英语学习词典
  

black

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black [ blæk] a.黑色的;黑暗的

black and blue (被打得)遍体鳞伤

black out 用墨涂掉;封锁(新闻)

look black 怒视

black [blæk] n. 黑色 a. 黑色的

暗箱操作 black case work

ABB Automatic Black Balance 自动黑平衡

ABL Automatic Black Level 自动黑电平

BB Black Burst 黑场信号

BWTV Black and White Television 黑白电视

Black Tea 红茶

black looks 愁眉苦脸

black and blue 遍体鳞伤

black sheep 不肖子女

give sb a black eye 打某人一顿

pot calling the kettle black 五十步笑百步

Please write clearly in blue or black ink. 请用蓝黑墨水填写清楚。

black tea 红茶

black coffee 纯咖啡

black date 黑枣

我同函寄上由Axbridge的布莱克先生付款、见票后30日付款的面额为50美元汇票一张,请向付款人提出后请其承兑, 并予保管, 到期请将金额给我汇来。不胜感激。
I take liberty to trouble you with the enclosed draft for $50, at thirty days' sight, on Mr. Black of Axbridge, which I shall be obliged by your getting accepted, and retaining in your possession until due, at which time you can remit me the amount.

毕苏期权定价模式 Black-Scholes

1. Good to the last drop.
  滴滴香浓,意犹未尽。(麦斯威尔咖啡)
  
2. Obey your thirst.
  服从你的渴望。(雪碧)
 
3. The new digital era.
  数码新时代。(索尼影碟机)
  
4. We lead. Others copy.
  我们领先,他人仿效。(理光复印机)
  
5. Impossible made possible.
  使不可能变为可能。(佳能打印机)
  
6. Take time to indulge.
  尽情享受吧!(雀巢冰激凌)
  
7. The relentless pursuit of perfection.
  不懈追求完美。 (凌志轿车)
  
8. Poetry in motion, dancing close to me.
  动态的诗,向我舞近。(丰田汽车)
  
9. Come to where the flavor is. Marlboro Country.  
  光临风韵之境——万宝路世界。(万宝路香烟)
  
10.To me, the past is black and white, but the future is always color.  
 
  对我而言,过去平淡无奇;而未来,却是绚烂缤纷。(轩尼诗酒)
  
Just do it.
  只管去做。(耐克运动鞋)
  
Ask for more.
  渴望无限。(百事流行鞋)
  
The taste is great.
  味道好极了。(雀巢咖啡)
  
Feel the new space.
  感受新境界。(三星电子)
  
Intelligence everywhere.
  智慧演绎,无处不在。(摩托罗拉手机)
  
The choice of a new generation.
  新一代的选择。(百事可乐)
  
We integrate, you communicate.
  我们集大成,您超越自我。(三菱电工)
  
Take TOSHIBA, take the world.
  拥有东芝,拥有世界。(东芝电子)
  
Let’s make things better.  
  让我们做得更好。(飞利浦电子)
  
No business too small, no problem too big.  
  没有不做的小生意,没有解决不了的大问题。 (IBM公司)

Black 黑色的,黑市的

black market transaction 黑市交易

Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model Black-Scholes 期权定价模型

黑烟
black smoke

the owner of a black Mercedes
一辆黑色梅塞德斯牌汽车的主人

Black people constitute the poorest segment of society in the country.
黑人是这个国家最穷的社会群体。

Nearly half of those diagnosed with the virus are blacks and Latinos.
被诊断感染艾滋病病毒的人有一半是黑人和来自拉丁美洲的人。

He wore a pair of black trousers.
他穿着一条黑裤子。

black coffee 清咖啡
milk coffee 加牛奶的咖啡
strong/weak coffee 浓/淡咖啡

the black community 黑人社区

He drew his heavy black brows together in a frown.
他皱着眉头,浓黑的眉毛拧成了一个结。

These white shoes don't go with your black suit.
这双白色鞋子和那件黑色西服颜色不相配。

Until recently, it was a convention in the United States for people to wear black to a funeral.
直到最近,穿黑颜色的衣服参加葬礼仍然是美国的习俗。

He is a racist who refuses to employ blacks.
他是个种族主义者,拒绝雇佣黑人。

The police have been criticized for having stereotyped images of black people.
有人批评警方对黑人有成见。

She was dressed in black from head to toe.
她全身上下都穿着黑衣服。

Black smoke appeared on the horizon.
一股黑烟出现在地平线上。

The police are trying to recruit more black and Asian officers.
警察正在努力招聘更多的黑人和亚裔警官。

I have two cats. One is white, the other is black.我有两只猫,一只是白猫,另一只是黑猫。

His thesis works relatively well when applied to discrimination against Blacks in the United States, but his definition of racial prejudice as “ racially-based negative prejudgments against a group generally accepted as a race in any given region of ethnic competition,” can be interpreted as also including hostility toward such ethnic groups as the Chinese in California and the Jews in medieval Europe.
对于针对美国黑人的种族歧视,他的理论相对成立得较好,但是他将种族偏见如此定义:“在某一特定区域内的种族竞争中被普遍接受的一个种族所受到的基于种族的负面偏见。”可以看作也包含有对象加州的中国人以及中世纪的犹太人等少数民族的敌视。

Gutman argues convincingly that the stability of the Black family encouraged the transmission of and so was crucial in sustaining — the Black heritage of folklore, music, and religious expression from one generation to another, a heritage that slaves were continually fashioning out of their African and American experiences.
加特曼确凿地说明黑人家庭的稳定鼓励了黑人文化遗产的传递和维护,这些遗产包括从一代传到另一代的民间传说,音乐,和宗教表述,这些遗产使非洲和美洲的奴隶们特色显著。

Civil rights activists have long argued that one of the principal reasons why Blacks, Hispanics, and other minority groups have difficulty establishing themselves in business is that they lack access to the sizable orders and subcontracts that are generated by large companies.
人民活动家一直认为黑人和拉丁美人难以在生意上立足的原因是因为他们难以取得大公司的大宗定单和分包合同。

When black poets are discussed separately as a group, for instance, the extent to which their work reflects the development of poetry in general should not be forgotten, or a distortion of literacy history may result.
如果把黑人诗人当作一个群体来讨论的话,比如说,他们的作品反应的诗歌发展历史的程度不该被忘记,可能会产生文学历史的一些改变。

But black poets were not battling over old or new rather, one accomplished Black poet was ready to welcome another, whatever his or her style, for what mattered was racial pride.
但是黑人诗人并不争论关于第的问题,一个有成就的黑人诗人总欢迎新人,不管他们的风格怎样,因为真正重要的是种族自豪。

In addition, the style of some Black novels, like Jean Toomer’s Cane, verges on expressionism or surrealism, does this technique provide a counter point to the prevalent theme that portrays the fate against which Black heroes are pitted, a theme usually conveyed by more naturalistic modes of expression?
此外,一些黑人小说的风格,像Jean Toomer的Cane,就接近于表现主义或者超现实主义,这种巧合是否给流行描述黑人主人公与命运对抗的主题提供了一个反衬点,或者经常被更加自然的表达模式所传达的主题?

Do you have a black jacket?
你有一件黑夹克吗?

After her husband died, she dressed in deep black for the rest of her life.
她丈夫去世后,她终生都穿着黑色丧服。

When there are black clouds you can tell it's going to rain.
有乌云的时候,就知道快下雨了。

She always dresses in black.
她总穿着黑衣服。

She wore a black silk evening gown.
她穿着一件黑色丝质晚礼服。

He is wearing a black suit.
他穿着一套黑西装。

李明是个败家子。
Li ming is the black sheep of his family.

I need a black bag.
我需要一个黑色的皮包。

a black sheep 败家子
绵羊一般为白色,一旦成了黑色的绵羊,一定是个“败类”。
Eric is a black sheep ,splashing one million dollars in a few years .
艾瑞克是个败家子,几年就挥霍了一百万美金。

He left home dressed in a smart black suit.
他穿着一身漂亮的黑色套装出了家门。

Every bean has its black.
金无足赤,人无完人。

After black clouds, clear weather.
否极泰来。

Every bean has its black.
人人有其缺点。

It is a small flock that has not a black sheep.
家家难免有败类。

Mock not a cobbler for his black thumbs.
不要嘲笑皮匠的黑拇指。

The devil is not so black as he is painted.
魔鬼不像所描绘的那么黑。

The pot calls the kettle black.
五十步笑百步。

There is a black sheep in every flock.
群群羊中有黑羊。

Thereis no wool so white but a dyer can make it black.
羊毛再白,也能染黑。

Two blacks do not make a white.两个乌黑不等于一个清白。

Black light filter 黑光滤波器

Black light; ultraviolet radiation 黑光

A I need to make a copy of this document.
A 这份文件我需要一个副本。
B Go ask the Business Centre. They’ll be able to do it. Do you need just a photocopy or a scan?
B 到商务中心问一下。他们能做到。你需要复印还是扫描?
A Can I scan the document? I need a scan because I need to e-mail a copy.
A 我能扫描这份文件吗?我需要一份扫描的,因为我需要用电子邮件发送。
B Do you want it in colour or black and white?
B 你需要彩色的还是黑白的?
A I’m not sure. I think black and white is probably fine.
A 我不确定。我想黑白的可能就行。
B Well, black and white will be cheaper. Anyway, go and ask the Business Centre.
B 哦,黑白的会便宜一些。不管怎样,去到商务中心问问吧。

A I like this suitcase.
A 我喜欢这个手提箱。.
B We've got it in black and brown, sir.
B 我们有黑色的和褐色的,先生。
A I like the black one. Have you got it in a smaller size?
A 我喜欢这个黑色的。你有小一号的吗?
B Yes, sir. We've got these suitcases in three sizes - small, medium and large. Here you are.
B 是的,先生。这样的手提箱我们有三个尺寸——小号,中号和大号的。
A That one's a bit too small. ?I'll take the medium one.
A 那个有点太小。我买这个中号的。
B Certainly, sir. Is there anything else?
B 当然,先生。还要什么吗?

I prefer the red handbag.
我更喜欢红色的手提包。
I like those blue shoes.
我喜欢那双蓝色的鞋。
I want to buy some black shoes.
我想去买一些黑色的鞋。
I’ve got a green and white football shirt.
我有一件绿色和白色混和的足球体恤。

Energy is eternal delight.
W.Black. American poet and artist
精力充沛是永恒的快乐。
美国诗人、艺术家布莱克.W.

Everything that lives, lives not alone, nor for itself.
William Black ,British poet.
世上的一切生物,既非孤立生存,亦非只为自身生存。
英国诗人布莱克.W.

He who would do good to another must do it in minute particulars; general good is the plea of the scoundrel , hypocrite and flatterer.
William Black, British poet
行善总是具体的、特定的;抽象的、笼统的行善是恶棍、伪君子和献媚者的托辞。
英国诗人布莱克,W.

Mutual forgiveness of each vice, such are the gates of Paradise.
William Black, British poet
相互宽容对方的缺点,乃是通向天堂之门。
英国诗人布莱克.W.

The horizon of life is broadened chiefly by the enlargement of the heart.
H.Black American writer
生活的范围是随着心胸的开阔而变宽广的。
美国作家布莱克,H.

As fruit needs not only sunshine but cold nights and chilling showers to ripen it , so character needs not only joy but trial and difficulty to mellow it .
Hugh Black, American writer
水果不仅需要阳光,也需要凉夜。寒冷的雨水能使其成熟。人的性格陶冶不仅需要欢乐,也需要考验和困难。
美国作家布莱克H

I see black light.
Victor Hugo, French writer
我看见了黑色的灯。
法国作家雨果V

Women take clothing much more seriously than men. I've never seen a man walk into a party and say″Oh, my God,I'm so embarrassed;get me out of here. There's another man wearing a black tuxedo.″
在着装方面,女人要比男人认真得多,因为我从来没看到过这样的情形一个男人去参加聚会,说哦,我的上帝,另外一个男人也穿着黑色的礼服,我太尴尬了,带我离开这儿!

@@@ 简单, 粗略
black and white 黑白片, 单色
glance at 浏览, (粗略地)看一下
in short 简而言之
nothing to it 很简单; 没什么难的
(there is) nothing to it (这)非常简单
slide over 回避, 略过
sum up 总结, 概括
survey course 概论课

@@@ 身体
black and blue 被打得青紫的, 遍体鳞伤的
fit as a fiddle 身体很健康
get a checkup 做身体检查
go up 物体上行; 价格气温等上升
lose weight 体重减轻; 减肥
stay in shape/keep in shape (指人)锻炼身体, 保持健康
under the weather 身体不适, 生病

@@@ 片
a cloud of 一大群; 一大片
a slice of 一片
a stretch of 一大片, 一段
black and white 黑白片, 单色
break into pieces (使)成为碎片
for a moment 片刻
horror movie 恐怖片
just a minute 请等一会儿, 请稍等片刻
pull to pieces 把...撕成碎片

bow out 不干了,退出
Mr. Black often quarreled with his partners, so he finally bowed out of
the company.
布莱克先生经常和同伙吵架,因此他终于退出了公司。

black and blue 遍体鳞伤

black sheep 不肖子女

give sb a black eye 打某人一顿

pot calling the kettle black 五十步笑百步

- the black sheep of the family 有辱门楣的人
He lost everything in gabling and was called the black sheep of the family by this relatives.

- On the tip of someone's tongue 就早嘴边上
A man in black came to ask about my son's whereabouts. My words were on the tip of someone's tongue when I found the man had a gun inside his pocket.

Mr. Black is talking with the Chinese importer about inspecting the goods.
布莱克先生与中方进口商就商品检验问题进行洽谈。

Quantities of Black Tea have been exported.
已经有大批红茶出口。

黑白 black and white

败家子 black sheep

败家子 black sheep

黯 [àn] /deep black/dark/

白纸黑字 [bái zhǐ hēi zì] /(written) in black and white/

臂纱 [bì shā] /(black) armband/

遍体鳞伤 [biàn tǐ lín shāng] /covered all over with cuts and bruises/beaten black and blue/be a mass of bruises/

黛 [dài] /umber-black dye for painting the eyebrow/

黑 [hēi] /black/dark/

黑色 [hēi sè] /black/

黑市 [hēi shì] /black market/

红茶 [hóng chá] /black tea/

豇 [jiāng] /cowpeas/black-eyed beans/

玖 [jiǔ] /(black stone)/nine (fraud-proof)/

鹫 [jiù] /black eagle/condor/cruel/

莨菪 [làng dàng] /black henbane/

骊 [lí] /black horse/good horse/

黎 [lí] /(surname)/black/abbreviation for Lebanon/

骝 [liú] /bay horse with black mane/

雒 [luò] /black horse with white mane/fearful/

漆黑 [qī hēi] /(adj) pitch black/

青 [qīng] /green (blue, black)/

深海烟囱 [shēn hǎi yān cōng] /deep-sea vent/black smoker/

绨 [tí] /coarse greenish black pongee/

乌 [wū] /a crow/black/

乌云 [wū yún] /(n) black clouds/

玄 [xuán] /black/mysterious/

黟 [yī] /black and shining ebony/

黝 [yǒu] /black/dark green/

皂 [zào] /black/

淄 [zī] /black/name of a river/

缁 [zī] /Buddhists/black silk/dark/

{adj: African-American, Afro-American} pertaining to or characteristic of Americans of African ancestry
"Afro-American culture"
"many black people preferred to be called African-American or Afro-American"

{adj: accusative, accusatory, accusing, accusive} containing or expressing accusation
"an accusitive forefinger"
"black accusatory looks"
"accusive shoes and telltale trousers"- O.Henry
"his accusing glare"

{adj: baleful, forbidding, menacing, minacious, minatory, ominous, sinister, threatening} threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
"a baleful look"
"forbidding thunderclouds"
"his tone became menacing"
"ominous rumblings of discontent"
"sinister storm clouds"
"a sinister smile"
"his threatening behavior"
"ugly black clouds"
"the situation became ugly"

{adj: beady, beadlike, buttony, buttonlike} small and round and shiny like a shiny bead or button
"bright beady eyes"
"black buttony eyes"

{adj: black, blackened} (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood
"a face black with fury"

{adj: black, bleak, dim} offering little or no hope
"the future looked black"
"prospects were bleak"
"Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult"- J.M.Synge
"took a dim view of things"

{adj: black, calamitous, disastrous, fatal, fateful} (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin
"the stock market crashed on Black Friday"
"a calamitous defeat"
"the battle was a disastrous end to a disastrous campaign"
"such doctrines, if true, would be absolutely fatal to my theory"- Charles Darwin
"it is fatal to enter any war without the will to win it"- Douglas MacArthur
"a fateful error"

{adj: black, dark, sinister} stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable
"black deeds"
"a black lie"
"his black heart has concocted yet another black deed"
"Darth Vader of the dark side"
"a dark purpose"
"dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility"
"the scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him"-Thomas Hardy

{adj: black, disgraceful, ignominious, inglorious, opprobrious, shameful} (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
"Man...has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands"- Rachel Carson
"an ignominious retreat"
"inglorious defeat"
"an opprobrious monument to human greed"
"a shameful display of cowardice"

{adj: black, grim, mordant} harshly ironic or sinister
"black humor"
"a grim joke"
"grim laughter"
"fun ranging from slapstick clowning ... to savage mordant wit"

{adj: black, pitch-black, pitch-dark} extremely dark
"a black moonless night"
"through the pitch-black woods"
"it was pitch-dark in the cellar"

{adj: black, smutty} soiled with dirt or soot
"with feet black from playing outdoors"
"his shirt was black within an hour"

{adj: black-and-blue, livid} discolored by coagulation of blood beneath the skin
"beaten black and blue"
"livid bruises"

{adj: black-and-tan} having a pattern of black and tan

{adj: black-and-white, black and white} not having or not capable of producing colors
"black-and-white film"
"a black-and-white TV"
"the movie was in black and white"
<-> color

{adj: black-and-white} lacking hue or shades of grey; part white and part black
"a black-and-white cow"
"black-and-white blooms"
"black-and-white stripes"

{adj: black-and-white} of a situation that is sharply divided into mutually exclusive categories
"he rejected a black-and-white world"
"there are no black-and-white certainties"
"there were no grey areas, you were either for him or against him, he was all black-and-white"

{adj: black-barred} having a pattern consisting of black bars

{adj: black-coated} coated with black

{adj: black-grey, black-gray, blackish-grey, blackish-gray} of dark grey

{adj: black-marked} having black marks

{adj: black-seeded} having black seeds

{adj: blackish-brown} of brown tinged with black

{adj: blackish-red} of red tinged with black

{adj: blackish} of something that is somewhat black
"blackish clouds"

{adj: black} (of coffee) without cream or sugar

{adj: black} (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading
"black propaganda"

{adj: black} being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light
"black leather jackets"
"as black as coal"
"rich black soil"
<-> white

{adj: black} dressed in black
"a black knight"
"black friars"

{adj: black} marked by anger or resentment or hostility
"black looks"
"black words"

{adj: black} of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin
"a great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization"- Martin Luther King Jr.
<-> white

{adj: blae} of bluish-black or grey-blue

{adj: blue-black, bluish black} of black tinged with blue

{adj: bootleg, black, black-market, contraband, smuggled} distributed or sold illicitly
"the black economy pays no taxes"

{adj: bordered} having a border especially of a specified kind; sometimes used as a combining term
"black-bordered handkerchief"
<-> unbordered

{adj: bright, burnished, lustrous, shining, shiny} made smooth and bright by or as if by rubbing; reflecting a sheen or glow
"bright silver candlesticks"
"a burnished brass knocker"
"she brushed her hair until it fell in lustrous auburn waves"
"rows of shining glasses"
"shiny black patents"

{adj: brown-black, brownish-black} of black tinged with brown

{adj: burned} injured by intense heat (as of fire or the sun)
"his cracked, black burned lips"

{adj: coal-black, jet, jet-black, pitchy, sooty} of the blackest black; similar to the color of jet or coal

{adj: color, colour} having or capable of producing colors
"color film"
"he rented a color television"
"marvelous color illustrations"
<-> black-and-white

{adj: contrasty} having sharp differences between black and white
<-> flat

{adj: dark-haired, black-haired, brown-haired} having hair of a dark color
"a dark-haired beauty"

{adj: dark} devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black
"sitting in a dark corner"
"a dark day"
"dark shadows"
"dark as the inside of a black cat"
<-> light

{adj: doomed} marked for certain death
"the black spot told the old sailor he was doomed"

{adj: drudging, laboring, labouring, toiling} doing arduous or unpleasant work
"drudging peasants"
"the bent backs of laboring slaves picking cotton"
"toiling coal miners in the black deeps"

{adj: ebon, ebony} of a very dark black

{adj: edged} having a specified kind of border or edge
"a black-edged card"
"rough-edged leaves"
"dried sweat left salt-edged patches"

{adj: elongated, extended, lengthened, prolonged} drawn out or made longer spatially
"Picasso's elongated Don Quixote"
"lengthened skirts are fashionable this year"
"the extended airport runways can accommodate larger planes"
"a prolonged black line across the page"

{adj: funky} stylish and modern in an unconventional way
"she likes funky clothes"
"we did it all in black and white in a very funky sixties style"

{adj: geometric, geometrical} characterized by simple geometric forms in design and decoration
"a buffalo hide painted with red and black geometric designs"

{adj: geomorphologic, geomorphological, morphologic, morphological, structural} pertaining to geological structure
"geomorphological features of the Black Hills"
"morphological features of granite"
"structural effects of folding and faulting of the earth's surface"

{adj: glossy, satiny, sleek, silken, silky, silklike, slick} having a smooth, gleaming surface
"glossy auburn hair"
"satiny gardenia petals"
"sleek black fur"
"silken eyelashes"
"silky skin"
"a silklike fabric"
"slick seals and otters"

{adj: grey, gray, greyish, grayish} of an achromatic color of any lightness intermediate between the extremes of white and black
"the little grey cells"
"gray flannel suit"
"a man with greyish hair"

{adj: grey-black, gray-black, greyish-black, grayish-black} of black tinged with grey

{adj: ink-black, inky, inky-black} of the color of black ink

{adj: irritating, painful} causing physical discomfort
"bites of black flies are more than irritating; they can be very painful"

{adj: laureate} worthy of the greatest honor or distinction
"The nation's pediatrician laureate is preparing to lay down his black bag"- James Traub

{adj: negro} relating to or characteristic of or being a member of the traditional racial division of mankind having brown to black pigmentation and tightly curled hair

{adj: patched, spotty, spotted, black-and-white} having spots or patches (small areas of contrasting color or texture)
"a field patched with ice and snow"
"the wall had a spotty speckled effect"
"a black-and-white spotted cow"

{adj: plastered, slicked} (of hair) made smooth by applying a sticky or glossy substance
"black hair plastered with pomade"

{adj: purple-black, purplish-black} of black tinged with purple

{adj: sable} of a dark somewhat brownish black

{adj: saturated, pure} (of color) being chromatically pure; not diluted with white or grey or black
<-> unsaturated


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