with an Islamic state
"the GIA has embarked on a terrorist campaign of civilian massacres"

{n: Austerlitz, battle of Austerlitz} a decisive battle during the Napoleonic campaigns (1805); the French under Napoleon defeated the Russian armies of Czar Alexander I and the Austrian armies of Emperor Francis II

{n: Basque Homeland and Freedom, Basque Fatherland and Liberty, Euskadi ta Askatasuna, ETA} a terrorist organization organized in 1959 by student activists who were dissatisfied with the moderate nationalism of the traditional Basque party; want to create on independent homeland in Spain's western Pyrenees
"in 1968 ETA launched a campaign of political assassinations of government officials"

{n: Chechnya, Chechenia, Chechen Republic} an autonomous republic in southwestern Russia in the northern Caucasus Mountains bordering on Georgia; declared independence from the USSR in 1991 but Russian troops invaded and continue to prosecute a relentless military campaign in the largely Muslim republic

{n: Dardanelles, Dardanelles campaign} the unsuccessful campaign in World War I (1915) by the English and French to open a passage for aid to Russia; defeated by the Turks

{n: Du Bois, W. E. B. Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois} United States civil rights leader and political activist who campaigned for equality for Black Americans (1868-1963)

{n: Jackson, Jesse Jackson, Jesse Louis Jackson} United States civil rights leader who led a national campaign against racial discrimination and ran for presidential nomination (born in 1941)

{n: King, Martin Luther King, Martin Luther King Jr.} United States charismatic civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of Blacks (1929-1968)

{n: Muhammad, Elijah Muhammad} leader of Black Muslims who campaigned for independence for Black Americans (1897-1975)

{n: National Liberation Army, ELN} a Marxist terrorist group formed in 1963 by Colombian intellectuals who were inspired by the Cuban Revolution; responsible for a campaign of mass kidnappings and resistance to the government's efforts to stop the drug trade
"ELN kidnappers target foreign employees of large corporations"

{n: Okinawa, Okinawa campaign} a campaign in the closing days of World War II in the Pacific (April to June 1945); in savage close-quarter fighting United States marines and regular army troops took the island from the Japanese; considered the greatest victory of the Pacific campaign for the Americans

{n: Petersburg, Petersburg Campaign} the final campaign of the American Civil War (1864-65); Union forces under Grant besieged and finally defeated Confederate forces under Lee

{n: Progressive Party, Bull Moose Party} a former political party in the United States; founded by Theodore Roosevelt during the presidential campaign of 1912; its emblem was a picture of a bull moose

{n: Sakharov, Andrei Sakharov, Andrei Dimitrievich Sakharov} Soviet physicist and dissident; helped develop the first Russian hydrogen bomb; advocated nuclear disarmament and campaigned for human rights (1921-1989)

{n: Sanger, Margaret Sanger, Margaret Higgins Sanger} United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood; she challenged Gregory Pincus to develop a birth control pill (1883-1966)

{n: Spotsylvania, battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse} a battle between the armies of Grant and Lee during the Wilderness Campaign

{n: Vicksburg} a town in western Mississippi on bluffs above the Mississippi River west of Jackson; focus of an important campaign during the American Civil War as the Union fought to control the Mississippi River and so to cut the Confederacy into two halves

{n: Wagram, battle of Wagram} a battle in the Napoleonic campaigns (1809); Napoleon defeated the Austrians

{n: Wilderness Campaign} American Civil War; a series of indecisive battles in Grant's campaign (1864) against Lee in which both armies suffered terrible losses

{n: advertising campaign, ad campaign, ad blitz} an organized program of advertisements

{n: anchor, mainstay, keystone, backbone, linchpin, lynchpin} a central cohesive source of support and stability
"faith is his anchor"
"the keystone of campaign reform was the ban on soft money"
"he is the linchpin of this firm"

{n: anti-war movement} a campaign against entering or continuing a war

{n: beachhead, foothold} an initial accomplishment that opens the way for further developments
"the town became a beachhead in the campaign to ban smoking outdoors"
"they are presently attempting to gain a foothold in the Russian market"

{n: behalf} for someone's benefit (usually expressed as `in behalf' rather than `on behalf' and usually with a possessive)
"in your behalf"
"campaigning in his own behalf"
"spoke a good word in his friend's behalf"

{n: bell ringer, bull's eye, mark, home run} something that exactly succeeds in achieving its goal
"the new advertising campaign was a bell ringer"
"scored a bull's eye"
"hit the mark"
"the president's speech was a home run"

{n: button} a round flat badge displaying information and suitable for pinning onto a garment
"they passed out campaign buttons for their candidate"

{n: campaign hat} a broad-brimmed felt hat with a high crown; formerly worn by the United States Army and Marine personnel

{n: campaign, cause, crusade, drive, movement, effort} a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
"he supported populist campaigns"
"they worked in the cause of world peace"
"the team was ready for a drive toward the pennant"
"the movement to end slavery"
"contributed to the war effort"

{n: campaign, hunting expedition, safari} an overland journey by hunters (especially in Africa)

{n: campaign, military campaign} several related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal (usually within geographical and temporal constraints)

{n: campaigning, candidacy, candidature, electioneering, political campaign} the campaign of a candidate to be elected

{n: charm campaign} a campaign of flattery and friendliness (by a company, politician, etc.) to become more popular and gain support

{n: electioneering, bell ringing, canvassing} persuasion of voters in a political campaign

{n: expedition, military expedition, hostile expedition} a military campaign designed to achieve a specific objective in a foreign country

{n: exposure} the disclosure of something secret
"they feared exposure of their campaign plans"

{n: front-porch campaigning, front-porch campaign} a campaign in which the candidate makes speeches but does not travel
"William McKinley's dignified front-porch campaign won him the presidency in 1896"
"her approach was the opposite of a passive front-porch campaign"

{n: fund-raising campaign, fund-raising drive, fund-raising effort} a campaign to raise money for some cause

{n: governor's race, campaign for governor} a race for election to the governorship

{n: handler} an agent who handles something or someone
"the senator's campaign handlers"

{n: hustings} the activities involved in political campaigning (especially speech making)

{n: joke} a triviality not to be taken seriously
"I regarded his campaign for mayor as a joke"

{n: market strategist} someone skilled in planning marketing campaigns

{n: naval campaign} an operation conducted primarily by naval forces in order to gain or extend or maintain control of the sea

{n: operation, military operation} activity by a military or naval force (as a maneuver or campaign)
"it was a joint operation of the navy and air force"

{n: orchestration} an arrangement of events that attempts to achieve a maximum effect
"the skillful orchestration of his political campaign"

{n: playbook} a scheme or set of strategies for conducting a business campaign or a political campaign
"they borrowed a page from the playbook of the opposition"

{n: political campaign, campaign, run} a race between candidates for elective office
"I managed his campaign for governor"
"he is raising money for a Senate run"

{n: political contribution, political donation} a contribution made to a politician or a political campaign or a political party

{n: product introduction} the introduction (usually by an advertising campaign) of a new product or product line

{n: public-relations campaign} an advertising campaign intended to improve public relations

{n: reform} a campaign aimed to correct abuses or malpractices
"the reforms he proposed were too radical for the politicians"

{n: sales campaign} an advertising campaign intended to promote sales

{n: senate campaign, senate race} a race for election to the senate

{n: soft money} political contributions made in such a way as to avoid the United States regulations for federal election campaigns (as by contributions to a political action committee)

{n: spearhead} someone who leads or initiates an activity (attack or campaign etc.)

{n: spin} a distinctive interpretation (especially as used by politicians to sway public opinion)
"the campaign put a favorable spin on the story"

{n: stumping} campaigning for something by making political speeches (stump speeches)

{n: torchbearer} a leader in a campaign or movement

{n: trench warfare} a struggle (usually prolonged) between competing entities in which neither side is able to win
"the hope that his superior campaigning skills would make a difference evaporated in the realization that electioneering had become a form of trench warfare"

{n: war chest} a fund accumulated to finance a war (or a political campaign)

{n: war room} a room where strategic decisions are made (especially for military or political campaigns)

{n: war} a concerted campaign to end something that is injurious
"the war on poverty"
"the war against crime"

{n: whispering campaign} the organized dissemination of derogatory rumors designed to discredit a candidate

{n: whistle-stop tour} a tour by a candidate as part of a political campaign in which a series of small towns are visited
"in 1948 Truman crossed the country several times on his whistle-stop tours"

{v: bid} make a serious effort to attain something
"His campaign bid for the attention of the poor population"

{v: campaign, run} run, stand, or compete for an office or a position
"Who's running for treasurer this year?"

{v: campaign, take the field} go on a campaign ; go off to war

{v: canvass, canvas} solicit votes from potential voters in an electoral campaign

{v: crusade, fight, press, campaign, push, agitate} exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person ; be an advocate for
"The liberal party pushed for reforms"
"She is crusading for women's rights"
"The Dean is pushing for his favorite candidate"

{v: dissuade, deter} turn away from by persuasion
"Negative campaigning will only dissuade people"
<-> persuade

{v: electioneer} work actively for a political candidate or a party
"My neighbors are busy electioneering during the Presidential election campaign"

{v: engage, wage} as of wars, battles, or campaigns
"Napoleon and Hitler waged war against all of Europe"

{v: mount} put up or launch
"mount a campaign against pronography"

{v: re-argue} argue again
"This politician will be forced into re-arguing an old national campaign"

He was elected on an independent ticket as a campaigning candidate for the electorate of Tatton, protesting the alleged irregular behaviour of sitting MP Neil Hamilton.
他以独立身份入选作为塔顿选举团竞选活动的候选人,抗议竞选连任的下议院议员尼尔·汉密尔顿有所谓的非法行为。

For a television documentary about campaigning journalists, Dying to Tell the Story does a good job of campaigning--so that the journalists, like the pictures, don't just disappear.
作为一部介绍战地记者的电视纪录片《冒着生命危险讲述新闻故事》起了很好的宣传作用-因此新闻记者们,就像那些图片一样,不会轻易地消失掉。

That sentiment has been taken up with near-crusading zeal by the Roman Catholic church, which is overtly campaigning to create as many new saints as possible.
罗马天主教以近乎推动一场运动般的热情接受了这一民意,直截了当地极力主张塑造尽可能多的圣徒。

Besides campaigning for a ban on nuclear weaponry, he denounced McCarthyism and pleaded for an end to bigotry and racism.
除力主张禁止核武器之外,他还抨击麦卡锡主义,呼吁结束各社会偏见族主义。

By the end of the 1950s, Japan had embarked on a campaign to entrance housewives with what became known as the " three holy durables " washing machines, refrigerators and vacuum cleaners.
到 20世纪 50年代末,日本发起了一场让家庭妇女心驰神往的三大件(洗衣机、冰箱及吸尘器)运动。

She perhaps agrees, but prefers denial and resumption of her re-election campaign.
凯可能也这样认为,但她拒绝承认,仍继续参加竞选,争取再次当上众议员。

Their sponsor, Mr. Parizio Bertelli, Prada couture house CEO, offered to pay for the Olympic campaigns of three top New Zealand-based sailors if they would coach the Italian team.
船队赞助商普拉达时装公司首席执行官帕里奇奥·贝尔泰利邀请三位新西兰顶尖水手出任这支意大利帆船队教练。作为回报,他将负责这三位选手参加奥运会的各种费用。

As a result, the Cup competition has begun to resemble an all-out war - and not the naval campaign it had always seemed.
这样一来,美洲杯帆船赛变得更像一场参赛各方全力出击的激战,不再像以前那样仅是一场海上竞标。

So far, says Dr. Aila Rissanen, president of the Finnish Association for the Study of Obesity, she has been unable to persuade either the government or local health authorities to launch a similarly large-scale anti-obesity campaign.
芬兰肥胖症研究协会会长艾拉·里泽南医生说,到目前为止,她无法说服政府或地方的卫生保健部门开展一场同样大规模的反肥胖症运动。

Yet no European governments are tackling the obesity problem with either a public health campaign or research.
但是没有任何欧洲国家发起一场全民健身运动或研究活动,来对付肥胖症。

The larger new entrants in Spain are spending more, but Jazztel was the first to come out with a large advertising campaign to promote the company's brand, and its prepaid calling cards are linked with the Barcelona Football Club.
规模较大的西班牙新兴电信公司在营销方面的支出很高,但 Jazztel 是第一家为宣传公司品牌而发动大规模广告攻势的公司。它与巴塞罗那足球会联合发行了一种预付费电话卡。

And to understand the local life, visit the section on the state's campaigns to encourage residents to sing, be healthy and be kind.
要了解当地人的生活情况,可以访问网址上一个政府鼓励居民唱歌的宣传活动专栏,要人民保持健康,和气待人。

But he's not devoting much time to his campaign.
只是他花在竞选活动上的时间并不多。

Ms. Hughes first worked for Mr. Bush more than a decade ago in his campaign for Texas governor. She served as communications director during his first term at the White House, but left after his re-election campaign to return to her home state of Texas with her family.
休斯女士在10多年前第一次为布什工作,为布什竞选得克萨斯州长,在布什总统的第一届任期内,休斯在白宫担任负责传媒的主任,不过在布什竞选连任后,她回到德州和家人团聚。

White House officials say the president is launching a campaign to sharpen the focus on two of the biggest concerns for Americans, the war in Iraq and the economy at home.
白宫官员说,布什总统正在采取行动,进一步把注意力放在美国人最关心的伊拉克战争和国内经济两大议题上。

The president is also trying to refocus public attention on an improving U.S. economy and his plans to reform the federal retirement program, known as Social Security. After four months of White House campaigning for changes to Social Security, the CBS News / New York Times poll shows only one quarter of Americans approve of the president's plan.
布什还希望把公众注意焦点放在正在改善中的美国经济,以及他对联邦退休计划,也就是社会保障计划的改革方案上。在白宫推行社会保障改革四个月后,哥伦比亚广播公司和《纽约时报》的民意调查显示,只有四分之一的美国人对布什提出的方案表示赞成。

The pictures were first published by The Sun newspaper in London. The paper reported it received them from a U.S. military source who hoped the humiliating photos would hurt the Iraqi insurgency, which has been conducting an intensified bombing campaign in recent weeks. The Sun quotes its source as saying the pictures show that Saddam is a "humble, old man now" and that they prove that his Baath Party is "never coming back."
照片最先登在伦敦出版的《太阳报》上。报纸报导说这些照片来自美军内部,提供这些侮辱性的照片的人说希望籍此打击伊拉克抵抗力量。伊拉克的抵抗力量几周来加强了炸弹袭击的力度。《太阳报》援引提供照片的人士的话说,萨达姆“现在只是一个卑贱的老头了”。这些照片可以证明萨达姆的复兴党“一去不复返了”。

Some prominent Republicans, including former First Lady Nancy Reagan, have called on President Bush to ease restrictions on federal funding for more embryonic stem cell lines. Former President Ronald Reagan died last year after a long battle with Alzheimer's. His son, Ron Jr., made stem cells an issue in last year's presidential campaign with a speech at the Democratic National Convention.
包括前第一夫人南希·里根在内的一些著名共和党人,也呼吁布什总统放松限制,允许联邦资金赞助更多的对胚胎干细胞种类的研究。前总统罗纳德·里根去年死于长期折磨他的阿兹海默氏老年痴呆症。他的儿子罗恩,在去年总统大选期间在民主党全国代表大会上发表的演讲中,曾把干细胞研究作为问题提了出来。

A two-month campaign by the administration to win support for the president's Social Security reform plan has drawn little public enthusiasm. And so Mr. Bush used the opportunity before a national audience to make his case once again.
布什政府过去两个月来一直在向民众积极宣传总统的社会保障福利改革计划,但是公众反应冷淡。于是,布什总统利用这次站在全国电视观众面前讲话的机会,再次提出他的主张。

Concern over the president's plan is not limited to Democrats. Some Republicans are nervous about public opinion polls that suggest growing majorities disapprove of the president's approach to Social Security, even as he campaigns on the issue around the country.
对布什总统的方案有顾虑的不仅仅是民主党人士,一些共和党人对民意调查的结果感到担心。民意调查显示,不认同布什总统解决社安制度方案的人越来越多,即使布什正在为他的方案在全国各地争取支持。

A consortium of more than 60 international non-governmental organizations says it will launch a global campaign on the Right to Water on March 22, which is World Water Day. The activists say they want the United Nations to begin negotiations for a legally binding Convention to provide safe, clean water for millions of people around the world.
60多个国际非政府机构说,它们将在3月22号,也就是“世界水日”当天,发起一场全球性的用水权利运动。活动人士说,他们希望联合国开始谈判,争取达成为世界各地千百万人提供安全清洁用水问题的国际公约。

The non-governmental organizations say plans for a citizens' campaign to provide safe, clean water for more than a billion deprived people began more than three years ago. The President of Green Cross International, Alexander Likhotal, says the campaign will officially kick off next Tuesday on World Water Day.
这些非政府机构说,它们在三年多前就开始计划发动为十多亿人提供安全、清洁用水的公民运动。国际绿色十字会主席亚利山大·利霍塔尔说,这个运动将在下星期二的世界水日正式启动。

He says through the use of "People power", the campaign hopes to persuade governments they must do more to provide their people with clean, safe water. Currently, he says, no legal instrument exists which can force governments to do this.
利霍塔尔说,希望通过这次运动,以“人民的力量”劝导各国政府为它们的人民提供清洁和安全的用水。他说,目前还没有一部法律文件能够强制要求各国政府这样做。

"The only practical way of addressing the water crisis is through consolidation of civil society and the creation of a legally binding mechanism for resolving all water-related issues," he said. "This is why Green Cross International together with other international, national and local organizations has launched an international public campaign to urge the national governments to start the negotiations of the global treaty on the right to water."
利霍塔尔说:“解决水危机唯一行之有效的办法是通过联合公民社会以及创建一套法律约束机制等方式来解决所有与水相关的问题。这也就是为什么国际绿色十字会和其他国际性以及各国和地区性的机构共同发起了这次公众性的运动,以敦促各国政府开始协商,制订全球性的用水权利协议。”

Over the next three years, he says the campaign hopes to gather millions of signatures through an online petition in support of the Convention. He says the signatures will be presented to the United Nations as a rallying call for it to begin negotiations on a Framework Convention on the Right to Water.
利霍塔尔说,在今后三年时间里,将通过这个运动在网络上就支持制订这样一项公约征集数百万个签名。他说,这些签名将被递交给联合国,用以呼吁它就制订一部用水权利框架公约开始进行协商。

Chinese officials on Monday said they shut down 12,575 Internet cafes between October and December of last year, as part of what the government calls a campaign to protect children from violent games and pornography. Officials said most of the locations closed down were located near schools.
中国官员们周一表示他们在去年10月到12月间关闭了12575家网吧,这一行动是政府呼吁保护儿童远离暴力游戏和色情的一部分。官员们说主要关闭的是在学校附近地区的网吧。

Mr. Powell has given no indication Mr. Yushchenko intends to reverse a campaign pledge to bring the 1,600 troops home. But he says the new Ukrainian leadership has said that whatever action it takes will be in full consultation with the United States.
鲍威尔没有说尤先科是否打算按竞选时所承诺的那样撤回1600名在伊拉克的乌克兰官兵。但是鲍威尔说,新的乌克兰领导人表示,不管采取什么行动,他们都会事先和美国磋商。

President Bush says Americans were presented with two different assessments of the situation in Iraq during the 2004 campaign. He says they rejected the arguments of the Democratic Party nominee, Senator John Kerry, and stood with his administration.
布什总统说,美国人在2004年竞选中面临着对伊拉克局势的两种不同评估。布什说,人们没有接受民主党总统候选人克里的观点,而是站在了现任政府的立场上。

Every year, U.S. Marines hold an annual Christmas toy drive, where they collect toys and donations for underprivileged children. Volunteers take the children into a makeshift "store" where they are allowed to pick a few items for themselves. The "Toys for Tots" program is national campaign that has helped millions of children. Across the United States, people use lights and decorations to mark the Christmas holidays. In one neighborhood in Texas, residents have outfitted their homes with thousands of lights. Some homes have specific themes, like politics or current events.
美国海军陆战队每年都要举行一年一度的圣诞节玩具捐赠活动,人们把各种玩具和礼品捐给家境贫穷的孩子们。自愿人员还把孩子们带到模拟商店中,让他们挑选自己喜欢的礼物。这个全国性计划帮助了上百万的孩子们。全美各地的人们都在张灯结彩庆祝圣诞节。在得克萨斯州的一个居民区,人们用五彩缤纷的圣诞灯把房子装饰起来。有些家庭的圣诞装饰还带有时事政治主题。

President Bush has met with senior national security advisors to discuss the newly-released videotape from al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden. The Bush campaign says Democratic challenger Senator John Kerry is trying to use that tape to influence the outcome of Tuesday's U.S. presidential election.
布什总统跟他的高级安全顾问开会,讨论基地组织头目本·拉登最新公布的录像。布什竞选班子说民主党挑战者约翰·克里参议员正试图利用这盘录像带影响星期二美国大选的结果。

On a secure video link from the campaign trail, President Bush discussed the bin Laden tape with his attorney general, the heads of the CIA and FBI, and his director of Homeland Security.
布什总统在竞选途中通过保密的录像系统同司法部长、中央情报局局长、联邦调查局局长以及国土安全部官员就本拉登的录像带进行了商讨。

Bush campaign Communications Director Dan Bartlett says Senator Kerry is trying to score some political advantage from the tape by continuing a line of attack that Mr. Bartlett says is just plain wrong.
布什竞选班子的对外联络部主任达恩·巴列特说克里参议员继续不断地发动攻击,试图从这卷录像带中获得政治优势。巴列特说这是个错误的做法。

With three days to go before Election Day, President Bush is campaigning Saturday in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Florida. Senator Kerry is campaigning in Wisconsin, Iowa and Ohio.
目前距离大选日还有三天的时间,布什总统星期六前往密西根州、威斯康辛州、明尼苏达州和佛罗里达州竞选。克里参议员在威斯康辛、爱奥华州和俄亥俄州参加竞选活动。

President Bush and Democratic challenger Senator John Kerry used their political parties' weekly radio addresses to campaign for an election that is just 10 days away.
美国总统布什和民主党总统候选人克里参议员利用各自政党的每周例行广播讲话进行竞选活动。现在距离选举日只有十天了。

In the last week of campaigning, President Bush has highlighted the Senator's remarks about September 11, but it is not the whole quote. Senator Kerry did say the attack did not change him much. But he says that is because he was already concerned about terrorism, before September 11, because of his years on the Senate Intelligence Committee.
布什总统在上个星期的竞选活动中,强调了克里参议员有关9/11事件的讲话,不过,布什并没有完整引述克里的话。克里确实说过9/11恐怖袭击并没有改变他太多,但是他说,这是因为他在9/11之前就已经在关注恐怖主义这个问题了,因为他在参议院情报委员会已经任职有些年了。

President Bush campaigned in the state of Florida Saturday before returning to his Texas ranch ahead of a Republican rally in New Mexico on Sunday.
布什总统星期六在佛罗里达州进行竞选活动,然后回到他位于德克萨斯州的农场,再于星期天前往新墨西哥州出席一个共和党人的集会。

Senator Kerry campaigned in Colorado, Texas, and New Mexico Saturday, before Sunday's Democratic rally in Ohio.
克里参议员星期六在科罗拉多、德克萨斯和新墨西哥州进行竞选活动,星期天将出席在俄亥俄州举行的民主党人集会。

Mr. Hoon played down speculation that the U.S. request was timed to give President Bush a boost in his re-election campaign against Senator John Kerry, who has complained that the United States is bearing 90 percent of the burden in the Iraq war."I want to make clear that the request is a military request. And although it is linked to elections, it is not linked to the U.S. elections but with efforts to create the best possible security situation in which to hold the Iraqi elections in January," emphasized Mr. Hoon.
外界纷纷猜测,美国此时提出这个要求是因为布什总统为了在总统大选中打击对手克里参议员并借此提高自己的声望,因为克里抱怨美国在伊拉克战争中负担了百分之九十以上的任务。胡恩刻意对这种猜测低调处理。他说:“我要澄清得是,这个要求是一项军事要求。尽管这个行动和选举有关,但并不是和美国的选举有关,而是为明年一月举行大选的伊拉克创造最好的安全局势。”

Some military analysts predict British troops would be exposed to more attacks if they take a higher profile in backing up a U.S.-led counter-terrorism campaign. The experts also say the deployment would leave about 7,000 British troops in southern Iraq without sufficient reserves if pre-election violence flares up there.
一些军事分析人士预测,如果英国高调支持美国的反恐行动,那么将让英国军队遭受到更多攻击,分析人士也说,这个部署行动将使英国在伊拉克南部只剩下七千名士兵,如果选举前当地发生暴乱的话,英国军队的人数将不足应付。

President Bush and challenger John Kerry clashed over the economy, taxes and health care, Wednesday evening, in the final debate of the presidential campaign.
美国总统布什和他的挑战者克里参议员在星期三晚上进行第三场,也是最后一场辩论。双方在经济和社会问题上针锋相对、各抒已见。

President Bush and Democratic challenger John Kerry are back on the campaign trail after their second debate Friday evening.
在星期五晚上举行第二次辩论后,布什总统和民主党总统候选人克里又重新回到竞选旅途中。

At a political rally in the Midwest state of Missouri, the Republican president continued a familiar theme of his campaign: that Senator Kerry is a so-called flip-flopper on national security issues who changes his opinion to take whatever view is most politically opportune."Several of his statements just don't pass the credibility test," he said. "With a straight face, he said, I've only had one position on Iraq. He must think we've been on another planet. In the spring of 2003, as I ordered the invasion of Iraq, Senator Kerry said it was the right decision. Now he says it is the wrong war."
在中西部的密苏里州的一次政治集会上,这位共和党总统继续重弹他的竞选老调。他说:“克里参议员在国家安全问题上变来变去。为了政治投机,他会根据形势需要改变自己的观点。”布什还说:“他表达的几个观点根本就无法令人信服。他会一本正经地说,在伊拉克问题上,他只有一个立场。在2003年春,当我命令进攻伊拉克的时候,克里说这是个正确的决定。现在他又说这是一场错误的战争。”

After a day of campaigning, both men meet privately with political aides to prepare for their third and last debate this coming Wednesday in the southwest state of Arizona.
在结束了一天的竞选活动后,两位总统候选人都会见了各自的政治助手,为下星期三在西南部的亚利桑那州举行的第三场,也就是最后一场辩论做准备。

President Bush and Senator John Kerry resumed their presidential campaigns Friday, one day after a televised debate that focused on foreign policy. Both sides believe they benefited from the first of three presidential debates.
在结束以外交政策为重点的电视辩论后,星期五,布什总统和参议员克里继续总统竞选的旅程。竞选的双方都认为他们在三场总统辩论的首场辩论中获益。

Representatives from both campaigns took to the airwaves following the debate to proclaim their candidate the winner.Senator John Edwards, the Democratic vice presidential candidate, had this assessment on NBC television.
在辩论结束后,两大竞选阵营的代表都急切地告诉媒体说,他们的候选人是辩论的赢家。民主党副总统候选人、参议员爱德华兹对美国国家广播公司就表达了这样的观点。

In an interview with the French news agency, AFP, Wednesday, Secretary of State Colin Powell said he was disappointed that other nations have not followed the United States' lead in terming the Janjaweed-led campaign in Darfur as genocide. Such action he said, would have ratcheted-up the pressure on the Khartoum government to curb the violence.
星期三,美国国务卿鲍威尔在接受法新社采访的时候表示,他对其它国家没有跟美国一起把阿拉伯民兵马枪队在达尔富尔地区的暴行称作种族灭绝感到失望。他说,如果各国都认定那里发生了种族灭绝的行为,就会增加对喀土穆政府的压力,让喀土穆政府控制暴力活动。

The situation in Iraq has become a major issue in the U.S. presidential campaign. And the Sunday morning news programs also featured the comments of key advisors to Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry.On Meet the Press, former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said the situation in Iraq is much more difficult than the Bush administration is willing to admit. She said in order for there to be elections in January, U.N. officials in that country, who are making preparations for the balloting, have to feel secure.
伊拉克局势已成为美国总统竞选中一个主要议题。星期天早上的新闻节目中,还包括民主党提名的总统候选人克里的重要顾问的评论。在“会见媒体”节目中,前国务卿奥尔布赖特说,伊拉克的局势比布什政府愿意承认的要严重的多。她说,为了能在明年1月进行选举,目前在伊拉克为投票做准备的联合国官员必须感到安全才行。

President Bush is campaigning his way toward New York City and this week's Republican National Convention, where he will be re-nominated to run for another four years in office. Mr. Bush spoke to the nation's largest veterans' group, The American Legion.
布什总统正朝着纽约市继续他的竞选行程。在本星期的共和党全国代表大会上,布什总统将再度被提名代表共和党竞选下一届总统。布什总统已经对美国最大的退伍军人团体美国军团发表了讲话。

President Bush says he is taking no chances on the way to his party's convention in New York, with rallies in the important swing states of Iowa and Pennsylvania after the American Legion meeting. He will campaign Wednesday in Ohio before flying to New York, where he will be re-nominated Thursday.
在和美国军团会面之后,布什总统将参加在爱奥华和宾夕法尼亚等重要州举行的集会。他说,他决不会在前往纽约市参加共和党全国代表大会的路上掉以轻心。布什星期三在前往纽约之前,将先到俄亥俄州竞选,然后于星期四接受共和党的提名。

Senator Kerry breaks with tradition and speaks out during his opponent's convention with remarks to the American Legion convention Wednesday. He has made veterans a cornerstone of a campaign that emphasizes his service in the Vietnam War as evidence of his ability to serve as commander-in-chief.
在对手共和党举行全国代表大会之际,参议员克里将打破传统在星期三美国军团的会议上发表讲话。克里以退伍军人为竞选的支柱,在竞选中强调他在越战中服役,并以此证明他的确有能力担任美国武装部队的最高统帅。

Senator Kerry has pledged a range of steps to strengthen the U.S. and has received the endorsement of many veterans groups. At a campaign event Wednesday here in Boston, a dozen former U.S. generals and admirals endorsed Mr. Kerry for president.
参议员克里发誓要采取一系列的措施来加强美国,并且得到许多退伍军人的支持。在波士顿星期三的竞选活动中,有十多名退伍的将军支持克里成为美国总统。

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