英语学习词典
  

break

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break [ breik] vt.打破;损坏;破坏

break away 突然离开;逃跑,脱身

break down 打破;发生故障;中止

break in 训练;强行进入;打断

break into 闯进;突然…起来

break off (使)折断;中断;断绝

break out (战争等)爆发;逃出

break through 突破,冲垮;突围

break up 打碎;(关系)破裂

break faith 背信,背弃信仰

break the ice 打破沉默

break into pieces (使)成为碎片

break one's word 失信,食言

break in on 打扰;打断

break out into 长出(嫩芽等);迸发出

break up 分裂,分解;解散

break away (from) 脱离,逃跑

break down 损坏,分解,瓦解

break in 强行进入,闯入;打断,插嘴

break into 闯入

break off 断绝,结束

break out 逃出,突然发生,爆发

break through 突破

break up 中止,结束;打碎,拆散

break away (from)
脱离,逃跑

break down
损坏,分解,瓦解

break in
强行进入,闯入;打断,插嘴

break into
闯入

break off
断绝,结束

break out
逃出,突然发生,爆发

break through
突破

break up
中止,结束;打碎,拆散

break [breik] n. 间隙

break v. 打破(断,碎);损坏,撕开

broken ['brəukən] a. 弄坏了的

break [breik] 中断

打破僵局 break the deadlock

杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel

break the record 打破记录 

to break the contract 毁约

fast break 快攻

I'd like to break this 50 dollar note.
我想把这张50美圆纸币换开。

break down 故障;毁坏

break in 适合

break it off 吹了

break one's heart 使某人心碎

break one's neck 痛打一顿;拼命做某事

break the ice 打破僵局;打破沉默

break the routine 调剂一下

either make or break 不成功,便成人

give sb a break 给某人一个改过的机会

go broke 破产

take a break 休息一下

If your mobile breaks down more than twice because of a mechanical fault, we will replace it.
如果你的手机出现两次以上的故障,我们将予以更换。

If your mobile phone breaks down, we will carry out as many repairs as your product needs, free of charge.
如果你的手机出现故障,我们随时提供免费修理。

但愿坏习惯象心一样易碎。
If only bad habits could be broken as easily as hearts!

杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel

break the record 打破记录

break-even analysis 盈亏平衡分析

break-even volume 盈亏平衡产量

break in service
中断服务

Elongation at break 断裂延伸率

Break-even analysis 损益两平分析

Break-even point 损益两平点

break the contract 撕毁合同

厢式零担运输车
break bulk cargo carrier

When patterns are broken, new worlds can emerge.
当旧模式被打破,新的世界就出现了。

When the man you like switches from what he said a year ago, or four years ago, he is a broadminded person who has courage enough to change his mind with changing conditions. When a man you don't like does it, he is a liar who has broken his promises.
当你喜欢的人改变一年前或四年前的说法时,他是个有足够勇气随时修正意见的坦荡的人;当你不喜欢的人这么做,他就是个食言的骗子。

When the fire broke out, the students showed good discipline.
火灾发生时,这些学生表现出良好的纪律性。

Work was halted when the machine broke down.
机器出故障时,工作停了下来。

A fire broke out in the basement of the building.
在大楼的地下室发生了火灾。

Lighten up, would you? She didn't mean to break the glass.
别生气了,行吗?她不是有意打碎瓶子的。

The news that war might break out alarmed the people.
战争可能爆发的消息使人们惊恐不安。

He broke his leg, and as a result, he had to be away from school for two or three months.
他腿断了,此他只好两三个月不上学。

Everybody was alarmed at the news that a war might break out.
大家听到战争可能爆发的消息都很惊慌。

Breaking the dish was accidental; he didn't mean to do it.
打破碗是件意外的事,他不是有意的。

Whoever broke the window, he should pay for the damage.
无论谁打破了窗户,都得赔偿。

Whoever broke the window, he should pay for the damage.
无论谁打破了窗户,都得赔偿。

The revolution was out of control and fighting broke out.
革命已失去了控制,发生了打斗。

Who is responsible for breaking the window?
是谁把镜子打破了。

The police observed the man break into the store.
警察看着那个人闯进了那个商店。

If the tension of this rope is increased it will break.
如果拉力增加,绳子就会断掉。

I don't know what's wrong with me today: I keep breaking things.
我不知道今天我怎么了,老是打破东西。

In a fit of rage, he broke the valuable glass.
盛怒之下,他把贵重的杯子摔破了。

I can't believe the boys broke the windows intentionally.
我相信这些男孩不是故意打碎窗玻璃的。

Basically I think he is the boy who broke my window.
我基本上认为他就是打破我窗户的男孩。

The party was a nightmare. Children jumped on the furniture, broke a window, and got the floors all dirty.
那次聚会可怕极了。孩子们跳到家具上面,打破了一扇窗户,还把地板全弄脏了。

The police are probing (into) trading which breaks the law.
警方正在调查非法交易活动。

He must have been aware that his parents’ marriage was breaking up.
他一定已经知道父母的婚姻正面临破裂。

The cup hit the wall and broke on impact.
杯子碰在墙上时碎掉了。

X-rays have confirmed that he has not broken any bones.
X光检查证明他没有任何骨折。

Having a holiday is good for you to break from routine.
度假对改变一下日常生活是有好处的。

I’m afraid that I've got something to confess: I’ve broken your vase.
恐怕有件事我得坦白告诉你——我打破了你的花瓶。

An argument broke out.
发生了一场争论。

Britain threatened to break off diplomatic relations.
英国威胁说要断绝外交关系。

The marriage on the basis of money is bound to break up.
建立在金钱基础上的婚姻是肯定要破裂的。

Marriages usually break down as a result of the shortcomings of both partners.
婚姻破裂通常是男女双方的缺点所造成的。

She dropped the bowl on the floor, and it broke into fragments.
她把碗掉在地上,摔成了碎片。

He's had a good year with several big breaks.
这一年他事事顺利,好运连连。

Anna got a lucky break yesterday when the teacher failed to notice she was late for class.
安娜昨天运气不错,上课迟到而老师却没有注意到。

enter into a negotiation 进入谈判
break off a negotiation 谈判破裂

She stepped delicately over the broken glass.
她小心翼翼地走过碎玻璃。

Sorry, it's broken. You have to use the stairs.
对不起,它坏了,你只能走楼梯了。

She mended the broken doll. 她修补了破了的洋娃娃。

He broke his words once again. 他又一次违背了诺言。

Let's take a short break for lunch. 让我们休息一会儿,去吃午饭。

There is a broken small old gray stone bridge over the river河上有一座破烂不堪的、古老的、灰色的小石桥。

If he had not broken his tooth, he would not be in hospital now.如果他没有把牙齿弄坏,现在就不在医院了。

No prudent person dared to act on the assumption that, when the continent was settled, one government could include the whole; and when the vast expense broke up, as seemed inevitable, into a collection of separate nations, only discord, antagonism, and wars could be expected.
没有一个谨慎的人能按如下的假设行事:当陆地确定以后,一个政府并不能包括全部;当这种巨大的开销终于分裂为几个民族时,这看起来是不可避免的,人们就只能等待着争论,敌对和战争了。

Above all , they got over Lincoln’s point that “ the necessity of being ready increase”, for they left no doubt that this was not the climax of their campaign for equality but merely the beginning, that they were going to stay in the streets until they could get equality in the schools, restaurants, houses and employment agencies of the nation, and that, as they demonstrated here today, they had found an effective way to demonstrate for changes in the laws without breaking the law themselves.
首先,他们明白了林肯的“准备增长的必需性”理论,因为他们一点也不怀疑他们争取平等的运动还没有达到高潮,而仅仅是个开端,他们要继续在街上静坐直到他们在学校、饭店、室内和职业介绍机构得到平等对待的权力。而且,就像他们现在展示的一样,他们已经找到了不触犯法律来引起法律的改变的有效的方法。

But in actual practice this system breaks down in many ways, because the organism and the environment are constantly interacting so that the environment is modified by the orgainism and vice versa.
但是在实际中这套系统在很多方面失败了,因为有机物和环境在不断相互作用,所以环境在不断被有机物修改,反过来也是一样。

He broke a bone in his leg.
他摔断了一根腿骨。

The window broke into pieces.
窗户碎成碎片。

The cold weather at last broke at the end of March.
寒冷的天气终于在三月末结束了。

There is a break during the performance for the audience to take a rest.
演出中有一次中场休息,让听众们稍事休息。

His broken English showed he was a foreigner.
他的蹩脚的英语说明他是一个外国人。

Don't cut your finger on the broken glass.
别让碎玻璃割伤你的手。

The thief broke into the house during the night.
小偷在夜间破门进入住宅。

The police had to employ force to break up the crowd.
警察不得不使用武力驱散人群。

The force of the explosion broke all the windows in the building.
爆炸的力量震碎了这座建筑上的所有窗户。

I cut my hand on some broken glass.
碎玻璃割伤了我的手。

The branch broke and fell to the ground.
树枝断了,落在地上。

I hid the broken plate behind the table.
我把打碎的盘子藏在餐桌后面了。

They broke into his store.
他们闯入他的店里。

His left arm was broken.
他的左臂断了。

The fox broke loose and ran away.
狐狸挣脱了束缚跑掉了。

I opened my mail and was surprised to see a broken vase.
我打开了邮件,惊讶地发现了一个打碎的花瓶。

My husband trusts me and I don't intend to break that trust.
我的丈夫信任我,所以我不想失去这种信任。

Do you know who broke the window?
你知道谁打破了窗户?

能帮我换开100日元吗?
Do you have change for one hundred yen? *change 除了“交换,兑换”的意思之外,还有“零钱,破开的钱”。
Do you have change for one hundred yen? (能帮我换开100日元吗?)
Sure. (可以。)
Can you change this? (能帮我破一下吗?)
Can you break a one-hundred-yen bill? (能帮我破开100日元吗?)
Can you break a hundred?
I'd like to change a hundred-yen note. (我想破开100日元。)
Here's one hundred yen. Could I have change? (这是100日元,能帮我破开吗?)

身无分文。
I'm broke.
May I borrow ten dollars? (能借给我10美元吗?)
Sorry, I'm broke. (对不起,我现在身无分文。)
I have no money.
I'm out of money.
I'm flat broke. * 强调的说法。

我腿骨折了。
I broke my leg.
What happened? (你怎么了?)
I broke my leg. (我腿骨折了。)

克里斯长得真帅。
Chris is really a heartbreaker. *用heartbreaker表示“长得很帅,对异性有吸引力的人”。进一步讲,“heartbreaker”是指给异性带来撕心裂肺的痛苦和失望的人,魅惑他人,让人沉醉的人。Elvis Presley (爱尔维斯·普里斯利)有一首成名曲“Heartbreak Hotel”,指的就是“(因恋爱而)绝望的人住的饭店”。
Chris breaks a lot of hearts. (克里斯使很多女人尝到了失恋的痛苦。)
Chris dates a lot of women. (克里斯和许多女人有来往。)

他好像看上你了。
I think he has a crush on you. *have a crush on...“看上……”。
I think he has a crush on you. (他好像看上你了。)
Give me a break. (别随便瞎说。)
I think he is infatuated with you. * be infatuated with...“被……迷住,为……神魂颠倒”。
I think he likes you.

你也太狠心了。
You broke my heart. *break...heart在恋爱中“使……十分痛苦”,用于甩掉自己的人。
You broke my heart. (你也太狠心了。)
I didn't mean to... (我不是那个意思……)

我不能失去你。
I can't get over losing you. *get over“(从疾病、痛苦中)恢复,重新站起”。
I can't recover from breaking up with you. (我无法接受和你的分手。)
I can't forget you. (我无法忘记你。)

和你分手是我最大的痛苦。
Breaking up is hard to do. *break up“朋友、夫妻间的分手”。
make up (和好,言归于好)

请不要伤我的心。
Don't break my heart. *break one's heart“使……万分痛苦,让对方因失恋而痛苦”。
I want to break up. (我想和你分手。)
Don't break my heart. (请不要伤我的心。)
Don't make me sad.

复印机有毛病了。
This copy machine doesn't work.
This copy machine isn't working.
This copier is broken. (这台复印机坏了。)

我们休息一会儿吧。
Let's take a break.
Let's take a break. (我们休息一会儿吧。)
Yes, let's. (好吧,休息一会儿吧。)
Let's take a break, shall we?
Shall we take a break. (我们休息一会儿吗?)

我们有1小时的午休时间。
We took an hour lunch break.
Where were you? (你去哪儿了?)
We took an hour lunch break. (我们有1小时的午休时间。)

加油啊!祝你好运!
Good luck.
Break a leg. *原本是对要上台演出的人说的话。
Go for it. (走吧!)
Hang in there. (那,加油吧!)

要遵守规则。
Follow the rules. *follow “遵守,服从(规则、命令、劝说等等)”。
Follow the rules. (要遵守规则。)
You're the one not following the rules. (你就没有遵守规则。)
Don't violate rules. (不许违反规则。)
Don't violate regulations. (不许违反章程。)
Don't break the rules. (不许破坏规则。)

别食言。
Don't go back on your word!
I'm sorry, I can't do that. (对不起,我做不了。)
Don't go back on your word! (别食言。)
Don't break your promise. (不能说话不算数。)
You should keep your word.

不是我。
Not me. *当被指责“你干了……吧!”或“你说了……吧!”时给予的回答。“我没做。”“我没说。”较随便的口语说法。
Who broke my coffee cup? (谁把我的咖啡杯给打碎了?)
Not me. (不是我。)
It wasn't me.
I didn't do it. (我没干那事。)
I didn't say that. (我没说那事。)
I'm innocent. (我是清白的。)

我得研究研究。
I'll see what I can do.
We need longer breaks. (我们的休假有必要再长一些。)
I'll see what I can do. (我得研究研究。)

我已经忍无可忍了。
It's the last straw. *It's the last straw.是句谚语,出自The last straw breaks the camel's back. 意思是往骆驼身上放稻草,放得太多时,就是一根也会把骆驼的脊背压断。即忍耐超过了限度,就会爆发。
That's it.
It's the end.
It's the limit.
I can't take it anymore.

是怎么发生的?
How did it happen?
My car broke down. (我的汽车出故障了。)
How did it happen? (是怎么回事?)
How did that happen?

暑假什么时候开始?
When does summer break start?
When does summer break start? (暑假什么时候开始?)
On July 25th. (7月25号。)

拜托!
Give me a break.
I don't know her, I promise. (我发誓我不认识她。)
Give me a break! (算了吧,别玩花样了。)
Get real. (你认真点儿。)
Tell me the truth. (告诉我实话。)
Stop joking. (别开玩笑。)
Get serious. (说正经的。)
Stop kidding! (别耍弄我。)
Stop pulling my leg! (别跟我逗!)

你在骗我呢吧!
You tricked me. *trick“(采用计谋和策略)骗人,耍弄人,骗人做……”。
You tricked me. (你在骗我呢吧!)
Gimme a break. (哪有的事儿。)
You tricked me. (你在骗我呢吧!)
What are you talking about? (你说什么呢?)
You scammed me. (你骗了我。) *scam“骗,榨取”,俚语。
You pulled one over on me. *pull one over“骗,让……上当”。

我的心都碎了。
My heart broke.
I felt heart broken.

都已经过去了。
It's history. *表示“已经没有了”、“是过去的事了”。
I thought you loved him. (我想你很爱他。)
We broke up. It's history. (我们分手了,一切都成为过去了。)
It's all over.
It's in the past.
It's done with.

你该休息一会儿。(你需要喘口气。)
You need a break.
It's six o'clock already. (已经6点了。)
Yeah, you need a break. (是呀,你该休息会儿了。)
You need a rest.
You need to take a break.
You should take it easy. (你该放松会儿。)

I would like to suggest that we take a coffee break.
我建议我们休息一下喝杯咖啡。

I see. Let's break now.
我了解,让我们休息一下吧。

Shall we take a break?
我们是否应该休息一下?

Let us take a break now.
让我们休息一下。

Let me suggest we take a break.
我建议我们休息一下。

May I propose that we break for coffee now?
我可以提议休息一下,喝杯咖啡吗?

We've gone over quite a lot. Shall we take a break?
我们已进行很久了,让我们休息一下好吗?

I don't know about the rest of you, but I'd like a break.
我不知道你们是否要休息,但我想休息片刻。

That's international practice. We can't break it.
这是国际惯例,我们不能违背。

You cannot break the contract without any good reason.
如果没有什么正当理由,你们不应撕毁合同。

Where did you get the beat-up old car?
你从哪儿弄来那辆老爷车?
= Where did you buy the broken-down car?

Give me a break.
给我一个机会啦。
= Give me a chance.

So, you finally broke the ice.
你终于打破了僵局。
= So,you finally broke through.

Give me a break! 别开玩笑了!

Break up 男女朋友吹了

Broke 没钱;没现金

子曰:“吾十有五而志于学,三十而立,四十而不惑,五十而知天命,六十而耳顺,七十而从心所欲,不逾矩。”
Confucius said, “Since the age of 15, I have devoted myself to learning; since 30, I have been well established; since 40, I have understood many things and have no longer been confused; since 50, I have known my heaven-sent duty; since 60, I have been able to distinguish right and wrong in other people’s words; and since 70, I have been able to do what I intend freely without breaking the rules.”

当别人在你旁边罗嗦个没完,你烦透了,说“You are so boring “.(你真烦!)。“Shut up !”(闭嘴!)自然没错,可人家受得了吗?不如来一句“Oh, come on .Give me a break !” (帮帮忙,让我歇歇吧!)这多地道、多幽默。

I'm broke.
我身无分文。

Hard words break no bones.
忠言逆耳利于行。

A bad custom is like a good cake, better broken than kept.
坏习惯像鲜馅饼,分食要比保存好。

Credit, like a looking-glass, broken once, is gone, alas!
信誉像镜子,破碎无法补。

Hard words break no bones, fine words butter no parsnips.
粗话无害,甘言无益。

Hunger breaks stone wall.
饥饿不饶人。

If it is not right, do not do it; if it is not true, do not say it. (If it is not broken, do not fix it.)
不正确的事不做,不真实的话不说。

If it were not for hope, the heart would break.
人是靠希望活著的。

Music is the medicine of the breaking heart.
音乐是医治心灵创伤的妙药。

Omelets are not made without breaking eggs.
有失才有得。

The best horse needs breaking, and the aptest child needs teaching.
玉不琢不成器。

Without hope, the heart would break.
如无希望,心就破碎。

You can't make omelets (or omeletts) without breaking eggs.
有失才有得。

Quick break 快速断间

Water break test 水膜破坏试验

I would like to suggest that we take a coffee break.
我建议我们休息一下喝杯咖啡。

May I propose that we break for coffee now?
我可以提议休息一下,喝杯咖啡吗?

That's international practice. We can't break it.
这是国际惯例,我们不能违背。

The loss for this reason should be charged by the side breaking the contract.
造成的损失必须由毁约方承担。

Forgive me for breaking my promise.
原谅我食言。

A I’d like to go to Hong Kong for my next break. Have you been?
A 我下次放假的时候想去香港。你去过香港吗?
B Yes, I visited Hong Kong in 2003. I went there for a short holiday.
B 是的,我2003年去过香港。我在那里度过了一个短暂的假期。
A And did you like it?
A 你喜欢那里吗?
B Yes, it was good. I thought it was a great place. Lots to see and do, plus – I like Cantonese food.
B 是的,香港非常好。我想那是一个非常好的地方。很多可看的东西,很多可做的事情,再加上我喜欢广东菜。
A Well, Hong Kong is certainly the place for Cantonese food. What did you do there – apart from eating?
A 哦,香港当然是吃广东菜的地方。你在那里做了什么——除了吃以外?
B I went shopping, I went sight-seeing, and I did some short trips to the nearby islands.
B 我购物了,观光了,我还去了附近的岛屿。

A I’d like to go to Singapore for my next break. Have you been?
A 我想下次休假去新加坡。你去过新加坡吗?
B Yes, I went to Singapore last year - for a short holiday.
B 是的,去过。我去年去过新加坡——短暂的度假。
A And did you like it?
A 你喜欢那里吗?
B Yes, it was good. I thought it was a great place. Lots to see and do, plus – I liked the food.
B 是的,那里不错。我认为那是一个非常好的地方。很多可看的地方,很多可做的事情,而且我喜欢那里的食物。
A What did you do there – apart from eating?
A 你在那里都做了些什么——除了吃以外?
B I went shopping and sight-seeing. I had a really good time.
B 我去购物观光。我在那里非常开心。

A How about you? What was your weekend like?.
A 你呢?你周末过得怎么样?
B My weekend? I had a nice quiet weekend.
B 我的周末?我度过了一个安静悠闲的周末。
A Why? I thought you were going out. I thought you had big plans for the weekend.
A 是吗?我以为你出去了。我以为你周末有很大的计划。
B Yes, but I didn’t feel too well so I spent most of the weekend in bed.
B 是的,但是我感觉身体不太舒服,所以周末的大部分时间我都呆在床上。
A Oh, that’s a pity. At least you had a good rest!
A 噢,那太遗憾了。但是你至少好好休息了一下!
B Yes. In the end, I enjoyed the break.
B 是的。毕竟,我休息得很好。

A What will you do in the October holiday this year?
A 今年十一”长假的时候你打算做什么?
B I’m not sure. I’d like a break, but I’ve made no plans yet. What about you?
B 我还不确定。我想休息一下,但是我还没有确定的计划。你呢?
A I’m going on holiday in October. I’m going to go to Harbin for a week.
A 我10月份的时候将去度假。我将去哈尔滨呆一周。
B Will you see your family and friends?
B 你要去看你的家人和朋友吗?
A Yes, it will be a good chance to see everybody again.
A 是的,那将是再次看望大家的好机会。
B Well, maybe I’ll go to Shanghai to see friends for a few days.
B 哦,也许我会去上海呆几天,看望我的朋友们。

A new breeze is blowing --and a nation refreshed by freedom stands ready to push on : there is new ground to be broken, and new action to be taken.
George Bush, American President
一种新颖的风正在吹拂,为激励的民族随时准备向前推进;新的道路有待开拓,新的行动有待采取。

There is always a first brave person who breaks step with the stam-peding masses fleeing in panic, who pauses to help another to his feet ,creating his own eye in the storm, The stuff of heroes is made, forged in the midst of tragedy, in the blink of an eye.
Norman Stephens ,American writer
在惊慌乱逃的人群中,总有第一个勇敢者冲出,停下来扶人站起,在风暴中闪出自己的亮眼。英雄的素质铸成于转瞬之间的危难之中。
美国作家斯蒂芬斯.N.

We often hear of people breaking down from overwork, but in nine cases out of ten they are really suffering from worry or anxiety.
John Lubbock , British banker 
我们常常听人说,人们因工作过度而垮下来,但是实际上十有八九是因为饱受担忧或焦虑的折磨。
英国银行家卢伯克.J.

Friendship is like earthenware: once broken, it can be mended; love is like a mirror: once broken, that ends it.
Josh Billings. American humorist 
友谊就像陶器,破了可以修补;爱情好比镜子,一旦打破就难重圆。
美国幽默作家比林斯. .J 

When peace has been broken anywhere, the peace of all countries everywhere is in danger.
Franklin Roosevelt. American president
无论哪个地区的和平遭到破坏,世界各国的和平都会受到威胁。
美国总统罗斯福.F.

I want to break up.
我要分手。

He always breaks in on our discussions.

He always breaks in on our discussions.

I know it’s all my fault. I’ll never break your heart again. Please forgive me.
我知道都是我的错。我再也不会伤你的心。请原谅我。

Give me a break! Can he drive or not? I wonder how he got his driver's license.
给我帮帮忙!他到底会不会开车啊?我怀疑他是怎么考到驾照的。

Give me a break.
了我吧。

break up 分手
A: How are Bob and Pat doing?
A: Bob 和 Pat 近来如何?
B: They broke up last summer.
B: 他们去年夏天分开了。
"break up" 是「关系中止」的意思, 不限于男女之间的关系。"break-up" 是分手的名词形。如: "They had an ugly break-up." (他们很不愉快地分手了。)

Hey, you break it up!喂,住手啦!

Broke again.又破产了。


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