英语学习词典
  

authority

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authority [ ɔ:'θɔriti] n.当局,官方;权力

authority [ɔ:'θɔriti] n. 权威;当局

authority [ɔ:'θɔriti] 权限

地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances

港务局 port office; harbor authority

所有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority

台湾当局 the Taiwan authorities

authorities 当局,官方

competent authorities 主管部门

台湾当局 Taiwan authorities

台湾当局 Taiwan authorities

Airport Authority [AA] [also known as Airport Authority Hong Kong]
机场管理局〔又称香港机场管理局〕

approving authority
授权当局;批核当局

Broadcasting Authority [BA]
广播事务管理局

Chief Executive, Hong Kong Monetary Authority [CE, HKMA]
香港金融管理局总裁

Construction Industry Training Authority [CITA]
建造业训练局

delegated authority
获授权力

delegation of authority
转授权力

devolution of authority
权力下放

Estate Agents Authority [EAA]
地产代理监管局

competent authority 主管当局;主管部门

executive authority 行政机关

independent statutory authority 独立法定组织

prosecuting authority 检察机关

public authority 公共主管当局

regulatory authority 监管当局

scope of authority 权力范围

There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extremely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.
无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。

In the first place, school authorities should provide far more services to help freshmen to get used to the new life as soon as possible.
首先,学校应提供更多的服务,帮助新生尽快适应新的生活。

It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.
该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

国际海底管理局 International Sea-Bed Authority

国际航标协会 International Association of Lighthouse Authorities (IALA)

administrative authority 行政管理当局

Authority 授权,当局,管理机关

delegation of authority 官方代表团

functional authority 职权,职能

legislative authority 立法权

local authority 地方当局

Signing authority 签字权

All authority belongs to the people.
一切权力属于人民。

Authority is not truth, but truth possesses the authority.
权威不是真理,但真理拥有权威。

A tyrant's authority for crime, and a fool's excuse for failure.
命运:暴君作恶的理由,傻瓜失败的借口。

Freedom is a way of life which requires authority, discipline, and government of its own kind.
自由是一种生活方式,它需要权威、纪律,以及具有自由本身性质的统治。

They tried to file a request with the authorities.
他们试图向当局提出申请。

They tried to file a request with the authorities.
他们试图向当局提出请求。

They challenged the authority of what he said.
他们对他所说话的权威性提出质疑。

local authorities
(市镇、郡、区等的) 地方当局

This is the idea of higher authorities.
这是上级的意见。

He is a recognized authority.
他是公认的权威。

She now has authority over the people she used to take orders from.
她现在可以指挥那些过去曾经对她发号施令的人了。

The police had the authority to do a search.
警方有权进行搜查。

The authorities showed no signs of giving in to the demands.
当局对民众的要求毫无妥协的迹象。

Every mistake that she makes further undermines her authority.
她犯的每一次错误都进一步降低了她的威望。

an executive director of the company 公司的执行董事
an executive committee 执行委员会
executive authorities 行政当局

The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities.
而有效遵守纪律的学生们往往是那些经常给校方提建议的学生。

The government is the highest authority in the country.
政府是国家的最高权力机构。

The airport authorities have promised to review their security measurements.
机场当局已答应重新检查他们的安全措施。

The rapid spread of the disease is alarming the medical authorities.
这种疾病的迅速蔓延使医疗当局感到忧虑不安。

We hear on good authority that...
我们从可靠的官方消息得知...

No mourality can be founded on authority, even if the authouity were divine.
A. J. Ayer. USA writer
道德不可能建立在权威的基础上,即使这种权威是至高无上的。
美国作家艾尔.A.J.

Destiny: A tyrant's authority for crime, and a fool's excuse for failure.
Ambrose Bierce, American writer
命运:暴君施虐的权利,傻瓜失败的借口。
美国作家比尔斯.A.

- get someone's goat 使人恼怒,惹人生气
The way he boasted that he was an authority got my goat.

报案 [bào àn] /report a case to the security authorities/

报失 [bào shī] /report the loss to the authorities concerned/

柄 [bǐng] /authority/handle/hilt/

大家 [dà jiā] /authority/everyone/

大权 [dà quán] /power/authority/

当局 [dāng jú] /authorities/

夫权 [fū quán] /authority over the household/

复辟 [fù bì] /(v) recovers one's power or authority/

检举 [jiǎn jǔ] /(v) reveal to higher authorities; inform against/

巨擘 [jù bò] /thumb/authority (knowledgeable person)/

领导权 [lǐng dǎo quán] /leadership authority/

批示 [pī shì] /(v) make comment and criticisms of a lower government report/(n) written comments from higher authorities/

权 [quán] /authority/power/right/

权柄 [quán bǐng] /authority/

权威 [quán wēi] /authority/authoritative/

权威性 [quán wēi xìng] /authoritative/(having) authority/

权钥 [quán yào] /keys of authority/

擅 [shàn] /usurp/without authority/

上级 [shàng jí] /higher authorities/superiors/

上交 [shàng jiāo] /(v) hand in to; give to higher authority/

上台 [shàng tái] /(v) rise to authority/(v) go up on the theater stage/

申报 [shēn bào] /(v) report or declare (to customs or other authority)/

职权 [zhí quán] /(n) authority; power over others/

中国当局 [zhōng guó dāng jú] /Chinese authorities/

Amid the outcry, many conservative leaders are seeking a return to the prewar emphasis on moral education.
在一片抗议声中,许多保守党领导人正在力图回复到战前,强调道德教育;
Last year Mitsuo Setoyama, who was then education minister, raised eyebrows when he argued that liberal reforms introduced by the American occupation authorities after World War Ⅱ had weakened the "Japanese morality of respect for parents".
去年,当时任教育大臣的Mitsuo Setoyama就提出责难,他申辩说二战后美国占领当局引进的自由改革削弱了“日本人尊敬父母的道德观”。

A survey of news stories in 1996 reveals that the anti-science tag has been attached to many other groups as well, from authorities who advocated the elimination of the last remaining stocks of smallpox virus to Republicans who advocated decreased funding for basic research.
1996年对新闻报道的调查表明,反科学的标签也贴在了许多其他群体上,从提倡消灭所有现存的天花病毒的官方人士到倡议削减基础研究基金的共和党人。

After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates, Australia's Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die.
经过6个月争论和最后16个小时的国会激烈辩论,澳大利亚北部地区(澳北州)成为世界上第一个允许医生根据绝症病人个人意愿来结束其生命的合法当局。

"Creative thinking may mean simply the realization that there's no particular virtue in doing things the way they have always been done," wrote Rudolph Flesch, a language authority.
“创造性思维也许只不过意味着能够意识到按老办法办事没什么特别可取之处。”语言权威人士鲁道夫·弗莱契写到。
This accounts for our reaction to seemingly simple innovations like plastic garbage bags and suitcases on wheels that make life more convenient: "How come nobody thought of that before?"
这解释了我们看到像塑料垃圾袋和带轮箱包之类令生活更便利但看似简单的发明时的反应:“怎么过去就没有人想到这办法呢?”

{adj: able} (usually followed by `to') having the necessary means or skill or know-how or authority to do something
"able to swim"
"she was able to program her computer"
"we were at last able to buy a car"
"able to get a grant for the project"
<-> unable

{adj: absolute, conclusive} expressing finality with no implication of possible change
"an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority"
"inability to make a conclusive refusal"

{adj: acquiescent, biddable} willing to carry out the orders or wishes of another without protest
"too acquiescent to challenge authority"

{adj: agreed, in agreement} united by being of the same opinion
"agreed in their distrust of authority"

{adj: amenable} liable to answer to a higher authority
" the president is amenable to the constitutional court"

{adj: answerable} morally or legally responsible to a higher authority
"parents are answerable for their child's acts"

{adj: appropriated, condemned, confiscate, confiscated, seized, taken over} taken without permission or consent especially by public authority
"the condemned land was used for a highway cloverleaf"
"the confiscated liquor was poured down the drain"

{adj: approved, sanctioned} established by authority; given authoritative approval
"a list of approved candidates"

{adj: arbitrative} relating to or having the authority to arbitrate
"an arbitrative board"

{adj: authoritative, authorized, authorised} sanctioned by established authority
"an authoritative communique"
"the authorized biography"

{adj: authoritative, classical, definitive} of recognized authority or excellence
"the definitive work on Greece"
"classical methods of navigation"

{adj: authoritative, important} having authority or ascendancy or influence
"an important official"
"the captain's authoritative manner"

{adj: authorized, authorised} endowed with authority
<-> unauthorized

{adj: binding} executed with proper legal authority
"a binding contract"

{adj: centralized, centralised} drawn toward a center or brought under the control of a central authority
"centralized control of emergency relief efforts"
"centralized government"
<-> decentralized

{adj: centrifugal} tending away from centralization, as of authority
"the division of Europe into warring blocs produces ever-increasing centrifugal stress"

{adj: civil} applying to ordinary citizens
"civil law"
"civil authorities"

{adj: coercive} serving or intended to coerce
"authority is directional instead of coercive"

{adj: collegial} characterized by or having authority vested equally among colleagues
"collegial harmony"
"a tendency to turn from collegial to one-man management"- Merle Fainsod

{adj: de facto, actual, factual} existing in fact whether with lawful authority or not
"de facto segregation is as real as segregation imposed by law"
"a de facto state of war"
<-> de jure

{adj: decentralized, decentralised} withdrawn from a center or place of concentration; especially having power or function dispersed from a central to local authorities
"a decentralized school administration"
<-> centralized

{adj: defiant, noncompliant} boldly resisting authority or an opposing force
"brought up to be aggressive and defiant"
"a defiant attitude"
<-> compliant

{adj: determined, dictated, set} determined or decided upon as by an authority
"date and place are already determined"
"the dictated terms of surrender"
"the time set for the launching"

{adj: disaffected, ill-affected, malcontent, rebellious} discontented as toward authority

{adj: disobedient, unruly} unwilling to submit to authority
"unruly teenagers"

{adj: disobedient} not obeying or complying with commands of those in authority
"disobedient children"
<-> obedient

{adj: dominated} controlled or ruled by superior authority or power

{adj: empowered, sceptered, sceptred} invested with legal power or official authority especially as symbolized by having a scepter

{adj: enlarged} expanded in scope
"the enlarged authority of the committee"

{adj: established, constituted} brought about or set up or accepted; especially long established
"the established social order"
"distrust the constituted authority"
"a team established as a member of a major league"
"enjoyed his prestige as an established writer"
"an established precedent"
"the established Church"
<-> unestablished

{adj: extraordinary} beyond what is ordinary or usual; highly unusual or exceptional or remarkable
"extraordinary authority"
"an extraordinary achievement"
"her extraordinary beauty"
"enjoyed extraordinary popularity"
"an extraordinary capacity for work"
"an extraordinary session of the legislature"
<-> ordinary

{adj: federal} characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities
"a federal system like that of the United States"
"federal governments often evolved out of confederations"
<-> unitary

{adj: formal} characteristic of or befitting a person in authority
"formal duties"
"an official banquet"

{adj: fractious, refractory, recalcitrant} stubbornly resistant to authority or control
"a fractious animal that would not submit to the harness"
"a refractory child"

{adj: free-thinking, latitudinarian, undogmatic, undogmatical} unwilling to accept authority or dogma (especially in religion)

{adj: furnished, equipped} provided with whatever is necessary for a purpose (as furniture or equipment or authority)
"a furnished apartment"
"a completely furnished toolbox"
<-> unfurnished

{adj: governmental} of or relating to the governing authorities
"the core of a governmental system"
"public confidence and governmental morale"

{adj: inquisitorial} having the authority to conduct official investigations
"the inquisitorial power of the Senate"

{adj: insubordinate, resistant, resistive} disposed to or engaged in defiance of established authority

{adj: insubordinate} not submissive to authority
"a history of insubordinate behavior"
"insubordinate boys"
<-> subordinate

{adj: insurgent, seditious, subversive} in opposition to a civil authority or government

{adj: intra vires} within the legal power or authority or a person or official or body etc
<-> ultra vires

{adj: invested, invested with} officially endowed with authority or power
"by the Constitution...the president is invested with certain...powers"- John Marshall

{adj: liberalistic} having or demonstrating belief in the essential goodness of man and the autonomy of the individual; favoring civil and political liberties, government by law with the consent of the governed, and protection from arbitrary authority

{adj: localized, localised} made local or oriented locally
"a decentralized and localized political authority"

{adj: local} relating to or applicable to or concerned with the administration of a city or town or district rather than a larger area
"local taxes"
"local authorities"
<-> national

{adj: obedient} dutifully complying with the commands or instructions of those in authority
"an obedient soldier"
"obedient children"
"a little man obedient to his wife"
"the obedient colonies...are heavily taxed; the refractory remain unburdened"- Edmund Burke
<-> disobedient

{adj: obligational} relating or constituting or qualified to create a legal or financial obligation
"obligational authority"

{adj: official} having official authority or sanction
"official permission"
"an official representative"
<-> unofficial

{adj: political} of or relating to your views about social relationships involving authority or power
"political opinions"

{adj: potent, strong} having or wielding force or authority
"providing the ground soldier with increasingly potent weapons"

{adj: ratified, sanctioned} formally approved and invested with legal authority

{adj: rebellious} resisting control or authority
"temperamentally rebellious"
"a rebellious crew"

{adj: recalcitrant} marked by stubborn resistance to authority
"the University suspended the most recalcitrant demonstrators"

{adj: recognized, recognised} provided with a secure reputation
"a recognized authority"

{adj: recusant} refusing to submit to authority
"the recusant electors...cooperated in electing a new Senate"- Mary W.Williams

{adj: regnant, reigning, ruling} exercising power or authority

{adj: ruled} subject to a ruling authority
"the ruled mass"

{adj: sacerdotal} of or relating to a belief in sacerdotalism
"sacerdotal emphasis on the authority of priests"

{adj: satellite} surrounding and dominated by a central authority or power
"a city and its satellite communities"

{adj: semiofficial} having some official authority or sanction

{adj: sovereign, supreme} greatest in status or authority or power
"a supreme tribunal"

{adj: standard} established or widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence
"a standard reference work"
<-> nonstandard

{adj: subordinate} subject or submissive to authority or the control of another
"a subordinate kingdom"
<-> insubordinate

{adj: subservient} compliant and obedient to authority
"editors and journalists who express opinions in print that are opposed to the interests of the rich are dismissed and replaced by subservient ones"-G. B. Shaw

{adj: totalitarian} characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control
"a totalitarian regime crushes all autonomous institutions in its drive to seize the human soul"- Arthur M.Schlesinger, Jr.

{adj: ultra vires} beyond the legal power or authority of a person or official or body etc
"an ultra vires contract"
<-> intra vires

{adj: unauthorized, unauthorised} not endowed with authority
<-> authorized

{adj: uncontested} not disputed and not made the object of contention or competition
"uncontested authority"
<-> contested

{adj: undefined, vague} not precisely limited, determined, or distinguished
"an undefined term"
"undefined authority"
"some undefined sense of excitement"
"vague feelings of sadness"
"a vague uneasiness"
<-> defined

{adj: under} lower in rank, power, or authority
"an under secretary"

{adj: unitary} characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority
"a unitary as opposed to a federal form of government"
<-> federal

{adj: unofficial} not having official authority or sanction
"a sort of unofficial mayor"
"an unofficial estimate"
"he participated in an unofficial capacity"
<-> official

{adj: unquestionable} incapable of being questioned
"unquestionable authority"
<-> questionable

{adj: unratified} lacking legal authority
"the unratified Equal Right Amendment"

{adj: unstructured} lacking definite structure or organization
"an unstructured situation with no one in authority"
"a neighborhood gang with a relatively unstructured system"
"children in an unstructured environment often feel insecure"
"unstructured inkblots"
<-> structured

{adj: weak} not having authority, political strength, or governing power
"a weak president"

{adv: authentically, genuinely} genuinely; with authority
"it is authentically British"

{adv: better, best} from a position of superiority or authority
"father knows best"
"I know better."

{adv: broad-mindedly} in a broad-minded manner
"the authorities broad-mindedly permitted the opening of a center for teenagers"
<-> narrow-mindedly

{adv: ex cathedra} with the full authority of the office
"the pope must speak ex cathedra for an encyclical to be infallible"

{adv: narrow-mindedly, small-mindedly} in a narrow-minded manner
"narrow-mindedly, the authorities closed down the cafe where teenagers used to hang out"
<-> broad-mindedly

{adv: politically} with regard to social relationships involving authority
"politically correct clothing"

{adv: ultra vires} beyond the scope or in excess of legal power or authority

{n: Adapid, Adapid group} extinct small mostly diurnal lower primates that fed on leaves and fruit; abundant in North America and Europe 30 to 50 million years ago; their descendents probably include the lemurs; some authorities consider them ancestral to anthropoids but others consider them only cousins

{n: Algeripithecus minutus} tiny (150 to 300 grams) extinct primate of 46 to 50 million years ago; fossils found in Algeria; considered by some authorities the leading candidate for the first anthropoid

{n: Allied Command Atlantic, ACLANT} a major strategic headquarters of NATO located in the United States; is under the authority of the North Atlantic Council

{n: Counter Reformation} the reaction of the Roman Catholic Church to the Reformation reaffirming the veneration of saints and the authority of the Pope (to which Protestants objected); many leaders were Jesuits

{n: Crown} the Crown (or the reigning monarch) as the symbol of the power and authority of a monarchy
"the colonies revolted against the Crown"

{n: Culbertson, Ely Culbertson} United States authority on contract bridge whose books helped to popularize the game (1891-1955)

{n: Haredi} any of several sects of Orthodox Judaism that reject modern secular culture and many of whom do not recognize the spiritual authority of the modern state of Israel

{n: Henry II} first Plantagenet King of England; instituted judicial and financial reforms; quarreled with archbishop Becket concerning the authority of the crown over the church (1133-1189)

{n: High Church, High Anglican Church} a group in the Anglican Church that emphasizes the Catholic tradition (especially in sacraments and rituals and obedience to church authority)

{n: Innocent XI, Benedetto Odescalchi} Italian pope from 1676 to 1689 whose papacy was marked by the struggle with Louis XIV of France over papal authority over French Catholics; known for saintliness and canonized in 1956 (1611-1689)

{n: Karaites} a Jewish sect that recognizes only the Hebrew Scriptures as the source of divinely inspired legislation and denies the authority of the postbiblical tradition of the Talmud; the sect arose in Iraq in the eighth century

{n: Leo I, St. Leo I, Leo the Great} Italian pope from 440 to 461 who extended the authority of the papacy to the west and persuaded Attila not to attack Rome (440-461)

{n: Mennonitism} system of beliefs and practices including belief in scriptural authority; plain dress; adult baptism; foot washing; restriction of marriage to members of the group

{n: North Atlantic Council, NAC} a council consisting of permanent representatives of all the member countries of NATO; has political authority and powers of decision

{n: Omomyid, Omomyid group} extinct tiny nocturnal lower primates that fed on fruit and insects; abundant in North America and Europe 30 to 50 million years ago; probably gave rise to the tarsiers; some authorities consider them ancestral to anthropoids but others consider them only cousins

{n: Palestine Liberation Organization, PLO} a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine; when formed in 1964 it was a terrorist organization dominated by Yasser Arafat's al-Fatah; in 1968 Arafat became chairman; received recognition by the United Nations and by Arab states in 1974 as a government in exile; has played a largely political role since the creation of the Palestine National Authority

{n: Palestine National Authority, Palestinian National Authority, Palestine Authority} combines the Gaza Strip and the West Bank under a political unit with limited autonomy and a police force; created in 1993 by an agreement between Israel and the PLO

{n: Pasternak, Boris Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich Pasternak} Russian writer whose best known novel was banned by Soviet authorities but translated and published abroad (1890-1960)

{n: Robert, Henry M. Robert, Henry Martyn Robert} United States parliamentary authority and author (in 1876) of Robert's Rules of Order (1837-1923)

{n: Spanish Inquisition} an inquisition initiated in 1478 by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella that guarded the orthodoxy of Catholicism in Spain (especially from the 15th to the 17th centuries)
"the Spanish Inquisition was administered by both civil and church authorities which gave it ultimate power"
"Torquemada was the inquisitor general for the Spanish Inquisition"

{n: Talmud} the collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism

{n: Uniat Church, Uniate Church} any of several churches in eastern Europe or the Middle East that acknowledge papal authority but retain their own liturgy

{n: Vedist} a scholar of or an authority on the Vedas

{n: abrogator} an authority or official empowered to abolish or annul or repeal

{n: administrative hearing} a hearing that takes place outside the judicial process before hearing examiners who have been granted judicial authority specifically for the purpose of conducting such hearings

{n: agency, federal agency, government agency, bureau, office, authority} an administrative unit of government
"the Central Intelligence Agency"
"the Census Bureau"
"Office of Management and Budget"
"Tennessee Valley Authority"

{n: allocator, distributor} a person with authority to allot or deal out or apportion

{n: approver} an authority with power to approve

{n: arbiter, supreme authority} someone with the power to settle matters at will
"she was the final arbiter on all matters of fashion"

{n: assurance, self-assurance, confidence, self-confidence, authority, sureness} freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities
"his assurance in his superiority did not make him popular"
"after that failure he lost his confidence"
"she spoke with authority"

{n: authority figure} someone who is regarded as an authority by someone else

{n: authority, authorization, authorisation, potency, dominance, say-so} the power or right to give orders or make decisions
"he has the authority to issue warrants"
"deputies are given authorization to make arrests"
"a place of potency in the state"

{n: authority, authorization, authorisation, sanction} official permission or approval
"authority for the program was renewed several times"

{n: authority} (usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others
"the authorities have issued a curfew"

{n: authority} an authoritative written work
"this book is the final authority on the life of Milton"

{n: authority} an expert whose views are taken as definitive
"he is an authority on corporate law"

{n: authorizer, authoriser} an authority who authorizes (people or actions)
"the agents report back to their authorizers"

{n: autocracy} a political theory favoring unlimited authority by a single individual

{n: autonomy, liberty} immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence

{n: ayatollah} a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well

{n: baton} a short staff carried by some officials to symbolize an office or an authority

{n: bishop} a clergyman having spiritual and administrative authority; appointed in Christian churches to oversee priests or ministers; considered in some churches to be successors of the twelve apostles of Christ

{n: bylaw, bye law} a rule made by a local authority to regulate its own affairs

{n: carte blanche} complete freedom or authority to act

{n: central bank} a government monetary authority that issues currency and regulates the supply of credit and holds the reserves of other banks and sells new issues of securities for the government

{n: chief financial officer, CFO} the corporate executive having financial authority to make appropriations and authorize expenditures for a firm

{n: church-state} a state ruled by religious authority

{n: civil authority} a person who exercises authority over civilian affairs

{n: coercion} the act of compelling by force of authority

{n: color of law, colour of law} a mere semblance of legal right; something done with the apparent authority of law but actually in contravention of law
"the plaintiff claimed that under color of law the officer had deprived him of his civil rights"

{n: commander} someone in an official position of authority who can command or control others

{n: command} a position of highest authority
"the corporation has just undergone a change in command"

{n: command} the power or authority to command
"an admiral in command"

{n: commission plan} a municipal government that combines legislative and executive authority in the members of a commission

{n: commission, commissioning} the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions

{n: computer expert, computer guru} an authority on computers and computing

{n: constable} a lawman with less authority and jurisdiction than a sheriff

{n: contempt} a willful disobedience to or disrespect for the authority of a court or legislative body

{n: contumacy} obstinate rebelliousness and insubordination; resistance to authority

{n: council tax} a tax levied on households by local authorities; based on the estimated value of the property and the number of people living in it

{n: count palatine} a count who exercised royal authority in his own domains

{n: devolution, devolvement} the delegation of authority (especially from a central to a regional government)

{n: direct-grant school} formerly a school that charged tuition fees and also received government grants in return for admitting certain non-paying students who were nominated by the local authorities

{n: disaffection} disloyalty to the government or to established authority
"the widespread disaffection of the troops"

{n: dominion, rule} dominance or power through legal authority
"France held undisputed dominion over vast areas of Africa"
"the rule of Caesar"

{n: dragoman} an interpreter and guide in the Near East; in the Ottoman Empire in the 18th and 19th centuries a translator of European languages for the Turkish and Arab authorities and most dragomans were Greek (many reached high positions in the government)

{n: emancipation} freeing someone from the control of another; especially a parent's relinquishing authority and control over a minor child

{n: empire} a group of countries under a single authority
"the British empire"

{n: enabling legislation} legislation that gives appropriate officials the authority to implement or enforce the law

{n: envoy, envoy extraordinary, minister plenipotentiary} a diplomat having less authority than an ambassador

{n: ethnarch} the ruler of a province (as in the Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire) or certain religious rulers with secular authority
"the election of Makarios III to archbishop gave him the status of the ethnarch of Cyprus"

{n: evaluator, judge} an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality

{n: exaction} act of demanding or levying by force or authority
"exaction of tribute"
"exaction of various dues and fees"

{n: exception} grounds for adverse criticism
"his authority is beyond exception"

{n: exile, deportee} expelled from home or country by authority

{n: expropriation} taking out of an owner's hands (especially taking property by public authority)

{n: extortion} unjust exaction (as by the misuse of authority)
"the extortion by dishonest officials of fees for performing their sworn duty"

{n: false imprisonment} (law) confinement without legal authority

{n: fatwa} a ruling on a point of Islamic law that is given by a recognized authority

{n: federal court} a court establish by the authority of a federal government

{n: fixer, influence peddler} someone who intervenes with authorities for a person in trouble (usually using underhand or illegal methods for a fee)

{n: generalship, generalcy} the office and authority of a general

{n: genus Mononychus} authorities disagree over whether to classify the genus as bird or dinosaur

{n: good authority} testimony by someone who should know
"I have it on good authority"

{n: government, authorities, regime} the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
"the government reduced taxes"
"the matter was referred to higher authorities"

{n: government, governing, governance, government activity} the act of governing; exercising authority
"regulations for the governing of state prisons"
"he had considerable experience of government"

{n: great seal} the principal seal of a government, symbolizing authority or sovereignty

{n: handover} act of relinquishing property or authority etc
"the handover of occupied territory"

{n: hatchery} a place where eggs are hatched under artificial conditions (especially fish eggs)
"the park authorities operated a trout hatchery"

{n: high priest} a preeminent authority or major proponent of a movement or doctrine
"he's the high priest of contemporary jazz"

{n: historian, historiographer} a person who is an authority on history and who studies it and writes about it

{n: home help} a person hired to help in another's home (especially one employed by a local authority to help the infirm with domestic work)

{n: imam, imaum} (Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque; for Shiites an imam is a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law and a spiritual guide


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