英语学习词典
  

blow

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blow [ bləu] vi.吹,吹动;吹响

blow off 吹掉,将(热水等)放出

blow out 吹熄(灯火等)

blow over 经过;(云等)吹散

blow one's top (美)气急败坏;发脾气

blow up 给(轮胎等)打气;爆炸

blow over 被淡忘

blow up 发脾气;放大(照片等)

blow [bləu] n. 击;打击

blow (blew, blown) v. 刮;吹(气)

Blow Molding Machine 吹塑机

You blow it! 你把事情搞砸了!
A: We could have got the deal , but you blew the whole thing!
A: 我们原本可以达成那笔交易的, 但是你把整个事情都搞砸了!
B: What did I do?
B: 我作了什么呢?
- blow up 是「发脾气」的意思。
"You'd better take off right now. Kevin will blow up if you're late again."
你最好现在就出发吧! 你要是再迟到, Kevin 会气炸的。

sell-out 出卖人家的人
A: I can't believe Dan, the person I trusted so much turned out to be a complete sell-out.
A: 我无法相信 Dan, 这个我曾经这么信任的人竟然是个出卖我的人。
B: Man, I don't even know what to say. He really blew me away, too.
B: 唉, 我都不知道该说什么才好。 他也真是让我始料未及。
- 这里的"sell-out"是"selling a person out"的名词, 可以指「出卖人家的人」或是「出卖人的行为」。
上面的对话里, 还有另外一个我们之前也有看过的词语是"blow one away" (blew one away 的原在式)。
这里的"blow one away"应该可以翻作我们口语里面讲的「被打败的感觉」。
因为没有想到过对方会是那样子的人, 当事情发生了才有一种「怎么可能!」的震撼和惊讶。
其实"blow one away"也可以说是形容某人的表现太过优异, 令人在佩服之外感到十分的震撼。

blow hot and cold 喜怒无常

Blow it! 他妈的!

blow off steam 发脾气

blow one's own horn 自吹自擂

blow one's top 怒发冲冠

blow up 表现失常;吹风

匮乏压抑了人的一些小欲望而强化了重大的欲望,就如风吹灭蜡烛而煽旺篝火。
Absence extinguishes small passions and increases great ones, as the wind blows out a candle,and fans a bonfire.

Absence diminishes little passions and increases great ones, just as the wind blows out a candle and fans a fire.
离别减弱浅薄的感情而增强深厚的感情,正如风吹灭蜡烛而煽旺火焰。

A strong blast of wind blew the car sideways off the road.
一阵狂风把汽车吹到了路边。

He struck the rock a mighty blow with a hammer.
他用铁锤使劲地猛击了一下那块岩石。

The two men exchanged blows.
两个人打架。

My father will blow his top when he sees what happened to the car.
我父亲看到车子这个样子肯定会大发雷霆。

When he told her how much it cost, she blew her top.
当他告诉她东西的价格时,她大发脾气。

The irritated driver blew his horn at the slow truck.
那位不耐烦的司机向缓慢行驶的卡车鸣喇叭。

If she finds out you spilled ink on her coat, she'll blow her stack.如果她发现你在她上衣上洒了墨水,她会大发脾气的。

It's blowing hard tonight.
今晚风大得很。

It was a great blow to her when her mother died.
她母亲去世对她是个沉重的打击。

The death of their daughter was a cruel blow.
女儿的死对他们是一个残酷的打击。

The driver blew his horn when the child stepped in front of the car.
当小男孩走到汽车前面时,汽车司机按响了喇叭。

A humid wind blew from the south.
湿润的风从南方吹来。

The wind blew my hat off.
风吹落了我的帽子。

我真失策。
I blew it. *常用俚语,表示“失败”、“失策”、“干了一件蠢事”。
I blew it. I lost the customer. (我真失策,失去了那个客户。)
Make sure it doesn't happen again. (再也不要发生这样的事了。)
I screwed up.
I messed up. (我给搞砸了。)
It's all my fault. (全都是我的错。)

我真不该那样。
I shouldn't have done it. *用“shouldn't have+过去分词”表示类似责备或斥责的心情,“不该……”、“要是没……”。
Oh, no! I shouldn't have done it. (哦,不!我要是不那样就好了。)
What did you do? (你干什么了?)
That was a mistake. (那是一个错误。)
I blew it. (我失败了。)
I wish I hadn't done that.
I really screwed up this time. (这次我真的给弄糟了。)
I really messed up. (我给搞糟了。)
I should have known better. (我早该弄清楚一些。)

I have no direction, I just get wherever the wind blows.
我没有方向,只是随风到处飘。

All are not hunters that blow the horn.
吹号角的未必都是猎人。

A straw shows which way the wind blows.
一叶便知秋。

A threatened blow is seldom given.
虚张声势,吓唬而已。

Great winds blow upon high hills.
树大招风。

It is as well to know which way the wind blows.
识时务者为俊杰。

Sail while the wind blows; wind and tide wait for no man.
驶船要乘风,风潮不等人。

The first blow is half the battle.
头炮打响,等于半个胜仗。

A new breeze is blowing --and a nation refreshed by freedom stands ready to push on : there is new ground to be broken, and new action to be taken.
George Bush, American President
一种新颖的风正在吹拂,为激励的民族随时准备向前推进;新的道路有待开拓,新的行动有待采取。

Liberty is in every blow! Let us do or die.
Robbert Burns, British poet.
多一分斗争,添一分自由!不在斗争中生,就在等待中死。
英国诗人彭斯.R.

Anger is a wind which blows out the lamp of the mind.
Robert Green Ingersoll, American lawyer
愤怒是扑灭心灵之灯的风。
美国律师英格索尔.R.G.

No, man. You're the one who blew it.不,老兄,你才是败事的一个。

I blew it.我们吹了。

You blow it!你把事情搞砸了!
A: We could have got the deal , but you blew the whole thing!
A:我们原本可以达成那笔交易的,但是你把整个事情都搞砸了!
B: What did I do?
B:我作了什么呢?
blow up是「发脾气」的意思。"You'd better take off right now. Kevin will blow up if you're late again."你最好现在就出发吧!你要是再迟到, Kevin会气炸的。

@@@ 休闲, 放松, 歇息
alight on 栖息
blow over 平息; 平安地过去
break down 1.(汽车等)抛锚; (机器)停止运转, 发生故障
2.把...分解
catch one's breath 缓口气, 歇口气
day off 休假
fool around 闲荡, 浪费时间
laze about/around 轻松愉快地打发时间
pump out (of) 抽出; 抽空
retire from 退休
slow down 减速, 慢下来; 松弛
take a break & take one's break 休息, 放松
take it easy 休息; 放松
take off (from work) 休假, 歇假
time off 空闲时间

@@@ 不安, 担心
anxious about/for 担心
blow/lose one's cool 失去自恃或失去镇静
concern over 对...的担心/忧虑
concern about 对...关心; 为...担心
fear for 为...担心
fit to be tied 非常生气; 非常烦躁不安
ill at ease 拘束; 不自在; 局促不安
least of my worries 最不担心的事
lose one's head 慌张, 失去镇静
take one's mind off 使...不再思考或担忧某事
worry about 焦虑; 担心, 发愁

@@@ 平息
blow over 平息; 平安地过去
calm down 平静下来; 镇定下来

@@@ 自己
blow/lose one's cool 失去自恃或失去镇静
boast of 吹牛, 自夸, 夸耀
fend for oneself 自己谋生, 照料自己
get above oneself 变得自高自大
go about one's business 忙自己的事
go Dutch 各自负担自己的费用
have nothing to do with 自己与...无关; 避开...
in person 本人, 亲自
keep to oneself 不与他人交往; 不向他人透露自己的意见和想法
knock oneself out 辛苦地工作, 使自己精疲力尽
lay claim to 声称/要求...是自己的; 争...的所有权
live by oneself 独自一人生活
on one's own 独立地, 凭自己的力量
on one's own time 自己的时间; 非工作时间
pretend to 自称拥有; 自称, 自夸
proud of 以...而自豪
read sth. into sth. 将本来没有的意思加进去解释, 自以为有某种含义
speak one's mind 直抒己见
sure of oneself 有自信心
volunteer for 自愿或无偿给与或提供(帮助、建议等)

up : 离开,消灭(expressing separation and destroy)
break up 拆开,驱散
cut up 切碎
split up 分裂
divide up 分割
smash up 捣毁
blow up 炸毁
wither up 枯死
tear up 撕碎
give up 放弃
fold up 垮台
dry up 枯竭,干涸
crack up 撞坏
clutter up 使散乱
litter up 乱丢杂物

down : 向下的位置(to or into a lower position)
cast down 扔下
cut down砍倒
get down 下来
hand down 传下来
knock down 撞倒
lay down 放下
let down 放下
pour down 倾盆而下
pull down 拉下
set down 放下
sit down 坐下
step down 走下来
throw down 扔下
turn down 拆下
take down 取下
blow down 吹倒
bring down 打倒
hang down 垂下
sink down 沉落
slip down 失足
squat down 蹲下
swallow down 吞下
stoop down 伏身
splash down 飞溅而下
touch down 降落
bend down 弯下
bow down 鞠躬
kneel down 跪下
lie down 躺下
strip down 脱下

off : 离开(indicating departure)
blow off 吹掉
drive off 击退
get off 下车,动身
lift off 离开地面
make off 逃走
move off 离去
pack off 打发走
see off 送行
ship off 运往
start off 动身
send off 送行,解雇
call off 叫走
let off 放出
take off 起飞
touch off 发射
give off 发出
clear off 走开
carry off 夺走

out : 结束,消失,取消(to or at an end, not to be there or not to exist)
burn out 烧尽,烧断
clear out 清除
dust out 清除
fade out 消失
put out 扑灭
run out 用完
use out 耗尽
give out 耗尽
comb out 淘汰
kick out 逐出
wipe out 消灭
die out 灭绝
rub out 擦掉
blot out 除去
blow out 吹熄
bleach out 漂白
carry out 完成,执行
leave out 省去
see out 完成
go out 熄灭
come out 罢工,结果
cut out 删去,停止
hold out 坚持到底
sell out 买完
tire out 筋疲力尽
wear out 磨损

blow it 搞砸了,弄坏了
I blew it on that last exam.
我上次考试靠砸了。

blow the lid off揭发(丑闻)
That newspaper story blew the lid off the Senator's illegal business deals.
报纸的报道揭发了参议员的非法勾当。

blow hot and cold 喜怒无常

Blow it! 他妈的!

blow off steam 发脾气

blow one's own horn 自吹自擂

blow one's top 怒发冲冠

blow up 表现失常;吹风

To blow a fuse.
保险丝烧断了。

“We arrived two hours late at the big blow-out for Charle’s birthday because our car had a blow-out.”
“由于我们车胎炸了,所以我们晚了两个小时才到达查理举行生日宴会的地方。”

"The retreating German army tried to blow up all the bridges across the Rhine river to stop the Allied troops from crossing into Germany."
“正在撤退的德国军队设法炸毁莱茵河上所有的桥梁来阻挡联军越过莱茵河进入德国。”

"I really blew up when I learned my girl friend was going out with another man."
“当我知道我的女朋友还跟另外一个男朋友出去玩的时候,我可真火了。”

"I have to stop at the gas station to blow up my front tires."
“我得到加油站去给汽车的前轮打气。”

"I 'd like 8 by 10 blow ups of these negatives, please."
“请你把这些底片放大成8X10那么大的照片。”

"My car smashed into a tree when I had a blow-out."
“当我的轮胎炸了的时候,我的车就撞到一棵树上去了。

"You'd better blow out that candle before it sets fire to the tablecloth."
“你最好还是把那蜡烛灭了吧,否则台布都要烧着了。”

"All the lights went off in the building and the elevators stopped when the master fuse blew out."
“大楼的总保险丝一断,楼里所有的灯都灭了,电梯也停了。”

"When the Lees celebrated their 25th anniversary, they invited all their friends to a big blow-out at the best hotel in town."
“当李家夫妇庆祝他们结婚二十五周年的时候,他们在当地最高级的旅馆里举行了一个规模盛大的聚会,把所有的朋友都请去了。”

- blow hot and cold 出尔反尔,喜怒无常
Do you think he'll support you ? He is the type who blows hot and cold.

- blow someone's mind 把某人搞得晕晕乎乎
Readers had rather high opinion of his new book, which blew his mind.

- Blow one's top 勃然大怒
My neighbor blew his top when he saw his hedges were cut by someone.

- blow one's own trumpet 自吹自擂
If you want to sell more, you should learn to blow your own trumpet.

爆破 demolish; blow up; dynamite; blast

爆破 [bào pò] /to blow up/to demolish (using explosives)/dynamite/blast/

爆炸 [bào zhà] /explosion/to explode/to blow up/to detonate/

不打不相识 [bù dǎ bù xiāng shì] /from an exchange of blows friendship grows/no discord/no concord/

不费吹灰之力 [bù fèi chuī huī zhī lì] /as easy as blowing off dust - not needing the slightest effort/

朝三暮四 [cháo sān mù sì] /(saying) to change sth that is already settled upon; blow hot and cold/

喘吁吁 [chuǎn xū xū] /to blow/

吹 [chuī] /to blow/blast/puff/boast/brag/end in failure/

打架 [dǎ jià] /fight/scuffle/come to blows/

刮 [guā] /to scrape/to blow/

刮 [guā] /blow (of the wind)/

捍 [hàn] /ward off (a blow)/

呼呼 [hū hū] /sound of wind blowing/

金星 [jīn xīng] /Venus (planet)/gold star/flashes of light that one seems to see (from blow on the head, etc.)/

飕 [sōu] /blow (as of wind)/sound of wind/

飕飕 [sōu sōu] /sound of the wind blowing or rain falling/

吐气 [tǔ qì] /aspirated/to blow off steam/

橐 [tuó] /sack/tube for blowing fire/

擤 [xǐng] /blow nose/

{adj: amphoric} the sound heard in auscultation resembling the hollow sound made by blowing across the mouth of a bottle
"amphoric breathing indicates a cavity in the lung"

{adj: battered, beat-up, beaten-up} damaged by blows or hard usage
"a battered old car"
"the beaten-up old Ford"

{adj: below the belt} disregarding the rules (from the notion of an illegal low blow in boxing)
"her accusations were below the belt"

{adj: blasting, ruinous} causing injury or blight; especially affecting with sudden violence or plague or ruin
"the blasting effects of the intense cold on the budding fruit"
"the blasting force of the wind blowing sharp needles of sleet in our faces"
"a ruinous war"

{adj: blow-by-blow} providing great detail
"a blow-by-blow account of the movie"

{adj: blown, gasping, out of breath, panting, pursy, short-winded, winded} breathing laboriously or convulsively

{adj: blown-up, blown up} having been inflated

{adj: blown-up, enlarged} as of a photograph; made larger
"the enlarged photograph revealed many details"

{adj: blown} (of glass) formed by forcing air into a molten ball
"blown glass"

{adj: blown} being moved or acted upon by moving air or vapor
"blown clouds of dust choked the riders"
"blown soil mounded on the window sill"

{adj: blustering, blusterous, blustery} blowing in violent and abrupt bursts
"blustering (or blusterous) winds of Patagonia"
"a cold blustery day"
"a gusty storm with strong sudden rushes of wind"

{adj: cold} unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication
"the boxer was out cold"
"pass out cold"

{adj: crushing, devastating} physically or spiritually devastating; often used in combination
"a crushing blow"
"a crushing rejection"
"bone-crushing"

{adj: dazed, foggy, groggy, logy, stuporous} stunned or confused and slow to react (as from blows or drunkenness or exhaustion)

{adj: dazed, stunned, stupefied, stupid} in a state of mental numbness especially as resulting from shock
"he had a dazed expression on his face"
"lay semiconscious, stunned (or stupefied) by the blow"
"was stupid from fatigue"

{adj: disorienting} causing loss of physical or intellectual bearings
"making so many turns to the right and then the left was completely disorienting"
"a sharp blow to the head can be disorienting"
<-> orienting

{adj: dizzy, giddy, woozy, vertiginous} having or causing a whirling sensation; liable to falling
"had a dizzy spell"
"a dizzy pinnacle"
"had a headache and felt giddy"
"a giddy precipice"
"feeling woozy from the blow on his head"
"a vertiginous climb up the face of the cliff"

{adj: exploded} blown apart with great violence
"fragments of the exploded tank were scattered in all directions"

{adj: full-blown, matured} fully ripe; at the height of bloom
"a full-blown rose"

{adj: full-blown} having or displaying all the characteristics necessary for completeness
"a full-blown financial crisis"

{adj: gusty, puffy} blowing in puffs or short intermittent blasts
"puffy off-shore winds"
"gusty winds "

{adj: hard, knockout, severe} very strong or vigorous
"strong winds"
"a hard left to the chin"
"a knockout punch"
"a severe blow"

{adj: heavy} of great intensity or power or force
"a heavy blow"
"the fighting was heavy"
"heavy seas"
<-> light

{adj: hewn, hand-hewn} cut or shaped with hard blows of a heavy cutting instrument like an ax or chisel
"a house built of hewn logs"
"rough-hewn stone"
"a path hewn through the underbrush"

{adj: ill} resulting in suffering or adversity
"ill effects"
"it's an ill wind that blows no good"

{adj: knock-down, powerful} strong enough to knock down or overwhelm
"a knock-down blow"

{adj: knocked out, kayoed, KO'd, out, stunned} knocked unconscious by a heavy blow

{adj: like, equal, equivalent, same} equal in amount or value
"like amounts"
"equivalent amounts"
"the same amount"
"gave one six blows and the other a like number"
"an equal number"
"the same number"
<-> unlike

{adj: mighty} having or showing great strength or force or intensity
"struck a mighty blow"
"the mighty logger Paul Bunyan"
"the pen is mightier than the sword"- Bulwer-Lytton

{adj: mind-bending, mind-blowing} intensely affecting the mind especially in producing hallucinations

{adj: mind-blowing} intensely affecting the mind or emotions
"spending a week in the jungle was a mind-blowing experience"
"a mind-blowing horror story"

{adj: napping, off-guard, off guard, off one's guard, off his guard, off her guard, off your guard} not prepared or vigilant
"the blow caught him napping"
"caught in an off-guard moment"
"found him off his guard"

{adj: northerly, northern} coming from the north; used especially of wind
"the north wind doth blow"
"a northern snowstorm"
"the winds are northerly"

{adj: punch-drunk, silly, slaphappy} dazed from or as if from repeated blows
"knocked silly by the impact"
"slaphappy with exhaustion"

{adj: sharp} quick and forceful
"a sharp blow"

{adj: slashing} as if striking with slashing blows
"his slashing demon-ridden cadenza"

{adj: smart} painfully severe
"he gave the dog a smart blow"

{adj: stunning} causing or capable of causing bewilderment or shock or insensibility
"laid the poor fellow senseless with one stunning blow"
"a stunning detonation with volumes of black smoke"

{adj: stupefying} making physically stupid or dull or insensible
"a stupefying blow to the head"
"the stupefying effects of hemp"

{adj: thrilling} causing quivering or shivering as by cold or fear or electric shock
"a thrilling wind blew off the frozen lake"

{adv: downwind, with the wind} in the direction the wind is blowing
"they flew downwind"
<-> upwind

{adv: easterly} from the east
"the winds blew easterly all night"
<-> westerly

{adv: furiously} (of the elements) in a wild and stormy manner
"winds were blowing furiously"

{adv: noisily} with much noise or loud and unpleasant sound
"he blew his nose noisily"
<-> quietly

{adv: sky-high} (with verb `to blow') destroyed completely; blown apart or to pieces
"they blew the bridge sky-high"
"the committee blew the thesis sky-high"

{adv: southerly} from the south
"a wind blew southerly"

{adv: upwind, against the wind, into the wind} in the direction opposite to the direction the wind is blowing
"they flew upwind"
<-> downwind

{adv: westerly} from the west
"the wind blew westerly"
<-> easterly

{n: Fawkes, Guy Fawkes} English conspirator who was executed for his role in a plot to blow up James I and the Houses of Parliament (1570-1606)

{n: Gunpowder Plot} a conspiracy in 1605 in England to blow up James I and the Houses of Parliament to avenge the persecution of Catholics in England; led by Guy Fawkes

{n: John Doe, Joe Blow, Joe Bloggs, man in the street} a hypothetical average man

{n: Rosh Hashanah, Rosh Hashana, Rosh Hashonah, Rosh Hashona, Jewish New Year} (Judaism) a solemn Jewish feast day celebrated on the 1st or 1st and 2nd of Tishri; noted for the blowing of the shofar

{n: Santa Ana} a strong hot dry wind that blows in winter from the deserts of southern California toward the Pacific Coast

{n: antitrade wind, antitrade} winds blowing from west to east and lying above the trade winds in the tropics

{n: antitrades} wind in the upper atmosphere blowing above but in the opposite direction from the trade winds

{n: arrest, check, halt, hitch, stay, stop, stoppage} the state of inactivity following an interruption
"the negotiations were in arrest"
"held them in check"
"during the halt he got some lunch"
"the momentary stay enabled him to escape the blow"
"he spent the entire stop in his seat"

{n: attic fan} a fan that blows heated air out of the attic of a building

{n: backhander} a backhanded blow

{n: bagpipe, pipe} a wind instrument; the player blows air into a bag and squeezes it out through the instrument

{n: bastard, by-blow, love child, illegitimate child, illegitimate, whoreson} the illegitimate offspring of unmarried parents

{n: beating, thrashing, licking, drubbing, lacing, trouncing, whacking} the act of inflicting corporal punishment with repeated blows

{n: beat} a stroke or blow
"the signal was two beats on the steam pipe"

{n: beat} the act of beating to windward; sailing as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing

{n: beat} the sound of stroke or blow
"he heard the beat of a drum"

{n: bellows} a mechanical device that blows a strong current of air; used to make a fire burn more fiercely or to sound a musical instrument

{n: berating, blowing up} a severe rebuke
"he deserved the berating that the coach gave him"

{n: blow gas, blowing gas} the gas leaving a generator during a blow period

{n: blow, bump} an impact (as from a collision)
"the bump threw him off the bicycle"

{n: blow, puff} forceful exhalation through the nose or mouth
"he gave his nose a loud blow"
"he blew out all the candles with a single puff"

{n: blowfly, blow fly} large usually hairy metallic blue or green fly; lays eggs in carrion or dung or wounds

{n: blowgun, blowpipe, blowtube, blow tube} a tube through which darts can be shot by blowing

{n: blowing} processing that involves blowing a gas

{n: blowtube, blow tube, blowpipe} a tube that directs air or gas into a flame to concentrate heat

{n: blow} a powerful stroke with the fist or a weapon
"a blow on the head"

{n: box} a blow with the hand (usually on the ear)


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